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Full text of "The Ohio farmer"

i 

1 



1 

I 




OF THE 
UNIVERSITY 
OF 1 LLI N O 1 S 



630.5 
OM 
v. 113 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2014 



https://archive.org/details/ohiofarmer1131unse 



VOLUME CXIII N?I. THE WH0LE NlMBER ^354 



OHIO FARMER 




NEW YEARS NUMBER 



2 2 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jax. 4, 1908. 



FARM MANAGEMENT. 



While the past year has heen one of 
general prosperity it is likely that in 
some instances it has proved some- 
thing of a failure. It is fitting that 

those who have succeeded strive to be 
more successful and those who have 
failed awaken to a full appreciation of 
the opportunities that exist about 
them. We should not yield to discour- 
agement. Our experience, whatever it 
may have been, should be applied to 
our future benefit. If we will enter the 
new year with renewed zeal, it is prob- 
able that when the year shall have 
passed we shall look back upon our ef- 
forts as more effectual and our pleas- 
ure in existence as greater than ever 
before. Whatever our shortcomings 
we should try to discover and elimi- 
nate them and fortify ourselves against 
future recurrence. Too much import- 
ance can not be placed upon the gener- 
al management of the farm. The farm- 
er should at all times be ready and 
willing to work with the hands if nec- 
essary, but he must remember that the 
head work is his first and most im- 
portant duty. No manager, be he ever 
so competent, can teach another how 
to be equally competent. To seme ex- 
tent at least the quality is "born, not 
made," in one. We find examples of 
men of equal intelligence who 
have had similar advantages, yet one 
makes a great success of his calling 
while the other fails. One proves him- 
self a proficient manager while the oth- 
er does not. Therein lies the differ- 
ence and this difference means success 
or failure. 

It is well that our agricultural col- 
leges have comprehensive courses on 
this most important subject, and that 
our farm publications are doing so 
much to aid the farm manager. Yet 
he who expects to make a success of 
his work must forge out his own plan. 
He may learn much from the experi- 
ence of others, but all oi this must be 
carefully winnowed out and only the 
yoints applicable to the individual cir- 
cumstances and abilities retained. The 
ability to do this lies with the tact and 
application of the individual. One of 
the most potent causes of failure is 
the lack of concentration. Much effort 
may prove of little avail unless well- 
directed and along well-studied lines. 
The individual must adopt some gen- 
eral plan and stay with it, varying only 
in details and that only as circum- 
stances demand. If he fails to careful- 
ly plan his course or if he does not 
persevere in the same, it is more than 
likely that failure will be the result, 
or he will not attain that degree of 
success that would otherwise have been 
possible. 

Too many managers think it only 
necessary for them to work incessant- 
ly at common manual labor, planning 
only the time for which no other use 
can be found. And even at such times 
many fail to profitably employ the op- 
portunity for planning and studying, 
but idle away the time simply because 
conditions are such that they "can not 
work." If properly applied such 
clays may be made the most valuable 
of all. Buying, selling, employing, 
breeding, feeding, crops, machinery, 
fertilizers, accounts, etc., are matters 
for careful thought. At such times 
we may also consider matters of spe- 
cial interest as treated in our farm 
papers, bulletins relating to subjects 
with which we are concerned, agricul- 
tural books, etc. These are apt to bo 
read more or less carelessly, or prob- 
ably not at all when they are received, 
but if retained and digested later they 
may be made to yield the greatest pos- 
sible benefit. To fail in these matters 
is to sacrifice much of the profit and 
pleasure which come to the true hus- 
bandman from a progressive knowl- 
edge of the things with which he deals. 

Another requisite is close attention 
to details. This may become monoton- 
ous at times, but it will not do for one 
to give up. By so doing he would be 
courting loss and discouragement. 
Those about us can not have the de- 
gree of interest in our affairs which we 
possess, and as a consequence we must 
ourselves see that all dutie=, great or 
rmall, are promptly and thoroly at- 
tended. We may shrink from the 
manual labor involved but the Dei Ba- 
sal' y attention must always be given. 
As the objects and conditions about 
us are ever unfolding and changing, 
and as we live in the light of an en- 



lightened experience, it is our own 
fault if we do not find enough pleasure 
to more than compensate for occasion- 
al disappointments. No vocation is en- 
tirely free from vexatious influences, 
and one is never so well prepared to re- 
alize this as after observing for a time 
the woes of those who live under other 
conditions. 

Probably the most important feat- 
ure of farm management is system. 
Without it much effort is lost. The 
first essential to system is convenient 
arrangement, including all the things 
with which we deal. Fields, lots, lane3, 
barns, outbuildings, etc., all should be 
well appointed and convenient. A cer- 
tain field should be for the manure, 
another for pasture, one to plow, anoth- 
er for small grain, a well-planned rou- 
tine of stock production, a comfortable 
home for small animals — in short, "a 
place for everything, and everything in 
its place." 

These suggestions are offered as the 
experience of one who b's felt the 
need, and later, enjoyed some of the 
advantages arising from such matters. 
He has attempted to portray some of 
the essentials in making the farm the 
pleasant and fairly profitable vocation 
which it should be. If one has made up 
his mind to stay on the farm, the soon- 
er he succeeds in injecting some of the 
true business spirit into his affairs the 
sooner will he get substantial results 
and renewed interest, and if he will 
but persevere in the effort he may 
transform what has been a life of 
drudgery and discouragement into one 
fraught with prosperity, contentment 
and happiness. — H. E. Tweed, Brown 
Co., O. 



AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION. 

Joel Chandler Harris is making his 
"Uncle Remus's Magazine" a lively 
and interesting periodical, and one 
destined to do great good in the South. 
In the November issue there is an ar- 
ticle by David Y. Thomas entitled 
"The Impending Crisis, after Fifty 
Years." It is mainly a review of the 
famous Helper book, but takes a wise 
view of the needs of the farmer and 
especially the Southern farmer as re- 
gards education. The writer says, "Our 
so-called agricultural colleges have 
done very little for the farmer except 
to educate his son away from the 
farm. Our Experiment Stations have 
done little, and the farmers' institutes, 
conducted by the agricultural college 
and station men, are disseminating 
the knowledge thus gained. But even 
this is not enough. The states of Ala- 
bama and Georgia have entered on an- 
other experiment, the result of which 
will be awaited with interest. It is 
to establish genuine agricultural col- 
leges in every congressional district, 
so that such training may be within 
the reach of a greater number. If ex- 
periment farms, under the direction 
of scientific men, could be maintained 
in every county, the effect would un- 
doubtedly be marked." 

Here crops out the old idea that a 
farmer's son should of necessity be a 
farmer. Writers have rung all tha 
changes on the old question, "How to 
keep the boys on the farm." when the 
truth is that there are very few of 
them that should be kept on the farm. 
It does not follow that because a boy 
is born on a farm that he should be a 
farmer, any more than the boy born to 
a city doctor should follow same pro- 
fession in the city. Boys born on farms 
have different likings and capacities 
just as boys born elsewhere have, and 
education is meant to develop what is 
best in the boy and to give him some 
idea of what should be his career in 
life. The boy who takes the regular 
course in agriculture at college should 
become a better farmer by reason of 
such study, if his tastes lead him back 
to the farm. But if In that course of 
study he finds that his capacity is for 
Chemistry, or biology or some other 
specialty in science, the world will be 
better off. the farm will be better off 
and the man will be better off in pur- 
suing the line of. work for which he is 
adapted. The one who really loves the 
farm will get there eventually. 

Then Mr. Thomas classes all the ag- 
ricultural colleges as "so-called." That 
has doubtless long been true of the 
Georgia college, but it is hoped that 
the new arrangement and organization 
will put it. too. among the real col- 
leges of agriculture that are doing a 



grand work for the farmers of the 
country. It is to be feared that the 
"genuine" colleges that Mr. Thomas 
says are to be established in every con- 
gressional district will be more of the 
"so-called." It would be far better for 
the state to concentrate all its means 
for agricultural education in the build- 
ing up of one real and well-equipped 
college than to scatter its means over 
a dozen poorly-fitted institutions. The 
great and real college could then send 
out well-fitted men to take charge of 
real demonstration farms in each coun- 
ty, not experiment farms as Mr. T. 
says. The experimental work should 
be left to the stations already organ- 
ized and their corps of trained inves- 
tigators. 

Mr. Thomas evidently confounds an 
experiment farm with a model farm. 
A model, business-like farm, conducted 
purely for profit, as an illustration of 
what farming in an economical and 
profitable way should be in the partic- 
ular county, would do a vast amount 
of good, and would only need a capa- 
ble and well-trained man to run it, and 
should be, not an expense but a source 
of profit. On the other hand an exper- 
iment farm, would be purely a matter 
of continual expense, would require 
the services of trained scientists, and 
could not be the object lesson that the 
model farm should be, for in the very 
nature of experimental work the farm 
could not be a model for imitation, 
and that is what Mr. Thomas evident- 
ly means. The model farm should be a 
demonstration of the truth of the facts 
worked out by the station, and should 
be a profitable and economical farm or 
it would fail utterly to help the farm- 
ers. Mr. Thomas evidently thinks that 
an agricultural college should be mere- 
ly a training school for farm hands, 
and that is what perhaps his district 
"genuine" colleges would amount to. 
They would doubtless do good in this 
way to a class, but would be far from 
being real colleges, and should not be 
called su( h 

The college of agriculture is for the 
development of brain power that can 
be used for the benefit of agriculture 
in whatever becomes the life-work of 
its gravitates. The experiment stations 
need these young men, and when they 
are prepared for investigation work 
they will he of as great or perhaps of 
greater benefit to the farmers than if 
they went directly back to the farms. 
I would suggest to Mr. Thomas that 
he study the work of some of the col- 
leges that ha\c long been doing great 
work in their agricultural department. 
He will find that a "genuine" agricul- 
tural college demands an equipment 
in men and facilities that his "genu- 
ine" distinct colleges can never attain. 
— W. F» Massey, Wicomico Co., Md. 



THE FARM HAND. 

I notice an article in your issue of 
Dec. 14, written by J. K. Turner, in 
regard to farm labor, and wish to give 
my experience as a farm laborer. I 
was raised on a farm and worked as 
a farm hand for several years. I have 
worked for some of the most promi- 
nent farmers in Hancock County. None 
of these farmers ever employed help 
in the winter season, not even giving 
a man his board for what work he 
could do, leaving the farm hand to 
look for something else. These farm- 
ers asked me to arise at four o'clock 
in the morning, attend to some six to 
ten head of horses and other stock. 
They did not count this as anv part 
of the day's work and I was in the field 
at six o'clock in the morning and came 
from the field any time from six 
o'clock in the evening until midnight 
As for compensation, I received from 
$11' to $15 per month. I asked one 
farmer for a day off to attend the coun- 
ty fair. He gave me permission to go 
but told me to go to the corn field and 
CUl corn until nine o'clock. This I did, 
and he then counted the entire day 
off when we settled. 

These, of course, are small matters, 
but it is these small matters which 
go to make lip the large ones. I re- 
gard the matter of farm laborers or- 
ganizing as nonsense, as it would be 
next to impossible for farm labor to 
organize a union of any consequence. 
Mr. Turner lays the blame of our 
present high prices to the farm labor- 
er This, to my mind, is about as un- 
reasonable as the bankers blaming the 
present money stringency to people 
who hoard their money in an old shoe. 



I take it that Mr. Turner is a farmer 
who is reaping the harvest from our 
present high prices. He is right in re- 
gard to giving lectures in each locali- 
ty, but let one lecture be to the farm 
hand and the other to the farmer. I 
left the farm because I saw no chance 
for advancement there. So I drifted 
into the oil field and I now have a fore- 
manship at $70 per month, house and 
fuel furnished. — H. D. Groves, Han- 
cock Co., O. 



EVERY FAILURE A STEP TO SUC- 
CESS. 



I am glad that we have one man whe 
is not afraid to speak of his failure? 
thru the columns of a leading farm 
weekly. It has become a pet hobby with 
too many writers to exploit their suc- 
cesses and cover up their mis-licks and 
failures. In fact the editorial policy 
of many of our leading farm papers de- 
mands that a writer tell only of his 
success. I do not believe in picturing 
everything in an unprofitable, dark, 
gloomy aspect; neither do I believe in 
being afraid to speak of some of our 
failures, especially when they may 
prove of benefit to others. 

I receive from twenty to thirty farm 
papers, regularly, and among the 
whole lot I do not find more plain. com- 
mon-sense, agricultural truth than I 
have among Dr. Chamberlain's experi- 
ment farm notes. It required sev- 
eral months for me to discover the 
value of this column, but it does me 
good to read the truth boiled down and 
expressed in a manner that gives me 
confidence in the writer. The scientific 
value of facts depends upon the validi- 
ty of the inferences bound up in them, 
and at present there are more false 
facts than false theories going the 
rounds of the agricultural press. 

The condition reminds me of the fa- 
mous attorney who was defending a 
celebrated murderer and had just com- 
pleted the work of building up what 
he called "a conclusive hypothesis. "One 
of his associates remarked "the facts 
are against you." "Then." quickly re- 
plied the attorney, "so much the worse 
for the facts." That is the trouble with 
some farmers. They can't stand it to 
have the facts of a year's failures laid 
down in front of them to guide them in 
their next year's operations. — \V. Mil- 
ton Kelly, Erie Co., N. Y. 



Science and Farming. 

One of many Important facts In mod- 
ern farm science most worth the atten- 
tion of farmers who think, is the new 
system of feeding live stock. Present 
ideas which have grown from and out of 
old-time methods within comparatively re- 
cent years, put the whole feeding ques- 
tion on a truly scientific basis. The pro- 
portion and composition of foods is fully 
explained by agricultural science and wise 
breeders and feeders pay sufficient at- 
tention to the subject to reap benefit from 
it. Facts upon which the entire structure 
of cattle feeding business rest are so 
well attested that there Is no gainsay- 
ing them, and first and foremost in actu- 
al importance is the tonic idea. It teach- 
es one common^ense principle — no animal 
under continued strain of heavy feeding 
can make satisfactory growth or produc- 
tion without the digestive apparatus is 
strengthened to meet such strain. To at- 
tempt to bring a fine bunch of thrifty 
steers up to proper selling weight, or to 
get a large average production of milk 
from a herd of cows, leaving nature to 
settle alone the constant over-drafts 
made on "animal digestion by big. daily 
rntions of rich foods, is simply to upset 
the very end In view. If fatting cattle 
and cows In milk were always at liberty 
to select what instinct tells them Is best 
or pecessary. there would of course be no 
need of tonic. But here is where the dif- 
ficulty arises. Cattle can not choose or 
select for themselves, but must eat wh.it 
the feeder furnishes, and besides endure 
a stuffing process for weeks and months. 
Is It any wonder that an overtaxed and 
unassisted organism breaks under the 
strain? Give your cattle a tonic BOH I 
thing to strengthen digestion -and growth 
will be continuous because then there can 
bo no Interruption caused hv indigestion, 
loss «of appetite, or compilations -of a 
more serious nature. Another great ad- 
vantage In the tonic idea Is its economy. 
Cattle receiving It. because of greater ap- 
petite, eat more rough fodder and thus 
reduce feed MB*. Besides, it Is a well -at - 
tested f:«ct that there is great saving of 
nutriment where the tonlC I s given. which 
would otherwise enrich the manure heai>. 
Without going further Into ,1. tails, this 
nnr fart Stand* out above everything else 
In new farm, science — a "food tonic" Is a 
necessity. Eminent medical writers, such 
as Professors Wlnslow. Quitman and Fin- 
ley Pun. tell us certain elements are al- 
ways beneficial — bitter tonics, which aid" 
and strengthen digestion. Iron, well known 
as a blood builder, and nitrates, which 
act as cleansing agmts to remove poison- 
ous matter from animal system. These 
are the Ingredients found In th» tonic and 
healthy growth, production and condition 
are sure to follow In cattle, horses, she< i> 
or swine when these elements are given. 



Jam. 4, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER 



u-i 



INSTALLING A PUMPING OUTFIT 
ON THE FARM. 



Few men understand the workings 
of a pump or the principle upon which 
it works. The cylinder of the pump 
must be placed so that the water can 
be drawn up out of the well by the pis- 
ton or sucker above the lower check 
valve, which keeps the water from 
flowing back when the sucker is forced 
against it. Once the water has been 
drawn above the lower check valve it 
can be forced to any required hight 
or against almost any pressure. The 
cylinder must not be placed at a great- 
er distance than 25 feet from the con- 
stant water head if good results are 
wanted, but always aim to place the 



in case of emergency a greater quanti- 
ty of water can be placed at your dis- 
posal in a shorter time than could be 
accomplished by a smaller cylinder. 
If the stroke is too long it can be 
shortened at any time to any length 
desired. The suction pipe should be 
one and one-half inches in diameter 
and the discharge pipe should be one 
and one-fourth inches in diameter. If 
pumping against pressure, an air 
chamber should be placed upon the 
discharge pipe near the cylinder of 
the pump to relieve the water ham- 
mer or vibration from the piston in 
the cylinder, thus giving twice the life 
to the pump and making more even 
work for the windmill. 

If, after the cylinder and pipes are 




c/r 

.5 il@(M)0O2: 



/» — * 



1/ 



PUMPING WATER FROM WELL AND CISTERN WITH ONE PUMP CYLINDER. 



cylinder as. close to the water level 
as possible. 

The placing of the cylinder is one 
of the most vital points in settng up 
an outfit, as upon it depends the suc- 
cess of the plant. If the cylinder is 
placed too high above the water, the 
pump will not work. At the level of the 
sea we have an atmospheric pressure 
of 14.7 pounds to the square inch, or 
the equivalent of a head of water 
33.95 feet high. If the cylinder is placed 
33.95 feet above sea level, and the pis- 
ton or sucker is placed in motion, it 
will not draw water but will produce 
what is known as a vacuum, and no 
water can be obtained until the cylin- 
der is lowered. But few pumps will 
work on a greater lift than twenty- 
five feet and give satisfaction. As we 
travel inland the altitude becomes 
greater but the atmospheric pressure 
becomes less and we find that the 
pump will not lift water as high as it 
did at sea level before forming a vacu- 
um, for this reason the distance must 
be shortened between the cylinder and 
the water. 

At one-fourth mile above the sea lev- 
el we find the atmospheric pressure to 
be 14.02 pounds, or equivalent to a 
head of water 32.38 feet high, and the 
cylinder should be placed at or less 
than twenty-four feet above the water. 
If one-half mile above sea level place 
cylinder at twenty-three feet; if three- 
fourths mile above sea level place cyl- 
inder at twenty-one feet; one mile, 
twenty feet; one and one-fourth miles, 
nineteen feet; one and one-half miles, 
eighteen feet; two miles, seventeen 
feet. Once the water is drawn above 
the lower check valve, or valve at low- 
er end of cylinder, it can be forced 
to any hight desired. 

The three-inch cylinder with an 
eighteen-inch stroke is the kind that 
should be installed for many reasons. 
First, less friction results, which means 
less power for a given quantity of 
work; second, there will be less wear 
on valves than in a quicker stroke; 
third, less water hammer, and fourth, 



all connected, and the pump is pump- 
ing water, it should discharge air bub- 
bles with the water it is a sign that 
the suction pipes are not screwed, to- 
gether tightly, or there*may be a crack 
or a small hole in the pipes which ad- 
mits the air. If the piston or sucker, 
when drawn up and released, should 
fly back, it is a sign that the cylinder 
is too far from the water or that the 
suction pipe is too small or stopped up 
in some way. The proper size pipe to 
use is one and one-fourth inches, 
heavy, galvanized pipe from pump to 
storage tank. This pipe should pass as 
close to the house as possible, and 
where it passes the house a T connec- 
tion should be placed and a leg carried 
to the house. This saves the expense 
of piping from tank back to the house 
again. In laying pipes it is always best 
to run them in the most direct way 
and avoid all elbows possible. When 
the pipes are laid in the ground, place 
both hard and soft water pipes in the 
same ditch. 

After the pipes have bc"n layed thru 
the basement wall, a stop-cock should 
be placed upon both pipes so that all 
the water may be shut off immediately 
in case of accident with the pipes in 
the house or for making repairs or 
draining the pipes to keep from freez- 
ing. When the discharge pipe from 
pump enters the reservoir on hillside, 
a valve should be placed so that the 
water can be controlled at all times. 
When laying pipes in the ground, lay 
them well below the frost line and you 
will save a great deal of trouble and 
expense. 

The main cistern or tank for soft 
water should be ten feet deep by ten 
feet in diameter. This tank will hold 
about one hundred and fifty barrels of 
water, which will place the owner in 
a position that if his well goes dry he 
can pump from his cistern and always 
have water enough for his stock as well 
as having enough for his household 
use. In figuring the size of tank to be 
placed in attic of house to supply wa- 
ter for the kitchen, bath, etc., it will 



depend a great deal upon the number 
in the household and whether old 
or young. As a rule a tank four feet 
high by four feet in diameter, holding 
two hundred and eighty gallons, or 8.8 
barrels, will supply enough water for 
a family of five. The hard water stor- 
age tank placed in tank on the tower 
or in the barn should be large enough 
to supply about twenty gallons per 
head of stock kept and a liberal allow- 
ance should be made if the water is 
to be used upon the lawn or in the gar- 
den. 

The size of wind wheel is a very im- 
portant question and shouid be de- 
cided in just one way. That way is to 
have plenty of power at all times. The 
first cost of a mill may seem quite an 
item but upon keeping a strict account 
of all time and money spent for the 
same work which the wind mill will 
perform will show that the large 
wheels can be made to pay for them- 
selves and lighten the labor of all 
those who work upon the farm, besides 
doing odd jobs for your neighbors, 
such as grinding, etc. A little extra 
power is a good thing and costs but 
little more to purchase and nothing 
more to run. In placing your order for 
a machine remember that a good mill 
can be made to pay for itself in a 
great many ways, such as pumping, 
grinding feed, and running the separ- 
ator, churn, cutting box, pulper, and 
helping the wife to turn the washing 
machine. 

Pumping Hard and Soft Water With 
One Cylinder. In accompanying cut A 
and B represent check valves on soft 
water pipes. A keeps the water from 
flowing back to the cistern when the 
plunger descends to force it to the tank 
in attic or thru the valve B. Check- 
valve B keeps the water from flowing 
back to the cylinder after it once pass- 
es thru it. F is the valve which shuts 
off the soft water from the cylinder 
marked H. C and D answer the same 
purpose on the hard water pipes that 
A and B do on the soft water pipes, 
and G is a valve which shuts off the 
hard water from the cylinder H. H is 
the cylinder which draws the water 
from the well or cistern and forces it 
on up to the storage tanks. K is a 
triangle with a square hole on one cor- 
ner and marked I, and has holes for 
the rods marked J and E, which con- 
nect it with the valves F and G. L 
is the lever which is placed in the 
square hole marked I of triangle 
marked K, and to which the triangle 
is secured, and passes up thru the 
platform by the use of which the 
valves marked F and G are controlled. 
R is a pipe which leads to the three 
way valve marked P, which is called 
the emergency valve. M and N are 
check-valves on the emergency pipes 
which keep the water from flowing 
back to the cylinder H. S and T are 
main valves which close off the wa- 
ter in case of an accident with the 
check valves where they have to be re- 
moved for repairs. 

This system is working today and is 
giving perfect satisfaction. When 
first installed, it pumped hard water 
alone but I wished to change it so as 
to pump soft water as well. Then the 
cost of a cylinder and pump jack came 
up and by a little planning and little 
expense, the money which was to be 
spent for a cylinder and pump jack 
was saved. The system is operated 
thus: To pump hard water the lever 
marked L is turned to the left, which 
opens valve G and at the same time 
closes valve F. This makes the cylin- 
der draw water thru the check-valve 
C and discharge thru D. To pump soft 
water, reverse lever L by turning it to 
the right, which closes valve G and 
opens valve F. This makes the cylin- 
der draw water thru check-valve A, 
and discharge it thru check-valve B. 

After I had made the change so as 
to pump both hard and soft water 
with only one cylinder, I came to the 
time when the hard water gave out. 
Having plenty of soft water I want- 
ed to pump that for the stock. I con- 
nected what I call the emergency 
pipes, shown as R. This makes it pos- 
sible to pump either hard or soft wa- 
ter into either pipe by simply turning 
the three-way valve P, so that the wa- 
ter passes thru it into the pipes de- 
sired; then close either valve T or S 
which will make the water go where 
you want it to. Thus to pump soft wa- 
ter into hard w-.-'er pipes, throw lever 
L to the ri<,lr: au*3 open valve P. so 



3—3 

that it allows the water to pass thru 

check valve M into the hard water 
pipes. Then close valve T, which com- 
pels the water to travel thru pipes 
marked R, valve P and r'leck valve M 
to. hard water pipes. To pump hard 
water into soft water pipes, reverse 
lever L and valve P, and open valve T 
and close valve S. Valves S and T 
should nevenbe-left closed except when 
pumping into opposite pipes. Pipes R 
and valve P should never be used ex- 
cept in emergency cases, also valves 
T and S. 

This cylinder and piping was placed 
in a space four feet square and all 
valves were operated from the plat- 
form without stopping the mill, which 
can be run at the highest speed and 
yet changed from hard water to soft 
water simply by turning lever L. This 
mill has a 14-foot wheel and developes 
from seven to ten horse-power, accord- 
ing to the wind, and runs a separator, 
churn, washing machine, pulper. grind- 
er, saw, lathe, fanning mill and cutting 
box, and turns the clothes wringer for 
the lady of the house. — Sam'l MacWat- 
ters, Cuyahoga Co., O. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Improved Package Transportation.— 
"Why could not mail and express par- 
ages be carried by electric suspension 
railway — the cars controlled by telephon- 
age, the lines connecting with each town 
and extending east and west and north 
and south, forming squares or rectangu- 
lar spaces? The packages carried at cost, 
the system owned and operated by the 
government, as the postoffice department 
is, and not by a private company; carry- 
ing the packages at very reasonable prof- 
it above actual cost of tranportation be- 
ing subject to and regulated by the gov- 
ernment in every way? C. F. H., New 
Lexington. O.— This could be done, if the 
government would undertake it. perhaps. 
Private enterprise has been considering ' 
the elevated trolley plan, but it has not 
yet been worked out to a practical basis. 
We believe it will be done, however, and 
it would greatly facilitate mail service. 

Oil Lease.— Thomas H.. New Plymouth, 
O.: We have no forms for oil lease. The 
companies that take leases have the 
terms all drawn up in regular form. anG 
they will usually not lease on any other 
terms. They usually grant one-sixth of 
the oil to the lessor, we believe. Better 
see an attorney who is familiar with the 
business. We have submitted your 
query to our legal adviser, and he may 
be able to help you, later on. 

Scum and Moss in Water Tanks. — I a i 
building a concrete stock tank for run- 
ning water. Would copper sulfate incor- 
porated in the concrete prevent scum and 
moss on sides of tank? If so. how much 
should be used per cu. ft. of concrete? 
Stream of water will fill an inch pipe. G. 
S. H.. Poland, O.-We do not think it 
would do any good, as copper sulfate is 
soluble and that on the surface would 
soon wash away. If any reader can an- 
swer this from experience, please do so. 

Partition Fence. — A and B own adjoin- 
ing farms. A public highway runs along 
the end of the farms and takes twenty 
feet from each. A takes as his share of 
the partition fence the end next to the 
highway. Should A compute his one-half 
from the middle of the highway or from 
the actual end of the highway? W. H. C. 
— A dispute of this kind is one that can 
be authoritatively settled only by the 
township trustees, but it is very probable 
that they would consider that A should 
build one-half of the actual length of the 
fence.— H. L. S. 



Loss of Profit In Cows. 



Milk being the first source of profit for 
the dairyman, decrease of milk is ihe 
most quickly recognized source of loss. 
Often the falling off in milk is attributed 
to indefinite malady of "poor condition." 
But poor condition is result of some def- 
inite disease. usually from contagious 
abortion germs working on cows. The f- 1 
that would be transformed into milk is 
being used up to sustain the vitality "f 
the animal in the fight against th-> dis- 
ease, If not arrested in time, a second, 
and quite as serious a loss will be suffered' 
— -that of the calf which the cow is rally- 
ing. Then the further loss of milk and 
often barrenness result. In addition to all 
this, the abortion infected cow infects 
the entire herd, causing accumulated loss- 
es. "The only sure way of keeping cows 
in condition." says Dr. David Roberts. 
Wisconsin State Veterinarian, "is to ex- 
amine them frequently for symptoms of 
abortion, and take prompt action to stamp 
out the disease." Dr.Roberts' book."Pr;'f- 
tical Home Veterinarian," tells how to 
discern symptoms of the disease, how to 
treat and cure the cows, as well as giv- 
ing expert information on all live stock, 
their diseases, and treatment. Bound in 
cloth, fully illustrated, and sent to any 
keeper of stock who will state the num- 
ber of live stock of different varieties he 
owns, enclose 10 cents for postage, to 
Dr. David Roberts Veterinary Co., 920 
Grand Ave., Waukesha, Wis. 



For marking stock the pure aluminum 
clinch button manufactured by F. ?. 
Burch & Co. of Chicago, can not well H»- 
improved upon. Owner's name and ad- 
dress as well as individual numbers for 
each animal are impressed upon it. It is 
strong, light and neat. 



1 — <£ 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jax. 4, 1908. 



LIVE STOCK 



FATTENING CATTLE ON SILAGE. 



The accompanying cut shows a drove 
of cattle which wc-e fed on silage, in 
an experiment conducted by J. Q. 
Sehmuck of Stark Co., O. Mr. Schmuck 
had been informed, and was under 
the impression, that beef catt'e feed- 
ing could be made a success on silage 
alone. He accordingly built one of 
the best silos that 
could be obtained and 
filled it with good si- 
lage corn. The silage 
kept perfectly, and he 
found that all of his 
cattle ate it with rel- 
ish, even preferring 
it to good hay. For 
three months he fed 
his cattle nothing but 
silage, but found that 
they were not making 
any perceptible gains. 
Then he added a fair 
ration of corn and oats 
chop to the silage ra- 
tion, and his cattle im- 
mediately showed im- 
provement. They 
gained about three 
pounds in the same 
time that they were 
making one pound on 
the silage alone. His 
cattle were sold in the 
Eastern markets last 
spring at a very satis- 
factory price. He feels 
sure that the silage is 
a valuable feed and 
he will continue in the 
cattle feeding busi- 
ness.— S., Stark Co.,0. 

Silage alone, with a 
nutritive ratio of near- 
ly 1 to 14, will not do. 
Fattening cattle 
should have a ration 
not wider than 1 to 7. Feeding in warm 
quarters, the ratio should be from 1: 
6% to 1:6%.— Eds. 



tically all that is needed to balance the 
corn ration. Practically all those who 
raise hogs to any considerable extent 
find' it necessary to feed without this 
valuable adjunct. 

The most commonly used and ( un- 
less restricted by prohibitive prices) 
the best supplementary feed for those 
who can not have milk, is mill feed. 
It is remarkable that fifty years ago 
the value of this product was prac- 
tically unknown. The old-time miller 
was wont to shovel a large part of his 
offal out of the back door into the 
creek. But gradually the value of the 




WINTER HOG FEEDING. 



To winter a hog is one thing, to win- 
ter him profitably is quite another. If 



SCOTCH GOODS. CHAMPION SHORTHORN BULL AT 
1907 INTERNATIONAL. 

product became known; fifteen to 
twenty years ago, when the writer be- 
gan farming for himself, it sold at 
from six to ten dollars per ton. Soon 
the price ranged higher and higher, un- 
til at present it is well nigh prohib- 
itive — selling now at about $25 per ton, 
and millers claim they will get $30 



more economical source of the other el- 
ements. With this in view, we have 
in addition to the wheat products, glu- 
ten meal, linseed meal, digester tank- 
age, cotton seed meal and dried blood. 
The digestible content of these are, 
respectively, 25, 29, 31, 37 and 52 per- 
cent, while the wheat products carry 
about 12 percent. Let us now endeav- 
or to ascertain which, if any, of these 
are more economical than mill feed. 
Gluten meal, altho very valuable, is 
useful chiefly as a dairy feed. Being a 
corn product, it is doubtful whether 
its protein content is relatively valu- 
able for use in conjunction with corn. 
The few tests that have been made 
show that this feed has no particular 
inducement to the hog raiser. Linseed 
meal, tho a great conditioner and with- 
al a very desirable product to be used 
in a limited way in connection with 
other feeds, is not an' economical 
source of protein. It has, however, an 
excellent effect upon the digestion, and 
every feeder should have at all times 
a supply at hand from which a small 
amount may be used daily. There is 
nothing available that will so plainly 
show its effect in the sleek coat and 
general appearance of the animals. 
Evidently a large amount of this 
product is used in the manufac- 
ture of high-priced condimental 
stock foods. Cotton seed meal, tho 
sometimes used, can not be serious- 
ly considered, as repeated experience 
has shown it to be very unsafe, not 
alone for hogs but for all classes of 
stock. Even when fed in conjunction 
with other feeds and with the greatest 
precaution, animals frequently sicken 
and die from its effects. Blood meal, 
while the richest of all feeds in pro- 
tein, is so very expensive that its use 
is not practical except in a remedial 
way. 

It is in digester tankage that we 
have at present the most economical 
source of protein as applied to hog 
feeding. Even in past years when mill 
feed was much lower in price than at 
present, this product could easily be 
fed to advantage; so under present 
conditions we think its use almost im- 
perative. An animal product, rich in 
protein and comparatively inexpensive, 
it is an ideal hog feed, serving all the 
ordinary purposes of such feeds and 
in addition catering to the carnivorous 
appetite of his hogship. It will of 




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The. DEPOSITORS' SAVINGS & TRUST COMPANY, 
Tom L.Johnson, Pres., Cleveland, Ohio. 




Warranted to Give Sat Infection. 

Gombault's 

Caustic Balsam 




Has Imitators But No Competitors. 

A Safe, Speedy and Positive Cure for 
Curb, Splint, Sweeny, Capped Hock, 
Strained Tendons, Founder, Wind 
Puffs, and all lamenesa from Spavin, 
Ringbone and other bony tumor*. 
Cures all skin diseases or Parasites, 
Thrush, Diphtheria. Remove! all 
Bunches from Horses or Cattle. 
As a Human Remedy for Rheumatism, 

Sprains, Sore Throat, etc., it Is invaluable. 
Erery bottle of Caustic Balaam sold fa 

Warranted to irive satisfaction. Price SI 60 

per bottle. Sold by druggists, or sent by ex. 

press, charges paid, witn full directions for 

its use. t'vT'Send for descriptive circulars, 

testimonials, etc. Address 

The Lawrence-Williams Co., Cleveland, 0. 




Symptoms of Worms 

Yonr horse has worms if he 
has any of these symptom a : 
III health — poor BOftdttfOtl 
— mm;h coat — scurvy dry 
nWin — dandruff — i (chins? - - 
hide hound — pot belly — col- 
icky pains — bloating morn- 
ings — scouring — pawing — 
Hwitching — rubbing tail — 

turn In*; up" lip bad breath — fits — ncrvon*n« 

— diarrhea — sometimes constipation — miip.-n* 
around rectum— and the passage of large or 
small worms or their eggs. 

Dr. Fair's New Worm Remedy 

Kills worms, bnts and bowel parasites; can be 
safely fed to brood mares, and Is a great tonic 
nnd conditioner. 

For 25c 

- ci nn 

livr limes :is in it n ) lor • 

Dr. Fair Veterinary Remedy Company, 

I71MTM CARNEGIE AVE.. CLEVELAND. 



THICK, SWOLLEN GLANDS 



that make ahorse Wriocrc, 

have Thick Wind, or CbokO- 
dowD, can be removed « ith 



yVBSORBINE 



J. Q. SCHMICKS SILAGE-FED STEERS. 



not properly managed, the stockman 
may find himself among those who have 
failed to realize a satisfactory profit, 
but if given the necessary thought and 
care there is a very reasonable chance 
of success. To successfully feed, re- 
quires more than corn, cold water and 
fresh air. All of these are essential, 
however, and it is well to see that 
ihey are provided. And lucky, indeed, 
is the feeder who has a sufficient sup- 
ply of milk, for therein ho has prac- 



hefore spring. 

In view of this unprecedented con- 
dition, one halts for consideration. He 
feels that this important commodity 
must he dispensed with to some extent 
at least. Casting about, we find that 
other commercial feeds have not ad- 
vanced in proportion to mill feed. It 
will doubtless be understood that in 
purchasing supplementary feeds it is 
largely a matter of the digestible pro- 
tein content, as we have in corn a 



or anr Bunch or SwclUnu 
caused by strain or Inflam- 
mation. No blister, no 
li:ilr tone, and hor>e ke; t 
at work. #2 00 per bottle, de- 
livered. IWk »-C free. 

AitSOltlUNK. .11!., Tor minkind. f 
livorcd. Cures Goitre, Tumor-, Varlco.ve Veil s 
ll\ drocele. Varicocele. Hook free. Made only I r 
W F YOUNG P D F.. 60 Monmouth Si . Sjnnohtld.Mass 




course be understood that tankage is 
not adapted to use for other classes of 
stock. Being highly concentrated, it 
can not with propriety be fed alone, 
but must be mixed with some bulky 
substance. Kven at present prices, j 
wheat bran is the most desirable ar- 1 
tide for this purpose. Being very 
1 i p lit and bulky and mixing readily 
with tankage, the mixture when com- 
pounded as suggested below, is as pal- 
■table and nutritious as June grass. 




MAKEYOURHORSE 

YOUR FRIEND 



brinr* fall trf.rmati*ti t 

PROF. J. J. BEERY, 



nVi » rvtd bora* he'll 
be heller. If ficiooa or hu 
be promptly and permanent it 
n. An roc* can do tt Posui 
Wnlc tndftT. 
Pltuaut Hill, Ohi 



SURE CURE FOR PILES 

ITCHING Tiles prodnce moist are and cause itchinir. 
This form, as well aa Blind, Bleodmeor Protruding 
Pile* are .-nr. : > Dr. Bos.inko'sPile Remedy 
Stop* it<*ninft ana bleediojr. Absorbs tumors, fioc a 
•Isr at d ruffe '*f * or aent by mail. Treat ise free. Writ e 
me about your caae. I)R BOSAXKO, PhiU4*.,Pa. 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER 



5-5 



As a ration for fifty shotes, we use 30 
pounds of bran, 20 bounds tankage, 2 
pounds linseed meal, one-half pint salt 
and enough milk, kitchen slop or wa- 
ter in the order of their availability, to 
reduce the mixture to a mortar-like 
constituency. It might be well to say 
that it is not best to dilute this or any 
other mixture to an extent that will 
compel the animal to consume more 
water than is needed. It must be un- 
derstood that this mixture is fed but 
once a day, corn constituting the re- 
mainder of the feed. 

Referring to the relative value and 
cost of millfeed and tankage, we find 
that the actual value of their protein 
content is as 18 to 44. That is, when 
the former is selling at $18 per ton 
the latter is as well worth $44. Now 
that millfeed is selling at $25 per ton, 
tankage would be worth $61+ per ton. 
As a matter of fact, the latter can be 
bought for approximately one-tlr^d 
less than that amount, making it at 
once a comparatively economical ar- 
ticle. And when we consider not alone 
the protein but the total content, the 
relative value is not essentially 
changed. 

As an adjunct to winter feeding, we 
sowed an area in rye which will be 
used as a pasture when conditions per- 
mit. Being very hardy, this cereal will 
grow more or less thruout the winter 
and may be used on days when the 
ground is frozen unless, of course, the 
presence of snow prevents. When hogs 
are on this pasture the protein may be 
diminished. Bluegrass pasture wll al- 
so be used in suitable weather. — H. E. 
Tweed, Brown Co., O. 

South Dakota found that in a ration 
of barley and rape in a three-months' 
feeding test, the addition of 531 
pounds of tankage worth $10.62 caused 
a saving of $3.06 woith of grain and 
produced 127 pounds extra gain, o/or 
a similar lot fed on rape a: d bar ley 
alone. This extra gain at 4 cents a 
Itund was worth $5.08, but deducting 
the $5.08 and the $3.06 saved on other 
feed, makes a loss of $2.48 for the lot. 

The Nebraska Experiment Station 
conducted a test of tankage fed with 
corn and shorts. In one test the best 
gains were obtained with a ration con- 
sisting of 95 percent soaked corn and 
5 percent tankage. When the tankage 
was increased to make 10 percent cf 
the ration, it increased the cost enough 
to offset the gain in pounds. 

The Iowa Experiment Station found 
that a ration consisting of five parts 
corn -and ore pari, digester tankage 
yielded 34 percent greater net profits 
than a ration of corn alone. 

The Purdue Station obtained best 
results by combining one part of tank- 
age with 10 parts of corn and shorts. 

The Michigan Station found that di- 
gester tankage was just about equal 
to skim-milk in a ration for young 
pigs and easily paid for itself in a ra- 
tion with corn for fattening hogs. 



SWINE PLAGUE. 



I am losing my fall pigs with a dis- 
ease which I suppose is cholera, as 
their feces is thin and blackish, and 
a good many have spasms or fits. I 
weaned 159 pigs in October, from 19 
sows, and I thought they were the 
best bunch I had ever weaned, and I 
have been raising about 250 to 300 per 
year for some time. I aim to take good 
care of them and feed these, as I usu- 
ally do, a thick slop of hominy feed 
and some oil meal with salt added, and 
occasionally copperas. Most of the 
pigs which have died wasted away and 
lingered a couple of weeks, but now 
they are dropping off faster. I had a 
few of my sows off their feed a few I 
days but they have all apparently got 
well. At first I thought these pigs were 1 
wormy but now it looks like cholera. 
They sleep in a 16x28 house ( cement 
floor) divided into 8 pens with an al- 
leyway so they can pile up very handi- 
ly. Now will you please have some of 
your readers who have gone thru this 
plague adviss me as to whether I had 
better «ut out the hogs for a year or 
whether by taking precaution, such as 
cleaning up with zenoleum and lime, 
I can raise pigs next year in the same 
place provided my sows raise me any 
pigs next spring. I feed cattle arid need 
the hogs. Please give a worm specific 
which can be fed in slop, and which 
pigs will eat without starving them 
to it, and that will knock the worms 
out. Any advice along these lines will 



Do Healthy Animals 
Need A Tbivm? 




diet as Nature intended. We 
must remember, however, that 
the animal domesticated is sub- 
ject to unnatural conditions. The 
feeder is striving to make a iooo 
lb. steer in a year's time when Nature would 
take much longer. He is making a 200 lb. hog 
in one-fourth the period unassisted growth 
would require for the same operation. More 
than this, he is asking the cow, whose capacity 
for milk secretion was limited to the brief in- 
fancy of the calf, to do violence to Nature's plan 



tancy ot uie calf, to do violence to Nature s plan 
and produce milk for eleven months. Now, of course, extra production means extra food, 
extra food, if long continued, means a deranged digestive system. Hence it is easy to 
it even a healthv animal continuously overfed needs the assistance of a corrective tnnic. 



>u, 11 lung cuuuuueu, meaim a ueiau^cu uigesuve system. tieiice 11 IS easy to 

healthy animal continuously overfed needs the assistance of a corrective tonic. 

D B HESS STOCK FGSD 

the prescription of Dr. Hess (M.D., D. V. S.) contains elements which the most advanced medical science recom- 
mends for the conditions we are considering — iron for the blood — bitter tonics for digestion aud nitrates to expel 
poisonous matter. It gives appetite for roughage, thus saving more costly foods and by increasing assimilation 
saves nutriment that would otherwise enrich the manure heap. Dr. Hess Stock Food makes more milk, hastens the fatting 
of a steer or hog aud is the best known tonic preparation for horses. Sold on a written guarantee. 

100 lbs. $5.00; 25 lb. pail $1.60i E ^*&£r ta 

Smaller quantities at a Blight advance ) West and South 

Where Dr. Hess. Stock Food differs in particular is in the dose— it's small and fed hut twice a day, which proves it lias the most digestive strength 
to the pound. Our Government recognizes Dr. Mess Stock Food as a medicinal compound and this paper is back of the guarantee. 

Free from the 1st to the 1 Oth of each month — Dr. Hess, (M. D., t>. V. S.) will prescribe fur your ailing animals. You can have his 96-page 
Veterinary Book any time for the asking. Mention this paper. 

DR. HESS & CLARK, Ashland, Ohio. 
Also Manufacturers of Dr. Hess Fonltry Pan-a-ce-a and Instant Louse Killer. Instant Loose Killer Ellis Lice. 



the Worms 




Just look at this poor shoat 
through the X-ray magnifying 
glass. See that section of intes- 
tines? 107 thorn-headed worms were 
attached to it. Fierce, isn't it ? 
When these worms are attached to the 
intestines — heads buried — it's a dead shoat 
on your hands — a certain dead loss. Save your shoats by occasional 
feeds of Iowa Worm Powder. It kills the worms that kill the shoats. 

P — you've never fed 
L&JL8. IOWA WORM POWDER 

i&^L we 'N senc * y° u a $ 1 * 00 package free, if 
you'll send us 25c, so that we shan't be 
out anything for postage or packing. Write today to 

Dept. L Iowa Stock Food Co., Jefferson, Iowa 



Write For CRPE RDflK Now—Today 

EST. 1867 ^cTYJES""*^^ DUUI\ HAv n7n . INC 1902 



STOCK OWNERS 

ATTENTIO N 

1 25 of the mo=t valuable, .practical Stock Rem 
edies ever printed, includiui; Condition Powders 
Tonics. etc. Why not put such things up yourself: 
know what you are feediDg your Stock and save 
100 to 3(10 percent? For many years D. B. Free- 
man lias been gathering tried aud tested Receipts 
from the best Stock Growers of the United 
States and Canada — Remedies that they ''swear 
by." He has conceived the idea of putting 
them in a little booklet, convenient for the 
pocket, which he calls "The Stock Owners' 
Pocket Companion." This little booklet of 
125 Rare Receipts, printed on linen pap«r,enclosed 
in a leather (Morocco) case or pocket book, 
will be mailed to any address for 50 Cents. It 
also contains a short Practical Treatise on the 
care of Poultry and how to get 200 eggs per year 
per hen. Send for it Today, and if it doesn't prove 
the best investment you ever made, or if by its 
use you don't save Dollars for every Nickel 
invested, say so and we will return your money. 
References anv Bank. F. B. DICKERSON CO., 
Publr., No. lOLightner Bldg., Detroit, Mich. 

MINERAL 

HEAVE 
REMEDY 



6 \St' 6 6,4 C6 & H 12 

Sent on Trial— Freight Paid 

Grind Corn and Cobs, Feed and Table Meal. 

10 lbs. to 70 bushels per hour; ball bearing; easy running. Shipped from 
Philadelphia or Chicago. Send for free catalogue to 

■ THE A. W. STRAUS CO., 3737-39-41 Filbert Street, Philadelphia, Pa. ■ 




SAFE 

CERTAIN 



Mineral Heave Rented:' Co.. 462 Fourth Ave.. Pittsbu 



Sharon Valley Stock Farm G 



W. Crawford, Prop. 
Newarh, Ohio. 




Galls 
Burns 
Cuts 
Foot-rot 
Qulttor 
Scratches 
Caked bag 
Dry hoof 
Quarter era 
Sand crack 
Mange 
Calk 
etc. 



by 



1056 Niagar 



These can all be cured 
Sozo-nux, the new 
remedy, or If not. your 
money back. You need- 
n't keep three or four 
things on hand. Sozo- 
nux does it all and bet- 
ter. Works on a new 
scientific basis, kilts all 
germs, keeps part plia- 
ble and healthy, and 
heals quickly. New hoof 
grows down perfect — 
ck not diseased. Buy of 
your harness dealer or 
if he hasn't it, of us. 
25c. 50c, $1.00 (quart) 
sizes sent prepaid on 
receipt of price. 
BARNES CO 

St Buffalo N Y 



The great barns of the noted stOCB farm at Newark, 
Ohio, contain a fine lot of choice BELGIAN and PER- 
CH ERON and GERMAN COACH stallions and mares. 

Running in age from 1 to 5 years, weighing from 1.500 
to 2,100 lb. All horses are fo r sale on reasonable terms. 
Cash or bankable notes of 1, 2 and 3 years. 

The right types can be found at the Sharon Valley 
Stock Farm which is located 1% miles west of the 
courthouse. Intending purchasers 1 send for catalog. 
Bell phone 651 W; Cit zens' phone 266. 
Yours, 

G. W. CRAWFORD, NewarK, Ohio. 



Summer's Worm Powders 

Sheep, Horses & Hogs 

Fed to millions of animals 
eTery year. Powders never 
fail to removD worms and 
prevent farther attacks. 
In popular use 25 years. 
Price Sib. Pck. 50 cent*. ? lb. IN k. #1.00. 
Send for FREE catalogue of Stockmen's Supplies. 

F. S. BURCH & CO., 177 Illinois St., Chicago. 




KEROSENE ENGINES 



Great Saving of Cost in Operating 
Gasolene Engines— £ .. k V 



15,18,30 Horse Power. Manufactured solely by THE TEMPLE PUMP CO., loth and Meagher Streets, CHICAGO, iLLlXJl 



6-6 

be greatly appreciated. — Geo. H. Kirk- 
patrick. 

Mr. K. has given a very good descrip- 
tion of the conditions existing in his 
herd of swine, but I could have a bet- 
ter opinion of ju what to do if I 
knew how old his pigs were when they 
were weaned. There is nothing like 
milk for late fall pigs, and as Mr. K. 
is a cattle feeder it is to be presumed 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 4, 190?. 



BUTCHERING DEVICE. 




HANDY BrTCIIF.RIXO DEVICE 



that he does not keep very many cows, 
and he may have weaned them too 
young so that they, the sows, could be 
Tbred to farrow early in the spring, as 
le describes a good piggery or farrow- 
ing house where he can care for little 
pigs at any season of the year by the 
aid of a coal stove. 

Half middlings and half hominy 
meal would have been much better for 
lis young pigs than all hominy meal, 
then add enough oilmeal to form 10 
percent of their entire feed, and he 
would have had a more balanced ra- 
tion that would have been better for 
jhis pigs; but during October there is 
plenty of grass so that the pigs could 
find somethng besides what they were 
fed to make a balanced ration. I judge 
from what our brother infers, that he 
weaned his pigs by shutting them 
away from the sxjws and confining 
them to the hog-house. It has been my 
experience that it is far better to pen 
up the sows and let the pigs go, instead 
of shutting up the pgs and letting the 
sows go. 

Many of the so-called cases of "chol- 
era" are brought on by confining the 
pigs to small pens or lots where they 
can not have access to green feed and 
mineral matter that is so useful to 
keep them in a healthy condition. The 
pig is a great doctor and if you will 
give him a good chance he will take 
care of himself and not be bothered 
with worms to an extent to do him in- 
jury. If little pigs must be confined 
there is nothing better for them than 
charcoal and lye mixed in their feed — 
concentrated lye preferred, with a lit- 
tle copperas. In extreme cases use 
turpentine, which must be used very 
carefully and administered with a 
spoon. Watch Dr. Fair's remedies in 
the veterinary department, for he 
knows more about it than I do. He 
makes a study of the remedies while I 
make a study of the causes and pre- 
ventives. 

Fixed as you are, I would never 
think of dropping out of the swine 
business because of a little bad luck. 
Keep your pigs confined about your 
hog-house until you ar satisfied the 
disease has run its course, then take 
an old-fashioned sprinkli g pot and sat- 
urate the floors, side walls and parti- 
tions that you can not remove, with 
kerosene oil, or some good disinfect- 
ant; open the doors and windows so 
that It will freeze good and hard, and 
you need have no fears of the disease 
appearing again in the spring. I do 
not see any reason why your sows 
should not breed again. The last time 
we had "swine plague" we kept our 
hogs confined to the yards and enclos- 
ures around the hog-house and after 
it was over we renovated everything 
and in the spring pitched in heavier 
than ever, and came out all right. The 
greatest danger comes from old rub- 
bish that has not been removed from 
their sleeping quarters. — Walter S. 
Tomlinson. 

(See veterinary department for 
worm remedy.) 



The accompanying sketch shows 
most of the outfit used in butchering 
ia this neighborhood. The tripod is 
made of three light poles 16 feet long. 
They can be moved in the right posi- 
tion to bang the hogs. We use a single 
and a double block. The tackle blocks 
and also the tripod are useful in many 
other wsys. What I wish to call atten- 
tion to is the method of heating water. 
Take a piece of iron tubing at least 
15 feet long, with threads on one end. 
Make a hole in the barrel 3 or 4 inch- 
es from the bottom, screw in the pipe 
and drive a plug in the other end. We 
use a two-inch pipe; the pipe should 
lay so that when the right amount of 
water is in the barrel the pipe will be 
full and about 6 inches from the 
ground where the fire is built. The 
water will heat as quick as by any 
other method and when 
once hot, by keeping a 
little fire on the pipe it 
can be easily kept hot 
as long as desired, tem- 
pering it down with cold 
water when ready to 
scald. If it is desired to 
work in a building, have 
the pipe long enough to 
place the fire away from 
the building, and have 
the barrel inside. — G. B. 
Cox, Monroe Co., O. 



Feed plenty of good clover or alfalfa 
hay and keep corn in self-feeder all the 
time. I will insure them to get fat. In 
shipping your lambs, leave the culls 
on the farm. Sell to local market. I 
have always prided myself on having 
them fancy and well fatted. Brother 
feeder, spend much time in their com- 
pany, and success surely will crown 
your labors, .hey will pay a hand- 
some profit on the investment. — J M. 
Yeazell, Clark Co., O. 



AMERICAN DELAINE-.MERINO REC- 
ORD ASSOCIATION. 



OHIO LAMB FEEDER— 25 YEARS' 
EXPEERIENCE. 



The Western bred lambs, especially 
from Montana ranges, are far superior 
for feeding than native bred. In the 
first place they are more healthy. They 
make larger gains. I have fed as many 
as a thousand in the winter. They are 
good sellers. I think them far in ad- 
vance of natives. I remember well the 
first few hundred I had on feed. They 
were the first in this part of Ohio. Oth- 
er feeders came 50 miles to see them, 
and they, as well as the writer, did not 
take strong to them. But by selling 
time we changed our minds. They 
were the first of the Western lambs on 
the Buffalo market, and had to sell 
under native lamb price. But as the 
lamb feeding grew in popularity the 
Western soon topped the market. 

In selecting feeding lambs in Chica- 
go, one has to throw out the inferior 
ones, as a rule. To have a band of good 
feeders one should be well posted. If 
not, he should employ a commission 
buyer to assist. They should be smooth, 
short legs, level back, short neck, and 
stand square on their feet, and of live- 
ly appearance. After you have got 
them home sort them up in different 
feed yards. Put much time in their 
company; it will pay to stay in com- 
pany of any stock, for success. 

Feeding of the Western lambs is not 
particularly different from feeding na- 
tives. I fed mainly corn, oats, and 
bran, tho I never mix them. If oats 
and corn are fed together they will 
invariably eat out the oats, then the 
corn is just a little mussy, and often 
will have to be taken out and fed to 
the hogs. Bran will stick to other 
grain and they don't do well together. 
So, in my experience, I feed in separ- 
ate self-feeders. A small allowance of 
corn meal and salt sprinkled on the 
edge of self-feeder will cause them to 
lick clean and at the same time keep 
sweet. Oil meal is much relished by 
lambs and helps greatly in the fine fin- 
ish obtained in my feeding. I sift wood 
ashes, sprinkle salt, mix well, and dust 
on edge of self-feeder. Clover or alfal- 
fa hay, nicely cured, is of much ac- 
count in the progress of fatting lambs. 
Musty hay of any kind is harmful and 
often causes cough, and throws them 
off the grain rations for a day or more; 
then being hungry, they gorge them- 
selves, causing gastric bloat, and then 
the} drink too much water. To fully 
understand this bloat, they stand 
humped up. swell stiff, and sometimes 
cough up their grain. This is not so 
much to be dreaded as the stiffness : 
for this I usually walk them for sev- 
eral hours. 

I often feed powdered sulfur; this 
will drive away the ticks, if any. Do 
not feed too much at a time; mix it In 
salt; they relish it more readily Keep 
thorn in the dry. If they get wet. they 
will take cold. The sulfur opens the 
pores. I try to find out what thov 
want Give small allowance of sulfur. 



The second annual meeting of this 
association will be held at the Great 
Southern Hotel. Columbus, O., Jan. 13 
and 14. A very interesting program 
has been provided. The opening ses- 
sion will be called to order Monday 
evening, 7:30. Gov. Harris will make 
the address of welcome, response by 
J. C. Wood of Delaware. Then come 
the reports of secretary and treasur- 
er, election of officers, and other busi- 
ness affairs. Tuesday morning, Jan. 
14, at 9:30, W. N. Cowden will make 
the opening address, on "Value of Ped- 
igree." Geo. M. Wilber, the president, 
will speak on "The Delaine sheep as a 
money-maker,;; Geo. E. Helser, on 
r 'The fleece of the American Merino;" 
T. D. Harmon, subject not given; Max. 
Chapman, on "The care of the breed- 
ing ewe;" A. T. Gamber, on "Treat- 
ment of lamb till one year old;" a pa- 
per by Frank E. Moore of the Shep- 
herds' Criterion; R. H. Pengilly, on 
"English and American feeding com- 
pared;" Paul P. Gurney, J. W. Mon- 
roe, H. P. Miller (as representative of 
the Ohio Farmer), Prof. Geo. R. 
Round of the U. S. Bureau of Animal 
Industry, R. A. Hayne, E. M. Moore of 
Michigan, Col. L. D. Burch, L. A.Web- 
ster (artist) of Vermont, and C. S. 
Chapman are other speakers, all on im- 
portant subjects. The meeting prom- 
ises to be one of great interest and it 
will pay every sheep breeder, sheep 
feeder and wool grower to attend. Spe- 
cial rates have been secured for at- 
tendants, at the hotel. For program 
and other information, address the sec- 
retary, S. M. Cleaver, Delaware, O. 



MOOR S STOCK FOOD. 
Direct from the Makers to You, 
A Better Food for Less Money. 

When you buy a stock food from a dealer 
you pay four profits. You pay the dealer, you 
pay ttiejobber.you pay thesalesmanaudyou 
pay the maker. Thatis why the price is high. 

When you buy Moor's you buv at wholesale. 
You pay the actual cost of making with only 
one manufacturer's profit addi d. Yon save 
from $'2.00 to J9.W) percwt..and get a better 
food. We prove this to you by sending a 25 
pound bucket absolutely on 

FREE TRIAL 

freight prepaid, no money in advance. Use the 
food as directed, keep it for a month, try !t 
under every condition.thi n if you are satis- 
fied that Moor's isa betterfood forless money 
send U9$1.5u. If you are not satisfied send back 
what Is left and the free trial will not cost you 
one penny. 

Hemember you pay no money until we 
prove to you that our food is all that we claim. 
You are the sole Judge. Don't M Tl.i,; 
All you have to do to take advantage of this 
liberal oiler Is to write us a postal or letter 
saying that you will give the fooda trial on 
your own farm. Ton't put this off as this 
offer Is good for only a short time. 

Inaddition to this we have prepared a book 
for you that tells all about live stock and their 
diseases, A bandy new up-to-date farmer's 
Veterinary Adviser t- at would costvou|1.00 
in any book store. If you will write us to-day 

_ we will send you a copy free of charge. 

■ Write for the book to-day w hether vou order 

B the food or not. It is free. 

V . Whatever you do don't let 
•jfl anybody any where sell you a 
^^^stock food at any price until 



You Have Written to 

MOOR & MOOR, 

Box No. 2, 

College Corner, 0. 




oave-The Horse v SpavinCure. 




Silage for Sheep. — Please publish any 
experience you know of in feeding silage 
to sheep. Is there a book on the subject? 
Li. E. W., Huntington, O. — A number of 
our readers have given their experience 
in feeding silage to sheep in years past. 
They find it all right when fed with dis- 
cretion. The silage should be sweet and 
good. Begin on a small ration in con- 
nection with clover hay or other roughage. 
It should never constitute more than half 
the roughage fed. Silage and clover hay 
in connection with grain makes an ideal 
ration. Breeding ewes should have but lit- 
tle silage — half the roughage in the morn- 
ing, perhaps, and no more during that 
day. For lambs. 2 to 3 lb. of silage per 
day is enough, and for sheep (except 
breeding ewes) 3 to 5 b. per day, with 
other roughage and grain. 

Skim-milk for Swine. — We have several 
fresh cows and are making butter for spe- 
cial patrons. We have a good quantity 
of skim-milk and buttermilk which we 
feed to hogs that are fattening. In what 
proportion should it be fed with corn 
meal? M. S.. Wayne Co.. O. — Goessman 
averages a great many experiments and 
gives the following mixtures: 

For pigs of 20 to 80 lb. weight, 1 gal. 
milk to y« lb. corn meal. 

For pigs of 80 to 125 lb.. 1 gal. milk to 
1 lb. corn meal. 

For pigs of 125 to 190 lb., 1 gal. milk 
to 1V4 lb. corn meal. 

Other mixtures are given as follows: 
For pigs of 20 to 80 lb., 1 part wheat 
bran and 2 parts gluten meal (by weight ). 
mixed with milk at disposal. Feed enough 
to satisfy the pigs. For pigs 80 to 120 lb.. 
1 part each of corn meal, gluten meal 
and Wheal bran, with milk at disposal. 
For pigs of 125 to 190 lb.. 2 parts corn 
meal. 1 part wheat bran and 1 part glu- 
ten meal: milk at disposal. Feed all the 
pigs will eat up clean. Buttermilk or sklm- 
milk Is one of the best feeds to mix up 
a balanced ration for pigs. 



Considering Results Its Cost is Infinitesimal-Write for 
Prools-Cempare It with anything yau ever used or saw. 

Cold weather need not interfere. "Save-lh»-Hur»e " can r.« 
applied in any and all extreme, of weath.r and horee worked. 
Eddyrille, Iowa— I »ent for •SaYe-the-Hor.e" for a had 
' Thorouehpin ttie Veterinary aaid could not be cored. I oaed it 
| and worked mare every day on gang plow and grain binder 
i and in four-bone team — in fact on every implement on tlte 
( farm. We are breaking »od with three boreea today and the ia 
one of the three, and yoti can not tell which leg the hlemiah 
waion. She iaaound aia dollar and no reaaonable price would 
huy her.— C. F. SWlTZKIt. 
S. L McKKK, leading optician. 81* Market St. . 

Wilmington, Pel — I have a mare which had a had eaee of 
lamenesa in her hip of long standing. I employed two vet*' i- 
nanani, then I purchased and applied your remedy . and the 
haa never gono a l ime atep aincc, and hat been in constant 
j use -S. L. McKKK. 

Uanoverton. Ohio, — "Save-the Horac" 1 bought last summer 
cured a rtsfbone.— KtlWARP PIVILLF. 

Our guarantee if not mere worda, bi:t a aigned contract, ah- 
aolutely legally binding to protect purchaser to treat any cat* 
named in the document 

ft) ff" a bottle, with written binding guarantee. Send for copy, 
\ n !>ooklct and letters from business men and trainers on 
QJ crery kind of case. Permanently cures spailn. Th..p»!irh. 
T pin, Rlocbone (except lowl. Curb, Splint, t apped Hor'., 
YVIndpnir, Shoe Boll, Injured Tendons and all Laaaeneaa. No 
scar or loss of hair. H rse work as usual. Dealers or Ex- 
press paid. Troy Chemical Company, Blagaamton, S. t. 



COUGH E HEAVES 

Can vmi nff >rd to neglect 
horses that are con* hi i>l'. 
and let tha disease trru i 
nate tn hrokeu wind OT 
..cave*, when it oaily costs 
3*sc a day to tr-at a h»r*e. 
properly for either cutigh OI 
heaves. " 

DR. W. C. FAIR'S 

New Cough and Heave Remedy 

Always relieves a congh and seldom falln to 
permanently enre heaves. 
GO doses, In coin envelopes, enonch for 

30 Days' Treatment ;V.:§I 

DR. FAIR VETERINARY REMEDY COMPANY. 

5712-5714 Carnegie Aveaue. Cleveland. Ohia. 




Mix Your Own 
Stock Food 



Good Boots Are Cheapest. 

A. A. Carver of Highland Farm. Char- 
don, O.. writes us that some unscrupu- 
lous denlers. when asked for well-known 
brands of ruhher boots or shoes, try to 
persuade the farmer to take some cheap, 
unknown makr on which they make a 
larger profit. They will often state th it 
some certain man. whom you have nev- 
er heard of, ami who In fact Is not in 
existence, had poor results from the use 
of the brand of boots that you ask for. 
They will say that the brand that they 
aii- trying to work off onto you Is much 
better, anrl at the same time they know 
that they have a lot of these rotten. shod- 
dy Roods on hand, that they have had to 
taki back Mr Carver states that the 
only brand that he will use on his farm 
la Buffajo. Rrand boots, made by Wm. H. 
Walker & Co.. Buffalo. N. V. He advises 
all farmers to send to them for their cat- 
alog J. which tells all about their boots 
and shoes. 



One 6-lh. package of my Condensed 
Stock Food, costing i2 express prepaid 
when mixed with 40 lb. linseed meal 
costing 80 cents. S<> lb. white mid- 
dlings costing: 46 cents and 16 lb. wheat 
bran costing "5 cents. makes the 
best - known fattener for all firm 
animals, and (rives you 100 lb. of stock 
food for $3.60. This stock food makes 
one dollars' worth of grain do the 
work of two dollars' worth In produc- 
ing health, meat and profits. Full di- 
rections on every package. Send $2 to- 
day, or write for further information. 

Dft.S.H. KENT, Siockloed Spoclallal. 
10 1 Merkal Str»al. Cadlr Ohio. . 



MANURE FORK ATTACHMENT 

Kditor W.rhitran Farmer says: **!» will be con* 
i»rod a ft v upon every f arm . "Self »Cl>4%n« 

Inc. Quickly attached to any fork. 



Dayton. Ohio. 




T*rmt. Sampl* 
bt mail, postpaid, $1 00. 

THE ONALOCHLNS, 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



i - 



AGRICULTURAL 
SCIENCE 



] 



PIPE AND PUMP TROUBLES. 



Pipes are an integral part of prac- 
tically every farm waterworks system. 
Hardly any farm is or has been, at 
sometime or other, without pipe and 
pump troubles. When one thinks of 
the vast inconvenience necessitated by 
the temporary putting out of business 
of one plant, especially where there is 
a large amount of stock on hand, the 
necessity of using the very quickest 
method of repairing the break is at 
once apparent. 

During our twenty-five or thirty 
years of feeding experience, all the 
time depending on a windmill and 60- 
barrel storage tank for water, we have 
had many and varied experiences with 
calms, leaks, freezes, stoppages and 
the like, during which time we have 
learned many things. But advice is 
cheap, and experience dear. The latter 
we have especially found to be true, 
tho thru the latter we have found out 
many "short cuts" which we have 
found useful to ourselves, and which, 
I believe, you too, will And useful. 

As a usual thing, a pipe goes out of 
business upon either the busiest or 
the coldest day during the entire year. 
On account of these occurrences, many 
men will send to town for a pump- 
man to come out. when there really is 
no necessity for doing so. One instance 
will serve to illustrate my point, 
which is, never send for a "pump- 
man" unless he is actually needed. 

A few years ago, upon a stormy and 
extremely cold day, a certain man went 
to the pump, tried to raise the handle 
up and down, and upon failing to do 
so, immediately sent to the nearest 
hardward store for a man to come out 
and repair the pump as he was with- 
out water for the stock. The man 
came, went to the pump, asked for a 
kettle of boiling water, poured the wa- 
ter on the offending implement, and 
presto, the handle went up and down 
and the water came. The stranger 
forcefully expressed his opinion of the 
stupidity of the one who would call 
him four miles in zero weather, to 
thaw out a pump, and drove off, pock- 
eting his fee. You may say such an in- 
stance is an exception, yet I know of 
more than one instance where it has 
occurred, therefore I leave the very 
simple warning, "try the hot water." 
Anyway it won't hurt anything. 

Simple stoppages are often thought 
to be freezes, and are usually treated 
as a frozen pipe is treated — dug up. 
However, when during the summer 
months, one can not get water to run 
freely, one can not look for anything 
else. Yet, it is unnecessary to un- 
earth the pipes. If you plug up the 
supply end and all the other termin- 
als with one exception, ma!:ing sure 
that the plugs are absolutely tight, at- 
taching a common pitcher or suction 
pump at the end left unplugged,, you 
can get the obstruction out very eas- 
ily, and at the same time, cheaply. Pro- 
ceed just as if you were going to pump 
water. You will then exhaust all the 
air in front of the obstruction, and 
the air from behind will blow it out. 

Very often, a pipe which stands per- 
pendicularly, freezes. In many cases 
this is the one which either runs the 
water out of the storage-tank or into 
the water trough. When the ordinary 
method of thawing is used, it becomes 
necessary to remove all the packing 
around the pipes arirl even then it is 
t>ften extremely difficult to get at them, 
especially where they go thru the 
floor of the tank or trough. The be^t 
method which we have found to use in 
such cases, is to take a piece of pipe 
of smaller otitside diameter than the 
inside diameter of the one to be 
thawed. If the one to be thawed is a 
one-inch one, take a piers of half-inch. 
Place the smaller one just inside the 
larger, allowing the bottom of it to 
rest on the ice. Now. pour the boiling 
water in at the top of the smaller one, 
constantly pressHe it against the sur- 
face to be thawed. Thus your water is 
always just where it is most needed, 
and furthermore it d - oes not lose any 
of its heat in setting there. You can 
get most surprising results, thawing 
thru several inches of ice in a few min- 
utes. 

Often a pipe will spring a leak, ei- 



ther by rusting thru or by bursting, 
and at that time, on account of one 
reason or another it is undesirable to 
put in a new section, the only thing 
which we used to think that we could 
do. To lay a twelve-foot pipe out of 
the reach of frost, seven or seven and 
one-half feet, usually necessitates the 
handling of quite a quantity of earth, 
and requires a great deal of time, 
which can not often be spared. As a 
general thing, a break of this kind 
may be permanently repaired, inside 
of a few hours, and at the expense of a 
few cents. Take- all the earth away 
from the break in a radius of five or 
six inches from it. Then mix up some 
Portland c-jment, making it rather 
thick, pcring it under the pipe and 
around tLo leak, at the time being 
careful to keep all pressure off for a 
few hours, after which time it should 
be sufficiently "set" to permit the run- 
ning of water thru the pipe. We have 
done this several times and have been 
so successful that we are very serious- 
ly considering the idea of laying all 
our pipes in cement, of course placing 
them out of the danger of frost. Then, 
there could be no leaks, and when the 
iron rusted out there would be the one- 
inch hole thru the cement which would 
last forever, and that would serve the 
purpose of a pipe. Have any of The 
Ohio Farmer readers heard of any- 
thing of the sort? It looks good. — 
Clyde A. Waugh, Wood Co., O. 



Appetite for Crabs 

THE codfish has an enormous appetite 
for shell -fish, crabs and lobsters. 
He eats them alive and he eats them 
raw. He eats them all without in- 
digestion and grows fat. He has a 
powerful liver. 

The oil from the cod's liver makes 

Scott's Emulsion 

A natural power to digest and to 
produce flesh is in every spoonful. 
This power means new vigor and new 
flesh for those who suffer from wasting 
diseases. 

All Druggist* ; 50c. and $1.00 



SHIRE, PERCHERON, BELGIAN, COACH & HACKNEY • 

STALLIONS 

! For the next 30 flays I will pell at mv burn 
cheaper loan any other lirm in America, quality con- 
sidered. I lie roil son I en, ^,.,| elicaper i I.. 

! cause my father lives in Europe and bw can DDI 

I them fer ine anil save all middlemen's profits. If 
you are thinking of huyinir a draft stallion of 

, either of the a hov.- breeds, or a bitfh.stepping 
fiackiiey or Coach Stallion, please writ- me or 
come and see my block, and I will surprise miu 
m prices. 

W. B. BULLOCK, Moundsville, W.Va. 



JACKS 



.00 to $8.00 Gain 



DISPOSING OF EARTHWORMS. 



Per Acre 

That's What a Spreader Will Do If 
Used As It Should Be 

Write Us And Let 
U. Tell You How 




Jennets, ,».i.n.. bnraei trot- 
tint and racing IttlllnnJ, 
Poland -China ami Ti-m- 
w Of III liogt. We are the 
arff.nt hreivtere an-1 loiportori of 
Jacka in America' unit lia\ca larire 
fltxck at saddle stallion, and merei 
trotting and pacini: stallions. 

Our catalog it the finest ever le- 
aned t<> any jack breeder. 

J. F. Cook&Co. Lexington, Ky. 

• Branch Barn, Greenville. Teias 



I see in your valuable paper of Dec. 
7, a request for information as to how 
to get rid of earthworms. Having the 
experience of more than sixty years I 
will give W. A. R., Cericro, W. Va., my 
experience with them. His land is in 
a bad condition, being cold and damp 
and not in condition to produce a crop. 
Perhaps redtop grass will grow to a| 
limited extent on it. He could hardly ! 
get a good crop of frain on any land j 
in this damp, cold and soggy condition. 
Earthworms in land that is in this 
condition will make channels several 
feot deep in which the liquid and best i 
part of the manure trickles down be- 
yond the reach of the roots of most 
plants. Very few plant roots extend 
below two feet. All the liquid manure 
that finds its way below where the ' 
roots extend is lost. Every practical 
farmer knows the beneficial results of j 
holding his fertilizers near the sur- 
face. That the soil may be friable, loose 
and loamy, lime, ashes and sand are 
all beneficial. Ashes and sand will be j 
beneficial in drying out the soil and 
will have a tendency to loosen it. Ni- ! 
trate of soda will kill the earthworms 
at a great expense, but F. A. R. will 
receive but little benefit by it. The 
condition of the soil must be changed. 
Earthworms never work in warm, dry 
soil. To dry the soil and make it 
loamy it will be necessary to dry it 
out by underdraining; by tiling it thor- 
oly. The earthworms will not do any 
more damage. This I know for I had 
a similar case and when the ground 
was tilod the worms quit work and the 
field became very productive. — H. W. 
Kimball, Brown Co., O. 

AMERICAN BREEDERS' ASSOCIA- 
TION. 

This is not an old organization but 
it is destined to become the most 
powerful breeders' organization in 
America. It is made up of per- 
sons interested in the improve- 
ment of both plants and animals. 
There are two sections — a plant sec- 
tion and an animal section. The asso- 
ciation now comprises over 1,000 active 
annual members, 55 life members and 
two honorary members — Luther Bur- 
bank and Francis Galton. A letter re- 
cently received from Hon. W. M. 
Hays, secretary of the organization, 
says, in part: "For the present year 
the membership fee is only $1. The as- 
sociation has voted to make it two dol- 
lars per annum hereafter. The life 
membership fee is $20, this money to 
be invested and only the earnings 
used." He urges that breeders every- 
where ally themselves with the organ- 
ization, for mutual benefit, and we also 
urge it. It will pay all breeders to 
join, if for no other reason than to re- 
ceive the annual reports. These re- 
ports embody the most recent results 
o% investigations relating to plant and 
animal breeding. If you are interested 
write to W. M. Hays. U. S. Dept. of 
Agriculture, Washington. D. C. 




HORSES, PONIES and MULES ! 

The kind Unit made Kentucky famous. 100 head. 

Visit my farm or write for wants and prices. 
JT. P. liiltUKIS, Millersbnre. Kourbon Co.. Ky 

SPAVIN CURE--"""" 

the bone or no pay. Addrcaa L. W. GITRE Co , Mishau aka, In 1. 



If you hare 125 loads of manure to spread v;o wilt tell 
you bow you can increase the value ot j our crop this 
year more than enough to pay for a spreader. We tune 
a book that will till yon when, how and whereto spread 
manure ; how to make from ? 4.00 to 8N.00 more per acre 
from your farm than ever before. TUB 

Great Western Spreader 

Is Made for the Man Who Wants the Best 

It Has — Oak Sills— not pine, elm or maple; Oak Tonirue 
— not pine; Hickory Double-trees and Single-trees — 
not elm or maple; Mammoih DoubloOak Bolster— not a 
frail, single bolster; Big, Heavy 16-lnch Malleable Fifth 
V\ heel— not small, lipht cast Iron; Big, Heavy Front Axle, 
set well back uuder the load — not a lipht skeleton axle, 
set away out ahead of machine; Bi»r, Heavy Rear Axle; 
Heaviest and Strongest Wheels foi.nd on any spreader; 
Wind Shield and Rake that make the work of the Great 
Western away in the lead; Endless Apron that Is always 
ready to loud. No complicated device needed to put it out 
of gear at the right moment to pre vent serious breakage. 

It does not throw a bunch at starting and another at 
the finish, but spreads uniformly from start to finish, j 
Wheels track, making easy draft and just the machine 
for top-dressing or in corn fields. No worm pears, no | 
bevel gears, no breaking, no trouble — a spreader that I 
everyone swears by, but not at. Write just these words ' 
on a postal card or In a letter, "Send me your book, 
Practical Experience with Barnyard Manure, and Cata* 
logueNo. 2>1." They will be mailedfreo. DoitNow. 

Smith Manufacturing Co., 158 Harrison St.,Chlcago. m. 



You never saw a 
saw which saws 
[his saw saws 




and last so Ion [rati me, 
Frame of heavy angle 
steel strongly 
braced— absol utely 
no shake. Patented— adjust- 
able, dust-proof, non-heating 
oi! boxes, etc. We make these 

Appleton Wood Saws 

In 6 styles— strong, simple, safe and successsful 
— and we make a 4-wheel mounting for wood, ' 
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wood and save time, coal and money— then saw 
your neighbors' wood andniakeSS to $15 A Day. 
We make the celebrated 

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nothing like it— no other so fcood. Also feed 
grinders, shellers, fodder cutters, huskers, 
manure spreaders, farm trucks, windmills, 
etc., all guaranteed full Appleton Quality. 
Catalog free for the asking. Ask for it now 

APPLETON MANUFACTURING * CO. 
21 Fargo Street Batavia. 111.. I. S. A. 



A 



LWAYS mention OHIO FARMER 
when writing to our advertisers. 



The Celebrated De Loach Mill 



The 

World's 
Standard 
for 20 
Years 




Saw Your Owa Lumber 

For lumber is lumber nowadays, 

* and you can do it better than 
the other fellow, v. ith 

# our help 




AcrurU.ofl*.<jV| 




We Set the Pace 
—Others do the 
pp9 Best They 

Ss Can 



A 15-year-old 
gBg bo v can operate 
successfully. 
Two hands cot 
5 01 0 feet per day. 
15 000 mi I is in use 
the world over, 
nriable Feed. Friction 
Set Work*. Automatic Steel Tri- 
plex Dops nnd Diamond Track produce 
results impossible with other mills. Bend for 
catalog of Saw Mills op to 200 H. P., Steam Engines 
and Boilers. Gasoline Engines, Portable Corn and Feed 
Mills. Planers, Shingle Mills: Wood Snw-< and Water 
Wheels. Prompt shipment and we pay t' e tn 
IK-LOACH MILL llfG. CO., Box ooU. lUtLUULl'OBX. 



A Power and Fuel Economizer 

There is practically no lost power in running a McVicker 
Gasoline Engine, as the "exhaust" is all that's needed 
to operate the valves. It takes an explo 
sion to open the exhaust valve, so it 
is impossible to waste a charge of fuel. 

The charge is drawn into heated 
cylinder and churned before ignition, 
thus greatly increasing its efficiency. 

Because of its freedom from com- 
plicated parts, such as cams, gears, etc., 
etc., the power developed goes into ac 
tual work and is not used up by engine. 

The McYICKER Gasoline Engine 

HAS ONE-THIRD THE PARTS OF OTHER ENGINES 

and so much greater power and endurance that it is beins» usod successfully to 
run Threshing Machines. Electric Light Plants, Elevators, etc., in addition to 
light machinery of all kinds. 

Build a Farm Power House-Plans Free ^^£gg$£ttfi£ 

Power Houses, so they can operate Cream Separators. Churns. Fanning Mills, Feed 
Cutters, Grindstones, etc all under one roof. If you will write and tell us what machines 
you wish to run. we will prepare and send plans of a Power House adapted for your own 
special purpose, absolutely free. „ . • , _ , 

SEND FOR FREE CATALOGUE . AV of McVicker Gasoline Engines. 
ALMA MANUFACTURING COMPANY. ALMA. MICH. 

For Sale by ALMA MFG. CO., Freeport, III. 




8-8 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 4, 1908. 




A PAYING DAIRY FARM. 

The origin of Hillcrest Farm was the 
idea of a native of the Buckeye state, 
a physician, who having been twenty- 
fivt j ears in Missouri, has been trying 
to sirow the absolute necessity for san- 
itary construction in a dairy barn. It is 
hoped that the example may help to 
improve dairy conditions in this great 
state which is just awakening to its 
dairy possibilities. 

Many details have been worked out 
here which have caused our visitors 
from experiment stations and the rep- 
resentatives of foreign agFicultural 
commissions to comment on the thoro- 
ly practical application of sanitation. 
This is contrasted with the effect of 
the average "millionaire's model farm." 
The application of these theories to 
actual practice is at the suggestion of 
Mrs. Mosher, who has sown a peculiar 
genius in grasping these principles 
and incorporating them in the con- 



like sunshine to keep out tuberculosis 
and other diseases. It is the best and 
the cheapest medicine for cows as 
well as for people. Germs, as well as 
men, love darkness when their deeds 
are evil. The floors are of concrete 
with board platforms inlaid under each 
cow. We have found that the cement 
bruises the front knees, and the ud- 
der is not helped by the damp, cold, 
unyielding cement floor. 

The King system of ventilation is 
used. The manger is continuous ce- 
ment, with no round corners. We find, 
however, in watering, that it is better 
to have individual boxes. They are not 
expensive, and with a tank and float, 
the warter is before each cow all the 
time. This avoids the worry of cows 
at the end of the string waiting for 
water, and there is no chance that any- 
body will forget to water the cows on 
time. Gutters are 11 inches deep and 
14 inches across. They drain to a ma- 
nure cistern, emptied by a tank wag- 
on to the fields. We find the deeper 
gutter more satisfactory than the shal- 
low, as it keeps cows clean with less 
work. Cows face into the center, mak- 
ing it easier to feed and keeps the 




ily digestible than other milk, and 
Professor Carlyle of Colorado, and 
Professor Haecker of Minnesota, claim 
Holstein milk has a quality they call 
"vital element" which produces bone 
and muscle in a superior degree. Mr. I 
Lucas is manager of the herd and the 
superintendent of the sanitary dairy. 
The distributing station in Kansas 
City is under charge of Mrs. Bertha ' 
Bachelor Foster, formerly instructor 
in Domestic Economy at the Kansas 
City Manual Training School, and an 
expert on pure foods. 

It is often asked if it pays to go to 
all the expense of having the men 
wear sanitary suits, sterilizing cans 
and pails, scrubbing barn floors, curry- 
ing cows, icing the shipping boxes, and I 
the many details necessary to secure the ' 
low count of bacteria for sanitary 
milk. The answer is the old one of 
the personal element. It pays if the 
right man runs the farm and the right 
management is in charge of the depot 
in the city. In no business can one lose 
money faster, if these equations are 
not correct. On the other hand, I know 
of many farms where the income runs 
into the thousands, because not only 
the product is right, but the 

j methods of attracting the buy- 

• ing public to a superior arti- 
j cle, stamps the merit which 
| brings the extra price. — Geo. 
\ C. Mosher, Pres't Mo. State 
; Dairy Association. 



Clean Skimming 
Means Good Living 

The hog trough is no place to put 
butter. 

Wide awake farmers want the 
cream separator that skims the clean- 
est. It means more profit— better 
living. That separator is the Sharpies 
Dairy Tubular— the separator that's 
different. 

Snarples Dairy Tubulnrs have 
twice tne stamiumj; force of any other 



COW TESTING ASSOCIA- 
TIONS. 



KXTERIOR SANITARY DAIRY BARN. 



struction of the plant. Professor Van 
Palt of Iowa, says: Hillcrest has all 
the utility without the enormous ex- 
pense of the purely "show-place"farm 
buildings, which while interesting as 
showing what can be done with money, 
is entirely beyond the hopes Of the 
farmer who makes his living off the 
dairy cow. 

The point is that it pays. Patrons of 
the dairyman are being educated by 
the agricultural press as well as the 
daily newspaper as to the dangers in 



glare of the light from their eyes. All 
feed- is shaken out in the adjoining 
feed room to avoid dust. Cows are fed 
after being milked to keep them from 
scattering dust in the air during the 
milking. We use a hygienic pail and 
our own strainer device which sets in 
the opening of the pail. An entry way 
from the silos and feed room allows 
the feed car to pass between the lines 
of the cows readily. This passageway 
being covered, is <a protection to the 
feeder in bad weather, besides saving 




INTKKloi: OK SANITARY DAIRY HARM. 



filthy milk. This education is gradu- 
ally bringing a better price for good 
milk, over that of the commercial ar- 
ticle, the "average milk." A man de- 
livering milk at (i cents stopped one of 
our drivers (also an Ohio man) the 
other day and said to him: "You have 
no right to charge 15 cents a quart for 
your milk. It is no bettor than mine at 
(i cents." Arthur replied: "1 don't 
know how good your milk is, out I do 
know that the people are willing to 
buy ours. We have a waiting list. Why 
don't you charge more for your milk?" 

Our main barn is 3(>x74 feet in 
length with stanchions holding forty 
cows. An L holds 12 bred heilars. Win- 
dows are arranged to supply an abun- 
dance of sunlight. There is nothing 



waste of feed. 

The milk, which is drawn by dry 
hands, thoroly washed before each 
milking, is at once removed to the 
dairy house, and poured thru a ster- 
ilized funnel lo the aerator tank. It is 
then chilled to IS degrees, and bot- 
tled and packed for shipping to Kansas 
City. Greenwood, our station, is JS 
miles out, and we deliver night and 
morning. 

The herd at Hillcrest consists of 
thorobred Holsteins. selected because 
of the character of the Holstein milk, 
being recommended by Dr. Rotch of 
Harvard. Dr. Notthrup and Dr. Edgar, 
of New York, and other experts in in- 
fant feeding. They say the small size 
of the fat globule makes it more eas- 



Prof. J. L. Hills, director 
of the Vermont Agricultural 
Experiment Station, in an ad- 
dress before the Maine Dairy- 
men's Association, said of the 
importance of Cow Testing 
Associations: 

"In many different dairy 
? "J sections a cow census ha.; 

li'cn taken with the result 
! that many holds have boon 
| found failing to pay a dollar 
for a dollar spent for food. 
The outcome of one taken in 
New Hampshire last summer 
is entirely typical and may be 
cited as follows: Out of 100 herds, 
40 made a profit, 60 a loss. The 
average butter production was 160 
pounds; highest, 290; lowest, 77. 
The average creamery returns for 
a dollar spent for feed, was 93c; high- 
est, $1.53; lowest, 43c. The census is 
a comparison between the cost of food 
and the income from the creamery; it 
is not to boom a certain breed or ani- 
mal but to expose delinquents." 

To clearer present the ques- 
tion Prof. Hills made use of 
charts giving the facts and fig- 
ures in tabulated form. Com- 
menting upon the first which 
gave the above figures, he 
said: "Among the 40 profita- 
ble herds, silos were more 
than twice as frequent; con- 
centrates rich in protein were 
twice as often used and agri- 
cultural papers more than 
twice as common as in herds 
showing a loss. Dairy papers 
were read on two-fifths of 
them and improved blood was 
nearly twice as common. In 
Rutland County. Vermont, one 
herd in two paid a profit; more 
than one-half the farms are 
under the management of an 
agricultural college graduate 
and the result came from good 
breeding, good feed ; ng. good 
reading and trained brains. 
Returning to the New Hamp- 
shire census and comparing 
the profitable with the unprof- 
itable herds it was found that 
good hay roughage and soiling gave 
better returns than late-cut hay. A 
combination of mixed feed, cotton- 
seed, barley and oats, gave 
results than mixed feed 
good stabling better than 
reading farm and dairy 
better than none: winter dairying bet- 
ter than summer dairying. 

The average cost of food per cow in 
the profit-making herds was $37 — the 
returns were $43.49. Good protein ra- 
tions gave returns of $7.31: low. $5.08. 
Three-fourths were winter dairies. In 
the loss-making herds one-half were 
winter dairies. Average cost of keep- 
ing a cow. $34.82: returns. $26.65. Low 
protein ration gave a loss 'of $3 more 
than high. " The following figures 




separators-skim twice as clean. 

Prof. J. L. Thomas, instructor in 
dairying at the agricultural college of 
one of the greateststates in the Union, 
says: "I have just completed a test of 
your separator. The skimming is the 
closet I h.-r-e evt-r si i-n — just a trace 
of fat. I believe the loss to be no great- 
er than one thousandth of one per 
cent." 

That is one reason why you should 
insist upon having the Tubular. Tub- 
ulars are different, in everyway, from 
other separators, and every difference 
is to your advantage. Write for cat- 
alog b- l'.l and valuable free book. 
"Business Dairying." 

The Sharpies Separator Co., 

West Chester, Pa. 
Toronto, Can. Chicago, III, 




The "DEAN" Ear 
Corn 
Slicer 



nv Fnrmer or Cattle 
taisor should apprec iate 
the advantage or slicing 
tt^AY or chopping ear corn 
^™ for stock. The 
health of all 



=Uinals reqnliSM it. 

Feeders today k no ~ 



Soon 
Paystor 
Itself 



that Krain should be mixed with 
"rouKhnew." Tnecob U the be*t 
mixture for calves and bteers. 
"The Dean" Slicer soon eaves 
jf-jy+^p its price in cob feed aloiif. A No 
r*3&£- - . • v i - -* t me. Chop** ears in *■ to 
2*fr inch *d ices and cuts from 30 
to 4» busheli an hour. Calves thriv* 
on the small slicing. It's so ea*tty 
geared that even a boy can run it or 
any power can t>e attached. ator 
attachment to bin or wapon. Prices 
and terms very reasonable. Writ* 
today, fur your stock s sake. 

27 Main St., 
Sandwich, III. 



Enterprise Wind Mill Co., 



Let Us Send You 



Our Book. 

about pood wheels and (rood wapons that will save 
you a lot of work aud make you r. lot of money —the 



ELECTRIC STEEL 

and the — 

ELECTRIC HANDY 



WHEELS 
WAGON. 

By every test, ttiey are the best. More than one and 
a quarter millions sold. 6pokes united to the 
hul>. Can't work loose. A aet of our wheel* » ill 
make your old » agon new. t alalogue free. 



ELECTRIC WHEEL CO., Box 94 0 t,lr >cy. III*. 





Is furnished with a coh rrusher for 
grinding ear corn. In addition to this 
las flat burrs, so it will grlnj wheat, 
barley, oats, or shelled com and 
do satisfactory work. Can be run 
by steam or horse power. 
MOST PERFECT 
MILL MADE. 
Write for our Catalog 15. Shows 
I styles of mills: Sweep, Combined and Power. 
I Horse Powers and Wood Saws. 
llHE VICTOR FEED MILL CO., Springfield. Ohio 



better 
alone: 
fair; 
papers 




Death £ Stomach 

WOrmS GUARANTEED 

W. will >»nd to. WMt» of l>K 
H»LL«XU*1 »i I mi it Hi -Tim a 
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costs 7011 not bins . If 7011 do, it 
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FREE- FEEDERS HANDBOOK 

atlon about Ajax Flak*-*, thf> wonderful dairy feed. 

AJAX MILLING 4. FEED CO., Buffalo. N.Y. 



Fanner and Stoek Hi 
THE 0 b EXLLT CO 



K copy of FARMERS GXTIDt 

mott ntefnl hook of Reoorda. Reci 
net, and General Information 
mailed noon r-'ineat to •very 
rower. Write to-day. 

131 Lime ft Sprtagflala. Obla. 



(LEASE say "SAW IT IN OHIO FARMER' 
when writing to our advertisers 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



0—9 



Please Mention THE OHIO FARMER 
When Writing to Our Advertisers. 



SKIN CURED IN A WEEK. 



Disfiguring Red Spots and Pimples 
Made Life Miserable for Six Months 
— Skin Now Like Velvet. 



Owes Cure To Cuticura. 



"Cuticura Soap and Ointment are the 
greatest remedies for skin diseases on 
earth. I have suffered six months 
from a disease which I can not de- 
scribe, but I will tell you the symp- 
toms. My skin was full of red spots 
and my face was full of red pimples. 
It made life miserable for me and I 
was discouraged with everything. I 
went to several doctors, but it was use- 
less. Then I resolved to try Cuticura 
Remedies, and after using them for 
about one week I became a new man. 
The pimples and the red spots have 
disappeared, and they made my skin 
as soft as velvet. Now I am a constant 
user of the Cuticura Soap and Oint- 
ment, and I recommend them highly. 
Albert Cashman, Bedford Station, -N. 
Y.. Nov. 29, 1905." 

Don't Pay Two 
Prices for your 
Gasotin 
Engine, 




Buy Direct from the Factory 
and Save from $25,OOto $80.00 

Be your own dealer, and keep the 
profit in your own pocket. 

Select your engine and try it thirty days 
free. Remember our engines are the 
best in the world and are sold under our 
binding: gruarantee. 

Write today for our catalog: and free 
trial proposition. 

The Caldwell & Hallowed Mfg. Co. 
Waterloo, Iowa 




Improved Boilers 
for Traction Engines 

This out shows the improved boiler of the "New 
Huher Traction Engine which develops more 
power than any other, because the boiler is a per- 
fected return flue'' type. You note, bv looking 
at the cut. that the heat pastes forward in a large 
flue through the water and then the smoke and 
heat a re returned through tubes to the smokestack 
I his means the heat passes through the water twice' 
giving double heating capacity. The "New Huber" 
tract. on Engine is the only engine having this 
perfected return flue" type of boiler, because its 
exclusive features were developed in our own fac- 
6 make ,, 1 J";, tio ! 1 Engines and Threshers, 
and they are all fully described and pictured In 
our new "School for Threshermen." which we will 
send you FREE, and postpaid for 'the asking 

Send no stamps Just write your name ami address on a 
post card and mall it to us today, and we will forward you 
the Book at once. It tells how Engines and Threshers are 
made a n d how you can work them easily and economically, 
with least possible labor and at least possible cost Remeln- 

berwesend this book FREE and forward it by return mail, 

TiifiiiMK'^^^^ P t:^^^, n , 




by 



with this big, strong bank means 
absolute safety for your money and 

4QI ANNUAL 
* Interest 

payable or compounded semi-annu- 
ally. 

Write today for handsomely il- 
lustrated booklet, giving full 
particulars. 

The Union 
Savings Bank 

Resources, $7,000,000 
Frick Bid*., Sta. 0, PITTSBURG.PA. 



explained 
organiza- 



1ER SWEEP MILLS 




Different from all others, 4 or 2 horses 
Geared Idol or 7 to 1. Grind Corn with shueki 
or without. And all small grains including 
Oats and Wheat. (Aleo m.tte 7 slz.i belt mills.) 

K. N. P. Bowsher Co., South Bend. Ind. 



are very significant," said Prof. Hills, 
"and ought to carry great weight with 
them for they emphasize the need of 
the dairyman to know where he is at: 
Readers of dairy papers Hi; fifteen 
made a profit of $8.70 and one made a 
profit of $1.60. Readers of agricultural 
papers, 34; fifteen made a profit of 
$5, nineteen made a loss of $G. 57. Read- 
ers of local papers, 24; eight made a 
profit of $3.78, and 16 made a loss of 
$8.13; no reading, 24; one made a prof- 
it of $9.58 and 23 made a loss of $9.76-. 
Sixteen readers of dairy papers aver- 
aged a profit of $8.12, three readers of 
farm papers averaged a profit of $1.44, 
twenty-four readers of local papers av- 
eraged a loss of $4.13, and twenty-four 
readers of no papers averaged a loss of 
$9.14. 

"The dairymen should know how to 
judge a cow," continued Prof. Hills, 
"how to feed her and should form cow 
test associations." He recommended 
the following bulletins from the U. S. 
Department of Agriculture: No. 143, 
"Conformation of Dairy Cattle." No. 22, 
"Feeding Farm Animals." No. 106, 
"Breeds of Dairy Cattle," No. 192, 
"Barnyard Manure." 

"A cow test association," 
the speaker, "is an elastic 
tion among neighbors to combine to 
test their cows. Its underlying prin- 
ciple is co-operation. In Holland, where 
these societies started in 1885, the av- 
erage of butter has increased one- 
fourth. They were introduced into 
Quebec in 1903 and now number 60; 
one was organized a year later in Mich- 
igan and at the present time the state 
has seven. A concerted movement is 
on foot in New England to foster their 
formation. This same question is on 
the program of the annual dairy confer- 
ence of Maine, New Hampshire, Ver- 
mont and Connecticut and the associa- 
tions are sure to come. 

"The outfit costs less than five dol- 
lars; weights are taken three days a 
month, and tests made Once each in the 
third, fifth and seventh month of lac- 
tation. The farmer can make his own 
weights, take his own samples and do 
his own testing unless he prefers to 
have the creamery do it for him. He 
must exercise care and not take his 
sample from the top Of the milk. The 
results are sufficiently accurate for all 
practical purposes and can be kept pri- 
vate if so desired. Probably the best 
plan for Maine is for twenty or thirty 
to band together and pay a dollar per 
year per cow into the treasury. A man 
comes to each one's home twelve times 
a year and weighs and tests the milk of 
each cow. At the end of the year the 
owner is given a sheet for every cow on 
which is a close approximate of her 
yield of milk and butter. Isn't it worth 
it? There are cows that eat more than 
they make and cows that make more 
than they eat. This organization acts 
as a Sherlock Holmes and detects the 
delinquents. 

"There is another advantage in hav- 
ing this man visit the farms. He ought 
to be informed on the best methods of 
feeding and barn sanitation and be able 
to give information upon better condi- 
tions of stable and herds. Our New 
Hampshire law requires a board of 
health inspector to go about the dif- 
ferent farm homes and often when he 
talks to the dairymen they get mad 
and do not do as he tells them. Conse- 
quently their product is shut out of 
the market. This man if well in- 
formed and tactful can point out faulty 
practices and get his patrons in bet- 
ter condition. In Maine you have a De- 
partment of Agriculture and a Dairy 
Inspector who are interested in the 
proposition and I believe you are in the 
best condition to be the 'pioneer state' 
in this enterprise. You can go into the 
work after the scheme outlined and 
the associations will spread from state 
to state." 

The reader is urged to think 
over this proposition, to talk it over 
with his neighbors, and to counsel 
with those well informed, to learn con- 
cerning the success of these affairs 
elsewhere and to move towards the for- 
mation of such an association in his 
neighborhood. — M. B. Aiken. Penob- 
scot Co., Me. 




NEW 1908 

DE LAVAL 

CREAM 

SEPARATORS 



January 1 ( 1908, marks another great move forward in the 
development of the Cream Separator — the introduction of 
a complete new line of DE LAVAL Farm and Dairy Sizes of 
machines, ranging in separating capacity from 135 lb. to 1350 
lb. of milk per hour. 

As nearly perfect as the DE LAVAL machines have been 
before, they are now still further improved in practically ev- 
ery detail of construction and efficiency, and every feature re- 
flects the past two years of experiment and test by the De La- 
val engineers and experts thrucut the world. 

The principal changes are in greater simplicity of construc- 
tion, ease of cleaning and replacement of parts; less cost of re- 
pairs when necessary; easier hand operation; more complete 
separation under hard conditions; greater capacity, and a ma- 
terial reduction of prices in proportion to capacity. 

The DE LAVAL was the original Cream Separator and for 
thirty years it has led in making every new separator inven- 
tion and improvement. Every good feature is now bettered and 
retained and many new and novel ones added, rendering DE 
LAVAL superiority over imitating machines even greater in 
every way than ever before. Anew 1908 DE LAVAL catalog 
aii.l any desired particulars are to be had for the asking. 

The De Laval Separator Co. 



Randolph & Canal Stb. 

CHICAGO 
1 2 1 3 & 1215 Filbert St. 
PHILADELPHIA 
Orumm & Sacramento Sts. 
SAN FRANCISCO 



General Offices : 

74 CORTLANDT STREET, 

NEW YORK. 



173-177 William Street 
MONTREAL 
14 & 18 Princess Street 
WINNIPEG 
107 First Street 
PORTLAND, OREG. 



HOW TO SELECT 

Safe Investments 

! TO YIELD 

Good Interest and Save Taxes 

The remarkable developments of the last four years in industrial 
lines have so increased the demand for money that at the present time 
well-seasoned securities are paying a higher rate of income than for 12 
years. Where such securities are offered by a company having a good 
reputation, they are as safe for you as to deposit your money in banks; 
and your money earns twice as large an income for you, because you 
deal direct and receive the total interest paid in place of dividing the 
amount with your banker. 

Another feature that is especially desirable, and is worth at least 2i 
in addition to the dividend paid, is the fact that a If, cumulative, pre- 
ferred stock of an Ohio corporation is tax exemrt to Ohio investors. 

The average investor has not the time, experience or facilities to 
pass judgment upon securities. Our many years of experience in buying 
investment securities is at your service. In our judgment it is n excel- 
lent time for investors to place their surplus funds, as we are able to 
secure for you from 6 to 7 percent upon your money, free from taxes. 
We will gladly give you our list of securities upon application. 

The GEIGER, JONES COMPANY, 

Put These Easy-Riding 
Money-Saving Spring 
On Your Farm Wagon 

Double the Life of Your Wagon. Ham-y Bolrter 

— — g Sprinna will 

actually keep the wugon - he<l from bumping up und 

down Hnil pounding l.oth itself and the runninn Bear to pieces. Yon never >-mw a freight i 
out springs under it. did you? Why, nueh a car wouldn't last a yeur on the smoothest railro 



Rail Fence. — Is a rail fence considere.3 
in law a legal line fence in this state? W. 
H. C. — There is no reason ?o far as the 
laws of Ohio are concerned why a parti- 
tion fence can not be made of rails, pro- 
vided it is a good and serviceable fence. 
— H. lj. S. 




Free Trial to YOU 



Then how can you expect a wapon without gpfings under it to stand the continued hump* end Jolt* of 
a country roadV You can't expect it ami shouldn't. What you wnnt to do is to put a pair of reliable 
Harvey Springs under your wa^on-bed and stop that awful wear and tear on >our wagon. 
f5*»f 1 r^G£» Fami. a .. m P.aJ..^a Do yon realize how many dollar* yon lo*e haulm* 

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on Fr ee Trial, address 

HARVEY SPRING CO.. 482 17th Street, Racine, Wisconsin 



MENTION THE OHIO FARMER WHEN WRITING TO OUR ADVERTISERS 



10—10 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jax. 4, 1908. 




ESTABLISHED 1848 

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The Lawrence Pub. Co., Cleveland, O. 



CURRENT COMMENT. 



We publish three* 
Taxation Problem, articles on taxa- 
tion this week, on 
pages 30 and 31. These articles are 
written by men who have given much 
study to the problems that are now 
facing the people of Ohio. Senator 
Howe's paper deals with the taxation 
of public service corporations espe- 
cially, and his views will be endorsed 
by the people generally. Senator Howe 
is the author of the bill introduced at 
Columbus two years ago, to accom- 
plish the object set forth in his article 
this week. The farmers of Ohio should 
do all they can to help pass the fran- 
( u ise tax law this winter. The paper 
by Wm. O. Matthews and the article 
1 v "W," an attorney of this city, rep- 
r^-ent diametrically opposite views on 
the big question now confronting the 
people. Mr. Matthews favors classifl- 
(ition and indicates how it should be 
(•oae. Mr. •'W." is loyal to the existing 
( istitutional restrictions and the uni- 
I rm rate on all forms of property. 
Mr. Matthews' plan of exempting 
i-->rtgages. notes, bonds and credits, 
ti prevent double taxation, would 
throw all the tax upon the debtor. 
Exempt the debt and tax the credit 
would be more just. We do not be- 
lieve in county local option in taxation 
— allowing each county to exempt or 
tax what kind of property it pleases 
and fix the tax rate on each kind. It 
■would result in inequality, fraud. con- 
fusion and the grossest injustice.Tax- 
atitm must be regulated and con- 
trolled by the state and uniform valu- 
ation, assessments and levies secured. 
Wo think the 'unit rule" advocated 
1 Mr. Mattbews. is worthy of careful 
usideratlon. One authority declares 
lint the present plan of allowing ev- 



ery business man to make his own re- 
turns of property, as for instance, in 
mercantile and manufacturing con- 
cerns, permits one-half tt) three-fourths 
of the property, at actual value, to 
escape. It is certain that under exist- 
ing conditions fully three-fourths of 
the money deposited in savings and 
trust companies escapes taxation. 
Franchises, the most valuable form 
of property, are not taxed. Thousands 
of men getting large salaries and liv- 
ing in more or less luxury, pay no tax 
at all. Wealthy men who invest their 
money in stocks and bonds, hide these 
away and do not return them. The 
owners of farms and homes must 
chiefly make up all this loss. Any sys- 
tem that will collect tax from all these 
intangible and evasive forms of prop- 
erty will lighten the burden upon real 
estate and other tangible property. To 
accomplish this, we have looked with 
some favor upon the classification 
plan. But we are loth to let go of ex- 
isting constitutional limitations and 
let the legislature have free rein. We 
would prefer the uniform rate if laws 
can be made that will collect tax from 
all kinds of property, at actual value. 
It is certainly a fact that a thousand 
dollars of one kind of property (actu- 
al value) should pay just as much 
tax as a thousand dollars of any oth- 
er kind( actual value.) We believe, 
also, that every man( except paupers) 
should help to support the government, 
even if he has no property. Thousands 
and thousands of working men.clerks, 
etc., are protected in all respects the 
same as men of property, but never pay 
one cent for this protection, directly. 
If there was a poll tax, and make its 
payment a condition of citizenship and 
the right to vote, it would bring all 
these men into closer relations with 
their country, increase their patriot- 
ism, make them feel that they are a 
part of the government and have the 
right to help manage its affairs. A 
proper graduated income tax should 
also be imposed. It would make thou- 
sands who now pay nothing, help in 
supporting the government. 

We shall publish all the arguments 
on all sides of this great question this 
winter. We ask our readers in all 
states to send us their views. It is a 
question that requires broad discus- 
sion, and farmers should see and un- 
derstand every side of it, so they can 
vote intelligently upon the proposed 
constitutional amendments next fall. 
Farmers want an equitable and just 
system of taxation — one that will re- 
lieve them of the unjust portion of 
the burden. It is no doubt a fact, that 
if all property in the state was justly 
assessed and the tax collected, the rate 
of taxation would be reduced to less 
than one percent — some authorities 
say % of one percent. If classification 
will accomplish this, the people will 
be glad to accept it; but they will have 
to be convinced that it is a safe plan 
and will accomplish the purpose, be- 
fore they will endorse it. The State 
Grange discussed this question very 
thoroly, at its recent session, but there 
was such a diversity of opinion and 
so much dubiousness manifested, that 
no action was taken. The majority 
seemed to desire more time and study 
before expressing any decided opin- 
ion on the best means of securing just 
and equitable taxation. 

We have not in the 
Snir Svdsidies. past favored any of 
the ship-subsidy bills 
brought before Congress. They have 
appeared to us objectionable in sever- 
al respects, chiefly because they seemed 
to favor too much those already rich — 
great combinations of wealth rather 
than the great bulk of our farmers and 
our people— to "grease the fat hog" in 
homelv agricultural phrase. Therefore 
we gladly attended "The Convention 
of the Merchant Marine League of the 
I nitcd States" at the Hxillcnden. Cleve- 
land. O.. Dec. 21. 1907. ready to listen 
to facts and arguments for ship subsi- 
dies. Of the nine distinguished gen- 
tlemen on the program for papers or 
speeches, all. we believe, were present. 
Tbev came from all over the land, 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The 
Assistant Postmaster General and the 
Assistant Secretary of the Navy. In a 
way, represented the Government. 
Members of Congress from Massachu- 
setts. New Hampshire. Washington 
< state V. and Nebraska reuresented 
that hodv The Pltt«'Mirg Steamship 
Companv. and manufacturing compan- 



ies from Youngstown and Canton, O., 
were represented by able speakers on 
the program. Hon. E. M*. Pollard of 
Nebraska, who voted for the latest ship 
subsidy bill in spite of instructions 
against it from his state legislature, 
was down to speak on Why the Farm- 
er is interested in an American Mer- 
chant Marine," and we hoped to get 
some light from him. 

He said he favored ship subsidies 
because, as a true Republican, he fa- 
vored protection. Under that protect- 
ive policy our manufactures in a com- 
paratively short time had increased 
more than fivefold, commerce sixfold, 
our railroads twelvefold. But from 
lack of such protection our merchant 
marine had shrunk from carrying 90 
percent of our foreign ocean commerce, 
down to carrying scarcely 10 percent 
of that commerce. Under Geo. Wash- 
ington the differential tariff of 10 per- 
cent in favor of imports brought in 
American bottoms, had swiftly built 
up our merchant marine. For the past 
40 years the Republican party has con- 
sistently "protected" all other indus- 
tries, but inconsistently failed to pro- 
tect or encourage American ship-build- 
ing, equipping and operating. This 
great shrinkage in our merchant ma- 
rine was due (1) to the greater cost 
of constructing, equipping and operat- 
ing vessels in the United States than 
in England and European continental 
countries. (2) To the fact that we of- 
fer no subsidies while foreign govern- 
ments, notably those of France, Ger- 
many, Great Britain and Japan, give 
very heavy subsidies in one form and 
another. The reason farmers are in- 
terested financially in the question, is 
because we must soon seek foreign 
markets more and more for our agri- 
cultural as well as other products, and 
this can best be done by American 
shipping. Able speeches and a few ora- 
torical flights were made by several 
speakers, but on the whole the ablest 
and most convincing speech which was 
made was the concluding one of the 
meeting by Hon. J. T. McCleary, As- 
sistant Postmaster General. His points, 
greatly condensed, were somewhat as 
follows: The first duty of any govern- 
ment is to provide for the common de- 
fense. True statesmanship seeks to 
do this with the maximum efficiency 
at the minimum of expense. Our land 
defense is easy; our water defense is 
difficult. Why? The Great Creator 
saved thru all the ages the richest, 
choicest, most beautiful of all lands, on 
purpose for ours, the wisest and best 
of all governments. Its very size and 
isolation bounded only by vast oceans 
and great lakes and gulfs, makes a 
very small standing army sufficient, 
not larger than those of the smaller 
principalities of the old world. This 
small nucleus can be swiftly enlarged 
from our militia, composed of men 
trained inexpensively in the rudiments 
of war. trained thoroly in all the arts 
of peace, and supported without public 
cost by working at their various trades 
and professions, so that in case of 
war civil engineers, bridge builders, 
locomotive drivers, repairers of all 
kinds of machinery are at hand and 
in great abundance in the militia. — 
But the oceans, gulf and lakes that 
gird our land, the very environments 
which make our land defense easy, 
make our naval defense difficult. This 
is evident. Our vast coast-line is mo6t 
pregnable at countless points. Hence 
we must have, and really do have, one 
of the best navies on the seas, so far 
as the size and excellence of the battle 
ships themselves are concerned. But 
the support is lamentably weak. Each 
war ship must have quite a little fleet 
of colliers, hospital ships, supply ves- 
sels, swift cruisers for scout duty, and 
the like. When England and other Eu- 
ropean nations need such supporting 
or reserve vessels they at once appro- 
priate them from their vast subsidized 
merchant marine. We have tin surh 
source of supply, and when our fleet 
of war vessels started latelv on its 
long cruise, all these subsidiary or 
supportihg vessels hut one tr+re lor- 
cifjn. We had no merchant marine of 
our own to draw on Rut a laruc mer- 
chant marine, nearlv solf-supporttng 
in time of peace, should hear the same 
relation to the regular pavv. th*>t o<<r 
nearly aelf-suppnrtinr mJlUJl bears to 
our regular or standing nrmv. There 
are two ways to secure such re=«>rvps. 
so vital to our Bafetv: First. fr» r the 
Government to build and own ail op- 



erate them at the vast expense of over 
$100,000,000 at first and $25,000,000 per 
year for maintenance and depreciation. 
Second, for private individuals or 
companies to build them and operate 
them as a merchant marine in time of 
peace. But this, as experience proves, 
requires government subsidies of some 
sort, at vastly less expense, however, 
than for the government itself to build, 
equip and maintain them in peace as 
reserves for time of war — especially 
as we have "years of peace to weeks of 
war." — To us this seemed the strong- 
est argument presented, tho that of 
consistency in the doctrine of "protec- 
tion" appealed to Republicans, and that 
of the competition of our own mer- 
chant marine to hold down and pre- 
vent exorbitant ocean freights appeals 
to ocean shippers, importers and ex- 
porters — indeed, to all consumers. 

Every intelligent American who has 
investigated this subject is in favor 
of encouraging the creation and main- 
tenance of an American merchant ma- 
rine, but most of them are opposed to 
the subsidy plan, mainly for reasons 
above suggested. But some plan must 
be adopted. This country is handi- 
capped without it, even In times of 
peace, and if war comes, we would be, 
in a manner, helpless, and the purchase 
or building of necessary ships, aside 
from necessary or even fatal delay, 
would cost perhaps ten times as much 
as a sufficient subsidy would in many 
years of operation. Perhaps the differ- 
ential tariff plan, in operation in the 
early history of this country, would 
accomplish the purpose, just as it did 
then, but it would decrease our reve- 
nues far more, no doubt, than a straight 
subsidy would. If a bill can be drawn 
that will not favor wealthy ship-own- 
ers and ship-builders at the expense of 
the people, we think a great majority 
of our people would favor it. 

The State Grange at its 
Good Roads, recent session adopted a 
resolution favoring an 
increase in the state appropriations 
for good roads. Under the law as it 
now stands, the state pays 25 percent 
of the cost of good roads and the coun- 
ty pays three-fourths; of the county's 
share, the township must pay one-third 
(or 25 percent of the whole cost — same 
as the state); 10 percent of this Is a 
charge on the whole township and 15 
percent is assessed upon abutting 
property owners, in proportion to the 
benefit that accrues. Hence, the state 
pays 25 percent, the county ,50 per- 
cent, and the township 25 percent of 
the whole cost. Of thi6 25 percent 
township apportionment, 10 percent 
is charged to the township as a whole, 
and 15 percent to the abutting prop- 
erty owners; in other words, the town- 
ship pays two-fifths of its share and 
the abutting property owners three- 
fifths. This makes the abutting prop- 
erty pay 15 percent of the entire cost. 
The Grange recommends that the state 
pay 50 percent, the county 30 percent, 
the township 10 percent, and abutting 
property owners 10 percent. This is 
also favored by the State Board of 
Commerce and the various good road 
associations, auto clubs, etc. The 
Grange also advocates other changes 
in the law as follows: 

"That in the event the county com- 
missioners of any county refuse or 
neglect to make use of any apportion- 
ment for state aid by the legislature, 
townships may petition the depart- 
ment and use such apportionment. That 
in the event any county or locality 
from neglect, indifference or other- 
wise falls to make proper application 
within the specified time the appor- 
tionment to that county shall be re- 
apportioned to the counties or locali- 
ties applying for state aid. That a gen- 
eral appropriation be made by the Gen- 
eral A»6emhly for the above purposes 
of $5,000 per county for the year 1908." 

These proposed amendments are all 
In the right direction. The proposed 
appropriation of $5.0041 to each county 
would make the total $440,000, for the 
state. We think this should be dou- 
bled—make the total $1,000,000. The 
state has a surplus of about $6,000,000 
in the treasury, and one million of 
this could be put to no better «ise than 
improving the public roads — or rath 
er. giving the new good roads law a 
prcper start. The present law \ a - 
passed in 1904. Two years later only 
eight counties in the state had taken 
advantage of It, but now more than «V> 



Jan. 4, 1908 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



11-11 



counties out of the 88 have m?de ag 
plication for state aid. With the pro- 
posed amendments of the State Grange-, 
every county would get busy, for auy 
county that failed to go into it would 
lose all appropriation from the state, 
and any township that refused good 
roads would suffer the same way. The 
farmers would simply have to pay 
for building good roads in other town- 
sips and counties, and get no home 
benefit from the law. The auto clubs 
of Ohio are active in the good roads 
enterprise, and are working for the 
same reforms the State Grange propos- 
es. They have the farmers' interest 
in view and are working in harmony 
with them. Mr. W. S. Gilbert, in a re- 
cent Cleveland Leader article sets forth 
the views of autoists in a clear and 
forcible manner. They are substan- 
tially the same as the Ohio Farmer 
has presented hitherto. Mr. Gilbert 
winds up his article with this signifi- 
cant assertion: "Every autoist who of- 
fends a farmer makes an enemy to 
the good roads movement." We shall 
comment further on this subject here- 
after. 

On December 20 
Attorney General the Plumbers' 
Ellis and the Trust of Ohio 
Trusts. was dissolved by 

the United States 
court at Dayton. Twenty plumbing sup- 
ply firms in Ohio were in the com- 
bination, five of them in Cleveland. 
Attorney General Ellis prosecuted the 
case. There was no fine levied; the 
combination was simply dissolved and 
forbidden to operate as such hereafter. 
This is another evidence of the ac- 
tivity and earnest purpose of Mr. El- 
lis in the work of destroying illegal 
combines in Ohio, created and operat- 
ed to rob the people by wholesale. Mr. 
Ellis has made a good record and has 
thereby completely refuted the charges 
and insinuations of his enemies early 
in the campaign against the notorious 
bridge trust. The plumbers' supply in- 
terest has been in operation for many 
years and has robbed the people of 
this country of millions of dollars. 
There has also been a plumbers' 
trust, evidently, for prices and rates 
of labor are practically uniform, and 
generally outrageous. No one but a 
plumber could purchase anything t)f 
the firms in the supply trust. The 
writer of this comment tried, several 
years ago, to purchase a porcelain 
bath-tub, to take the place of an old 
zinc tub, but he could not do it except 
thru a plumber, at an exorbitant 
price, and had to employ the plumber 
to put it in, at 50 cents an hour for a 
man and the same wages for a boy 
helper. The law should compel every 
dealer to sell to every one, upon the 
same terms and conditions. We hope 
that Attorney General Ellis will be 
able to ferret out every secret combin- 
ation for the control of supplies and 
prices, in this state, and break them 
to pieces. The extreme penalty of the 
law should be applied in every case 
of conviction. It seems to us that there 
should have been a heavy fine in the 
plumbers' supply case in view of the 
wrong that has been done to the peo- 
ple and the big profits that have been 
secured. We believe this illegal com- 
bination was made thru the combine 
of plumbers themselves. 



he married Fmily Lane, who died two 
years ago, leaving him alone to run the 
farm. She was h. most estimable lady, 
and the event has been a great draw- 
back to his success. For 1C winters he 
taught a country school in connection wilh 
running his farm. From 1870 to 1885 .he 
made dairying in connection with hogs, 
his specialty. In 1884-5-C, he gradually 
dropped dairying and substituted sheep, 
making winter lambs his main object, 
with hogs a second factor. About this 
time he wrote his first article, contribut- 
ing it to the Ohio Farmer, and some of 
our older readers will remember how he 
succeeded in raising 240 lambs from 160 
ewes, during the month of February, '87. 
In 1808, after the death of his only son. 
he gave one farm of 140 acres to his only- 
daughter, living in Iowa (where he is 
now visiting), and tried to sell his home 
farm of 225 acres, with the farm teams, 
machinery and breeding stock, for $12,500, 
with the intention of moving to Bryan 




WALTER S. TOMLINSON. 
Who will write exclusively for the Ohio 
Farmer. 

and engaging in the banking business, 
but he could not find a buyer at that 
price. So he concluded to make an ex- 
periment station of the farm, to show 
that a farm properly managed can be 
made to pay as well as banking, or any 
other business. He rented his daughter's 
farm, made hogs his prime object, with 
sheep a close second, and conducted the 
farm on strictly business principles. 
Many of our readers will remember the 
account of his success, as published in 
the Ohio Farmer last summer, showing 
that in 8 years, he had been able to save 
and make investments in more feed, ma- 
chinery, live stock and land, from the 
surplus profits of the farm, amounting in 
value to $21,865 after having a good liv- 
ing off the farm, a $500 cash salary, and 
an annual cash dividend each year of $1,- 
000 clear of all expenses. 



FIELD NOTES. 



WALTER S. TOMLINSON. 



Walter S. Tomlinson has been writing 
for the Ohio Farmer for many years. He 
Is one of the most extensive and most 
successful swine growers and swine feed- 
ers in Ohio, and his articles on these 
and related subjects have attracted wide 
attention. He is a man of liberal educa- 
tion and knows how to write as well as 
to farm. Recently he has been writing 
some for one or two other journals, but 
soon hereafter readers of the Ohio Farm- 
er will be the only ones to profit by his 
instructive articles. He now stands ready 
to reply to all inquiries on matters that 
may be requested of him, thru the Ohio 
Farmer. 

We present on this page a portrait of 
the man. Readers will get closer to him, 
and read what he writes with greater in- 
terest, by knowing what he looks like. 
The following brief sketch of his life will 
also add to the interest in his writings: 

Walter S. Tomlinson was born in Bry- 
an. Ohio, June IS. 1843. where his father, 
who died in 1906, aged 97 years, was con- 
ducting a general store. In 184S they 
moved onto a farm near Williams Cen- 
ter, four miles distant, where the elder 
Tomlinson conducted a store and ashery, 
and dealt in live stock, and here our cor- 
respondent received his education, at a 
good seminary. In 1861. at the age of 18. 
he enlisted in the 38th Ohio Infantry, and 
served his country until the close of the 
Civil War, when he bought an unimproved 
fo>— i tj,p edge of Defiance Countv. 
which is his present home. In 1867 



Wyandot Co., O., (C.) Dec. 23.— Cold 
rains, turning to snow. Live stock of all 
kinds in good condition. Wheat in the 
ground looking for the start; most of it 
is small, late sowed the worst. Wheat, 95c; 
corn, 60c cwt; timothy, $11; hogs, 4c. 
Farm work about all completed. Some 
corn in the shock; general condition is 
good.— J. W. Powell. 

Sangamon Co., 111., (C.) Dee. 24. — 
Warm and pleasant until the 15th; snow 
and rain since. Cattle and horses doing 
well on stalk fields. Public sales numer- 
ous; prices good. Oversupply of poultry 
caused a drop in the market. Turkeys, 11 
<g>14c; chickens, 6<S>7c; eggs, 20c. Disas- 
trous fire destroyed the best business 
block of New Berlin Dee. 9. Main portion 
of corn crop has been husked and cribbed 
or delivered at elevator. The condition of 
the roads has put a stop to hauling and 
other farm work. — T. A. S. 

Clinton Co., O.. (S. W.) Dec. 21.— Fine 
winter weather; some snow to protect the 
wheat. Late sowed wheat got poor start. 
Wheat. 92c; corn. 55c; baled hay, $12@14; 
oats, 50c; turkeys. 10c; chickens. 8c; but- 
ter. 20c; eggs. 28c. Farmers not done 
shredding corn yet; quite a demand for 
corn among farmers. Most of the hogs 
have gone to market; drop in price has 
been quite a disappointment to hog rais- 
ers. Horses have come down in price; 
some are hunting buyers for their sur- 
plus. — F. Brandenburg. 

St. Clair Co.. Mo.. (W. C.) Dec. 19.— 
Beautiful fall weather. Roads have been 
dry and dusty most all fall. Some rain 
and snow the first of the week. Stock of 
all kinds doing well; not much changing 
hands. Fat hogs. 4c; stockers not want- 
ed' as corn is short crop; fat cattle, 4%c; 
horses declined from $10 to $25 in last two 
months; new corn. 3S@40c; old. 40@42c; 
timothy hay. $8@10; eggs, 20c; butter. 18 
<572f>c. Farmers well up with their work. — ■ 
J. F. Estlack. 

Highland Co., O.. (S. W.) Dec. 21.— 
Pleasant winter weather: ground covered 
with snow. Stock doing very well. Wheat 
looking good. Cattle, low; hogs. 4@4t4c; 
corn. 60c; wheat. 90i7T95c: eggs. 30c; but- 
ter. 15c; chickens. 7c. Fall work nearly 
all done. Farmers are busy preparing 
their yearly supply of meat. — E. J. Dru- 
hot. 

Monroe Co.. O.. (E. C.) Dec. 23. — Fine 
winter weather: about two Inches of 
snow, fine for the wheat. Roads good. 



Stock of all kinds in good condition. 
About one-third of the corn not husked; 
lots of soft corn. Feed high. Bran. $1.30 
cwt.; wheat, 80c; oats, 40c; corn, 75c 
hogs, 3%c; cattle, 2%@3c; butter, 20c; 
eggs, 20c. More farmers are baling and 
selling hay than usual.— R. L. Cleary. 

Mahonirfg Co.. O.. (N. E.) Dec. 23.— 
Fine winter weather, very dry. Most cis- 
terns dry. Ground has been covered with 
2 in. snow for 10 days. Roads are like a 
floor; good time for hauling. Coldest day 
22 degs. above zero. All stock up except 
colts. Soft corn frozen solid; some sort- 
ed corn moulding in cribs. Wheat did not 
make much growth this fall. Corn about 
all husked. Wheat, $1; corn, 70c; no oats 
for sale; chickens, young, 11c; old 10c 
turkeys, 20c dressed. Farmers hauling 
manure and coal; but few farmers burn 
wood on account of the scarcity of tim- 
ber. — C. E. 

Defiance Co.. O.. (N. E.) Dec. 23.— 
Weather has been fine; white Christmas. 
Stock out in fields; apparently doing 
nicely. Wheat looks good; clover same. 
Wheat, $1; oats, 50c; barley, 65c; rye 70c 
hogs and cattle low. 3%@4c; chicks. 6'/,c : 
butter. 20c; eggs.' 27@?9c; milk. $1,70 cwt! 
Farmers drawing tile, rebuilding fence 
and cutting wood.— W. E. Brown. 

Emmet Co.. Mich., (N. C.) Dec. 26.— 
Weather mild with light snow fall; fair 
sleighing. Business quiet. Dressed poul- 
try market overstocked, 12c; pork. 7c; 
beef. 5c. Feed stuffs are high. $!.4n<7/ 1.5o 
per cwt. — M. N. E. 

Gallia Co., O.. (S. C.) Dec. 20.— Weath- 
er mild and fine. Corn about all husked. 
Farmers busy hauling winter fuel. Very 
little stock changing hands; all kinds 
lower in price than at same time last 
month. Large numbers of turkeys sold 
for Christmas trade. Butter, 20c; eggs, 
30c; chickens. 10c; corn. 60c; much soft 
corn in the country. All stock in good con- 
dition; good supply of roughage for feed- 
ing. More sheep in county than for many 
years. — S. N. Rees 

Fulton Co., O.. (N. W.) Dec. 23.— De- 
cember was cold and drv until now; 
warmer and raining. Corn mostly husked; 
some good but more than half is poor. 
The price of horses has dropped some be- 
cause of the high price of feeds. Cows 
are high. $40 to $100. We have two of the 
largest milk condensaries in the IT. S. 
Prices of products about the same as in 
Cleveland. Wheat. 99c: oats. 50c. Stock 
doing well. Roads good. — J. M. S. 



BAB 

muslinwear $1.00 
january sale 

Every January we 
sell Muslin Underwear 
—J anuary Sale—the way 
it's sold— Fine Goods at 
Prices attract attention 
from far and wide- 
people get what they 
need for a year and 
save money thereby. 

From Lot No. R122G---order 
some garments early in the month 
and see what exceptional values we 
are offering— you'll duplicate the 
order immediately. 

Women's fine Cambric Night Gowns — 
high, V or low neck— lace or embroidery 
trimmed, $1.00. 

Women's fine White Cambric Petti- 
coats — lawn umbrella flounce — trimmed 
with groups of tucks and lace insertion, 
$1.00. 

Nainsook Chemise — lace or embroidery 
trimmed — $1.00. 

Night Gowns. Petticoats, Chemise. Cor- 
set Covers. Drawers, every article of Wo- 
men's or Children's Muslinwear to finest 
French Hand Made. Hand Embroidered in 
large assortments at lower prices. 



Ohio Protective Association. — The ninth 
annual meeting of the Ohio State Pro- 
tective Association will be held in the 
Arcade Hotel. Springfield, on Tuesday and 
Wednesday. Feb. 4 and 5. 1908. All who 
are interested in the protection of prop- 
erty from the crimes and depredations of 
criminals, to suppress all forms of crime, 
and to secure the apprehension, convic- 
tion and punishment of criminals, are re- 
quested to send for copy of Journal and 
"How to Organize." mailed free by ad- 
dressing J. S. McGinnis, Secretary, Rich- 
wood, Ohio, Box 99. 

Ohio Plant Breeders' Association. — The 
regular annual meeting of the Ohio Plant 
Breeders' Association for the election of 
officers and discussion of the year's work 
will be held at Townshend Hall. Ohio 
State University. Columbus. O.. at 7:30 P. 
M., Tuesday, Jan. 14. At the same place 
on Wednesday morning. Jan. 15 at 9 A. 
M. the committee appointed to organize 
a state corn growers' association will 
meet with the delegates from the various 
counties of the state for that purpose. 
All persons are invited to be present at 
both of these meetings and urged to see 
that their county is represented at the 
latter. — L. H. Goddard, Sec'y Ohio Plant 
Breeders' Association. 



BOGGS 

Allegheny P. 0., 



<&, BUHL 

Pittsburg, Pa, 



WE WANT TO SEND EVERY 
GARDENER AN ASSORT- 
MENT OF GARDEN SEED 




free! 



When we eay Free we mean 
Free, we do not ask you to do 
any work or pay as one cent. 
We want yoa to try oar seeds, 
this year, at oarezpense. Next 
year we know you will send us 
your order without any urging 

OUR GREAT OFFER 

Send us you r addresa today and 
we will send you by return ma 
an aaeortrnent of Garden Seeds 
such as Badisb, Lettuce. Cab- 
age. Onions. Beets, Cucumber. 
Etc., also our big 1908 Garden 
Guide, Absolutely Free. Write 
today, a postal will do. 



ST. LOUIS SEED COMPANY 
620 C2 N. Fourth Si . St. Louis, Mo. 




Alfalfa in Trumbull Co.— Would you ad- 
vise us to try to grow alfalfa in this part 
of the state? One of our state institute 
speakers took rather strong ground on the 
subject and said that he was certain that 
we could grow the crop successfully. W. 
H. B.. Trumbull Co., O. — The success of 
alfalfa in northeastern Ohio has not been 
sufficiently established to enable any one 
to say definitely that it will succeed. We 
advise you to try it. but only in an ex- 
perimental way. Sow a small area and 
give it good cultural advantages and let 
the result decide for you. We would ad- 
vise you to follow the instructions of the 
state experiment station in making the 
test. 




OHIO FARMER PAYS ADVERTISERS. 
Binghamton. N. Y., Dec. 20. 1907. 

The Ohio Farmer and your Michigan 
Farmer have always been on our lists, 
and probably always will be as long as 
we are advertising. We will probably be- 
gin again with the January first issue 
of both papers. — Osgood Scale Co., By O. 
J. Fowler. Sec'y. 

Bellefontaine. O.. Dec. lfi. 1907. 

Enclosed find payment for my adv. of 
Polled Durham bulls. I must say that the 
adv. was very satisfactory, as I received 
about 70 inquiries from your paper. — A. 
LeSourd. 

Ravenna. O.. Dec. 11. 1907. 

Please stop mv adv. of Jersey- bulls, as 
it has sold them.— S. E. Gillett. 

Atwater. O.. Dec. 7. 1907. 

Enclosed find cheek in payment for 
three months' advertising of Southdown. . 
Shropshire and Oxford sheep. We have 
made a great many sales, thru your pa- 
per; in all parts of Ohio, Pa. and W. Va., 
and received a host of inquiries. You will 
hear from us again. — W. L. Porter Son. 
Davis. W. Va.. Dec. 20. 1907. 

Enclosed find check in payment for our J 
adv. Your paper sold every Duroc-Jer- 
sey hog that we had. It sold some in 
New York and Vermont. We will be with 1 
you again next summer. — Hanna & Han- • 
na. 

New London. O.. Dec. 14. 1907. 
Please discontinue my ferret adv. in the 1 
Ohio Farmer, as I am all sold out. Am 
keeping more breeders than ever before, 
and will be with you again next season. — j 
W. J. Wood. 



Htm*. 



.908 INTRODUCTION 



A new, very productive, main-crop white po- 
tato offered this year for the first time. 

Yield record, 586 bushels per acre; 12 to 15 market- 
able tubers in a hill; vines 6 feet long. 

Tried last year in many states it beats every- 
thing for vigor of vine and proline yield. 

Send postal for Handsome Illustrated Catalogof 
Seed Potatoes, Corn, Oats, Barley, Garden Seed*. etc. 

L L. OLDS SEED CO., ciinton^wIscons'in. 



TESTED FARM 



We are Recleaners 
of Clover. Timothy and 
a full line of Grass 
and Farm Seeds, also 
Growers, Importers 
and dealers in Garden, 
Field and Flower Jeeds. 

ite for Field Seed 
price list, also Annual 
Seed Catalog Mailed Free. 
THE HENRY PHILIPPS SEED & IMPLEMENT CO Toledo. Ohio 




?ry pr 



«ccn oats 

northern-grown, pure-bred ' Swedish Selkot" and 
"Sixty Pay" — now conceded tne best sorts. Send 
for free samples and catalog of liirh Yielding 
SEED OATS and SEED COKX. 
L. C. BROWN. La Grange Illinois. 



wTo Keep Farm Accounts 

Particulars Free 
Steixer & Co., Toledo Ohio, 



► 



WANTFH 

• a— a"* n a] 

dnstrlnns, practical farmers, rapid and carefnl 
milkers. Wntes *2S per month with boar.1 and 
washing. Address PHILLIPS FARM, Hudson. <>i,ic 



w 



A 



antorl i 1 1 « 1 ua- 

feeding: and care of cattle and other work. Stat* Rr«\ 
wages and reference. BOX 45, COLUM HI'S, 0l!I0. 



LWAYS mention OHIO FARMER 
when writing to our advertisers 



12—12 



'THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



HORTICULTURE 



PLANT TREES. 



Six years ago I purchased fifty seed- 
ling evergreens, about one foot high. 
They cost about $2. They were plant- 
ed in a nursery row, two feet apart. 
The picture shows the size of the 
trees now. Some of them are nearly 
ten feet high, and I am transplanting 
them about my place where I want 
wind-breaks, or desire trees for shade 
and ornament. These trees are very 
desirable to plant with maples, birch- 
es, etc., to make groups around my 
grounds. My neighbors see my nur- 
sery row and trees, and try to buy 
them. One has asked me several times 
to set a price on some of the larger 
ones, as he knew these trees would 
live when he transplanted them. 

The seedling trees and plants should 
be grown near the place where they 
are to be transplanted permanently. 



shade and ornamental trees along the ' 
roadside. 

Of the evergreens, my choice for 
wind-breaks is the Norway spruce, and i 
of deciduous trees, for roadside plac- 
ing, the sugar maple, *but I would 
plant In my nursery rows the different 
varieties of spruces, hemlocks, and ] 
firs, the cut-leaf weeping birch, the 
different kinds of maples and beeches, 
and all the ornamental hard woods, 
and the soft woods, as the popular ca"- 
talpa, and willows if you desire them. 
The latter make a quick growth, but 
are less permanent, and to my mind 
less beautiful than the hard woods. 

If you are a young man, or middle- 
aged, and have a suburban or country 
home, start a nursery of these trees, 
make your home beautiful, then plan 
for a wind-break to shelter your home, 
in after years. When the cold and 
piercing winter winds are blowing, you 
will look back on this work as one Of 
the best things you ever did, and even 
if you do not live to enjoy the results 
of your work, it will not be lost, and 
perhaps the highest and best corapcn 1 



Get Out* Three little Books 
Gn "Mopo Corn" and the 



MEW 
DEERE 

No. 



Corn 

Planter 




NURSERY ROW OF EVERGREENS. 



Nursery trees, when small, can be 
bought at a very low price. We can set 
them in nursery rows and they will 
become acclimated and a good growth 
of fibrous roots will be made, and they 
can be transplanted at our conven- 
ience, and if the work is rightly done, 
with perfect safety. For the above rea- 
sons and the one of economy I advise 
this way of obtaining trees, especially 
for ornamental planting. My experience 
is that no time is lost. Where large 
evergreens are shipped a considerable 
distance, and planted on the lawn, 
there is much uncertainty about their 
living, unless the work is done by an 
expert. 

I know of no better thing one can do 
who desires trees for planting about 
his grounds, or to make hedges and 
windbreaks, than to purchase seedling 
trees, both evergreen and deciduous 
— maples, birches, elms, etc. — or 
go to the forest for them and 
start nursery rows of these trees. 
This work can be done any time 
during the spring, before the leaves 
start, or the new foliage on evergreens, 
and even up to the first part of June, 
is not too late to plant evergreens. Se- 
lect a mellow piece of well-drained land 
and make It as rich as you would to 
grow a heavy crop of corn. Plow out a 
trench, and work it until finely pulver- 
ized, then root-prune the trees, and cut 
back the top to correspond. Set them 
in the trench two or three feet apart, 
draw fine soil about the roots and 
press it down with the feet, then level 
in the trenches up to the first branch- 
es on the trees. Place a mulch of 
strawy manure around them, and wa- 
ter a few times if dry. and be careful 
to always keep the roots of evergreens 
moist, and not expose them to sun or 
wind when transplanting. Cultivate 
along the row frequently. with the horse 
cultivator, and in a few years, you 
have trees just right for transplanting. 
You will find many uses for them. 
You will want to make groups of or- 
namental trees on your lawn, or 
grounds, a wind-break to shelter your 
house and barn, also to shelter cattle 
yards, for a protection on the north 

ii'o of garden and orchard, and for 



sations come to those who do good 
work without thought of reward. If 
you are an old man, still plant trees, 
and if you do not expect to live to en- 
joy them, find your compensation in 
the thought that you are making the 
world a better place for those who live 
after you. Whether young or old, know 
that the planting of trees is always a 
good thing to do. — W. H. Jenkins.Del- 
aware Co., N. Y. 



A B C OF ORNAMENTAL PLANT- 
ING.— I. 

A serious mistake that most people 
make is that knowledge and taste in 
the art of landscape planting can be 
acquired from outside sources; that is, 
from reading and consultation, and 
that dooryard or park beauty can be 
produced by rule. A dress — call it a 
gown if you choose — may be simply 
an article of clothing, or it may be a 
creation of infinite beauty. The first 
you may get at a department store, 
cheaply and at once, the other must 
be the work of an artistic dressmaker 
who has spent years in mastering the 
art and more or less time is spent in 
fitting, in trying on, and in making. 
There is nothing "ready-made" about 
it except the material. It is just so 
about the knowledge employed in dec- 
orating a piece of grass, whether you 
call it a dooryard, lawn, park or mall. 
It is a matter of growth and of ac- 
quirement, and just as a girl has to 
have the materials to work on in learn- 
ing the milliner's or dressmaker's art, 
so the art of artistic arrangement and 
planting is best acquired by working 
with the materials themselves. 

All education costs, and learning a 
trade causes sad wast? of material be 
fore a perfect workman is produced. 
You can not expect every bush and 
flower you plant to be a success, and a 
very important part of acquiring the 
education I am speaking of is to get 
the nerve to throw away your misfits 
instead of hanging ont.i them. For ex- 
ample, you were foolish enough to or- 
der from a stranger tree-agent a Mag- 
nolia Soulangeana. which is a pretty 
(Concluded on page 21.) 




Frea 
Book on 
"More 
Corn'' 



Just write n pcslal 
with your noma uml 
addreaa bo we can 
put you on the 
"Daera" Free Mailing Llal. Then 
you'll keep informed on all tue 

latest Improvements and volt' 3 

in farm implements. 

Rlt,'ht here is the New Deero 
No. © Edge Drop Corn Planter. 

You ought to know all about it. 
It's the most famous double-row 
combination chock-row planter or 
drill of today. 

Moat Progressive Farmers and 
Planters won't have any other. 
Best Informed deulers refuse to 
consider handling any other. 
Investigate the time-saving and 
profitable reasons why. 

Chocks Corn or 
Beans In Rows Both 
Ways Or Drills 

Daare genuine edge selection of 

coin eives highest accuracy of 
drop attainable and it has been re- 
peatedly proven that accuracy of 
planting means big increase in 
yield. Main seed shaft driven 
directly by traction wheels instead 
of by check-row wire like many 
others. That does away with all 
Bide draft and besides eaves wire 
and machine. Chance from hill 
to drill mado instantly without 
leaving seat. 

Comes Complete 
Ready to Plant With 
We make plates for ail klnde of 
corn and furnish any live sets 
wanted without extra charge. 
Eighty rods annealed steal check 
wire with automatic reel. Any 
distance between buttons from 3 ft. 
to i ft. if soordered. Alltheseand 
many other points lully explained 
and shown in our free booklets. 
Ask for"More Corn Book" No. 94. 

Deere & Mansur Co., Mollne, III. 



We catalogue 
this season sev- 
eral choice new 
vegetab les of 
sterling merit. 
EARLY MORN PEA, 
the earliest, largest podded pea known. One 
farmer harvested *-0 bushels from one planted 
and received from $3 to $3.50 per bushel. Quality 
of the best. 

GREGORY'S EARLY EXCELSIOR, the best second 
early low growing pea without any exception. 
A great favorite with the leading gardeners. 

"Bis; Crop," our new white potato, ont-yielda 
all the well-known varieties. Is less affected by 
rot, is deliciou6ly mealy. Let us tell jou all 
about it. Catalogue free. 

J. J. H. GREGORY & SON, Marbleheao, Mist. 




I istence 



A new potato, orig- ' 
inatetf right here in 
the cold North, 
where all the best 
potatoes come 
from. Rank Grow- 
er, Prodigious 
Yielder. Full of 
new life and vigor. 
H indaomest and 
,/est general crop and 
ii shipping Potato in ex- 

Large, Bound, Smooth, White. 



Free 
Leaflet 

"No. 



50* Worth Seeds FREE 



Cooks dry and mealy. Delicious flavored, 
even when unripe. For 25c ( stamps or coin), 
we will mail one pound of Late Petoskey, 
our 1908 catalog of Northern Grown 
Seeds, and a coupon good for 50c worth 
of free seeds. Catalog alone, mailed free. 
Write today. Supply very limited. 

DARLING & BEAHAN, 
Sox 101, Petoskey, Michigan. 



Free 
Pocket 
Ledger 






Ferry's Seeds 
are the best known and 
the most reliable seeds grown. 
Every packagehas behind it the reputation 
of a house whose business standards are the 
highest In the trade. 

Ferry's 1908 Seed Annual will be mailed FREE 
to all applicants. It contains colored plates, many 
engravini-'s. and fulldescripiions, prices and directions 
for planting over 1200 varieties of Vegetable and 
Flower Seeds. Invaluable to all. Send for it. 

D. M. FERRY & CO., Detroit, Mich. 



SEEDS 



OF QUALITY CD EE* 
GET 12PKTS. ri\L£i 

I will send I 2 packets of choice seeds including 1 ten cent 
packet of my Crimson Beauty Tomato and one packet each 
of 11 other vegetable varieties of new and popular sorts. 

To cover expense of packing and mailing I ask 12 cents 
which will be deducted from first order you send, amounting 
to 25 cents, from my 1 906 catalogue. 



284 Congresa Street, 



n N. Y. 



MAPLE EVAPORATORS ALFALFA 

Economical. Cheapest. A^t^^ranOTaiH^ 



Most JMiraUle. Most Economical. 
Syrup Cans ana Sap Pails. Also Manufacturers of 
the "Sunlight.'* Acetylene Gus Machine. 
McLANE-SCHANCK HDW. CO., Linesville, O. 

Seeds, Plants,* Rossis, 

Bulbs.Vines, Shrubs, Fruit and Ornamental Trees 

The best by 64 years 1 test, 1300 
acres, 60 In hardy rosea, none bet* 
terft-rown, M greenhouses of i'uims, 
Ferns, Plcns* Oeranlamsj Eyu* 
blooming Kom's and other 
things too numerous to men- 
tion. Seeds* Plants, Rosea, 
etc., by mail, Postpaid, wife 
'arrival and sataeuet lea 
guaranteed, lar-L'i rlv < *i n 
or freight. 50 choice collec- 
tions cheap in Bacta. rianta, 
( i i > - 1 — , Trecn, etc. Flecnnt 

i 68-pasre Cataloerne t'KKK. 
Send for it today and seo 
what values vro givrt for a 
little monev. 
THE STORRS & HARRISON CO. 
Box 146, PAINESVJLLE, OHIO. 

Sow Your Ciover and Timothy 



With MICHIGAN Wheelbarrow Seeder 

lt*» made rient mid iowa right. Over :» yoara in 
tlio fluid. Send for circular. 

The SEEDER MFG. CO., Box A, Homer, Mich 



New Crop 
1907 
Seed 

We have just secured a splendid stock of Alfalfa 
seed selected from many samples as the b^st. For 
the past Ave years or more the price at this season 
has been less and the grade better than in tbe 
spring. We believe ft will pay farmers to invest 
in this st<>ck now before prices advance. Write 
qnick for present price, stating quautity needed. 

LIVINGSTON SEED CO., Box 160. Columbus, O. 





STRAWBERRIES 

Millions of plants— lu." VAKIKTIKS. 
Beat of the standard and new kinds. 
Healthy. Vigorous Plants, true to 
name, parked to carry anywhere at 
popular prices. Catalogue tree. 
W. F. ALLEN, 
46 Market St., Sallabury, Md. 



THAT DO NOT DISAPPOINT 




,« r r I I J\ Bold on The Ford Plan, which gruar- 
l^a? aaB sVaj la, ^ar antoe, satisfaction and save, you 

ni'T.cy cn « very purch.ti»e. 
alofr tells about It, (rives descriptions and low price, on 
Beat varieties. Uardcn. Flower and Field Seeds, Potatoes, 
Bulbs, Trees, Shrubs and Small Fruit Plants. Contains 
lots of testimonials from our customers. It's free. 
tfOBD BEKD CO., Dept. 15 Kiiv. iiuil. Ohio. 




THE BEST STRAWBERRY 

Is Senator Dunlap— lareo. One col. rod, 
very productive. Catalog of Strsw- 
borrv ami other berryplants FREE. 
L. J. Farmer, BoxS18. Pulaski, N. Y. 



CUT ICE 



With Hie Dorsch Uoublc Row 
iCC Plow Wo guarantee it will 
rut more than 20 men •awing by ' 
hand. Cakes are ra t uuflorm. 
of any silo and thickness. One 
man and a horse will rot mora ir 
a day t hsn the ordinary farme. ai-- 
man can use. Toucan rut to others and 
make the price of our rlow In two days u»r. 
Ask lor catalogue and I"' "factory prices. 
I0BI DOhSCH & SCM 1 88 WELLS ST.. MILWAUKEE. Wl! 




Booklet on CATALPA TREES 

\a-\ me tell you about tlio 150 acres 
I am Krowlajc for Telephone Pole*. 
This wood take, the place of Ash and Hickory for Car- 
rl.ijrp-makcrs' uses. Beats farming Two to One. 
II. «.'. KOC.IKS. lto« 1. Mrrli:tni<-sl>ur(r, Ohio 



m. 



ROOFENG 



•• Oia Style Iron - 

SEND FOR CATALOGUE 

Sykcs Iron & Stool Roofing Co. ^SuS". ornS. 



Nurseries Pny Cash Weekly 

USB Want More Salesmen Evfjv- 
wkt.se. Best Contract, Best Ol'TTTT, 
roe-st n'.'ssesies— with an s2-year record. 
STAR'- HRO S. I.CU'ISIANA. MO. 

PEACH TREES £ 7 

Trees Free catalog. Freight Prepaid. Agents 
wanted Mitchell's Nursery. Beverly. Ohio 

RineAnC — ' "am hnir t ral.e nin.ene Better 
UIII9«JII£ lh »n learning a trade. Booklet 20c. 
No stamps. LOCK BOX TO. Ravenna. Ohio. 



SEED CORN 



PURDMi JflK'S nil. WHITE EarltaJI M.mr.rt Bit Eared Cora 
Inthevorld M»ds lis ha.h.l. par sera. It rr*u tint ?Scetaper 
sere fer seed Rig Hlastrated cat.kw of seed com and .11 Linda of 
Farm and C»rn>n S«t-i. m.il-1 » R» E if t. n mrr.ti'm this rarer. 
RATEKIN'S SEED HOUSE, SHENANDOAH, IOWA 
(LARGEST Sr.EP CORS GtOWXRS IN THE WORLD.) 



XPPI.K TRKKM || T -l . H cr nt. each: 5 to R ft. lPr: 
' to; IS to 4 fl. tc. Boxing free aUo Sno.ooo 

PI H'HBN 100,000 PBAK, I'll M (MKKRV. 
<U IM R, A Pit It SITU Shade and Ornamental Tree., 
small Fmlts of every description. Liberal discount for 
early orders Seenre < mir varieties now. par in the Sprlne. Onr Catalog- will tell all ahont It. Send to- 
day. Tree to everybody. MIKKKIN MIHOI.KSAI.K M KSKRIES, Dansville, N. Y. 



Our 




LITERATURE 
POETRY 
HISTORY and 
INFORMATION 



gazine Section 





The FARM BOY 

and GIRL 
SCIENTIFIC and 
MECHANICAL 



CLEVELAND, OHIO, JANUARY 4, 1907. 



Down the Mississippi. 



•By JOHN F. CUNNINGHAM. 



Partly to satisfy a long-standing cu- 
riosity to see that part of the country, 
partly because of the recent promi- 
nence given the Mississippi thru the 
investigation of the National Water- 
ways Commission, and partly because 
I wanted a quiet trip in order that I 
might rest and yet study the river's 
possibilities, I took a trip down the 
river from St. Louis recently. The old 
glory of travel on the great river is 
gone, some folks think never to re- 
turn. But there is great opportunity 
there for improvement, and if the time 
ever comes when a channel can be had 
which will accommodate deeper-draft 
boats and which will control the com- 
ings and goings of the great stream, 
Just that surely will the glory and im- 
portance of the old river trade return 
and be increased, manyfold. The wa- 
ter is there in sufficient quantity, but 
the banks are of such quality most of 
the way that the channel is very shift- 
ing and bars are constantly being 
formed and new channels cut all along. 
How to accomplish the harnessing of 
the stream is the great question. Au- 
thorities believe that by a system of 
wing dams it can be accomplished 
without having to protect the entire 
length with broken stone, revetting, etc., 
but even the wing-dam plan will mean 
the expenditure of millions of dollars. 
Men with whom I talked at different 
points seemed to be divided as to the 
possibility of ever making the Missis- 
sippi of great use from a transporta- 
tion standpoint. But the government 
engineers and some of the greatest rail- 
road and river transportation authori- 
ties in the country agree that the time 
will come again, and that not far in 
the future, when the Mississippi will 
be used for shipping, very extensively. 

The first argument that is naturally 
advanced against shippng by river is 
that it is slow. But it is a fact at pres- 
ent that freight can be shipped from 
St. Louis to Memphis by boat and de- 
livered several days quicker than if 
shipped by rail. Of course this is on 
account of the present heavy demand 
for cars and trackage and warehouse 
space at either terminal, but the fact 
remains that the water route is quick- 
er; and for freight that is at all fra- 
gile it is much to be preferred, the 
goods arriving in better condition, as 
a rule, as the trip by boat is free from 
the jolt and jar of the railroad. 

At present the Mississippi is naviga- 
ble from St. Paul to its mouth, a dis- 
tance of over two thousand miles. 
There are no thru lines of boats run- 
ning the entire length of the river.but 
different lines look after the trade of 
certain sections. One section extends 
from St. Paul to St. Louis; another 
from St. Louis to Memphis; another 
from Memphis to Vicksburg; another 
from Vicksburg to New Orleans, and 
still others handle the trade below New 
Orleans. Then there is a line running 
regularly between Memphis and Cin- 
cinnati. The Ohio is navigable its en- 
tire length, from its formation by the 
confluence of the Allegheny and the 
Monogahela rivers at Pittsburg. When 
the water is deep enough it is used to 
transport great quantities of coal to 
towns lower down on the Mississippi 
system. It is not navigable during the 
entire year, however, navigation being 
closed usually from September first to 
January first. The upper Mississippi is 
also closed to navigation during the 
late fall months for the same reason as 
well as on account of the ice. 

It would be hard to find a trip that 
would interest one who had not taken 
it more than this trip down the Fath- 



er of Waters, which is the meaning of 
the old Indian name. Here is a stream 
which drains an area estimated at 1,- 
246,000 square miles of the richest and 
most productive land in the world, an 
area that contributes a vast proportion 
of the products that give America her 
agricultural pre-eminence; where corn 
and cotton, the two great American 
kings, sit enthroned in all their glory, 
where all of earth's products reach the 



ed the boat at St. Louis we were told 
that it was due to leave at three o'clock 
in the afternoon. It was about half 
past two at that time so there was 
nothing to do but to wait until the 
boat was ready to start. The freight was 
being carried aboard and placed about 
the deck for the trip down river. This 
was interesting to me, as I was more 
or less familiar with the loading and 
unloading of the boats upon the Great 
Lakes. Every pound of freight that 
comes aboard one of these boats comes 
on a nigger's back, shoulder or head. 
I use that term, so rough and uncouth 
in the North, because it is used univer- 
sally in the South. It is never, "How 
many men have you in your crew?" but 




A TYPICAL MISSISSIPPI SCENE. 



pinnacle of great quality and where 
mo. and women nurture the spirit of 
thrift and devotion that makes up the 
fine quality of patriotism that has al- 
ways been characteristic of the entire 
section — North and South. This great 
river, therefore, draining as it does 
this rich agricultural empire, carrying 



"How many niggahs have you got 
aboard?" The term is used by blacks 
and whites alike, so it must not be 
considered out of place here. Every- 
thing is handled about as it was before 
the war except that the old-fashioned 
gang plank has been replaced by what 
is called a staging. This staging con- 




THE KOCASTI.E DECK. 



incalculable quantities of its fertility 
down to the sea each year, and furnish- 
ing a great artery of commerce, can 
not help but interest the thinking man. 

But it is more the simple story of 
the trip itself that 1 am to tell than 
to enter into a discussion of the possi- 
bilities of the river. When we board- 



sists of a great gang plank, weighing 
several tons, which is supported in the 
middle from the arm of a derrick. This 
permits its being handled by the assist- 
ance of block and tackle and makes it 
possible to land satisfactorily where a 
landing by the old-fashioned method 
would be practically impossible. Some 



of the boats carry two of these sta- 
gings, one on either side while others 
carry one only, so rigged that it can 
be swung to either side of the bow. 
They are always carried at the bow, 
for that is where all freight and pas- 
sengers come aboard. The power that 
raises this staging is furnished by a 
donkey engine (or nigger engine, as 
it is called on the boats) exerted thru 
the capstan of the boat. This capstan 
can also be worked by man power, of 
course, if the engine power gives out 
for any reason. 

It was interesting to watch the 
"rousters" as the fellows who carry the 
freight aboard are called. The gang at 
the St. Louis levee was composed of 
all types, but principally black. All the 
rouster (which is the short for rousta- 
bout) does, is to carry parcels of 
freight. Two stevedores put it on the 
rouster's shoulder, a man at the gang- 
way tells him where to go and when 
he gets there two more stevedores re- 
lieve him of his burden and place it 
properly. Then the roust<"- goes back 
for another load, being exceedingly 
careful not to walk past the man in 
front of him who may have stopped to 
light his pipe, take a little snuff, etc.! 
The line moves especially slow when 
the mate is not looking and if he looks 
the other way long enough the gang 
will stop entirely for they must not 
make any mistake! Everything must 
be done only as ordered and only when 
ordered. But these same fellows, who 
are naturally so lazy, can accomplish a 
wonderful amount of work. It seems 
to be an admitted duty to tote anything 
that is put upon them. At St. Louis a 
black boy carried a great coil of wire 
aboard that was said to weigh nearly 
four hundred pounds; at any rate four 
men carried it off when it was unload- 
ed. Another came trudging over the 
gang plank with a small, thin box of 
paper that may have weighed six to 
eight pounds, and he made just as 
much of an effort as the next man who 
carried a bale of hay! 

Weil, they kept carrying on freight 
until the forecastle deck (the low?r 
deck forward), the entire lower deck 
and the cabin deck were piled high 
with freight of all kinds and the Tex- 
as (upper or hurricane deck) had its 
cargo also. By the time the boat was 
loaded it was nearly five o'clock instead 
of three, as formerly announced. Then 
all of the rousters lined up at the pur- 
ser's window and were paid off, after 
which they went ashore and gathered 
in a close group, as I thought, to see 
the boat start. 

But the boat did not start. Instead, the 
captain paced about the upper deck im- 
patiently, stopping every few minutes 
to stare at the gang on the levee and 
say a few words not intended for pub- 
lication. I asked him what the gang 
was doing and he said. "Wranglin' over 
wages." It soon developed that the 
boats on the river have no regular 
crews, but ship a new gang at the be- 
ginning of each round trip. This, of 
course, refers merely to the freight 
handlers, or roustabouts. The argu- 
ment referred to above was the regu- 
lar way of agreeing on what the roust- 
ers were to be paid. And it should be 
understood that these fellows, most of 
whom can neither read nor write, and 
most of whom have prison records, do 
not work for a mere pittance. Their 
monthly wages range all the way from 
fifty to one hundred and twenty dol- 
lars, depending upon how badly they 
are needed. The boats carry from twen- 
ty to forty of them at a trip, so it will 
be seen that their wages make quite an 
item in the expense of the trip. They 
are not paid a cent until the round trip 
is nearly completed, for as soon as one 
of them has money he proceeds to be- 
come independent and will slip ashore 
at the first opportunity, especially if 
there is much work in sight ahead. As 



14 — 14 [Magazine Section.] 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



it is, even tho they are well paid these 
follows seldom have any money. Ev- 
erything they get is soon squandered 
or gambled away. It is a fact that in 
the short period (generally about two 
hours), from the time they are paid 
until the boat lands at the end of the 
trip, practically all of the money that 
is paid the whole gang of rousters 
finds its way into the pockets of three 
or four, and the rest will not have a 
thing to show for all of their hard 
work. This is accomplished thru the 
agency of that gentle game called 
"shootin' craps," or throwing dice. The 
levee nigger is an inveterate and con- 
stant crap shooter, and a game can 



generally be found in progress on the 
lower deck. 

At last our crew for the down trip 
came slouching aboard, one by one, and 
we cast off, swung out into the stream 
and headed down for Memphis. Eads 
bridge gradually faded away in the 
smoke and mist and we were sliding 
down into new scenes to the accom- 
paniment of the soft pouf. p^iif, of the 
exhaust from the great engines that 
drove the paddle wheel. We then had 
an opportunity to look about us and 
make a calmer survey of our floating 
temporary home. 

(Continued in next Magazine.) 



ruit of the Desert 




"By E. L. VINCENT. 



CHAPTER III. 

The embarrassment of the situation 
was at length broken by Alice Gregg, 
who turned to Mr. Cemeron with 
these words: 

"You received our telegram?" 

The 'old man reached over and took 
a piece of yellow paper from the stand 
which was near his couch. 

"Here it is." 

"Of course you understand it? We 
learn that the property is in the mar- 
ket. We are ready to tike it, and I 
am here to close the bargain." 

The old Scotchman lay there for a 
moment, his eyes fixed steadily upon 
the cold, unimpassioned face of the 
woman. 

"An' who do you mean, noo? I dinna 
ken that ever I saw you before. Ex- 
plain yersel' a bit." 

"That is true, sir. I must go back a 
little," she continued, drawing a lit- 
tle closer to the couch. "I am in the 
employ of the elevator company at 
Stoneham. You know Mr. Stone, who 
conducts the business there? You have 
Siad some dealings with him?" 

"I sold him the lan' for his elevator. 
Yes." 

"So I understand. Now we wish to 
buy the rest of the land there." 
"All of it?" 
"All of it." 

Mr. Cameron closed his eyes for a 
moment. It tired him to look at this 
woman. All the while he kept saying 
to himself, "She has no soul! She's 
sold hersel' to the De'il!" 

"And you are to name your own 
price," the chilling voice went on. 
"Anything within reason." 

Harry Blakely started at the sound 
of these words. He had been studying 
the ground over while he had been si- 
lently listening, and now it all flashed 
over his mind. From his place in the 
office Stone must have seen him and 
Uncle Gid talking together about the 
site; and then, too, Tom Blackmer 
might have betrayed something of 
what had been said by the farmers be- 
fore they started for home thru the 
rain. Putting one thing with another 
the dealer must have concluded that 
there was to be a movement to obtain 
a site for a new elevator, and he had 
at once started Alice Gregg on this 
mission. 

The old man had now opened his 
eyes and was looking keenly at Alice. 

"Why dinna he come, his ain sel'?" 

"Because he preferred to send me, I 
suppose, sir!" 

A smile had come to the face of the 
young woman now. 

"An' did he tell you that I micht 
speak my ain price for that land?" 

"I know they will stand by anything 
I may do!" 

"But why is there such stress aboot 
it? I dinna understan' it. I never heard 
that there was ony such call for land 
in Stoneham as that a mon micht get 
his ain price for his property. Hoo is 
it, noo? Tell me, gin ye can." 

Harry Blakely now came forward 
and standing with his honest eyes 
looking straight down into those of the 
old man said: 

"I think it is now time for me to 
say a word, sir, if you will let me. I 
have no wish to stand between you 
and the sale of your land in Stoneham. 
That must be just as you see fit to do, 
after I have told you the real truth 
about the transaction now on foot." 

"That's what I want to know. Speak 
yer mind oot fair." 

For years we have sold our wheat 



to Mr. Stone, you know. He has been 
the only one we had to deal with. 
There is no other market for us. I do not 
say that he has always taken advan- 
tage of us. You know him. You know 
whether he would do such a thing or 
not." 

"Yes; I ken a' aboot the mon. Ye 
dinna need to tell me onything!" 

"Today he offers us ten cents per 
bushel less for our grain than we feel 
that we should take; ten cents below 
the great grain markets of the coun- 
try allowing for freight and commis- 
sion. And we have decided that the 
time has come when we should make 
a stand for ourselves. So we met to- 
gether, a little handful of us, just be- 
fore I started from Stoneham, and 
laid our plans for a new elevator of 
our own, so that we might be independ- 
ent of all other buyers. We can hold our 
wheat until the market warrants our 
selling. You own the land all about the 
site of the old elevator, including the 
spot we wish to buy. We are not quite 
quick enough in reaching you with 
our offer, but in making up your mind 
about it, perhaps you may like to 
think of this side of the question, as 
well as that Miss Gregg has placed be- 
fore you; for that means a monopoly 
of the grain handling for that station. 

"Oh, aye! I see noo!" the old man 
said, keenly watching the expression 
on the faces of both the young people. 
"An' it's a square issue between ye! I 
see. I see!" 

"But we will take it all. They only 
wish a small piece of the land. We 
have the money to pay you whatever 
you may think the property is worth, 
while they" — 

The crippled Scotchmaan half raised 
himself on his elbow and crumpling 
the message he had been holding in 
his hand till it was a mere strip of 
paper he said fiercely: 

"I'll no' sell ye a fut o' lan'! No' a 
single fut! Ye can gae back to yer 
maister an' tell him he's missed his 
mark gin he thinks that Robert Cam- 
eron'll prove a traitor to his ain! Gin I 
could see him I would tell him sae 
till his verra face! But he's a coward, 
a brazen coward! Why didna he coom 
his ain sel'? I ken weel why he didna! 
And so does he! So he sendet ye, a 
wumman, to pull the wool o'er my een! 
But he canna dae it! I'll ha'e naeth- 
ing to dae wi' his black scheme!" 

The fair schemer grew pale as she 
listened to the old man's scathing 
words. Not a word did she say, and 
Cameron went on: 

"He thought to find me ready to 
sell my soul, as he's sold his, an' as, 
I doot me not, ye've sellet yer ain, for 
a bit song. He forgot that I was a 
shepherd in my ain coontrie, afore I 
came till America. After that I maket 
my hame wi' the farmer folk of this 
prairie coontry. I ha'e aye lovet them. 
They are a true folk. They ha'e their 
troobles and their joys. Ain of the 
hard things of these latter days is that 
the people ha'e maket their laws too 
lax. Men like Peter Stone an' the like 
that are back o' him — . Oh I ken a' 
aboot it!" he exclaimed seeing the 
movement Miss Gregg was mating by 
way of protest. "He's put hissel' intil 
the clutches o' the money poo'er. He's 
one of them noo. He's nae langer his 
ain master. He must dae whatever thoy 
say he must, nae matter what he 
thinks aboot it. An' they ha'e ta'en ad- 
vantage of the people who gave them 
their verra being. An' they're daein' 



a' they can to squeeze the verra life 
bluid oot o' the ones that hae been 
their best friends, aye, that ha'e given 
them the breath o' their lives! An' noo 
they come an' ask me, old Robert Cam- 
eron, to help them oot wi' their mees- 
erable schemin'! But I'll never dae it! 
I'll never dae it!" 

He sank back on his couch. The ef- 
fort had well-nigh tired him out. He 
closed his eyes. Not a sound could be 
heard in the room save the ticking of 
the clock. 

Appy, the sweet young lady whom 
Mr. Cameron had called his daughter, 
was now standing by her father's side 
holding one of his hands in her own 
and with the other gently stroking the 
forehead upon which the blue veins 
stood out large and purple with the 
mad flood which was coursing thru 
them. 

"There, father!" she said tenderly, 
"I wish this had not come to trouble 
you. But try hard to be calm." Then 
turning to Harry she went on: "You 
see how weak he is. I hoped the mes-' 
sage would be enough to keep this from 
him. We did not know all about it, or 
we might not have opened the door to 
so many at once." 

Harry rose with an apology. 

"You will pardon me. I see it is too 
much. I will not press him farther." 

But the old man heard the words and 
beckoned Harry to stay. 

"I'm a' richt! Dinna ye mind it. I'm 
a' richt! I ha'e a word I think ye may 
like to take back to oor farmer friends 
at Stoneham. Appy, bring the pen and 
ink. Ye ken whaur they are keppit. 
Tnen look for the bit pile o' papers in 
the drawer o' my desk. Bring them a'. 
I'll find the ain I need." 

Feeling the gentle pressure a little 
harder on his forehead he hastened on. 

"Dinna ye worry, Appy!" Then to 
Harry. "Ye see what a babby she 
makes o' me. But I ha'e a good bit 
strength left yet." 

With an effort he pulled himself to 
a half sitting position on the bed and 
waited for his daughter to do as he 
had bidden her. While she was gone, 
the old man, utterly ignoring the 
young woman who had left her seat 
and was pacing up and down the room 
as if trying to think how she might 
meet this unexpected dilemma, called 
Harry to his side and asked: 

"Gin ye will tell me noo aboot whaur 
ye would like to pit the buildin' I'll 
fix it sae ye'll be sure o' that much, at 
ony rate! An' I'll no* tak' a single 
cent! Not a penny! I think I ha'e mak- 
et oot who ye are. I mak' na doot, yer 
the son o' Farmer Blakely. I see the 
same shine in yer een that used to be 
in his when we were lads the gither 
back on the hills o' Scotland! Gin ye-, 
're as guid a mon as yer faither, I'll 
trust ye ony where! I'll mak' the paper 
oot in yer ain name. There'll be no- 
body else till ye ha' the coompany fair 
started. After that ye can dae as ye 
like aboot transferrin' it." 

The old man had thought clear thru 
to the end while Harry himself had 
not given a thought to the fact that it 
would be possible to transfer property 
by deed only to an individual, or to 
trustees, or to a corporate body. 

By this time Appy had found the 
writing materials and placed them 
where her father could reach them as 
he wished. Bringing his right arm to 
the tablet she placed before him the 
old man began writing. Now and then 
he stopped to ask Harry some question 
about the location of the land upon 
which the farmers would like to place 
the new elevator. A^ide from these 
questions and the answers Harry gave, 
silence reigned in the little room. 
Once Mr. Cameron stopped to rest and 
to say with eyes shining brightly thru 
his glasses: 

"Ye dinna ken that for mair than 
forty years I was a justice o' the 
peace, did ye? Mair than forty years! 
Mony an' mony a paper such as this 
ha'e I maket toot. I ha'e no' forgettet 
hoo they go. It's a guid thing noo!" 

And he wrote on. 

Then be laid the pen down on the 

stand close by his side, and the pa- 
per with it. and leaned back on his pil- 
low. 

"Ye'll need to gang oot noo and cet 
a squire or a notary to finish it. He'll 
tnk' the acknowledgement, an' that'll 
finish it. It's cettin' late noo. but ye'll 
find somebody still in his office." 

Appy followed Harry to the door 
pnd directed him down the street to- 
\tf-i t v o nearest office TTarr»- lost nn 



time in springing into the carriage 
which had been waiting for him, as 
had also been the one which brought 
Miss Gregg. Slamming the door be- 
hind him he gave orders to be driven 
as rapidly as possible to the office of 
the justice Appy had sent him to. 

Not more than a quarter of an hour 
was consumed in the search for the of- 
ficial. Harry took him into the car- 
riage with him and together they hur- 
ried to the home of Mr. Cameron. 

Wondering a little that no one mat 
him at the door, Harry did not stop to 
ring but went in, hastened up the 
stairs to the room where he had left 
the old man, opened the door and 
looked about him. 

Not a living soul was there except 
Mr. Cameron, and he had a wild look 
on his face. The deed was missing 
from its place on the stand! Had Alice 
Gregg taken it? Where was she? And 
where was the old Scotchman's daugh- 
ter? Why had she left him, almost ex- 
hausted as he was? 

(To be continued.) 



NEW YEAR. 



BY BVTII RAYMOND. 



New Year is not celebrated in such 
a glorious fashion in the United States 
as it is in foreign countries. Mythol- 
ogy represents Father Time falling 
and dying and a new-born personifica- 
tion rising out of his shadow, and we 
still have our "watch night" in church 
and hall, to bid the Old Year goodbye 
and to hail the New. 

In France New Year's is the chief 
festival of the year, and giving is the 
order of the day. With the French the 
observance of the day combines the 
ancient customs of the Druids, Romans 
and early Christians. It is everybody's 
day, giving freedom to large and 
small. In Scotland also New Year's is 
the day of days, for feasting and cele- 
brating. Daft Days, or "crazy days," 
include the last day of the old year 
and the first of the new year. The chil- 
dren dress in fantastic costume and 
clubbing together go from house to 
house on New Year's eve, and knocking 
at the doors cry "Hogmanay," and re- 
ceive in response, rich fruit cake, 
cheese and other goodies. It is consid- 
ered a bad omen if the housewife has 
not enough cake in the house to sup- 
ply the little beggar and the future 
good or ill of the family depends much 
on her generosity at this time. 

In England the old year is rung out 
by muffled bells until the midnight 
hour when clear chimes proclaim the 
New Year born. The front and back 
doors are swung open at midnight to 
let the bad spirits out and the good 
spirits in and all the peacock feath- 
ers in the house are thrown out. A 
gift of wood, coal, bread, salt or a lit- 
tle package of money is placed on the 
doorstep, for the poor who may come 
and claim a gift for the New Year. 

Germans keep New Year's eve, in a 
hilarious manner. The unlucky pedes- 
trian who dares to wear a silk hat is 
roughly handled by the noisy crowd 
who with jokes surround him and with 
the cry, "Hut ab," crush his hat over 
his ears. In Japan and China, New 
Year's day of the Gregorian calendar, 
is observed, and the rule is that all 
debts must be settled at the end of the 
old year. In China the sacred lily must 
be in bloom in every home to insure 
good luck for the year, and thru the 
ceremonies which follow this flower 
is much used for decoration, even more 
than the holly is with us for the Christ 
mas festival. On New Yc .r's day the 
people meeting in the street salute with 
the words, "I humbly wish you joy." 
They have red paper mottoes on the 
houses, unless there has been a death 
in the family during the year, when 
blue paper is used. The cities are gaily 
decorated with artificial flowers and 
lanterns. In Japan it is the custom 
to call on friends and give gifts. "Awa- 
ha." the mussel shell, is given much 
as an emblem of the frugality of their 
forefathers. 

In Turkey at the city of Caesarea, 
w here St. Basil was born. New Year's 
eve is called St. Basils eve. and the 
women for dayp before are busy mak- 
ing St. Basil cake, and on the eve 
of the New Year the Rajah bays go In 
droves from door to door knocking un- 
til the door is opened and they are 
served with this delicious cake. Then 
thev sine pones and call down hlps<5- 
iii"^ on t*ie V""" ! "< v; 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



, [Magazine Section.] 



15 — 15 



A New=Year Talk withanOld Bell 



"By J. E. BOOS. 



Hello! Mr. Bell! I've climbed 'way 
up here in the tower to talk over old 
times, before you tell the world that the 
New Year is born. In these cold, dreary 
c.ays of winter, when the wind and the 
snow blow in upon you, here out of 
sight of the throng below, I should 
think you would be miserable if it 
were not for this chime which hangs 
about you. This old St. Peter's church 
i feels proud of you, and the people of 
Albany love to listen to the chimes 
when they ring each Sunday morning, 
calling them to service. The tunes, as 
they float out upon the clear, cold air, 
make the day seem 
more sacred, and in 
thought bring us back 
to the days before 
chimes hung in the 
old church and you 
were the only occupant 
of the belfry. That was 
before the Boys of '61 
marched away for the 
South, to fight in de- 
fense of the Union, for 
this church was built in 
18G0, you remember. 
Those were the days 
when no other bell 
could outring you, or 
be heard a greater dis- 
tance. Every Sunday 
morning and afternoon 
you told the people that 
time of service was 
drawing near; on funer- 
al days and wedding 
days, you tolled mourn- 
fully or rang joyfully, 
as suited the occasion. 

But now it is only 
once a year that I hear 
your voice, and how sol- 
emn are the words, as 
you tell us that a new 
year is born. You re- 
mind me of the preach- 
er, in the pulpit below, 
warning the congrega- 
tion of the sin and fol- 
ly in the world and exhorting them to 
a purer and better life. All these days, 
silent days, here in the belfry, watch- 
ing the city's streets, seeing the high 
and the low as they pass, hearing of 
the good and the bad deeds of these 
creatures who are below; does it make 
your heart sad and full of sorrow? Is 
this the reason that your voice sounds 
so low and solemn, as you toll the 
numbers one — nine — ten — eight? 
Well! We need solemn words in this 
glad new-year; a moment to think of 
the duties and the responsibilities that 
will be ours, until that day when an- 
other year shall be born. So speak in 
your low and measured tone, that all 
men may stop and pray God, while 
they listen, for purer hearts and 
stronger wills in the coming months 
of this Happy New Year. When the 
preacher has finished, the choir sings 
its joy-songs and the congregation 
files out, the church being filled with 
the music that lightens the hearts, 
while the souls have resolved to .live 
better lives. So with the chime that 
about you hangs; when your words 
are finished, its notes revel in joy and 
the glad notes fill the cold, still air, 
striking into the hearts below, and 
they, with merry laughter, wish all 
who pass, a prosperous and a happy 
New Year. 

How different now, from the days 
of long ago, when you hung in the bel- 
fry of that little church in the middle 
of State street, years before any of 
the houses were built that stand today. 
Yes! You are right. This old town of 
Albany was proud of you then, and 
your voice, young and strong, called 
the people to service, before Abercrom- 
bie came to prayers, when he left for 
the expedition to Lake George, away 
back in 1758. Little did you think, 
that in so short a time you would toll 
mournfully over the body of the gal- 
lant lord Howe, who was killed in 
that battle. 

Where the old fort stood when you 
■"■ere placed in the belfry in 1751, the 
fipitol of the Empire State now 
^ands. Can you ever forget the scenes 
of revelry you saw? The redcoats as 
they marched to war, or came back 
from battle flushed with victory or 
crushed with defeat; the great Mo- 
hawk Indians, who came in and out of 



the fort at will, and traded their furs 
with the burghers, or stood about be- 
neath you in war-paint and feathers, 
ready for the war; and last of all the 
Dutchmen — with their quaint customs 
and quiet ways, who were such mighty 
fighters when the war-cry sounded 
and the battle-line formed, against 
red foes or the whites who urged them 
on? 

Do you remember the festivities on 
the day when some colonial lad took 
to himself a bride, and the way you 
used to give your blessing, when the 
minister made them one? V'ith joyous 




THE OLD QUEEN ANNE BELL — IN ST. PETER'S* CITtTRCn, 
ALBANY. 



notes you tolled the news and the 
whole town with one accord took it 
up. All who would, partook of the re- 
freshments or joined in the dance and 
games, while the band from the fort 
played lively tunes until long into the 
night. 

The world called you "The Queen 
Anne Bell," knowing full well that all 
that was British left you when your 
friend in Philadelphia, "Proclaimed 
Liberty thruout the Land." It is a 
wonder to me that some revolutionary 
society has not asked you to join their 
ranks, as a true son and partaker if 
that great event. Yes! You made an 
awful racket that July day, when the 
Declaration of Independence was read 
from the Old City Hall steps. The 
people went mad with joy, but above 
all the cheers and shouting, your voice 
could be heard and I felt sure your 
voice would become cracked like that 
of the other liberty bell, if you did not 
soon stop. 

Since the young Republic was born, 
no bell has rung its blessings on so 
many heroes as have you. That I 
know, because every regiment that 
left Old Albany and went to the front, 
passed in review before you, from 
those who fought Burgoyne at Sarato- 
ga to those who marched away in 1898. 

When the terrible strife was on for 
the preservation of the Union, little 
.did we think that you would toll 
mournfully over the bier of three of 
its leaders. Let me see. There was 
CoL.Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth, that 
hero of twenty-one, who tore down the 
rebel flag at Alexandria, Va., to be 
shot on the spot, when the brave deed 
was accomplished; he being the first 
officer to die for the Union. His body 
lay in state over night in the capitol, 
before being taken to Mechanicsville, 
his home. Only a short time later, 
came the precious clay of the mar- 
tyred President, to rest over night in 
the same spot, on its way to the Lin- 
coln home at Springfield, and. lastly, 
that of Gen. Grant rested on the same 
ground, but in a newer capitol, waiting 
to be borne to its last resting place. 
As the funeral ' processions passed 
near, you sang a funeral ode over the 
remains, as a sign that the people with 
one accord mourned the loss of these 



who in life were their leaders. 

All the progress of the city you have 
noted, from the time it was surround- 
ed by palisades, to the time the first 
railroad train in the state stopped at 
Us station, which stood almost at your 
door, until today when the city has 
spread over the hill and the valleys 
that were at one time a large forest. 

It is getting near the hour of an- 



other year, so I must go; I hav» 
talked too long and too much; I have- 
n't given you a chance to say a word, 
but I have enjoyed this chat over old 
times and when another year rolls by, 
I hope we can meet again. So good 
night, with a wish for a happy New 
Year. 

For an answer, the Old Bell solemn- 
ly tolled, one, nine, ten, eight. 



"One of the Least of These." 

By EDWIN CARLILE LITSEY. 

as we orter we wouldn't git inter trou- 
ble. I tol' 'im thet we had ten dollars 
saved, V thet he could have it ef he'd 
come to the little-un. He's wuth a 
pass'l more'n that to us, ain't he W- 
randy?" 

"Yes, co'se he is, 'n* it kills me to 
look at 'im," replied the sad-faced wo- 
man. 

The man turned and gazed down 
the slender white road winding thru 
the jralley. 

"He said he'd be here 'most as soon 
as I would. Had to make another call 
'fore he would come. He drives a pow- 
'ful fas' hoss, 'n' mine ain't much, but 
I put 'im thru comin' back. He'll be 
here d'rec'ly. H-s-s-s-h!" 

He turned towards the doorway 
again and placed one huge hand be- 
hind his ear. Thru the stillness the 
quick rasping of labored breath came 
sharply. 

"Thet's him! Thet's our little-un!Go 
to 'im, M'randy, 'n' hoi' his han', 'n' 
wipe his face off with some cold wa- 
ter." 

The woman turned and went in 
without a word, and the man sat down 
upon the bench by the side of the 
door, clasped his hands over one knee, 
and fastened his eyes hungrily upon 
the white ribbon of road by which the 
doctor would come. 

The tragedy which the little hut 
held was not new to the locality, tho 
nothing so dreadful as this had ever 
occurred before. These people expect id 
trouble, because they lived in defiance 
of the law, and when it came they met 
it unflinchingly, giving battle or run- 
ning as the occasion demanded. To be 
a "moonshiner" is to toy with sudden 
death, but it is almost impossible to 
escape heredity, environment and op- 
portunity, or the feeling that the Gov- 
ernment has no right to interfere with 
a "home product" made for years be- 
fore the tax. The raiding party 
had bungled sadly, and hence this aw- 
ful denouement. Instead of discover- 
ing Tom Batlin's still and destroying 
it, as was their duty, they had made 



"How's the little-un?" 

The crimson light from a low sun 
flared up a rugged valley in the heart 
of the Kentucky mountains, torching 
into strange beauty the grassy center, 
the rock-ribbed, tree-and-bush-clad 
slopes, the scrubby, picturesque growth 
higher up, and even giving to the 
crude dwellings of the mountain folks 
a glamour which they did not wear in 
the broad light of day. A sense Of the 
awful solitude of which it was a part 
enveloped the spot; a brooding im- 
mensity of earth and sky was mani- 
fest everywhere. There were not over 
a half score of cabins scattered along 
the mile length of the valley. They 
were all alike, simple even to prim- 
itiveness, with no idea apparent in 
their construction save shelter from 
the elements of nature. Most of the 
cabins were in the valley proper, erect- 
ed at some spot where the labor in- 
volved would be the least. One or two 
were a short distance up the slope on 
one side or the other. Before the door 
of a particularly disreputable and tum- 
bled-down shack perched on a jutting 
point of land the shuffling figure of a 
man had stopped. His heavy face was 
lined with intense suffering, and his 
eyes looked troubled and tired. He 
pushed his soiled felt hat back from 
his forehead, leaned the rifle which 
he carried against the poorly-chinked 
wall at one side of the door, and 
spoke, in a peculiarly gentle voice 
for such a forbidding exterior, to 
some one within: 

"How's the little-un?" 

A moment's delay, during which the 
man craned his hairy neck forward 
and peered inquiringly into the semi- 
darkness of the interior with his 
mouth drawn awry and his eyes 
squinted, and a woman appeared in 
the doorway, wiping her hands on her 
apron and shaking back some wisps 
of colorless hair which had fallen 
across her eyes. She would have been 
a young woman anywhere else in the 
world, but an age far beyond her ac- 
tual years was visible in her face and 




QUEEN ANNE COMMUNION SERVICE — ST. PETER'S CHURCH, ALBANY. 



figure. Her face had lost its bloom, 
and was pinched and ashy. She spoke 
in a drawling, half nasal voice, bar- 
ren of buoyancy or spirit. 

"He ain't doin' no good." 

"I don't hear 'im," answered the 
man, turning his head to listen. "He's 
been a-rollin' 'n' a-talkin' out o' his 
haid all day. Is he 'sleep?" 

"He's been still fur the matter uv 
'n' hour, I reck'n, but 'tain't natch'l. 
He kind O' went off suddint like. His 
eyes air half shet 'n' he's breathin' 
hard, n'n he's hot fit to burn up." 

"Pore little-un!" breathed the man, 
under his breath. 

"Whut 'bout the doctor. Tom?" 

"He's comin'. '11 be here d'rectly. 
Didn't wan' to come. Said it wuz too 
fur. 'n' nothin' in it: thet ef we lived 



a futile attack upon his home the night 
before, in an insane attempt to cap- 
ture the man with a price upon his 
head. They had been worsted, with 
two of their party wounded, for Tom 
lived in daily expectation of assault, 
and was always ready. The revenue 
men had fired three volleys at his cab- 
in before they withdrew. Only one of 
the bullets passed between the stout 
oak logs. This one found a hole where 
the chinking of mud and small stones 
had fallen out, and struck his six- 
year-old son as he lay sleeping on his 
cot of corn husks. The lead had torn 
a jagged path thru the little fellow's 
side, and the shock had nearly proved 
fatal. "Between them, mother and fa fil- 
er had managed to staunch the flow 
(Continued on page 18. > 



16—16 



[Magazine Section.] 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 4, 1908. 




ow We Lost Texas 



"By RICHARD A. HASTE. 



When did Texas become a part of 
the United States? That is easy. On 
the 29th day of December, 1845, by 
act of Congress, Texas, then a repub- 
lic, was annexed and admitted into the 
Union as a state. Thus runs the record. 
But there is a previous chapter, and 
an interesting one, in the history of 
Texas with which the general public 
is not overly familiar. It bears witness 
that Texas was included in the Louisi- 
ana purchase, and was as much a part 
of the United States a hundred years 
ago as it is today. 

No, the maps — not even the govern- 
ment maps of the Louisiana purchase 
— do not show it; but maps, like their 
makers, are not infallible. Every map 
of the United States between the 
years 1804 and 1819 should show Tex- 
as as a part of the national domain. 
For the entire territory, not only that 
included within the present boundar- 
ies of the state but extending to the 
Rio Grande, was as much a part of the 
Louisiana purchase as was that of the 
state of Louisiana itself. How did we 
lose it? Let us see first how we got it. 



The title thru which European na- 
tions claimed territory on the Ameri- 
can continent was based on the rights 
of discovery. This title was modified 
to some extent and in some instances 
by subsequent adverse possession. But 
when it came to a show-down in a dip- 
lomatic controversy the orthodox the- 
ory prevailed, and priority of discov- 
ery had the right-of-way over actual 
settlement. One of the principal tenets 
of this creed of territorial acquisition 
was that the discovery of the mouth of 
a river carried the title to all the coun- 
try drained by that river and its trib- 
utaries. France, therefore, basing her 
title on the discoveries of La Salle.laid 
claim to the country adjacent to the 
Great Lakes and all that vast territory 
drained by the Mississippi and its trib- 
utaries. The extent of the territory 
thus claimed was unknown, but no one 
questioned her rights under the ac- 
cepted law of nations to enjoy the 
fruits of her enterprise or the enter- 
prise of her sons. But all the rights 
in, and title to this vast domain, des- 
ignated as Canada and Louisiana, she 
was compelled in 1763 to cede to Eng- 
land a.ul Spain respectively. 

And so it was that in 1783, when 
England acknowledged the independ- 
ence of the American colonies, and the 
boundaries of the new nation were 
fixed, England retained Canada, with 
undefined limits on the north, and 
Spain held the Florldas south of the 
31st parallel and the province of Loui- 
siana lying west of the Mississippi 
River. Florida, Spain claimed, by the 
right of discovery, basing that title on 
the explorations of De Soto, but her 
title to Louisiana she held thru 
France. It became at once apparent to 
the American people that the posses- 
sion of Florida and Louisiana and the 
( onsequent control of the mouth of the 
Mississippi by Spain was a serious 
menace to the prosperity and develop- 
ment, if not to the very existence, of 



the new republic. Altho the nation had 
abundant room in which to expand — 
too much it seemed at that day — the 
possession and control of this great in- 
ternal waterway became the dominant 
issue, and more than once the half- 
fledged republic was on the verge of 
open rupture with Spain. 

At this juncture, happily for us, 
events beyond the ocean were playing 
into our hands. Napoleon had arisen 
and France was once more a force' to 
be reckoned with in European politics. 
Eager to retrieve the colonial prestige 
of France, Napoleon demanded of 
Spain the re-cession of Louisiana. Ac- 
cordingly on the first day of October, 
1800, by the treaty of Ildephonso, 
his Most Catholic Majesty of Spain 
agreed to retrocede to France "the col- 
ony or province of Louisiana with the 
same extent that it now has in the 
hands of Spain, and that it had when 
France possessed it, and such as it 
ought to be after the treaties subse- 
quently entered into between Spain 
and other states." But France was not 
allowed to enjoy long the fruits of this 



diplomatic victory. Two and a half 
years later, Napoleon, finding war with 
England inevitable, and fearing that 
his newly-acquired colonial possessions 
would be the first object of attack, sold 
Louisiana to the United States for fif- 
teen million dollars. 

What did we get by this purchase? 
We got all the territory claimed by 
France thru the discoveries of La 
Salle and his associates and which 
were acknowledged by the various na- 
tions concerned as being a part of Lou- 
isiana. It was in 1082 that La Salle de- 
scended the Mississippi to its mouth, 
taking possession of the country 
drained by this mighty stream and its 
western tributaries, in the name of 
Louis XIV, and giving to it the name 
of Louisiana. Two years later sailing 
from France with a large colony de- 
signed for settlement, he missed the 
mouth of the Mississippi and after ex- 
ploring the coast of Texas as far as 
Corpus Christi Bay, he landed at what 
is now Matagorda Bay and there es- 
tablished his colony and built a fort. 
La Salle was soon after murd red near 
the Sabine River and the colonists fell 
victims to the Indians and to each oth- 
er. On these explorations, backed by 
this futile attempt at settlement, 
France claimed the territory from the 
Mississippi west to the Rio Bravo — 
now the Rio Grande. At the time of the 
accession of Louisiana by the United 
States there was no question about the 
western boundary — both France and 
Spain accepted the Rio Grande as Its 
western limit. 

As early as 1612, T-ouis XIV issued 
letters patent granting to one Crozat 
the right to trade in the territory in- 
cluding Texas. Immediately after the 
treaty of Ildenhoiwo. Napoleon or- 
dered the French General Victor to 
take possession of Louisiana and in 
the Instructions given him is to be 
found the following: "The extent of 
Louisiana is well defined on the south 



by the Gulf of Mexico; on the west it 
is bounded by the Rio Bravo (Rio 
Grande) from its mouth to about the 
31st parallel. The line of demarkation 
stops after reaching that point and 
there never seems to have been any 
agreement regarding that part of the 
frontier. The farther we go north the 
more uncertain the boundary becomes. 
This part of the American continent 
contains little more than uninhabited 
forests or Indian tribes and the ne- 
cessity of fixing a boundary has never 
been felt there." The minister was 
right as to the Indian tribes, but he 
was a little off as to the forests. As to 
the eastern boundary, there was much 
uncertainty. When asked by Mr. Liv- 
ingston, one of the United States Com- 
missioners, "What are the eastern 
boundaries of Louisiana?" Talleyrand 
re[,lied, "I do not know. You will have 
to take it as we received it." 

It appears that''<riring these negoti- 
ations with Talleyrand, the American 
Commissioners insisted On having the 
exact limits of Louisiana defined. They 
were advised, however, that such' a 
tracing of boundaries would be impos- 
sible, and that, moreover it would be 
against their own interests to have 
sucn limitations set, and cited the case 
of Canada which France had recently 
ceded to England. In this grant France 
ceded only what she was then in pos- 
session of, yet England under color of 
this title, enlarged her claims and oc- 
cupany "even to the northern and west- 
ern ocean." These suggestions of the 
great French diplomat seem to have 
been followed, for the final treaty con- 
tained only general terms as to boun- 
daries and the limits of Louisiana to 
the north and west were left to be de- 
fined and determined by subsequent 
treaty speculations. 

France was selling and the United 
States was buying a territory, the ex- 
act extent of which neither knew, but 
it was a rush bargain, and there was 
no time to examine too closely the 
abstract of title or the wording of the 
deed as to metes and bounds. When 
the attention of Napoleon was called to 
the obscurity of the boundary stipula- 
tions, he evinced his profound knowl- 
edge of diplomacy by remarking, "If 
obscurities do not already exist, it 
would be, perhaps, good policy to put 
one in." 

The accompanying map shows the 
extent of the original purchase. It not 
only includes the whole of Texas, but 
also a full half of New Mexico and a 
part of Colorado, which latter portion 
we received at the hands of Mexico 

Popple, the English geographer, 
forty-five years later ( 1732) , in discuss- 
ing it, represents the province of Lou- 
isiana as extending to the Rio Bravo. 
It it were needful any amount of con- 



Calabria is one of the most unfor- 
tunate regions of Italy. It seems as if 
an evil genius were making game of 
an entire population which is labori- 
ous, honest and pattent. Each year 
there is a new scourge to register, fol- 
lowing a long series of misfortunes 
which run back for centuries. For in- 
stance, in 1669 the silk industry flour 
ished there; at Catan/.aro there were 
over a thousand looms; then came the 
earthquakes, and the invention of Jac- 
quard looms, so that in a short time 
the industry declined. In 1743 a ter- 
rible pestilence raged. The earthquakes 
which In 1456 and 1638 had reaped 
many victims returned to mow down 
others in 1854. 1857. and 1870. In 17S3 
there was a real cataclysm, and in 1S94 
the damages caused by terrible shocks 
were immense. To the earthquakes 
were added brigandage, which between 
1862 and 1872 destroyed the industry 
of pasturage. Then came the oil fly 
and the phyloxera to injure agricul- 
ture. 

Emigration, while on the one hand 
affording a safety valve for the too nu- 
merous population, on the other hand 
carried off the best laborers.Finally the 
administration did the rest— increas- 
ing the taxes which should have been 
lightened. All this befalls a region 
where the sun shines brightly and the 
earth lends itself to the most varied 
cultivation to such a degree that it is 



temporary evidence could be adduced 
to show that the American people, not 
only a hundred, but sixty years ago, 
regarded Texas as a part of the Lou- 
isiana purchase. Had France retained 
Louisiana she would have defended 
her rights to the territory so far as the 
Rio Grande against any claim that 
Spain could bring forward. For the 
only title Spain could set up was that 
oased on the indefinite wanderings of 
Cornado in what is now New Mexico, 
in 1541, and the establishment, later 
of a string of missions from Mexico 
City to San Antonio. In 1717 the mis- 
sions of Golian and Nacogdoches were 
founded, but this was a distinct inva- 
sion of French territory. 

How did we lose Texas? We ceded it 
to Spain in 1819 as a part considera- 
tion for Florida. The stipulation in the 
treaty provided that in consideration 
for East and West Florida, the United 
States undertook to pay certain claims 
in favor of Spanish subjects, and to 
abandon all right and title whatsoever 
to the territory lying west of the ja- 
bine River. President Monroe in li..-> 
annual message to Congress in 1819, 
speaking of the treaty with Spain.says: 
"For territory ceded by Spain (Flori- 
da) other territory of great value 
(Texas) to which our claim was be- 
lieved to be well-founded was ceded by 
the United States, and in a quarter 
more interesting to her." Later, in 
1844, when the treaty of annexation 
with the republic of Texas was under 
discussion, President Tyler in his an- 
nual message, said, in the event of 
the ratification of the treaty, "the gov- 
ernment will have succeeded in re- 
claiming a territory which formerly 
constituted, as it is confidently be- 
lieved, a part of its domain under the 
treaty of cession in 1803, of France to 
the United States." Thomas H. Benton, 
in this discussion, said: "As the oldest 
advocate of the recovery of Texas, I 
must be allowed to speak in just terms 
of criminal politicians who prostitute 
the question of its recovery to their 
base purposes." 

The desire of the "elder statesmen" 
to round out the nation and control the 
Gulf of Mexico by securing the penin- 
sula of Florida, led them into a bad 
real estate bargain. However, the land 
they gave away came back to the na- 
tion — a part thru revolution — a part 
thru conquest. The scheme of empire 
that burned in the mind of Aaron Burr 
in 1807 was realized in a lesser form 
by Sam Houston and David Crockett. 
Their strong right arms wrested from 
Mexico and restored to the United 
States what had been lost to Spain a 
generation before. "There's a divinity 
that shapes our ends, rough hew them 
how we will." 



possible to cultivate lemons as well as 
cotton, and sugar cane as easily as the 
most delicate flower. 

The inhabitants are most sincere: 
they do not forget injuries, but they 
cherish grateful memories of favors 
done them; they fight with ardor, but 
fly from treachery. They were among 
the most valiant soldiers of Italian in- 
dependence. They have a fervid gen- 
ius, speak with uncommon facility of 
language, and are physically handsome 
and strong. The misfortunes of their 
idolized native land often make them 
morose, suspicious and menacing. They 
suspect everything and everybody; 
their exasperation prows with the an- 
ticipation of new disappointments. In 
times of great disaster — to which none 
become accustomed — few curse, but 
the face grows sullen, the Intellect 
darkened, and many go mad from 
grief. What keeps the pe asan t calm 
and patient Is his love for his home, 
however miserable and unhealthy it 
may be. but when earthquakes lay his 
house low he becomes llk^ an angry 
lion, and hates whoever has a roof to 
shelter him and bread to eat. He ranges 
the fields In search of fruit: no one 
dares assert rights of proprietorship — 
his lifa would thereby be endangered. 
As an irony of fate, the Calabrian land- 
scape is one of the most picturesque. 
The Sila plateau, rising two thousand 
metres above the sea level, covered 




THE XTNITED STATES. — Shaded porti on shows the area of the original Louisi- 
ana Purchase. The change in snading shows the territory recovered by the Mex- 
ican War. 



The Landof Earthquaii.es 

==On 1 nhri Cl. "By "Kaffaele Simboli. 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. [Magazine Section.] 17—17 



with gigantic firs and pines, whose fel- 
lows were used by the Greeks and Ro- 
mans to construct their vessels, has a 
mysterious fascination for the behold- 
er. Calabria was the highroad by 
which Greek and Asiatic civilizaton 
were diffused in the west. Unfortun- 
ately it was not long able to maintain 
itself on the road of pr;gress. The 
smail proprietors were tormented with 
taxes; carriage roads, schools and 
churches were scarce. In 1901 Calabria 
was inhabited by 1,370,000 persons, 
scattered in villages and hamlets; 250 
communes, already small in them- 
selves, are divided into four fractional 
parts, distant from tfie main center. Of 
these localities it is difficult to obtain 
information because it is- difficult to 
reach tbem. The Calabrian writer, 
Mandalari, thus describes them: 

"They are groups of conical straw 
huts, erected without mortar, with a 
kind of black cement, a mixture of 
earth and sand. In all these dwellings 
bread is lacking; potatoes and fruit 
form the chief articles of food. The 
people lead a pastoral life, following 
their sheep, pigs and cows. In winter 
stuff for clothing is lacking, so they 
resort to the skins of animals. The 
peasants lack dwellings; it is not easy 
for them to build tbe most modest 
hut, since anything, however mean, 
that shelters the poorest bed is sub- 
ject to taxes. There is no money to 
pay these, and there follows a fresh 




CALABRIAN WOMEN. 



She wished to keep her earrings as a 
cherished remembrance. After four 
days of effort she heard a plaint and 
fancied it might be the faithful cat. 
The soldiers excavated with zeal, but 
instead of the cat they found the 
child, still alive, but in a most pitia- 
ble state. The child's life was saved, 
but the mother went mad. Such anec- 
dotes are legion. The disaster of Sep- 
tember, 8, 1907, was tremendous. Of 
the 413 communities of which Cala- 
bria consists, 212 were injured; Pizzo 
and Monteletme were destroyed. The 
province of Catanzaro which was most 
stricken had 20 communes destroyed, 
Cosenza 10, and Reggio Calabria three. 
The buried dead amount to 789, the 
wounded, over three thousand. The sur- 
vivors, bereft of everything, can not 
be numbered. In Calabria riches are 
rare. There is a uniform level; misery 
may be said to tbe confounded with 
prosperity, prosperity with poverty. 
To be a proprietor means to have a 
little bouse, a small field, and stock of 
provisions. The house falls, and buries 
everything. The menace ct a severe 
winter under such desperate conditions 
is ever present to the minds of all. No 
one can say what passes in the mind 
of one of these proprietors, wandering 
desolate among the ruins of his home. 
It is a spectacle to stir every heart. 
From desolate, ever gentle Calabria, 
this time, has gone forth a cry which, 
has found an echo in every generous 




emigration of peasants to the centers 
of civilization, persecution by the tax 
gatherers, and the sale of the hovel to 
the first bidder." 

The Calabrian writer speaks truly. 
It is sad to note, but alas, tbis poor 
region has been sufficiently neglected 
by the government. The hour has in- 
deed come to think seriously of a foud 
yet gentle people, who cherish a true 
cult for family, liberty and country. 

Whoever has not seen the Calabri- 
ans at close range can not understand 
all the troubles which for years have 
tormented them. Earthquakes are the 
principal enemy; experiences of the 
past make the inhabitants afraid. At 
the first shock, however slight, they 
flee panic-stricken. It seems as if even 
the animals were conscious of the ruin 
about to occur. It has been noted that 
almest all the cats and hens felt the 
earthquake in advance. Only a few 
dogs were found dead. After the 
scourge the few survivors wander fam- 
ished among the ruins. Tbe Calabri- 
an, accustomed to do for himself, be- 
gins the work of rescue, his fingers 
bleed, his garment falls in tatters, his 
stomach is empty, his throat parched, 
but it matters not. Love of family is 
strong in him. At Fittimi, the peasant, 
Diego Mazzitelli, drew his son out from 
a heap of ruins, then seeing that he 
was dying, left him, saying: "Now 
we must think of the living." And this 
valiant fellow alone saved ten per- 
sons, one after another, risking his 
lit- at every step. Not content with 
this, he led the work of demolishing 
the most dangerous ruins. At Par- 
phella a mother mourned her all, whom 
she believed dead, and searched the 
ruins for the corpse of her daughter. 



REGGIO DI CALABRIA (ITALY.) 




CALABRIAN WOMEN IN FESTAL DRESS. 



heart. Science in the meantime seeks 
to explain the phenomenon, and the 
polemics in the newspapers only serve 
to extend their circulation among the 
terrorized people. From the time of 
Aristotle's book on earthquakes, much 
has been done to solve the mystery, 
which, however, remains almost impen- 
etrable. Seneca wrote on the subject in 
a manner differing but slightly from 
wbat might be written in our time. 
Still a clear, persuasive theory obtains, 
namely that volcanoes are great chim- 
neys rising from the center of the 
earth, where incandescent matter col- 
lects and cools off, forming quarries 
and monutains. Are volcanoes in com- 
munication with the center of the 
earth? If it were so, would not the 
earth burst, like a huge shell? It is 
therefore believed that they average 
10,000 meters in depth, a small figure 
in comparison with the earth's diame- 
ter. During the formation of moun- 
tans there are terrible upheavals such 
as earthquakes. On earth the shocks 
are insignificant from a geological 
standpoint, but from the human point 
of view disastrous and terrible. Japan 
has more than 200 volcanoes, of which 
50 are active, and every year it suf- 
fers about 500 earthquakes. Italy has 
not such a number, but says science: 
"How many earthquakes will yet be 
needed for the future modeling of tbe 
earth? Were not probably thousands 
needed for the formation of the Apen- 
ines?" The latest serious earthquake 
in the province of Reggio di Calabria 
occurred Nov. 18 last. Previous to t'.is 
was the quake of October 27, when the 
people all fled from their homes. One 
violent shock succeeded another in 
both of these cataclysms. The people of 



18—18 



[.Magazine Section 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 4, 190S. 



the towns and villages fled to the open 
air, camping outdoors or taking ref- 
uge from accompanying storms in sub- 
terranean grottos. The report of the 
last catastrophe, Ntiv. 18, says: 

"Men and women, rich and poor, 
priests and soldiers are thrown togeth- 
er and the devout are raising prayers 
to the madonna and the saints to suc- 
cor them in their misery. The gravity 
of the situation is increased by the in- 
clemency of the weather." 

All this is scarcely consoling to a 
region tormented by earth and heaven, 
for to earthquakes are added down- 
falls of rain from which the peasants 
must seek shelter in the tottering 
houses from which they have fled, or 
in natural coverts. 



"ONE OF THE LEAST OF THESE." 

(Continued from page 15.) 
of blood and roughly bind the ugly 
place, and all night long they sat by 
the little sufferer, powerless to help 
him, seeing him grow weaker and 
weaker. With the dawn came inquiring 
and sympathetic neighbors, willing to 
help, but ignorant. Tom Batlin said 
he was going for a doctor. The near- 
est town was fifteen miles away, but 
what did that matter when the little- 
un was sick and ready to die! What 
did it matter that no doctor had ever 
been to the valley before? Men could 
die when their time came — but the 
little-un! No — no — he must have a 
doctor. So off down the road in a cloud 
of dust sped Tom on his bay horse, 
and one by one the neighbors went 
back to their homes, shaking their 
heads ominously, for the little-nn had 
always been a ray of sunshine to the 
place. 

Night was falling swiftly after the 
brief mountain twilight when the man 
on the bench, with hungry, watching 
eyes saw a horse and vehicle swing 
into view and come at a quick pace 
towards him. Tom jumped up and 
ran towards the road. He pulled the 
doctor from his buggy; grasped his 
medicine case with his other hand at 
the same time, 'and calling to a half- 
grown youth sauntering by to "Hitch 
this critter!" he hurried the man x>f 
heating up the slope. The doctor was 
a man of middle age. His face was 
lean and pinched, his eyes were hard, 
and glittered. 

"Ten dollars for this trip, Tom, re- 
member!" he said, before they reached 
the cabin. 

"Yo'll git it 'fo' yo leave. Go in, 'n' 
do whut yo' kin fur the ittle-un." 

Tom slouched across the entrance 
behind the doctor, but he stood just 
within the room "nd did not attempt 
to draw closer to the child. 

The doctor had knelt by the pallet, 
and begun his examination. M'randy 
leaned over with a lighted tallow can- 
dle in her hand, so that he might see. 
The timid rays flared harshly against 
the hard features of the man; they lin- 
gered compassionately upon the ugly 
lines which were drawn upon the wo- 
man's face, and they bathed with a 
tender radiance the little tousled head 
that had no pillow upon which to lie, 
and which was strangely still. In the 
shadow by the door Tom stood silent, 
the fingers of his big hands entwined 
and writhing from the pain of doubt 
and fear. The doctor's head shook 
slowly from side to side as he went 
about this task. Tom's watching eyes 
saw it, his heart sank, and he slipped 
outside, sank upon t v e bench and let 
his chin fall with a groan. 

"They've killed my little-un! They- 
've killed my little-un!" he muttered, 
thickly. 

It was not long before the doctor 
came out and sat down beside him. 
The moonshiner looked up, desperate- 
ly, a mute question upon his face. 

"I don't see how he can rally." said 
the doctor, cooly, lighting a cigar. 

"No chanct at all. doc— no chanct? 
Not the least chanct?" 

The husky voice quivered, and the 
big hands gripped his knees fiercely. 

"There's one chance, which you 
can't take." was the reply, in a feel- 
ingless voice. 

"Any chanct. doc, I'll take! Tell me 
whut it is! I'll take any chanct fur the 
llttle-un!" 

"You'll scarcely take this one. if 
•you haven't got but ten dollars. The 
chance I speak of means money. That 
ki I'll need attention from me for a 



solid week, night and day, to get well. 
Even then he might go under." 

Tom slid his body along the bench, 
and thrust his face close to the face 
of his companion. 

"How much'll it take, doc?" he 
whispered, in an eager, stra : ned voice. 

"Oh, say a hundred dollars." 

The moonshiner collapsed, and the 
breath went out of his body in a heavy 
sigh of despair. A hundred dollars! A 
hundred dollars for the life of the lit- 
tle-un! For several minutes he sat 
humped over, crushed. Then slowly he 
raised himself, and his shoulders 
straightened. 

"How long'll yo' give me to raise 
it?" he queried, in a whisper of dread. 

"You're jokin', Tom. You couldn't 
raise it to save your life." 

"How long'll yo' give me?" he in- 
sisted, breathing hard. 

"Well, have it for me in the morn- 
ing and I'll stay." 

"Yo'll stay here tonight, 'n' nuss 
the little-un yo're level best, ef I'll 
bring yo' a hundred dollars in the 
mornin? And yo'll stick by a week if 
he needs ye?" 

"Yes, I'll do it." 

"It's a bargain, doc. I ain't got it, 
but I c'n git it." 

"See here, Tom; no crooked work. 
I don't want any blood money!" 

"I ain't a-goin' to kill nobody. The 
money's owin' to me, but I'll have to 
ride thirty mile to git it." 

A low cry came from the cabin. Tom 
jumped up, and the doctor rose leis- 
urely. 

"Go in thar, doc, 'n' stay with 'im! 
I'll be back in the mornin' with yo' 

money! " 

One man went slowly into the hut, 
and the other descended with swift 
strides to the road below. 

Tom Batlin had no definite plan of 
action. No one legally owed him a 
cent, and there was not fifty dollars 
in the valley which he might borrow. 
He was simply working for time, when 
he promised the doctor that he would 
have the money the following morn- 
ing. Would he not lie for the little-un? 
Would he not steal for the little-un? 
Would he not do anything but kill for 
the little-un ?Yea, gladly, if thereby 
his little boy might be saved to him. 
As he strode down the dusty valley 
road he strove madly with his thick 
brain for a plan. A way must be 
found. The doctor must stay. And he 
had only a few hours of darkness in 
which to accomplish the impossible. A 



few brief hours in which to originate 
and carry out some scheme whereby 
he might become possessed of one 
hundred dollars— the price of the lit- 
tle-un's life! One thing was certain. 
He must get away from the valley and 
that as quickly as he could. His own 
horse was fagged from its recent jour- 
ney. Gus Tatlock was his friend, and 
his horse wa s young and fast. To Gus 
Tatlock he went, told that worthy of 
all that has passed, and asked for the 
loan of his beast. 

"But whar be yo' going fur the hun- 
erd, Tom?" asked Gus. 

Batlin confessed gloomily that he 
didn't know. He was already astride 
the horse, and ready to start. Gus came 
to his stirrup, and pulling Tom down 
by one arm, whispered for a moment 
in his ear. 

"D'ye reck'n?" asked Tom, when the 
whispering was done. 

"Shore's yo' bornd!" returned Gus. 

"I'm 'bleeged to yo', fur the hoss 
'n' fur t'other, too." 

"Back way, secon' corner-to the lef," 
concluded Gus, worrying a chew of to- 
bacco off the end of a twist as his 
friend went galloping down the road. 

"Ef Tom don't git his money now 
thar'll be a durned good reason fur 
it," he soliloquized, as he turned to- 
wards the entrance of his own humble 
abode. 

(Concluded in next Magazine Section.) 
THE POLE. 



BY G. HERB PALIN. 

How many lives have sought for thee, 

Thou far-off goal of mystery; 
Have sought for thee on countless 
trips, 

In light baloon and strong-ribbed 

ships? 

If we could lift the veil and see — 
With vision fair and eyesight free — 

The fabled lands which 'round thee lie, 
Beneath Aurora-streamered sky, 

Would some grand city be revealed, 
Or dreary waste in ice congealed, 

Can tropic land lie girt with cold 
Set jewel-like in ice-bound mold? 

Will'st thou for ages still remain 
In secret hid by ice-berg chain, 

Or some explorer brave and bold 
Soon all thy mysteries unfold? 



An Excellent Recipe 
for Obstinate 
Coughs 

This recipe will give you a full 
pint of excellent cough medicine, 
very inexpensive and far better 
than the cough syrups you buy. 
It can be made at home in five 
minutes. 

Granulated Sugar Syrup. 13 u, oz. 
Pinex 2Vi> oz. 

Get the 2% oz. of Pinex from 
any druggist at a cost of 50 
cents. Pour it into a clean pint 
bottle and then fill it up with the 
Syrup. Make the syrup of granu- 
lated sugar and water, heated 
and stirred until thick. Shake 
well. 

You will find that this simple 
remedy will quickly cure a cold 
or the most stubborn cough. Well 
corked, it will never spoil. 

Pinex is the most concentrated 
form of Norway white pine ex- 
tract. It is rich in guaiacol and 
other elements 'which have made 
the pine woods of Norway fa- 
mous for centuries in the cure of 
consumption. 

There are many pine oil and 
pine tar preparations, but none 
of these can be compared with 
the pure Pinex itself. All drug- 
gists have it in stock or can get 
it without trouble on request. 



For the Boys 6 Girls 



TRUNK GAME ELABORATED. 

(We suggested that the trunk game 
list published in this department Nov. 
2 could be made considerably longer. 
Some of our young friends acted upon 
our suggestion, and we give their list 
below. It shows a good deal of 
thought and mental quickness, and is 
interesting. — Editors. ) 

OUR YOUNG FRIENDS' LIST. 

We tried the trunk game described 
on page 15 of the Nov. 2 issue, and en- 
closed is our list of the different parts 
of the body which we thought out as 
suggested by you: 

1. A kind of boat. (Skull.) 

2. A small game animal. (Hair.) 

3. The top of a ball. (Brow.) 

4. Worn by monarchs. (Crown.) 

5. An Indian trophy. (Scalp.) 

6. A cover (Lid.) 

7. The end of a whip. (Lash.) 

8. What corn bears. (Ears.) 

9. A musical instrument. (Drum.) 

10. Name of a flower .(Two lips.) 

11. That which spans a stream. 
(Bridge.) 

12. Part of a wagon. (Tongue.) 

13. Part of a saw. (Teeth.) 

14. Covering of a building. (Roof.) 

15. Used by painters. (Palate.) 

16. Wind indicators. (Veins.) 

17. A male deer. (Heart.) 

18. Part of a grain cradle. ( Finger. > 
in To handle awkwardly (Thumb.) 

20. Used in building. (Nails.) 

21. Weapons. (Arms.) 

22. To jostle. (Elbow.) 

23. Part of a knife. ( Blade. 1 

24. Small shell fish. (Muscle.) 

25. A coffer. (Chest.) 

2i'.. Part of a tree (Trunk.) 
27. A young animal. (Calf.) 
28 A tropical tree. (Palm.) 



29. A kind of fish. (Sole.) 

30. The approach to a hotel (Instep.) 

31. Part of a ship. (Knee.) 

32. To temporarily plant trees. 
(Heel.) 

33. Refuse flax. (Toe.) 

34. A popular cut of veal. (Knuckle.) 

35. To flay. (Skin.) 

36. Timbers of a building (Frame.) 

37. A plaything. (Ball.) 

38. Slang for boldness. (Cheek.) 

39. Slang for talking. (Chin.) 

40. The end of a river. (Mouth.) 

41. The prow of a boat. (Nose.) 

42. Ten Spanish noblemen. (Ten- 
dons. ) 

48. A desert place. (Waist.) 

44. What waiters expect. (Tip.) 

45. Product of the rubber tree. 
(Gum.) 

46. A place of worship. (Temple.) 

47. Part of a chimney. (Throat.) 

48. Another part of a chimney. 
(Breast.) 

49. Part of a suction pump. (Valve.) 

50. Water highways. (Canals.) 

51. An isthmus (Neck.) 

52. A napkin. (Nape.) 

54. A style of roof. (Hip.) 

54. One under an instructor. (Pupil.) 

55. Combined. (Joint.) 

56. To lay over. ( I ap.) 

57. Negro musical instruments. 
( Bones ) 

58. A border. (Rim of ear.) 

59. Section of an orange. (Lobe.) 

60. A bird. ( Swallow.) 

61. A tube, t Wind pipe.) 

62. A variety of bean. (Kidney.) 

63. To beat. (Fist.) 

64. Strengtn. (Sinew.) 

65. A hough. (I imb.) 

66. Food of carnivorous animals. 
(Flesh I 

67. High birth. (Blood.) 



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Write for proof-book 13 and sam- 
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Address J. F. SHAFER M 0.. 

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Market, nhrie prlrcn lire always liteheM. Writ* for 
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and Pellt of all kin. I. fi- ni all • ecttoni.. It * fr<-». 

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ECZEMA 

OaN SC CURKO. Mt m.M. »oothifw caaraatred c ir» 

u in4 rati Sinn i , h m <~ i n t n hiv. 

aadcirilotu, WklTl V iW-TOPa T. 

Dr. CANNADAY. 1 66 Park Sq., Scdalia, Mo. 

l>k. w BBI M S HOSPITAL. I ibliabed for iIm 

treatment r \ V (' P D 1 
W rt ii V. I. K 

Fur particular- atMrrcaj Dr.CharlrsWebtr, 
17 W. Eighth Street, Cincinnati. Ohio 



Raw Furs 



Belt. Butler Co., 140 Greene St., New Vol 



PATENTS 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMLR. 



[Magazine Section.] 19 — 19 



68. A cask. (Vessel.) 

69. Part of a clock. (Hands.) 

70. Part of a watch. (Face.) 

71. Part of a canal. (Lock.) 

72. A popular game of ball. (Base.) 

73. A common fruit. (Adam's apple.) 

74. Part of an umbrella. (Rib.) 

75. A thorn (Spine.) 

76. Part of a plant. (Root.) 

77. A bud. (Eye.) 

78. Where bracelets are worn. 
(Wrist.) 

79. To eat grass. (Brows.) 

80. Respiration. (Breath.) 

81. A vote.' (Voice.) 

82. To climb. (Shin.) 

83. An article of wearing apparel. 
(Collar bone.) 

84. A chief. (Head.) 

85. A standard measure. (Foot.) 

86. Intellect. (Brain.) 

87. Table of contents. (Index.) 

88. A kind of pea. (Pulse.) 

89. Pith. (Marrow.) 

9,0. Two or more harmonious sounds. 
(Chords.) 

91. A round pillar. (Column.) 

92. Some things that bind. (Liga- 
ments.) 

93. Covering for the head. (Cap.) 

94. Part of a gunlock. (Pan.) 

95. Firmness. (Nerve.) 

96. Where prisoners are confined. 
(Cell.) 

97. An abyss. (Pit.) 

98. View. (Sight.) 

99. The broad part of anything. 
(Side.) 

100. Part of a table. (Leg.) 

101. Rear. (Back.) 

102. Played in church. (Organ.) 

103. Demented. (Crazy bone.) 

104. Part of a buggy. (Socket.) 

105. High-mindedness. (Soul.) 

106. A corporation. (Body.) 
—Farmers' Children, Portage Co., O. 



NO CORRECT ANSWERS YET. 

We have as yet received no correct an- 
swers to all three of the puzzles in 
our Dec. 21 issue, hence will postpone 
announcement of the answers until 
Jan. 18 to give you a little more time 
on the puzzles. 



A COUPLE OF GAMES. 



in which to answer the question, and 
in order to be strictly impartial some 
one should be appointed to call "time" 
at the expiration of the given number 
of seconds. As a sample of questions 
and answers, take: 

Who was the most fiery author? — 
Burns (Robert). 

Who was the royal author? — King 
(Edward). 

Who was the happiest author? — Gay. 
(John). 

Who was the most pleasant looking 
author? — Smiles (Samuel.) 

Who was the most amusing author? 
— Tickell (Thomas). 

Who was the holiest author? — Pope 
(Alexander). 

Who was the news-carrying author? 
—Cable (George W.). 

Who was the hoisting author? — 
— Crane (Stephen). 

Who was the breeziest author? — 
Gale (Norman). 

Who was the most flowery author? 
— Hawthorne (Nathaniel). 

An almost unlimited list of names 
may be used in this manner, making 
it easy to prolong the game as long as 
the interest in it seems to warrant. 

Another game, which has the seals 
of the various states as a basis, will 
furnish amusement and impart infor- 
mation which every person should 
have. A cheap atlas will furnish the 
pictures, which should be cut out, 
plainly numbered, and attached to a 
large screen, and placed where all can 
see it. Give to each player a pencil, 
and paper having numbered lines 
corresponding with the numbered seals, 
on which to write the answers. When 
the allotted time has expired, collect 
the papers for examination by a com- 
mittee appointed for the purpose. 

The one having the game in charge 
should have prepared for reading a 
paper giving the early history of seals 
as attached to valuable documents; al- 
so the story of the American Great 
Seal, should tell who suggested de- 
signs and mottoes, whose were ac- 
cepted, whether or not it was ever fin- 
ished; if not, why not, and so on. 

The Great Seal of the Confederacy 
also has a history which will add much 
of interest to the paper. 



BY EVA RY1IAN GAILLARD. 



A game played by questions and an- 
swers, showing characteristics as ex- 
pressed by the names of well-known 
authors, will furnish amusement for 
part of an evening. The game should 
be played after the style of an old- 
fashioned spelling-class, one person 
acting as teacher, and putting the 
questions to the pupils, who should 
stand in line. 

If a question is correctly answered, 
a new one is given to the next pupil, 
but if not correctly answered, it is 
asked of each one in rotation until 
some one answers right, when the one 
giving the correct answer takes a 
place above all who failed. The one 
standing at the head of the "class" at 
the end of the appointed time is of 
course the winner. A certain number 
of seconds should be allowed each one 



A LITTLE GAIT. 

BY FRANCES GILBREATH INGERSOLL. 

My mama says, "Now run to nurse; 
I'm busy, dear, today." 
Then nursie says, "Just run along, 
And with your dollies play." 

And grandma says, "Dear, run and get 
My spectacles and ball." 
And cook says, "Run right out of here; 
Don't bother me at all." 

My grandpa says, "Please run and find 
My slippers and my cane;" 
And papa says, "Run, bring my hat;" 
And "Run!" calls sister Jane. 

I think it's such a funny way 

For grown-up folks to talk; 

You wouldn't 'spose they ever thought 

A little girl could walk. 



Dr. Pierce's 

Favorite 
Prescription 

Is a non- secret, non-alcoholic and 
most potent in vigorating', restorative 
tonic and strengthening nervine, 
especially adapted to woman's pecul- 
iar requirements by an experienced 
specialist in the treatment of her 
diseases. 




Nursing mothers will find "Favor- 
ite Prescription" especially valuable 
in sustaining their strength and pro- 
moting an abundant nourishment for 
the child. Expectant mothers, too, 
will find it a priceless boon to pre- 
pare the system for baby's coming 
and to render the ordeal compara- 
tively easy and painless. 

Over-burdened women in all sta- 
tions in life whose vigor has been 
undermined by exacting social du- 
ties, over-work, frequent bearing of 
children, will find "Favorite Prescrip- 
tion" the greatest strength giver ever 
employed. It can do no harm in any 
state or condition of the female sys- 
tem. 

Delicate, nervous, weak women, 
who suffer from frequent headaches, 
backache, dragging-down distress 
low down in the abdomen, or from 
gnawing or distressed sensation in 
stomach, dizzy or faint spells, see im- 
aginary specks or spots floating be- 
fore eyes, will, whether they experi- 
ence many or only a few of the above 
symptoms, find relief and, generally, 
a permanent cure ty using faithfully 
and fairly persistently Dr. Pierce's 
Favorite Prescription. 

This world-famed specific for wo- 
man's weaknesses and peculiar ail- 
ments is a pure glyceric extract of 
the choicest native, medicinal roots 
without a drop of alcohol in its 
make-up. All its ingredients are print- 
ed in plain English on its bottle- 



wrapper, and attested under oath. Dr. 
Pierce thus invites the fullest inves- 
tigation of his formula, knowing that 
it will be found to contain only the 
best agents known to the most ad- 
vanced medical science of all the dif- 
ferent schools of practice for the 
cure of all woman's peculiar weak- 
nesses and ailments. 

Dr. Pierce's Lotion Tablets an(l 
Antiseptic Suppositories may also be 
used with great advantage conjoint- 
ly with the use of the "Favorite Pre- 
scription" in all cases of ulceration, 
and in pelvic catarrh. They cost only 
25 cents a box each, at drug stores 
or, sent by mail, post-paid on receipt 
of price in stamps by Dr. Pierce, 
whose address is given below. 

If you want to know more about 
the composition and professional en- 
dorsement of the "Favorite Prescrip- 
tion." send postal card request to Dr. 
R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y., for his 
free booklet treating of same. 

You can't afford to accept as a sub- 
stitute for this remedy of known 
composition a secret nostrum of un- 
k?iotvn composition. Don't do it. 

Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets are 
the original "Little Liver Pills" first 
put-up by old Dr. Pierce over 40 
years ago. Much imitated, but never 
equaled. They cleanse, invigorate and 
regulate stomach, liver and bowels, 
curing biliousness and constipation. 
Little sugar-coated granules — easy 
to take as candy. 



A BARGAIN WATCH 

FOR FARMERS 



$8.00 won't buy much of a 
store, but by our system we o 
Waltham in silveroid case fo 
a first-class watch in every w 

The case Is solid silveroid, 3 
and back, with heavy crystal, 
for rough, everyday use. 

The movement is 17-Jewel, 
size, nickel, guaranteed genu 
ers. A movement good enoug 

We will send this watcb. po 

$8.00 

or the same movement in 
gold filled case guaranteed 
for 20 years for only $11. 

Send for our complete illus- 
trated watch catalog show- 
ing all grades of Elgin and 
Waltham movements, and 82 
different styles of cases. 

Do not buy a watch any- 
where until you get this cat- 
alog. Address. 

THE OHIO FARMER, 
Cleveland, O. 



watch from the ordinary 
ffer this 17-Jewel Elgin or 
r that price and guarantee It 
ay. 

ounce, open face, screw bezel 
dust proof and just the thing 

either Elgin or Waltham, 18 
ine, and first-class tlmekeep- 
h for any one to carry. 

stpaid by registered mail for 




"Do a good job, old man, or you'll not get my vote again 



20—20 



[Magazine Section.] 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



THE VALUE OF CHARCOAL. 



Few People Know Mow Useful It Is 
In Preserving Health and Beauty. 



Costs Nothing to Try. 

Nearly everybody knows that char- 
coal is the safest and most efficient 
disinfectant and purifier in nature, but 
few realize its value when taken into 
the human system for the same cleans- 
ing purpose. 

Charcoal is a remedy that the more 
you take of it, the better; it is not a 
drug at all, but simply absorbs the 
gases and impurities always present 
in the stomach and intestines,and car- 1 
ries them out of the system. 

Charcoal sweetens the breath after 
smoking, drinking or after eating on- ! 
ions and other odorous vegetables. 

Charcoal effectually clears and im- 1 
proves the complexion, it whitens the ] 
teeth and further acts as a natural and 
eminently safe cathartic. 

It absorbs the injurious gases which 
collect in the stomach and bowels; it 
disinfects the mouth and throat from 
the poison of catarrh. 

All druggists sell charcoal in one 
form or another, but probably the best 
charcoal and the most for the money 
is in Stuart's Charcoal Lozenges; they 
are composed of the finest powdered 
Willow charcoal, and other harmless 
antiseptics in tablet form or rather in 
the form of large pleasant tasting loz- 
enges, the charcoal being mixed with 
honey. 

The daily use of these lozenges will 
soon tell in a much improved condi- 
tion of the general health, better com- 
plexion, sweeter breath and purer blood, 
and the beauty of it is that no possi- 
ble harm can result from their con- 
tinued use, but, on the contrary, great 
benefit. 

A Buffalo physician, in speaking of 
the benefits of charcoal, says: "I ad- 
vise Stuart's Charcoal Lozenges to all 
patients suffering from gas in stomach 
and bowels, and to clear the complex- 
ion and purify the breath, mouth and 
throat; I also believe the liver is 
greatly benefited by the daily use of 
them; they cost but twenty-five cents 
a box at drug stores, and altho in some 
sense a patent preparation, yet I be- 
lieve I get more and better charcoal 
in Stuart's Charcoal Lozenges than in 
any of the ordinary charcoal tablets." 

Send your name and address today 
for a free trial package and see for 
yourself. F. A. Stuart Co., 200 Stuart 
Bldg., Marshall, Mich. 



LET US TAN 
YOUR HIDE, 

Whether Steer, Bull, or Horse Hide, 
Calf. Dog, Deer, or any kind of hide 
or skin with the hair on, noft, light, 
odorless and moth-proof for robe, rug, 
coat or gloves, and mako them up when 
eo ordered. 

But firBt get our illustrated catalog, 
with PrlcBB. shipping tags and iuHlruo- 
tioiiH. Wo are the largest custom fur 
tannnrs of largo wild and domestic, 
annual sk ins i n the world. 

We mako and sell Natural Black 
Galloway fur coats and robes. Black 
and Brown Frisian, Blaok Dog Skin, 
and fur lined coats; also do taxidermy 
and head mounting. 

THE CROSBY FRISIAN FUR CO.. 
116 Hill Street. Rochester. N. Y. 



SMITH WAS ALWAYS GRUMBLIN' 

BY H. LEE SNYDER. 

My neighbor Smith — they call him 
Jim — 

When the thunder was a-rumbliin', 
Would always say, "There goes my 
hay," 

An' "Farmin" now don't noways pay." 
For Smith was always grumblin'. 

An' when a panic came along 
An' prices went a-tumblin', 
You'd hear him swear, "Well — I de- 
clare, 

"They ain't a-treatin' farmers fair." 
For Smith was always grumblin'. 

An' when he'd had a bumper crop, 
You'd hear Jim Smith a-mumblin', 
"Oh, I can toil an' I can moil, 
"But them big crops wear out the 
soil." 

For Smith was always grumblin'. 

An' when Jim Smith — his last debt 
paid — 

Up the golden stairs goes stumblin' 
You'll hear him cry, "I don't see why 
They make these pesky stairs so high." 
For Smith is always grumblin'. 




Rider Agents, Wanted 

i in each town to ride and exhibit sample 
1008 model. Write for Special Offer. 

1908 ''Mmi'.'-is $10 to $27 

with Coaslcr-Hrakes and Puncture-Proof tires. 

turns a 1001 Bodtli *7 . (fa 
all of best mokes V» # *° «J* * ^ 
SOO Second-Hand Wheels 

te?; ■ : • $3 to $8 

1 i. mi Factory Clearing; Sale. 
We Shift On Approval without a 

it deposit, fay the freight and allow 

TEN DAYS' FREE TRIAL. 

Tires. coastiT-brnkes, litis, re- 
pairs and sundries, half usual prices. Do not 
htiy till you get our catalogs and otter. Writt now. 
MEAD CYCLE CO.. Dept. IV, Chicago 




II 



TK1 

a,l.i| 



r 



w 



IONES specially 
to t.um lines. Bold 
Mt fro m factory. 
Book of instructions 
h Of to organize 
farmers and build 
line free. Write for 
Bulletin No 303. The North 
Eleotrio Co., Cleveland. O, 
Kansas City, Ho. Dallas, Tex. 




Fui* Rob©S, MrrrENS 

WE WANT rOTJB COW s» horse hide, and we 
will tan nnd make >■■■« a beautiful coat, robe or 
mittens to order. Bftinplea and price list free, 
tlalloway coats nnd robes for sale at wholesale 
pricos. All work guaranteed. 
M1LF0RD ROBE < TANNING CO.. Mil FORD. 1ND. 




RECIPE FOR A VALENTINE. 



BY MAUD E. S. 1IYMEHS. 



Asked how to make a Valentine, 

A worthy cook I wot of, 
Replied, "Why, really, that's a thing 

I never thought a lot of! 
They're rather flimsy, don't you think? 

Too light for steady diet? 
Still, if you're bound to serve the dish 

Of course you'll have to try it. 

"Take, then, a measure heaping full, 

Brimmed o'er with lads and misses; 
Stir to a cream with cupid's dart, 

And sweeten well with kisses. 
Add carefully a brace of hearts, 

With loves and doves in plenty; 
Blend well with rhymes of mine and 
and thine, 

And darlings, ten or twenty. 

"A spoonful, too, of eyes and sighs, 

A dash of doubt to flavor; 
A pathway filled with roses fair, 

Stirred in, will bring you favor; 
A quiver full of promises, 

If the batter will receive it; 
A golden ring to leaven all, 

Ere you may dare to leave it. 

"Spread smoothly on a scented sheet 

Of paper, fine and lacey; » 
And garnish all with pictured doves, 

And cupids, plump and racy. 
Before the fire of criticism 

Now either roast or bake it; 
And if not good,- this valentine, 

I don't know how to make it" 



ENGLISH AS SHE IS WROTE BY 
THE INACCURATE. 

A deaf man named Taff was run 
down by a passenger train and killed 
Wednesday morning. He was injured 
in a similar way about a year ago. — 
New Jersey Journal. 

A Western paper says: "The proces- 
sion was very fine and nearly two 
miles long, as was also the report of 
Dr. Blank, the chaplain. 

Here is a curious evidence of phi- 
lanthropic : "A wealthy gentleman 
will adopt a little boy with a small 
family." 

A clergyman writes: "A yrjung wo- 
man died in my neighborhood yester- 
day while I was preaching the gospel 
in a beastly state of Intoxication." 

On the panel under the letter receiv- 
er at the general postoffice at Dublin, 
these words are printed: "Post here 
letters too late for the next mail." 

Notice in a Hoboken ferry boat: "The 
seats In this cabin are reserved for 
ladies. Gentlemen are requested not to 
occupy them until the ladies are seat- 
ed." 

The following notice appeared on the 
fence of a vacant lot in Glenville: "All 
persons are forbidden to throw ash- 
es on this lot under penalty of the law 
or any other garbage." 

A college professor, describing the 
effect of wind in some Western forest, 
wrote: "In traveling along the road. 
I even sometimes found the logs bound 
and twisted to such an extent that a 
mule couldn't climb over them, so I 
went around." 



If revolver experience could talk 
of a good old friend, it would surely say : 



in the guise 

"Look for the little target trade-mark and you cannot go wrong. 

For thirty-five years H & R Revolvers have 

substantiated every claim made for them f , 

J it guarantees 

— because they are manufactured under / simplicity of construe 

a perfect system of inspection and ex- 
pert criticism — and when finished 
defects are impossible. 



\ 




tlon, perfect safety, abso- 
lute reliability of action, 
and superior shooting 
qualities. 

V 



Our beautifully illustrated catalog is replete 
with styles and sizes, among which we would 
especially recommend our H & R Automatic 
double action 32 calibre 6 shot, or 38 calibre 
5 shot, 2>li inch barrel, nickel finish, S600. 
H & R Hammerless, $7.00. H & R Re- 
volvers are sold by all first-class dealers. 
Rather titan accept a substitute, order 
from its direct. Send for illustrated 
catalog. 

HARRINGTON & RICHARDSON 
ARMS CO. 

482 Park Ave., Worcester, Mais. 



U.M.C. 



ARE ACCURATE, 
SURE-FIRE AND 
HARD-HITTING 




AMONG all the different 
.22 cartridges there is one 
best— U. M. C. If you see U on their 
heads you will know they are U. M. C. cartridges 
and Uniform. Try them and you will find them 
accurate and powerful. Whether your rifle is 
Remington, Savage, Marlin or Winchester, 
U. M. C. cartridges will fit. 

Write for free targets, 

THE UNION METALLIC CARTRIDGE COMPANY. Bridfeaort. Conn. 

Agency, 313 Iiroadway, New York City. 




Dr. Marshall's Catarrh Snuff 

CONTAINS NO COCAINE 
Morphine or Other Injurious Progs— Most Other Remedies Do. 



F. C KEITH, Mfg. and Prop 



It is the pore old remedy for Catarrh — Cold in the Head 
—Headache — LaGnppe — Haylever — Ringing in the Ears — 
Deafness (due to Catarrh), and Lost Sense of Smell, bring- 
ing relief and comfort at Once, aiding nature to heal and ef- 
fect a permanent cure. Made from the same formula since 
J335 — fifty years before Cocaine was discovered — guaran- 
teed pure, and registered by the Government under the Pure 
Food and Drugs Act ot June 30th, 1906. Serial number 243. 
ASK YOUR DRUGGIST FOR DR. MARSHALL'S CATARRH SNUFF . 

As neither sprays, ointments nor medicine taken internally * . cure 
Catarrh in the head. SoU by all druggists at 25C per bottle or mailed direct. 

589 Society for Savings B!dg., CLEVELAND, 0 





FREE 




With Every Vehicle Order 

received in December, January and February for immediate or 
later shipment, a Combination Storm Front, 
a line I'.irriaKO Heater < r a Dietx Driving 
Lamp. If you are anticipating buying now or next spring, 
do not miss this opportunity but send for full particu- 
lars at once. FOR THIRTY-FIVE YEARS we have been 



selling direct, and are 

The Largest Manufacturers in the World 

selling on this plan exclusively. We ship for full examination and 
approval, guaranteeing safe delivery. We manufacture over 200 
styles of Vehicles and over 65 styles of Harness. 

Send for new 1908 catalog and our premium proposition for No. ess 
winter months. A postal card Is all that is MOMSaty. 3S"S 
Elkhart Carriage & Harness Mfg. Co., Elkhart. Ind. '. 





SlSend Us Your Hides 

We are tanners anil dress- 
er* of all kind* Of furs. Iio 
yon want a Fur OMl like 
,tbl* at mniill expeii«el We 
manufacture coat*, rnnes, 
■lores. rug* ami mittens 
from cattle and hone hides. 

The ent shown In from 
row hide. Dog and mask- 
rat skins make beautiful clov- 
es and mittens. Onr w<>rk Is 
Bum hi i wlinl. n liter 
ami mill li proof. Drop us 
tf card, get catalog and cam- 
ples free, telling yon all about 
our work. 

ffi THE SYLVANIA TANNING CO.' 
Sylvania. Ohio. 



Furs Wanted 

We want every Hunter and Trapper to 
send for our hr>mlsorne new booklet. 

"Sluman'sMoncv M aking 
Plan for Hunter-.. Trap- 
pers and Dealers." It is 
full of valuable Informa- 
tion and sent free on re- 
quest. We pay generou* 
prices for all kinds of furs, 
give liberal grading and 
Pay Express Charges. 
Prompt remittances. Twenty years of 
square dealing have made us the largest 
exporters in the U. S. Ask your banker 
abc it us. You can't afford to sell your 
furs till yon write us. 

M.S'oman&Co. Dt?r6?t"^ch. x ' 




Jan. 4, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



21—21 



(Concluded from page 12.) 
bush-like tree sometimes attaining a 
night of ten feet. It belongs to the 
shrub class in size and you wanted it 
for that reason. The agent brings you 
a magnolia all right, but when it 
leaves out — an expert neighbor recog- 
nizes it as a M. acuminata, the com- 
mon cucumber of Ohio woods. Now if 
you let the tree stand where you want- 
ed a shrubby growth instead of a for- 
est tree, you are not saving the $2.50 
the agent taxed you. Instead you are 
accumulating an ever-increasing stock 
of discord and discontent as well as 
sapping roots and shade where yrju 
wanted sunlight. 

Were the mistake yours instead of 
that of a swindling agent the results 
would be the same, and it is one of the 
redeeming features of ornamental gar- 
dening that you can correct mistakes 
as you go along without a great deal 
of loss, either of time or material. It is 
only with large growing trees when 
you have room for a very limited num- 
ber, that loss is likely to folrow mis- 
takes. All the shrubs, evergreens, and 
herbaceous stuff bear repeated trans- 
planting and I know country places 
owned by wealthy people which are 
constantly being changed in minor de- 
tails by the transferring of the living 
material without much regard to time 
of year, provided it is mild weather. I 
know a couple t>f country folks who in 
ten years have changed nearly every 
bush and herb and quite a number of 
trees several times and have finally 
got an arrangement which not only 
pleases themselves but shows a high 
degree of skill in the art of beautify- 
ing a lawn. They are, in fact, skill- 
ful landscape gardeners, and their skill 
is that of experience. In acquiring 
this skill they have become versed in 
botany and all that concerns plant 
growth, and have broadened their 
minds as much or more than by years 
of study of books or college texts. 

For example, you receive the bush 
magnolia which I spoke of. It is the 
real thing this time and was growing 
last summer near Ghent in Belgium/or 
possibly in Angers or Orleans, France, 
or stranger still in Japan and has 
crossed the Pacific Ocean and the Am- 
erican continent. If from France it has 
a ball of earth attached, carefully sewed 
up in a piece of strong, coarse canvas, 
of a size which would fill a six-inch 
hat. The earth is a sort of bluish clay 
and thru a break in the half-rotten 
canvass you eye it curiously. If you 
are of a thoughtful turn you trace it 
from the nursery on the Loire, 50 
miles south of Paris, near the center 
of France, to the sea, across the At- 
lantic, and thru the custom house.land- 
ing finally in the above-ground stor- 
age cellars of some nursery firm in 
America. It has numerous buds which 
will open in a few weeks, and you won- 
der at the skill and care which has 
produced this tree or bush of two feet. 
You think of these things, and handle 
it gingerly and almost with awe as 
you think' of its foreign birth, of its 
more than 4,000 miles of travel and 
how you have a little bit of French soil 
in your own dooryard. Later on it will 
open its beautiful blossom and smile at 
you thru the kitchen window as you 
wash dishes, and all summer you will 

I pause a second or two each morning to 
watch its growth as you scrub the milk 
cans on t~e back porch. If you have 
seen, as the writer has, lantern slides 
showing long lines of Belgian or 
French women working between nur- 
sery rows with heavy hoes chopping 
up the ground as Southern negroes 
used to chop cotton, the women wear- 
ing clumsy wooden shoes and the 
coarsest of clothes, you will probably 
be all the more content with your lot 
as the wife or daughter of an Ameri- 
can farmer. 

I am led to discuss this matter now 
because in the past few weeks three la- 
dies have asked where they could get 
a periodical which was especially de- 
voted to ornamental planting. These la- 
dies have tried several and do not get 
the knowledge they tried for. This is 
not all the fault of the journals. A child 
in the primer is not much interested 
in the fourth reader, and rural land- 
scape improvement is in the primer 
stage while much of the literature on 
the subject is Of a more advanced class, 
for the benefit of people who have been 
planning and planting for many years 
before the most advanced farmers got 
to a point where they even thought of 
it. However, careful, continued think- 



ing along logical lines, leading to any 
want, will generally land one within 
speaking distance of the goal, and 
landscape improvement is no exception. 

On a table beside me is the catalog 
of a nursery firm of Orleans, France. 
It is a pamphlet the size of the Inter- 
state R. R. Guide, and contains 214 
pages, all but eight of whL'i are de- 
voted to listing ornamental plants. 
This city is well away fror? the sea 
am' eight degrees north of central 
Ohio, so what they grow must be hardy 
here. Of larger sizes of ornamental 
trees and shrubs, they list 1,600 varie- 
ties; of climbers 250 varieties; of con- 
ifers one to five feet high, 100 varieties 
of perennials, 450 varieties; of roses, 
800 varieties. Now the first thing you 
may think about is that if you plant 
only ten of these 3,000 varieties or 
more, selecting judiciously and plant- 
ing in the proper place, you will have 
a larger and more beautiful collection 
of the purely ornamental than any one 
of 90 percent of the farmers of Ohio. 
This matter of the possibilities of your 
lawn and the shortcomings of your 
neighbor's, if properly revolved in your 
mind, may occupy many of your wak- 
ing moments. — L. B. Pierce, Summit 
Co., O. 




THE FARM GARDEN. 

With the ground frozen and covered 
with snow, it scarcely seems the time 
of year to talk of making garden; but 
tho we can do no outdoor work we 
can plan next summer's garden so that 
when spring comes we can go at our 
work intelligently. It will not do to 
leave all preparations until spring has 
fairly opened, for there is usually a 
rush of farm work in which the gar- 
den is often neglected unless every- 
thing is ready for us to go right ahead. 
January is none too early to make 
plans and preparations. Decide what 
vegetables are to be grown; make a 
list of them and divide the garden plot 
up accordingly. 

Don't grow the same kind of vegeta- 
bles in one part of the garden year 
after year; rotate your garden crops 
just as you do your general farm crops. 
A plan of the garden on paper will 
show you year by year just what vege- 
tables were grown on any part of the 
garden plot, and will enable you to 
shift them about intelligently. The 
garden ought to be the richest spot 
on the farm. It is almost impossible to 
manure it too heavily. From thirty to 
fifty-two horse wagon loads per acre 
is none too much. It is best applied in 
fall and winter if the ground is com- 
paratively level. The soluble parts are 
taken up and held by the soil, while 
the coarser parts are broken up suffi- 
ciently by repeated freezing and thaw- 
ing, to mix readily with the soil when 
turned under in the spring. Of course 
it is not practicable to manure hill- 
sides heavily in the fall, as most of 
the fertilizing elements might be lost. 
Whether applied in fall or spring, the 
garden should receive a liberal dress- 
ing. The ground should be plowed as 
early as the weather permits, and har- 
rowed until it is fine and mellow. A 
thoro preparation of the soil is as es- 
sential as frequent cultivation. 

In another month it will be time to 
start some plants indoors if extra ear- 
ly vegetables are wanted. We all like 
to boast of our first "mess" of peas, 
our earliest radishes and lettuce, and 
our first ripe tomatoes. We do not lik3 
to admit that neighbor Jones got ahead 
of us, so we stoutly aver we've been 
eating green peas for two weeks; when 
truth to tell, the blossoms are just be- 
ginning to open. Not everything can 
be started indoors but there are a num- 
ber of things that may be started in 
boxes and later transferred to the hot- 
bed until the weather will permit out- 
door planting. Tomatoes, cabbage,egg- 
plant and cucumbers are a few that 
may be raised with little trouble. By 
starting them in boxes several weeks' 
start is gained and we can enjoy fresh 
vegetables at a time when we can't af- 
ford to buy them because of high 
prices— Nat. S. Green, Hamilton Co., 
Ohio. 



For the land's sake — use Bowker's 
Fertilizers. They enrich the earth. 



Ownership of Fence. — B builds his line 
fence, but by mistake builds it on A's 
land. Can B remove it if A objects to his 
doing: so. or can A hold tho fence as his 
own? W. H. C. — The fence belongs to B 
and A has no right to prevent him from 
moving it.- — H. L. S. 



Let Us Quote You 1 908 Prices 
on Split Hickory Vehicles 

We want you to tret our prices Now— before you think of buyine elsewhere— we want to 
3end you our proposition on a Split Hickory Vehicle — for we know it will please you. . 

We want to make — to your order — just the vehicle you WANT — and we want to send it to 
you On Trial — and if you want to keep it we will save you 33'A% on the price. Keep that 33MS6 
in YOUR pocket (instead of paying it to the dealer as his profit)— by buying your liugcy direct 
from a factory that will make it to your order — and sell it to you On Trial. All 

Split Hickory Vehicles Made-to-Order 
Sold on 30 Days Free Trial 
Guaranteed 2 Years 

That's the plan on which we do business — the plan that's increased our business three 
times over, in the past few years — the plan that has proved so satisfactory to Buggy users all 
over the country that we've been compelled to open up another bit factory at Columbus in order 
to keep up with their orders. 

Our Big New 19o8_Buggy Book is ready— and we'll send it to you at once. Free if you ask 
for it. It shows over 125 different Styles of Vehicles — which gives you a big variety to choose 
from — more Buggies — Surreys — Stanhopes — Driving Wagons — Phaetons, etc., than could be seen 
in ten large salesrooms. 

Don't fail to send for this book — and get our prices for 1908— for these prices mean money 
in your pocket. Address us at Columbus. 

The Ohio Carriage Mfg. Co., H. C. Phelps, Pres., Station 33 Columbus, O. 

Two Big Factories — at Columbus and Cincinnati, Ohio. 




M ANSON CAMPBELL, 

President, 
The Manson Cumpbell 
Company, Ltd. 



Ill Give You Plenty oi Time 

to Prove that the CHATHAM 

Fanning Mill Will Pay lor 
Itself in a Year— 

You can prove this by simply taking my proposition and cleaning your grain 
— before you sell it — or before you sow it. $1,000,000 lost by Partners in 
Ohio and Michigan alone each season by selling and sowing dirty grain is a 
low estimate. You won't haul it to be cleaned before you sell your grain, 
so you are "docked" on the price because of dirt in every bushel. Just take 
me up on my offer — get a CHATHAM Fanning Mill and save its price 
easily by using it on your place. Take 30 Days' Free Trial first. 

HERE'S WHAT IT DOES 

Cleans all kinds of grain— Separates Oats from Mix .-at better than anv mill von can 
buy— Cleans Ked Clover— Takes out Buckhorn Plantain. Cleans Alslke Clover and 
Alfalfa. — Cleans Beans, Oats. Barley — Grades Corn— Cleans Timothy Seed— Takes 
all chess and cockle out of w heat. 



Chatham Free Book Tells You My Plan On 

This valuable book tells many other ways than those above that a Qf| B'kiJiiT'C ITvipp 

Chatham Fannin*? Mill will make and save for you. As a practical mPm 9 m? A *~ 

man you know that all I've ph id above is true nml \ <m a '.. <> I, row t i .it jg> -,'[ T*Y*1£1 1 

in selling direct from our factory— prepaying frei-ilit to you— ptviu^ Em* M>m.1€m.M* 
you 30 DAYS 1 FREE TRIAL— and our wholesale price — we 
nave simply got to give you a CHATHAM Fanning Mill that does 
all we claim for It. Our ju.;iness life depends on our mill's making 
good. Remember that 

I Prepay the Freight 

I'll Fend vnu a CHATHAM Fanning Mill on 30 Days' Trial to prove 
it will do ail we say it will. 250,000 sold alri ady in U. S.and Cunaua. 
Experiment Stations indorse them, and Agricultural Papers recom- 
mend them to subscribers. So why take low prices for dirty, mixed 
grain, or sow seed that grows weeds and mixed crops? ^Vrite 
for full particulars prices and New Catalog Free— Address me 
at nearest city to you— MANSON CAMPBELL, President 

THE MANSON CAMPBELL COMPANY. Ltd. 

1 8 Wesson Ave.. Detroit, Mich. 
Dept. 1 9 Kansas CESy, !Wo. Dspt. l 9 St. Paul, Minn 

Dept. 10 Portland, Ore. 

We have 24 P^nch Warehouses, and make prompt shipments 



^ MARDIE AUTOMATIC Power Sprayer 





PRICE 8I65— WEIGHT 66Dlbs 



All objections as to cost and weight over- 
come, powerful engine, 150 gallon cypress 
tank, all brass pump which will supply 
two lines of hose and from six to eight 
nozzles, so simple In its construction that 
a boy can operate it and so completely 
automatic that there is 

Nothing to Watch but the Spray 

We also make a complete line of hand 
pumps for bucket, bar, el or tank. "The 
Hardie" Is strictly a high 
pressure pump and is 



^ - • — i 1 

its simple construction. Its strength and durability and 

They Work So Easy 



THE HARDIE MFG. CO., 



noted for 
because 

The man who sprays gets the fruit. Get in the game. Our 
catalog tells how. 

15 Main Street, 
HUDSON, MICH. 




mui/rEmrz/oTHCF 

%CASTIROM 

m 



HERCULES STEEL STUMP PULLER 



yAHFARIF IMlf/ Kinp among slump machines. Absolutely the only lino made 
WMiiruj lonu ot 5tecl - a11 othera lron - Hercules Is MCJ stronger 
nROUom IRON than any other. Catalog Free. Address 

HERCULES MANUFACTURING CO., Dept. 79 




Contervlllo. Iowa. U. S. A. 



22—22 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jax. 4, 1908. 



| MARKETS 



OUR CHICAGO LETTER. 

Chicago. HI., Dec. 30, 19)7. 
RECEIPTS. 

Cattle. Hogs. Sheep. 

Received today 23,000 33,000 15.000 

Same dav last vear.23.137 38,425 22.448 
Received last w'k... 46,061 134,883 38,304 
Same w'k last y'r. .39,137 121,518 61.143 
Cattle were in much less request last 
week than usual as poultry was substitu- 
ted in great measure for beef during the 
Christmas and New Year holidays. Coun- 
try shippers, anticipating bad markets for 
this reason, sent in such meager supplies 
on Monday and Tuesday that prices ad- 
vanced 25@40c on good buying. There was 
no market on Wednesday, but the receipts 
the following day were so liberal that 
prices declined 15(5)25c, there being but 
a moderate general demand. With the ex- 
ception of a carload that brought $6.30 
on Monday, last week's steer sales were 
at $3.60@6.10. the greater part going at 
$4.59(5)5.75. Cattle classed as choice sold 
above $6.50; good lots, $5.25(5)5.50; fair 
kind. $4.75(55. Exporters were not large 
buyers, paying usually $5(5)5.60, English 
dispatches reporting lower markets and 
dullness. There was considerable doing 
in butchering lots, cows and heifers be- 
ing wanted at $2.60(5)4.60; canners and 
cutters selling fairly at $1.25<S>2.50; bulls. 
$2@4.50; calves, $2@6.50; stockers and 
feeders, $2.25@4.25. Not much was ac- 
complished above $4. The prospects favor 
more activity in beef cattle after Janu- 
ary 1, but on the other hand, liberal re- 
ceipts for some weeks ahead are highly 
probable, and this is, of course, unfavor- 
able for high prices. Profit made by cat- 
tle feeders will depend largely on what the 
first coet was if fattened properly. An 
early return to full normal consumption 
of beef seems hardly likely. The market 
was active and largely a dime higher to- 
day, but the early activity did not last 
up to the close. Few steers sold as high 
as $5.80 to $6. 

Hogs started off last week with an ac- 
tive local and outside demand, and there 
was a big advance in prices on Monday. 
Later in the week conditions changed 
radically. The shipping demand was lar- 
ger than a year ago, but it fell far short 
of what it was not long ago, and a lack 
of vigorous outside competition enabled 
packers to force several fierce declines in 
quotations. There was a much better 
call for the hogs of medium to heavy 
weights than for those of much lighter 
weights, and the latter had to be closed 
out at quite a discount, while heavy hogs 
topped the market regularly. The hogs 
coming to market, while much heavier 
than a few weeks ago. are still consider- 
ably lighter than at corresponding periods 
in recent years, the recent average weight 
being 217 lb. Farmers owning marketable 
hogs , seem eager to ship as soon as pos- 
sible and are doing so whenever prices 
are not on the down-grade. The market 
was active and about 10c higher today, 
with hogs selling at $4.30(5)4.90. but there 
was a dull and lower closing. Prices were 
not greatly different from those of a week 
ago. The best light-weights went at 
$4.75 and the best heavies at $4.85. 

Sheep and lambs were not needed in 
large numbers last week, as mutton is not 
i popular article of food during the 
Christmas holidays. The meager offer- 
ings resulted in competition between buy- 
ers, and there was a regular boom in 
prices. Fat lambs of superior quality led 
off in activity and strength, but there 
were also big advances in light yearlings, 
as well as in good sheep. Country ship- 
ners should understand that such sudden 
booms are based on exceptionally small 
receipts and can not be maintained un- 
der normal supplies. There was a further 
advance of 15@25c today under meager 
receipts and a good demand. Lambs sold 
>t $5(5)6.85; ewes. $2.50(5)5; wethers. $4(5) 
5.10; yearlings. $4.50(5)5.50; bucks. $2(5)4. 
feeders wanted lambs at $5(5)5.75. ewes 
at $2.50(5)3.50. wethers at $3.75@4.25 and 
yearlings at $4(5)4.35. 

Horses have been so extremely dull for 
another week that it may be said that 
no real market existed. The general de- 
Tiand is so poor that there is no encour- 
'^ement for breeders to part with their 
surplus horses at this time, and the re- 
ceipts have been so meager that the auc- 
tion sales were abandoned. Horses are 
■elling at the lowest prices seen In a long 
time, but hopes are felt that the times 
will improve after New Year's. Drafters 
ire finding slow sales at $160®220 per 
head, while sales are made in a small way 
of drivers at $75(5>250 and now and then 
at a higher figure. — F. 

CHICAGO TOP PRICES A TEAR AGO. 

Prime steers, $6.50(5)6.80; choice beeves. 
«4. 85(56.25; hogs, best grades. $6.10(5)6.50: 
"alves. $2.25(5)8.65; sheep. $3.50(5 6. Mutton 
< carllngs. $5.75(5)6.85; feeder lambs, $6.00 
1>7: lambs. $6.60®8. 



Common to good fat bulls .. .. 2.75@4.25 
Common to good fat cows .. .. 2.00^4.00 

Heifers, 700 to 1100 lb 3.00@4.60 

Bologna cows, per head .... 7.00@14 
Fresh cows and springers .... $16@60 

Calves. — Receipts of calves 300 head. 
The market ruled firm. 

Veal calves $5.50@8.75 

Heavy and thin calves 3.00(§/5.00 

Hogs. — Fifty double-deck loads. The 
market ruled 15c per cwt. higher than 
last week's closing price. A good clearance 
of all on sale was made. 

Prime heavy $5.00(5) 

Prime medium weights 5.00@.... 

Best heavy Yorkers 5.00@ 

Good light Yorkers 4.85@4.90 

Pigs 4.80@4.85 

Common to good roughs 4.00(5)4.50 

Stags 3.25@3.75 

Sheep. — The supply of sheep and lambs 
was very light, only 5 double-deck loads 
on sale. With a good demand the market 
ruled active and 25c per cwt. higher on 
best lambs, yearlings, 25@50c per cwt. 
higher; sheep, firm. No good sheep on 
sale. 

Prime wethers $4.75(5)5.00 

Good mixed 4.25@4.75 

Fair mixed ewes and wethers. 3.25@4.00 

Culls and common 1.50@2.50 

Culls to choice yearlings 3.00@6.00 

Spring lambs 5.00@7.25 

REPRESENTATIVE SALES. 

Cattle.— 20 head, 1365 lb., $5.75; 13 head, 
1384 lb.. $5.60; 18 head, 1330 lb., $5.55; 25 
head, 1135 lb., $5.40; 18 head. 1338 lb.. $5. 30; 
80 head, 1145 lb., $5.25; 22 head, 1022 lb., 
$5.10: 42 head, 1183 lb., $5; 23 head, 1269 
lb.. $4.90; 18 head, 1051 lb., $4.65; 22 head, 
1090 lb., $4.55. 

Hogs.— 80 head, 241 lb., $5; 219 head. 178 
lb., $5; 102 head, 167 lb., $5; 61 head, 121 
lb.. $4.85; 55 head, 127 lb., $4.90; 87 head, 
113 lb., $4.80; 156 head, 101 lb., $4.85. 

Sheep.— 34 head, 81 lb., $5; 27 head, 75 
lb.. $4. 

Lambs.— 83 head, 84 lb., $7.35; 35 head, 
75 lb., $7.25; 20 head, 86 lb., $7.10; 128 
head, 83 lb., $7; 91 head, 83 lb., $6.85; 64 
head. 66 lb., $6.75.— J. F. W. 

PITTSBURG TOP PRICES A TEAR AGO. 

Steers, prime to extra, $5.50(5)6.00; fair 
to good. $4@5.45; calves, $3@9; hogs, 
prime heavy, $6.75; medium weights. $6. 75; 
pigs, $6.75; sheep, good mixed, $5.20@5.40; 
prime wethers, $5.50@5.85; lambs, $5.50® 
8.00. 



orn 1'ITTSBCRG LETTER 



TTnlon Stock Yards. 
Pittsburg. Pa.. Dec. 30. 1907. 
Cattle. — The supply on sale today was 
c 0 loads against 70 loads last week. While 
»he supply was light, the market ruled 
'airly active at about steadv prices on 
he good weight grades, while the tidy 
*n fat butcher steers sold strong to 10e 
er cwt. higher. Bulls, fat cows and helf- 
■ -s sold 10®15e per cwt. higher. Fresh 
uvs and springers In light supply and 
'aw sale. 

"\-trn. 1400 lb $B.60®B.<5 

-vlme. 1300 to 1400 lb 5.40(5R.60 

<"ood. 1200 to 1300 lb 5.25(55.40 

"idv. 1050 to 1150 lb 4.8R(55.2R 

■>^alr 1000 to 1100 lb 4.25(54.76 

"fcfii 900 to 1000 IK s "B*"* 10 

Common. 700 to 900 lb 3.00(53.60 

'-auch. half-fat. lono to 1300 lb. 4.00(5)4.76 
Common to good fat oxen 3.00®4.00 



BUFFALO LIVE STOCK. 



East Buffalo, N. Y., Dec. 30, 1907. 
Receipts of cattle since Monday have 
been very light. Buffalo butchers took 
about all the desirable killing grades at 
steady prices, and at the close on Satur- 
day there was practically nothing left ex- 
cept a few common light cattle. Hog re- 
ceipts have been fairly liberal, but the 
demand has been uneven, and prices have 
fluctuated. Low price for the week was 
$4.70. and high price after Monday was 
$5.05. The local packers have been indif- 
ferent buyers at times, but a fair outside 
demand helped the market to a certain 
extent, and a general clearance was ef- 
fected. 

Total number of lambs on sale this 
week fell considerably short of last week. 
The prices before and after Christmas on 
good lambs were generally in the neigh- 
borhood of $6.75. On the closing days of 
the week .however, the receipts were 
moderate and a sharp reaction in prices 
prevailed, best lambs selling at the high 
time of Saturday at $7 and $7.10. Best 
culls lambs ranged from $5.75 to $6.25. 
The yearling trade was very dull the fore 
part of the week, but in sympathy with 
the improved conditions on the lambs, 
prices showed to better advantage on Sat- 
urday than earlier in the week. Sheep 
were rather slow sale but improvement 
was noted as the lamb trade advanced. 
Calves were in light supply, and demand 
proportionately moderate. Best veals 
generally sold around $9. with slight flur- 
ries in the trade which caused the prices 
to go to $9.25. 

Receipts of cattle today were less than 
100 cars. 2.250 head in all. The demand 
was below expectations, and sellers were 
unable, as a rule, to obtain more than 
strong prices as compared with last week. 
The butcher steers selling from $4 to $4.50 
were the easiest to dispose'of, while the 
most desirable lots were very dull and 
uneven sale thruout the biggest part of 
the day. Fat cows and heifers were the 
strong feature. This branch of the trade 
was 15@25c per cwt. higher, while the 
commoner grades of female butcher cat- 
tle were strong and active at all times. 
The supply of bulls was light, and with 
a normal demand sellers effected the 15- 
cent advance on about everything offered 
in this line. Altho thetsupply of stockers 
and feeders was the smallest of the sea- 
son, sellers had the most unsatisfactory 
session since the cold -weather set In. 
Eastern buyers give extremely high price 
of the hay and feed astthe cause of their 
indifference, licst milkers and springers 
were steady and active; the commoner 
kinds were very dull. and the market was 
somewhat lower. There were only 800 
head of calves on sale, and the market 
Was •>:.■•■• higher About all the good 
shipping veals sold at $9.50(5)9.75; cull 
calves, $7 down. The pens were emptied 
of all grades at an early hour. 

All grades of hogs were, 10 to 15c high- 
er than Saturday's low time. Receipts 
were moderate, numbering 17.000 head. A 
big run was generally looked for today. 
The big local packers bought liberally on 
the early market, and Eastern orders 
were also In good supply at that time. 
The bulk of the earlv sales were made at 
$4.90. but at the close almost nil erado 
of good-weight hogs went at $4.85. Pigs 
were quotable at Jl SO to Jt.SS. 

There was n light run of 12,000 head of 
sheep and lambs, and buyers were all 
well supplied with orders. Ooening quota- 
tion's were 40 cents niche- than Satur- 
day's close, the bulk of the Bales being at 
$7.50. The market grew sfonger as the 
dav advanced, and late sales were reg- 



istered as high as $7.65@7.75; cull lambs, 
$6@6.50. A few lots o? extra choice year- 
lings sold at $6.35, the exceptional rise 
being in sympathy with the big gains 
made on lambs. All grades of sheep sold 

25 cents higher. Best ewes were quotable 
at $5 per cwt., and occasional sales of 
wethers were made at $5.50. The market 
closed strong, and a complete clearance 
of everything was effected. 

REPRESENTATIVE SALES. 

Cattle.— 24 export steers, 1159 lb., $5.15; 
19 do., 1350 lb., $5.25; 25 butcher steers, 
1072 lb., $4.85; 12 do., 1041 lb.. $4.90; 31 
fat cows and heifers. 780 lb.. $3.50; 29 do., 
1166 lb., $3.85; 21 stockers and feeders, 614 
lb., $3; 29 do., 810 lb., $3.75; 7 bulls, 1390 
lb., $3.80; 1 do.. 1920 lb.. $4.50. 

Hogs.— 157 heavies, 246 lb., $4.90; 84 
mixed and mediums, 198 lb., $4.90; 86 do., 
215 lb., $4.95; 53 Yorkers, 167 lb.. $4.85; 

26 pigs, 107 lb., $4.80; 139 do., 118 lb.. $4. 85; 
4 roughs, 313 lb., $4.35; 25 do., 232 lb., 
$4.50. 

Sheep and Lambs.— 213 lambs. 82 lb., 
$7.50; 116 do., 84 lb., $7.60; 30 cull lambs. 
CO lb., $6.50; 56 do., 63 lb., $6; 104 year- 
lings, 90 lb., $6.25; 27 do., 78 lb., $6; 16 
sheep, 138 lb., $4.75; 110 do.. 98 lb., $5; 26 
cull sheep, 96 lb., $3.50; 108 do., 82 lb., 
$3.10. 

Calves.— 17 calves, 163 lb.. $9.75; 26 do., 
159 lb., $9.50; 14 do., 148 lb.. $9.— S. 

BUFFALO TOP PRICES A TEAR AGO. 

Steers, choice to extra. $5.00@6.00; 
calves, $8.50(5)9; lambs, $7.75(5)8.00; mixed 
sheep, $4.75@5.25; wethers, $6.50(5)6.75. 
Hogs, mixed packers, $6.65; pigs, $6.70@ 
6.80. 



$1.50(5 3.25 basket. Squash, $1.50(52 bbl. 
Turnips, 75c<5-$2.50 bbl. 

Fruit.— Apples. $2 ©4 bbl. Pears, $2.50(5) 
4 bbl. Cranberries, $2(5m.50 bbl., $1(51.75 
crate. 



CLEVELAND LIVE STOCK. 



Reported by W.K. Sadler Commission Co. 

Cleveland. O.. Dec. 31, 1907. 

The cattle market is active at an ad- 
vance of 10 to 15 cents. There is a good 
demand for fair to good butcher grades. 
The calf market is active and 25 cents 
higher. Sheep are steady while lambs are 
strong and higher. Hogs are active at a 
decline of 15 to 20 cents from the report 
of last week. 

Cattle.— Good to choice fat dry-fed 
steers. 1150 lb., up. $5'5>5.50; fair to 
choice, 1,000 to 1.200 lb., $4.50@5.00; fair 
to good, $4(5)4.50; good, 900 to 1.000 lb., 
$4@4.50; fair, 900 to 1.000 lb., $3.50(5)4.00; 
light butcher steers. 750 to 850 lb.. $3.25 
@3.75; coarse, rough fat steers, 1.000 
lb., up, $3.50(5)4.00; good to choice heif- 
ers, 1,000 lb., up, $4@4.35; fair to good 
light. $3@3.75; good to choice fat cows. 
$3@3.40; fair to good, $2.50@3; com- 
mon grades, $1.50(5)2. 50; good fat bulls, 
$3.50@3.75; sausage bulls, $2.75(53.25; 
milch cows and springers, $25@55. 

Calves. — General market on good stock. 
$8.25(5)8.50; fair to good do. $7.75@8.25; 
common, light, thin. $5.50(5)6.50; heavy 
fed. $3.50(5)4.50. 

Sheep. — Good to choice wethers, $4.50 
(5)4.75; best mixed sheep, $3.75@4.25; fair 
to good, $3.25(5)3.75; common and culls, 
$2(5)2.50. Choice lambs, $7.25(5)7.35; fair 
to good, $5.50@7; common and culls, $5(5) 
6.00. 

Hogs. — Mixed and mediums. $4.75(5) 
— ; Yorkers, $4.75@— ; pigs. $4.50@4.65; 
stags. $3.50(53.75; roughs, $4@4.25. Wag- 
on lots, 15@25c under car prices. 

CLEVELAND TOP PRICES A TEAR AGO. 

Beeves, good to choice. $5.25(55.75; fair 
to good, $3.75@4.50; calves, best grades 
$8.25@8.50; fair to good, $7.25@8.00; best 
mixed sheep, $4.75@5.25; choice wethers, 
$5.25(5)5.50; lambs, choice, $7.60(57. 75:good 
butchers. $6.50(5)7; medium and heavy 
hogs, $6.55; pigs. $6.50(5)6.55. 



NEW YORK MARKETS. 



The Journal of Commerce and Commer- 
c'al Bulletin of Dec. 28. says: Business in 
the butter market is comparatively 
small. Only a few buyers were in the mar- 
ket and these stocked up at prices about 
as quoted last week. Best grades are very 
scarce. The cheese market is steady and 
quiet. Little change is looked for until 
the new .year is well opened. The egg 
market has made a serious break in prices 
under heavily increased receipts and lit - - 
tie demand. Demand for live poultry' Is 
fairly good and supplies are well cleaned 
up at steady prices. Weather conditions 
have been against the dressed poultry 
trade and dealing has been extremely 
slow. Prices are low. The demand for po- 
tatoes is light and. the market rules weak. 
Onions are firmer. Cabbage Is weak and 
lower. Beets nre steady; carrots lower. 
Celery is In good demand and firm. Oth- 
er vegetables are about as quoted. There 
is a moderate demand for green fruits 
and prices are about steady. 

Dairy Products — Butter, creamery ex- 
tras. 29(5)30c: .firsts. 26%«?S8c: seconds 
and thirds. 21026c; held. 22(52So. State 
dairy. 20@28c; Western factories. 15%® 
20c. Process, 15@23c. Packing stock, 16 
@18c. 

Cheese. — Full ccam.smnll. 15^ o: do. 
large. 15%(516*ic: do. common to prime. 
9<515e; skims. 3%@llc. 

K B gs.— Near-by selected. 2S-536c: near- 
bv mixed. I60SOc; fresh gathered. 21<5> 
26c: refrigerator, I3wi9c; limed. 15i518c. 

Poultry, live— Chickens. 9%c: fowls. 
ll%c: roosters. 7c: turkeys. 12%c; ducks, 
11(5 12c: geese, lOifnic: pigeons, 20c pair. 
Poultry, dressed. — Turkeys, eastern. 16® 
20c: do. western. 14«fl7c. Spring chickens, 
eastern. 125f23c: do. western. 12@20c. 
Spring chickens, roasting, enstern. 10® 
18c: do. western. 7916c. Fowls, western 
drv-picked. 10Jf12c; western scalded. 7® 
11c;' old roosters. 8c: ducks. 8®12%c: 
geese. 7if?18c. 

Vegetables. — Beans, marrow. $2<5 2 3R 
bu : medium. $2®2.30 bu.: pea »2©2 SO: 
kidney. $2<Fi>2.16: )lma.$3.60«r3 65. Potatoes. 
$1.50(52.60 bbl.. $1 S7'.iM2 per isn-lb. bag. 
Sweet potatoes. Jerseys. $2.00(53.60 bbl.. 
$1 25 -5? on basket. Beets. $1.50*?S.O0 bbl. 
Carrots. J2.60W3 bbl. Celery. 1R«r60c dor 
Cabbage. $6®12 ton. 76c®$l bbl. Onions. 
$1 B0(ff4 bbl.. $1*53 bae. Pumpkins. $1«? 
1.60 bbl. Parsnips. $1*?1.50. String beans. 



CINCINNATI LIVE STOCK. 
Cincinnati. Dec. 30. — Hogs — Active; 
butchers' and shippers', $4.S5'5 4.90; com- 
mon, $3.60(5.4.50. 

Cattle. — Active; fair to good shippers, 
$4.85(55.40; common, $2@2.75. 

Sheep.— Strong; $2(5 2.45; lambs strong, 
$4(5,6.25. 



CLEVELAND MARKETS. 

Cleveland. O.. Dec. 31. 1907. ' 
The Cleveland markets show the usual 
holiday activity and there are some 
changes in prices. Butter is firm at last 
week's quotatioas. Cheese is steady. 
Eggs are lower under more liberal re- 
ceipts. Poultry is tirm and higher. A 
good business in poultry has been done 
this last week and supplies are well 
cleaned up. Grains are generally steady. 
There is a little inquiry for seeds but prices 
are unchanged. Vegetables are active, 
except potatoes, which hold steady and 
quiet. There has been no change in pro- 
visions and other commodities are 
steady. 

FARMYARD AND DAI RT. 

Butter — Elgin creamery extras. 30%® 
31c; prints. 31%®32c; state and west- 
ern. 28%@29c; process. 25@25%c on best 
grades; under grades. 24@24%c; dairy, 23% 
@24%c; prints, lc higher. 

Cheese — York state, full cream. 16® 
16%c; Limburger, 17@18c; Sweitzer. 17% 
@18%c; brick cheese. 16@17c; Ohio full 
cream. 15@16c. 

Eggs — Prime firsts. 25c: current re- 
ceipts, 24c; refrigerator extras. 20c;firsts. 
18c. 

Poultry — Fowls. ll%@12c; light. 10® 
10%c; pigeons, $1@1.25 doz.; squabs. $2® 
2.25 doz.; ducks. 10® 11c; geese. 11c; tur- 
keys. 15@16c. Dressed poultry, 1®1%c 
higher. 

GRAIN, FLOUR AND FEED. 

Wheat — No. 2 red winter by carloads, 
$1.01; No. 3 red. 98c. 

Corn — Old ear, 75c; new ear. (70 lb.), 
55(5)58c. No. 3 shelled, old. 71%c; new, 
65%c. 

Oats— No. 3 white. 54c. 

Flour — Jobbing sacks, winter patents, 
$4.80(5)5.25: straight. $4.50(54.75; Minneso- 
ta patents, $5.20(5)5.75; spring bakers', 
$4.60(5)4.90; rye flour, per bbl.. $5(6 5.50; 
graham, $2.20 cwt. 

Peed— Car lots, in 100-lb. sacks: White 
middlings, per ton. $27@27.50: second fine, 
ton. $26@26.50; bran. $24.50(5 25: gluten 
feed, $26.00@27; coarse finished oil meal 
in 100-lb. sacks. $32(533 per ton: fine $31 
@33; pure old process oil meal. $32<533 per 
ton; hominy. $24.50; No. 2. $22.50; corn 
meal, $26.50. 

HAY. STRAW AND SEEPS 

Hav— Timothy, No. 1. $15.50(5-16.50; No. 
2. $13(515; clover and timothy mixed. 
$13@15r00; clover hay. $10(514. Rye straw, 
bales, carlots. $8.50@9; wheat. $7.50@8; 
oat straw, $7.50@8. 

Seeds— Dealers' selling prices, subject 
to market fluctuations. Timothy. $2.25® 
2 60: clover seed, medium, prime to 
choice. $10(5)10.50; mammoth. $10(510.50; 
bluegrass, $2.20@2.35; orchard grass, 
prime to choice, per bushel. $2.00^2.25; 
rye grass, 8@9c pound; meadow fescue, 
8<59c lb.; alfalfa. $9@9.50: white clover. 
$9(510 per bu.; flaxseed, $1.50@1.60. Al- 
sike. $10@10.60. 

VEGETABLES. 

Potatoes — Choice white, carlots. "r,® 
65c; from store, 65@70c; No. 2, 50(<I55c; 
sweets. Jerseys, $4®4.25; hampers. SI. 75 

@2. 

Onions— Ohio. $1.10@1.25 per cwt.; 
Spanish. 85c<5$l crate. ✓ 

Cabbage — $12(515 ton. 

Beans— Hand-picked. New York mar- 
rows. $2. 40® 2.50; navy. $2.40(5 2.50; red 
kidney. $2.40@2.50: lima. 6%(3 6c. 

Hubbard Squash— $60<5 65 ton. 

Popcorn— Rice, ear, 3%@4c lb.: shelled, 
3%®4c. 

Celerv— 15 (g 30c doz. 

FRUITS AND FRUIT PRODUCTS AND NUTS. 

Apples— $2®4 bbl.. according to qualt- 

tJ Cranberries — $7®9 bbl.. $2.25(5 2.50 
crate. 

Lemons— California. $3®3.60. 
Grape Fruit — $4®5. 

Oranges— Navels. $2@3: Florida. $2®«. 

PROVIHIONS. 

Pork— The following are wholesale sell- 
ing prices: Barrel pork, short meaa. 
$19 °6:light extra short clear.$16.2u®16; 
light extra short clear, heavy. $16 75: 
clear pig. $23; choice family. *1:V."<0. De- 
salted: Regular short clear sides. cwU 
S8.76®9: extra short clear. $S short 
fat backs $7'<iS frrr „. 

Dressed Meats — Texas beef. 6®6%c, 
native steers. S@9c; city dr. ssed val. 

vi..-. pork loin* !" shou .1. rs. 

7%c: sausage. 9c: mutton. 6'j®7c: lambs. 

Smoked Meats — Ham= sugar cured. 
10%®12%c; shoulders. 9Hc: bacon. 119 
12Uc: skinned hams. 9\ftl0*C 

Lard — Steam rendered, S%c; choice 
kettle rendered leaf. 9%C 

(in"('l'.l!lK8. 

Sugar — Granulated, extra fine. $5 20; 
fine $B10; powdered. $B3S: vagle toi- 
lets in kegs. $6.66: cut loaf. $6.00; cos- 
tal dominoes. $7.75 

Coffee. Green— Rio. 9%«rlRc: Java. 19 
. v ■ ,. Koast. ' • i >ld <;• • n mi nt .lava. 
23®31c: Rio. 12%®16c: standard brand. 1 
lb nk' 100 lb . case. $14 44 "517.48. 

Hoppv _ white dover. 18*»i** lb : »m- 
ber. 16«?16c: western honey. $3.75©4 case. 

OILS. TURPENTINE. ETC. 

Oils — Linseed, raw. 1 to 4 bbl.. 43c; 
over 6 bbl. lots. 42c: boiled, lc ad- 
vance. Nt.atsfoot. prime. 61c: lard. W. S. 
73c: extra No. 1 lard. 61c; No. 2. 
6"c- white lead, in 500-lb. lots. <c. In 
smaller lots. 7%c lb.; turpentine, spirits. 
48%c. 

SALT. LIME AND PLASTER. 

Salt— Car lots: Fine FF dairy bulk. 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



23—23 



$1.10; 28 10-lb. bags, $1.10; 100 3-lb. bags, 
$1.50; ground solar, $1.35; Diamond F, 
$1.35; Michigan common fine per bbl., $1. 

Lime and Cement — In bbls., white lime, 
75c; Akron cement, 90c; Louisville, 75c; 
Portland, $1.75. 

HIDES, TALLOW. ETC. 

Hides— Prime cured. 5V6@6%c; green, 
4(a4 1 /ic; bulls, 4c; grubby, badly scored, 
lc less; calfskins, green, (8 to 15 lb.), 
8@9c; Ohio deacons, 60@80c; horse 
hides, green. $2@2.50. Wool pelts, 40® 
75c. Tallow, No. 1. 4y 2 c; No. 2, 4c. 

HARDWARE, TWINE, BASKETS, BAGS. 

Nails — 10-penny, $2.45 per 100-lb. 
keg; 8-penny, $2.55; 4-penny, $2.75; 3- 
penny, $2.95. Cut iron nails are 25c per 
keg higher than wire nails. 

Fencing Wire — Galvanized 12-gauge, 
$2.6002.70 cwt. ; 9-gauge, $2.45®2.55 cwt. 

Twine — Standard binder twine, 10@ 

ioy 2 c. 

Baskets — %bu. split baskets, in less 
than 100 doz. lots 35c doz. ; 100 doz. lots, 
or over, 30c per doz. Peck baskets lc per 
doz. less than %-bu. baskets. 

Bags— Jute, per 100, standard, 14-oz., 
$10; 16-oz., $12. 

RETAIL PRICES. 

Dairy and Meats — Butter. Elgin. 36c; 
Ohio creamery, 33c; dairy. 30c. Cheese, 
l.imimrger. 16c; Sweitzer. 25c; imported 
Swiss, 35c; brick, 20c; York state, 20c. 
Eggs, fresh, No. 1, 42c; cooking, 32c. Ham, 
12i/ 2 c lb. Turkeys, 22c. Bacon, 18@24c. 
Chickens. 14c. 

Vegetables — Beets, $1 bushel. Cab- 
bages. l@l*4c lb.. 85c doz. Radishes, 
30c doz. Onions. 70 ©75c bu. Squash. 4c 
lb. Potatoes. 75080c bu. Wax beans. 180 
— c qt. Carrots. 20c pk. Parsnips, 25c pk. 
Turnips, 20@25c pk. Celery. 35@50c doz. 

Fruits — Bananas. 25@ — c doz. Lemons, 
12020c doz. Oranges, 25 0 50c doz. Apples, 
$2@2.75 box. Cranberries. 12015c. 



GENERAL PRODUCE MARKET. 

New York, Dec. 30. — Butter, creamery, 
21030c; dairy, 20 @ 28c; process, 150 
23c; western factory, 15020c. Cheese, 9V 2 
@15%c. Eggs, near-by, 32034c. Poul- 
try, dressed, irregular; turkeys, 15 @ 18c; 
fowls, 7®12c; western chickens, 13020c. 

Chicago. Dec. 30. — Cash quotations: 
Wheat. No. 2 red. 98% 0$1.O1 Vs. Corn. No. 
2. 58V 2 059c; No. 2 yellow. 62y 2 063c. Fair 
to choice malting barley, 88096c. Flax- 
seed. No. 1 Northwestern. $1.17. Prime 
timothy seed, $4.3004.35. Clover, contract 
grades. $16.75 cwt. Mess pork. bbl.. $120 
12.12%. Short rib sides (loose), $6.5007. 
Lard, $7.67V 2 07.7O cwt. Eggs, 20@24c. 
Creamery butter, 20029c. 

Toledo. Dec. 30. — Clover seed, cash, 
$10.35. Rye. No. 2, 79y 2 c. Alsike. $9.85. 
Timothy. $2.20. Corn. 60c. Wheat, $1.0014 
Oats, standard, 53c. 

Minneapolis. Minn.. Dec. 30.— Flour, 
first patents. $5.7005.80; first clears. $4.50 
©4.60; second clears. $3.5003.60. Bran In 
bulk. $20.7B@21. Wheat. No. 1 hard.Sl.lO^s 
01.10%; No. 1 Northern, $l.O8%01.O8%c; 
No. 2 do., $1.06% 01.06%; No. 3 do., $1.01% 
C'103%. 

Columbus. Dec. 30. — Hay, timothy, baled, 
$13@14; clover, baled. $11; oats and wheat, 
$5; rye, $6. Apples, bu.. $1.2501.75. But- 
ter, creamery, 29c; dairy, 25c. Eggs. 33c. 
Cheese, cream, 15c. Poultry, spring chick- 
ens, 11c; old. 10c; ducks, live, 10c, dressed, 
12c; turkevs. live. 17c, dressed, 19c. 
VISIBLE SUPPLY. 

New York. Dec. 30. — The visible supply 
of grain Saturday. Dec. 28. as compiled 
by the New York Exchange, was as fol- 
lows: Wheat. 46.661.000 bu.. increase, 1,- 
343.000; corn, 3,485,000 bu.. increase. 588.- 
000; oats. 7.586,000 bu.. decrease. 157.000; 
rye, 1,055,000 bu., decrease. 21,000; barley, 
6.870.000 bu., decrease, 52,000. 



DAIRY MARKETS. 
Elgin, Dec. 30. — Butter was firm on the 
board of trade at 29c; output for the week 
was 603,000 lb. 



PITTSBURG HAY AND GRAIN. 

Pittsburg. Pa.. Dec. 30. 1907. 
Good No. 1 timothy and choice clover 
hay in light supply; medium and low 
grades heavy supply and slow sale. No. 
1 timothy. $15.50016; No. 2 do., $13,500 
14.50; No. 3 do.. $11.50012.50. Clover 
mixed. $12.50014.50; do. clear, $14.75016. 
Prairie. $6.50010.50. Straw unchanged. 
Oat, $707.50; wheat. $7@8; rye straw, 
$8.50010. Rye market in good position, 
85086c. Shelled corn receipts light, de- 
mand urgent. Yellow. 70072c; high mixed, 
67068c. Ear corn demand good and mar- 
ket firm. Yellow. 55059c; high mixed. 55 
056c; mixed, 54055c. Oats show increased 
firmness, demand taking all in sight. 
White, 53y 3 ft55i«c; light mixed. 50@50V 2 c. 
Mill feed receipts very light, market 
stronger. White mids., $25.50027; brown 
do.. $22.25024.50. Winter wheat bran, 
coarse. $24024.50; do. medium. $23,500 
24; do. fine, $22023.50. Spring wheat bran, 
$21021.50. 



THE POTATO MARKET. 
The potato market is very quiet and 
prices remain practically steady. Quota- 
tions at principal markets. Dec. 28, were 
as follows: New York, $1.5002.50 bbl.. 
$1.87@2.12 bag. Philadelphia. 60 0 73c bu. 
Chicago, 55 ^/ 57c. Cincinnati, 65068c. 
Pittsburg, 55062c. St. Louis, 50058c. 
Cleveland. 60©65c. Louisville, 60 0 63c. 



WOOL TRADE REVIEW. 
The American Wool and Cotton Re- 
porter of Dec. 26. says: It is becoming 
more and more apparent that the real 
choice wools ar3 becoming dangerously 
scarce, and when the machinery now idle 
resumes full operations there will be a 
scramble for what wool remains to be 
sold. Trading has not been heavy at any 
time for the past two months, but in the 
aggregate a large amount has been han- 
dled and supplies are sold unusually close 
for this time of year. Fleeces are not 
now in active demand, altho the inquiry 
for quarter-bloods is good, and the start- 
ing of the heavy-weight goods buying 
will increase the demand for quarter- 
bloods. A sale of 75.000 pounds of Mich- 
igan quarters is reported at 29c. and 30 - 



000 of Ohio three-eighths blood sold at 
33©33V 2 c. Another sale of Michigan half- 
bloods was made at about 30c. Delaines 
have not sold in any appreciable quanti- 
ties, yet there has been a small trade 
going on all the time that is slowly re- 
moving the best stocks from dealer's 
warehouses. Quotations range about as 
follows: Ohio, Pennsylvania and West 
Virginia XX and above, 34%©35c; do. X, 
32@33c; do. No. 1, 39@40c; do. three- 
eighths and quarter-bloods, 33039c. Ohio 
and Pennsylvania fine delaines, 33@39c. 
Unwashed delaine, 31®31%c. Unmer- 
chantable delaine, 32y 2 033c. Michigan un- 
washed delaine, 30c. Ohio and Pa. fine 
unmerchantable, 28029c; do. fine un- 
washed, 25026c. Ohio unwashed quarters, 
33rti33y 2 c. Ohio three-eighths. 3:!033y 2 c. 
Total sales for the week, 2,044.000 lb. 



PORK PACKING AND PROVISIONS. 

The Cincinnati Price Current reports 
605^000 hogs packed in the West last 
week compared with 630.000 week before, 
520.000 two weeks preceding and 605 000 
for corresponding time last year. From 
Nov. 1 the total is 3.435.000. against 4,- 
140.000 a year ago — a decrease of 705.000. 
Prices have varied during the week, the 
closing average for the leading markets 
being $4.50 per cwt.. as compared with 
$4.50 the preceding week. $4.60 two weeks 
ago, $6.35 the corresponding period of last 
year. $5.10 two years ago. $4.55 three 
years ago, and $4.55 four years ago. The 
speculative provision market was more ac- 
tive during the week with prices steady. 
January pork was lowest at $12. 42y 2 high- 
est. $12.75; closed at $12.45. against 
$12.65 last week and $16.35 a year ago. 
The week's export clearances were as fol- 
lows: Total meats. 8.548.000 lb. against 
10. 671.00(1 lb. same period last year; lard, 
8,043,000 lb. against 13,996.000 lb. 

BUSINESS CONDITIONS. 

Dun's Review of Dec. 28 says: Holiday 
trade was very heavy during the last few 
days before Christmas, making the total 
of the season considerably above expecta- 
tions, but not equal to the record of last 
year. General business has been quiet, 
as is customary at this season of the 
year, and manufacturing plants have in- 
creased the percentage of idle machinery. 
The banks furnished currency more read- 
ily for pay rolls, but little improvment is 
recorded in mercantile collections. More 
wage earners are idle than at anv previ- 
ous time this year, yet many mills and 
factories announce resumption early in 
1908. and consumption of staple commo- 
dities is not perceptibly diminished, be- 
cause of the savings of the preceding ex- 
tended period of full occupation Immi- 
gration for November established a new 
record. 117.476 aliens arriving in this 
country. 22.855 more than in the same 
month last year. Foreign commerce at 
New York City showed a gain of $3,567.- 
480 in exports and a loss of $9,539,760 in 
imports, as compared with the same week 
last year. Railway earnings thus far re- 
ported for December decreased 9.9 per- 
cent from the figures of last year. Grains 
ruled practically steady, an early weak- 
ness in wheat being- followed bv a sub- 
stantial recovery. Failures for the week 
numbered 280 in the United States.against 
187 last year, and 24 in Canada, compared 
with 17 a year ago. 

Carl S. Russel of this city received to- 
day, a report from Messrs. Spencer Trask 
& Co., his New York correspondents, upon 
general business and financial conditions. 
They say -that bankers generally report 
many indications of a reasonably rapid 
recovery from the disturbance of 1907. 
Underlying conditions are sound and bear 
no resemblance to those of 1893. They de- 
clare that the general situation is' bet- 
ter than in any other panic year. One of 
the great elements of strength is the 
prosperity of the agricultural classes. 
Farmers have been prosperous for a num- 
ber of years and very many more than 
usual have balances in banks or in in- 
vestments. They declare what "we have 
asserted hitherto, that with prosperity 
among farmers generally there can be no 
extended depression. It is undoubtedly 
true that farmers generally, have more 
money at command than they have had 
for many years past. 



ADDITIONAL VETERINARY. 

Blind Teat.— Cow has a blind teat. Can 
I restore this quarter of udder? S E. T. 
Waynesville. O.— I have my doubts about 
your being able to clear this quarter of 
adhesions and obstructions which have 
destroyed it. Liberal hand rubbing and 
the use of 1 part tincture iodine, and 5 
parts vaseline will help. When she comes 
fresh you had better use a milking tube. 

Barren Cow.— Cow came fresh last 
April and has not come in heat since. 
During the past month she seems to 
throw out a green substance and has ap- 
parently lost her cud. C. F. T., Freeport, 
O. — Your cow will not come in heat until 
she regains her health. Give 1 oz. bicar- 
bonate soda. 1 oz. ground ginger and 1 
oz. powdered charcoal. 3 times a day 
HOGS. 

Nasal Catarrh. — Hogs are troubled with 
discharge from nose. J. T. D., Edgerton, 
Wi& — Your hogs take cold which brings 
on a nasal catarrh. They may suffer 
from a sort of hay fever. Keep them dry 
and warm and give some of the follow- 
ing compound powder in feed twice a 
day: Powdered sulfate iron, gentian, gin- 
ger and bicarbonate soda, equal parts by 
weight. Mix it thoroly and give % tea- 
spoonful to each hog twice a day. 

Ophthalmia. — Hogs seem to be trou- 
bled with disease of the eyes. A. R. S.. 
Osnaburg. O.— Your shotes suffer from in- 
fectious ophthalmia. Blow a little calo- 
mel into their eyes, once a day. Also use 
a saturated solution of boric acid, once a 
day. Feed laxative food or give enough 
Epsom salts or raw linseed oil to open 
bowels. 

Azoturia. — Brood sow came in heat and 
I started to drive her one mile to have 
her served. When about half a mile from 
home she seemed to lag and soon lost' use 



of her hind legs. E. J. M.. Fremont, O. — 
Give enough castor oil to open bowels 
and keep them active by repeated doses 
of raw linseed oil. Feed some oats but no 
corn. Give tablespoonful sanmetto, twice 
a day and apply equal parts turpentine, 
aqua ammonia and sweet oil^to back and 
hips, once a day. 

DOGS. 

Sore Ears. — Dog has trouble with ears, 
the inside being scaly. There appears to 
be a little sack about the size ol a grain 
of corn inside. He shakes his head and 
scratches the ear until it bleeds on in- 
side. E. D., Thornville, O. — Open sack 
and apply 1 part hydrogen-peroxide to 5 
parts water; then dust on a little boric 
acid. Treat twice a day. 



shend Hall, O. S. U.. 7:30 P. M., Jan. 14. 
Association of Fair Presidents and Sec- 
retaries, Board of Trade Auditorium, 7:30 
P. M., Jan. 15. American Chester White 
Record Asso'n, Star Hotel, 8 P. M.. Jan. 
15. Ohio Shorthorn Breeders' Asso'n. Neil 
House. 7:30 P. M., Jan. 15. Agricultural 
Students' Union, Townshend Hall. O. S. 
U.. 7:30 P. M., Jan. 15. Ohio State Horti- 
cultural Society, Board of Trade Rooms. 
Jan. 15, 16 and 17. All of these meetings 
are important and good programs have 
been arranged. 



THE WEEK. 



Leading Events. 

Panama Canal.— With the starting of 
the great naval fleet to round the horn 
and sail up the Pacific Coast, there has 
come renewed interest in the Panama 
Canal. The government officers who are 
in charge of the work have prepared some 
interesting statistics. The excavation 
completed during November was 1.s:;y1s6 
cubic yards — enough to dig a »8epth of 
forty feet over ten city blocks. The work 
under Col. Goethals is progressing faster 
than ever before. The commission could 
build the Suez Canal at the present rate 
of progress in 3.8 years, 'tho it took ten 
years for de Lesseps to complete it. The 
Manchester ship canal could be built by 
the American canal workers in just twen- 
ty-five months, and Emperor William's 
magnificent Kiel Canal could be dug by 
the Americans in just five years. Aside 
from the increased efficiency of the men 
the health conditions are very greatly im- 
proved. The isthmus has been practical- 
ly free from yellow fever for more than 
eighteen months. 

Naval Affairs. — Dec. 24 Rear Admiral 
Brownson sent in his resignation as chief 
of the bureau of navigation ot the navy 
and Captain Winslow was immediately 
appointed to succeed him. It is not ex- 
actly clear why Brownson resigned, but 
the act is supposed to have been prompt- 
ed either by his refusal to appoint a sur- 
geon to command a hospital ship or to 
his criticisms of the organization of the 
navy. The matter has caused a profound 
sensation and the Senate will probably 
investigate. The great naval fleet, which 
is on its way southward, spent Christmas 
at Port of Spain, Trinidad. Admiral Ev- 
ans .and other officers of the fleet, attend- 
ed a luncheon given by the governor of 
Trinidad. The fleet sailed for Rio de 
Janeiro, Brazil, Dec. 30. A great recep- 
tion is planned at that place. It is now 
planned to have a great naval demonstra- 
tion at Narragansett Bay next summer, 
when more than fifty torpedo boats will 
assemble — the largest fleet of these boats 
ever brought together by any country. In 
addition to these there are now ready for 
service in Atlantic waters seven armored 
warships and many protected cruisers, 
gunboats and monitors. 

Minor Items. 

Hudson, O., was voted dry for all time 
on Dec. 23. A wealthy resident promised 
to install waterworks, electric lighting 
and sewage disposal plants on condition 
that the town should vote to prohibit the 
sale of liquors. It is hoped to make Hud- 
son a model American village. 

Foreign miners became very lawless in 
the district between the Youghiogheny 
and Monongahela rivers, western Pennsyl- 
vania, last week, and went about in 
drunken gangs, threatening* to fire the 
mines and tipples of all of the big coal" 
companies. The Schoenberger mine was 
fired and 100 men narrowly escaped cre- 
mation. Guards had to be placed at all 
mines. A total of 220 bodies have now- 
been recovered- from the wrecked Darr 
mine at Jacsb s creek. 

The x Cleveland Chamber of Commerce 
Sanitation Committee is starting an agi- 
tation for a bill that will give the Ohio 
Live Stock Commission more power in | 
preventing the spread of animal diseases, 
and to. place at the disposal of the com- 
mission $50,000 for compensation for ani- 
mals killed when infected with danger- 
ous diseases. 

In a recent magazine article, a writer 
severely .criticized the American navy, 
stating that the warships were not real 
fighting machines at all. Dec. 23, Secre- 
tary of the Navy Metcalf replied briefly, 
showing that the author of that article 
was not a naval expert, and saying that 
the American navy, boat for boat, and 
gun for gun, was the equal, if not the su- 
perior, of any navy in the world. He 
said that accidents aboard ship had al- 
ways been the«fault of the men in tak- 
ing chances to break records, and not the 
fault of the construction of the ship. 

The product of iron ore or the Lake | 
Superior district for 1907 was 42.150.000 
tons. This is the greatest in the history 
of the Superior iron production. 

President Roosevelt left Washington for 
Pine Knot. Va., Dec. 26. accompanied by 
Mrs. Roosevelt and Theodore. Jr. They 
stayed at their cottage until last Tues- 
day devoting much time to horseback rid- 
ing. All returned to the White House in 
time for the New Year's reception. 



OHIO LIVE STOCK ASSOCIATION. 



The annual meeting of the Ohio Live 
Stock Association will be held on Tues- 
day and Wednesday, Feb. 11 and 12, at 
Columbus, at the time of the dedication 
of the new agricultural buildings at the 
Ohio State University. Program will be 
mailed later to all who request it. A very 
large attendance is anticipated. — C. S. 
Plumb. Sec'y, O. S. U., Columbus, O. 



Indiana Live Stock Breeders. — The 
fourth annual meeting will be held in 
Indianapolis. Thursday, Jan. 9. in the Su- 
preme Court Room, Capitol Building. 
The program is one of unusual interest 
to every man who produces cattle and 
hogs. The speakers are men who have 
built up enviable reputations in their re- 
spective fields of endeavor and every 
farmer is invited to be present and take 
part in the discussions. — J. H. Skinner, 
Sec'y, Lafayette, Ind. 



This 230 Egg 
$ 



Incubator 




We Pay the Freight 

This is a special proposition on our No. 3 Breeder's 

Favorite. We prepay freight to all points east of the Mis- 
sissippi River. You get tur regular (18 Incubator of best 

™Sjta n tiiS Royal Incubator 

30 Days' Free Trial— guaranteed every way. Automatic 
control of heat and ventilation. Perfect hatches assured. 
Money back if not satisfied. Cut this out— mail with H3.M) 
— we'll ship promptly. Get the best at freight-paid bargain 
prices. Free catalog of incubators brooders, poultry 
and allsupplies. Booklet, "Proper Care and Feeding of 
Chicks," 19 cents. 50c poultry paper one year, 10 cents. 
Royal Incubator Co., Drawer 2 1 3, Dos Moines, la. 



Famous Invincible Hatchers 

From $ 4u" 



mm Hot Air* or 

The safe way to buy an In- IH ■* , ... , 
cubator is on a Real Free Jf not Water 
Trial. Invincible Hatchers are pold that way and" 
results guaranteed. Brooders, Poultry Houses and 
supplies all at very low prices. 224-page book Free. 

Write to-day. The United Factories Co., Dept. X21 , Cleveland 



100% 



Hatches Every 
Fertile Egg 



100% 



The GLOBE Incuhntor does this all 
the time— has dune it for 16 years — 
and hutches stmutr, healthy chicks 

— chicks that li*e and grow. Our (ilohe lo- 
cul»at r Book with beautiful color plates 
tells yon how to make more money out ot 
poultry. Sent for 4c in stamps. Write today. 
C.C. S110KJ1AKEK, Kox 848, Fret-port, III. 





WE WANT HAY 

Our aggressive sales methods can take 
care of all shipments, no matter how 
large. We are constantly in touch with 
the largest consumers and dealers and 
can always obtain the top prices. We 
guarantee fair treatment to every con- 
signor and make liberal advances. 

Dan.pl McCaffrey's4SonsCo.| 

Leading Hay & Pittsburg, Pa. 

Oram Dealers, lC*-r — Duquesne Hat*] 
Hank. Wafthlnelnn \ .-, r i Hank 



WANTED 

JVo. 1, or Good No. 2 Timothy and T-J A y 
No. 1 Light Clover Mixed • M.M.n. 1 
Also Want Oat Strata. CARLOADS. ADDRESS 

SAMUEL WALTON, 



No. 8 Wood Street. 



Pittsburg, Pa. 



K.-lrrences: Mr 



mile Airenrli H. Flrmrt. 1 >|,o»ll Nat. Baul. 



MUSIC 
BY MAIL 
ATHOME 



STUDY PIANO, CRCAN or VIOLIN 

by our improved Illustrated 
Home Method. Course in- 
citadel 25 Lessons, Charts 
I Diagrams, ... well >. ALL 
Ml^If. Adapted to beginners 
is well a» more advanced pupils. 
Write today for sample lesson, 
ent free on receipt of 4 cents 
tamps to cover postage. 
CUCKERT SCHOOL OF MUSIC, 
17 Spitz. r, Tol.do, Ohio. 



We Always 
Pay 



TOP PRICES FOR EGGS 

W. want nothing but fresh, select stock. Mnst be direct 
from first hands. Hucksters* and collector*' shipments n..t 
solicited. We supply you with shipping cases. Write u> 
for prices. We pay all charges. 

Kl.mX BITTKK to., 421 Woodland .tie., CLKTKLiSD, OHIO 



Agricultural Meetings at Columbus. — 
The annual meeting of the State Farm- 
ers' Institute will be held at Columbus. 
Jan. 14 and 15. 1908. A very good program 
has been arranged, and every farmer who 
is interested in progressive agriculture 
should arrange to attend. The annual j 
meeting of the Ohio State Board of Ag- 
riculture will be held Jan. 16. at same 
place. Other meetings held during the 
week are: State Fair Managers. State | 
House. 10 A. M.. Jan. 13. American De- I 
laine-Merino Record Association. South- 
ern Hotel. 7 P. M.. Jan. 13. Ohio Swine 
Breeders' Association. Star Hotel, 8 P.M.. 
Jan. 14. Boards of Health and Commerce 
Boards for discussion of promotion of san- 
itary reforms and legislation. Board of 
Trade Auditorium. 7:30 P. M.. Jan. 14. 
Ohio Plant Breeders' Association. Town- 



LET US HANDLE 

Your Poultry, Rabbits. Egos, Fruit and Vege- 
tables. Sai'clfc sales and prompt returns. 
Advise what you have. 

MYERS, WEIL & CO., CLEVELAND, OHIO 

■ TTpilT|ft|J— Sllll l'h:i:s „f rami Prod. 
M I I 1.11 I lUll nets Correspond with The 
IRON CITY PRODUCE CO., abont the handling of 
yonr Fruits, Poultry, Produce, etc. 
623 Liberty Street, Pittsburg, Penna. 

A cents $10! SO per mo. selling 
these wonderful Scisaors, V. C. 
Giebner,Colunibus.O.,sold 22 pr.in 
3 hrs.,made$I3; yon can do it;we CUTS 1DTJt£ END" 
show Fre. odUU.O. Thomas Mig Co. lioFSt, Da yton.O. 

ACRES-2 miles from Medina. Ohio. Fine 
11-room house, tenant house, 2 bank 
barns, 3 silos, orchard, 10 acres timber. 
Fertile, level land. AInst be sold to close 
»;i '-tav YKA'.KU RKA1.TY l l, , Mf.imt. Oh:.. 

40 Choice Shorthorn ffi 

er. Cumberland. O. (Farm 1 mile w. of Cumberland.'* 




160 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



P01LTRYan»BEES1 



FEEDING THE HENS IN WINTER. I 



STARTING AND FEEDING A PURE- 
BRED FLOCK. 



B. F. J., of Richmond, Mo., says that 
he has always kept mongrel chickens, 
that they have never seemed to pay 
for the work with them, that he in- 
tends to sell all the chickens he has 
and begin again with 18 pure-bred 
hens. He wants to know how to feed 
them and care for them for best re- 
sults. He has fed bran, but finds that 
it scours the hens too much; and he 
has tried corn, oats and middlings. 

B. F. J. is wholly right in disposing 
of his mongrels and adopting the pure- 
bred fowl in its place. Why will farm- 
ers persist in mixing breeds? I must 
confess that it is a custom that strikes 
me as being extremely unwise both 
from a utility and a beauty point of 
view. As I go around and see the non- 
descript flocks that most farmers keep 
I marvel that they can tolerate them 
at all. All sizes, colors, forms thrown 
together without plan or purpose. They 
are an eyesore to any farm. And no 




A LIGHT BRAHMA TYPE. 

more erroneous idea ever got into any 
one's head than that such nondescript 
fowls are more profitable than pure- 
bred ones. Any such flock deterior- 
ates in size, and never can at any 
stage equal in productiveness a flock 
of intelligently-bred, standard chick- 
ens. 

I can not see how B. F. J. can find 
any advantage in feeding bran and 
middlings over feeding the whole 
wheat, providing he can easily get the 
wheat. The cost here would not be 
very much above that of bran and mid- 
dlings. If he must use the mill feed 
to balance the ration, owing to the dif- 
ficulty in getting wheat, I should ad- 
vise him to cook it. In this way it will 
not produce looseness of bowels in the 
fowls, and it will be even more readi- 
ly eaten. 

Corn, oats, and wheat in about equal 
amounts make an ideal grain ration 
for fowls. They are the most com- 
mon of grains in the United States, and 
no others can equal them for poultry. 
In the wittier the hens should be com- 
pelled to scratch for their grain in 
straw or other litter of some sort. It 
keeps them active, promotes digestion 
and thriftiness, and it is the thrifty 
hen that lays. Small potatoes that are 
rejected for table use, cabbage leaves, 
beets, and turnips are fine for laying 
hens in the winter. Clover hay c ut 
fine and stoamed is an inexpensive 
diet, and goes far toward replacing 
the summer feed of the hen. 

Beef scraps can be had at $2.75 per 
hundred pounds, and I believe that it 
is a good investment to feed some of 
these sorajs during the winter months 
1o take the place of the bugs and 
worms the laying hens get in the sum- 
mer. 

One must learn to feed laying hens 
wisely; not too much, but enough; to 
vary the ration so au to keep the appe- 
tite keen; to observe the laws of clean- 
liness and sanitation about the hen 
houses and runs; to avoid crowding: 
and to know the habits and needs of 
the fowls he is handling. All ibis 
means intelligent observation and 
painstaking care. — Geo. D. Black. 
Greene Co., O. 



Southern Ohio Poultry Asso*n. — The 
annual show will be held at Athens. 
O.. Jan. 24-28. 1908. E. T. Dailey. SupV. 
!W. C. Hoodlet, Sec'y. Athens. O. 



It is always the careful poultry 
feeder and not the generous, slip-shod 
fellow thai gets the profit from his 
hens during the winter season. We 
have met many people who have com- 
plained that they took the best of care 
of their hens and fed them' plenty, but 
were getting no eggs. In nearly every 
case we have traced this trouble to 
the owner's care in giving too gener- 
ous rations to his hens, and not feed- 
ing it in such a manner that the lay- 
ers get the proper amount of exercise 
in getting their daily ration. 

The secret in getting winter eggs is 
to start the flock of hens in during 
early autumn in a healthy and thrifty 
condition, not poorly clad and scrawny, 
neither over-fatted and heavily feath- 
ered, so much so as to cause them to 
become sluggish. Get them into condi- 
tion and start them to laying during 
the autumn and then provide them 
roomy and pleasant quarters for the 
cold, frosty mornings and snowy. win- 
try weather, aiming to keep them lay- 
ing after once started and that flock of 
hens will come out at the end of win- 
ter having a profitable credit to their 
account. 

We have always held that it is not 
the generous feeder that gets the prof- 
it, but the careful feeder that dispens- 
es each day just the proper amount of 
feed in variety to his hens that reaps 
the benefit from winter eggs. It is 
much easier upon the farm, where feed 
is plentiful, to overfeed the laying 
hens than to underfeed them. 

The hen is a great scavenger and 
every day that is open in winter when 
she may be allowed the freedom of 
range she will be found out along the 
sunny side of the hedge or fence row 
busily gleaning small quantities of 
food of various kinds and as she comes 
in to roost she has had a quite suffi- 
cient ration, if supplanted by a few 
grains of corn, as much of oats or 
wheat grains, and a slight sprinkling 
of scraps, and is receiving a proper 
ration to produce eggs plentifully. 

There are days in the winter, how- 
ever, when she can not be out in this 
manner and hunt her ration, and in- 
deed there are many days when she 
should not be outside of the house at 
all, and for these days we must make 
provision. In our house we find a nice, 
dry floor generously strewn with 
coarsely-littered straw and chaff. 
Among this chaff has been strewn in 
the morning a generous ration of corn, 
wheat and oats, and each hen is sing 
ing and cackling, and digging to her 
delight, working hard to find her 
morning ration. Over she goes to the 
self-feeder and picks out to her satis- 
faction a few shells, some charcoal grit 
or washed gravel from the creek, then 
she goes to the water troughs and gets 
a drink of tepid water, and back she 
goes again to her work in the straw 
litter. 

At noon we find her in the dust-box- 
es, in the open sunshine, taking her 
dust bath in the ashes and cinders and 
finely pulverized dust, fumigated with 
coal-oil and disinfectant. Will we find 
that hen upon the nest in the dead win- 
ter days, filling the egg basket? Yes. 
Will we find her neighbor upon the 
nest after she has been obliged to 
trample over the ice and snow across 
to the feed lot for her breakfast and 
get her thirst quenched from the 
dripping icicles upon the sunny side 
of the barn roof, or eat from the drift- 
ed snows sufficient quantity to quench 
her thirst? No. 

The time is rapidly approaching 
when better poultry houses will adorn 
the farm-yards in keeping with other 
farm buildings, and poultry will be 
given more care and judgment in feed- 
ing; but the careful feeder must study 
the wants of hi-, fowls, consider the 
feeds which he has at hand for their 
disposal and then incorporate them 
into a system that will keep his fowls 
fed and nurtured properly. A good, 
comfortable poultry house. well 
equipped with simple supplies ami 
guarded over properly by a careful 
keeper will go farther in solving the 
mystery of winter eggs than any staid 
methods of feeding extant. 

Always bear in mind that there is 
just a proper ration for the laying hen. 
and that it may be made up from the 
ingredients grown upon any farm 
where mixed farming is followed, and 
that it is much easier to overfeed from 




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Mr. "R_eader of The Ohio Farmer: 
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INCUBATORS and BROODERS 

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Hatch Chickens by 
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F Send for free | 
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Green cut bone doublesect? yiel l. More fertila 
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|JII|||IC LATEST MODEL 
ITIrinin W BONE CUTTER 
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51 CHICKS FROM 50 EGGS 

AT LEAST FOUR TIMES From Ou 
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es< ful ezperien e. BIG FREE BOOK 
explains how to start, gives prices and 
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BUCKEYE INCUBATOR CO., Box 27, Springfield. O. 

TVfaple Grove Poultry Kami haa W. W. Hawk ins' drain, Col* 
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W. Leph.. Wyckoff s laying strain. Good breeders at $1 and $1 
I each, trios, $ < and (6.Exblbrttao birds at reasonal.1'- BrlCM 
Circulars free. M. KAK1. FORREST. Prop., R t, Rutland Ohio 

STMSf \a D I Rarlc Hu " °rpb.|rl**aa A Wh\U <■..,• 
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Matu.Pekln Ducks, Toulouse Geese. Mam Bronze 
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TTRKKTS— M B . W H. Nsrrae ant-en and Bourbon Red, 
■■•S C. Blk Min ca,. S.C R.I. Red,. Kb., and Silser Wjan. Bt. 
Orp'g'n,, B. P Si Wh R<>ck». Toulon,, reese and Pekin duck,. 
Stock and price, correct. W. R. CARLE, R. 1. Jacobtbur*. U. 

Knoll Poultry Farm. Box 40. H 3. Albany. O. 
M. B. Turkeys. Pekiu Ducks. W. and Buff 
i: s A R. C. B. Leghorns and B. (*. B. Minorca*. 
Ferrets, S. Collies, B. Hares. Sold on approval. 

Dueeoll',- S.C.Br *Wh Lagtaorm blk Minorca. Barred 

nUaSCll S Kocka.R.C R I I 
i Collies. Extra fine; farm raised- Prue . inner*. Fine cataltf 
I free. T B. RUSSELL, R I. WAa'LMAN, DUO. 

Ofifi Select breeder, in R * S C Br Le,U Bd « b t P( 
Ovlf i. B .v - i Had ckli PakiDdrakH ln-aii* 

vigorous, fanuaraised, prolific huttlcr*. Trap-ne*t bred fiotn 
be,t f'nd'n slock. Bargains $1 up. InicBtiralethi, BIT bur 
Stave nanls. Cir free. W. 1. CRAWFORD. R t Frajeysbur | n 

Cockerels For Sale. l^r^T l'J, 

W ■arob.it.-.. BnffLetjrhnmsA While Faced HI ark NpaaLh. (ala- 

j logae Free. ». R. Basil •> a BOli "■ ,< I. n I tomiah. oiiio 

' Famous Rhode I. Reds 

(Both comb*) from heavy-la* in*; strain. Circular 
free. K. L. OBK.K. Box White A»h. I'enna. 

D. r »arl Rnnl/c - A ""' r 

Ca 1 1 cm nu lefts pc.ik. hens and pnlleti 

erate price*. L. W. Clelland.R. S.Falrmount, W.V* 

« Jk, \f I Sen ! loe ,n sill 

OM T ■ ' BLETT'S POULTRY 

— — POINTERS, Farwell, Michigan. 



•kls . tJ.XS 
i. ('has. A. I 



»ely ror twenty-two year*, 
and $1. SO each. A few pul- 
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tolh Br->nr, Turkevs— Fed for breeder*, bens and torn, 
■ rred Plvnuxilb Rock and While Wyandotte cockerels 
iiM TH I.RTON NCRslRILS. Box 2 T»e;i..n I'l.f 



X2ara*ain* in Barred A Bnff Rk*.d>Rron,c Turkey* 
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R 



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,1.11. HFIM A SON, MOrl.TRlK. Ohio. 



MACHINERY 

been m 



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V' 1" ' I' 



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new llluiltateo 



In America We hi 
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tatalocll Send for It. It I, FKFF-. 

AUSTIN MANUFACTURING CO., 
CHICAGO. 



W and Br l*«h'n« 

Illy the beat, tt each. 
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Rintrlat Sarred Rocks li-a'li rla>« «h..*r at..t 

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aasssasi 8 I Rrowai Itarretl Rnrkre 

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TJnct Toulouse (.reap. Pckindnck* Wh H I 
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ckl* for sale. E. ScfcMtW. R. 2. Rneynti, Ohio 

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yearlinc R.C 1. I Red ckl* W W ) >*tlTfl o*»ian, Ind 



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c c-ckerels. Br W and Buff Rorks I. 
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p. r rwDrara.E. i.orsuuT, ohio 

Wh. Plymouth Rocks 

1S.«0. A. H. KF.SSI.KR. Ludlow Fall*. Ohio. 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



25—25 



pampering and generousness in such 
a location than it is to starve a real 
live flock of hens. We often examine 
our flock as they go upon the perch at 
evening and if we find that they are 
getting too heavy a ration we try to 
discover in what manner they get so 
much feed, and remove the cause or 
cut down their regular ration. It is 
best , however, to keep them upon then- 
regular ration and remove the cause 
of their heavy diet, especially if it be 
of a highly carbonaceous nature, as it 
is when the corn crop is being gar- 
nered and such scatterings can be se- 
cured by them. We endeavor to start 
our hens into winter upon a fixed ra- 
tion and keep this ration regulated in 
variety as it is needed. And we have 
but little difficulty in getting our just 
proportion of eggs from the flock. — 
Geo. W. Brown, Hancock Co., O. 

POULTRY REMINISCENCES. 



own I have had good success with 
poultry. I will not say good luck; for 
there is no such thing as luck in the 
poultry business. In 1906 I operated a 
200-egg incubator and brooder, and 1 
succeeded in raising about 50^ clicks. 
I sold about half of them at the broil- 
er size for 30 cents per pound, and of 
the rest of them, which were later.the 
cockerels were sold at 75 ce ils each, 
and the pullets kept over for layers. 
For 8 years I have kept nothing but 
pure-bred Barred Rocks. I have 200 
fine birds to winter over. 

My poultry brings me in a snug 
sum every year, but it represents some 
hard work, and eternal vigilance. But 
there is a fascination about poultry 
raising that a lover of the feathered 
tribe can not resist and I suppose I 
shall keep at it.for it is for better ■or for 
worse. — Mrs. J. H. Rotsel, Williams 
Co., O. 



LOSS FROM SMALL SWARMS. 



Some people, when they write or 
talk about the poultry business, tell 
only of their successes; and I think 
that is one reason why so many rush 
into the business on a large scale, 
without any previous knowledge of 
the work, but with a sure feeling that 
they have a flower-strewn, short cut 
to sudden wealth. Of course there is 
money in poultry, and big money, too, 
if rightly managed; but like every- 
thing else it must be thoroly under- 
stood if you would make a success 
of it. 

I was raised t>n a farm and always 
took a great interest in the poultry, 
from the time I can remember, assist- 
ing with the setting of hens, and car- 
ing for them during the period of in- 
cubation, and afterward helping to 
care for the chicks, so that by the time 
I went to a home of my own, I thought 
I knew something about raising poul- 
try. I did not go into the business on 
a large scale but started in with twen- 
ty-five or thirty good fowls.mostly Wy- 
andottes. I took extra good care of 
them, and as a result I got eggs all 
during the winter when most of my 
neighbors, of greater experience, were 
getting none. The next summer I suc- 
ceeded in raising a fine lot of chicks, 
so the next year I had a good-sized 
flock to begin with, and as so many 
do, I counted my chickens before they 
were hatched. We had moved that 
spring onto a farm where the poultry 
house had been badly neglected for sev- 
eral years. It was just alive with 
mites, and then there were rats in- 
numerable, and all kinds of thieving 
vermin. Not knowing the condition the 
house was in, my chickens were placed 
in it, and in a few days I found out 
that I had a pretty big job on my 
hands if I would get rid of the mites. 

The building had a loft that was 
used for corn, but by the way the mites 
came down from there, there certain- 
ly was not much room for anything 
else. A number of my hens were be- 
ginning to get broody and as it was 
getting late and I had no other place, 
I set about twenty-five in that infest- 
ed house, thinking I could clean them 
out anyhow" Well, I did everything I 
could, but those setting hens made the 
best of mite incubators, "nd I could go 
out almost any time and find a nest 
deserted, and the eggs covered with 
mites. One day, when I had become 
desperate. I thought of sulfur and lard 
and I was happy; for I felt sure that 
no rnite, however mighty, could with- 
stand that dose. So I prepared a ves- 
sel of it and sailed out to do battle, de- 
termined to give no quarter. I had 
started in to kill and I succeeded be- 
yond my expectations. I killed every 
mite in the nests, and every chick in 
the eggs. Queer, wasn't it, that I had 
never heard that to grease an egg 
sealed up the pores of the shell and 
thus killed the chicks? Well I felt 
pretty blue over losing all those eggs 
and some of them were almost ready 
to hatch, but as soon as the grease 
wore off of the hens I set a lot' more 
and they hatched well, but the chicks 
were late and so I gave them extra 
care to hurry them along. Then when 
they were about the size Of quails the 
rats and weasles begun on them, and 
I don't think I raised twenty-five 
chickens that year; and I never worked 
harder trying to. 

We only lived on that farm two 
years and that was not long enough to 
kill my poultry enthusiasm. Since 
moving onto the farm which we now 



As the winter progresses the bee- 
keeper should occasionally examine 
his hives to ascertain if any swarms 
have died; if any die, the empty hive 
should be cleaned and brought under 
cover in a dry place to prevent depre- 
dations of mice, ants and larvae. We 
find combs saved in this way are a 
great help to new colonies the follow- 
ing season. 

Swarms that come thru winter in 
a very weak condition ought to be 
killed without the exercise of further 
sentiment. Two weak swarms that we 
left last spring failed to make any sur- 
plus honey during the summer; exam- 
ination of the supply in the brood 
chambers showed that it was of no use 
to put on supers. We meant to kill all 
weak swarms this fall, and to save the 
honey for spring feeding, but neglect- 
ed to do so. Such swarms have con- 
tinued to be a source of annoyance to 
us from the first. 

The farmer who allows his bees to 
multiply by swarming should pay no 
attention to summer swarms that come 
off late; they are an expensive catch 
if hived. We neglected to cut the queen 
cells from our hives last spring, and 
as a consequence two of our strongest 
colonies threw off large swarms right 
in the middle of the white clover sea- 
son; these swarms being so large, we 
saved them, but neither parent hive 
nor new swarm did good work for the 
rest of the season. The chances are 
that both will come thru the winter 
much weakened, if not actually dead; 
whereas, if the queen cells had been 
destroyed at the proper time, one 
strong colony would have been saved 
and at least thirty pounds more first- 
class honey would have been secured. 

The experience of all bee-keepers is 
that only large colonies pay; small col- 
onies are an annoyance and actual 
loss. We shall "clean house" with ou? 
bees next spring, and not allow weak 
colonies to annoy us. It is not the num- 
ber of stands that gives evidence of 
the profit of the apiary, but their qual- 
ity. Of our eight swarms, last season, 
four yielded a fair amount of honey, 
and the other four did not fill their 
brood chambers. A strong new swarm 
from a large colony made us thirty 
pounds of honey besides having filled 
their hive for winter supply, while 
old, weak colonies made no. return at 
all. To the farmer who has been an- 
noyed * by poor returns from his bees, 
our advice is to cut his apiary in two 
next spring by destroying all weak 
swarms; much better to have done it 
in the fall— Geo. P. Williams, Dela- 
ware Co., O. 




Let My 50 Years Success Start You 
Right for Poultry Profits — 



Whether you are an expert Poultry Raiser, or a Beginner, it will pay you, 
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l'resldent, 
The Manson Campbell 
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Hanson Campbell, Pres., The Manson Campbell Co., Ltd. 
152 Wesson Ave.. Detroit. Mich. 

Dap*. 10 Ha-istfl City) SL Paul; Portland, Ore.; NftHhvlll., Term.; JTurlBburf;, Pa. 

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i 



You or your wife fill out the Free Book Certificate and let us send book at once by 
fast mail, with full information about Making" Easy Money with the Sure Hatch. Thou- 
sands of other women everywhere spend a few minutes every day in this delightful 
money-making - occupation. 



Why not give her the op- 
portunity? One hatch pays 
for the Incubator and leaves 
a profit. The Sure Hatch 
never fails. It gets the chicks 
and they live and grow into 
dollars quickly, with little 
care. The Sure Hatch regu- 
lates itself and runs itself. 
Hatches eggs better, quicker, 
cheaper than hens or other incubators. Guar- 
anteed 5 years. We pay freight. Send Free Book 
Certificate today or write a postal for the book. 

SURE HATCH INCUBATOR CO. 
Box 21, Fremont, Neb., or 

Dept. 21, Indianapolis, Ind. 




Free Book Certificate 

SURE HATCH INCUBATOR CO., 

Box 21, Fremont, Neb., or Dept. 21, Indian- 
apolis, Ind. 

Please send Free Book Telling How to 
Make Money with the Sure Hatch. 





** Every wire- 

both strand and stay— No. 9 gauge. *» Ki 
Thickly galvanized. Best grade steel. We mail free sample 
forinspection and test. A more substantial, stock-resist- 
ing, time-defying feDce was never stapled to posts. We 
Pay freight on 40 rods. Write for book showing 133 styles. 
The BROWS FEJfCK & WIRE CO.. Cleveland, O. 



I 



l5 To 35cr s 

PER ROD 
DELIVERED 




JON ES " FENCES & GATES. 



In use 2i years and still giving satisfaction. Here's the reason; Bier, 
strong, coiled spring wires. heavy stay 8, good locks ; all well gal vnntzed. 

EASY TO PUT UP. NEED NO REPAIRS. 

Our Catalog No. 1 shows the style you want and will be mailed free. 

The INTERNATIONAL FENCE Co., 631 Buttles Ave., COLUMBUS, 0. 

AGENTS WANTED IN EVERY COUNTY. 




Big Wires 

is a money saver, it outlasts the 
little wire fence. 

Empire 



Gel "" , I WAN POST AUGER 



fence is all bit; wires an dall steel. 

See the weave — how 
Itadjustsfor weather 
changes. Can't slip, 
can't hreak, stands up straight 
In heat and cold. Longest lived 
fence made. Factory prices direct 
to you. Get free samples. 

Bond Steel Post Company, 

Adrian, Mich. 





The little art of preparing common 
foods in a variety of different ways has 
made many a woman famous as a cook, 
and a reputation for tasty cooking comes 
doubly easy to the woman who possesses 
an Enterprise Meat and Food Chopper. 
By its use, meats of all kinds, fish, vege- 
tables, and practically every kind of food 
can be easily and quickly chopped and 
made into a great variety of the most 
toothsome dishes. Even the common po- 
tato can be prepared in many different 
and delicious ways that most women nev- 
er heard of. Send to Enterprise Mfg. Co., 
206 Dauphin St.. Philadelphia, for a free 
copy of their new cook book. "T^he En- 
terprising Housekeeper." The regular 
price is 25 cents, and well worth it, but 
any reader can secure a copy free on re- 
quest. Besides hundreds of new and unus- 
ual recipes, it contains a great deal of 
valuable information and helpful kitchen 
suggestions. 



Until FEB. 1, 1908 

We will present absohit" 
ely free with every order 
for Weston's Patent rial- 
van i/vi Gate attachment! 

j at $2.50, a full paid year's 

1 subscription to either 

The Ohio Farmer or The Michigan Farmer. 

| With these attachments you can make the best swing and 
slide gate ever Uied. Will not bind or sag. indorsed by hun- 
dreds of farmers and railroads. We guarantee satisfaction or 

| money refunded. Write for our free catalog and full inform- 
ation of our special offer. We refer you to the publisher of 
this paper as to our reliability. 

[ WESTON GATE CO., 65 Hall Avenue. NORTH DOVER, OHIO. 



G0IL SPRING FENCE 

Made of high carbon Steel Wire 
Horse-high, Bull-strong, Chicle- 
en-tight. Sold direct to the 
Farmer at lowest manufac- 
turers prices on 30 Days Free 
Trial, freight prepaid. 100 page 
Catalogue and price-list free. 

KITSELMAN BROS., 
Box 277 MUNCIE, IND. 





A. S. Chase. Woodcrest Farm. Rifton. 
N. Y.. writes: Ship 25 Warriner stan- 
chions. Ones purchased year ago are very 
satisfactory. 




FENCE V,Z%^ 

Madeof High Carbon Double Strength 
Colled Wire. Heavily Calvanlxed to 
prevent rust. Have no agents, .^cll at 
factory prices on 30 days' free trial. 
We pay all freight. U height* of farm 
d poultry ft-iice. Catalog Free. 
COILED SPRING FENCE CO. 
Box 23 Winchester, Indisna 



29c 



WIRE FENCE' 

48'laeh stoek ffocc 

per rod only 
Best hirh carbon, coiled steel 
, spring * ire. Catalog of fences, 
tools and supplies KiiLE, Buy 
ect at w holesale. Write 
! today. 

, ■ MASON FENCE CO., 
Box 64, Leesburg, Ohio 



DON'T RUST FENCE 



nlvanized so heavily can't 
ist. 40 Carbon Spring Steel 
o agents. 30 days' free 
■ial. Farm and Poultry 
ence Catalog No. 57. 40 
Styles Lawn Fence. Cata- 
log C. One or both free, 
me W \kd PENCE < <>• 
Box 885. Decatur. Ind. 



LEASE say "SAW IT IN OHIO FARMER" 
when writing to our advertisers. 



26-26 



THE OHIO 



FARMER. 



Jax. 4, 1908. 



j GRANGE 



MAINE STATE GRANGE MEETING. 



The 34th annual session of the 
Maine State Grange was held at Lew- 
iston, Dec. 17-19, with an attendance of 
between 500 and 600. Nearly 500 took~ 
the sixth degree. 

State Lecturer W. J. Thompson, in 
his annual report, said: The custom 
of inviting other granges to attend 
some special program, or of requiring 
them to assist or furnish the program, 
can not be recommended too highly. 
Quality of work is of more importance 
than quantity. He urged: Printed pro- 
grams; special meetings for special 
subjects; kindred subjects for the same 
meeting; essays or papers to lead dis- 
cussions; the entertaining feature 
secondary to instructive; inviting oth- 
er granges to assist; a live, active 
philanthropic, wise lecturer for each 
grange, who can divide the work and 
assign to each member some work that 
he or she can do. 

We have in Maine.as shown by Sept. 
30 reports, 54,486 Patrons, a gain of 
1,581 over last year. Sixty-seven 
granges have a membership exceeding 
200, ten more than in 1906. Twelve new 
granges have been organized or reor- 
ganized since last year. The receipts 
at the secretary's office for the fiscal 
year have been $11,274.35. 

R. D. Leavitt., chairman of the exec- 
utive committee, in his report, spoke 
in highest terms of the work in Maine 
of Hon. F. A. Derthick, master of the 
State Grange of Ohio, and of the en- 
thusiasm aroused at the field meet- 
ings where he was a most interesting 
and instructive speaker. Mr. Leavitt 
suggested that if the meetings of the 
subordinate granges could be distribu- 
ted over the whole week instead of 
having so many Saturday sessions, the 
expense of state officials desiring to 
attend them would be greatly de- 
creased. 

There is at Hinckley, Somerset Co., 
a home for children in charge of Rev. 
G. W. Hinckley, who started it espe- 
cially for boys. Fourteen years ago, 
the State Grange became interested, 
and after $1,000 had been raised, the 
State Grange contributed another 
thousand, and a cottage was built. 
Here 15 little girls are cared for, edu- 
cated and taught to work. We hope 
to send them out into the world, and 
hundreds of others, with strong char- 
acters, love of God and humanity, and 
filled with the noblest, purest and best 
impulses of life. The Grange contrib- 
utes to their support. Columbus Hay- 
ford, of the executive committee, in 
his annual report of this feature, ac- 
knowledged the gifts of the different 
Pomonas and other granges. 

The report on a scholarship fund for 
higher education announced that about 
$1,500 have been received, and that the 
interest is steadily progressing. A 
contribution of six cents from every 
member of the Grange in the state 
would complete this fund. 

M. L. Merrill, chairman of the leg- 
islative committee, has been appoint- 
ed by the governor as a member of 
the tax commission to recommend some 
system of equitable taxation to the 
next legislature. This is a fitting trib- 
ute to the Grange and to Mr. Merriirs 
ability. In his report on legislation, 
Mr. Merrill, said: 

A few of tbe things that the Grange 
in Maine has stood for and been en- 
tirely instrumental in bringing about 
are: A more equal assessment of tax- 
es by the creation of a board of as- 
sessors: a tax on collateral inherit- 
ances: laws guaranteeing the percent- 
ages of purity of feeding stuffs and 
seeds; provision for better roads: in- 
crease of the tax on corporations: ru- 
ral telephone service; largpr and bet- 
ter rural schools: more liberty to the 
people thru the initiative and referen- 
dum. 

Negatively Maine Grange has pre- 
vented the passage of many acts that 
would have been harmful. One instance 
i< prevention of removal of the state 
capital. We did not deem that there 
was any well grounded reason for it, 
and we felt that the hundreds of thou- 
sands of dollars to be thrown away at 
the present site, and the millions of 
dollars that the new capitol building 
Would cost could be used to better pur- 
poses. 



Mortimer Whitehead of New Jersey, ' 
past lecturer of the National Grange, 
was an honored guest. His stirring 
speech Tuesday morning set forth the 
things that the Grange has done and 
intends to do. His address, Tuesday 
evening, upon the unwritten work, 
brought new inspiration to every Pa- 
tron present because of the enthusiasm 
of this earnest worker. George H. 
Hampton of New York gave a talk on 
denatured alcohol, and exhibited a 
large line of appliances for using this 
fluid. Prof. Hitchings, state entomolo- 
gist, had a display of injurious insects, 
and gave much useful information 
about them. 

The election resuJ'ed as follows: C. 
S. Stetson, Greene, master; Boyden 
Bearce, East EJdington, overseer; W. 
J. Thompson, So. China, lecturer; Dan- 
iel Hall, Eden, steward; E. C. Patten, 
Topsham, assistant steward; Rev. J. H. 
Little, So. Paris, chaplain; E. H. Lib- 
by, Auburn, secretary; E. E. Additon, 
Greene, treasurer; S. K. Cushman, 
Steuben, gatekeeper; Mrs. W.J.Thomp- 
son, Ceres; Mrs. C. S. Stetson, Flora; 
Mrs. Boyden Bearce, Pomona; Mrs. E. 
C. Patton, lady assistant; Columbus 
Hayford, Presque Isle; Edward Evans, 
Belfast, members of the executive com- 
mittee. 

Worthy Master Stetson, Mr. Gard- 
ner's successor, is a native of Greene-, 
and was born 53 years ago. He has 
been an active member of Androscog^ 
gin Grange at Greene for 14 years, and 
is now treasurer of the Androscoggin 
Grange Insurance Co., the largest 
Grange insurance company in the 
state. He has held every office in the 
gift of Androscoggin Grange, and is 
now, and has been for nine years, state 
deputy under Master Gardner. 

Installation was held Thursday 
morning, the work being performed 
by Mrs. O. Gardner, in a most impres- 
sive manner. Past-Master Gardner as- 
sured Mr. Stetson of his hearty sup- 
port and co-operation. Round after 
round of applause greeted them as 
they stood there with clasped hands. 
As Mrs. Gardner conducted Mrs. Stet- 
son to the station of Flora, the Grange 
rose, and at the close of the installa- 
tion Worthy Master Stetson called for 
the white salute in appreciation of the 
work. Many were the tributes to the 
splendid work and ability of Past-Mas- 
ter Gardner. Words from the Atlantic 
to the Pacific indicated his honorable 
standing in the Grange at large. An 
oak cabinet pf solid silver cutlery was 
presented to Mr. and Mrs. Gardner.Mr. ! 
Stetson making the presentation 
speech; a fitting response was given 
by the recipients. Mr. Gardner will be 
chairman of the legislative committee. 

Mr. O. B. Griffin said, in his report, 
that while co-operation in buying has 
established stores that are success- 
fully conducted, and has built at Cari- 
bou the best Grange hall in the world, 
the matter has been seized at the ' 
wrong end, for co-operation should be- 
gin with selling farm products. He 
referred to a move begun in this direc- 
tion by the Pomona granges of the 
state. 

General state supervision of high- 
ways, and governmental inspection and 
regulation of telephone companies, 
were recommended; also an increase 
of half a cent per poun.l for sweet corn 
owing to increased cost of production, 
to effect which a committee to confer 
with the packers was a.lvised; also an 
educational campaign to promote for- 
est preservation. In orr"er to help the 
enforcement of the prohibitory liquor 
law, the Grange recommends amend- 
ment of the interstate commerce law 
so as to prevent transportation com- 
panies from shipping into any state ar- 
ticles which are contraband therein. — 
M. B. Aiken. 




yT 0 B b°u r y INVESTIGATE 

The "Full-length" Stave 

The Indiana Silo 

A Guaranteed Silc 

"Quality of material and con* 
Struction — the very best. 

SSVE MONEY 

Write at once for our 

Special Otfer to 
Early Buyers. 
Catalog and a copy of ,l 77ie 
Silo Advocate-' FREE. 

INDIANA SILO CO. 
364 Union Blcig. Anderaot, lo4> 



LARGE, healthy, wellwooled Shropshire ewe» 
for sale, rieht ate, rit-lit kind, bred to extra 
good rams. Also e-.w- and ram lnmi>8. Inspection 
iu-vittfd. C. LEMEH, II A M BU KG. MICHIGAN. 

TTor Sale— 35 Ito*. Southdown & Mirnp rams &ram 
lambs: AUo a few Oxford and Southdown eives. 
W. L. PORTER & SON, Aiwuter, Portage Co., O. 

Prtf ^fllP - ■ Merino 

• *-M "O'v ewes 2 to 5 yea] old, bred to 
lamb in March bv a noted sire. 40 ram* for next 
year's trade. CI.OVKR HILL STOi'K A- I'Ofl TIIV 
FARM, J. II. fiATKS, Prop.. Beallsville, Ohio. 

Uejr'd Delaine Ewes and Ram*. M, is. 
Turkeys, S C. Brown Leghorn*. 

, II I . SHAM II A HI', tjuaker in n .. 

WATCH FOR OUR 

PUBLIC MARCH SALE! 

or 600 registered and grade DEI.AINICS, Write for 

pari 1 i -u I .1 - .1 . ' ' 'I'! Ill I ,-\ S A M IN. Unr' "11- Ohio. 

SHROPSHIRES 



'I' B. BENNINGTON 



rafton. Ohio. 



McKeefrey Farm Jerseys 

and BERKSHIRES 

HI'in.CLASs STOCK AT LOW PRICES. 
McKKEFREY KAliM. LSi/l OKIA. Ohio 

ICPQ E" V C-Repistered Stock and" 
vlCrtOC T O HIGH PR DUCEKS. 

YORKSHIRES 

JC. K. STKVKNS, R. 3. Madison. Lake Co., Ohio. 

The Village Farm Jerseys 

A fine bull calf for sale, dropped November 9. 
Solid color. Eligible to registry. 

W. II. PRICE. WOODV1 LLP.. OHIO. 

JERSEY CATTLE-BERKSHIRE HOGS 

UIIOIII. Isl.tM) KI.DS. 

R. F. SHANNON. 90" Liberty St., Pittsburg. Pa 

Torc^TrC - Registered c ows, HE I KERS and 
UCIBC^S BTrLl. CALVES at reasonable 
prices. W. J. HUSSKT-. Sit. Pleasant. Ohio. 

I>rond Meadow Stock Farm— A number of young 
> Jersey Bulls and Chester-White hogs. If you 
want one, say so. F. P. DILL, Westerville, Ohio. 

SHORTHORNS 



A 2 to 3 Mos.Old Pig, Express Paid, 

in exchange for a few days of your spare time. 
You invest no money. Send for particulars at once. Address 
I'ENNA. BERKSHIRE CO., r auuettsbui g. Puma. 

BfifkshiffiS " r "" r t ' ,, " i<:e "Service boars, ynanc 
" ln " J >6wj bred; some Choice Aug boar 
pigs; line breeding. ORMEL C' *LE, Findlay.Ohiu. 

I irst priso at Ohio State Fair won by my large 
English Berkshire boar. Have other 8001b and 
iiiiported boars.&o Berk, sows, hours&pig* for sale 
.'.THUK C. ADAMS. U'este rville. Ohia 

I ;ri/e-wiiiniii}r lierkouices— ISO head to select 

* from. Write your wants, we can please you. 

LTZLER A MOSES. CONVOY. OHIO. 

Rprlf^hi rp«" Pigs. * t.i 10 weeks old. *6 each. 
L»ct asilll C3 B red t0 ws. serv.boars. All pedi- 
greed. Write us. Then. Burt & Sou. Melrose. Ohio 

T argc English Berkshiies— Service boars, gilts. 
Jj bred for April farrow. Will price right. Good 
pedigree. LINCOLN BAKElC, Plain City, Ohio. 

Rprlf<hsTBC — ' I*'* 1 " f either s»x, some 

wci naiiu Co sir( ., t ,, v thl( . |on (if p ren ,i er j,. nK . 

f'w.S.C.BIk. Mln. ckle. 11 . It. Hauler. Blue Rock O. 

Larj;e Eng. Herksliires -15 Shale* s<iws. bred to importec 
boar; 15 Choice Sow pigs: lOfaoarlfga, all first-class 

— cheap. H P. B A U G 11 M A J. , « adswortk. Ohio 

I turgedttsrsr las h lOFsrkalrt r«i — Boars ready for 

* J service. Sows bred to order. Fall pigs not 
a Kin THOS. E. EBERSOI.E. Carrollton, Ohio. 

T^nglish Berkshire Swine— Ueg. Extra good stock. 
*-i Satisf'n guar. M B. Turkeys, br'd'g turns, an, 
4" lbs., hens. 30 lbs. 11. B. Vanghan. Ona. W. Va. 

Berkshlres ' CHlAP. 

C. W. HEIM. R. -1. MOrj.THIE. OHIO. 

Poland-Chinas— Breeding 40 Y'lings 

and gilts for spring farrow to two boars of Peter 
Mouw's breeding. Their Bires weighed overlOOO lbs. 
63 fall pigs from same boars. 6 extra g> od Berries 

boars. B.P R.ckls. L. B. 'IAR-KER R. 3. Xeuia.O. 

»< "I. A Ml ( H I IN A HOAKK 

ready for service. Sows and pigs 
Jof all ages. One good yearling fihrop- 

'shire ram. Barred Plymouth 

Rock chickens. H. A. YOST. Camden, Ohio. 

REGISTERED P0LAND-CHINAS-4O 

SOWS l-red for §r»r. farrow: SERVICE BOARS til of >*st 

■ ■I'd & beat individuals raised in my 30 yrt.* ex perience Pi ice* 
reasonable. Farm at Ft Ancient L C. NIXON, Box O, Lebanon O. 

Poland=Chinas 

akin. Sows all ages. I Mar. boar. Good 
b'ues. Addr. Jns A. Kick, Hlbbetts.O. 

1 > .11. d -china- — Special price for 30 'days o» 

I choice service boars. bred sows. fall Pigs. Ped. 
furnished. Write wan is. U II. Liles A- Son. c<. II ins, O. 

<J/ k Choice September Poland China pigs, either 
OKI sex, for $7 00 each: eligible to registry. 

NO A. it: '■ .N. 'i I I. I |o i I . I S OH l«> 




I 



> dunil-< hiua pigs, either sex. s; ring farrowing. I 
choice fall y'r ' ><g bonrs Sow. bred at #30 each 



RAVENNA, 
OHIO. 



GOTTAGE HILL FARM, 

D. R. HANNA, Proprietor. 

26 Shorthorn Bulls at fanners' prices. Also some herd headers 

— Imp. and Canadian bred— will be sold cheap as we have out- 
grown Ttnr itahle room and they must be sold to make room for ' 
calves. For catalogs and prices addr . JOHN GAKDEN.Uavunna.O. 

^2&A ^hort horn 15uHn Ke:i<ly for Service 
$r¥r\ Sir '" 1 l ' v l >i-. ii- l»y l.«»rd M is tie* 
y^jwj&d ' •■ 1 1 in l' > ■-<■'- «'r us, both 

(jSQ|^H bre<l bv Win. Duthi*'. Col lynie, Scotland. 

l ,<rr<l M is He toe Hired by the fumoua l^oval 
Champion (74948). Norton Kenney.Cobimbus GroTe.Put.Co.O. 

T^Jl/O ? 0,in B Shorthorn balds, one a praiirtsni. 
X VV \J 0 f j m p. Bnpton Diamond, nn>l an extia 
good one. Ns, B. SANFORH. STRYKER. OHIO. 

T^or S«le— Reg. Shorthorns, good milkers: allagef. (Roans or 
r Reds ) Bulls and heifer calvei, $35 Pol. -China Sow pigs, 
$5. Pedigreed. LEfcSLR bROS., Akrun, Ohio. 

BELLE-VERNON FARM GUERNSEYS 



— vunibc inn y • ' K foaiv i> i xr ■ i ni r—^J ri{ 

' hi. i.i h. '. J - ' R ■ ' 1*1 ' ' I i o. 

Ooluud I'hinu. — Service Honrs; flilis bred: Fall 
■"■ Vie*. Meddler strain. Pries i itht. Represents- 
■ . . ■ . ■! .1 II . I'.n i i 

I >o I.4NH ell I NAS— Service b .ar*. sows bred or 
I open: fall pigs. Best of blocd. e.otinble 
prie. <. Writ* wants ¥ A. KIN.-.KY. Plh. , i,.n,t>- 

"P f BSHnfc Itoars from priie winn-r.. W. P. 
A l(. ck AS.f.W.LeKh ekl»..73c ea .2 or more 

:■' da\ - n r Mr K . I.. K. .'■ ■ | . n 

r%0 YOU WANT SIZE, BONE and Large Liners? 

Uu " Poland- Chinas 

I'ircnlar free. GKANT SI1 KBP, Atwater. Ohio. 

Poland-Chinas - 3 «~ w **» sprineMBs 

■ It hi i -ex. Satisf n enar. 
Write to W. I>. ETItlCKKK, K I, .Marv.vllle, tlhlo. 

P o 1 a n d - C h i n a s . : ■ ', ? ;, 

GEO. R. OaCBK. R. ! WillouKbbT. Ohio. 

Poland*Chinas ~ 

and April, and a few fancy fa'l boars Get my 
prices. Q. S. HAL... r ARM 1'ALE. OillO, 



_ . "T! r. j "P -P Boars Rots ,u»u. 

The Largest and Strongest Slock ol lite Breed -L . V/.,,,. , .. . J ., , n 



Head your herd with a Guernsey bull and Improve 
the color and quality of your milk. Vonnt bulls 
and calves for sale. Farmers' prices. Address 
BeUe-Ternon Farms, \Vill<>ui;lil>.\ . tMiio. 

HnT tXF ITKI ^ PorSale- 
HULivJ 1 1 1^1 <J v. ,, . prUea 
190" than any other breeder in the state. 

J. R. KOSS & SONS, R. 5. Blanchester, Ohio. 

nolstein-Friesian Bull Calves^-From 2 months 
to service aire. Only a few left. Write now. 
Prices low. Knapp & Pierce, F.ast Clarldon. Ohio. 

Registered Holsteir.s— Bull calves. 8 to IS weeks 
' old. From high fat-testing ancestors. 
FLOYD II. PEI.T ON, LA GRANGE. OHIO 

Choice Red Polls of Both Sexes 

at Bargain prices. C. A. SHCRTE. Gaysport. O. 

I'll) POLXRD Cattfaj — Cholee BULL. A: 
It HKIKKK ' AI.VES For ?a>. 
1>R. 1>. F. BAKER. 494 The Arcade, Cleveland, O 



but you can't pet InrtUr v.lue. Write today 
tor price list No. ?0. Mspleouud S.wt Farm, AllnrsD. Mich. 

Parr/ainc In ttae md Browthw POLAND- 
Udlgdllla . „, d „ r , 

W rite for pr'~ 



T. HI 



ll"S.s l»l W USJ 

1YN A I. Ii. I-.. -burg <>. 



t^ ('rucking good Roars — A string of extra choice 
— J Polntid-Chiua boars from prtze-n inning and 
other dams. 0. S. El'PI.EY. Zanesvllle, Ohio. 

Poland-China 

I'rie. - ! 

Tsmuinrth 
i diurtui in . 

blood. K. S. HAWK. Micbaulesbutg. Ohio. 

Ilolisiitl't'hlnn* — I'h. • pr. pigs. ritb. r sex Prise 
' win's.-) lg boar. Pedigree »nd pri right. BrU 

'■ ■ '■- ; • ■ ■ 

I >oli»nrl-rttl««a-SKRYl<'E BOARS, Bred Sows 
I and FaM ptirs. Meddler siiid i ht«f Perfection 
2nd bu.o.l. M.tK'oN MAl"l'It'K> 1 • Icnmont. Ohio 



TO OHIO CRANOE SECRETARIES. 

Ser'y Strode writes: Be sure to Rive 
addresses of your Rranpe officers plain- 
ly on back of December roport blank; 
otherwise you will delay publication of 
the Roster. Give name and number of 
your granfre. also the rouniy. l'oniona 
officers should be reported the first of 
the year. 



Any Boy can get a Watch 

There is no trick In earning a watch tinder our offer. All 
vou have to do Is to set- the- neighbors and ask th«»ni to sub- 
scribe for The Ohio Farmer. Lots of other boys have got- 
ten watches in this way and you can do aa well as they 

The Movement Is regular S slac. lantern pin- 
Ions. American lexer esctpement. polished spring. 



Taxation. — A moves to town and leave:) 
money, notes and certificates of deposits 
with B. in the country. In an adjoining 
county, for assessable property, to evade 
high rate of taxes. Is It lawful in Ohio? 
I. H„ Bradford. O. — Such Intangible prop- 
erty is taxable where the owner resides. 




larrel. Quick in 
ute. Short wind and run - 
winding. The Case Is nick; 
el. xtnd back, plain center tM 
Our Offer. — We will send 
free and postpaid to every 

points. Each subscription ft 



240 Lents per tnin- 
30 to 36 hours with ona 
I, open face, snap bes- 
ind. 

one of these watches 
boy that will send us 
irmer amounting to 78 
■ r one year at 76 cents. 
_1 column club list price 
counts 25 points. Each S-year Ohio Farmer sub- 
scription at 11.20 counts SO points. Each 3-year sub- 
scription counts 4" points. The subscriptions may be 
cither new or renewals, and from any postoltice. 

.\<k us for free sample copies to show the 
neighbors and you can easily get a watch In a few 
hours. Do it at once before s^me one gets ahead of 
you. Price of Watch $1.10. Watch and Ohio Farm- 
er 1 year. $1.75: 2 years. $2.05: 3 years. $2.25. 

THE OHIO FARMER. Cleveland, O. 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



27—27 



e«l SEND FOR 01 CATALOG!] 



(Conducted by W. C. Fair, V. S.) 
Advice through this department is free 
to our subscribers. Each communication 
should state history and symptoms of the 
:ase in full; also name and address of 
writer. Initials only will be published. In 
acute cases, where we believe that imme- 
diate treatment will be necessary, reply 
will be made by return mail, free. 

HORSES. 

Knee Sprung. — Gelding 9 years old, is 
shaky in both knees. One leg is more 
crooked than other. All four legs stock be- 
low knees and hocks. He stumbled last 
summer and right cannon bone has been 
swollen since but he is not lame. M. B., 
Freeport, O. — Knee sprung is usually the 
result of hard work, hard driving or her- 
editary predisposition. A removal of the 
cause is best treatment. Apply equal 
parts aqua ammonia. turpentine and 
sweet oil. or any mild, stimulating lini- 
ment to tendons every day or two. Shoe 
aim level. For stocking, bandage loose- 
ly in cotton and leave bandages on sev- 
eral hours a day or all night. Give 3 dr. 
ground gentian and 2 dr. powdered rosin 
in feed, night and morning. 

Knuckling. — Colt breaks over on both 
pastern joints. When standing the legs 
kink forward. E. H. P., Ney, O. — I be- 
lieve the trouble is in fetlock joints, due 
to weakness of ligaments. Apply cerate 
cantharides or any one of the blisters 
advertised in this paper. 

Crooked Enlarged Knee. — Filly was born 
with crooked knee. Joint is large; she 
travels lame and is getting worse. C. F. 
P.. Galena, O. — Apply 1 part tincture 
iodine and 4 parts camphorated oil to 
knee, once a day. Nature deals kindly 
with crooked limbs and I am inclined to 
believe that her knee will get nearly, if 
not perfectly straight. 

Sore Shoulders — Enlarged Glands. — 
Mare had shoulders galled on lower points 
last summer. Now when pulling it seems 
to pain her. She moves from side to side 
and occasionally backs up as tho in pain. 
Glands of her throat are also enlarged. E. 
K.. Bellevue, Mich. — Apply equal parts 
fluid extract opium, tincture arnica. ex- 
tract witch hazel and alcohol to shoul- 
ders, twice a day, and apply equal parts 
tincture iodine and camphorated oil once 
a day to enlarged glands. Also give 2 
teaspoonfuls syrup iodide iron in feed, 
twice a day. 

Surfeit. — Filly rubs herself, especially 
rump. Her skin is not sore. A. H. B., 
Cochranton, Pa. — Your Ally suffers from 
digestive disturbance similar to surfeit, 
causing a heated condition of skin. Groom 
her well, especially on back, with a good 
stiff bristle or rice root brush, and give 
a teaspoonful hypo-sulfite soda and a ta- 
llespoonful ground gentian in feed, night 
and morning. Feed enough well-salted 
bran mash or vegetables to keep the 
towels open. 

Indigestion — Sprained Hock. — Horses 
are not thriving. They are fed plenty of 
grain and good fodder, but do not lay on 
flesh. Another colt sprained hock joint, 
giving it the appearance of bog spavin. 
M. E. M., Thompson, O. — Give each horse 
% oz. fluid extract gentian. 2 dr. fluid- 
extract cinchona, 1 dr. tincture nux vom- 
ica and 2 dr. Fowler's solution in feed, 2 
or 3 times a day. If they are inclined to 
ce costive give well-salted bran mash or 
vegetables. The liquid blister that you 
have been using on colt is good. Apply 
blister to hock once every 10 days or sev- 
eral weeks. Treatment of bog spavin is 
not always satisfactory, and I suggest 
that you keep it up during the winter. 

Curb — Stocking. — Horse has curb. I 
have blistered it several times, but it 
fails to remove bunch or cure lameness. 
Another horse stocks when allowed to 
stand in stable over night. R. R.. Char- 
lotte, N. Y. — Apply 1 part red iodide mer- 
cury and 8 parts lard, every 4 or 5 days. 
For horse that stocks give 2 dr. ground 
rosin, 2 dr. ground gentian, % oz. ground 
ginger and 1 dr. sulfate iron in feed, 
twice a day. 

Foot Soreness. — Old horse appears sore 
in both fore feet. I believe that his shoul- 
ders are both sweenied. J. W. T., Homer- 
ville, O. — Your horse suffers from sub- 
acute inflammation of fore feet, perhaps 
the result of founder. Stand him in wet 
clay 2 hours daily and when convenient 
apply wet swabs to fore hoofs. Also ap- 
ply light blisters to coronet, using either 
cerate cantharides or any of the blisters 
advertised in this paper. 

Cow Does Not Come in Heat. — Indiges- 
tion. — Six-year-old cow has not come in 
heat since she dropped calf in July. 
Brood mare is out of condition and is 
losing flesh. J. A. M., Spokane. O — Your 
cow will perhaps not come in heat until 
spring. You. might try giving her 2 dr. 
powdered capsicum and 1 oz. sanmetto 
in feed, twice a day. She should be well 
fed. Your mare no doubt suffers from 
indigestion. Give % oz. powdered char- 
coal. % oz. ground ginger. 3 dr. ground 
gentian and 2 dr. powdered quassia in 
feed, 2 or 3 times a day. Groom her well 
twice daily and keep her warm and com- 
fortable. 

Shoulder Lameness — Sweeny. — Mare has 
been lame in left shoulder for past 12 
months. Muscles are quite wasted and 
liniments do no good. J. S. C. Berholz. O. 
—A chronic ailment of this kind will be 
slow in getting well. Apply light blis- 
ters, using cerate of cantharides or any 
one of the blisters advertised in this pa- 
per. 

CATTLF. 

Warts.— Cows troubled with warts on 
Udders and teats. H. T.. Brooklyn. O.— Cut' 
off all those that have recks, and apply 
acetic acid once a dav to flat onces. If 
this fails apply 1 part chromic acid and 
3 parts water. If you use the chromic 
acid apply to warts only, for it is pretty 
active. 




BIG NEW CATALOGUE FOR 1908 




PLEASE SHOW VMS CATALOGUE 
TO YOUR FRIENDS »"» NEIGHBORS 



just from the press with its great price reductions 
from beginning to end, with its many improvements, 

thousands of new low price surprises, stronger, bigger, better, more complete and far 
lower in price than ever before. Is just now being sent to our customers. We always 
follow the market conditions and the present low market on Iron, steel lumber hides, 
leather, wool, cotton and other staples are shown by marked price reductions througnout 
the Big Book which Is Just now ready to send out. Different from the regulur dealer who 
almost Invariably flcures ne must sell his goods at a profit even though they were pur- 
chased on a hliih cost market, we give you the benellt of the lowest market conditions 
at the time you place your order, and If there has been any reduction on anything In 
the market, you get the benefit and the difference In price returned to you In cash. 
With us when tho price goes down on Iron, steel, wool, leather or any commodity. 
It means a reduction In our selling prices on such goods as these commodities enter Into, 
and you get the benefit of the very lowest price, and as a result this latest new catalogue 
Just going out shows great price reductions In almost everything, stoves, furniture vehi- 
cles, sewing machines hardware, musical goods, harness, guns, sporting goods, clothing 
dry goods, tinware, plumbing, carpets, Bhoes, etc., all offered In this latest catalogue at 
prices lower than ever before, prices that represent the present low market on staple 
commodities, prices that represent the largest possible saving, wonderful low price sur- 
prises from the beginning to the end of this big new book. Hundreds of special every- 
day household articles are shown In thiB Big Book at from one-fifth to one-half the 
price at which the same goods are being sold generally. In every respect it is the most 
wonderful catalogue we have ever printed, a book you cannot afford to be without. 
RFHPHRFR it's an enormous book, one of the biggest hooks ever printed. T: 
ntmEmlfkllf arc 9x12 Inches and It contains over 1 100 pages, wonderful improve- 
ments In every department, and the only book In print today that shows the low price con- 
ditions to correspond exactly with the present low price of raw materials. Just now it's 
the most wonderful book of low market conditions that has ever been seen. 
THE Rlfi RAAIf costi a lot of money, it requires 23 cents in postage alone to 
I nc DIH DW«I\ mail it, but we furnish It to anyone free on very easy conditions. 
YOU CAN GET THE BOOK FOR NOTHINQ, and no one can afford to be without this 
book. Be sure to read further on just how to get this Big Book tree, without delay. 

WHAT WE HAVE DONE AND ARE DOING. 

WE UMVE RIEII T BID the largest mercantile business of the kind in the world, 
wWC IIMIC DUILI Mr selling more goods direct to users than all other catalogue 
houses In America combined. We own and occupy the largest buildings In the world from 

which merchandise Is sold direct to ii ,-r-i. I r a \ • rv ill I.. i:,.- v.c have grown 

until we now have a capital stock of FORTY MILLION DOLLARS, fully paid. The 
n-ounds In Chicago (nearly forty ai res) from which we do business and on which our mala 
nilldlngs are located, costing millions of dollars, we own free of one penny's Indebtedness. 
We own a vast amount of other real estate. Including many factories, plants, etc. We 
own. in their entirety, or in a large part, or control the output and product of a great num- 
ber of factories In many states. Included In which are factories manufacturing for us fur- 
niture, stoves, clothing, wearing apparel, millinery, doors, sash, blinds, guns, revolvers, 
cameras, photographic goods, buggies, paint, wall paper, shoes, books, plows, harrows, 
cultivators, plumbing, hardware, cream separators 1 harness, saddles, baby carriages. 



organs, etc. We have millions of dollars invested in these factories and all for the purpose of making tho very low prices shown in this new Big Book. 



WE ENJOY THE HIGHEST CREDITS 

permission we refer especially to the First National 
Bank and Corn Exchange National Bank of Chicago, 
to the Chase National Bank of New York, or the N.'tina- 
alShawmutBankof Boston. Dun's andBradstreet's Com- 
mercial Agencies give us the highest credit rating given 
to any concern, but more especially do we refer to the 
eight million American people who have sent orders to us 

WITH UNLIMITED CAPITAL, SJffiiSs! 

our vast manufacturing facilities and factory connec- 
tions, with capital to buy In enormous quantities, and 
thus take every advantage that capital can give, we 
are able to own our goods at a cost th.it makes it 
possible for us to astonish you with the prices shown 
in this latest Big Book. 

RIR AC WE fiSC every day we are getting 
SHU HC WE HElu., bigger, stronger, adding to 
our capital, adding to our organization, enlarging, 
adding to and bettering our facilities and factory con- 
nections, doing more for our customers, all the time 
LOWERING COSTS AND BETTERING QUALITIES, 
until today, P1GGER, HETTER, STRONGER than 
ever before, we offer In this, our very latest Big Cata- 
logue, the highest standard of qualities, the most 
astonishingly low prices and In every way the best 
service ever known. Our goods are sold under a 
binding guarantee and money back offer. 

WITH EVERY SHIPMENT, %rzg y '£'Si 

invitation to return the goods to us at our expense if 
they are not perfectly satisfactory to you for any 



cause whatsoever, you alone to be the judge, we to im- 
mediately return your money together with any freight 
or express charges you may have paid. There Is no 
safer place In the world to send your money. We won't 
allow any customer to take the slightest risk (we take 
it all), and if we don't please you and save you money 
we are anxious to return your money to you and get the 
goods back at our expense. If you ever send us an 
order for anything on which we have reduced a price, 
you Invariably get the difference back In cash; in fact, 
just now, as a result of great price reductions, we are 
refunding thousands of dollars to thousands of our cus- 
tomers daily, giving them the benetit of the lower prices 
without notice. If you have dealt with us you 
know this; if you haven't, ask your neighbor, 
for our methods are known by 'more than 
eight million people who have patronized us. 
GET OUR LATEST BIG BOOK FREE IN ONE OF 
THE FOLLOWING EASY WAYS: 

IFY0U HAVE EVERSENTUS AN ORDER 

and you haven't received a Big Catalogue from us 
within three months, then write us a postal card or a 
letter and simply say. "Send me your Big Catalogue 
free." and the latest Big Book, just from the press, with 
all the wonderful price reductions, will go to you by re- 
turn mall, postpaid, free. IF YOU HAVE NEVER SENT 
US AN ORDER, then send us 25 cents (postage stamps 
taken), and we will send you the Big Book by mail, 
postpaid, free with our compliments. We will also send 
you a certificate good for 50 cents with any order you 
may send us within a month after the receipt of the 
book, provided your order amounts to $5.00 or more. 



to get 
the Big 



THE BEST WAY IN ANY CASE 

Book free is as follows: Send us an order taken from 
any old catalogue of ours, any book you have received 
from us within ayearortwo. If you haven 'tone of our 
catalogues you can borrow one from a neighbor, and 
from any catalogue you may have or borrow please 
select some needed goods, any kind of an order 
amounting to $1.00 or more and send the order to 
us. We will nil your order, giving you the benefit of 
the very lowest prices shown In our latest book, and 
for any difference due you by reason of the rccentgrcat 
price reductions we will return the difference to you 
in cash, and when we fill your order we will pack and 
ship with the goods, sending you free with our compli- 
ments, the latest great Big Catalogue referred to you 
tills way you get the catalogue for nothing, and we have 
saved the postage expense of 23 cents. Therefore, 
whether you have ever sent us orders or not, whether 
you have one of our Big Catalogues or not. we urfse 
you to get this latest Big Book free by first sending us 
an order from some catalogue you may have or may 
borrow. We will give you the benefit of the lowest 
prices and return any balance due you In cash at 
once, and with your goods we will Include faee the big 
reduced price book referred to In this announcement. 

PLEASE ACT TODAY. 

Take advantage of one of the easy ways 
to get our wonderful new book and learn 
how much we can do for you now. Address 



SEARS, ROEBUCK CHICAGO. 



Do You 

Shave 
Yourself? 




Do not buy a razor until you have an opportunity 
of trying it. We will send the magnificent 
"Palmer" Razor to you absolutely 
FREE for 30 Days' Trial. If 
you wish to buy it at the end 
of this time— and we 
think you will 
— send us 

$1.75, pur iKpSHIHlllljii^MMSP^^" toyouatonce. If after purchasing the razor you desire 
s p e c i a ifBgQjSs^SaMs&tt^^B^^ to exchange it for another, you may do so free of charge 
price of E9^^Sk^^HB0^^^ any time within one year from the day you bought it. 

the razor. ^ Roya| s PaImeP & COmf 63 River Simf Chicago, III. 



Remem- 
ber, it will 

not cost you 
Bingle penny 
to use the razor for 
30 days, except a 2c 
stamp to return it if un- 
satisfactory. You are under 
_ _ obligations to buy it unless 
you desire to do so. Our confidence 
In its quality is such that we are will- 
ing to let it act as its own salesman. 



3onr! Ua MAnov j Qst a postal card or letter, 
denO nO money and we will send the razor 



Duroc=Jerseys! 

Boars ready for service, sows bred, pig« at wean- 
ing. C6t8 wo Id slieep — bred ewes, ewe lambs, rums 
all ages. Lincoln rams. B. P. R. cockerels. Jer- 
sey cows, heifers and bulls all ages. Shipped C.O.D. 
L. R. KU>E\\Bell phone 131. Adrian, Mich. 



Poland-China Hogs — A few good gilts and male 
pigs at reasonable prices. Brown, China. Eng, 
lisli. Toulouse geese and Huff Orpingtons for sale. 
Address C. P. Lnttrell, Luttrell, care Octa, Ohio. 



Chester- White Swine^ W^&W; 

open; pairs no akin. Easy-feeding kind with plenty 
of bone and vigor. As represented or money re- 
funded. H. L. STEWART, R. 6. Tiffin, Ohio. 

L. H. Martin-Chester- Whites 

Boars and Sows for Sale. Alexandria, Ohio 



Writo fo, sho>- Chester-Whites A » «e p s r°r sale. 

record of ou r Describe what you 

waut. Ad.lress HARDIN UttOS., Box 0-169, Lima, O. 

Imp. Chester- White Sp 0 ^. Tr!t e bredor 

E. B, SMUCKER, SMITHVli.LE, OHIO. 

,0. 1.C. Bred Gilts™' 8 



DUROC=JERSEY HOGS 

and POLLED DURHAM CATTLE 

Stock of all kinds for sale. A few cows & heifera. 
Must he sold to make room at once. Also one 
yearling bull and one bull calf. All Block re. 
curded E. F. COOVEK. Clarksbure, Rosa. Co., O. 



Duroc= Jerseys 

Fall pigs in pai: 



-Sows bred for March and 



Fall pigs in pairs or trios.no kin. Well-bred ?tock 
reasonable. J. B. FINNEY & SONS, Millersburg, O. 



O I ft SPRING PIGS 
\s.i M w. Read y t0 ship 

H. S. NELSON," 0 r lm p s o e SoT 0 



Dnrocs— A 11 ages. Sows bred : pige, either sex. not 
akin. Heavy-boned, good colors. Satlsf'n guar, 
or money-refunded. R J. Henderson, Adena, Ohio. 

TUTROC-JERSEYS— Sows bred for Spring. Fall 



pigs 



price 



Buff Rocks, choice breeding at farmers' 
GEO. W. CKIM, Chrichsville, Ohio. 



I. C. and Imp. Chester-Whites. — Registered, 
For Sale. Prize herd boar I umbo 12699. Sows, 
rv. boars, pits. I,. V. MARTIN, Newtown. Ohio. 



prfminm stock.'? m^lr 

National Road Stock Farm 



;.Sen.l for pod. 
Riclinion^. Irnl. 



CHESTER=WHITES IZ ne one 

HERD BOAR. H. A. Hoskins, Pomeroy, Ohio. 

0. I. C. Figs at a Bargain - ™-^ 

dotte cockerels, fl. E F. Mil. I. ER, Vermillion, O. 

0¥ /"» —Bred sow and gilts. 6-months 
" *■ males. Quality good. Price low. 

W. R. CARR, Newtonsville, Ohio. 

?k LWAVS mention OHIO FARMER 
when writing to our advertisers. 



TliivAp Tf>r«!PTre: a;i ages for sale. The 

yard and wins. 80 head to seleet from. Write your 
wants. E. A. WALBOKN, Van Wert, Ohio. 

Tinrnr*. Tf>r«;pv Pie — A choice l 

LfUIUC-tJ tJISey lines at »5 each. Spring 
gilts. $15. ALBERT NYE. New Washington. O. 

Dn vnn TersAT/ - ' 5 !"'" 1 -' F "" p,e * " f 

Ul Ul^-tJ CI ocjr uotn S exes. Best show stock 

blood. J. J. Zimmerman & Sou, Washington C.H..O. 

TJnrr "Form Dt'ROCS— Roars ready for 
■*■ service. Br»i sows and pilt*. 

I,. C. Mc 0 1, UK 1 . I.. Box ]t'«3. Gnlion. Ohio. 



D 



DROO .lERSF.VP— sorvi 
tills, full I'il'-. I • n 
E. E. Ml 1. I. E U 



e b .nrs. hied sows. 
rat'"*e them to please. 
Van Wort. Ohio. 




and 



material put into Studebaker vehicles, 
is made by experts and the skill and judgment used in their manufacture 
comes from over 50 years' experience. They know that 



125,000 Complete Vehicles 

old Last Year 

There's a reason why so many Studebaker wagons, 
carriages and buggies are sold every year. 

Farmers everywhere realize the superior workmanship 
They know that every Studebaker 



Point They Are the Best 



Better material — better construction — greater convenience — handsomer 
designs — more real value for the money. 

Ask the Studebaker dealer to show you the wagon shown incut. 

Studeba.ker Bros. Mfg. Co., South Bend, Indiana 

If you mention this paper and send 2c in postage, we will mail you "Studebaker" 1908 Farmer's Almanac. 




28—28 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



HOUSEHOLD 



CENTERPIECE OF JAPANESE EM- 
BROIDERY. 



This design combines roses and 
cherry blossoms and a butterfly. In 
Japanese embroidery the stitches are 
taken diagonally across the petals or 



SOME LAUNDRY HELPS. 

BY HATTIE DUNN. 

Soap should mot be rubbed on the 
flannels when washing them. Soap jel- 
ly is made by shredding one bar (or 
pound) of good laundry soap into two 
quarts of boiling water, allowing the 
water to boil, and stirring until the soap 
is dissolved. Then set away until the 
next day, when it will be a nice, stiff 
jelly. Into the water intended for wash- 
ing, and which should be as hot as the 




HANDKERCHIEF BIB. 



This dainty bib for baby is made of a 
I'ii'tty embroidered handkerchief, and It 
is simple and easy to fashion. Just double 
the kerchief so that one embroidered edge 
shows just above the other. Cut down the 



center about three inches, turn the points 
forward, turn in the edges and overcast 
them, then featherstitch near the edge 
with silk floss or san silk. This one was 
featherstitched In pale blue. Bows and 
ties of narrow pale blue ribbon finished it. 



will be necessary, and the goods will 
iron like new. 

All black, or black and white goods 
should be put to soak in salt water be- 
fore being washed, as the salt will set 
the color and prevent "running." 

For starching fine muslins and lin- 
gerie, a small quantity of gum arabic 
water added to the starch will give an 
appearance of freshness not attainable 
by any other means. It may be kept in 
readiness, prepared as follows: Over 
two ounces of white gum arabic pour 
one pint of boiling water, st'r well, cov- 
er, and let stand over night; in the 
morning pour the liquid from the dregs 
into a clean bottle and keep corked for 
use. A tablespoonful to a quart of 
starch is about right. 

For washing crocheted articles, make 
a suds of warm (not hot) water and 
a good, white soap; put in the article 
to be washed; squeeze (don't rub) un- 
til it looks perfectly clean; rinse it 
thru clean water' until all the suds is 
removed, then squeeze out, not wring, 
shake into shape, and hang out to dry. 
Shake and pull into shape as the ar- 
ticle dries. 

For silk ties, pour a little gasoline 
into a bowl large enough for the pur- 
pose, dip a clean cloth into it and rub 
the soiled places, dipping frequently; 
■when the gasoline gets dirty, get a 
fresh supply and go on with the rub- 
bing until the ties are clean, then hang 
them where the gasoline can evapor- 
ate. Delicate colors will not be in- 
jured by this way of cleaning. Gasoline 
must not be used near a fire, or in a 



leaves, but so directed that they range 
themselves toward the center of the 
flower and maintain an artistic compo- 
sition. Satin-stitch is commonly used, 
without padding, for the petals and 
leaves, with sometimes couching or 
chain-stitching for the stems. Shad- 
ing, that is blending of shades, in the 
same petal is not characteristic of 
Japanese embroidery. When these peo- 
ple wish to obtain variation in shade, 
they are apt to make one petal or part 
of the design entirely of one shade, 
grouping the different-shaded petals so 
as to make a harmonious whole. Japan- 
ese embroiderers use stationary frames 
for holding the material, thus leaving 
both hands free to work with, one on 
the upper and one on the under side 



hand will bear, put enough soap jelly 
to make it feel soft and creamy. 

In washing the little one's flannels, 
the greatest care should be taken. 
They must not be soaked in either 
hot or cold water, as either will thick- 
en the material. Wash the soiled parts 
in a little warm soapy water, then 
immerse the garment in fresh water, 
hot and soapy as before, and rub it all 
over quickly and lightly; wring care- 
fully from this water, and souse up 
and down in a clear water of the same 
temperature. Both waters should be 
as hot as the hand can bear without 
discomfort. Squeeze out with the 
hands, and put thru another hot,clear 
water, then put thru the wringer, or 
roll each article in a clean cloth and 




CENTERPIECE OF JAPANESE EMBROIDERY. 



of the material. They never take up 
portions of the material as we do in 
making stitches. This enables them to 
make their work more uniform and 
dainty. 



Paint Brush. — To keep paint brushes 
soft. Is it necessary to keep thorn in lin- 
seed oil? A. F. B.— No. They will keep 
soft In water. Hang them to small nails 
on the inside of a Wooden vessel, so that 
•hat water In the vessel will just cover 
.he bristles. Keep the water up to that 
level by adding some as fast as It sinks 
by evaporation. 



wring by twisting the ends of the roll 
until very dry. Shake out well, pull 
into shape, and dry immediately. Flan- 
nels must not freeze. 

In laundering black cotton goods, 
such as lawns, calicoes, sateens, or for 
washing colors that are doubtful, do 
not use soaps. For one dress, woman's 
size, make two quarts of smooth flour 
starch, add to it enough warm water 
to wash one dress, and wash as you 
would in soap suds. The starch will 
cleanse the goods like snap. When 
clean, rinse well in clear tepid water, 
and hang to dry. No further starching 



WINTER COURSES IN DOMESTIC 
SCIENCE NEEDED. 
From time to time I read of the win- 
ter course in agriculture at the Ohio 
Agricultural College. It certainly is a 
grand opportunity for men. But what 
troubles me is the fact that farmers' 
wives must stay at home and take 
care of the children and miss similar 
opportunities for mental and social 
feast. Now I've been wondering if some 
plan could not be devised by which the 
mothers might have the opportun- 
ity of the class room also. Some cities 
have established nurseries at the the- 
aters that the mothers may attend. Now 
why might not a similar affair be es- 
tablished near the State University, 
where the little tots under school age 
may be left during class hours? Edi- 
tors, will you not give space in your 
paper for the discussion of this sub- 
ject? I feel that I am not the only one 
who would like to "brush the cobwebs 
from the attic" in this way. — A 
Hungry Student, Auglaize Co., O. 

(We are glad to publish this letter, 
for it proposes an opportunity for Ohio 
women that has already been offered to 
the women of Illinois and Indiana by 
their state universities. And Ohio wo- 
men can have it if they ask for it hard 
enough. At the Illinois State Univer- 
sity, "Housekeepers' Conferences" 
(promoted by the Illinois Domestic 
Science Association) have been held at 
some time during the year for 
several years. These "conferen- 
ces" are really schools, brief cours- 
es, about two weeks long, at 




BAKED TROI T T. — Instructions How to 
Price, with The Ohio Farmer, one year, $ 

room where there is fire or flame of 
any kind. 

To clean coat collars, prepare a 
cleansing fluid by shredding into a 
quart of boiling water one-fourth 
pound of good laundry soap, adding a 
heaping tablespoonful of borax. When 
dissolved, stir well together. Lay the 
collar flat on a table, and dip a small 
brush in the mixture, and scour until 
clean. Then take a cloth and clear 
water, and scrub all the suds out; rub 
with a clean, dry cloth until almost 
dry, then cover with a dry cloth and 
press until dry with a hot iron. 

Knit or woven underwear should not 
be ironed; let the garments get dry, 
then fold carefully and put under press- 
ure. In hanging on the line, each gar- 
ment should be pinned and pulled into 
shape as it dries. 

For cleaning a chenille table-cover, 
make a good suds of soap and warm, 
soft water; and in this rub the cover 
lightly between the hands until clean; 
then rinse well in clear water, squeeze 
dry, and hang in the shade to dry. Be 
careful to hang perfectly straight. Do 
not iron, but when dry brush thoroly 
with a soft brush, and the cover will 
look well. 

For washing the white silk waist, 
boil until dissolved a small piece of 
white castllc soap the size of a walnut 
in a pint of soft water. Add this to a 
gallon of hot water, and when cold, 
souse the waist in the suds lightly, 
not rubbing, but pressing down, turn- 
ing about and lifting in and out of 
the water. Have another suds ready, 
and as soon as the first suds shows 
soil, squeeze the waist out and put in- 
to the clean suds, repeating the sous- 
ing. Then rinse in clear, soft water, 
squeeze dry. and rinse in another wa- 
ter in which a very few drops of blue- 
ing have been stirred. Hang in the 
shade where the wind will dry it. and 
iron under a white cloth. 



From Table Talk's Illustrated Cook Book. 
Prepare in Above-mentioned Cook Book. 
1.65; alone. $1. 

which lectures are given on household 
topics. Purdue University holds a 
"corn school" (two weeks) during the 
winter. at which instruction in house- 
hold science receives a full quota of 
time and expense. New York Agricul- 
tural College issues a "Farmers' Wives' 
Reading Course" for the farm women 
of that state. ( See page 440 of our Nov. 
30 issue for full particulars about this 
course). The nearest approach in Ohio 
to this method of education is the 
hearty co-operation and assistance of 
our Agricultural College teachers in 
the preparation of the study course for 
farm men and women provided by the 
Ohio State Grange, but one must be a 
member of The Grange to avail oneself 
of this course. We shall be glad to hear 
from others - on this subject 



Light up and cheer up! Whether winter 
evenings prove delightful and profitable 
to you and the children, or dreary and 
tiresome. depends largely upon the 
amount and the kind of light you have 
in your living rooms. One lamp on the ta- 
ble sheds Its rays but a little dis- 
tance. If you don't use a shade the light 
gO< * up toward the celling. If you do use 
a shade, the circle of light Is small — ev- 
eryone must crowd within that circle and 
the balance of the room is In gloom. It 
takes away from the pleasure of read- 
ing, makes It harder for children to 
study, or women folks to sew Light up 
with Angle Lamps, the kind that gives 
the healthful, restful and beautiful kero- 
sene light, and plenty of it. An Angle 
Lamp cost* Ian t" burn than an ordinary 
lamp, yet It gives two or three times as 
much light, and throws all the light down 
and around Instead of on the celling. It 
hungs on the wall or from the celling, 
too. out of the way. may be turned on or 
off. up or down, the same as gas. and 
never smokes, no matter how low or high 
it is turned It requires filling only once 
or twice a week, according to the use 
given it or sise used. and it doesn't smoke, 
and need seldom be cleaned. Write Angle 
Manufacturing Co.. 159 West 24th St. .New 
York City, for Catalog "G." which gives 
much good sound information on the 
lighting question in general and Angle 
Lamp in particular. To investigate and 
even to try the lamp costs nothing. 



Jax. 4, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



29—29 



OUR PATTERNS. 
Price 10 cents. Waist and skirt pat- 
terns are usually separate, therefore be 
sure to send 20 cents for a two-piece suit 
pattern which has two numbers, i. e., a 
waist number and a skirt number; if 
such a pattern has but one number, send 
only 10 cents. Order by number and title 
of pattern. If for children, give age; for 
adults, give bust measure for waists, and 
waist measure for skirts. Address orders 
to Pattern Department, The Ohio Farm- 
er, Cleveland. Ohio. Complete catalog, 
containing hundreds of the season's de- 
signs, will be sent you postpaid for 16 
cents. 

For the growing girl the suspender and 
jumper styles are still fashionable, while 
for the younger children there is nothing 
more stylish than the little one-piece box- 
plaited dresses. 




No. P 2176. — Girl's Dress, with Three- 
Quarter Length Sleeves. Plaid cheviot in 
blue and red is used for this jaunty little 
frock. The round shallow yoke, which is 
a feature of the front, is of the same ma- 
terial cut on the bias. 4 Sizes — 6 to 12 
years. 

No. P 2174. — Child's One-Piece Dress 
Closed at Center- Back. The material used 
for this simple little one-piece model is 
Copenhagen-blue mohair, and the feath- 
er-stitching of the yoke, collar and cuffs 
is done with white silk floss. A belt of 
the material or one of white leather, adds 
a jaunty touch to the costume. 5 Sizes — 
1 to 9 years. 

No. P 2178.— Girl's Coat. Closed at Left 
Side. This stylish coat which is distinct- 
ly new in cut and outline, is developed in 
Bordeaux broadcloth. with collar and cuffs 
of black velvet, trimmed with braid. 4 
Sizes — 6 to 12 years. 

No. P 2182.— Girl's Dress, with Three- 
Quarter Length Sleeves and a Removable 
Chemisette. Jacqueminot-red cotton 
crepe, with the wide epaulettes and 
sleeve-bands of Irish lace bound with 
black velvet ribbon, makes this dress suit- 
able for any occasion. 4 Sizes — 6 to 12 
years. 

No. P 2172— Girl's Tucked Dress, with 
Guimpe. Green and white shepherd's 
plaid, with pointed yoke. Mikado sleeve- 
bands and belt in hunter's green satin- 
cloth, trimmed with narrow black sou- 
tache, and worn over a guimpe of White 
French flannel makes this dress suitable 
for school and every-day wear. 4 Sizes — 
6 to 12 years. 




The one and two-piece circular skirts, 
as well as the box- and side-plaited mod- 
els are all very fashionable this season 
for both women and growing girls; anoth- 
er favorite model for the latter is the 
three-piece sectional skirt. 

No. P 2197. — Lady's Circular Skirt. 
Closed at left side of front. In sweep or 
round length. Without center-back seam. 
Suitable only for plain materials, or. with 
seam, desirable for all materials. 6 Sizes — 
22 to 32. 

No. P 2205. — Lady's Fifteen -Gored Dou- 
ble Box-plaited Skirt. This model is ap- 
propriate for broadcloth, serge, invisible 
plaid worsted and cheviot. 6 Sizes — 22 to 
32. 

No. P 2190. — Miss's Tucked Circulav 
Skirt, in Three Sections. Voile, cashmere, 
mohair, and any one of the thin woolen 
goods develop well in this style. 4 Sizes— 
14 to 17 years. 

No. P 2184. — Miss's Nine-Gored Plaited 
Skirt. This wide box-plaited skirt is suit- 
able for any of the season's materials, 
and should be trimmed with mohair braid 
in black or self color. 3 Sizes — 13 to 17 
years. 

No. P 2201.— Lady's Six-Gored Skirt.— 
With plaits at front and back, and in me- 
dium sweep or round length. This pretty 
side-plaited model is adaptable to mate- 
rials for both street and house wear, and 
looks particularly well in serge or Pana- 
ma cloth. 7 Sizes — 22 to 34. 

No. P 2187.— Lady's Nine-Gored Plait- 
ed Skirt. This is an excellent model for 
broadcloth, serge, checked or striped tail- 
or suiting, cheviot or any of the Scotch 
or English worsteds. 6 Sizes — 22 to 32. 




No. P 2191. — Lady's Jumper, with a 
Yoke-Guimpe Having Three-quarter 
Length Sleeves. This style Is particularly 
effective, and may be developed in surah 
silk with guimpe of all-over lace, or in 
some soft woolen material with the 
guimpe of self-colored silk, if a less dressy 
effect is desired. 6 Sizes — 32 to 42. 

No. P 2181. — Lady's Tucked Shirtwaist. 
Closed at left side of front. Shepherd's 
plaid or Scotch plaid, with trimmings of 
plain-colored taffetas of surah silk, and 
fastened with flat brass buttons, makes 
this a suitable model for this season of 
the year. 7 Sizes — 32 to 44. 

No. P 2203.— Lady' Tucked Shirtwaist. 
French flannel, viyella, flannelette, or 
heavy Indian linen or madras all develop 
well in this style. 6 Sizes — 32 to 42. 

No. P 2209.— Lady's Two-Piece Tucked 
Jumper. Closed at back. This dainty lit- 
tle tucked jumper is a slight variation 
of the usual style, being made in two 
pieces and closed at the centre-back. 
Henrietta cloth, cashmere, voile, taffeta 
or peau de soie silk are all suitable ma- 
terials for its development. 6 Sizes — 32 
to 42. 

No. P 2185.— Lady's Tucked Shirtwaist. 

Closed at left side of front. Shadow-plaid 
silk, bound with plain satin ribbon, with \ 
the yoke panel of all-over lace, over plain 
colored silk, makes this waist dressy 
enough for any occasion. 8 Sizes — 32 to 46. 



How to Select a Stove or Range. 



Remember that all Stoves and Ranges 
may look very much alike, but there is a 
vast difference in their wearing and ser- 
vice qualities. To make sure that a, 
Stove or Range will wear for years and 
give absolutely satisfactory service, and 
to avoid paying two prices, buy direct 
from the factory of a reliable firm, a fac- 
tory with Millions behind it. and then 
their guarantee mean* something. Hoo- 
sier Stove Co. Factory, 131 State St.. Ma- 
rion. Ind., makes a very high-grade line 
of stoves and ranges, and sells direct to 
the user, saving you all Dealers' and Job- 
bers' Big Profits. They will send, with- 
out a cent's expense to you. a Stove or 
Range for you to try 30 davs. Backed by 
a Million Dollar Guarantee, and you will 
be the judge, for you are in no way ob- 
ligated to keep any stove or range thev 
send you. Write for their Special Free 
Trial Offer, the most liberal offer ever 
made by a Manufacturer. 



Water for Your 
Country Home 



A first class and sanitary water supply 
makes life on the farm worth living. 
It is now possible to have all the con- 
veniences, comforts and protection 
of the best city water works 
This means plenty of water de- 
livered under strong pres 
sure, in the bathroom, 
kitchen, laundry, garden, 
lawn or barn — any 
where you want it. 
This is accom- 
plished by 



The 
Kewanee 
System of 
Water Supply 



NO 

ATTIC 
TANK 



You. 



can avoid the unsightly and un- 
safe elevated tank, which may leak, 
freeze or collapse. The Kewanee System 
oes away with the attic tank, which is 
dangerous and inefficient. 

Instead, install a Kewanee Pneumatic Tank 
your cellar. Use hand pump, wind mill, gas 
engine, hot-air engine or other good power — pump 
the water into this tank from your own well, cistern 
or other natural source. This creates air pressure in 
the tank, which delivers the water to the fixtures and 
hydrants. 

Everything is frost proof and protected from ex- 
tremes in temperature. Tank is made of steel and rests on 
nolid ground. C. W. Welman. Sullivan, Ind., writes: 
"The Kewanee System which I installed in 
my country home two years ago gives per- 
fect satisfaction. It is always in order, 
always worlis perfectly and we have not 
spent 5c for repairs since it was put in." 
We will plan your whole water sysWtn free of charge. 
Over 8.000 Kewanee Systems in successful operation. 
Plants furnished in all sizes for any require- 
ments, from a cottage to a town. There may be 
some in your neighborhood — out catalogue tells. 
Write for our 64-page illustrated catalogue 
which explains everything. Mention 
J tnis Paper and ask for catalog No.g 



Kewanee Water Supply Company, 
Kewanee, Illinois. 

No. 32 Broadway, New York City. 

820 Marquette Bldg., Chicago. 

404 Equitable Bldg„ Baltimore, Md. 



1 







V f 



5=f 



TANK 



Three generations ol 
Simpsons have aide 

EDbystonE 

PRINTS 

Founded 1842 



Ask your dealer for 

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Solid Blacks 

Tho celebrated old •'Simpson" brand 
madeonly in Eddystone. 

The economical quality-fabric; durable 
cloth and fast color. 

For 65 years the standard for mourn- 
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lustre. 

If 5 our dealer hasn't Simpson-Eddystone Prints write us 
his name. We'll help him supply you. Decline substi- 
tutes and imitations. 

The Eddystone Mfg. Co.. Philadelphia 

Established by Wm. bimpson, Sr. 




Y 



OUR HIDE TANNED-^le 

Hides make fine, warm roben. We are th© 
oldest house doing this kind of work. Are 
responsible, and know how. Write for price*. 
THE WORTHING S ALSER CO.. HILLSDALE. MICHIGAN. 



WE TAN 



Your Horse or Cattle Hid»t 

for Robes, Coats or Mittens. 
Wind. Water and Moth proof. 
No charge over $7.00 for tanning 
and lining a robe. Write for circulars and samples. 

West. Reserve Robe&Tanning Co. .Cuyahoga Falls.0. 



A $50 MACHINE o f n. y $19 



for 
only 

New Model with Ball Bearing Head and Stand==» 
Automatic Tension Release- Automatic Lift 
Drop Head=-High Arm-=OaK or Walnut Table. 




We Pay the Freight 
90 Days' Trial 



Our new model. Im- 
proved Ohio Farmer sew- 
ing machine has ball 
bearing shuttle lever, (not 
found upon any other ma- 
chine), capped needle bar, 
shuttle race oiler, new 
automatic tension release, 
high substantial arm, au- 
tomatic bobbin winder, 
and automatic lift drop- 
head table, with ball bearings 
and still pitman. 

Guaranteed for 

20 YEARS. 

and money refunded if not satis- 
factory after 90 days' trial. Com- 
plete attachments, accessories 
and illustrated book free. We 
guarantee this machine to be 
first-class in every particular, 
handsome in appearance and 
equal to any machine made. 
Same machine without the au- 
tomatic Lift for only $18. 



Other Machines $12 to $25 



,£ P re £ a - V frei Sht to any freight station east of the Mississippi River, or 
south to Tennessee. You can not afford to buy a machine until you have 
Se £u c,? ur nantls °™e illustrated freecatalog. printed in colors. 

the 5.5 machine has the same head as the $19 machine, but upon a hand- 
some cabinet table. 

THE OHIO FARMER, Cleveland, O. 



30—30 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jax. 4, 1908. 



SOME NEEDS OF THE COMMON- 
WEALTH OF OHIO. 

TAXATION AND SOME POSSIBLE REFORMS. 
BY F. C. HOWE, STATE SENATOR. 

In a previous article it was stated 
that the people of Ohio did not really 
govern themselves, but that they were 
governed by certain big business inter- 
ests who found it profitable to control 
the legislature. This doubtless seemed 
an exaggeration to many people. Just 
one instance will show how profitable 
politics and the control of parties, con- 
ventions and legislatures may be to 
the great interests referred to. 

Have you ever been called upon to 
pay an accommodation promissory 
note which you endorsed for a neigh- 
bor? How did you feel about it, and 
how would you feel if you knew that 
he was a thousand times better able 
to pay it than you were, but escaped 
it thru some technicality of the law? 

Now that is just what the farmers 
and home owners of Ohio are doing 
for the railways, street railways, the 
express, sleeping car and other public 
service corporations. They are pay- 
ing from twelve to twenty millions 
every year of their taxes. These cor- 
porations are taxed at their scrap val- 
ue by county auditors, and not what 
they are worth in the market. For ex- 
ample, the total assessment of the 
railroads of Ohio in 1894 was $110,000,- 
000. They were assessed in 1904, ten 
years later, at $134,000,000. According 
to the Tax Commission appointed by 
President McKinley, these railroads 
were then worth $352,000,003 in the 
former year, and according to the val- 
uation made by tha United Staites 
census in 1904 they were worth $689,- 
797,000. In ten years' time their value 
in the markets has doubled, while 
their tax valuations have gone up but 
20 percent. Today the railroads are 
on the tax duplicate at less than 20 
percent of their real value. Other prop- 
erty is on at from 40 to 100 percent of 
its real value. They are assessed at 
$14,500 a mile of single track instead 
of $75,000 a mile, their market val- 
ue in 1904. The railroads of Ohio paid 
$478 a mile of taxes in 1904. In Massa- 
chusetts they pay $1,472 per mile. If 
Ohio had collected for the same rate 
as did Massachusetts, she would have 
received $13,500,000 from the railroad, 
instead of $4,300,000. In Connecticut 
the railroads pay $1,259 per mile, in 
Rhode Island, $1,049 per mile, in the 
District of Columbia, $1,349 per mile, 
and in New Jersey, $848 per mile. Had 
the railroads of Ohio been taxed as 
they are in these states they would 
have paid from two to three times 
what they do today. 

The same is true of other public 
service corporations like the palace 
and sleeping car, express, telegraph 
and telephone, the pipe line, the street 
and interurban railways, the gas, wa- 
ter and electric lighting companies, 
etc. In 1904 the Pulman Company paid 
$5,300 in taxes. It should have paid 
probably $114,000. The other public 
service corporations are on the tax 
duplicates on the same inadequate 
basis. In Cleveland, the Cleveland 
Electric Railway is assessed for $3,- 
500,000. The company's balance sheet 
claims that the property is worth $35,- 
164,000. In other words, there is in the 
neighborhood of $1,000,000,000 of real 
marketable property which is bought 
and sold in the market just like boots 
and shoes, clothes, and wheat, and 
houses, that is not taxed at all. It is 
not even considered in making ap- 
praisements. 

When we know that the total 
amount of property on the tax dupli- 
cate of the entire state of Ohio is 
slightly over $2,000,000,000, we can 
see how great a contribution the farm- 
el s and the home owners are making 
1o thes3 corporations in the state. For 
they escape from $12,000,000 to $20.- 
000,000 in taxes every year. This eva- 
sion has amounted to from $100,000,000 
to $150,000,000 iu ten years' time. The 
common people of the state are poor- 
er by this sum, while the railways and 
fie other corporations are that much 
richer. 

T et us figure this in another way. 
The $12.0(10,000 which they escape pay- 
in?; means that every able-bodied man 
in Ohio must give a whole week's 
work at $2 a day to these corporations. 
How would you feel if you, along with 
all the rest of the men of the state.had 



to srrve these interests at forced la- 
bor for one week in every year? Or to 
put it another way, $12,000 000 in tax- 
es which these corporations evade and 
the people pay, means that 17,000,000 
bushels of wheat, or the anpual pro- 
duce of more than 6,000 farms of 100 
acres each, must be contributed to 
those who own these corporations. 

But that is not all. The $1,000,000,- 
000 which thus escape taxation cost 
its owners nothing. It was not pro- 
duced by labor. It was not purchased 
by capital; it is a free gift from the 
state of Ohio, the counties and the cit- 
ies. For the thing that escapes is the 
franchise, the privilege, the monopoly 
rights which are property in every 
sense, and are so recognized by the 
courts and business men, but which 
have been secured thru corrupt or oth- 
er relations with the commonwealth 
and the cities. If any discrimination 
is to be made at all, should it not rath- 
er be against that which has cost its 
owners nothing rather than against 
that which has cost the workers of 
this state the weariest toil and saving. 

This great value can be taxed and 
is being taxed in other states like 
Massachusetts, Connecticut, Michigan 
Wisconsin, New York and elsewhere. 
It was over the attempt to tax these 
franchises and other values that Presi- 
dent Roosevelt, I.aFollette and Pin- 
gree waged their great fight, as gov- 
ernors in New York, Wisconsin and 
Michigan. They sought to tax these 
properties on the same basis as other 
wealth, that is, at their market value. 
And the result of the Ford franchise 
tax in New York State was to increase 
the valuation of the city monopolies 
alone from $96,000,000 to $427,951,000. 
The people of New York added between 
$8,000,000 and $10,000,000 to their rev- 
enues from the city corporations alone. 
The absurdity of the Ohio law is fur- 
ther seen from the fact that the own- 
ers of dogs in Ohio pay a total tax of 
$198,000 while all the sleeping car and 
fast freight companies in Ohio pay 
but $11,500. All the horses in Ohio are 
assessed for $40,000,000, while the 
three telegraph, the eight express and 
the 294 telephone companies are as- 
sessed for taxation at less than $18,- 
000,000. 

For more than ten years efforts have 
been made at Columbus to pass a fran- 
chise tax law. Partial success was ob- 
tained as to express, telephone and 
telegraph companies under the Nich- 
ols law. At the last session of the leg- 
islature, I introduced Senate Bill No. 
131 with the same end in view, and for 
two months the lobby of all these in- 
terests swarmed about the Senate 
Chamber, and prevented it from get- 
ting away from the committee until a 
few days before the adjournment of 
the Assembly. That bill would have 
increased the taxes of these corpora- 
tions about $6,000,000 a year, very 
much less than the amount which they 
should pay in comparison with other 
property. Yet $6,000,000 a year was a 
big enough prize to warrant every pos- 
sible means to bring about its defeat. 
If these corporations are to be taxed 
as other properties, it must be done 
by the activity of the people them- 
selves. They, too, must maintain a lob- 
by at home around their Senators and 
Assemblymen; they must watch their 
votes and scrutinize their records. A 
lobby in every county in the state 
would secure for the people that which 
they have been robbed of for years by 
the lobby which the big interests main- 
tain at Columbus. If these corpora- 
tions were made to pay $12,000,000 a 
year, the taxes of all other classes 
would be reduced by that amount. And 
if we capitalize $12,000,000, we find 
that it means the earnings on from 
$200,000,000 to $300,000,000. That is 
the sum at stake. In what wny can the 
people of Ohio secure a larger return 
on their effort than by maintaining a 
vigilant organization for the purpose 
of seeing that their representatives 
represent their wishes rather than the 
wishes of the more insistent lobby 
which is at work every day in the 
year. 

After two years of study, the Tax 
Commission appointed by Governor 
Harris has indicated its approval of 
franchise taxation. The Governor him- 
self has approved the extension of this 
idea. The placing of this great sum 
of $1,000,000,000 on the tax duplicate 
will be one of the most insistent 
Questions at Columbus next winter. Its 
accomplishment can only be achieved 



by public opinion, a public opinion 
which will make itself felt at home 
and at Columbus on the members of 
the Assembly who will then be com- 
pelled to choose between their constit- 
uents at home and the lobby in the 
State House. 



Pile Cure 

FREE 



SHALL WE FAVOR CLASS IN TAX- 
ATION? 

From indications it seems that the 
old fight is again to be made by the 
so-called "business" interests and own- 
ers of intangible (and therefore to a 
certain degree untaxed) wealth, to get 
their property still further relieved 
from their just and equal share of tax- 
ation. 

If this movement were coming from 
the agricultural interests or from the 
owners of encumbered homes in the 
cities, villages or on the farms of the 
state, it would be more reasonable, but 
coming from the class of property 
owners now paying less than their 
share of the cost of government, the 
movement is not only untimely, but 
we predict will eventually result in a 
boomerang that will return to wound 
the ones that set it in motion. 

The movement is aimed at a change 
in the constitution so as to allow cer- 
tain classes of property td be taxed at 
a higher rate than others, and some 
now taxed to be exempted, because it 
is the kind that these agitators chief- 
ly own. 

The Ohio constitution that has stood 
for fifty-six years and still stands as a 
bulwark of equality for the taxation 
of all property, valued on the same 
basis, whether owned by the poor or 
the rich, is being attacked by every 
argument, fair or foul, so that the peo- 
ple of the state may be induced to 
change it, so that the property can be 
"classified" as they choose to call it. 
The use of this term as now made is 
deceptive, for under the tax laws, 
property is already classified, and the 
classification has been upheld in sev- 
eral decisions of our Supreme Court. 
Why not call the movement by its 1 
right name, viz.; one to "fix the con- 
stitution so that we can get laws 
passed so that we can reduce the tax- 
es or exempt our property, and put 
them on the other fellows?" This is | 
the true meaning of the agitation. Who 
shall pay the cost of government? 
Shall it be divided around equally as 
now provided in the constitution or 
shall we collect it from real estate or 
tangible property alone, and let mon- 
ies, credits, bonds and stocks go free? 

In order to create dissatisfaction 
with our present constitution, the 
mouthpieces of the movement tell you 
that the state has outgrown it, that 
business has so changed that it is not 
comprehended by the terms of that 
instrument, and they even go so far 
as to cast slurs on the venerated 
statesmen who drew that instrument. 
We deny that conditions now are so 
very much different from what they 
were in 1851, when the constitution 
went into effect. There were corpora- 
tions then, domestic, interstate, and 
foreign, the same as now, with stock- 
holders living here and elsewhere; and 
while the number of corporations and 
kinds of business have increased large- 
ly, the really new subjects of taxa- 
tion are very few. and none but what 
can. without violence to the rules, be 
adjudged as included in the term 
"property" and taxed under the con- 
st itution as it now is. 

If there is any class of property that 
now, as a class, escapes taxation, it is 
the fault of the legislature in not pass- 
ing laws to tax it. for the Supreme 
Court has said in several decisions 
construing the constitution, that it 
meant to include for taxation all 
property within the state, and not to 
exempt any, save that which it spe- 
cifically designated. 

Therefore the only reason that all 
taxable property is not on the tax du- 
plicate at its full and true value is 
bacatfse of the failure of the Legisla- 
ture to pass laws that will effect such 
taxation, and the people of the state 
seeing to it that when such laws are 
passed they are enforced. 

The moment the state abandons the 
equality of taxation on all property 
alike and creates classes of property, 
preferring or exempting one above an- 
other, or shifting from year to yoar. 
the burden from one to the other, that 
moment very serious trouble begins. 
The effect of such a stite policy can 



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ple will relieve the itching, soothe the 
inflamed membrane and start you on 
your way to a cure. After you have 
used the sample go to the druggist for 
a 50-cent box of the remedy. Write to- 
day. The sample costs you nothing. 
Pyramid Drug Co., 139 Pyramid Bldg., 
Marshall, Mich. 



NORTHWEST 

TEXAS 

cated close to railroads and shipping points. 
Good markets. Plenty of good water and is 
easily obtained. If you want to get into a lo- 
cality that is fast settling up, now is your 
chance. We are not agents but sole owners. 

WRITE TODAY FOR ILLUSTRATED PAMPHLET 

The Korth Tun Land Co. 17 Market St. Texiin*, Texas 



Lands in the 
Panhandle of 
Texas at low 
prices & easy 
terms. Crops 
and climate 
the best. Lo- 



Homeseekers, 
Come to Tennessee 



fortunately . ituated. Tennet 
I ro, ocer. idles sou 
markets just a* i 

is •outhern-rr.i 

produce it exhaosod. and reaches northern markets sere 
weekt earlier than northern-;: rown stuff, thus command, 
very best prices both north and south. From $10O to $V'i | 
acre cleared from Cantaloupe. Cahhare and Tomato crops 
Tennessee in. 1907; noiwithstandinr. this land is aellinf I 
from $.', to $20 an acre. Kxcellent climate: pure srater. 11 
descriptive UlBiatuje ad !r. - II. l.^milh. frame »rr.. P. I 
I, N ,.,..,!;,.. I billsnoocs a M. Louis Ky., Jlashiille Tea 



For in 



IMAMS GARDEN SPOT 

alone the 

ATLANTIC COAST LINE RAILROAD 

in Vireinia. North and South Carolina, O»»orriii, 
Alalmiua an*. Ki.ti.Ih writ- t<-> WII.I.I K Mft. 

* <» Y. AisrtealtaraJ » n ii Imui^rml < n 

A Relit. Jii«'kM«ii viUe, 1 l.n 



Wisconsin Farm 
Lands! 
I 



If you are consirlerintr the I 
purchase of a farm it will 
pay you to write or ca!l. I 
I.nndrt In Taylor and l*rler Co*. s>r. to s>ltl» per acre. I 
Win. T. Cienry. !()."> Wushltitrioii St., t'hlciiro I 



For Rent 



Excellent J mel River K-tin, 
near electric mad. 10 mile, li. in 
Richmond Vireinia. 25" acres arable land, imh. 
iug 75 to 109 bn. shelled corn per acre, other cr pa 
in proportion: upland also good. New ft- room duell- 
ing, i new barn*, other buildings. Pos session any 
time. Money rent only. Stork and Implements 
now on farm. fan be purchased reasonably. 
JAMES BKI.LWOt'D. il.<Nt'H KSTKR. VIRGINIA. 



ale! 



147*1 a. farm — S-room h"n«e: 3 (nod barns. 30. an- 
granary, 14x?4: I go.wl orchards : l d water. In*, 
good timber liood land. Ilea bare I. IS 000. al.SOO ra*kj 
bnl . on easr stntl at S percent . This la a b*rr-. In 
CHANDLER O RICE. C ortland. O hto 



OHIO FARMS 

advantage*: low tat and 

Write today. It'- free. 



rile for lUt deser 
■ Central Oli 
.-tritia "-u h (,, i. , , 

1 land.oiarkeia it 



istlotia: 



p 



I00-0HI0 FARMS FOR SALE 

I'oscrlptlTe list, qnoting price*, and 111ns. « tth 
SO lialf-i«no vl»-e* of r*rm Home* for aale. free. 
B. II. KISTLKR, WARREN, OHIO. 



Two Farms for Sale 

Subdivide anltahlv Detlral l* 
J. W. I-KTF.KS iw \r. Spring ! 



TT/tT* ^ r» 1 «a — Farms, located a'l mtrRlnli 

r or oate,,,,,,. . , . 

for big new list. R. I'. tVitOH HMc way. Ob o. 

WRTTF. •' n - s - H*N*ON, nan. Michigan, f 
■»*■»■•*•■*■• for price of trim, grain ai d ► I c k 

farms. It will pay you to do so. 

Farm Wanted f * r,n ,n «*»mm 
mi hi n din eu 

business. J. D. GIBSON, fhricb- ville. Ohio. I 

^ ^ — — — » 

TJargaln — 90 aer»* fortT.JOO. o n e mile of AVr-n, 
1 ' O. «ond *o<l, imlt, water and bldg- Joo" • 'her 



farms. Free List 



F. A. LEkSER. Akron. Ohio. 



Jan. 4, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



31—31 



net be comprehended. It is so far- 
reaching that it.can not but be disa :- 
trous to a republican form of govern- 
ment. The rich and powerful will 
dominate the policy and secure the 
benefits of exemption. This will lead 
to the shifting of the burdens of gov- 
ernment more and more, each year, on- 
to the small property owners, the 
workingman and debtor class, until 
we raise up a monied aristocracy. Each 
wealthy and protected interest can af- 
ford, and will have, its "lobby" to 
"look after" legislation in its interest. 
Nay, worse, they will select before- 
hand the ones they want in the law- 
makers' chairs. 

One of the plausible, but at the same 
time fallacious, arguments advanced 
to create sentiment in favor of a 
change is that ignus fatuus of "local 
option" in taxation. They say, "raise 
the state levies somehow," then "the 
counties can tax what they please." 
This local option term was borrowed 
from the liquor traffic, but has little 
similar to it, except that if such op- 
tion was allowed by the constitution, 
each county would have the right to 
rate for itself and have its own legis- 
lature and would have the right to 
pass its own tax laws, taxing only 
such classes of property as it saw fit, 
independent of any other county; oth- 
erwise it could not have local option 
in taxation. The result, besides its be- 
ing impracticable, would be most 
ridiculous. One county would exempt 
bonds and stocks, the adjoining one 
would not. The man who had them 
would move to where he don't pay. 
The nomadic simplicity of former 
days would return again. Many funny 
things would happen then that don't 
happen now. 

The constitution as it is now, is the 
very fairest possible. Who can think 
of any plan that is more just to all 
classes of citizens and property than 
the one that requires all property 
values to be taxed equally and alike, 
the one the same as the other — and 
whether in the hands of the lordly 
rich, the every-day well-to-do worker, 
or the little owner? 

The failure to enact laws, as I have 
said, is, with the Legislature. It is to 
blame for most of the inequality in 
the operation of the tax laws. Even in 
the matter of assessing real estate, 
there is almos^ as much inequality in 
its assessment, and also in valuing 
tangible property, as there is in the 
getting of bonds, stocks, credits and 
intangibles on the tax duplicate. It 
is not that the property is intangible 
that it has escaped. The tax laws are 
just as weak and deficient and have 
heen in operation just as unequal in 
assessing real estate and tangible chat- 
tels, as in any other classes. 

The Legislature can, if it will, enact 
laws that will remedy the great wrong 
that is now in yearly operation in 
Ohio, viz.; the unequal assessment of 
nearly all classes of property. It can 
make laws that will fairly assess all 
property at its-full and fair value. That 
will make intangible property just as 
tpn^ible as real estate, for taxation 
purposes; that will tax all property at 
full value in all parts of the state, and 
confine the rate of levies to the min- 
imum, l et the constitution alone. It 
has never forced a dollar of wealth to 
leave the state, but on the contrary, by 
taxing foreign investments, has kept 
untold millions from going away. 

What the people want to do is to de- 
mand of the Legislature that it pass 
the right kind of tax laws that will 
bring all property on the duplicate, 
and then see that officials enforce 
those laws. Let the constitution alone. 
— W. Cleveland, O. 



, SUBSTITUTE FOR THE PRESENT 
TAX SYSTEM. 

Summary of an address by Wm. O. 
Matthews, read before the Cleveland 
Real Estate Board, Dec. 4, 1907: 

1. The rate of taxation should be 
limited by law to not exceed 1 percent. 

| 2. The total taxable wealth of the 
state exceeds 8 billions of dollars. The 

1 total taxes raised for state, county, 
municipal and school purposes are 60 
millions of dollars. 

' This wealth is made up of (1) real 
estate, (2) business investments in 
the state, (3) mortgages, notes and 
bonds and credits generally, (4) for- 
eign stocks and bonds, (5) money in 
bank, (6) house furnishings, jewelry, 
carriages, etc., (7) incomes from pro- 



fessions and other occupations. 

4. Mortgages, notes, bonds and cred- 
its should be exempt from taxation. 
Where one man loans money to anoth- 
er, the wealth of neither is increased 
and no new taxable property is cre- 
ated; to tax both the property and the 
mortgage or bond is double taxation. 
> 5. The state should levy no taxes 
whatever. All taxes should be collected 
by the counties and each county re- 
quired to furnish a proper proportion 
of the expenses of the state govern- 
ment. There will then be no induce- 
ment for different counties to place a 
40 or 50 percent valuation upon prop- 
erty and real estate can be actually 
valued at its true value in money. 

G. Real estate should be re-valucd 
each year. The most successful states 
have adopted this plan and Ohio is 
the only state in the Union where 
property is appraised but once in ten 
years. 

7. All valuations upon real estate 
must be made by experts especially 
trained, under civil service rules, for 
the work. It is absolutely necessary 
that the merit system be extended 
thruout all the tax departments. It is 
useless to expect good results when 
the assessors are dependent for re- 
election and appointment upon the 
very people whom they are expected 
to tax fairly. 

8. Foreign stocks and bonds are not 
taxable property, any more than are 
deeds or partnership agreements. They 
but represent property which has al- 
ready been taxed. For this reason, the 
owners will not pay double taxation 
and any attempt to enforce collection 
encourages men of wealth to make 
their home elsewhere, and Ohio is thus 
deprived of hundreds of millions Of 
capital. The state is justified, how- 
ever, in levying a tax upon foreign 
stocks and bonds at a low rate. This 
is for the reason that the tax on the 
corporation of property, which is rep- 
resented by the stock or bond, is col- 
lected by another state, and unless 
some tax were levied, Ohio would be 
put to the expense of government for 
the benefit of the owner and would be 
deprived of all revenue. The tax should 
be less than one-half of one percent, 
and the experience of Pennsylvania 
and Maryland proves that more reve- 
nue is collected by the low rate than 
by our present rates which amount to 
confiscation. 

9. Business investments must be 
treated the same as parcels of real es- 
tate and must be taxed for what the 
business is worth, as a productive unit, 
as a going concern. Every man who 
own a business house knows what that 
business is worth for the purpose of 
sale to some one who might wish to 
buy him out. The reason that real es- 
tate taxation has been successful is 
because we have valued it by this rule. 
The Ohio Supreme Court has held that 
there is good will and surplus value in 
real estate, the same as in business, 
and that it is unfair and unscientific 
to tax all such value in real estate and 
to tax business only upon its separate 
items of physical property. Massachu- 
setts has used this unit rule tax for 
the past forty years, upon all corpora- 
tions, and it is quite as successful as 
the real estate tax. Pennsylvania lev- 
ies the same tax upon all corporations. 
New York, Connecticut and Illinois 
al^o treat a business as a productive 
unit, and levy the tax upon the selling 
value of the whole business as a going 
concern. Good will in business is 
taxed everywhere in England and in 
France and Prussia. Ohio, today, ap- 
plies this Unit Rule tax to express 
companies and to telegraph and tele- 
phone companies and they are more ef- 
fectively taxed than any other line of 
business. Of course there are a great 
many small business ventures upon 
which it would be difficult to place a 
valuation. These must be grouped in- 
to classes and some fixed annual 
charge, similar to a license, collected, 
according to the relative importance 
of each class. The experience of oth- 
er states teaches us that the larger 
business enterprises can be taxed with- 
out possibility of escape. The only ob- 
jection which can be raised is that the 
private affairs of a company are made 
public, but fifty years of experience in 
England and in various states in this 
country show that this fear is imagin- 
ary and that the limited supervision 
necessary is not objectionable. The 
Unit Rule is applied thruout thewhr 1 ^ 
country as to railroads, parlor it 



companies, insurance companies and' 
others, and it is impossible to tax such 
concerns effectively by any other meth- 
od. Ohio is behind in the race. We 
have applied a different method of as- 
sessing business than we have in real 
estate and the result is that fully 
three billions of dollars of wealth es- 
cape taxation. Instead of taxing bus- 
iness for what it is worth as a going 
concern, we have simply asked the 
owners to make out a list of the tan- 
gible property owned and to tell us the I 
value for which they desired it to be | 
taxed. Every one knows that this 
value bears no proper relation to the 
actual sale value of the whole busines 
as a going concern. The system has 
been a farce and we can not have a 
proper tax system until it is correct- 
ed. Experience has shown that the 
tax is not a burden upon the owner of 
the business as it is levied at a low I 
rate and is part of the expense ac- 
count and is diffused thruout the 
whole community and profits are not 
made less. Business men are willing 
to pay fair taxes if they know that all 
others are doing the same. 

10. It is impossible, under the pres- 
ent system, to pay the high tax im- 
poed upon deposits in banks, and the 
rate of taxation should be reduced to 
not exceed one-fourth of one percent. 
By requiring the banks to act as the 
agent of the government, we can re- 
quire them to pay the tax and charge 
it to the depositor. Thus every dollar 
of the tax can be collected without es- 
cape and the people will be willing to 
pay the low rate. 

11. No tax has ever been successful 
when the owner is allowed to make his 
own return. It always results in a tax 
upon the honest and the helpless; and 
the tax directly upon the furnishings 
of houses and upon personal adorn- 
ments is a failure. We must substitute 
some method by which there will be 
no escape. No better plan has been 
proposed than to assume that the con- 
tents of a house or an apartment 
building, or an office building, bears 
some relation to the value of the prop- 
erty and to assess a small levy of per- 
haps one-fifth of one percent on the 
occupied property, to cover its con- 
tents. This will produce large revenue 
and will be as near to an equitable tax 
as can be applied, and will be immeas- 
urably superior to present methods 
which do not have the accuracy of 
even good guess-work. 

12. There are 77,000 persons in Ohio 
in the different professions. These and 
persons in other occupations who en- 
joy large incomes, which are not taxed 
in any way, should be required to pay 
same equitable annual tax. 

ESTIMATE OF POSSIBLE REMEDIES. 

13. Actual value of real es- 
tate in Ohio is between 4 
and 5 billion dollars. A 
tax of .8 of 1# on 4 bil- 
lions would raise $32,000,000 

Wealth represented in busi- 
ness probably equals the 
value of real estate. If we 
figure it at but one-half, 
we shall be safe: .8 of 14 
on 2 billions would raise. . 16,000,000 

A habitation tax of .2 of 14 

on real estate would raise. 8,000,000 

Professions and occupa- 
tions, minimum 1,000,000 

Low tax of .4 of 11 on for- 
eign stocks and bonds, 
low estimate 2,000,000 

Tax of .2 of U on deposits. . 1,000,000 



Above does not include li- 
quor taxes. 

If tax on real estate and 
business is placed at 1£, 
this estimate would in- 
crease $12,000,000 



Total revenue needed $60,000,000 



Share of Wheat. — A rents 100 acres of 
land to B. on .shares, from April 1. 1907. 
to April 1. 1!> >S. B is to receive one-half 
of all crops for his service. A sells farm 
to E in November, after B has sown 20 
acres of wheat. A and C had a notary 
publir write an article of agreement. A 
excepts 15 trees. 500 ft. lumber and some 
tile, that are on the farm, and agrees to 
give possession April 1, 1909. C pays $1.- 
000 down, balance in three payments. 
(Signed) A and C. Can C hold half the 
wheat, or all of it? No wheat mentioned 
in the article of agreement. Subscriber. — 
A can hold whatever share of the wheat 
he was to have had. there being no sale 
of the farm, which you say is one-half. 
C simply steps into A's position, so far 
as B is concerned. 



The Farmer's Wife 

is very careful about her churn. She 
scalds it thoroughly after using, and gives 
it a sun bath to sweeten it. She knows 
that if her -hum is sour it will taint the 
butter that is made In it. The stomaoh is 
a churn. In the stomach and digestive 
and nutritive tracts are performed pro- 
cesses which arc, almost exactly like the 
churning of butter. Is it not apparent 
ihen that if this stomach-churn is foul it 
makes foul all which is put into it? 

The evil of a foul stomach is not alone 
•„he bad taste in the mouth and the foul 
breath caused by it, but the corruption o! 
the pure current of blood and the dissem- 
ination of disease throughout the bod v. 
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery 
makes the sour and foul stomach sweet 
It does for the stomach what the washing 
and sun bath do for the churn — absolutely 
removes every tainting or corrupting ele- 
ment. In this way it cures blotch .s, 
pimples, eruptions, scrofulous swellings, 
sores, or open eating ulcers and ail 
humors or diseases arising from bad blood. 

If you have bitter, nasty, foul taste in 
your mouth, coated tongue, foul breath, 
are weak and easily tired, feel depressed 
and despondent, have frequent headaches, 
dizzy attacks, gnawing or distress In stom- 
ach, constipated or irregular bowels, sour 
or bitter risings afler eating and poor 
appetite, these symptoms, or any consider- 
able numberof them, indicate that you are 
suffering from biliousness, torpid or lazy 
liver with the usual accompanying indi- 

estion, or dyspepsia and their attendant 

erangements. 

rho he. S T, "^cnts kno wn , TO medical o r-- 

en'ce 'tor'tnc 'jtfnW ^aliiivi ' sympton j i 
ana rarffitions^tsjtt jtof ■ ~tf"'iy the-wrU nKTg 
nf ipa^ii^Effi-hffis. And pralTtit.loflftrTjft 
alTthe sevvrqj s chools o( medjc;J pracH^ 
have be en skillfiillj£nj)(f fr"inio r|io u s!_ 
comhiueiTTn ^TPi ^-ce's fi olrk-n M c<iT( : ,ii 
Qiscovi^ ry^ rTiat, this is absolutely true 
will be readily proven to your satisfaction 
if you will but mail a postal card request 
to Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y., for a 
free copy of his booklet of extracts from 
the standard medical authorities, gi' ing 
the names of all the ingredients entering 
into his world-famed medicines and shew- 
ing what the most eminent medical men 
r «f the aee say of th/aa. 




SAWMILLS 

From this size up to largest, standard mills with var- 
iable friction feed. Favorite* in every lnraber 
district. Cut most with least power, ensy to 
handle. Edgers, Trimmers, Lath Mills, Shingle 
Mills, Cut off and Kip Saws, eta Send for iree catalog. 

American Saw Mill Mch'y Co., 

1 27 Hops St.. Hackettstown, N. J., 

608 Engineering Bldg., New York City. 




has been the reliable protective friend of 
farmers' property of ev3ry kind 
Rcildings Fire 
Live Stock against Cyclones 
Chops Toknados 
For Over Half a Century 
it lias never failed to fully pay every 
loss on most equitable basis. Call on 
Ohio Farmers' Insurance Co. Agents or 
write the company at Lie Roy, Ohio. 



\lTlTl+Ofl — To correspond with party intake 
¥» aiibCU charte of about fifty acres of ynoi.g 
frnit— apples, pears, pearlies, plums, cherries, etc. 
U ant h man competent to prune, spray and take 
general cure «>i my orchards. Can provide board f«<r 
siugle man. or furui»h comfortable house to man 
with family. Want competent man. State expe- 
rience auu five reference. Address 

■ I ■ r, Cleveland. Ohl". 

-aere highly improved farm. New 14- room 
h'inse worth M.tiOO: 2 large barns, ice 
house. granary, carriage house. power wind 
mill, hUL'ai- hush. 20 acres timber; fruit. 
Verv fenii.. **nil, Four mile* from Oberlin. 
P. E. TWIKINfl, R I. OBERLIN. O H In 



W^nf in PlIV 4 " r ^ working interest 
Clll IV l»UJ t ,„ od dairy f arm with hone.i. 
hustling yonng married partner. My age. 51. 
CIHV MAX U..i I, R. I, MT. «i 1 l,E A I ' OH 1 ' . 

1,'ARM POR RENT — Near SaJUbury. Wlenniii-n (- 
* rMaryland. Also one for sale. Kor full parti.-nl; rs 
address SAMUEL P. WOODCOCK, Salisbury. Mo. 






S35.00 



A 

Complete Set 
of Guaranteed 
Tools 

Suppose you were to start out to buy a 
set of tools for your home — you are suf- 
ficiently well informed to be sure of getting 
the best of each kind, because all you have to remember is the one 
name Keen Kutter. But in buying a complete set you would be sure 
to forget something or possibly buy* some tools that you would seldom use. 
The most economical and satisfactory way is to buy a 

KB0N mm 

Tool Cabinet 

Then you not only have all the tools you need and 
the means to keep them handily and properly, but 
you are sure that every tool is the best made. 

This confidence is absolute, for you know if 
any tool should prove imperfect or unsatisfactory 
your money will be refunded without question. 

Keen Kutter Tool Cabinets are the only tool 
cabinets made containing a complete set of guaran- 
teed tools under one name and trademark. 

Each cabinet, besides a complete set 
of tools, includes various accessories such as 
sandpaper, wire, screw's, nails, glue, tacks, etc. 

Keen Kutter Tool Cabinets come in 
all styles and sizes at prices from $8.50 to 
$85.00 according to the assortment of 

If not at your dealer's, write us. 

SIMMONS HARDWARE COMPANY (Inc 

St. Louis and New York, U. S. A. 




Volume CXIII, No. 2. 
Whole Number 7355 

THE FARMERS' WORKSHOP. 

The first picture on this page shows 
a busy scene in front of the old work 
and blacksmith shop on the Buchanan 
homestead. The busy farm team has 
paused long enough to have a pulled 
shoe redrove, and the brood mare and 
foal are here to have their feet put in 
good condition by the use of the rasp. 
The horses are high-grade, pure-bred 
Percherons. The building in the back- 
ground is the farm 4-ton scale-house 
erected over 25 years ago. 

"Every man to his own profession," 
is an old adage. When a man attempts 
to attend to a number of divergent in- 
terests, he is said to have "too many 
irons in the fire." Very often some of 
them are apt to burn, and the over- 
burdened man suffers loss. Some men 
have proved themselves to be many- 
sided, and so methodical and econom- 
ical of their time that they can dispose 
successfully of a variety of interests. 
But this does not warrant most men in 
multiplying their avocations. Again, 
it is advocated very properly, "that 
while we live we must let others live." 
That is, avocations should be divided 
up among our fellow beings. The farm- 
er can not do all of his work on the 
farm. He must hire some as a rule. He 
must employ the mason, carpenter, 
blacksmith, cobbler, thresher, etc. This 
is especially true if the farmer is 
alone. 

The farmer's life is a many-sided af- 
fair; more so than the most of other 
occupations or professions. It gives 
him a breadth in variety of thought 
and work that makes it very desirable 
for him to be a "Jack (an efficient one) 
of all trades." I wish to explain by 
calling attention to a certain class of 
farmers who are largely represented 
■among the Ohio Farmer's 
readers, viz. farmers who 
are rearing a young fam- 
ily of boys. I started out 
to write about the farm- 
ers' workshop; and can 
not make my thoughts 
more plain than by giving 
an experience in my fath- 
er's family. 

When my three broth- 
ers and I were little boys, 
we moved from town onto 
a farm. While I was born 
in town all of my direct 
ancestors as far back as 
I can trace them were 
farmers. We lived several 
miles from the nearest 
blacksmith shops, stores, 
carpenters, etc. I have of- 
ten heard my father say 
that when he was a boy, 
all the tools he haci to 
use in making playthings, 
were an old-fashioned 
drawing knife, auger, gim- 
let, handsaw, blunt inch 
chisel and a barlow 
knife. Feeling grieved for 
want of tools, he told his 
father that if he ever got 
to be a man and had boys 
of his own he would buy 
them tools, a keg of nails 
and a wagon-load of lum- 
ber, and tell them to 
pitch in. The time came, 
and he built a shop 16 by 
22 feet. He put in a full kit of black- 
smith tools, carpenter tools and an 
abundance of iron and lumber. 

We boys spent many a rainy day in 
making play things, and after a while 
we began to make repairs of the sim- 
pler kinds. Then we got to making 
sleds, drags, harrows, ladders and 
gates. We also had our fancy notions, 
making roller skates, bicycles, picture 
frames, harness, bolts and taps. We 
welded irons, sharpened tools and 



CLEVELAND, OHUat "^^O^NUARY 11, 1908. 

dHMer farmers will save 

mone> Hs^lM ring done. But there are 
many things to be made and little 
joyed many pleasant and profitable things to be repaired, that with a well- 



even shod horses. Each one iea"t.,.I 
to shoe his own horses and one broth- 
er learned the trade at home. We en- 



hours in the shop. We made many 
failures but our motto was to try 
again, even if it was at the expense of 
broken and misused nails, destroyed 



provided shop, can be done in less time 
than it would take to carry it to a 
tradesman's shop. For instance, before 
the shop was provided father was 




FARM TEAM, PERCH ERON MARE AND FOAL. AND THE OLD SHOP. 



Price 5 Cents. 
75 Cents a Year. 

as much important time had been lost. 
A few years after the shop was a fix- 
ture, father was again finishing his 
harvest with a reaper, when a large 
and important bolt broke. J- means of 
the shop the machine was at work 
again in just one hour and the job fin- 
ished before night. 

We recall a few of the great many 
instances where the shop was a great 
time and money saver. At least four 
times there were tongues broken out 
of machinery and within one hour 
they eould be mended and replaced. It 
very frequently occurrs that something 
breaks about the thresher's outfit, and 
many times much valuable time is lost. 
A convenient shop saves it all. We are 
quite sure that it will pay the aver- 
age farmer living one-half mile or 
more from a blacksmith shop to have 
a small or short kit of tools for him- 
self. It will save much time and 
many dimes. In all these years we 
have saved much important time by 
repairing, etc. The shop and the train- 
ing prepared us for the emergencies. 
To know v that you are prepared to 
meet the many accidents, and that you 
can make many things that may be 
needed at almost any moment, is a 
great satisfaction. Again. I have no 
doubt but what this source of gratify- 
ing the energies of the young life in 
the shop, measuring our skill and em- 
ploying our youthful minds, satisfied 
us with our lot, instead of making us 
seek company and pleasures away 
from the direct influence of our par- 
ents. — J. L. Buchanan, Carrol Co., O. 



THE MAKING OF A GOOD FARMER. 




THE HOMES OF C. O. POTTER & SON". DELAWARE CO.. N. Y. 



lumber and bruised fingers. It was 
play and fun for us then, but long 
since I have learned that we were then 
both cultivating our minds and mus- 
cles to be able to turn them to many 
useful kinds of work on our farm. In 
later years we have heard father say 
that the money spent in building and 
supplying the shop was one of his best 
investments. 

As a matter of course there are many 
things, such as building houses. barns, 



mowing a heavy meadow and was very 
anxious to finish that day. About two 
o'clock in the afternoon a bolt lost 
out of the machine. Failing to find it, 
he had to unhitch his team and go 
three miles to a blacksmith shop to 
get a new bolt made. Other people were 
there getting work done and he had 
to wait his turn. It was almost ten 
o'clock when he got the new bolt — 15 
minutes work and a cost of 15 cents. 
The actual cost was a great deal more 



I have often said that the only way 
to make a good farmer is to first make 
a good man; and the best way to do 
this is to begin with the 
boy. Teach him that in la- 
ter years one of the hard- 
est tasks before him is to 
unlearn the error in his 
life. Few boys would 
wish to leave the farm if 
they were made to feel 
that right on the farm 
they can have all there 
is in the world that is 
real and good; if they 
could be made to realize 
the great opportunities 
for education that may 
come to them just where 
they are. When the fath- 
er and son realize what 
science is now doing for 
the farmer; when both 
will work together and 
avail themselves of its 
teachings, and both be- 
come conscious of their 
moral obligations to each 
other, and know that 
their interests are one; 
when the farmer is ready 
to fit himself to become 
his boy's teacher and. com- 
panion, then he will help 
his boy to make a good 
man and necessarily a 
good farmer. 

Beginning early, he 
should enter into the 
boy's work and play with 
the spirit of a boy. He 
should be a boy with his 
boy and so enter into the heart of the 
lad. that he can bring out much more 
of the qualities and good which he 
possesses. Education does not put any- 
thing in the boy, but unfolds and de- 
velops what is already in him. Every 
boy has the capacity to rightly care 
for his own little garden, or calf, or 
chickens, if the parent becomes as in- 
terested in them as he i« himself, and 
patiently teache? him. We must let tne 
boys be boys before we expect them 



2_34 

to be men. Be patient, for they must 
take all the steps that are between 
childhood and manhood, and they en- 
ter into the realities of life thru play. 
1 would like to help the farmers and 
their children to see what is now 
available for their use as soon as they 
are ready to use it. The experiment 
station, the agricultural college, the 
farmers' institutes, the state conven- 
tions, the grange, and the agricultural 
papers, are all working for them. Ru- 
ral schools will be so reformed and im- 
proved, that the boy or girl need not 
go to the city for opportunities for 
education and culture; changes are now 
under consideration in New York 
State that will bring to the farmers' 
children the best schools. Modern in- 
ventions and improvements have given 
the farmer the telephone, free rural 
mail delivery and the trolley car. The 
phonograph entertains with music or 
recitations. All that is worth having 
in this world is coming to the isolated 
farmer, and if he does not make the 
most of himself, and get more that is 
good out of life, it is because he is not 
using his opportunities. 

The lower cut on first page shows 
the farm and buildings of a New York 
farmer who in a large degree has 
worked out successfully the ideals I 
have presented. This is one of the best 
dairy farms in New York, in the beau- 
tiful Ouleout Valley, and is near the 
village of Franklin. It is the home of 
Chas. 0. Potter and son. The son who 
lives with his family in the smaller 
house was so taught and inspired with 
a love for the farm that he chose the 
vocation of farming for a life; work. 
They built the house near to the one 
occupied by his father, and have es- 
tablished a profitable business. They 
are breeders of thorobred Guernsey 
cattle, and White Leghorn poultry. A 
herd of 23 cows are kept, and from 
the sales of the surplus stock, they av- 
erage about $1,500 per year. The sales 
of dairy products yield nearly $1,000, 
and the total income from all sources 
is about $3,142. The estimated expens- 
es are $1,250, which leaves a salary of 
more than $2,000 for father and son. 
This is a good salary for those living 
on a farm, where living expenses are 
light as compared with the city resi- 
dent. 

The advantages and privileges they 
enjoy would seem to more than offset 
those in the city. Modern inventions 
have brought to them about all that 
there is in the city that is desirable. 
Horses and carriages are ready for use 
at any time without extra cost. Near 
them are the best schools and church- 
es, and here they know their neighbors 
as the city man never does. The 
Grange affords opportunities for so- 
cial intercourse, and the average of 
culture and morality, I believe, is high- 
er than in the cities. Here there is 
more time for reading books, and peri- 
odicals when one desires it. Every 
thing good may be had in the home — 
music and ar.., and there is plenty of 
room for making beautiful grounds 
about the house, where one may have 
the best in landscape gardening. All 
the compensations of ideal farm life, 
and many more, will come to those who 
desire them, and are ready to avail 
themselves of the teachings of modern 
horticultural science. The elder Mr. 
Potter has been at the head of differ- 
ent farmers' organizations, and is now 
master of the local grange. Results 
seem to prove that he took the right 
course Tvith his son. He has made a 
good farmer. — W. H. Jenkins, Dela- 
ware Co., N. Y. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 11, 1908. 



EXPERIMENT FARM NOTES. 

Annual Financial Statement. — As 
usual at about this date, I give the to- 
tal income and expenses of the farm as 
an investment, not the earnings of my- 
self as a worker or the expenses or 
benevolences of myself and wife. These 
last have no bearing upon the general 
purpose of the experiment, which Is 
to find out whether farming on a farm 
naturally of less than average Ohio 
fertility, but under intelligent super- 
vision, can be made to pay reasonable 
dividends. The farm contains 1.16 acres 
of glaciated bowlder clay land, slight- 
ly rolling and with naturally tough, 
compact and rather thin and unpro- 
ductive clayey soil. Until I bought it 
of my father in 18G3 and moved onto 
it in 1864, almost none of it was ever 
plowed, as was also true of similar 
«layey farms in the region. Under sheep 



and dairy farming the gross income 
seldom exceeded $500 to $700 per year, 
tho it then contained 145 acres instead 
of 116 as now. From 1.865 ot 1880 I 
farmed it chiefly with dairying, wheat, 
potatoes and clover, with fair income, 
and gradually tiled, up to date, over 
72 acres, with a total of over 17 miles 
of tile drains. In 1891 I returned to 
the farm after an absence of eleven 
years' professional work, during which 
period I had run the farm by corre- 
spondence and with more or less fre- 
quent visits, and with a good foreman, 
and extra help when needed. 

As to the "experiments," I have 
never attempted to prove what will not 
pay, but what will pay. I never believed 
that failures in farming are as in- 
structive to others as are successes. 
Any fool can fail. We want to know 
how best to succeed in nny given soil 
in any given circumstances. And so I 
have tested the things I firmly believed 
wouldi pay best under all my circum- 
stances; as, for example, tile drainage, 
as a basis for orcharding ahd for po- 
tatoes, wheat and oats in a clover ro- 
tation. I grow no corn, for I can grow, 
on the average, two bushels of pota- 
toes or four bushels of apples as cheap- 
ly as one of corn, since my soil and 
climate are not well adapted to corn 
except with heavy manuring, and its 
high local altitude gives fine "frost 
drainage" for apples. Dairying and 
milk shipping pay well for my neigh- 
bors, but I am absent so much that I 
make dairying a minor issue, ship no 
milk and simply sell a few fresh heif- 
ers, in the fall and winter usually, to 
my neighbors who ship milk. For sev- 
enteen years now I have kept careful 
accounts, with the above questions 
kept clearly in view, and have pub- 
lished them^for each calendar year, 
early the next January, as below, the 
several items being numbered for con- 
venience of reference in the remarks 
below. Here are the figures for 1907, 
given to the nearest dollar: 

GROSS INCOME OF FARM, 1907. 

1. Maple syrup $ 236 

2. Oats 194 

3. Wheat 177 

4. Apples and cider .-. 148 

5. Potatoes .... 88 

6. Baled hay 528 

7. Dairy, milk and butter and 
one year's growth and sale of 
heifers 256 

8. Pork and pigs sold or used... 32 

9. Wood .and ice used in family. 45 

10. Use of two houses, gardens, 
fruit, horses, etc 250 

11. Keeping of horse, and sun- 
dry small items 37 

12. Permanent improvements by 
farm labor, and charged to la- 
bor 65 



13. Total gross income, 1907 $2,056 

EXPENSES OF RfNNINC; THE FARM, 1907. 

1.4. Wages of foreman, cash....$ 432 

1.5. Same, house rent, garden, 
milk fruit, etc 120 

16. Second hand and extra labor. 177 

17. Physical labor of self 100 
days 150 

18. Cans, boxes and bags for syr- 
up and grain, and syrup 
bought 134 

19. Harvesting, twine and coal 

for threshing and baling .... 81 

20. Mill feed and grain for horses, 
cattle and pigs 126 

21. Taxes including road tax... 85 

22. Annual share of fire insur- 
ance 14 

23. Advertising and postage on 
wheat, oats, etc 23 

24. Clover, Hungarian and pota- 
to seed 61 

25. Commercial fertilizers 88 

26. Annual share of fencing and 
ordinary farm repairs 25 

27. Spraying materials 22 

28. Shoeing, and wagon, imple- 
ment and harness repairs . . 62 

29. Total expenses of running the 
farm, 1907 $1,600 

30. Net income of farm, above 

expenses. 1907 $456 

Remarks. — Nos. 4 and B, It has been, 

on the whole, the most disastrous crop 
year in ten years on my farm — see 10- 
year table below. Nor has it been so 
from any negligence on my part, so 
far as I can see, but from climatic 
causes beyond my control which caused 
almost a complete (comparative) fail- 
ure of apples and potatoes, usually my 
heaviest money crops and only a half 
crop of maple syrup. No. 6. Hay was 
my only good crop, the sales reaching 



$528, gross, besides keeping plenty to 
winter 16 head of horses and cattle. 
No. 7, 8, 9 and 10. I think it only fair 
to credit the farm as an investment, 
with all these.and lhey are put far be- 
low city and village rates. That is, to 
credit the farm with all that it pro- 
duces or furnishes, whether sold, or 
rented for pay, or used for the needs 
and comfort cf the family, or as part 
pay of hired help. No. 12. The labor in- 
volved here is charged below in the 
labor account, in Nos. 14-17 inclusive. 
No. 18. Considerable maple syrup had 
to be bought to fill paid orders accept- 
ed on the supposition that we were to 
have an avarag* crop, not a half crop 
as we really had. No. 20. Since we grow 
no corn and sell most of the oats we 
have to buy grain and mill feed for the 
live stock. Nos. 24 and 25. Since we 
sell so much hay, apples, etc., we have 
to buy considerable clover seed and 
c ommercial fertilizer 'to maintain and 
increase the fertility of the farm, aid- 
ed by the manure from some 16 to 20 
head of horses and cattle usually kept, 
and from all the straw. No. 17. My 
physical labor is charged, not mental 
and clerical labor in advertising, mak- 
ing wise sales, keeping accounts, etc. 
If I worked all the time at home and 
not simply one-third, I could hire far i 
less. Nos. 13, 29 and 30. The net in- 
come was only $456, or 4% percent on 
$10,000 — the lowest in ten years. See ' 
the table below: 

CROSS AND NET INCOME OF FARM AND OR- I 
CHARD. 

Entire Farm. 
Gross. Net 
$1,742 $539 
977 
1,504 
2,175 
2,365 
2,265 
826 
979 
1,610 
456 

Totals for 10 

year 34,544 13,696 12,674 

Averages for 
10 years. 3,434 1,370 1,267 888 
That is, the average net income for 
the farm for 10 years has been $1,370 
per year or 13.7 percent on $10,000,the 
real value of the "plant." Also from 
10 acres of bearing trees (400 trees) I 
the average net income has been $888, | 
or 88.8 percent on a valuation of $100 I 
per acre! Clearly the orchard is the j 
one thing that pays far the best on 
that farm. And when it nearly fails, 
as it did this year for the first time, 
it cuts in terribly on the gross and net 
income of the farm. Still if we had j 
no orchard we should put more time 
and more thought on other crops and 
on the dairy, and get more money from j 
them. — W. I. Chamberlain. Jan. 6, '08. 



The 



t A 




1898 

1899 

1900. 

1.901 

1902 

1903 

1904 

1905 

1906 

1907 



Orchard. 
Gross. Net. 
$213 



2,851 
3,186 
3,763 
4,665 
5,156 
3,372 
2,666 
4,887 
2,056 




8,877 



Hit Cattle Hare Good 
Range. 



A FEW FLORIDA OBSERVATIONS. 



To leave Cincinnati, with its snow 
and cold wind one evening, and to eat 
supper on the Florida gulf coast with 
open doors the next evening, is a , 
transformation that one can only fully 
appreciate after having experienced it. | 
The old Florida resident will hug a 
burning pine knot and tell you how 
much more severe their winters have 
become since the forests have been so ! 
largely removed. 

The razor-backed hog story, which is 
original with most of the Ohio farmers' j 
institute lecturers, is no story at all 
in Alabama and Florida. We felt sure 
of a snap shot picture of a three-legged 
hog at Cottondale. :\->... but the hog 
had been familiar wirti the village for 
probably a number of years and it was j 
not possible for us to keep in range. 
The home-grown hop is frequently seen 
butchered and hanging in the general 
store. The facial expression is most 
grewsome with the long tusks extoud- 
ing from the mouth. The body forma- 
tion more nearly resenbio-; tint of the 
weasel than the corn-fed hor. 

It was our privilege to meet Direc- 
tor Rolf of the Florida Experiment 
Station on the train from Pensacola to 
Jacksonville. He was returning home 
from farmers' institutes being held in 
the western part of the stpte. H? re- 
ports the work as being new and not 
thoroly organized, yet the possibilities 
are great. Mur'i capital will be re- 1 
quired to improve the land and inten- 1 
sive lines of special farming will be | 
the tendency rather than stock raising. 

Surrounding Quincy. thirty milee j 
west of Tallahassee, is a soil wall 



It seems queer 
that anybody 
should enjoy win- 
ter, doesn't it? It 
would be if win- 
ters in the Pan 
Handle country of 
•Northern Texas, Western 
Oklahoma and Eastern 
New Mexico were like the 
winters you know about. 
The Pan Handle farmer seldom sees 
snow and as for a hard freeze, well, he 
doesn't know what one looks like! He 
lives a free, outdoor life all year; 
makes good money and is happy. He 
is plowing in January and February. 
What are you doing then? He is plant- 
ing in February and March. Wouldn't 
you enjoy winter if you could do that? 

His children go to 
near-by schools as 
freely in winter as 
in spring and fall, 
and a two or three- 
mile drive to church 
on Sunday in winter 
is a pleasure. 

You can bet your 
bottom dollar he is 
glad his stock gets 
good range all year. It makes a big 
difference in profits if a man doesn't 
have to feed stock all winter and build 
warm shelter for them. That's how 
he's getting the best of you in winter. 
But he's better off than you are in 
summer, too. He bought his land at 
from $10 to $15 an acre. What did 
you pay for yours? He gets 20 bo 30 
bushels of wheat, 40 to 50 bushels of 
corn to the acre. What do you get? 

You couldn't get a Pan Handle farmer 
to swap places with you. It's no use 
to try. He knows when he's got a good 
thing. There's plenty of good, rich land 
in the Pan Handle selling at from $10 
to $15 an acre, — good, chocolate loam, 
4 to 8 feet deep, with clay subsoil and 
plenty of water. 

Why don't you go down and look 
around? 

It doesn't cost much — very low 
Homeseekers' fares are in effect each 
first and third Tuesday of each month 
to all points in the Pan Handle. Make 
the trip on the Rock Island-Frisco 
lines; they have four routes to the 
Fan Handle — each one goes thru a dif- 
ferent part of the country. 

I have got a lmok about T.-x.»s that's 
miKhty interesting reading! Another about 
Oklahoma! Still another about New Mexi- 
co! They will tell you a lot you want to 
know about the Pan Handle Country be- 
fore you go down there. Do you want one 
for nothing? 

Tli. Bock I«lan<1-Frisco Lines have no 
land for sale, and are only Interested In 
jr< tting good, energetic settlers for tho 
desirable, but unoccupied lands along 
their lines. 

I have chosen several sections where 
conditions are especially favorable for 
new settlers, and I am advertising 
these sections. If you would prefer some 
other section than the Pan Handle coun- 
try look for my advertisements In other 
Issues of this paper, or writ-- me for 
literature about the 
section you are most 
interested In. 

JOHN SEBASTIAN 

Pass. Traffic Mgr. 
1508 LaSalle Station 

C h icago . 111., or 
1508 Frisco Bldg., 
St. Louis. Mo. 




Jan. 11, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



adapted to tobacco culture on the in- 
tensive plan. Field' after field may be 
seen covered for the protection of the 
tobacco. Posts are placed in rows 
across the field to support mosquito 
netting in one system, and in the oth- 
er small narrow slats cover one-half 
the surface. The covering in ei<. .er 
case is high enough so that cultivation 
is not interfered with. The tobacco 
thus produced is thin in leaf and valu- 
able as a cigar wrapper. Hie first 
quality is now — orth $1.15- per pound. 
Such land is selling at $45 and higher, 
owing to distance from town. 

The Northerner is always impressed 
with many things characteristic of the 
south land, -such as cabins with no 
windows, double houses with an open 
entry or porch between them, under- 
pinned houses, chimneys and stair- 
ways on the outside with the charac- 
teristic pig kept out of the front door 
only by its hight above the gioimd. 
An old iron kettle is seen by every 
house, where water is heated for wash- 
ing, ani in places a number of such 
kettles may be seen by the side of a 
stream of water where the women go 
and visit while washing. 

Jacksonville, with its annual arrival 
of sixty thousand tourists, is distinct- 
ly cosmopolitan. The beaten path of 
the tourist is one of robbery and extor- 
tion, and Jacksonville is no exception. 
After buying fruit in Jacksonville we 
found the same grade of bananas and 
oranges to be twice as much per doz- 
en as in Cincinnati. All transportation 
from the south along the east coast is 
controlled by the Flagler interests, 
which it is claimed, accounts for high 
prices demanded by fruit sellers. No 
ocean vessels ply along the east coast 
and the Southern fruit grower in this 
rapidly growing district is at the mer- 
cy of the east coast canal or the single 
line of railway, both controlled by the 
same interests. 

Jacksonville, altho 25 miles south on 
the St. Johns River, is in touch with 
New York by a direct line of steam- 
ships. There is daily boat service more 
than 100 miles farther south on this 
beautiful stream, nearly to the most 
noted orange region of the world. 
Christmas in Jacksonville compares 
with the over-drawn picture of the 
Northern 4th of July, with whisky and 
fire crackers in the lead. — W. M. 
Cook, Preble Co., O. 



Patent. — I took out certain letters pat- 
ent and sold the same to a corporation. 
By the terms of the agreement I am to 
receive a certain sum per dozen on each 
and every article sold until the purchase 
price has been realized, an accounting 
to be made at the end of each year. The 
agreement further provides that the cor- 
poration shall pay not less than $100 at 
the end of the first year and $150 at the 
end of each subsequent year until the 
purchase price has been paid. The com- 
pany claims that it has not manufactured 
any of the articles and refuses to pay 
upon the ground that the clause provid- 
ing for the $100 payment and the $150 
payments is invalid. Can they be com- 
pelled to pay me? What notice must I 
send them, and when can I bring suit? 
P. T. L. — From the conditions that appear 
in your inquiry the company would be I 
liable to pay the sum of $100 at the end 
of the first year and $150 at the end of 
each subsequent year. It would not be 
necessary for you to render them any ' 
special form of account, and you can j 
bring suit any time after default is made. 
It is not safe! however, for you to proceed 
without submitting your entire contract to 
some competent attorney and securing 
his advice in regard to the matter, be- 
cause the whole contract is to be consid- 
ered in reaching a conclusion. — H. L. S. 

Timothy and Herd s Grass.— Give the 
relative feed value of timothy hay. and 
timothy mixed with a small amount of 
herd's grass. Does it lessen the value of 
timothv hay to have a small proportion 
of herd's grass in it? Sub.. Washington, 
O. — In Pennsylvania, the South, and in 
the Eeastern states, redtop is called 
herd's grass. The nutritive ratio of red- 
top or herd's grass is 1 to 10.2. and of 
timothy, 1 to 16.2. Redtop has 4.82 per- 
cent of protein and timothy only 2.89 per- 
cent. Hence redtop is really the most 
valuable feed— more nutritious. But on the 
market timothy grade? higher. The pres- 
ence of much redtop in timothy hay al- 
ways lowers its market value. Where 
there is only a little of it. it is not usually 
taken into account. 



Troy Chemical Co.. Binghamton. N. Y. 
— My fine Mohawk horse had a bad bone 
spavin about eight months. Tried other 
remedies without even relief, and finally 
heard of your cure. used a bottle, 
thought the' cure not quite complete, sent 
for second bottle. Used about a bottle and 
a half of "Save-the-Horse," and was 
about two months and a half doctoring 
him; he is completely cured, nimble as a j 
top; would take pleasure in showing him 
to any one. I worked the hor=e right along 
fit every kind of work, never tried to 
save him in the least. I consider this as 
bad a case of the kind as I ever saw. — 
1. L. Fribley, Fredoriektown. O. 



6 



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4—36 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan'. 11, 1908. 



LIVE STOCK 



OPEN-LOT, SHOCK-CORN CATTLE 
FEEDING. 



(Concluded from Dec. 21, 1907.) 

For several years a neighbor of ours 
has been getting in light stuff, weigh- 
ing around 800 lb., in the fall. These 
are roughed thru about. five months on 
straw or other roughage, with one feed 
of grain each day. After the five 
months are up, they are put on a full 
feed of shock corn for about four 
months, when they are turned off. Ow- 
ing to the low cost of the steers in the 
fall, the cheapness of the roughage, 
and the quality at the end of the peri- 
od, this method has proven exceeding- 
ly profitable. 

Many have asked the question, "Why 
not vary the feed with hay or straw?" 
Nice, clean straw is relished very 
much by the cattle and we feed it when 
we have it. Owing to the scarcity of 
hay, our horses used all our oat straw. 
That is why it does not appear in fig- 
ures following, the straw mentioned 
being used for bedding only. Hay, 
when fed in very small quantities, has 
always returned a fair price, but not 
enough to warrant its being fed at 
present quotations. Another of my 
neighbors reports most satisfactory re- 
mits from the use of clover and stock 
food .his gain being (if I remember 
correctly) 3.3 lb. per day during the 
month of February, which would cer- 
tainly pay out. 

The first week we had the cattle 
they were put on pasture, being fed 
about one-half of a shock the first 
clay, or about two and one-half baskets. 
This was gradually raised until they 
were given all they would eat the ears 
of, tho they very seldom cleaned up 
all the stalks. If a few ears were left 
it didn't matter, as the hogs got them. 
On cold days the amount would have 
to be increased, while as soon as it be- 
came warm they would not eat as 
much. The successful feeder must 
know his cattle and watch them. Each 
time a steer goes "off feed" or becomes 
dumpy, the profit is diminished. The 
only objection which many have to the 
method is the danger of turning them 
in to the feed; yet, if proper care is 
exercised a whole bunch seldom goes 
"off feed." Indeed, with our forty, only 
three were off during the entire time. 

During the last few months of feed- 
ing, many grind up ear corn, making 
corn-and-cob meal, which is fed in a 
self-feeder, the steers getting all they 
can eat. In some ways this is rather 
desirable as they often do very well on 
it, especially when oil meal is fed in 
connection. The danger lies in not 
having them on full enough feed when 
started at the feeder. Bran is some- 
times mixed in to lighten the ration 
during the first week. Yet, one dead 
steer throws a considerable amount 
over to the expense column. 

PROFITS. 

We figure that during the winter 
months we can feed a shock of corn at 
a slightly less cost than we can husk 
and haul the ears to market five miles 
away. Thus, if the feeding operation 
will return market price for the corn, 
it is better to feed than to sell, as the 
former alone will maintain soil fertil- 
ity. In our own case the cattle alone 
• 'id this, not counting interest on the 
investment or manure, besides giving 
a profit of $75.80 all gain upon the 
hogs being clear profit. We fed the 
forty on contract, buying them at $4 
per cwt. and selling them in 4 months 
at $5. We would thus get our pay, no 
matter how the market went. But the 
men who handled our bunch made $30 
on the transaction, so the price, both 
buying and selling, was fairly repre- 
sentative. More would have been made 
both by ihem and by Waugh, had the 
stuff been 200 lb. heavier a d of bet- 
tor quality. 

We fed approximately forty-four 
acres of corn — a little more than an 
acre per head. During the last month 
they ate over a bushel basketful apiece 
per day (40 lb.L In one field every 
other shock row was husked, the field 
being rented. This yielded 35 cwt. per 
aire, or 87 U bushel baskets (48 lb.), 
or 50 bushels (70 lb.) per acre. At our 
home market corn sold at from 50 to 
60 cents per cwt. I take 55c. or 37'. c 
ner bushel, as a fair value to place up- 



on the corn. Thus, the value per acre 
was placed at $18.75. 

During the winter one bull was put 
into the yard at $37, being lumped off. 
If I remember correctly, he was in the 
yard two months, weighing 1,160 lb. 
at the start. Before the cattle went he 
was sold at $3.75 per cwt. and weighed 
1,230 lb. The expense account is as fol- 
lows: 

40 steers, 40,180 lb. at $4 cwt.$l,607.20 
38 hogs, 4,700 lb. at $0 cwt.. 282.00 
Interest on $1,889.20 at6# for 4 

months 31.48 

10 loads of straw at $1 per load 10.00 

44 acres corn at $18.75 825.00 

1 bull 37.00 

Total $2,792.68 

While on the other hand the receipts 

were: 

40 cattle, 50,160 lb. at 5 cwt.. .$2,508.00 
4 hogs, 1,370 lb. at $6.25 cwt.. 85.63 
6 hogs, 1,200 lb. at $6.30 cwt. . 75.60 
28 hogs, 7,400 lb. at $6.85 cwt. 506.90 
1 bull, 1,230 lb. at $3.75 cwt.. 45.50 
250 loads of manure at 50c per 

load 125.00 



Total $3,346.13 

Thus it may be seen that the profits 
of the entire transaction were $553.45, 
or 62.7 cents were realized from each 
bushel of corn fed, or 25.15 cents more 
than market price. Such is surely 
profitable when one considers the facts 
that the corn cost no more to produce 
than if hauled away, that your fertili- 
ty is not depleted, but on the other 
hand is rather increased and that 
besides the profits, you have received 
wages for all work done. 

A word as to the value placed upon 
the manure. Experts agree that a load 
of manure spread out with a spreader 
is worth $1, and that a load spread by 
hand is worth 50 cents. It costs us 
about 32 Vl> cents a load to place our 
manure in a field, which was about 
half a mile from the buildings. This 
gives it a value of 6.75 cents per load, 
as it is left in tha yard, so I think 
the 50c estimate very conservative. 

I have tried to keep all the figures 
low, so as not to misrepresent the mat- 
ter in the least. Our case is not an ex- 
ception, but rather it is the rule. True, 
many others did not do as well, but 
there were some who did better. Tak- 
ing the matter as a whole, I really be- 
lieve that some of our experiment sta- 
tions might do some very valuable 
work along the line of shock-corn 
feeding. One test might be made with 
corn-and-cob meal in connection with 
shock corn, another with hay, and an- 
other with oil meal or stock food. How- 
ever, for the farmer who wishes to 
keep his farm up and to make a profit 
besides, even tho at the expense of 
some hard work, for feeding is no 
snap, I believe that this method is sec- 
ond to none. — Clyde A. Waugh, Wood 
Co., O. 



PIGS' TUSKS. 



The Ohio Farmer contains many in- 
teresting articles, but the article on 
"Pig Farming," No. 6, last November, 
is not fit for people to read — that part 
relating to the cutting off of the pigs' 
tusks with bullet moulds and forceps. 
It was disgusting. The writer said he 
did not find it necessary to use for- 
ceps as often when the sows were run- 
ning on bluegrass as' in the winter or 
spring, when they were not on grass. 
If he would commence feeding his 
sows half a pint of bone meal per feed, 
two or three days before farrowing, 
his sows would have milk (or confi- 
dence," as he calls it) and would lie 
still for the pigs to suck, and then 
they would not fight and injure each 
other with the drsaded tusks.. I re- 
member of neighbors who had just 
such trouble, and their sows would av- 
erage from 1 to 6 pigs per litter. In 
nine cases out of ten this is the result 
of the sovs not getting enough pro- 
tein in their feed while carrying their 
young, and they wtould have "wolf in 
the tail" (stomach, rather). In 30 
years' experience I have had no such 
experience. My <i farrow 10 to 15 
pigs at a litter twice a year. I have had 
a sow farrow 11 pips that weighed 4G 
lb. 42 days after birth. Vovo r had o 
sow that had sore teats Ha vn butch- 
ered pigs at 7% months 'old. that 
weighed 325 lb., and I do net keep my 
hogs fat either. Now It wn; all right 
for you to publish the article criti- 
cized, but you should have added a 
comment or correct ion. to prevent read- 



Try This For a Severe 
Cough. 

Take three-quarters of a pound 
of Granulated Sugar, and water, 
heat and stir until you have a 
thick syrup. Put 2% oz. of Pinex 
in a pint bottle and fill it up 
with the Granulated Sugar 
Syrup. Shake well and take a 
teaspoonful every one, two or 
three hours. 

The prompt results from this 
simple, home-made remedy will 
surprise you. It has been known 
to conquer a deep-seated cough 
in 24 hours. It is also an excel- 
lent thing for whooping cough, 
soreness of the lungs, bronchial 
troubles and other throat affec- 
tions. 

The proportion above sug- 
gested is enough to last a fam- 
ily a long time. It is equally ef- 
fective for young or old, and has 
a very pleasant taste. Well 
corked, it never spoils. It takes 
less than five minutes to pre- 
pare, and is very inexpensive. 
The 2% oz. of Pinex should cost 
you about fifty cents, and the 
Granulated Sugar about four 
cent3. 

Pinex, as you probably know, 
is the most concentrated form of 
Norway White Pine Extract. It 
is rich in guaiacol and other ele- 
ments that make the ozone of 
the pine forests so effective in 
curing throat and lung diseases. 

There are many pine tar and 
pine oil preparations, but none 
of these are to be compared with 
the pure Pinex itself. All drug- 
gists have it or can get it for 
you without trouble if requested. 



EFFECTUAL 

The most effectual remedy in use for 
the cure of ailments of horses and cattle is 

GOMBAULT'S 

CAUSTIC BALSAM 



Used as a Blister 
or Lotion. 




This preferred remedy is prepared ex- 
clusively by J. E. Gombault, ex-Veterinary 
Surgeon to the French Government Stud. 



As a ntMAX KFMFIiY for Khen- 
mat i*m, Sf>rialnn, Sore Xhroutj etc. ft 
is invaluable. 

Every bottle of CatiMtlc HaUam Bold is 
^Varrahtfil to tfive satisfaction. Price 
per bottle. Sold by drujrtrists or sent by ex- 
press, charges paid, with lull directions for its 
use. Send for descriptive circulars, testimo- 
nials, etc. Address 

THE LAWRENCE-WILLIAMS COMPANY, Cleveland, Ohio. 



Symptoms of Worms 

Your horse Iii\a worms If ho 
has miy of these symptom*: 
111 health — poor condition 
— roniita emit— senrvy dry 
■ kin— dandruff — itching — 
hide bound— p..t holly— col- 
d-Icy palua— bloating morn- 
ings — scouring — pawing — 
switching— rubbing tail — 

_~ Q p bad breath— (Us — nervouaneaa 

rba*— «ometimai constipation — mucous 
I rectum— «nfl the paisage of largo or 
worms or their ogg«. 

Fair's New Worm Remedy 




aroun 
s mall 

Dr. 



Kill* worms, bnt* and bowel parasites: can ho 
saf-ly fed to brood maro*. and Is a great tonic 
and conditioner. 

For 25c * 

fheTlmeiumaii] to] SI. 00 

Dr. Fair Veterinary Remedy Company, 
5712-5714 CARNEGIE AVE.. CIFVEIAND. 




ABS 




SHIRE, PERCHER0N, BEL6IAN, COACH & HACKNEY 

STALLIONS 

For thp next 30 days I will sell at my barn 
cheaper than any other firm in America, quality con- 
sidered. The reason I can sell cheaper is be- 
Cause my father lives in Europe and he can buy 
them for me and save all middlemen's profits. If 
you are thinking of buying a draft stallion of 
either of the above breeds, or a high-stepping 
Hackney or Coach Stallion, please write me or 
come and see my btock. and I will surprise you 

W.B.BULLOCK Mou ndsville, W.Va. 



fistula 

and ^ 



Any person, however Inexperienced, 
can readily cure either disease with 

Fleming's 
Fistula and Poll Evil Care 

— even bad old case* that skilled doctor 
have abandoned. Euhv and simple; n<_ 
cutting; junt a little attention every fifth 
day— and jour money refunded If It ever 
falls. Cores most enses within thirty days, 
leaving the horse sound and smooth. All 
particulars given in 

Flemings Veet-Pooket 
Veterinary Adviser. 
Beet veterinary book for farmers. Con- 
tains 192 pages and 69 Illustrations. Dor* 
ably bound in leatherette. Write as for 
a free copy. 

FLEMING BROS., Chemists, 
228 Union Stock Yards, Chkugo, 11L 



^ YEARVSTRAIH 



et us send pictures of harness in oi^e every 
day tor 20 years and still poocL Equal to best 
custom-made— will positively oat-wear any two 
sets of factory-made harness. We guarantee ail 
harness for 6 years. Always money back, with 
transportation charges, too. If you're not satis- 
fled. Catalog' free, l.uy A direct from maker, 
and save 25 percent* ]f\ Owego, Tioga Co., 
King Harness Co.. N. Y. 

G St. 



TOXALINE 

A CERTAIN REMEDY 

For Stomach and Lung Worms 

Quart Can, tl.50| for ~~> to :*(» Animals. 

Catalogue of Stockmen's Supplies free. 

1". S. UlltCH A CO., 177 I Hi ii.ii- St rwt. Chirac© 



JACKS 




net*, saddle her*** trot. 

nd |>nnrr. M»l I 
nd -China »nd Ti.m- 
Hi hf* ** ITS Uia 
lanrest rrcetieit and ItapOftaM 
Jacks in America and l.a\«*» Urpa 
stock of saddle stall tons and curat 
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Our ralalo* is the finest aver Is- 
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J. F. Cook&Co. Lexington. Ky. 

? » Branch Barn. Greenville. Tens 



HORSES, PONIES and MULES ! 

Tin- kind that made Ketitncky l«moni 100 head. 



Visit mv farm or writ*- f«>r 
J. K. BARBEK. Miller 



rc 



ant. and prl 

Kourbon C 



K) 




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If, years aalc. < *nr U< ftr.. rant 
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T».A.*u>> k*u.. j.i^,i.wi*o. 



You Can't Cut Out 

A ink; -1MM N or 
T1IOKOI (.11 PM, but 



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bor«o samp lime l»o«-«not bllateror 
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for catalog. 

WILLIAMS BROS.. Ithaca. N. Y.. 




LAND DRAIN TILE 



(C»R LOTS OMVi. 
«tHi:i|H* « J Maw* and l»rr« 

WILLIAM T. IWGEU CofMMV, 



Jan. 11, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



5—37 



ers from such inhuman practice. — S. 
W. Sevis, Knox Co., Q. 

Our correspondent must be exceed- 
ingly sensitive, or fastidious, to con- 
demn the article referred to — "Prof- 
itable Pig Farming, No. 6," by W. M. 
Cook — as "not fit for people to read," 
and as "disgusting." To be consistent 
he should also condemn castration, 
ringing, docking, spaying, dehorning, 
etc. Pinching off sharp-pointed teeth 
is nt»t anything like as severe or "in- 
human" as either of these operations. 
We have raised many litters of pigs 
ourselves and never had to pull or cut 
off tusks (or teeth), but we have 
known others who did. One of our best 
writers on swine management, years 
ago, recommended this very thing.The 
author of a small work called "Hog- 
ology," says: 

"One reason why the sow at times 
gets ugly, snaps, at her pigs, and fre- 
quently kills them, is that they have 

very sharp little teeth which they 

use pretty severely on the sow, and 

bite into the teat To prevent this, 

when a week old, break off these sharp 
teeth with a pair of forceps, which 
saves all this trouble and does the pigs 
no harm'" 

He further says that these teeth, es- 
pecially side teeth, are apt to grow in 
all directions, are very sharp and 
pointed, and if left as they are, grow 
so as to cut and hurt the lips of the 
pig when eating, and it does not thrive, 
as he does not eat the food he should. 
We could refer to other authorities 
who advise the same thing. Hence, ed- 
itorial "correction" of the article, when 
published, was uncalled for. A farm 
paper must publish the views, opin- 
ions, practice and experience of prac- 
tical farmers, even tho they do not 
agree with the editor's. Discussion of 
all matter upon which opinions differ 
must not be strangled. The truth can 
only be brought out in this way. If an 
editor never published anything he 
did not endorse, he would furnish 
a "one man paper," of the smallest 
usefulness. He should, however, refuse 
to publish anything that he absolute- 
ly knows is wrong or incorrect, or 
would lead readers into wrong prac- 
tice and opinion. 



WINTERING THE RAM. 



Few flock owners, I fear, fully com- 
prehend the great importance of 
maintaining the ram in a strong, vig- 
orous condition. After the breeding 
season is over many flock owners think 
that the ram from that time on is a 
star-boarder and the more cheaply he 
can be wintered the better for the 
grain bin and pocketbook. Right here 
is where many a flock owner lays the 
foundation to a whole lot of his trou- 
ble in trying to make sheep raising a 
profitable enterprise. The fact is too 
frequently overlooked that the ram is 
half the flock, just as much when be- 
ing held over as when being employed 
as a lamb getter. It can not be expect- 
ed that a male, no matter whether of 
animal or plant life, can vigorously re- 
produce unless fully and properly de- 
veloped. 

Winter is indeed a very trying sea- 
son on the ram. The breeding season 
having just closed, he is well-nigh 
overworked. Not only is his productive 
system low in vitality, but the strain 
of the past few weeks has wrought 
general destruction to the tissues and 
sinews of the entire body. If he re- 
gains normal condition it is obvious 
that he must have even better food and 
care than before entering upon his du- 
ty. The winter months naturally are 
sluggish and inactive months for the 
ram. He should be cared for as tho he 
was your fancy driving horse, giving 
him the "best the farm can afford," 
that his system may be restored to 
normal condition as early as possible. 
I always like to get my ram up into 
presentable condition just as soon as 
possible after the breeding season has 
closed so that in case I am not going 
to use him another year, I may dispose 
of him. I find there is always some 
flock owners who are on the lookout 
for investments whenever they find the 
right kind of goods, and not infre- 
quently can the ram be disposed of 
soon after the breeding season is over. 

The future usefulness of the ram is 
in no small measure dependent upon 
the care received during the winter af- 
ter being removed from the flock. I 
have known of several very valuable 
and useful rams that were used as 



yearlings and neglected during the 
few months following their removal 
from the flock, and practically ruined. 
Two of these rams I sold and of course 
had considerable interest in their fu- 
ture, but neglect will kill the prepo- 
tent qualification of an: male regard- 
less of all other conditions. Flock- 
owners who purchase, ram lambs for 
breeding purposes should give them 
the best attention during the winter 
months as their premature service not 
infrequently impairs their prepotent 
ability. Sometimes ram lambs of con- 
siderable promise when young are 
possessed of less promise when older, 
brought about largely from improper 
care and feed during the latter stages 
of developing. 

It is a general practice with a large 
number of flock owners to allow the 
ram to remain with the flock during 
the winter months and pay little or no 
attention to providing additional nour- 
ishment to recruit his system up to 
normal condition. This is indeed a 
very unwise practice. It not infre- 
quently happens that a ewe or two will 
fail to breed. These ewes irritate the 
ram and it retards his restoration to 
normal condition. In time this strain 
will lay the foundation of disease | 
which may terminate fatally. I do not 
consider it a wise practice under any 
condition to allow the ram twith the 
flock after the breeding season is over. 
It is far better for both ram and ewes 
to uccupy separate pens. 

The feed and care the ram receives 
during the winter months may deter- 
mine his future usefulness. If low in 
flesh condition, attention should ,be | 
directed toward compounding a ration 
possessing a tendency to cause taking 
on flesh. I do not want my ram to re- 
cruit up in flesh condition too rapidly 
even tho he is below normal. Loose 
flesh is of no value to a ram that is 
intended for breeding purposes. What 
additional flesh the ram carries should 
be of a firm, compact character. I feed 
my rams that have been employed the 
previous season in the flocks a ration 
of one part corn, two parts oats and 
one part bran, with a small addition of 
oil cake. If the ram seems to be tak- 
ing on flesh rapidly the corn is left 
out. For roughage, clover hay, bean 
pods, corn stover and oat straw should 
be fed to supply variety. 

Exercise is one of the very essential 
requisites in the successful winter 
management of the ram. Shutting the 
ram in a box stall during the winter 
is inhuman treatment, and something 
any flock-owner should feel it a dis- 
grace to practice. I have seen valuable 
rams practically ruined because of lack 
of exercise during the winter months, j 
I find it an excellent practice to have 
a stationary place in the barn purpose- 
ly for the ram, with a large spacious 
yard adjoining where he can exercise 
at will. As soon as the breeding sea- 
son is over I place my stock rams in I 
this permanent pen where they re- 
ceive the best of care until either sold 
or employed for another year. If any 
flock-owner fails to secure a good lamb 
crop this season don't blame the ram, 
but yourself. — Leo C. Reynolds, Shia- 
wassee Co., Mich. 



The kind of Hogs to Keep.— C. E. 
A.. Herkimer Co., N. Y., would like to 
know whether it will pay him to dis- 
card the Chester Whites and use a 
cross between the Polands and Durocs. 
It will not pay you to make a change. 
There is no better hog than the Ches- 
ter White, in a dairy region where 
hogs are not raised in large numbers. 
The most profitable bunch of hogs I 
ever raised were Chester Whites, but 
it was when I was in the- dairy busi- 
ness and did not raise so many as we 
do now. I think where so many are 
kept together, as with us, the colored 
hog is the best; they will stand bunch- 
ing up better than white ones, on ac- 
count of having a tougher skin, not so 
susceptible to scurvy and other kin- 
dred diseases. — W. S. Tomlinson, De- 
fiance Co., O. 



Right of Way. — A and "R own adjoin- 
ing farms. A has been renting a right of 
way on B's farm for several years, but B 
now refuses to let A go thru.B has be- 
come involved financially and a receiver 
has been appointed to take charge of his 
property and the receiver refuses to let 
A go thru the farm. Is there anything for 
A to do to force a right of way? V. C. B. 
— A can not compel either B or the re- 
ceiver to grant him a right of way thru 
the farm if he can not asrrefl with them 
concerning the matter. — H. L. S. 



Your Profits Are Cut 

At FOUR Points by ABORTION 

1 . You Lose Calves, thus preventing a natural increase In your herd. 

2, ^ on Lose MUk, a direct money loss. 

:;. Yon Lohc Gown, for an unprofitable cow must be disposed of, or she eats 

her head on% a loss in either case. 
4. You Loss Time and Labor in caring for a diseased cow, besides running 

the risk of infecting the entire herd. 
You can stop all this loss by Stamping* put the disease with Dr. David Bobeits' 
Ant I -Abortion Scrum Treat merit. You can administer the treatment yourself. 

This Is what Dr. A. 8. Alexander, of the Wisconsin Experimental Station says In 
reply to an Inquiry In regard to the Roberts' Treatment for Abortion: >•] musl 
con less that I cannot prescrlbeanythtng for con taKiouB abortion that g Ives M BOOd 
results as those obtained from the use of Dr. David Roberts' Antl-A b< rth n 
which to mj knowledge has succeeded where thorough application of un anti- 
septic treatment advised by me had failed 
to stay or prevent the disease. His other 
remedies are also reliable and worthy of 
extended use by stockmen." 

Your herd may be Infected with abortion 
without showing positive symptoms. If 
there Is a falling oil In the How cf milk or 
In the quality. If your cows ore run down 
or are out of condition, you ought to ex- 
amine them and make tests for Abortion. 
Even If they are In apparent gooo condi- 
tion, one or more of them may have the 
germs of contagious abortion In the sys- 
tem. It w ill cost you nothing to find out 
if your cows are atreeted. and the sooner 
you make the test the more you will jave 
In time and money. 

Ask for * »Tbt Practical Rom Yet#rfBartan. M It 

tells all about abortion : bow to detect It and how to 
stampltout. it I* FUSE. 'I his book Is the published results 
of Dr. David Roberts' twenty ycarsexperlments and veter- 
inary experience with the disease of Abortion. It is a $1.00 
cloth bound book. Cut out the coupon below and send it today w ith 10e post- 
age. If you send at once we will put you on the tree list of "Tin- I Lttlf 
Specialist," a monthly live stock journal. 

± 051ll\e UtUirailiee AlK ,rlh.n in e*»>ry casr where P.. Roberts' ai.i ; 
Abort Inn Scrum Sh u>.pu an dl rcrtrd In » 'Tho f'ructh-al Home Veterinarian." Id COM 
of failure we return the cost »f treatment. 

A public recognition of Dr. Roberts' thoroughness and eminence as a vet- 
erinarian was his recent appointment as State Veterinarian of Wisconsin, 
one of the greatest dairy states. The fact that hundreds of herds bare heeo tue- 
eessfnlly treated — not one unsuccessfully— tells why wo can guarantee the 
treatment. Send the Free Rook Coupon while you have it In mind. The 
book is a complete guide in treating all live stock diseases. 
Dr. David Roberts Veterinary Co., 021 Orand Ave., Waukesha, Wls.j 




(PRACTICAL 
[HOME 
(VETERINARIAN 



$1.60 Free 

BOOK COUPON 



DK. DAVID ROBERTS VETERINARY CO., 921 lirand Ave., Waukesha. Wis. 

I own cows horses hogs sheep poultry. Please send mc J 

FREE the "Practical Home Veterinarian. I enclose 10c for postage. 

Name ' 



P. O State 

Also send "The Cattle Specialist" FREE for one year. 




You Can't Be Fooled 

When you buy Carey's Roofing — the 
ONLY one standard grade and uniform 
quality Roofing. Both buildings shown 
here — the massive, million dollar Pierce 
Building, in St. Louis, and the modest 
barn of James Marron, of Canton, 111., 
are covered with 

CAREY'S 825 ROOFING 

Mr. Marron writes: "My barn was covered with Carey's Roofing, laiel over old 
Shingles, nine years ago. It looks as if it would last nine years longer." 

Carey's Roofing contains no paper to rot, no pitch to melt, nor gravel to wash off. 
It is made of best felt, highly tempered asphalt compound and fire-resisting cement — 
all of our own manufacture. Our patent lap covers and protects nailheads 
making the only perfect roofing joint. 

Don't be deceived. Accept no roofing said to bo as 
"good as Carey's." For your own protection, you 
Should write to us direct BKFORE you bay and we 
will tell you where and how to get Carey's. 

Free Sample and Booklet sent upon request. 

THE PHILIP CAREY CO, 



Sole Manufacturers 
27 Wayne Ave., Cincinnati, O. 




ThB G©B®brated De Loach Mill 

We Set (he Pace 
—Others do the 
Best They 
Can 

5 A 15-year old 
sy can orerate 
uccasafully. 
ro hands cut 
D feet per day. 
X) mi lis in use 
world over. 
VnriaWe Feed. Friction 
et Work-. Automatic- 8ue\ Tri- 
td Diamond Trnck produce 
,...o with other mills. Send for 
catalog of Saw Mills op to 30 H. P., Steam Fnt-ines 
ad Boilers. Ga*o!inr Kncincw, Portable Corn and Feed 
-. Planers. Shingle Hills. Wood Saws and Water 
Wheels. Prompt shipment and we pay the freight. 
DeLOACU MILL MI G. CO., liox J5U, BKLDGLI'ORT, AjLA. 



The 

World's 
Standard 
for 20 
Years 




Sharon Valley Stock Farm 




G. W. Crawford. Prop., 
NewarK, Ohio. 

The great barns of the noted stork farm at Newark, 
Ohio, contain a fine lot of choice BELGIAN and PER- 
CHERON and GERMAN COACH stallions and mares. 

Running in age from 1 to 5 years, weighing from 1.500 
to 2.100 lb. All horses are for sale on reasonable terms. 
Cash or bankable notes of 1, 2 and 3 years. 

The right tyrfes can be found at the Sharon Valley 
Stock Farm which is located IVi miles west of the 
courthouse. Intending purchasers send for catalog. 
Bell phone 651 W; Cit zens' phone 266. 
Yours, 

G. W. CRAWFORD, NewarK, Ohio. 



COMBINED ENGINE AND Mill for farmers who wish to Jo their own grinding. 
The cheapest, most efficient, and best outfit ever put upon the market. 
Will crush from 12 to 15 bushel of earn corn per hour, and 

GRIXD A.LL KINDS OF GRAIN 

Fully guaranteed. 50 styles and sizes Write for New Catalogue 

THE FOOS MFG. CQ. E °* 117 Springfield, Ohio 



G— 38 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 11, 1SCS. 



1 THE DAIRY 



MAINE DAIRYMEN'S MEETING. 



The dairymen of Maine recently 
held a very successful meeting at 
Which all branches of the industry 
were represented. Farmers, dairymen, 
dairy produce buyers and creamery- 
men joined in the discussion of sub- 
jects vital to the industry, u. S. Mer- 
rill, state dairy instructor, pointed 
out that great advancement had been 
made by the dairymen of the state 
durlDg the last few years. The quality 
of products was better and better 
prices had been received. He advoca- 
ted a few changes and improvements. 
Ho suggested more rigid inspection t>f 
dairies and an educational campaign 
to teach the advantages of sanitary 
practices in barn and dairy, advantages 
of better care of milk and selection 
and breeding of cattle. He strongly 
advocated the introduction of cow 
test associations, which would lead to 
higher types of cows. 

Summer feed, soiling crops and 
management of forage, were discussed 
by several prominent speakers. One 
Maine dairyman told how he had made 
an acre of ground feed one cow for 200 
days by rotating corn, oats and peas, 
and clover, two years. He made si- 
lage of the corn and cured the other 
crops. Several advocated the use of 
more clover, oats and barley. A spe- 
cial feature of the meeting, and one 
which other similar meetings would 
do well to provide, was a talk upon se- 
lection of commercial feeding stuffs. 
Prof. Woods of the Maine Experiment 
Station, handled the subject very in- 
telligently. He computed the feeding 
value of different classes of common 
feeds at current prices In the state, us- 
ing cottonseed meal as the basis for 
protein and corn as the basis for car- 
bohydrates. He made all computa- 
tions before the audience, and showed 
that the feeding value of timothy hay 
is less than its commercial value; clo- 
ver hay, corn silage and corn stover 
were considerably more; oats were so 
far below that the economy of feeding 
was questionable. Cottonseed meal was 
a staple source of protein; the better 
the quality the more economical. 
Wheat bran was too high in price, and 
there was a tendency to substitute mo- 
lasses or some saccharine feed in its 
place. 

Dr. G. M. Whittaker, U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, discussed the 
why and how of cleaner milk. He said • 
that dirt and bacteria are insepara- 
ble; and too much of either or both is 
responsible for all the agitation 
against milk. Milk is peculiarly sus- 
ceptible to infection and will carry nu- 
merous disease germs. 'Recognizing 
tfiis fact, the "how" of pure milk lies 
in keeping it clean. This requires 
cleanliness about the stable and milk 
room, clean utensils, periodical test- 
ing for tuberculosis, healthy cows and 
healthy attendants. To secure all this 
requires inspection. Inspection should 
not be viewed with suspicion but 
should be assisted and encouraged. In- 
spection should be reasonable and 
practical, and not impose undue hard- 
ship on any one. The score card was 
advocated with publication of best 
scores. Mr. Whittaker scouted the ad- 
visability of aeration, but was in fa- 
vor of closing the cans tight as soon 
as possible after milk was drawn. 

Dr. Smead discussed common veter- 
inary troubles in the dairy herd. He 
said the most common ailment was 
sterility, produced most frequently by 
not breeding at the first rail of nature, 
or improper feeling. Cows that were 
turned to poor pasture to shift for 
themselves were most apt to become 
sterile. The speaker did not approve 
of pressing the cow so hard for milk 
production, but favored more attention" 
to keeping the "machine" in repair. 
He condemned high feeding when cow 
was in milk, and neglect when she was 
dry. The cow fed generously and wise- 
ly the year round, is the cow that is 
profitable in both production and re- 
production. The calf should have 
whole milk the first month. Five per- 
cent milk should be diluted with wa- 
ter and not sklm-milK. Skim-milk 
caused dyspepsia and as the first 
month is the formative period, feed- 
ing should be carefully done. Scours 
can often be prevented by milking out 



the ropy milk that is often secreted be- 
fore calving time. The cow should be 
watched and if the milk is ropy she 
should be milked out regularly until 
calving time. 

A good milk and butter contest was 
held in connection with the meeting, 
the winning milk scoring 98, and but- 
ter in prints and tubs scoring 98 and 
97 % respectively. — M. B. Aiken, Penob- 
scot Co., Me. 



THE SILO. — I. 



niSTOUY OF THE SILO AND ENSILAGE. 



(This paper is the first of a series 
of articles on silos and silage by a suc- 
cessful farmer and stock feeder who 
has made the subject a study and is 
deeply interested in the silo as a prac- 
tical farm building, and the silage as 
his most economical feed.) 

The silo came into the United States 
slowly at first. A few years ago there 
was a general awakening, however, 
and not an agricultural gathering was 
deemed complete without several spir- 
ited discussions upon the silage ques- 
tion. It had a great many enemies, at 
first, the greatest of which were the ex- 
orbitant claims made for it. These 
claims were not tempered by enough 
practical use, but resulted from one or 
two years' successful trials and uncon- 
fined imaginations. The last few years 
have seen great changes. The silo is 
now an established necessity and is 
here to stay. Many different forms are 
in use, the variety furnishing types to 
suit all needs and conditions. 

In Egypt, centuries ago, a form of 
silo was used to store grains in. In dry 
countries they were made air-tight by 
sealing with masonry. In others, where 
dampness was liable to interfere, they 
were ventilated. But in all the idea was 
the same; to store grain', from times 
of plenty to possible famines. There 
seem to be no records of green matter 
being stored in this way at that time 
and not until 1780 do we find anything 
of this nature. At that time a man 
named Simonds tells of the Italians 
following such a system. From Italy \ 
the idea spread westward into Ger- j 
many and England, getting a decided 
hold about 1840, or somewhat earlier. 
To us here in America, where mechan- 
ical ingenuity has contributed so much 
to the perfecting of a good, cheap silo, 
these early attempt appear very crude 
indeed. The idea was the same in near- 
ly every instance. Huge casks were 
filled, a little at a time, salted and 
firmly packed down, and the top se- 
curely sealed in some way. Most of 
the silos at that time, however, were 
square or rectangular holes dug in the 
ground. These were boarded up and 
a hard clay bottom made. The grass- 
es or vetches were then put in and 
salted some. The silo was filled grad- 
ually, and, when full, was salted well 
and covered with boards. Over the 
board covering two feet of earth 
was well packed. In this way a 
food was prepared which the early 
writers tell us was greatly relished by 
cattle. Several early reports were 
made in England and it was consid- 
ered a good feed. 

Silos were introduced into the Uni- 
ted States in 1875 when two were 
erected in Michigan. The following 
year several were found in different 
states. The first silos were either of 
stone or brick, the walls being very 
thick and the silos built square. These 
did not prove satisfactory and were too 
expensive, so wood was soon made to 
take the place of the stone. The square 
form was still adhered to and most of 
them were built inside of another 
building. These were very satisfactory 
and, being on the inside, that form of 
structure could be built quite strong. 
About 1884 two square, wooden silos 
were built at the Michigan Agricultur- 
al College, and they were in constant 
operation until two years ago. 

Following these first attempts. came | 
years of discussion and experimenting. | 
until, today, it is generally agreed that 
the silo is a profitable investment.both 
for the large and the small farmer. 
From the square, cheap frame inside, 
we have, in 30 years, produced the 
strong ornamental farm building that 
is found everywhere upon thousands 
of thriving American farms. Experi- 
ments to determine the practicability 
of silage have given place to others 
trying to get at the most serviceable 
and rheapest type of silo, best crops to 



Lost Strayed i 
Stolen— One Gow 



That is about what happens each year 
(or the man who owns five cows and 
does not use a Tabular cream sepa- 
rator. He loses in cream more than 
the price of a pood cow. The more cows 
he owns the greater the loss. This is a 
fact on which Agricultural Colleges, 
Dairy Experts and the best Dairvmen 
all agree, and so do you if you use a 
Tubular. If not, it's high time you 



did. Von can't afford to lose the price 
Of one or more cows each \ car— there's 
no reason why you should. Get aTu- 
bular and get more and better eream 
out of the milk ;save time and lalior and 
nave warm sweet skimmed milk for the 
calves. Don't buy some cheap rattle- 
trap thing called a separator; that 
won't do any good. You need a real 
skimmer that does perfect worb.skims 
clean, thick or thin, hot or cola; runs 
easy; simple in construction: easily 
understood. That's the Tubular ana 
there is but one Tubular, the Khar- 
pics Tubular. Don't you want our 
little book "Business Dairvmen," and 
our Catalog A. 101 both free? A postal 
will bring them. 

The Sharpies Separator Co. 
West Chester, Pa. 
Toronto, Can. Chicago, III. 



lib THIS NEW LOW D0WH 
AMERICAN 
=CREAM= 

SEPARATOR 

Guaranteed to skim closer 
than any separator in the 
world. Sold direct from 
the factory. We are the 
oldest exclusive manufac- 
turers of hand separators 
In America. You save all 
agents', dealers' and even 
mall order house profits. 
We have the most liberal 
30 DAYS' TRIAL, frelent 
prepaid offer. Write lor 
It today. Our new low 
down waist liiRh separa- 
tor Is the finest hlirlie>t 
quality machine on the 
market; no other 
separator compares 
with it in close skim- 
ming, ease of clean- 
ing, easy running, sim- 
plicity, strength or qual- 
ity. Our own (the manu- 
facturer's) long term 
guarantee protects you 
on every AMERICAN 
machine. Don't buy a 
separator from any 
agent, dealer or mall 
order house: don't 
make any contract or 
agreement; don't ac- 
cept any m ach lne 
finally unUl you run a 
few gallons of milk 
through our new com- 
fortable waist high 
AMERICAN. Use it every day for a month and sec 
how it outclasses every other machine. We can 
ship Immediately. Let us send you our new Cream 
Separator offer. It's different from any other, Just 
as our new waist high AMERICAN Is miles in ad- 
vance, years ahead of any other separator In the 
world. Write for our gTcat offer and handsome free 
catalogue on our new waist high model. ADDRESS, 

AMERICAN SEPARATOR COMPANY 

Box 1060. Balnbrldge, New York. 





you u -!u r y INVESTIGATE 

The "I ull-lengfh" Slave 

The Indiana Silo 

a ouAiAvrriD si to. Quality of mi- 
serial an 1 construction— ths aaax. 

SAVE MONEY 

Special Oifcr to 
tarly Buyers 

Wo own our own "null.," at Merrill, 
Mil... In th. fln.it Fina and Cypraaa 
l-<*ll In thii country, i .Ulocoe and a 
cony of "Taa Sua Adt.<atb KKLK. 
•*- WHITE FOB CATALOGUE. 

INDIANA SILO CO. 
304 Union HUlg. Anderson, Ind. 



The Great Western 

skims closest because 
it follows most closely 
every law of nature, 
assisted by artificial 
forces in the most ef- 
fective way. 

It is Ball-bearing 
which means easy run- 
ning — has low down 
large Supply Tank— 
The Crank is just the 
ight to make 
the machine 
turn easy, 
s run in oil — prao 
ly self-oiling and 
vide base to catch 
le waste. 

[ade as accurately 
s a watch and r.s 
rong as our Great 
'estern. Manure 
preader. 

Increases your 
yield of cream 
and butterS15 per 
cow each year, 
•--k your dealer about 
The Great Western and 
don't let him work any sub- 
....... w t .mo vy.i jvu. It's your money you are 

Boing to spend you should insist on having the best. 

1 he Greal Western is Ihe world's best. 
,_WtUe j ust these words in a letter:— " Send me 
Tnrift Talks.' by a farmer, andyonr bo 3k No 2*')l 
which tells all about the breeds, dairying, tue'eare 
of milk, etc." They are free. Write now 

SMITH MFG. CO., 158 Harrison St., Chicago, ID. 




•titute came on you 




fRoId 
with orwith 
out elevator.) 
CRUSH ear com (-urithorteil 
out ehneks) and CRIniO all kinds of 
email (.-rain. Uas Conical Shape 
Grinder*. Different from all othora 

LIGHTEST 

RUNNING 

Handy to operate. 7 sizes— 

2to£>h. p. Olio tuzo for wiud- 
wheel use. 

Also make Sweep Grinder* { 
both Geared and Plain. 

K. N. P. Bowsher Co. 

SOUTH BEND, 

mo. 





The Big Feeder 

'wants a fast grinder. Listen here: 50 bushels r 
an hour ground uniform. Cob as fine as 
grains, reduced gradually by shearing and 
cutting, with this 

CORN BELT MILL 

It's the mill for business. 
Grinds anything. Better 
principle, better made, better 
work and takes less power 
than any other. Alsolarger 
and smaller power mills and 
the champion sweep 
mill of the U. S. 

Write for catalog 
before you buy. 
20 Da.nl to try It. 
Spartan Mia. Co. 

l070Ma!n St., 

Pontiac, III. 





TRY THIS MILL 

tO Days Free., 

I will send any responsible 
farmer one of 

DITTO'S 

Latest Oouble Cut. 
Triple-Geared 
Ball-Bearing 

Feed Grinders 

On Ten Days Trial— No Money In Advance. 

If It doe-a not grind At leas t 90% more ear-corn or 

vt her grai u than any other two horse fveep mill 
made, send it Iiack at hit expense. Don't mtn* 
this offer. Bail-bearing throughout. Only 10 ft- 
sweep. Light draft. Grinding ring* never trmrh 
each other— they last for years. lioth grinder? 
revolve, self cleaning. Ask for no* Catalogue. 

C M. Ditto, Box 3Uoltcf. MK, 





Grinder 



AN EAR 

Corn 

[for Heat power. Will grind ear earn o? 
any kind of small grain Id: o Ideal feed. 
Can be regulated to suit power. Larger 
mills for stronger power. Sweep milU. 
iplc and geared. Write for booklet, 
:es and guarantee. 

The Star Mtn. Co. 

|0 Drpot St. New Lexington. Ohio 



For Sale or Exchange 

rented: will rerolntlnnlie batter makinr. Rare 
chance for money m.klnc. For particular* ad- 
drcaa C. VI. RUN VAN. Canal Hover. Ohio. 



to. 
Down 
Supply 
Tank 



Save $20 to $50 

Send tor OUT Free Catalog 
No. 11* and Buy Your 

CREAM aH We Manufacture the Davis ; 

SEPARATOR 

FROM OUR MONEY-SAVING FACTORY 

I 4aaW_ The Davie Crtm Separator la the hlph-irrade. wt ninnlnd machine that l.aoM 



. enrloaod c-pa.ru, and only cream separator bowl 

rtt ncceepary to balance It with lead or port 
in wberci.v Von pave rao to wV on the price of . 



P.y^L territory. Re the flr>t to write f mm your i. w n l.y aendiru; . eweeat a«r la . 
The ^lr:irr eay. "Sand mo your monayaavlag catalog No. 1 i 7.'* 
[ Frelghl 

Davis Cream Separator Co, 5 1\V N. Clinton St.. Chicago 



Jan. 11, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



7—39 



Baby Laugh 



It belongs to health for 
a baby to eat and sleep, 
to laugh and grow fat. 

But fat comes first; 
don't ask a scrawny 
baby to laugh; why, 
even his smile is pitiful ! 
Fat comes first. 

The way to be fat is the 
way to be healthy. 

Scott's Emulsion 

is the proper food, 
but only a little at first. 

All Druggist*; 50c. and $1.00. 



PERFECT POTATO 
PLANTING 

Every farmer knows the importance 
of proper potato planting. Here's a 
machine that does it perfectly. Has 
none of the faults common with com- 
mon planters. Opens the furrow- 
perfectly, drops the seed 
correctly, covers it uni- 
formly , and best of aU 
never b r u i 
pun c tu re 
seed. Send 
postal for 
our 1908 
free 
Book. 



BATEMANMFG, CO., Box i03pGrenloch, N.J a 



r 



The Mill on the Farm 

. Every farmer needs a good feed mill 
for grinding corn meal, all kinds of feed, 
cracking corn, etc. Here's an opportu- 
nity to get the best mill made at a rea- 
sonable price and on trial fortwo weeks. 
Write for free catalogue describing 

MONARCH 
Feed Mills 

This booklet gives lots of 
honcLt a'lvice on milling 
methods, and tells just 
what kind 
of a mill 
you need. 
Sprout, Waldros 
S Co. 

P. 0. B0XS5S, 
MUHCT. PA. 






MAPLE EVAPORATORS 

Moat Durable. Most Economical. Cheapest. 
Syrup Cans and Sap Pails. Also Manufacturers of 
the "Sunlight," Acetylene Gas Machine. 
McLANE-SCHANCK HDW. CO.,Linesville,Pa. 



EXCELL 



IRON 
and 




STEEL & SIDING 

Direct To You from our own factory 
at lowest factory prices. We are man- 
ufacturers and handle no 2nd hand 
nor short length stuff. Every part of 
our roofing" and siding is made in our 
factory from genuine Charcoal Iron, 
Double Refined Puddled Iron or Steel. 
Put on the kind of root that wears. 
Ours is guaranteed.' If itisn'tthe best 
you can buy any where, don't pay tor 
it. Easy to lay. No experience needed. Tell 
MS about your building and let ua quote you 
factory prices. Write for Metal Goodi Catalog 
. It Is free. 

THE UNITFD FACTOPIFS CO. 
^ Dept.R2l Cleveland, O. i 



Take 




Write for Circulars 
and Prices to 

F.E. Myers &Bro. 

Ashland, Ohio 



YERS 



PUMPS 



U A V » U0K 

HANGERS 

TOOLS 



I THE "KANT-KLOG" SPRAYERS 

I Something New. Gets twice the results with* ame labor 
I and fluid. Flat or round, fine or coarse sprays from same 
^h)MHMm« 0k Nozzle. Ten styles. For trees, vines, 

vegetables, whitewashing, etc* 

Agents 
Wanted. 

Booklets free. 




put into them, and various methods of 
filling. These will be treated in future 
papers. — John Bowditch, Jr., Hillsdale 
Co., Mich. 



TESTING DAIRY COWS. 



We, the farmers of this vicinity 
•will have to have our cows tested un- 
der the tuberculin process, or we will 
not be allowed to deliver our milk to 
the city milkmen, to be offered for 
sale. They have appointed a veterin- 
arian to make the tests for us, and we 
will be charged from two to five dol- 
lars per head. Now will we have to pay 
any sum they ask or is there a fixed 
state price? Are we obliged to pay the 
expense at all? We object to the city 
ordinance compelling us to submit to 
the test and inspection and pay the 
charge for the same. We consider it 
an imposition to submit to their clause 
prohibiting the sale of our milk unless 
the cows have been inspected. Will you 
please also state whether the results of 
the test will be such as to make the 
cattle ILat pass the test immune to 
the further infection from tuberculous 
germs? — D. W., Lorain, O. 

For 10 years past the cows belong- 
ing to this Station have been subject- 
ed once each year to the tuberculin 
test. This is done under no compul- 
sion except that of the costly experi- 
ence of having an outbreak of tubercu- 
losis in the herd, before the testing 
was begun, which resulted in the loss 
of some 30 cattle. After that experi- 
ence we disposed of all animals react- 
ing to the tuberculin test, disinfected 
our barns, and every year since have 
repeated the t a St, just as we would re- 
new a fire insurance policy. Our herd 
remains free from disease, and we pro- 
pose to keep it so. We would no more 
undertake to keep a valuable herd of 
catMe w'thout having them thus tested 
than we would omit the insurance of 
our homes. 

The latest investigations in 'respect 
to the danger of communicating tuber- 
culosis to human beings thru the milk, 
support the belief that there is great 
danger of such communication, espe- 
cially in the case of infants. Without 
respect, however, to the • question 
whether we would be willing to' stand 
responsible for the death of the little 
ones who might be fed upon the milk 
furnished by our cows, and looking at 
the matter from a purely mercenary 
standpoint, we would gladly welcome 
the testing of our cattle with tubercu- 
lin, if done by trustworthy persons 
and at a reasonable price (which ought 
to be less than $2 per head). 

The tuberculin test does not confer 
any immunity upon the animal. It 
merely tells whether tuberculosis is 
present at the time the test is made, 
and therefore it must be repeated at 
intervals. These intervals should not 
be shorter than from two to six 
months, nor longer than a year. No 
city claims the right to compel the 
testing of a particular cow; but every 
city has the right, and is in duty bound, 
to say that no nilk shall be sold in its 
streets except from tested cows. For 
particulars of the regulations under 
which testing is done by the state 
write to the Hon. T. J. Calvert, Secre- 
tary State Live Stock Commission, Co- 
lumbus, O.— Chas. E. Thorne, Ohio Ex- 
periment Station. 



For the land's sake — use Bowker's 
Fertilizers. They enrich the earth. 



Gold Medal Awarded. 



The old reliable Success Manure Spread- 
er has just received another addition to 
its long list of honors. The manufactur- 
ers, Kemp & Burpee Mfg. Co., Syracuse, 
N. Y.. have received notice that Success 
Spreader has been awarded a gold medal 
by Norfolk Exposition Jury of Awards. 
The award is justly bestowed. Success 
Spreader, formerly called Improved Kemp 
Spreader, was the first really successful 
spreader manufactured. Among the many 
late comers it has continued to hold its 
own. It has made its way into all states, 
and yearly sales, instead of being lessened 
by its many competitors, are actually on 
the increase. This is simply a recognition 
by farmers, and emphasized by Norfolk 
award, that Success Spreader is well nigh 
perfectly adapted for handling of manure. 
Their machine has already been of incal- 
culable benefit to farmers. The more 
Success Spreaders on the farms, the bet- 
ter it will be for this country's soil and 
crops. 



SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT 
TO COW OWNERS 

It is with more than ordinary enthusiasm that we beg to 
call the attention of cow owners and dairy farmers to the new 
1908 line of the improved De Laval Cream Separators, consist- 
ing of ten machines, ranging in capacity from 135 lbs. to 1350 
lbs. of milk per hour. 

Although for a number of years De Laval machines have 
seemed as nearly perfect as separators could be, thousands of 
dollars have been and are being spent annually in the effort to 
improve them. The past two years of experiments and tests 
have been unusually pirxluctive of new ideas and big improve- 
ments in separator construction. Even the highest hopes of the 
De Laval experimental force and mechanical experts themselves 
have been exceeded. 

The principal De Laval improvements are greater simplicity 
of construction, ease of cleaning and replacement of parts, less 
cost of repairs when necessary, easier hand operation, more 
complete separation under hard conditions, greater capacity and 
a material reduction of prices in proportion to capacity. 

The line includes several new styles and capacities of ma- 
chines never offered heretofore, No matter ho w small or how 
large the dairy the new De Laval line has a machine exactly 
suited for it. 

If you intend buying a separator do not fail to examine the 
new De Laval styles before you make your selection, as other- 
wise you will most surely regret it later on. A handsome new 
1908 De Laval catalog can be had for the asking. 



The De Laval Separator Co., 



42 East Madiion St. 
CHICAGO 
131341215 Filbart Street 
PHILADELPHIA 
Orumrn and Sacramento Sts. 
SAN FitANCISCU 



General Offices: 
74 Cortlandt Street, 
NEW YORK 



173-177 Will. am S ttltt 

MONTREAL 
It anil 16 Pnnooti aunt 
WINNIPEG. 
107 Firit Streat 
PORTLAND, ORI 



r. 



When you buy a horse 

you select one suitable for your needs. Roadsters are not the best of 
draft horses, neither are draft horses winners on the race track. Yet they 
are all horses. 

So with the many different articles sold for cleaning purposes. They 
will all (To some cleaning, but why not use the one that cleans everything 
clean; that makes everything sweet and sanitary; that contains no filthy 
soap grease nor fiery lye; that requires less work and less rinsing; that 
is used and recommended by the S ate Dairy and Agricultural Colleges. 



Its name is 




le of 5-Ib Sack 



WYANDOTTE 

Cleaner and Cleanser 

and it costs no more than the ordinary washing compounds. 
Just ask your dealer or factor yman for a 5-lb. sack of Wy- 
andotte Cleaner and Cleanser. If he can not supply you, 
write us his name. 

The J. B. FORD COMPANY, Sole Mfrs., Dept. K, Wyandotte, Michigan 

This Cleaner has been awarded the highest prize 
wherever exhibited. 



RELIABLE 

Spells the key-word to the great popularity of the 

SCREAM 
• SEPARATOR 



My U. S. is not out of 
order every week or two 
like my neighbors' who 
use other makes, ARE. 

D. L. VanWonn. 
Middleburgh. N.Y. 



QUICKLY CLEANED 

Parts few and simple. 

LOW flLK CAN 

Saves much lifting'. 

PERFECTLY SAFE 

Gearing entirely enclosed. 

SAVES THE MOST 

Cream, time, work. 

Dairymen choose the U.S. because they KNOW it can be depended 
upon to do the Best work ALL the time, and the Longest time, too. 

May we explain to you why? Please semi 

for complete illustrated book No. \Zi 

VERMONT FARM MACHINE CO. 

Bellows Falls* Vermont 478 



SKIMS CLEANEST 

Holds World's ltecord. 

IS SIMPLEST 

. M Two parts in the bowL 

WEARS LONGEST 

Record proves it. 

RUNS EASY 

Users say so. 



_ ECONOMY SILO—, 

Gold Medal & highest award Jamestown Exp'O. 
Air tight all over, keeps ensilage ab* 
'JJsZ^ ^ solm- lv sw- ' t. T <• d«>-.r* an c ntin* 
ffijjHl j nous ; easily bundled, and have no 
™' J clumsy rods. Sufficient number of 
^ Btronc, well supported hoops form a 
permanent, safe ladder. 

Economy silos are strongly built and 
easily put up. 

Fully guaranteed. Write today for 
free illustrated catalog with experience 
of users. 

ECONOMY SILO & TANK CO., 
Box 38 L, Frederick, Maryland 




WARRINER'S CHA,N 



KANCINC 



STANCHION 




— Given anlmaU perfect frcc- 



ThuusancU J. 
simplicity, c 
durability, a 



chafing. 

" to it? 
i and 
i Ex. 

[aeon* 

Vice 
1*6 Ss- 



no risk as the Stanchions are shipped subject to 30 days* 
trial in vour own stable. Send for descriptive pamphlet. 

IS. B. CRUMB. 44 Main Street. Forestville, Conn. 



THE OHIO FARMER. jAa.u.i908. 



j HORTICILTURE | 

A B C OF ORNAMENTAL PLANTING. 
—II. 



In learning to be your own landscape 
gardener you have the advantage of 
being constantly on the spot and be- 
ing able to take days t>r weeks if nec- 
essary in studying the situation. This 
study can commence at the beginning 
of winter as well as any time, and is 
much better than to wait until the 
spring sunshine stirs everything to ac- 
tion. 

In this preliminary work not much 
assistance is needed from books and 
periodicals. The protection of a home 
in winter from sweeping winds is 
more important than summer shade, 
for the shade is not a pressing neces- 
sity more than ten weeks in the year, 
while the cold winds blow for eight 
months. Winter also has its landscape 
claims as well as summer. In fact, its 
claims are greater, for the general ab- 
sence of foliage and flowers makes the 
color of bare branches and the pres- 
ence of plants and trees with persist- 
ent foliage, such as the conifers and 
broad-Jeafed evergreens, quite a fac- 
tor in the landscape. I believe I get 
.as much satisfaction from a trio of 
1 1 idodendrons, nestled in the edge of a 
group of deciduous shrubbery, in win- 
ter as in summer, even counting in 
their magnificent and royal wealth of 
bloom in June. They do not invaria- 
bly bloom, however, but from late Oc- 
tober until June they present a cheer- 
ful green and a form of leaf and 
growth different from anything else 
and pleasing even when a light snow 
covers them. If one studies the winter 
landscape with a view to getting to 
the bottom of things he will find that 
Nature has been very thoughtful in so 
ordering things that some of the most 
showy and beautiful objects in winter 
make very efficient protection, as do 
some of the summer ornamentals. The 
si rinjras and tall growing deutzias 
make large, compact bunches of stems 
as large as a hogshead, and by plant- 
ing them in rows and breaking joints 
they make very substantial protection 
for walks in the backyard and small 
buildings. 

In the winter after a snowfall the 
different paths around a place show 
plainly, and one can observe where 
short cuts are taken end very often a 
relocation of walks and drives can be 
made in accordance with natural and 
economical needs. Drifting snow is of- 
ten a nuisance and a careful study of 
winter conditions will show whether 
windbreaks or shrubbery would cure 
the evil or intensify it. The elimina- 
tion of unfavorable surrounding is an 
important factor in beautifying the 
home grounds, and should be consid- 
ered at the very first. In this as in 
many other things, no great help can 
be gotten by "reading up." The elimin- 
ation of fences has left a great many 
farm homes in the clear, as it were, 
and it Is often difficult to tell just 
where the dooryard leaves off and the 
barnyard commences. Then the back- 
yard merges into the two and even an 
expert is often bothered to know just 
what to do as it is so har.dy to leave 
tools and wagons, temporary lumber 
piles, etc., just anywhere. Quite con- 
siderable areas are often as good as 
wasted around homes .Hid these could 
be used to maintain windbreaks and 
screens which would provide comfort 
and a setting for the front lawn. 

The matter of t v - size of trees and 
shrubs can be considered in the win- 
ter also. A lady of my acquaintance re- 
ceived three trees whose special beau- 
tv needed room to develop and room 
to be seen. They were all planted in a 
dooryard which measured three by 
four rods. After a few years she will 
have to go out into the street or fields 
to. get a good look at them, and a few 
years later they will be grown so close 
together as to com letely discount any 
natural beauty they possess. Fully 
developed they should each cover a 
circle of more than !>0 feet, the size of 
the lawn one way. Th°re should be no 
pcc&sioil for an intelligent woman with 
a good high-school education to make 
such a mistake. The dooryards where 
such mistakes have been made line the 
Streets in every village in Ohio, and 
rf refill thought over the situation he- 



forehand, would have shown that one 
tree would have been better than three. 
We see here and there magnificent 
trees in pastures and fields, made so 
because they had room. Why not give 
the costly tree that you buy an equal 
chance by putting it in the barn-lot 
part of the dooryard where you can 
watch its development from the house? 

I need not weary the reaJer by too 
long a lesson at this time, and will be 
satisfied with the result if it leads one, 
here and there, to realize that there is, 
much preliminary work in landscape 
improvement which may be done by 
any person if they are content to be- 
gin as all education is commenced, at 
the beginning. — L. B. Pierce, Summit 
Co., O. 



FLORAL NOTES. 



Chrysanthemum Culture. — Start the 
chrysanthemum slips early in the 
spring in four-inch pots. Use soil com- 
posed of equal parts of sand, leaf-loam 
and barnyard manure. Transfer to lar- 
ger pots as the roots begin to crowd. 
Keep the plants trimmed to one shoot. 
If buds appear in July pinch them off 
and about the first of August begin to 
water with liquid manure, keeping the 
buds off until the last of August; then 
let them grow profusely and water 
with clear water. They will make a 
fine showing in September and Octo- 
ber. 

Cannas. *— These plants should be 
started in February or the first of 
March, in the house, and be uedded out, 
when all danger of frost is past. 
They must have a rich soil and be. sup- 
plied with liquid fertilizer as they are 
rank growers, and hearty feeders. The 
Italian orchid-flowering cannas are 
very large and beautiful, often from 
five to six inches across. 

Japanese Iris. — This plant requires 
a moist, tenacious soil and will grow 
and bloom freely near a drain or in a 
low, wet spot in the garden. It needs 
little culture, but is a beautiful bor- 
der plant if the soil is only moist 
enough for its needs. Like the com- 
mon Sweet Flag it delights in a marshy 
home. — A. Ruth Annable, Tioga Co., N. 
Y. 



A Woman's Back 

Has many aches and pains caused by 
weaknesses and displacement of the 
pelvic organs. Other symptoms of fe- 
male weakness are frequent headache, 
dizziness, imaginary specks or dark 
spots floating before the eyes, gnaw- i 
ing sensation in stomach, dragging or 
bearing down in lower abdominal or 
pelvic region, faint spells with gener- 
al weakness. 

If any considerable number of the above 1 
symptoms are present there is no.«remed> 
that wrS^give quicker relief or a more per- 
manent tjKC than Dr. Pierce's Favorite 1 
Preitjs^M&n^sJt has a record of over forty 
years of curfes^ It is the_ most pote nt ] 
in_vi^orati_qgJ,on l ic"an(; nR-"a gr frenjng i,u - 
vLnc known to medical scienc e. It is mcde I 
of the glyceric extracts of native medicl- | 
nal roots found in our forests and con- 
tains not a drop of alcohol or harmful, or 
habit-forming drugs. Its ingredients are 
all printed on the bottle-wrapper and at- 

i tested under path as correct. 

Every ingredient entering into "Fa- 
vorite Prescription " has the written en- 
dorsement ,->f the most eminent medical 
writers of all the several schools of prac- 
tice^ — more valuable than any amount of 
non-professional testimonials — though the 

i latter are not lacking, having been con- 
tributed voluntaril" by grateful patients 
in numbers to exceed the endorsements 

j given to any other medicine extant for 
the cure of woman's ills. 

You cannot afford to accept any medicine 
of unknown composition as a substitute 
for this well proven remedy of known 
composition, even though tTie dealer may 
make a little more profit thereby. Your 
interest in regaining health is paramount 
to any selCsh interest of his and it is an 
Insult to your intelligence for him to try 
to palm off upon you a substitute. You 
know what you want and it is his busi- 
ness to supply the article called for. 

Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets are the 
original "Little Liver Pills" first put up 
by old Dr. Pierce over forty years ago, 
much imitated but never equaled. Little 
sugar-coated granules — easy to take as 
c.ani?. 



BETTER WORK 
LESS LABOR 



SAVE 



Two things much desired by every 
• Two things you're sure 
in Iron Age Imple- 



farmer, 
to get », 

ments. For over 70 years they 
have been recognized the lead- 
ers because they do bet 
ter work, do it easier 
do more of it, and 
thus save hired 
help. Excep- 
tionally well 



made — dur 
able. Our 
No. 6 Com' 
b i n e d 
Double 
and 

S in- 



iet- ^ 




le Wheel 
rioe, Hill and 
Drill Seeder, 
shown here, 
Is the most 
c o m p lete 
tool made. 1908 
catalog free. 
BATEMAN MFG. CO. 
Box 103G 
Grenloch, N. J, 



GOOD SEEDS 

BEST EVER 
GROWN 




Plenty of Oranges. — December 1, 
with the season only two weeks old, 
Sacramento Valley orange growers 
were sending fifteen cars of fruit to 
Eastern markets every day, with an al- 
most daily increase showing on the 
freight records. Owing to the large 
number of new refrigerator cars of im- 
proved type, and other facilities pro- 
vided by the railroad, California oran- 
ges will reach consumers this year in 
better condition than ever before. Last 
year the Sacramento valley alone 
shipped $3,000,000 worth of oranges, 
and this figure will probably be ex- 
ceeded by a million dollars in the sea- 
son just opened. The fruit can be 
grown all over the larger part of the 
floor area of the valley and the indus- 
try is advancing rapidly. The new 
acreage planted each year assures a 
constant crop of high quality. 



Mangle-wurzles — Rluegrass Pasture. — 
Geese in Pasture. — How far apart should 
the rows be in growing mangle-wurzles, 
and how deep should seed be planted? 
How are they best kept for winter feed- 
ing? If I sow bluegrass in March or April, 
will it do for hog pasture in July and Au- 
gust? Is it all right to let male and fe- 
male geese run together? D. I. M., Har- 
mony. Pa. — Roots should be sown in shal- 
low drills in rows about 2 feet. 6 inches 
apart to 3 feet apart. Do not have rows 
so close that they can not be cultivated 
with horse cultivator. They are best 
stored for winter use In n cellar with tem- 
perature right for keeping potatoes. They 
may be pitted, but if so care must be tak- 
en not to expose too much to frost when 
opening the pit. Rluegrass is not suita- 
ble for quick pasture returns. It Is slow 
In taking possession of the ground and 
requires from one and a half to two years 
to make good pasture covering fit for 
hogs. Geese are frequently nastured In 
large flocks, allowing a gander to every 
five or six geese. There would bo no serl- 
ou: danger of the ganders fighting. 

T.lne Fence. — A and R have agreed up- 
on the division of a line fence, and A 
lias built his share. R"s property Is now 
In the hands of a receiver. Can A com- 
pel the receiver to build R's share of the 
line fence by appealing to the township 
trustees? V. C. R. — The receiver is an of- 
ficer of the court In charge of the prop- 
erty and subject to the orders of the 
court. However, if the receiver should 
mnko a finding as to the amount of fence 
to be built by R the court would undoubt- 
edly make an order requiring the ■• ••elv- 
er to do the work unless It were n case 
where It would manifestlv be in Injury 
to R's estate to do so. — H. L. S. 



Prices lowest of 
all. Postage paid. 
A tot of extra packages giver, free 
with every order of seeds I fill. Send 
name and address for my CDcr 
big catalog. Over 700 en- rllEE 
gravings of vegetables and flowers. 
H. SHUM WAY, Rockford, Illinois 



i CHAMPION EVAPORATOR. 

For Maple 
Cider and 
Jellies. 

CHAMPION 
EVAPORATOR 

CO. HUDSON, 0. 



SaVes Time. Labor and Fuel;"ma'k.es 
best Syrup; Easy to Operate; Dura 




the 
ble. 



CARETS Plants and Trees 



.A BIG GARDEN r 
EVERYONE' 

fJBEE 

We Bar Pre© Bean Free" 

We do not ask yoo to do any work or pay 

us one cent. Wo want yon to try oor I 
eeedB, thia year, at oor expense. Next 1 
year we know you will send us your 
order without any urging. 

OUR GREAT OFFER 
Send na your address today and we will 
Bend you by return moil an assortment of 
Garden Seeds such as Radish, Lettuce, 
Cabbage, Onions, Beets, Cucumber, Etc., 
also our big 11)08 Garden Guide, Abso- 
lutely Free. Write today, a postal will do. 

6T. LOUIS SEED COMPANY 
020*622 N. Fourth St., St. Louis, Bio. 




Erery reader should see my 1908 cataJ osr • 
get my prices; read about toy splendid 
new fruits , many customers net 
$300.00 Per Acre Annually 

No rlik to run. MftaaB t%rm sod cartcrr. Fr«* 
estalog Ulls fell. J pr it ■ t ttock by scoHa* yea 
tree 3 i It* b-*zt.:nj Bml.es- Write todsy. 

W N.Sc&rft, New Carlisle, O. 




FRUIT PACKAGES 

of all kind: 

Before ordering else- 
where write us for oar cuta- 
)ne and price list. 
REKLIM FRUIT BOX CO 
ISox <■. Ilerlm lleiKli'" 
Krie Co., Ohio. 



THAT DO NOT DISAPPOINT 



OElHO 

J\ r r I I _\ Sold on The Ford Plan, which guar- 
LLIJU an tees satisfaction and eavea you 
— ^ ^ money on every purchase. ■ fhir cat- 

alog tells about It, giws descriptions and U>w prict-t on 
Best varieties, Garden, Flower and Field Seeds, Potatoes, 
Bulbs, Trees, Shrubs and Small Fruit Plants. Contain* 
lots of testimonials from our customers. It's free, 
i OKI » SEED CO., Dept.45Bayenna, Ohio* 




FOR 10 Cts. 

Five pkts. of our new 
1 .irl\ rioMrrlllg 

4 urnn i Inns, 

Scarlet. V hitc. Pink, Ma- 
roon, yellow. Bloom in 
90 days from seed, large, 
double, fragrant and tine 
colors. All 5 pkts with cul- 
tural directions and big 
catalogue for 10c. post- 
paid. W ill make 5 love- 
ly beds of flow ers for your 
garden, and many pots 
of lovely blossoms for 
your windo«s in winter. 

Catiilomip for 1908 
—Greatest Hook of Not- 
elties— Flower and Vege- 
table Seeds, Bulbs, Plants 
Shrubs, Fruits, 150 pages, 
500 cuts, many plates— 
will It mailed Frte to 
all who ask for It. 

V- 




, STRAWBERRIES 

Millions of plants— ion V AK1ETIKS. 
Bent of the standard and new kinds. 
Healthy, Vigorous Plants, true to 
name, parked to carry anywhere at 
popular prices. Catalogue free* 
W. F. ALLEN, 
46 Market SI., Salisbury, Md. 



- antra, 

S»*lllTH. 

Al -Ikl 

iiiiiri 



LD8, nornl 



Seeds, Plants, Roses, 

Bulbs, Vines, Shrubs. Fruit and Ornamental Trees 

The best by 64 years' test, 1JO 
acres, 60 In har.lv r.MM's, none li.-t. 
terajrown. rl«rv.i.h,m-.~of I'ulnis. 
* cm*. Hi'iii. 4. .'milium*. K.rr. 
Mourning Kmc an.l othai 
thills BOO nuineroiiM t.> in.-n. 
I Seeds. I'lants, Him *, 

etc., by mull, postpaid, safe 
lirrl.nl nn.l ui,,. ■ 
guaranteed, Inrserb. express) 
or freluht. GO OAOloe collec- 
tions UMP in Seeds. IMiin'a, 
llo-r*. Trees, elc. r'leewnt 
l<l*-png;. < ntnlnsiic I I; I I. 
S.-nd for it today and see 
what Tallies wo «riv« for • 
little moner. 
THE STORRS & HARRISON CO. 
Box 148, PAINKSVILLE, OHIO. 



Farm Seeds 



Clovers— clean and true to name. Timothy. *-!<•., "f 
extra qnalitv Dir.-, t to farmers Price LUI. Write 
O. C. Shepard Co. 13 M St. .Medina.. O. 

Nurseries Pay Cash Weekly 
and Want More Salesmen Evert- 
wheke. Best Contract, Best Outfit, 
Largest Ni kseries — with an 82-Year Record. 
STARK BRO'S, LOUISIANA. M0. 

ALFALFA grass seeds 

■ " v -thira llrown snd of .tronreO 



nt p. 




J. I. HIV. a IlKov, li„» j-jo 111 l p Oil -111 lit.. OHIO 

60 Varieties of Strawberry Plants 

% \ *r 1<*0» and up Send i-o*Ul card for 190* r*Ul«c I Bsw 
|-UnU t.. Ihr fir, l ir ., T . jj v Ml NhV. l-fcTort*. Ind 

PEACH TREES 



Trrf.i 
want.' 



Fr-f ratsl 

Kiteha 



rMiflRT Pnri'Ain Ac^nu 
Nursery. Beverly. Ohio. 



STUMPS 



irmers hiving ituie.pi iro 

met le blju should writs ler 
ices tn dynjmite.caps and lus- 
O. Meredith Powder Co, Richmond, Ind. 

LWAYS mention OHIO FARMER 
when writing to our advertisers. 



■Bargains in Fruit Trees, 
Vines and Plants 

Special low prices on Apple Teach. Plum and Dwarf Pear Trees. 
Roses, also Asparagus Roots, Currant Bushes and other small fruits. 

Order trees direvt atom our nursery and save agent's profits and 
hall your men-y, 

i t ■ ; > in*. * r ■•- V,r T " -i it P 5i V. c f M 

to-day for Green's Dollar Book on Krult GffO*is»r a also for our Fruit 
Catalog, and a copy of Green's Fruit M^axinc* all • gill tv *••*■ 

PDCCH'O OftUDir OrrCD • One kl^'erta Peach Tree, one Red Cross Carnal 
■■LCI O OfllTlrLL UrrLn • Buih.one < . A. «rfen Nr« Wlute Grape Vinc,oae 
■ h. ail delirered at your house by mail for S& cents. 

Box 97. 





« er Ro 



GREEN'S NURSERY COMPANY. Rochester, N. Y. 



Jan. 11, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



y— 41 



The GreatWestern 




Pump Your Water, 
Saw Your Wood, 
Grind Your Feed, 
Run Your Churn, 
Separator, 
Washing Machine, 
Etc., 
Etc., 
With 

Great 
Western 



THIS ILLUSTRATION fc n the E 

mounted on low steel wheel trucks. It can be 
easily moved from place to place. Is always ready 
for business at a moment's notice. We build VA 
to 6 horse power, either mounted or unmounted. 

THE GREAT WESTERN hu^S 

of the mechanism required to operate, lock, unlock 
and time them More than three-fourths of the 
trouble with other engines is caused by their com- 
plicated valve mechanism. These get out of order, 
the valves burn, corrode, leak and wear out. They 
are hard to manage and expensive to keep in order. 
We do away with all this complication, useless 
trouble and expense, and give yoli a steadier and 
more reliable power. 

BY APPLYING POTO 3 ev ?K re baS 

wheels and regulating the size of the charge of gas- 
oline in exact proportion to the amount of the load, 
our engine is extremely economical, has a steadi- 
ness of motion and a control of the load that no 
otiier gasoline engine has. 

f*VI llinCD ' s s0 ''d. has no joints in it, 
I lib U I LINUkH no gaskets to leak and blow 
cut ; has improved snap spark electric igniter ; per- 
fect generator and governor, and everything that 
goes to make a perfect engine. 
UfC ft*! AD AMTCE tnis engine to be the 
If E UUAnAn I EC most simple, the most per- 
fect and the easiest to operate of any gasoline en- 
gine made. 

TUCRE IC no implement that will save you 
I ntnC lv more labor and give you greater sat- 
isfaction than a first-class gasoline engine. 
■uiiiT ja nn If you have use for power of 
ffnAI I U 11 'J any kind write us for catalogue 
No. 2^20 and tell us what size engine you want; 
or if you q'o not know what size you want, tell us 
what work you want to do with the engine. 
We will send you catalogue and write you fully. 

SMITH MANUFACTURING CO., 

158 East Harrison St., Chicago, III. 



SCIENGE 



NEW ASSISTANT PROFESSOR AT 
O. S.U. 

Professor V. M. Shoesmith of the 
Maryland Experiment Station has 
been appointed Associate Professor of 
Agronomy in the College of Agricul- 
ture nf the Ohio State University. Pro- 
fessor Shoesmith was born and raise, I 
on a farm near Leslie, Mich., and grad- 
uated from the Michigan Agricultural 
College with the class of 1901. Short- 
ly after graduation he was appointed 
Assistant in Agronomy at the Kansas 
Agricultural College and Station, 
where he remained for five and a half 
years, being promoted first to assistant 
agronomist for the station, and finally 
to an assistant professorship in the 
college. In 1905 while at the Kansas 
Agricultural College, Professor Shoe- 
smith trained the corn judging team 
which won first honors at the Inter- 
national Live Stock Exposition. 

In January, 1906, he went, to Mary- 




Tlie N. Y. Med. Jour, says : "Tartarllthlne win 

increase the norma] alkalinity of blood, eliminate 
uric acid freely and not disturb the normal case v itlf 
which kidneys c:,n perforin their function, In rheu- 
matism Tartarliliiina is beneficial and refreshing. 

Tartarllthlne rarely fails because it supplies 
the blood with the necessary substance to dissolve 
and remove the poison of Rheumatism — uric acid. 



Free Sample 



and booklet 
Uheamiitism' 



BUKFSSON& BOBBINS, Dept. K 91 FdIIod St.K.I. 
(Solo Agents for tho Tartarllthlne Co.) 




f 




Until FEB. 1, 1908 

We will present absolute" 
ly free with every order 
for Weston's Patent t!al- 
vanized (jate Attachments 
at BO, a full paid year's 
s ibsciiption to either 

The Ohio Farmer or The Michigan Farmer. 

With these attachments you can make the best swine; and 
slide nate ever used. W ill riot bind or sag. Endorsed by hun- 
dreds of farmers and railroads. We guarantee satisfaction or 
money refunded. Write for our free catalog and full inform- 
ation of our special offer. We refer you to the puhlisher of 
this paper as to our reliability. 

WESTON GATE CO.. B5 Hall Avenue, NORTH DOVER, OHIO. 



PROF. V. M. SHOESMITH. 

land to take the position of agronomist 
at the Maryland Experiment Station. 
His time at. the Maryland Station has 
been devoted largely to the organiza- 
tion of the work of the department 
and to getting co-operation of the 
farmers thru the organization of a ce- 
real improvement association on broad 
and liberal lines. While at the Kansas 
Station, Professor Shoesmith published 
several bulletins, one of the most re- 
cent of which is entitled, "A Study of 
Corn." His efforts in Ohio will be de- 
voted entirely to the development of 
the crop work in the Department Of 
Agronomy. The College of Agriculture 
and the farmers of the state are to be 
congratulated upon securing the ser- 
vices of a man of Professor Shoe- 
smith's experience and ability to push 
forward the improvement and devel- 
opment of farm crops in Ohio. 



lll.UH'iHt'i I'll II II II II II II IMI II II II II II II II II! 



wood — for 

lawns, ^churches and cemeteries — also heavy steel 
r-irkf t fp«~n — *-*A dir*""* to '•^nsumpr. Oata lot-'ue Fr^. 
WARD FENCE CO., Box 603, DECATUR. INDIANA. 




ETCiltf^E Strangest 
rCllUEL Made 

Made of High Carbon Double Strength 
Co' led "Wire. Heavily Galvanized to 
prevent rust. Have no agents. Sell at 
factory prices on 30 days' free trial. 
We pay all freight. 37 heights of farm 
and poultry fence. Catalog Free. 

COILED SPRING FENCE CO. 
Box 23 Winchester, Indiana 



Are Your Kidne ys Weak? 

Thousands of Men and Women Have Kidney 
Trouble and Never Suspect It. 



Nature warns you when the track of health 
is not clear. Kidney and bladder trouble com- 
pel you to pass water often thru the day and 
get up many times during the night. 

Unhealthy kidneys cause lumbago, rheuma- 
tism, catarrh cf the bladder, pain or dull 
ache in the back, joints or muscles, at times 
have headache or indigestion, as time pass- 
es you may have a sallow complexion, puffy 
or dark circles under the eyes, sometimes feel 
as tho you had heart trouble, may have plen- 
ty of ambition but no strength, get weak 
and waste away. 

If such conditions are permitted to con- 
tinue, serious results are sure to follow; 
Bri-ht's disease, the very worst form cf kid- 
ney trouble, may steal upon you. 

Prcvalency of Kidney Disease. 

Most people do not realize the alarming 
increase and remarkable preva'.ency cf kid- 
ney disease. While kidney disorders are the 
most common diseases that prevail, they are 
almost the last recognized by patient and 
physicians, irho content themselves uiih 
doctoring the effects, while the original dis- 
ease undermines the system. 

A Trial Will Convince Anyone. 

If you are sick or feeling badly.begin tak- 
ing Dr. Kilmer's Swamp - Root, the great 
kidney, liver and bladder "remedy, because 
as soon as your kidneys begin to get better, 
they will help the other organs to health. In 
taking Swamp-Root, you afford natural help 
to Nature, for it is the most perfect henlsr 
and gentle aid to the kidneys that has ever 
been discovered. 

You can not get rid of your aches and 
pains if your kidneys are out of crder. You 
can not feel right when your kidneys are 
wrong. 

Swamp=Root is Pleasant to Take. 

If you are already convinced that Swamp- 
Root is what you need, yen can purchase 
the regular fifty-cent and one-dollar size bot- 
tles at ail drug stores. Don't make any mis- 
take, but remember the name, Dr. Kilmer's 
Swamp-Root, and the address, Binghamton, 
N. Y.j which you will find on every bottle. 

SAMPLE BOTTLE FREE.— To prove the wonderful merits of Swamp- 
Root you may have a sample bottle and a book of valuable information, both 
sent absolutely free by mail. The book contains many of the thousands cf 
letters received from men and women who found Swamp-Root to be just tae 
remedy they needed. The value of Swamp-Root is so well-known that our 
readers are advised to send for a sample bottle. Address Dr. Kilmer & Co., 
Binghamton, N. Y., be sure to say you read this generous offer in The Ohio 
Farmer. 




Shjamp-T^oot is altcays kept up to 
its high standard of parity and 
excellence. 

yl Jtuorn certificate of purity 
With every bottle. 




SIOT 

To Weave Your Own Fence 
at 24c per rod out of coiled hard 
steel spring wire. WIRE at » HOLE- 
SALE. Farm Gates. Catalog f ree— 
tells how to build fence and why 
you should use coiled steel wire. 
Carter Wire Fence Machine Co., 
Box 18 , Mt. Sterling, Ohio. 



POSTS FOR SALE-Locust,ChGStnut 

LINE and ANCHOR. CAR LOTS ONLY. 

I)RUMM)ND WIRE FENCE CO.. CHILLIC0THE. 0. 



Locust and Chestnut Posts for Sale 



NAILERS, WIRE and ANCHOR POSTS 

S. CU1.BERTSON. IRONTON. OHIO 



■piIBNISHF.n DIRECT to fanners 
•*• RF.T> CED AR and CHESTNUT f.n< 



... ripht priocs-LOCUST, 
._ ;STNl*T fence posts a.irt anchors. Al«o 
Chestnut Tele >hone Poles, from 2(1 to 80 fr. i > length: adiirrss 
us for prices. ' D. T. BLACKBURN 4: SON, Rarden. Ohio. 



Home Telephone Company. — We have 
a mutual telephone system with 375 mem- 
bers. Would it be proper for us to in- 
corporate? If so. how shall we proceed? 
We now run under the assessment plan. 
F. W. S. — It would seem that it would 
not only be proper but would be an excel- 
lent business move to incorporate your 
company, as the business can be much 
more expeditiously handled by a board of ! 
directors than it can be by the joint ac- 
tion of 375 members. Write to the Secre- 
tary of State at Columbus for blank in- 
corporation papers. With them he will 
send you full instructions, but you will 
probably require the services of an attor- ! 
ney to properly complete the incorpora- 
tion. — H. L. S. 

County Ditch. — I am one of 19 petition- 
ers for a ditch improvement. The Coun- 
ty Commissioners granted an improved 
ditcji. There have been filed in court 
suits for damages in tire sum of $35,000 
against the Commissioners and against 
the petitioners. May the petitioners prop- 
erly be made defendants with the coun- 
ty? J. W. — Inasmuch as*under certain cir- 
cumstances the abutting land owners are 
liable for the damages assessed by the 
County Commissioners it might be prop- 
er to make the petitioners defendants in 
such a suit. It can not be said definitely j 
whether it is proper or not. because so 
much depends upon what action has been 
taken by the County Commissioners in 
regard to the matter. aiM also unon the 
other circumstances in the case. I think 
that in a matter of th ! s kind you should 
consult local counsel. — H. L. S. 




EXTRA 



LARGE 

STRONG 



Oet Oisr Free Sample gffiZ%Z&jg&3582Ei 

and rigidness, then look to the Ualvanizing. Pile it and 
see how flick that is. Wo want you to satisfy yourself that 
for yon. Brown Fence is the best fence to buy for Horses, 
Cattle, Sheep, Pips, Chickens, etc. Our fences are made of extra 
heavy Steel Wire, -both strand and stay wires No. 9 gauge. 



!E FENCE 



Sells At 15 to 35 Cents Per Rod Delivered-WE PAY FREIGHT 

Easytopntup. Bull-proof and Pip-tight. Stands stanch, solid and rigid. Won't 
sag or bag down. Our prices are less than you would pay for much lighter fences, 
—fences not naif so durable. Write today for sampie and catalog showing 133 styles. 
THE BROWN FENCE & WIRE CO., CLEVELAND. OHIO. 




Page Hog Fence 

Strongest, most practical, most durable — every 
horizontal b;.r is double strength. hit:h carbou, 
spring steel win — t ross bars are wrapped three 
times around every horizontal b.r— the lust 
overlaps the other two and forms a positive, 
secure knot. Page Hog Fence is economical- 
few posts, few staples and no bottom boards. 
Write for catalog and folder before you buy a 
fence, and ask about our hog fence anchors. 
Page Woven Wire Feace Co., Box 1011, Adrian, Mich. 




44C 




Made of high carbon Steel Wire 
llorse-hlgh. Bull-strong, Chl'-k- 
en-tlght. Sold direct to the 
Farmer at lowest manufac- 
turers prices on 30 Days Free 
Trial, freight prepaid. 100 pare 
Catalogue and price-list fruu. 

KITS ELM AM BROS., 
Box 277 MUNCIE, IND. 




riT/Rs ri'Ri , «» in <; to i 4 DAYS, 
PAZO OTNTMKNT is mmrnntecd to cure any 
case of Ttcliing, Blind, Blinding or I'mrrudinfij 
Piles in 6 to li days, or money refunded. 50c, 



MONEY INVESTED 
in a Superior Wire 
Fence m a* secure u the 
fonce. Our heavy weight hx 
makes til* Superior ffiic© se"' 
(oral. retime. Superior Fences 
are stronger. more dunible and cheaper 
tbar. other kind*. Ask us why 
Write tor c »t i!n«r. 

Tin: ' " VKKIOU FH\TK CO. 
Dept. F Cleveland, Oh 




Money la 
Selling Fence 

Selling fence Is an ea^y 
and profitable bnsiness. We 
' wantagentseverywhere to sell 

FROST WIRE FEHCk 

Exclusive territory. This is a big 
money-ma 1: in g ^reposition. Write for 
particulars and catalogue. 
THE FflJST W.HE gag CO., Cuveund. Ohio. 



TEEL Galvanized FENCE 

Save von time, money and trouble. DllV f. W 
Made from heavy galvanized steel, r UO I O 
can't ru*.t, rut. burn— lreeze n<»r pub out of the 
ground — self-anchoring. Patent fasteners guar- 
anteed to hold any kind of wire fencing. Bo h 
cheaper end bettor th^n wood. Shipped direct to 
you from factory at low fac:<y-y price. Just write 
postal today for our interest ng Force Po*t Book.et. 
Exclusive territory to eneiyeitc agents. 

AMERICAN POST COMPANY, 
12 Harrah Straot, Bl oa t If Id, Ind. 



10—42 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 11, 1908. 



ESTABLISHED 1848 

THE LAWRENCE PUBLISHING CO. 

EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS. 

General Office, 1011 1015 OREGON Ave., N. E. 
CLEVELAND, OHIO. 

NEW YORK OFFICE, 725 Temple Court Bldg. 
CHICAGO OFFICE, 1736 First Nat. Bunk Bide. 
DETROIT. Mich.. OFFICE. 39-45 ConKiess St.. W. 
SEATTLE. Wash. .OFFICE. 211 People'sS.Bk.Blde 

. M. J. LAWRENCE President 

M. W. LAWRENCE Vice-President 

M. L. LAWRENCE Secretary 

P. T. LAWRENCE Treasurer 

U. E. WILLIAMS -\ 

W. I. CHAMBERLAIN / F,iu n ri«i 

JOHN F. CUNNINGHAM > staff 

HARRIET MASON \ 

A. J. ANDERSON J 

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION 

Three Years, 156 0 ^p s erso ° n $150 

TWO YEARS, 104 Copies to one person SI. 20 
One Year, 52 " " 75 Cents 

Six Months, 26 " " 40 

Canadian subscriptions 50c per vear extra for postage 

We guarantee to stop sending paper 
when the time for which It is paid has 
expired, so that, to avoid missing any 
numbers, all should renew promptly. 

Always send money by draft, postofnce money order, 
registered letter, or by express. We will not be re- 
sponsible for money sent in letters. Address all com- 
munications to, and make al I drafts, checks and post- 
oflice orders payable to The I.awj ence Publishing Co. 

RATES OF ADVERTISING 

f>0 rents per agate-line measurement, or !$7.<>0 
per inch, each insertion, with a reasonable dis- 
count on orders amounting to $25 or over. 

No udv'tKjnserted for less than $1 .50 per insertion. 
t^~Xo lottery, quack doctor or swindling adver- 
tisements inserted at any price. 

) Kntered as second-class matter at the Cleveland, 
Ohio, postofnce. 

We cannot furnish addresses of contributors. 

Copyright 1907 by The LaWrence Tub. Co. 

All persons are warned against reprinting any 
portion of the contents of this issue without our 
written permission- 

Cleveland, 0., Jam 11, 1908. 



WE GUARANTEE to stop THE 
OHIO FARMER immediately upon ex- 
piration of time subscribed for, and we 
will pay all expenses for defending 
any suit brought against any sub- 
scriber to The Ohio Farmer by the 
publisher of any farm paper which 
has been sent after the time ordered 
has expired, providing you return such 
papers to your postmaster unread, tell 
him to notify the publishers that you 
refuse to accept them, and you send 
us due notice before suit Is started. 

Avoid future trouble by refusing to 
subscribe for any farm paper which 
does not print, In each Issue, a defi- 
nite guarantee to stop on expiration 
of subscription. 

The Lawrence Pub. Co., Cleveland, O. 



ters either contest, to be kept for ref- 
erence and information until the con- 
test closes. 



CURRENT COMMENT. 



OUR PRIZE CONTESTS. 



We have received 62 applications for 
the corn contest and only 32 for the 
poultry contest. It hardly seems pos- 
sible that there are only 62 hoys and 32 
girls among -the 130,000 families and 
homes visited by the Ohio Farmer, 
who have vim and ambition enough to 
engage in these highly educational and 
useful contests. To make them lively 
and interesting we should have at 
least 200 girls and as many boys en- 
rolled. We announced that we would 
send out a circular of explanations and 
conditions to every one who applied. 
We have decided, instead, to pubfish 
the circular in our next magazine de- 
partment, Jan. 18 issue, in the Boys' 
and Girls' department. In this way all 
our boy and girl readers will get it, 
and every one can then decide whether 
to enter the contest or not. Look out 
for it Jan. 18. We ask every parent to 
read it when it comes and if condi- 
tions are favorable, to start their sons 
and daughters into the work. Every 
boy who expects to be a farmer should 
seize this opportunity to demonstrate 
what he can accomplish with an acre 
of ground in corn, and every girl, 
whether she expects to spend her life 
on the farm or not, can find no better 
method of discipline than a year's 
careful, intelligent and methodical 
management of a small flock of poul- 
try, keeping careful record, and learn- 
ing how to be successful. The prizes 
in both contests are worth striving for, 
but the knowledge and discipline that 
faithful work will secure are worth far 
more than all the prizes combined. 
Kvery contestant can secure these, and 
<\ery contestant can have an equal 
chance to secure ono of the prizes. An 
extra nv ', >py of the January ISth 
issue will he sent to every one who en- 



T h e Internal 

Denatured Alcohol. Revenue Com- 
missioner in his 
recent report gives some interesting 
facts relating to denatured alcohol. 
During the six months ended June 30 
last, 3,084,950 gallons of alcohol were 
withdrawn from bond for denatura- 
tion, and 1,397,861 gallons were dena- 
tured; 1,355,763 gallons of this were 
distributed to manufacturers, whole- 
salers, retailers and others not regis- 
tered dealers; druggists took only 
295,670 gallons, for domestic use.large- 
ly. Of specially denatured alcohol for 
manufacturers' use, 375,276 gallons 
were shipped from bonded warehouses. 
The total of completely and special de- 
natured alcohol that went into con- 
sumpti'on was 1,713,040 gallons, leav- 
ing 1,353,909 gallons in warehouse 
stock. Great Britain, during the last 
fiscal year (ended March 31), pro- 
duced 6,800,000 wine gallons, and Ger- 
many (during year ended Oct. 1, 1904) 
produced 37,000,000 gallons — 10 mil- 
lions used for industrial purposes and 
27 millions for light and fuel. The 
Commissioner says, that some of the 
causes why industrial alcohol has net 
found proportionate favor here are — 
the lack of appliances for domestic 
consumption, the lack of education in 
its use, and the competition of petro- 
leum. In Germany there are 70,000 
farm distilleries, and only 1.0 in this 
country; the price in Germany is 27 
cents a gallon, and here the average 
price is about 36 cents. The Commis- 
sioner's report does not cover the peri- 
od since Sept. 1, 1907, when the amend- 
ed law went into effect. The six 
months embraced in the report em- 
braces a period when the- manufacture 
was all confined to large distilleries. 
During the four months under the 
amended law but little progress has 
been made in farm or neighborhood 
manufacture, because (as hitherto ex- 
plained) Of high prices of farm prod- 
ucts, lack of education in production, 
and the comparative scarcity of waste 
products that could profitably be used* 
in producing alcohol. With alcohol at 
36c, it can not compete with petrole- 
um. If conditions are favorable the 
coming year we predict much progress 
in the production of industrial alcohol, 
and a reduction in price that will 
largely increase its use for fuel and 
light. The Commissioner calls atten- 
tion to the fact that there has been lit- 
tle or no loss of revenue from the use 
of denatured or untaxed alcohol and 
the expense of administering the new 
law was only $43,266. It was expected 
to be much larger, and Congress ap- 
propriated $250,000 for expenses. There 
were few, if any, attempts at fraud in 
the production and distribution of un- 
taxed spirits. 

For the nine 
The Cch nty Sal- months ending Nov. 
aky System. 1, the auditor of 

Cuyahoga County 
(Cleveland) turned over to the treas- 
ury, $177,057.44 in fees. Under the old 
fee system the auditor would have 
been entitled to this sum, less expense 
of the office. The total fees due to 
the various offices have not all been 
collected, but the estimate for the year 
ending Dec. 31. is about $280,000, or 
over $50,000 more than all salaries for 
county officers and clerks. This sum is 
saved to the county by the new salary 
system. The salaries in this county 
are liberal — in every case probably 
two or three times as much as the offi- 
cials could make in business of their 
own. yet they are not satisfied. They 
are demanding an increase in allow- 
ances for expenses, including increases 
in salaries, to the amount of nearly 
$10,000. The sheriff is the only ex- 
ception — he asks for a less sum than 
last year. In the face of the existing 
money stringency there should be cur- 
tailment instead of extravagance. If 
the officials were on the fee system 
there wrmld be no increase in expens- 
es, but the contrary — retrenchment. 
County officials are combining again, 
it is reported, for the repeal of the 
salary law and a return to the oM. 
outrageous fee system. Anv official 
who does this should be annihilated, 
officially. Taws shovld be made for 
the wrlfrre of the praple.and not for 



the sole benefit of officeholders. The 
salary system will no doubt need some 
adjusting to make it fair and just to 
all, but it will never be abandoned. It 
will be revised as fast as defects are 
discovered, and will become fixed and 
permanent. Let officials work for this 
and they will receive the endorsement 
of the people. 

Judge Gould's deci- 
The Boycott, sion, recently, in 

granting a temporary 
injunction to stop the boycott of the 
American Federation of Labor against 
a stove company, because that com- 
pany maintained an "open shop," will 
receive the most hearty endorsement 
of every fair and honorable man in 
this country. The American Federation 
of Labor was boycotting every dealer 
who patronized the stove company, in 
every locality where labor unions ex- 
isted. They were simply trying to 
ruin the firm's business because that 
firm believed in employing any good 
laborer, whether a union man or not. 
Judge Gould, in his decision, declared 
that a combination of two or more per- 
sons, with a power to do injury which 
they could not do individually, has al- 
ways been considered wrong and ille- 
gal. The American Federation of La- 
bor is endeavoring to secure laws that 
wiil legalize their boycotts. In other 
words, they want freedom to exercise 
their combined power to crush out all 
opposition to labor union demands, 
right or wrong. If they ever secure 
this, goodbye to the liberty and free- 
dom which our forefathers fought for 
in establishing this government. The 
black spot upon labor unions is the 
employment of force to accomplish 
their purpose, which purpose is no 
more nor less than a monopoly of la- 
bor—a labor trust. They call every 
laborer who refuses to join a union a 
"scab," and do not hesitate to employ 
force to prevent him from finding em- 
ployment, and in cases of strikes they 
do not hesitate to injure him, and 
sometimes kill him. Every serious 
strike that has occurred in this coun- 
try has been accomplished by violence, 
disorder, lawlessness, destruction, and 
often, death. Witness the street rail- 
way strike now going on at Muncie, 
Indiana. The strikers are using brutal 
and destructive measures to prevent 
the operation of the street car lines, in 
open and defiant violation of law and 
the recognized common and legal 
rights of American citizens. The same 
is true, in substance, at Goldfield, Col- 
orado. The injunction is the only le- 
gal thing in existence to prevent these 
great wrongs and injustice, in emer- 
gencies. Labor unions must not use 
force or the boycott, for the purpose of 
compelling employers to do what they 
want, or to debar non-union men from 
employment. They must submit to the 
law. They must be compelled to rec- 
ognize the fact that every man in this 
country has the right to run his own 
business and employ whom he pleases, 
and that every non-union laborer has 
the same rights that a member of any 
union has — to work where and when 
he pleases, when opportunity offers. 
This is a free country. Men can not le- 
gally combine for the injury or de- 
struction of any honest concern or 
business. We believe in labor organi- 
zation to protect the wurkingman's 
rights and interests, but not to con- 
spire for the destruction of any legal 
and honest business or any person who 
has the manhood to assert and main- 
tain his constitutional rights. Labor 
organizations have become so strong 
that they have become foolishly defi- 
ant. President Gompers has recently 
declared that American workingmen 
will not submit to the reduction of 
wages threatened under existing strin- 
gent conditions. He says that work- 
ingmen are not responsible for the 
financial stringency anil therefore 
should not suffer for it. President Gom- 
pers will find that if prices of material 
and of products decline, and if demand 
decreases and factories have to close 
and throw a large number of men out 
of employment, the rate of wages will 
be reduced in proportion, and the men 
who are lucky enough to find work will 
be glad to accept the "going" wages. 
Labor unions can push wages up to 
some extent "-hen conditions are favor- 
able, but not when conditions will not 
justify an Increase, and when condi- 
tions are depres.unE no power cm pre- 
vent wages going down. Farmers, mer- 
chants, manufacturers and business 
men generally are no more responsible 



for the financial stringency than work- 
ingmen, yet they all must suffer on ac- 
count of it, to greater or less extent. 
They can't help themselves. Wall 
street speculators are primarily respon- 
sible for the trouble but they are not 
the only class to suffer the consequen- 
ces. All business interests must share 
in any loss that ensues. 



THE PARCEL POST. 



We present below the views of one 
of our leading correspondents on this 
subject. Others will be published as 
fast as we can make room. We invite 
all other readers to send their views 
for publication. We will publish all we 
can find room for. 

A MORE LIBERA I. PARCELS POST. 

The 16-cent rate and 4-pound limit 
of our present parcels post law prac- 
tically prohibits its use. In October 

1 received a package of premium lists 
of the National Corn Exhibit from 
Chicago. The package weighed 8 
pounds and the express charges were 
90 cents. By dividing it into two 
packages of 4 pounds each it could 
have been sent by mail, under our 
present parcels post law, and the post- 
age would have been $1.28. This shows 
how valueless the existing law is even 
in competition with excessive express 
rates. 

The principal arguments against 
the proposed parcels post law are that 
it would increase the deficit in the de- 
partment and ruin the jobber and 
country merchant. These arguments 
are the most fallacious nonsense. There 
are, in round numbers, 38,000 rural 
routes. They carry on an average 20 
pojmds of mail- matter each. Ten or 
twelve times this weight would not 
greatly increase the cost cf carriage 
and it would so increase the postal re- 
ceipts that the deficit would not only 
be wiped out but a good balance would 
appear on the right side of the ledger. 

Now as to the effect on the country 
merchant. When rural free delivery 
of mails was being introduced they 
fought it tooth and toe-nail. They 
thought it spelled ruin to their busi- 
ness, and there was some apparent 
show of truth in their arguments. Many 
of them were postmasters. They would 
lose their source of revenue and they 
reasoned that as farmers would no 
longer be obliged to go to the store for 
their mail, they would lose the trade 
that these frequent visits usually 
brought. The results show, most em- 
phatically, that their objections were 
not well taken. There never has been 
a time in the history of the country 
when the country merchants were 
more prosperous than since the ad- 
vent of rural "free delivery of mails. 
Farmers prefer to trade with their 
home merchants when they can get of 
them what they want and get it as 
cheap as elsewhere. They are obliged 
to cut all sentiment out of business 
and there is no earthly reason why 
they should patronize the country mer- 
chant exclusively when they find they 
can save money by buying of some oth- 
er dealer. 

The special rate for the rural routes 
as proposed by Postmaster General Mey- 
er would greatly accommodate farm- 
ers, would be a source of revenue to 
the department, and would afford a 
convenient and profitable way for the 
country merchant to dispose of his 
goods. The proposition is to make 
the rate 5 cents for the first pound and 

2 cents for each additional pound, so 
that the proposed limit of 11 pounds 
would be carried for 25 cents. Most 
farmers now have telephone connec- 
tion with the store. With this benefi- 
cent law enacted farmers' wives would 
no longer be dependent on the feeble 
memories of their husbands. They 
could order directly from the merchant 
himself and their goods would be 
promptly deliver: 1. 

The exclusive parcel-carrying bus- 
iness by the express companies, 
with their exorbitant charges, makes 
them immensely profitable corpora- 
tions. Their stock pays the most un- 
heard-of dividends. Naturally they 
will put up the strongest, most stub- 
born fight against a more liberal par- 
cels post law. They are powerfully in- 
trenched monopolies. They will se- 
cure the strongest lobby that their ag- 
gregated wealth can employ, and it 
stands the farmers in hand to put up 
the fight of their lives. 

I firmly believe that nothing Is as 
effectual with our congressmen as a 



Jax. 11, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



11—43 



personal appeal. Petitions are good in 
their way, but private letters have a 
far greater weight. Everybody signs 
petitions, but when our law-makers 
get a private letter they know the 
writer wouldn't go to the trouble of 
writing if not in dead earnest about 
the matter. And they want to know, 
too, how their constituents feel about 
this matter. If every farmer would 
write his Congressman an unmistaka- 
ble hut courteous letter it would have 
a greater weight than all the lobbies 
that opposing interests could employ. 
Then let us give them a deluge of let- 
ters. Let us show them that we have 
at least a two-cent interest in the par- 
cels post, and that we are determined 
to have it, if nt>t by their aid then by 
rome one else who has more regard for 
the interests of the people. — E. P. 
Snyder, Huron Co., 0. 

THE WEEK. 

Leading Events. 

Politics _ Dec. 30 Secretary Wm. H. 
Taft. made his first public appearance 
s'nce his recent tour around the world, 
delivering' an address before the Mer- 
chants' and Manufacturers' Association, 
at Boston. He made plain the fact that 
he stood squarely with the national ad- 
ministration upon the prosecution of un- 
righteous corporations, and he denied 
that the financial depression was due to 
the President's aggressive policy. He in- 
sisted that capital that tries to suppress 
competition bv unfair methods should be 
restrained by law; that if discrimination 
can not be suppressed property rights . 
will perish and socialism soon rule the 
country; that the recent financial flurry 
was due to the loss of capital and de- 
struction of confidence thru exposure of 
di-honest methods in business. It was 
the first strong speech in the Secretary s 
campaign for the presidential nomination 
and stated in a broad, plain manner the 
1;asic principles upon which the candi- 
date would build his policies.— The po- 
litical kettle has been boiling merrily in 
Ohio during the past few days. The Taft 
leaders are fn complete control of the Re- 
publican state central committee and the 
committee has been busy devising a sys- 
tem of primary election of delegates to 
the state convention that will suit all 
counties and congressional districts. The 
primaries will be called for Feb. 11. be- 
tween 1 P. M. and 7 P. M. The state con- 
vention for the selection of four delegates- 
at-large to the national convention will be 
held at Columbus. March 3-4. All delegates 
must be selected at the February primary 
and in no other manner. It will be a 
clear test of whether the people of the 
state favor Candidate Taft rather than 
Candidate Foraker for the presidential 
nomination; there is little doubt that the 
convention will give Taft a great vote 
of approval, and this will certainly be the 
course of justice and fairness to all con- 
cerned. Senator Foraker now declares the 
call for the primaries illegal and hard to 
understand. Attorney General Ellis says 
it is all right and plainly stated. It is 
now asserted that Senator Foraker will 
carry the fight into the Legislature and 
try to get a law passed to prevent the 
Taft plan of primaries. 

Relations With Japan. — Ambassador 
Aoki sailed from San Francisco for home 
on Jan. 7. He has served at his Wash- 
ington post for about a year and a half, 
being the first ambassador to this coun- 
try from Japan. On account of his exten- 
sive diplomatic experience he is well 
qualified for the place. Official and diplo- 
matic Washington was well represented 
in the gathering to extend good wishes 
to the departing ambassador and his 
wife. On his departure Aoki said: "We 
shall take back home with us to Japan 
only the kindliest feeling for America 
srnd for her people and the highest regard 
for her institutions." He further stated 
that he was confident that an amicable 
settlement of the immigration question 
would soon be reached, and that that was 
the only question of importance that is 
row up for consideration by the two 
countries. Jan. 1 the report came from 
Tokio that the Japanese government had 
handed the American ambassador a re- 
ply to the recent suggestions from this 
eountry that were aimed to assist them 
in perfecting plans for the future restric- 
tion of emigration. The terms of the re- 
ply were not made public but it is inti- 
mated that some of the American sug- 
gestions were accepted while others were 
rot. It is learned that Japan has ac- 
cepted the suggestions by which the ex- 
clusion of coolies from this country will 
recome effective thru Japanese restric- 
tion, provided President Roosevelt will 
ceto any bill providing for their ■ exclu- 
sion. This will save the Japanese coolies 
being placed upon the same footing as 
the Chinese. 

Minor Items. 

President Pa o evert returned to Wash- 
ington from Pine Knot, Va.. Dec. 30 af- 
ter several days' outing. The usual New 
Year's Day reception was held at the 
White House, when the President shook 
hands with 5.615 people. 

Dec. 30 the Canadian Pacific railway 
steamer Mount Royal was reported near- 
ly a week overdue at St. Johns. New 
Brunswick. The Mount Royal left Ant- 
werp. Dec. 7. with 304 immigrants and a 
crew of over 100 aboard. She has not been 
reported by any one of several ships that 
have passed over her course since, and it 
is feared that she is lost. Even if she is 
merely disabled her passengers and crew 
would be in a bad way as fuel and food 
would not hold out. 

The governor of Nevada Jias issued a 
call for 1 a special session of the legisla- 
ture to convene Jan. 14 to consider the 
labor troubles at Goldfiejd. 



In an explosion of gas and coal dust in 
a mine at Carthage, N. M., Dec. 31. nine 
miners were killed and two seriously in- 
jured. 

On New Year's Day the saloons in fifty 
counties of Alabama and in the entire 
state of Georgia were forced to close 
their doors. A year hence all of the sa- 
loons in Alabama must close. 

The total output at the United States 
mint at Philadelphia for the year 1907. 
according to reports compiled Dec. 31, was 
183.598.943 coins, representing a value of 
$63. 2K3. 104.93. 

John D. Rockefeller made another New 
Year's donation to the University of Chi- 
cago, the sum being $^.191,000. This makes 
his total gifts to the school $23,515,000. 

As a new step in the war against the 
tobacco trust the growers in Kentucky 
now propose to grow no crop in 1908. The 
members of the growers' organization 
now have on hand part of their 1906 crop 
and all of the 19)7 crop. By this move they 
hope to force higher prices from the Am- 
erican Tobacco Co. 



National Wool Growers' Asso'n. — The 
forty-fourth annual meeting of the Na- 
tional Wool Glowers' Association will be 
held at Helena, Mont., Jan. 14-16. Fully 
2,000 persons will be present. A sheep 
show will be held. At the wool growers' 
meeting the public land questions and the 
attitude of the national administration 
thereon, will be discussed. 

Pennsylvania Dairy Union. — The Penn- 
sylvania Dairy Union will hold its annu- 
al meeting at Wilkesbarre, Pa., Jan. 14- 
13. 1908. A good program has been ar- 
ranged and a profitable meeting is as- 
sured for all who can possibly attend. For 
particulars address W. E. Perham, Sec, 
Niagara, Pa. 



From Monkey-Wrenches to Cable-Cars. 



Several days ago, our M. W. Lawrence 
made a thoro inspection of the immense 
establishment of The Chicago House 
Wrecking Co., at Chicago. He walked 
over the 18 acres of buildings and storage 
yards, which this company keeps filled to 
overflowing with over $1,000,000.00 worth 
of new and second-hand material. Prob- 
ably every one of our readers already 
know, from the advertisements this com- 
pany has been running in our paper for 
many years past, that they are the only 
firm in the world in their line of busi- 
ness, which is principally purchasing 
for cash entire Exposition, Govern- 
ment buildings, etc. A few of their pur- 
chases are the World's Fair of 1893 at 
C hicago. Pan American Exposition at 
Buffalo, World's Fair at St. Louis, Gov- 
ernment Postoffice, Weddell House and 
Case Building, all at Cleveland, and hun- 
dreds of other large deals. They bought 
one of Chicago's largest railroad passen- 
ger depots, took it to pieces, rebuilt it on 
their own grounds, and now use it as one 
of their warehouses. When they buy an 
exposition, for example, it includes every- 
thing above or below the ground belong- 
ing to the exposition company. A few of 
the articles from the St. Louis Exposi- 
tion, that we saw at their plant, were 
several hundred swords carried by the 
Jefferson Guards (the exposition police 
force), fire engines and thousands of fire- 
plugs, the belt used on the mammoth en- 
gine in the exposition power plant (by 
far the largest belt ever made) the axle 
and other parts of the Ferris Wheel, etc., 
etc. In one part of the grounds, we were 
shown 60 cable-cars, and were told that 
The Chicago House Wrecking Co. 
bought outright the entire cable street car 
system of Chicago, including cables, 
tracks, cars and all. Practically all of the 
second-hand material, that we saw, was 
just as good as new, as for example, the 
plumbing material, lumber and other ma- 
terial in the St. Louis Exposition had. 
of course, only been used a few months, 
and this company have a large number 
of machine, paint and other shops on 
their grounds, where the second-hand ma- 
terial is put into just as good shape as 
when first manufactured. For example, 
take water pipe from the expositions. If, 
in taking it up. one end is broken, they 
cut off the broken part, re-thread both 
ends, repaint it, and the pipe is as good 
as new. only shorter than before. One 
thing that impressed us most favorably 
was the enormous size of the dump-pile, 
onto which they throw all material that 
is rot in good enough condition to sell to 
their customers. Much of the material in 
that pile looked good enough to be put 
to some use, but Mr. Rothschild, the 
manager of the company, told us that he 
will not ship out any goods on which 
there is any chance of complaint, and 
this dump-pile seemed to substantiate his 
claim. Only a portion of their stock is 
second-hand material, as one of the larg- 
est departments of their busine=s is the 
buying of the goods in stock of bankrupt 
factories, stores, lumber-yards, etc. These 
goods are. of course, bought very cheap, 
and are sold to their customers at a much 
lower price than they could' be bought for 
at regular stores. As an example, we 
saw a great number of monkey and pipe, 
wrenches, that would sell at stores foi 
two to three dollars each, that they sell 
at less than a dollar each. They were 
such a bargain that we bought four for 
our own use. They are advertised on the 
rack page of this issue. We walked thru 
miles ot aisles, between big stacks of 
goods, comnrising almost everything that 
is used in the home or on the farm. Fur- 
niture, carpets, rugs, pictures, bric-a- 
brac, plumbing and roofing materials, 
fence, lumber, every kind of machinery, 
and thousands of other art'cles. In fact, 
we were so imnressed v-'th both the 
quality of the roods, and the exceedingly 
low prices, that we bought over $1,000.00 
worth of goods, for our own u c e. before 
leaving. We met all of the officers of the 
comnanv. and found them to be an ex- 
ceedingly intelligent, courteous Mid hust- 
ling lot of gentlemen. Their office force 
is a verv large one. as is necessary to 
handle their enormous business. 



B & B 

sale==linens 

From Lot R19 you'll 
get the best Linens the 
money will purchase. 

We're direct importers of Lin- 
ens — prices all based on our cost in 
Europe — that low cost with extra 
determination to make this the 
banner Linen month puts these 
Linens in an unexampled position 
— Order and see. 

70-iiK'h Irish heavy all linen 
Table Linen — half bleached, few 
washings and sun baths will make 
Snow White — Scroll Stripe and 
Dot — Maple Leaf pattern with 
Grecian Border — All Over Rose--- 
Fancy Floral---Bow Knot and Daisy 
patterns---60c a yard. 

Extra large line Full Bleached 
Table Linen---Floral, Spot or Geo- 
metrical patterns---72 inches wide 
---all pure Irish Linen-- -$1 a yard. 

19 by 38-inch Hand Huck Towels— all 
White or with Red border — good weight, 
12i/ 2 c each. 

All Linen Absorbent Crash — 17 inch- 
es wide — narrow Blue border — 10c a yard. 

Other Linens — staple and fancy kinds 
to highest class Pattern Table Cloths and 
Real Lace Lunch Cloths. 




WAGON SENSF 

Don't break your back and kill yo\ 
\ borst-H with a high wheel wager. 
V For comlurt'6 sake get on 

Electric Handy Wager. 

It will save you time and money. A 
Bet of Electric Steel Wheels wij' 
WJ make your 'd vagon new at small 
coat. Write for catalogue. It is fret. 

ELECTRIC WHEEL CO., Boi 94, luincy, II'. 



Homeseekers, ■ ■ 
©ome to Tennessee 



mutely*. itu&t«<f Teaoesu* 
9 reaches so nth - 
rkcUjmtMci- 

treino southern -frown 
produce is exhausod. and reaches northern markets several 
weeks earlier than north ern-t,*ro wn stuff, thus commanding 
verybest |»riccsJ>uth north and south. From $100 to $400 per 
aero cleared from Cantaloupe, Cabbagra and Tomato crops in 
Tennessee in 1U07; notwithstanding, this land is selling for 
from $5 to $20 an aero. Excellent climate - pure water. ?or 
descriptive literature address H. K.Smith, TraMe Hgr., Dep. 
<>, Na-hillk, < bnttanooira 1c HI. Louis Ht., NashfHIr, Tean . 



FARM FOR SALE. ! 

340 acr««. Two jfood 1iouh6h; five barn*; good tim 
her; plenty of water; three windmills. Two mile* 
from Saline, 6 mile* from Ann Arbor. Good grave, 
roads. One of Uwj finest Ktain and stock farms Ifi 
Southern Michigan- Must be sold to settle an es- 
tate. Address G. L. HOYT, Saline, Michigan. 

rOl Ocife noldsCo ,Mo. 

Spltfndid grazing land for stock farm; near n©w 
railroad: $8 per acre. Terms to salt purchaser. 
PABNSWOBTH, BILLS 4 CO, 125 .Monroe St.Chici.t. 

- 

VV B '"an show you better values in farms thai. 

** you can set anywhere east of the Mi^hUs-ppi 
Uiver, in Logan County, Ohio. All impn.v <' 
farms, good piked r'*Ad|, and a good warm %oV — 
(jrows any crop-. Write for our new farm Ji t. 

THE BUCKET K R R A 1 Y CO M CANY. 
143 So. Main Street, BELLE PONTA INK. Oil ' . 



OHIO FARMS 



BOGGS & BUHL 

Allegheny P. 0., Pittsburg, Pa- 



r 



IT PAYS TO 
SPRAY 



The Iron Age 4-row Sprayer 
(rives perfect satisfaction. Puts solu- 
tion just where needed and in foir, 
like mist. Pump delivi rsspray under 
high pressure, thus reaching every - 
part of vine, effectually kill 
tog bugsand preventing 

blight. Has Orchard Iron Age 

tpraying attach- - ft W ft Tools, 
mint. Writofor m. tt^%J> A postal hrings 
free Catalog 
illustrating 
Sprayer 
n d 




■ Write for list dwrfli 
lug Central Ohio 
Farms with free pikes 
good land, markets an. I 
advantages ; low tax and valuations; good title*.. 
Write today. It'« free. We can please you. 
■STKYKNSU.N 6c KKXNKDY. Mary.Yillo, Union Co.. Ohio. 

TEXAS Farm PICTURES 

In booklet describing N.Texas Banner wheat, corn 
and cotton lands at *30 per acre, mailed free upon 
application to T KXAS F X KM LAND CO., 
277 Dparlmrn St. Chung", Illinois- 

!-acre highly improved farm. New 14-room 
house worth $4,000: 2 larce barns, i«-e 
hon se. cran a ry, carriage house. power wi ml 
mill, sugar bush. 20 acres timber; fruit. 
Verv fertile soil, Four miles from Oberlln. 
P. E. TWINING. R.1, OBERf.IN. O H IO. 

I00-0HI0 FARMS FOR SALE 

Descriptive list, quoting prices, and Illns. with 
20 half-tone views of Frwm Homes for sale. free. 
E. Iff . KISTLER, WARKK.V, OHIO. 



160 





inia Farms and Homes. 



althy climate. Splendid market, 
(HUM. It (o ,Ii.e .Hlehoioi.d, Va 



e soil, mild, h< 
to for catalog. It. B. 



Iron Age 
Four Row Sprayer 



BATEIflAH HIFfi.Ca.Box 103S,Grenloch,H.J. 



100% 



Hatches Every 
Fertile Egg 



The GLOBE Incubator does this all 
the time— has done it for 16 years — ■ 
and hutches strong. healthv chicks 
— chicks that lira and (row. Oar Blab. In- 
cubnt .r Book with beautiful color plates 

tell, you how to make re money out of 

I oultry Sent for 4c in stamps. Write today. 
( C. SHOKJIAKKli, Box MS, Frerport, 111. 




Two Farms for Sale; - 

Subdivide sr.ltably. Desirable location and values. 
J. W. PETERS, 330 W. Spring St., Columbus, Ohio 

f\V I AUfiMA - The tr " th about Oklahoma. Send 
UIM-HIl UlnM 50c stamps, for indexed mail 
and names of six farmers who will answer ques- 
tions. CHAS. ALLING, GCTII Rl F., OELA. 

FARM FOR RENT — Near Salisbury, Wicomico Co. 
Maryland. Also one for sale For full particulars 
address SAMUEL P. WOODCOCK, Salisbury. Md. 

PARMS in Trumbull and adjoining counties. 

List free. Services free. Write or wire for dates. 
Farnham & Knox, Em. 6. Franklin Bid*., Warren. O. 

Qove Co.. Kansas, has healthiest climate. bln< kesl 

soil, purest water, cheapest land and best or. 
Circular free WILE & BOYKR, Thornl. wo. Im*. 

BestSOOA. Farm ? 



teen springs. 



Watered by f- 
C. W. FLICK. SPRINGFIELD, OHIO 



Manager Wanted-^:^ 1 ^ 

Great chance for first-class man. 

H. C. DEVIN. Atty, Mt. Vernon. Ohio. 



WT? TT"P J - D - s - HANSON, Hi''. Michigan. 
" XvX X XJ f„ r price of fruit, gram and stock 
farms. It will pay yon to do so. 

Bargain— 80 acres for $7,200. One mile of Akr. n, 
O. Good soil, Iruit, water and bidgs. 200 nth. r 
farms. Free List. F. A. LEKSEB, Akron. Ohio 



HOW TO SELECT 

Safe Investments 

I TO YIELD 

Good Interest and Save Taxes 

The remarkable developments of the last four years in industrial 
lines have so increased the demand for money that at the present time 
well-seasoned securities are paying a higher rate of income than for 12 
years. Where such securities are offered by a company saving a good 
reputation, they are as safe for you as to deposit your money in banks; 
and your money earns twice as large an income for you, because you 
deal direct and receive the total interest paid in place of dividing the 
amount with your banker. 

Another feature that is especially desirable, and is worth at least 2< 
in addition to the dividend paid, is the fact that a It, cumulative, pre- 
ferred stock of an Ohio corporation is tax exemrt to Ohio investors. 

The average investor has not the time, experience or facilities to 
pass judgment upon securities. Our many years of experience in buying 
investment securities is at your service. In oitr judgment it is i excel- 
lent time for investors to place their surplus funds, as we are able to 
secure for you from C to 7 percent upon your money, free from taxes. 
We will gladly give you our list of securities upon application. 

The GEIGER, JONES COMPANY, 
218 N. Market St., Canton, Ohio. 



12- L4 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 11, 19C8 




1 POULTRY 



PROBABLY TUBERCULOSIS. 

G. C. M. of Leipsic, O., is having a 
pretty serious time with his chickens, 
and he asks for advice in the case. 
The chickens are having what seems 
to be an epidemic, and are dying pret- 
ty fast, I judge. Many of them get 
lame. Some are not thus affected and 
die within a few days, while those 
that are lame linger from ten days to 
two weeks. One of the lame birds was 
dissected. The joint of one leg was 
found enlarged and a yellowish pus 
was found in the joint. The bone above 
the joint was also affected, and the 
flesh could be pushed off the bone. The 
gizzard was twice its natural size and 
the intestines, were swollen. I presume 
that the liver was also badly diseased. 

I think that G. C. M. is having an 
epidemic of tuberculosis in his flock. 
While only an examination with a 
microscope could determine absolutely 
the presence of the.tubucular bacillus, 
yet the symptoms point pretty clearly 
to the existence of fowl tuberculosis. 
It affects the internal organs in the 
manner described. In many cases 
where the epidemic is present the 
joints will be swollen and the fowls 
become -lame, while in other cases in 
the same flock the disease will be con- 
fined to the internal parts. When it is 
wholly internal there is rapid emacia- 
tion, wasting of the muscles, and in 
the later stages, a persistent diarrhea. 
The organs of the abdominal cavity 
are more or less filled with tubercles, 
and sometimes, tho not frequently, the 
heart and lungs may have tubercular 
masses. 

Nocard, a French veterinarian, says: 
"Tuberculosis is a frequent disease 
with birds of the poultry yard. It oc- 
curs with them in an epidemic form." 
Salmon is of the same opinion. The 
usual way of introducing it into a flock 
is thru fowls that have been brought 
from some other flock that is affected. 
As pigeons are subject to it they may 
carry the disease. Some have thought 
that fowls may get it from sputum 
of persons who have consumption; but 
this it not at all clear. Neither is it 
positively known that people may con- 
tract the disease from tubercular fowls, 
tho it is well to be very careful in 
handling them. As there is no cure 
for it the only thing that can be done 
is to rid the place of the germs. The 
bacilli are scattered about the house . 
and the yards in the droppings of the 
fowls, and in this way the epidemic 
spreads. As long as there is an affect- 
ed chicken left it will scatter the dis- 
ease, and after it has been in a flock a 
while, every member of it will be more 
or less invaded by the fatal bacilli. 

If this outbreak is an epidemic of 
tuberculosis, and the description pret- 
ty clearly points that way, the only 
thing to do is to kill the whole flock 
atl'J burn it. Then the house should 
be thoroly cleaned, the walls washed 
with hot water and when dry they 
should be covered with whitewash to 
which carbolic acid has been added. 
The floors should be soaked with some 
effective germicide; the ground around 
the house scraped and sprinkled with 
the same preparation. After this work 
of cleaning and disinfecting has been 
carefully done, the house should be 
kept open for a month or more so that 
the sunlight rr.r.y get into it. Only in 
this way can the place be made fit to 
receive other fowls. 

Of course I should want to be satis- 
fled that It was tuberculosis before I 
killed all of my chickens. If It is that, 
the only remedy is the destruction of 
all the fowls that have been exposed. 
As there are other diseases of poultry 
that have some symptoms that resem- 
ble those of tuberculosis it is best, 
when the disease is suspected, to have 
an expert make a microscopical exam- 
ination of an affected bird. It is claimed 
that the tuberculin test can be used 
■with fowls the same as with cattle. The 
swelling of joints, abscesses, tumors, 
fistulas, ulcers, and lo=s of movement 
are frequently seen in this disease. 
Sometimes there are cheesy forma- 
tions, swellings and ulcers about the 
head. 

I should like to know if other read- 
is of this paper have ever had an ex- 



perience similar to G. C. M.'s. If they 
have, I hope that they will tell us 
something about it. It is a serious 
trouble and we need all the light on it 
that we can get. — Geo. D. Black.Greene 
Co., O. 



POULTRY NOTES. 



Fowls for Breeding. — For breeding 
purposes we place much reliance on 
the old ducks, turkeys and hens that 
have done good work. The young fowls 
will fill the egg basket the quickest but 
the progeny from the old fowls have 
the most vitality. It is a rule that the 
strongest offspring come from ma- 
tured birds. Geese and ducks, two 
years old, are much better for breed- 
ers than those under that age. A suc- 
cessful breeder of turkeys says one 
cause of weak, puny, hard-to-raise, 
young turkeys is the common prac- 
tice of keeping young hens for breed- 
ers, and our own experience seems to 
verify the statement. At harvest time 
the farmer finds out the evil effects of 
sowing poor seed. At hatching time the 
poultry raiser learns the result of us- 
ing roupy hens for breeding purposes. 
The chicks we find inherit the seeds 
of roup and cholera from parent stock. 
If some of the breeders show signs of 
roup and the rest are not in good con- 
dition, we are very apt to get poor 
hatches and weak chicks. 

Scaly Legs. — Watch closely for scaly 
legs before hatching time. Chicks 
hatched and reared by a scaly-legged 
hen are almost certain to have scabby 
legs. One application of kerosene oil 
will cure this trouble in the beginning, 
but if there is a very bad show of 
scurf, several application may be re- 
quired to entirely remove it. Some say 
that coal oil alone is too irritating; how- 
ever, I have never had any bad results 
from its use. It is always handy and 
penetrates into the scales and kills the 
parasite that causes this trouble. But 
any kind of oil or grease can be used 
and will finally effect a cure in the 
worst cases. When using coal oil we 
are careful not to allow it to run up 
into the feathers. 

Broilers.- — We used to produce a few 
good broilers without resorting to ar- 
tificial means when we happened to 
have several broody hens early and a 
house where they could run with their 
chicks. But if one wishes to raise a 
number of extra early chicks it won't 
do to depend on the hens alone for 
hatching or rearing them. It is only 
once in a number of years that we have 
many broody hens in February and 
March. The chicks hatched in these 
months bring a good price if we wish 
to sell them. They are the best for 
breeding purposes or egg production, 
are hardier than the later hatches, and 
with a good incubator, we can hatch 
them and start them free from lice. 
And after they are hatched it is just 
as easy to care for a number in a good 
brooder as it is to look after an old 
hen and a dozen chicks. The early 
chick needs plenty of warmth to do 
well, and the brooder is always ready 
to supply it if looked after properly. 
And the poor little chicks with the 
hens often have to wait until the old 
hen gets into the mood for hovering 
them. 

Early Sitters.— Make their nests 
warm by lining with paper and using 
plenty of straw. A layer of dry earth 
in the bottom of the nest helps to ex- 
clude cold air beneath the eggs. A 
coop placed over the nest is a protec- 
tion from cold and prevents annoy- 
ance from other hens. If the nest is 
not in a warm location the eggs are in 
danger Of becoming chilled when the 
hen leaves the nest in a cold time, and 
this is very apt to lessen the vitality 
of the chicks. If her nest is in a 
sheltered place and food and drinking 
water is handy, the eggs are not apt to 
become very cold while the hen is off. 
Bui it won't do to trust her too far. 
It is sometimes necessary to look af- 
ter her and induce her to return. We 
watch and see whether she uses the 
dust bath or not. If she does not. lice 
have a good show and their career must 
W ( hocked by the liberal use of lice 
powder, thoroly sifted and worked in- 
to the feathers, about once every week. 
— Fannie M. Wood, Rush Co.. Ind. 



How do you manage your poultry business? Are you content 
to _gather a moderate supply of eggs in springtime when prices 
are low, or do you aim to get your greatest number during the 
winter months when prices are up and "eggs are eggs?" The 
way to succeed with hens is to do what others don't do. When 
your neighbors' hens are on strike, then see that yours "get busy." 

If you will begin now to feed Dr. Hess Poultry Pan-a-ce-a 
your hens will' not stop laying at all. Of course the moulting 
season is an "off time," but even then Poultry Pan-a-ce-a will 
make a few eggs, and if you continue to give it regularly, you will 
get an abundance all through the cold winter days when others 
get none. 

DR. HESS 
Poultry PAN-A-CE-A 

is the prescription of Dr. Hess (M. D., D. V. S.) and is composed of 
elements which assist digestion, make good blood and cleanse the 
system of clogging poisonous matter. It is also a germicide and 
prevents poultry diseases. It has the unqualified endorsement of 
poultrymen in the United States and Canada, hastens the growth 
of young chicks and helps fatten old or market fowls. A penny's 
worth a day is sufficient for ^o hens. 



[FRESH 
EGQS- 
4-5* 



Sold on & written guarantee. 
1 1-2 lbs. 25c ; mail or express 40c; 
5 lbs. 60c; 12 lbs. $1.25; 
25 lb. pail $2.50. 

Except in Canada and 
extreme West and South. 

Send 2 cents for Dr. Hess 4S-page 
Poultry Hook free. 

DR. HESS & CLARK, 
Ashland, Ohio. 

Instant Louse Killer Kills Lice 



Anybody Can 
Make Money 




There's good money in raisin;; 
chickens ir vou fret started nsflit, w ! 
if yon get the right advice and help, " ' 
andahove all. ifyouget the right OUEtN 
incubators and brooders. ^ 

We've been in the chicken-raising business 
a good many years. That's what got us into 
the incubator business. 

We couldn't get machines that wonld give 
rjs the results we wanted, so we made our own 
after our own practical ideas. Since then 
we've sold over 80,000 successful machines. 
Queen Incubators are successful because 



$ 5 022. a Mont? 
made by Some 

they are practical— run them- 
selves—hatch vigorous chicks and 
lots of 'em— pay for themselves 
with one hatch. 

That's why their users are mak- 
ing from $30 to $50 from each machine they 
operate. Just send for our big, 100-paKe Free 
Queen Book— tells all about our 3 months* 
trial plan with 5 Tears' guarantee. You 
can'tfail with the Qneen. 

We help you get started right and help von 
as long as you want help. Write for book today. 
QUEEN INCUBATOR CO., Box 21. Lincoln. Neb. 




Profits from poultry- 
hints and helps that will 
mean dollars to you — all 
about Victor Incubators 
and Brooders — our guar- 
antee — our payment of 
1 r e i s h t — why our ma- 
chines produce go pet 
Cent hatches or better- 
all told in our new book 
"Incubator Whys.' 
Write for free copy I 
and let us know wheth- 
er interested in large 
or small machines. * 
Geo. Erlcl Co.Quincy. 111. 



A Free Book About 

Incubators 



We issue the best book ever written on 
Incubators— written by a man who has 
spent 2fi years iu perfect inp; them— by the 
man who made the Racine. It tells facts 
that you must know to get the ri^ht incu- 
bator. Don't buy without reading it. for 
the book is free. We Pay the Freight. 
Racine Hatcher Co.. Box 127) Racine. Wit. 
Wuehoccj Buffalo. Detroit. Kuus City. St- Paul. 



3 




Join Success 
witti Poultry 

" ' t fell with Poultry «hta I *■ ■ r <■ r « . fafSTSj 
u4 A cri cultural >t»U»t>i in ud recommend 
Cyphers Incubators and BroodersT 

Itwur* jourMirwItb out Moner-Btck Gutuim 
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Cllj, U«Al*od, C«4-.»i,J Uad^u, ! R : I Book 



Hatch Chickens by 
Steam with the 

EXCELSIOR INCUBATOR 
Or WOODEN HEN 




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for ia« is larger and lM-tter than ever. 
Tell* all at«jut pure-bred p ultry and 
lllu.iri.trt «<> WllUltl tVntaini lO 
beautiful rhf-amna of leading breed*— 
^ pretty enough to frame. Tells of bert l.ou*e 
Killer, how to care ili*ea*e*. make money. 
Only 10c postpaid. Send t.>-*lny for a copy. 

II. II. (.ItKIDI It. likrrm.. I'a. 



ET flORE EGG$ 




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mine 



Simple 
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priced flr»t-<tns» hatcher* made 
DRO. H - I A II 1, Qulnr,. 111. 




MANN'S 



LATEST MODEL 

BONE CUTTER 

lit. e»«v. tint: nerer clof*. 10 free 

No money in anVaace. Cat'Ig free. 
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Only <»i"- RROMO <»i IN1KB" 

That is LAXATIVE BROMnQDTNINR. took 
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Domestic Water Supply 

Provides all the conveniences of city water 
works at moderate coat 

Gas, Gasoline or Kerosene Knclnes for all purposes 
from 3 h. p. up. 
Cut out complete advertisement and send to 

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Monroo St, CMcato, 111. 

Please send me Illustrate.! Catalogue No. W 600 

Gaaoliue Eujrines. 

I may want _h. p. to , , . 

Street No 



Slate 



Jan. 11, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



13— £5 



THRIVING ALLEN CO., O., GRANGE. 



Jennings Grange, No. 1320, Allen. 
Co., O., held its twelfth annual Thanks- 
giving service at its hall; the service 
this year was made a special "Home 
Coming" event to those who had been 
members of the Order but had moved 
away or dropped out. The day was per- 
fect and brought out' a large crowd. 
Rev. C. B. Cramer of Spencerville, O., 
delivered a sermon from Psalms 33-12, 
"Blessed is the nation whose God is 
the Lord," which was full of good 



addresses of the officers for ensuing 
year on the back of the December re- 
port blank, being careful It) write 
names plainly. Otherwise you will de- 
lay the publication of the Roster. 

Pomona officers should be reported 
the first of each year, whether elected 
annually or biennially, in order to ap- 
pear hi the Roster. 

Always give name, number of your 
grange, and the county in which it is 
located, in every communication. Be 
sure to give the comnty or you can 
not be located quickly. 

The annual word will be sent to 
each master as soon as the grange is 
square upon the books for the quarter 
ending Dec. 31. 

On the first of August of each year 




JENNINGS GEANCE HALL, ALLEN CO., O. 



Photo by O. T. Rebick. 



thought and inspiration. At dinner 
the 50-foot table fairly groaned be- 
neath its load of good things. At 2 P. 
M. the drill team, composed Of 21 
young members, assisted by 5 more, 
gave a 25-minute patriotic march. We 
then had songs, papers, etc., and the 
topic, "Jennings Grange in Its Infan- 
cy," discussed by Attorney J. N. Baily, 
A. J. Roller, Elijah Arnold, and char- 
ter members John Whyman and Sena- 
tor T. M. Berry. Rev. J. B. Aschan of 
Delphos, 0., gave an address on "Some 
American Political Ideals." After a 
short evening service, 'oysters were 
served. 

Jennings Grange has had a steady, 
healthy growth for about one year; it 
has about outgrown its 26x46-foot hall 
and is contemplating building an ad- 
dition. Opposition is fast being over- 
come, people are seeing the good in 
the order, and prospects are encourag- 
ing. The accompanying picture is of 
the hall. — Sec'y Jennings Grange. 



the state secretary will count the num- 
ber of members reported and paid up 
for the quarter ending June 30, and 
immediately notify the granges in all 
counties entitled to additional dele- 
gates. 

Place accuracy before speed, send 
cash with all orders, and make all 
money orders payable on Galion, O. — 
S. E. Strode, Sec'y 0. S. G. 



BRAND NEW GRANGE IN LUCAS 
CO., o. 



STAMP SAVERS AND MISTAKE 
MINIMIZERS FOR OHIO PATRONS. 



For decisions on Grange law or par- 
liamentary usage, or instructions re- 
garding the organization or inspec- 
tion of Granges, address the state mas- 
ter," F. A. Derthick, Mantua, O. 

For campaign or educational litera- 
ture or any question pertaining to lec- 
ture work, address the State Lectur- 
er, L. J. Taber, Barnesville, O. 

For "Trade Circulars," or any infor- 
mation about the trade arrangements 
write the Business Agent, D. E. Dun- 
ham, Lebanon, O. 

On all matters relative to legislative 
action, address the Chairman of Leg- 
islative Committee, T. C. Laylin, Nor- 
walk, O. 

Send to National Secretary, C. M. 
Freeman, Tippecanoe City, O., for 
"Grange Melodies." "New Glad Ech- 
oes" is the only song book in stock in 
this office. If you want something new, 
send fifteen cents to Bro. Geo. W. Arm- 
strong, Lisbon, O., for "The Patrons' 
Pride," a compilation of original songs 
just out. 

For all other supplies not included in 
the above write to the State Secretary. 

Report blanks will be sent to each 
secretary in the state the last week 
of each quarter. 

Pay on the number of members at 
the beginning of the quarter as indi- 
cated on receipt card received from 
the state secretary for the previous 
quarter, and give number at close of 
quarter in proper place to be charged 
against your grange for the next quar- 
ter. 

Secretaries should not fail to give 



Patrons of Husbandry are increasing 
in Lucas Co. At Waterville, Tuesday 
evening, Dec. 17, Maumee Valley 
Grange was organized with a charter 
membership of thirty-one. Deputy J. 
S. Brigham of Bowling Green brought 
over with him the officers and team of 
Union Grange to put on the work. 
There are probably few better teams 
in the state. Whatever they do, they 
strive to do well. 

Francis Sheever is master of the 
new grange, and W. L. Haskins is sec- 
retary. Such men as the Farnsworth 
brothers, well-known institute lectur- 
ers, are included in its membership. 
We may expect to hear from the Mau- 
mee Valley in the future, as it is com- 
posed very largely of people who do 
things. — W. B. Woods. 



A YOUNG HENRY CO., O., GRANGE. 



Maumee Valley Grange, No. 1656,was 
organized at the home of Carlos Blair 
and sister near Texas, Henry Co., O., 
Jan. 4, 1907, by Deputy Master A. A. 
Huber of Hicksville, O., with forty- 
two charter members. It now has fif- 
ty-three members, and altho it has a 
much smaller membership than many 
granges mentioned in the Ohio Farm- 
er, still it is a live grange and contains 
good talent and ability, a number of 
Washington township's best farmers, 
and so many teachers that the meet- 
ings are held Friday night for their 
especial benefit. Much credit is due 
Worthy Master C. E. Matthews and 
Sister Matthews for their interest and 
labor for its success. The interest was 
a little slack during the summer, but 
is growing again, and members are 
getting ready for a. successful and en- 
joyable winter campaign which began 
with a Thanksgiving program at the 
meeting Nov. 29. Meetings are now 
held in the I. O. O. F. hall, located on 
the bank of the Miami and Erie Ca- 
nal and the picturesque and historic 
Maumee River, whose beauty is unsur- 
passed, and whose fertile valleys are 
unexcelled. — Mary E. Blair, Secretary. 



Pimples Stopped 

I n 5 Days 

Every Possible Skin Eruption Cured 
In Marvelously Qufck Time by 
the New Calcium Treatment. 

Send For Free Sample Package Today. 

Boils have been cured in 3 days, and 
some of the worst cases of skin dis- 
eases have been cured in a week, by 
the wonderful action of Stuart's Cal- 
cium Wafers. These wafers contain, as 
their main ingredient, the most thoro, 
quick and effective blood-cleanser 
known, calcium sulfide. 

Most treatments for the blood and 
for skin eruptions are miserably slow 
in their results, and besides, many of 
them are poisonous. Stuart's Calcium 
Wafers contain no poison or drug of 
any kind; they are absolutely harm- 
less, and yet do work which can not 
fail to surprise you. They are the most 
powerful blood purifier and skin clear- 
er ever discovered, and they never de- 
range the system. 

No matter what you suffer from, 
pimples, blackheads, acne, red rash, 
spots, blotches, rash, tetter or any 
other skin eruption, you can get rid 
of them long before other treatments 
can even begin to show results. 

Don't go around with a humiliating, 
disgusting mass of pimples and black- 
heads on your face. A face covered 
over with these disgusting things 
makes people turn away from you, and 
breeds failure in your- life work. Stop 
it. Read what an Iowa man said when 
he woke up one morning and found he 
had a new face: 

"By George, I never saw anything 
like it. There I've been for three years 
trying to get rid of pimples and black- 
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I can't find a blackhead. I could write 
you a volume of thanks, I am so 
grateful to you." 

You can depend upon this treatment 
being a never-failing cure. 

Just send us your name and address 
in full, today, and we will send you a 
trial package of Stuart's Calcium Wa- 
fers, free to test. After you have tried 
the sample and been convinced that all 
we say is true, you will go to your 
nearest druggist and get a 50c box and 
be cured of your facial trouble. They 
are in tablet form, and no trouble 
whatever to take. You go about your 
work as usual, , and there you are — 
cured and happy. 

Send us your name and address to- 
day and w.e will at once send you by 
mail a sample package free. Address 
F. A. Stuart Co., 175 Stuart Bldg., 
Marshall, Mich. 



Maple Orove Poultry form Ims w. w. Hawkins* strain, Col- 
umbian JV. Arnold'! itrain 11. P. Hocks Thomson strain B.C. 
W. Legh.. WyckolT's laying strain. Good breeders at $1 and $: 
cacll, trios, and £5. hxhihition liirds at reasonable pricct 

Circulars free. M. EARL FORREST. Prop., H. 2, Rutland, Okl< 



Huir Orplagtoaa 1 MhlieWja 
I dottt'M. Yenrllijr* and 3«u 
lock in palm. Trios, pens and SOfktrf In, Ileal. 
FglTB, SM.UO per 15. Special | rleei for 10 da»s. 
Illustrated cnMlui free LINK I. Kill I I >, I- ullmilium . Okli 



( Iholoe Gol. Wyiui. S.s. H aiii I,urg8.s.& It.C. B. Win. 
VVoieuB.IJuir Leeh'8, Orpingtons, lid.& lln ft Rocks, 
MAm.Peklu Ducks, 'Potilou.e Geese. Mam. Bronze 
& Wh.llol Tuikeys.IUli.li H Ruby, Millereburt', O. 



W. H.. Narragansett and Bourbon Reds 
, S. C R.I. Ueds," b. and Silver Wyans .lir. 
Orp'g'ns, B. P. it Wh. bocks. Toulouse geese and Pekin di cks. 
Stock and prices correct. W. R. CAHLL', It. 1, Jacobsburg, U, 



Knoll I'oultry Farm, Box 40, R. 3, Alburn. O. 
M. B. Turkey*. Pekin liucks, W. rind Unit 
R. S. & R. C. B. Leghorns and S. <;. 11. Mlnorms. 
Ferrets, S. Collies, B. Hares. Sold on approv al. 

CATALOG FREE 

"Sent-by-Mail Poultry Supplies. Just published anil best ev/AC 
compiled. STAPLER'S, 45J Ferry St., Pittsburg, Penna. 

QOO Select brei den in it. A S, C. ISr. Legh.., Bd..Wh t 1:1 
O W Rocks, R. ct S. C. Red ckls, Pekin drakes. Extra line 
vigorous, farm-rnHed, prolific hustlers. Trap-nest bred from 
best f 'nd'n slock. Bargains $1 up. Investigate this II 4 V buy 
State wants. Cir free. W. 3. CRAWFORD, R. (J. Frozeysbuig.O. 

^UUIVCI tjl» r UI OrtltJ. piymouiu llorks, Itutf 
Wyandotte*, Buff Leghorns A Whit. Faced Black Kuankh. I La- 
loguefree. W. B. SI. A IK it SON, Uept.l, Hl.TOMIAU, OHIO 



Famous Rhode I. Reds 



-Cockerels, pul- 
lets and eggs. 
(Both combs) from heavy-laying strain. Circular 
free. 1''. L. OBKlt, Box 23, Wlilte Ash, Penon. 



Tyr A.VIMOTH Bronze Turkeys— Winners of the 
prize for 6 years at Ohio State Fair. Pekin 
Drakes. FRED ANTHONY. North Lawrence, O. 

MTK T"nrlr<iT7Ct— A fine lot of good bono 
. x>. x umuy & ailll wel] , ,, , at re . 

duced price. W. 1£. Cadwullader, R. 4, Lynchburg, if. 

TJluclc Langsbuus, Barred Plymouth Rocks, S. L. 
■*■* Wyandotte, Butt Orpingtons. Choice stock. 
Prices low. C. W. WALN . East Monroe, Ohio. 

White Holland Toms ^1! , ' '! : 

J. B. HEIM & SON, MOCLTRIE, Ohio. 

P^rPOffl RaiiI/c — America's finest strain. I 
CC8M CU HUbRd er.-U. liana and null. I A □ 
erate prices. L. W. Clelland.R. 2,Kairmount, W.Vu. 

C C.WIIITK LEGHORN cockerels— from trio pnr- 
chased from I.akewood Fm, N.J. Improve your 
stock by buying one, (2 each. H. D. JONES, Delaware, Ohio. 

T)arred and Buff Rocks — America's finest strains. 
-I' Finest Scotch Collies, breil from fmpM cham- 
pions, at low prices. Clias. J. Webb, Kinsman, Ohio. 

T>arre<l Plymouth Rocks exclusively — 35 selened 
*" ckls. Wt ,7 to 9 U 2 lbs. Well barred; good Shane; 
farm range, E. P. GKEER, R. 1, Gree.svillc, Ohio. 



T>arred Rocks exclusively for twenty-two years. 
J * Choice ckls , $1.25 and $1.50 each. A few pul- 
lets at 75c ea.Chas. A. l'enquite,R.2,Blancheeter,0. 



TJar^ains in Barred & Huff Rks.tV Hrnnze Turkeys. 

, Bd. RkS,, Thompson and Bradley strains; Buff 
Rks., Nugget strain. D. M. McQueen, Bowerston O. 

T> 1. Reds and Wh.Wyand*. as good as grow. Ch. 

breeding and exhiht'n birds bred from Cleve- 
laud winners. Prices right. B. Billings, Oberlfn, O. 



Barred P. Rocks 



-S. C. W. and Br. I.egh'n'*. 
Quality the best, $2 each, 
$5 per trio. W. L. CAR1.KTON, Pomeroy, Ohio. 

Rinplpt Barred Rocks— High class show and 
nillgid breeding cocks and cockerels. Priced 
to sell.Grubb & Richardson, R.l, McConnelUville.O. 



Leghorns ^^.JSgm, '"^.Rocks 

Farm raised. II vy layers. L. F. MA RTIN .Newtown .O. 

T3pe4- Toulouse iit-vse, Pekin ducks. Wh Hoi. 
iJC3t Turkeys. White Wyandotte and White Rk. 
ckls. for sale. E. Schieber, R. 2. Bucyrus, Ohio 



\T TK Till KEYS— King Dixey strain. Large frame and t 
1*1. X>. y rom chicago prize W i nn er, 1900. Wt.41 lbs. «1 



I bone. 

cago prize winner, ltfuti. « t.*l Hjs. « hen a 
yearling. S. C. R. I. Ked ckls. W'M. J. SMITH, Ossian, Ind. 



Fine large cockerels, Br. W. and Buff Rocks, L. 
Brahmas. Best strains. Also Pekin Pucks. 



AMAN SAVED 

BY USSNC A FOLDING SAWING MACHINE. 



One man can snn nor* 

wood with It than two 
In any other w ay and 
do it easier. O CORDS 
IN 10 HOURS. Saws 
any wood on any 

ground. Sawa trees 
own. Catalog free. 
Fira* order secures agency. 




Folding Sawing Math. Co., 15S E. Harrison St., Chicago, III. 



IOO 

Write for prices. P. E. TWINING, R. 1, OBF.RL1N, OHIO 

Wh. Plymouth Rocks^k^' 1 ? 8 /", 

$5.00. A. H. ICESSI.fcR, Ludlow Falls. Ohio. 



MP Turkeys bred from hiitli Scoring 
■ °* also B. 1*. K"ck.S.('.B. l.f'L'.<t Klue 



Insian dels. 



Birds, 
Amln- 

I'.OWKEN. IC. 1. Sonor», I), 



Single Comb White Leghorn Ckls. 

n ow ready, li. F. R A l.l.F. H KR, .M t. i 1 ead , Ohio. 



I nnd White Rock*. Huff Orpington cocker. 
, $2. Fine, large vigorous bird?. Write us*. 
THKO. HURT A SONS. Melrose. Ohio. 



mm 



ARE TOO VALUABLE 
TO SELL 




Your horse and cow hides will be worth 
more to you made up into Fur Robes, Coats. 
"■"""""""""" B ^*""^™ Mittens, etc., than the little money the butcher 
will pay you for them. A coat like we will make for you from one 
large hide or two small ones, for from $'J.50 up, will last for years: 
be water, moth and wind proof, and will keep you snug, warm 
and dry in the coldest, wettest weather. Robe lined with best 
plush from J7.00 up. 



No matter where you 
live WE WILL PAY THE 
FREIGHT on all hides 
sent to us to be made 
into Coats and Rohes* 



Any color looks well. Our process of tanning makes the skins soft 
and pliable, and the finished coat or robe will be so hand- 
some it will be a surprise to you if you never saw one 
of our cow or horse hide garments before. v\ e guar- 
antee workmanship and complete satisfaction— are 
the largest firm in the country tanning, manufact- 
uring and selling direct to consumer. Don t sell a 
hide, but write to us for our 40-page catalog giving 
full particulars and showing the various styles or 
fur goods we make. It's FREE— write for it today. 
NATIONAL FUR and TANNIXO CO.. 
113 Feeler St., Three Rivers, Mich. 





THE OHIO FARMER. 



JA>, ±1, io\jo. 



MARKETS 1 



OUR CHICAGO LETTER. 

Chicago 111.. Jan. 6, 1908. 
RECEIPTS. 

Cattle. Hogs. Sheep. 

Received today 31,000 57,000 23,000 

Same day last vear. 32.429 47.221 38.035 
Received last w'k. .52,597 189,577 61,571 
Same w'k last y'r.. 61,005 146,044 83.398 

Cattle were in greatly reduced demand 
last week, and all that prevented a 
marked decline was the unusually small 
receipts. There were rallies on Monday 
and earlv cn Wednesday, followed by sub- 
sequent reactions. The market for plain, 
litrht steers, such as were not wanted oy 
shippers, was slow most of the time. 
Beef steers sold to a large extent between 
$1.50 and $5.75; common to fair, $3.60(5) 
4.60; choice, heavy, shipping beeves. $5. 50 
@6.10; good cattle. $5.10 and upward; 
medium kind, $4.70(5)5. Exporters were 
moderate buyers at $4.70(5)5.50. Butcher- 
ing lots were the most active on the 
whole, and sales were at higher averase 
prices. Cows and heifers went at $2,650 
4.75; canners and cutters. $1.2502.60; 
bulls. $2(5)4.50; calves, $2(5)7; milkers and 
springers, $20045 per head. There was 
riol much demand for stockers and feed- 
ers, but prices were largely 10015c high- 
er, sales being made at $2.25(5)4.40. few 
going higher than $4.10. Now that the 
holidays are over, much larger receipts of 
cattle are in order, and if country ship- 
pers send in as many as they did a few 
weeks a.*ro. lower markets may be expect- 
ed. The best advice that can be given 
to cattle feeders is to market their cat- 
tle as soon as they mature, but to retain 
the immature cattle if they are making 
good gains, for it is believed that better 
times will be seen before the spring trade 
o^ens. The cattle market was fairly ac- 
tive today, but the greatly increased .re- 
ceipts caused an average decline of 10© 
15c. with the best selling at $6. 

Hogs were marketed last week in great- 
ly increased volume, and the market was 
apt to be slow and lower. Its strength 
was attributable wholly to purchases 
made by speculators and shippers. The 
feature of the market is the good pre- 
jtiium paid for fat. heavy hogs, such lots 
being offered in diminishing numbers. 
The receipts are running largely to young 
hogs of light weights, there being a great ' 
many pigs weighing from 100 to 140 lb. 
The recent average weight of the hogs 
marketed has been 209 lb., a decline of 
13 lb. from a year ago. The future course 
of the market will be governed largely by 
the receipts and the shipping demand, 
for the packers are as bearish as ever. 
Last week's average weight was increased 
to 215 lb. Today's market was unexpect- 
edly lively at unchanged prices, hogs sell- 
ing freely at $4.20(5)4.65. despite the re- 
markably liberal receipts. 

T.ast week witnessed another big boom 
in sheep and lamb prices, with lambs 
leading. During the latter part of the 
week prime lambs sold as high as $7.05, 
the highest in a long period, while ex- 
tremely high prices were paid for sheep 
and yearlings. A few culls sold at $4.50(5) 
5.50. but no good lambs went below $6.50. 
and feeders wanted lambs at $506.25. 
Fed yearlings sold at $5.50(5)6.25. while 
ewes sold at $2.50(5)5, and wethers at 
t\. 50(5)5. 25. with sales of rams at $2.50 
©4.50. It is hoped that the worst is over, 
many weak holders having liquidated, but 
it is not at all probable that last week's 
advance will be maintained. The mar- 
ket today was largely 10c lower, best 
Jon.bs going at $6.95. top wethers around 
?5 10. and choice ewes around $4.90% 

Horses are still "In the dumps." with v 
a very poor general demand and extreme- 
!•• c mnll offerings of the different classes. 
TM:r drafters are the leaders, at $165(5)220 
pt head, largely at $175*5)200: feeders 
s'ow sale at $150(5)200. Good, second-hand 
c'tv horses are offered freely and sell 
f'iwIv at $125(5)175. these horses taking 
the place to a great extent of fresh coun- 
t-v receipts. A few drivers from the 
c-Titry are selling at $100(5)250 and up- 
ward. — F. 

CHICAGO TOP PRICES A TEAR AGO. 

T> rime steers. $6.50(5)7.20; choice beeves. 
$1. 8506.25: hogs, best grades. $6.25(5)6.50; 
cilves. $2.25(5)8.50; sheep. $3.50(5)6. Mutton 
yearlings, $5.75 0 6.85; feeder lambs, $6.00 
©6.80; lambs, $5(5)7.85. 



BUFFALO LIVE STOCK. 



there were no strictly choice steers on 
sale. Advances in medium and common 
butcher cattle division also reached a 25- 
cent higher level than they did a week 
ago in many instances. Choice heifers oc- 
casionally sold up to $5 cwt., while fat 
cows ranged from $4.50. Bulls were quot- 
able strong 15c higher than last week, 
while only the best feeders were quotable 
steady in the stocker and feeder division. 
Canners sold at $1.75. Milkers and spring- 
ers of good quality were scarce, and 
steady, while the common grades were 
weak to $2 per head lower. Milkers were 
most in demand, and sellers found spring- 
ers very dull sale at times. All grades of 
hogs were 10 to 15 cents lower than Sat- 
urday's opening. The run was liberal, 27,- 
I'lin li. i.l '1 11,' general market was SLTO^i) 
4.80. The excessive run of 22,000 head of 
sheep and lambs made the outcome un- 
certain. The early trading was mostly 
done on a 10-cent lower basis than the 
closing quotations on Saturday, and buy- 
ers bought all the good lambs they could 
get to at $7.60(5)7.65. A few loads sold 
during the closing hours at $7.75. Cull 
lambs sold around $6; fair to good lots. 
$6.75(5)7.35. Yearlings ready sale mostly at 
$6.40@6.50. Other grades of sheep sold 
strong thruout the day, occasional choice 
heavy ewes, $5.25;, wethers, $5(5)5. 50. There 
were 1,600 head of calves on sale. The 
top range was $9.50@9.75; best cull calves 
sold near $7. Heavy calves slow, meeting 
only indifferent call. The close saw ev- 
erything cleaned up in good shape and 
buyers still requesting good vealers. 
REPRESENTATIVE SALES. 

Cattle. — 19 export steers, 1345 lb., $5.65; 
10 do.. 1109 lb.. $5.15; 11 butcher steers, 
1098 lb.. $5.15; 21 do.. 1072 lb.. $5; 23 fat 
cows and heifers, 1195 lb.. $1.25; 24 do.. 
1050 lb.. $3.50; 14 stockers and feeders, 635 
lb., $3.50; 11 do.. 590 lb.. $3; 3 bulls, 2013 
lb.. $4.55; 1 do., 1380 lb.. $4. 

Hogs.— 37 heavies. 301 lb., $4.80; 47 do., 
258 lb., $4.75; 78 mixed and mediums, 201 
lb., $4.80; 73 do.. 228 lb., $4.75; 17 York- 
ers, 132 lb.. $4.80; 130 do., 165 lb.. $4.75; 47 
pigs, 116 lb., $4.75; 30 do.. 121 lb.. $4..75; 
12 roughs, 325 lb., $4:25; 15 do., 383 lb., 
$4.15; 1 stag. 451 lb.. $3.75. 

Sheep and Lafnbs.— 56 lambs. 69 lb., 
$7.75; 145 do., 90 lb.. $7.50; 26 cull lambs, 
59 lb., $6; 26 do., 63 lb., $6.50; 155 year- 
lings, 90 lb.. $6.40; 30 do.. 83 lb., $5.75; 10 
sheep, 140 lb.. $5.75; 18 do. 106 lb.. $4.50; 
7 cull sheep. 98 lb.. $3; 14 do., 70 lb.. $2.25; 
1 buck, 150 lb., $4. 

Calves.— 11 calves. 173 lb.. $9.75; 12 do., 
165 lb.. $9; 17 cull calves, 135 lb.. $7; 12 
do.. 110 lb., $5.50; 1 heavy calf, 329 lb., 
$5.25; 1 do.. 250 lb., $5.— S. 

BUFFALO TOP PRICES A TEAR AGO. 

Steers. choice to extra. $5.00(5)6.10; 
calves, $8.50@9.50; lambs, $7.90@8; mixed 
sheep, $4.7505.50; wethers, $5.50(5)5.75. 
Hogs, mixed packers, $6.75; pigs, $6.85@ 
6.90. 



East Buffalo. N. Y.. Jan. 6. 1908. 
The receipts of cattle from Monday un- 
til Saturday last week numbered about 
300 head. The fore part of the week saw 
slow trade, but later there was more ac- 
tion and prices toned up 10 to 15 cents per 
cwt. The demand was not entirely sat- 
isfied, with everything fit to kill cleaned 
up at the end of the week. The range of 
hog prices last week was $1.70(5)4.90. The 
receipts were none too liberal, and sell- 
ers enjoyed a fair clearance. Packers 
supported the market well, and prices 
were largely governed by the principal 
"Western markets. Fight-cent lambs were 
a feature early last week, but from Wed- 
nesday on there was a lower tone to the 
market. The receipts picked up consider- 
ably, and the best Iambs sold around 
$7 75. ranging down to $7.50. according to 
quality. The total offerings of ralves for 
last week, except Monday, numbered only 
800 head. Prices on the eond veal« were 
V/>rv even, from $9 50 to $9.75 for the en- 
tire week, and the market was featured 
by a few extra choice which sold at $10 
per cwt. Cull calves sold for about 7c at 
all limes. 

The cattle market today, with 3 300 
head on sale was 15 to 25 cents higher. 
Oi'al'tv considered, the prices obtainable 
vwe fully a quarter better than any time 
l ist week. 'I'll,- extreme top. however, was 
not verv high. $5.66. owing to fact that 



OUR PITTSBURG LETTER. 



Union Stock Yards. 
Pittsburg. Pa., Jan. 6. 1908. 

Cattle. — The receipts today were 135 
loads against 70 loads last Monday, be- 
ing the largest supply we have had for 
three weeks. The attendance of buyers 
was only fair and the market ruled slow 
at barely steady to 10c per cwt. lower, 
heavy cattle, as well as the plain grades. 
The fat handy tidy butcher grades sold 
about steady. Fat cows, heifers and bulls 
were steady. Fresh cows in liberal sup- 
ply and on all except choice sold lower. 
Springers very slow sale at low price. 

Extra, 1400 lb $5.50@5.65 

Prime, 1300 to 1400 lb 5.35@5.40 

Good, 1200 to 1300 lb 5.20(5:5.35 

Tidv, 1050 to 1150 lb 4.75@5.15 

Fair, 1000 to 1100 lb 4.25(5)4.65 

Fair, 900 to 1000 lb 3.25(5)4.10 

Common. 700 to 900 lb 3.00@3.50 

Rough, half-fat. 1000 to 1300 lb. 4.004D4.75 

Common to good fat oxen 3.00(5)4.00 

Common to good fat bulls .. .. 2.75(5)4.25 
Common to good fat cows . . . . 2.00ffi4.00 

Heifers, 700 to 1100 lb 3.0004.60 

Bologna cows, per head .... 7. 00(5)14 
Fresh cows and springers $16(5)55 

Calves. — Receipts of calves 500 head. 
Market active at steady prices. 

Veal calves $5.50(59.00 

Heavy and thin calves 3.00@5.00 

Hogs. — The supply of hogs on sale to- 
day was 100 double-deck loads. With the 
liberal supply on sale the market ruled 
20 to 25 cents per cwt. lower than last 
week's closing values. A good clearance 
of all on sale was made. 

Prime heavy T $4.75©.... 

Prime medium weights 4.75©.... 

Best heavy Yorkers 4. 75©.... 

Good light Yorkers 4.65©4.70 

Pigs • 4.6004.65 

Common to good roughs 4.0804.86 

Stags 3.25 03.60 

Sheep. — The receipts of sheep and 
lambs today were 17 double-deck loads. 
The bulk of the offerings were lambs. 
With a good demand the market ruled 
active and 10c cwt. higher on best lambs. 
Other grades lambs and sheep steady to 
strong. 

Prime wethers $5.00ifr5.25 

Good mixed 4.6004.90 

Fair mixed ewes and wethers. 1.00,04.40 

Culls and common 1.60W3.00 

Culls to choice yearlings 3.00<iit6.00 

Spring lambs 5.0007.25 

REPRKSKNT \TIVE SALES. 
Cattle.— IS head, nil lb.. $5.75; 17 head. 
1868 lb.. $5.60; 17 bead. 1352 lb.. $5. 4"; 38 
b.nd. 13S6 lb.. $5.35; 42 head. 1261 lb.. 
$5.25; 38 head. 11S0 lb.. $5.m : 22 head. 1129 
lb.. $5: 21 head. 1150 lb.. $4.95; 25 head, 
111S lb.. $4.75; 23 head. 873 lb.. |4.60; 14 
head. 1007 lb., $4.50; 25 head. 1080 lb.. 
84.87. 

Hogs.— 61 head. 279 lb.. $4.75; 109 head. 
187 lb.. $4.75: 139 head. 151 lb . $4.75: !>3 
bend. Ill lb $4 75: 53 head. 90 lb. $4 60; 
120 head. 109 lb.. $4.70. 

Sheep —200 head. 96 lb.. $6.30: 92 head. 
88 IK. $5; 16S head. 105 lt>.. $4.40: 41 head. 
112 lb.. $4.25. 

Lambs.— 120 head. 80 lb.. $7.50: 131 head. 



87 lb., $7.40; 108 head, 70 lb., $7.35; 112 
head, 88 lb., $7.30; 161 head, 81 lb., $7.20; 
113 head, 69 lb., $7; 50 head, 50 lb., $5.— 
J. F. W. 

PITTSBURG TOP PRICES A TEAR AGO. 

Steers, prime to extra. $5.4006.00; fair 
to good, $405.35; calves, $3.5009.25; 
hogs, prime heavy, $6. 65; medium weights, 
$6.6006.75; pigs, $6. 75; sheep, good mixed, 
$5.25 0 5.50; prime wethers, $5.6005.75; 
lambs, $5.50 0 7.75. 



CLEVELAND 



YE STOCK. 



Reported by W.K. Sadler Commission Co. 

Cleveland, O., Jan. 7, 1908. 

The cattle market is steady at last 
week's prices. There is a good general 
demand for all grades. Calves about 25c 
higher. Sheep 25c higher; lambs. 10015c 
higher. Hogs about 10 to 15c lower but 
the market is active. 

Cattle. — Good to choice fat dry-fed 
steers, 11.50 lb., up, $505.50; fair to 
choice, 1.000 to 1,200 lb., $4.5005.00; fair 
to good, $404.50; good, 900 to 1.000 lb., 
$404.50; fair, 900 to 1.000 lb., $3.5004.00; 
light butcher steers. 750 to 850 lb., $3.25 
©3.75; coarse, rough fat steers. 1.000 
lb., up. $3.5004.00; good to choice heif- 
ers. 1,000 lb., up, $404.35; fair to good 
light. $303.75; good to choice fat cows, 
$303.40; fair- to good, $2.50 0 3; com- 
mon grades, $1.5002.50; good fat bulls, 
$3.5003.75; sausage bulls. $2.75 0 3.25; 
milch cows and springers, $25 0 55. 

Calves. — General market on good stock. 
$8.3508.75; fair to good do.. $7. 75*© 8. 25; 
common, light, thin, $5.50@6.50; heavy 
fee. $3.5004.50. 

Sheep. — Good to choice wethers. $4.75 
05.50; best mixed sheep, $4.2504.50; fair 
to good. $3.7504.00; common and culls, 
$203. Choice lambs. $7.2507.50; fair 
to good, $6.5007; common and culls, $50 
6.00. 

Hogs. — Mixed and mediums. $4.60© 
4.65; Yorkers. $4.6004.65; pigs. $4.6004.65; 
stags, $3.2503.50; roughs. $4©4.10. Wag- 
on lots. 15025c under car prices. 

CLEVELAND TOP PRICES A TEAR AGO. 

Beeves, good to choice, $5.25©5.75; fair 
to good. $3.75 0 4.50; calves, best grades 
$8.2509.00; fair to good. $7. 25 ©8. 00; best 
mixed sheep. $4.75©5.25; choice wethers, 
$5.2505.50; Iambs, choice. $7.60©7.75;good 
butchers. $6.5007; medium and heavy 
hogs, $6.60 0 6.65; pigs. $6.6006.65. 



CINCINNATI LIVE STOCK. 

Cincinnati. Jan.' 6. — Hogs — Active. 5® 
10c higher; butchers and shippers, $4.60® 
4.65; common. $3.50®4.25. 

Cattle. — Active, 10c higher; fair to good 
shippers, $4.9005.40; common, $2 03.25. 

Sheep.— Higher, $2.2504.75. 

Lambs.— Firm, $4.50©5.85. 



NEW YORK MARKETS. 



The Journal of Commerce and Commer- 
cial Bulletin of Jan. 4, says: Really top 
grades of butter are very scarce and 
bring good prices, other grades are steady 
but much inferior butter is selling well 
because of the absence of better stock. 
Cheese is easy at steady prices. Eggs are 
steady on desirable grades, others draggy. 
Live poultry is in good position and prices 
are steady to firm. Dressed poultry is 
selling less favorably because of unfavor- 
able weather. The potato market contin- 
ues weak because of quiet demand. Other 
vegetables about as quoted. 

Dairy Products — Butter, creamery ex- 
tras. 29rfT>30c: firsts. 26% ©28c: seconds 
and thirds. 21 0 26c; held, 22028c. State 
dairy, 20@28c; Western factories, 15^® 
19V£e. Process, 15@23c. Packing stock 15 
@18c. 

Cheese. — Full cream. small. 15*»c: do. 
large, 15%®15?4c; do. common to prime, 
9@15c; skims, 3%@llc. 

Eggs. — Near-by selected. 29©34c: near- 
by mixed. 27®30c; fresh gathered. 22® 
29c; refrigerator, 12®19c; limed. 13@18c. 

Poultry, live. — Chickens. 11c; fowls. 
13c; roosters. 8c; turkeys. 13c; ducks. 
12® — c; geese. 10@llc; pigeons. 20c pair. 
Poultry, dressed. — Turkeys, eastern. 16® 
20c; do. western. 15019c. Spring cb.lok.ens, 
eastern, 12023c; do. western. 120 20c. 
Spring chickens, roasting, eastern. 10© 
18c; do. western, 7®15c. Fowls, western 
dry-picked. 707\£c; western st?alded, 7® 
11c; old roosters, 8c; ducks. B0l2%c; 
geese, 7®13c. 

Vegetables. — Beans, marrow. g 2 SG 
bu.; medium. $2 0 2.30 bu.; pea, $202.30; 
kidney. $L85©2.05; lima. $3.60. Potatoes. 
$1.7502.60 obi.. $1.870 2 per 180-lb. bag. 
Sweet potatoes. Jerseys. $2.50®3.50 bbl.. 
$1.25©2.00 basket. Beets. $1.75©2 bbl. Car- 
rots. $101.25 bbl. Celery. 15©60c doz.Cab- 
bage. $6®12 ton. 75c©$l bbl. Onlons,$1.50 
©4.50 bbl.. $1®3 bag. Pumpkins. $101.50 
bbl. Parsnips. 75c5 $1. String beans. $1.50 
®3.25 basket. Squash, $1.5002 bbl. Tur- 
laips. 75c© $2 bbl. 

Fruit — Apples. $1.5004.50 bbl. Pears. 
$2.50©4 bbl. Cranberries. $308 bbl.. $1© 
1.75 crate. 



Till: POTATO MARKET. 
There Is little demand for potatoes and 
with liberal offerings prices continue weak. 
Quotations at principal markets.. Jan. 4. 
were as follows: New York. $1.76 0 2.50 
bbl.. $l.S7*i 2 bag. Philadelphia. 65©73c 
bu. Chicago. 60<;r62c. Cincinnati. 60®fi5c. 
Pittsb'irir. <"■" n":v. St. Louis. 50ifi58c. 
Cleveland. OiWifiSc. Louisville. 60063c. 



DAIRY MARKETS. 
Elgin. Jan. 6— Butter— Firm. He higher 
than last week, at 29*t<\ Output of dis- 
trict for week 694.100 lb. 



Indiana State Corn Show — Premium 
lists for the Indiana corn show to be 
h. ld at the Purdue University. Jan. 13-18. 
1908. are now ready for distribution. Val- 
uable prizes have been provided for win- 
ners In the corn contest, and an interest- 
ing program has been arranged for all 
who attend. For program, rules, premi- 
um lists, etc.. write to G. L Christie. La- 
fayette. Ind. 



CLEVELAND MARKETS. 

Cleveland. O.. Jan. 7. 1908. 
There is the usual after-holiday lull in 
the local markets, but prices are mainly 
steady. Butter was advanced a half cent 
on all grades. Best grades of butter are 
extremely scarce. Eggs are steadv under 
normal receipts. Poultry is higher and 
fairly active. Grains are active and wheat 
is higher. Vegetables are slow. There is 
little demand for potatoes and receipts 
cover all demands at prices about steady 
with past weeks. Fruits are quiet and 
steady. Sugar was advanced 20c per cwt. 
on all grades. 

FARMYARD AND DAIRY. 

Butter — Elgin creamery extras. 310 
31%c; prints. 32032%e; state and west- 
ern, 29@29»4c; process. 25%®26c on best 
grades; under grades. 24®24Vic; dairy. J4 

0 25c; prints, lc higher. 

Cheese — York state, full cream. 16© 
16%c; Limburger, 17@18c; Sweitzer. 17''. 
©18%c; brick cheese, 16017c; Ohio full 
cream. 15016c. 

Eggs — Prime firsts. 25c; current re- 
ceipts, 24c; refrigerator extras. 20c;firsts, 
18c. 

Poultry — Fowls. ll@HHc; light. 12© 
12V£c; pigeons. $101.25 doz. ; squabs. $2© 
2.25 doz.; ducks. 10Vfe@llc; geese. 10^0 
11c; turkeys, 15016c. Dressed poultry? 1 
@ 1 V4c higher. 

GRAIN, FLOUR AND FEED. 

Wheat— No. 2 red winter by carloads. 
$1.03; No. 3 red. $1. 

Corn — Old ear. 75c; new ear. ^70 lb.), 
54©58c. No. 3 shelled, old, 62»ic; new, 
65 %e. 

Oats — No. 3 white, 54c. 

Flour — Jobbing sacks, winter patents, 
$4.80©5.25; straight. $4.50©4.75; Minneso- 
ta patents, $5.20 0 5.75; spring bakers', 
$4.6004.90; rye flour, per bbl., $505.50; 
graham,. $2.20 cwt. 

heed — Car lots, in 100-Ib. sacks: White 
middlings, per ton. $27027.50; second fine, 
ton. 8360 26.50: bran. $24.50®25: gluten 
feed, $26.00027; coarse finished oil meal 
in l&O-Ib. sacks. $32©33 per ton: fine. $;>$ 
(5 33; pure old process oil meal, $32033 per 
ton; hominy. $24.50; No. 2. $22.5u; co: n 
meal, $26.50. 

H»T. STRAW AND SEHriR. 

Hay— Timothy. No. 1, $15.50016.50; No. 
2. $13015; clover and timothy mix- i. 
$13©15.00; clover hav. $10014. Rve straw, 
bales, carlots. $8.6009; wheat. $7.5008; 
oat straw, $7.5008. 

Seeds — Dealers' selling prices, subj' et 
to market fluctuations. Timothy, 82.2S0 
2.60; clover seed, medium. prime to 
choice. $100 10.50; mammoth. $10©10. 50; 
bluegrass, $2.2002.35; orchard grass, 
prime to choice, pef bushel. $2.0002.25; 
rye grass, 8©9c pound: meadow fescue. 
8©9c lb.; alfalfa. $909.50; white clover. 
$9® 10 per bu.; flaxseed, $1.50<§1.60. Al- 
sike, $100 10.50. 

VEGETABLES. 

Potatoes — Choice white, carlots. 
65c; from store, 65 0 70c; No. 2. 50055c; 
sweets, Jerseys. $404.25; hampers. $1.75 
02. 

Onions— Ohio. $1.1001.25 per cwt : 
Spanish. 85c@$l crate. 

Cabbage— $12015 ton. 

Beans — Hand-picked. New York mar- 
rows. $2.75(5 3.01); navy. $2.60©2.8»: red 
kidney. $2.4002.60; lima. 6V407c. 

Hubbard Squash— $60©65 ton. 

Popcorn — Rice, ear, 3% 04c lb.; shelled. 
3% ©4c. 

Celery. — 20040c doz. 

FRUITS AND FRUIT PRODUCTS AND NUTS 

Apples — $2@4 bbl.. according to quali- 
ty. 

Cranberries — $7® 9 bbl.. $2.250 2.50 
crate. 

Lemons— California 8303.50. 
Grape Fruit.— $405. 

Oranges— Navels. $2.0003.00; Florida. $3 

©3.50. 

PROVISIONS. 

Pork— The following are wholesale sell- 
ing prices: Barrel pork, short mess. 
?19.25:light extra short clear.$15.25fi 1C: 
light extra short clear, heavy. $16.75: 
clear pig. $23: choice family. $19.50. Dry 
salted: Regular short clear sides, cwt.. 
$S.75®9; extra short" clear. $8.87%: short 
fat backs. $7©8. 

Dressed Meats — Texas beef. 606»-c; 
native steers. 8®9c; city dressed veal. 
8«£09c: pork loins. 9Uc: shoulders. 
7l£c: sausage. 9c: mutton. 6U®7c; lambs. 
SM>09c. 

Smoked Meats — Hams, sugar cured. 

1 '•' . •i'12 , »c: shoulders. bacon, 11'? 



M 


WE WANT HAY 






wfDor and ai««» liloral »d««nrc 

Daniel Met allrry's^Sonsf o 
LaaAtafBa* • PlttsburK. Pa. 

Grain |V^J»r«. D-*n~»» »M'I 


A 

1 

N 



WANTED 

So. 1. or Good So. ! Timothy and f-f A \ r 
No. / Light C/et #r Mixed - " * 
ilso Kant Oat Strati. CARLOADS ADDRESS 

SAMULL WALTON, 

No. 8 Wood Street. Pittsburd. Pa. 

Hrferrarea: ■«TTm»tll» imrln. Farmrr* B»| •>>■ >u. B.ok 

LET US HANDLE 

Your Poultry, Rabbits. Ego*. FruH and Vege- 
tables. 3aicK salts and prompt retarns. 
Advise what you have. 

MYERS, WEIL & CO.. CLEVELAND, OH^O 

■ — BltlPPKIU "f l atin I'rod. 



ATTENTION 

I RON CITY PROPtTF CO.. ftbnai the handling t>t 
■ 1 r«ltt«. Voultry, I'mdnrf et- 



fi'I.t Liberty 



.1 n-ei . 



I'll l»tnirc. I'enna 



Mtl.XM) . CHINA "\KS 
prady for aerr-tce S*« an 1 M^a 
r»f all area. One srwxl \ i>»t g Shr-.p- 
• «hlr» ram. Harrr.i month 

cblrkcne. H. A. TOST. Camden. < 'hio. 




JaK. 11, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



15—47 



Lard — Steam rendered, 8%c; choice 
kettle rendered leaf, 9%c 

GROCERIES. 

Sugar — Granulated, extra fine. $5.40; 
fine, $5.30; powdered, $5.55; Eagle tab- 
lets in kegs, $6.80; cut loaf, ?6.20;crys- 
tal dominoes, $7.95. 

RETAIL PRICES. 

Dairy and Meats — Butter, Elgin. 36c; 
Ohio creamery. 33c; dairy, 30c. Cheese, 
Limburger, 16c; Sweitzer. 25c; imported 
Swiss, 35c; brick, 20c; York state, 20c. 
Eggs, fresh, No. 1, 42c; cooking, 32c. Ham, 
121,2c lb. Turkeys, 22c. Bacon, 18(uiJ4c. 
Chickens. 14c. 

Vegetables— Beets, $1 bushel. Cab- 
bages. 1@1%C lb., S5c doz. Onions, 70@75c 
bu. Squash. 4c lb. Potatoes, 75@80c bu. 
Wax beans, 15@— c qt. Carrots, 20c pk. 
Parsnips, 25c pk. Turnips, 20@25c pk.Cel- 
ery. 35<ct>50c doz. 

Fruits — Bananas, 25(g) — c doz. Lemons, 
12@20c doz. Oranges, 25@50c doz. Apples, 
$2@2.75 box. Cranberries, 12 @ 15c. 



Several large transactions are reported as I 
pending, and under the circumstances 
they are very apt to go thru. In all grades 
except quarters fleeces have held strong- 
er than in the past. This is due to the 
scarcity of stocks, which have never been 
lower at this season of the year. Prices 
at which recent sales have been made are I 
as follows: Unmerchantable clothing, 30c; 
fine unwashed, 26@27c; fine delaine, 38(§) 
38%c; unwashed delaine. 31c. Ohio quar- 
ters are held for 31c; Ohio fine unwashed, 
26c. Total sales for the week, 2,052,500 
pounds. 



GENERAL PRODUCE MARKET. 
New York, Jan. 6.— Butter, creameryT 
21@30c; dairy, 19@28c; process. 15<ft> 
23c; western factory, 15@19M>c Cheese. 9y 2 
@143 4 c. Eggs, near-by, 36@38c. Poultry, 
dressed, firmer; turkeys. 18@19c; fowls, 
ll@15c; western chickens, 13@20e. 

Chicago. Jan. 6. — Cash quotations: 
Wheat, No. 2 red, $1.00% @1.01%. Corn, 
No. 2, 59@59%c; No. 2 yellow, 63@63V 2 c. 
Fair to choice malting barley, 95c(iii$1.03. 
Flaxseed. No. 1 Northwestern, $1.21. Prime 
timothy seed, $4.3504.40. Clover, contract 
grades, $17 cwt. Mess pork. bbl.. $13. 100 
13.12y 2 . Short rib sides (loose). $6,750 
7.25. Lard. $S.07y 2 cwt. Eggs, extras, 28c. 
Creamery butter, 20@29c. 

Toledo, Jan. 6. — Clover seed, cash, 
$10.55. Rye, No. 2, 82%c. Alsike, $10. Tinj- 
othv, $2.20. Corn, No. 3 yellow, 6iy 2 c; No. 
3 white, 58y 2 c. Wheat, $1.02y 4 @1.02%. 
Oats, standard. 53c. 

Minneapolis, Minn., Jan. 6. — Flour. first 
patents, $5.7005.80; first clears, $4,300 
4.40; second clears, $3.5003.60.. Bran in 
bulk. $19.50. Wheat. No. 1 hard, $1.15%© 
1.15%; No. 1 Northern. $1.13% 01.13% ; 
No. 2 do., $1.11% 01.11%; No. 3 do., $1.07% 
©1.09%. 

Columbus, Jan. G. — Hay, timothy, baled, 
$13014; clover, baled, $11; oat and wheat 
straw, $5; rye, $6. Apples, bu., $1.2501.75. 
Butter, creamery, 30 0 31c; dairy, 25c. 
Eggs, 28c. Che.ese, cream, 15c. Poultry, 
spring chickens 11c; old, 10c; ducks, live 
10c. dressed, 12c; turkeys, live, 17c, 
dressed, 19c. 

VISIBLE SUPPLY. 

New York, Jan. 6. — The visible supply 
of grain Saturday, Jan. 4, as compiled by 
the New York Produce Exchange, was as 
follows: Wheat, 48.481.000 bu.; increase, 
1. 8.10.000; corn, 14,148,000 bu. increase, 
997.000; oats. 8,450,000 bu.. increase, 864.- 
000; rye, 1.065.000 bu.; increase. 10,000; 
barley, 5,895,000 bu., increase, 35,000. 



PORK PACKING AND PROVISIONS. 
The Cincinnati Price Current reports 
455.000 hogs packed in the "West last 
week compared with 605,000 week before, 
630.000 two weeks preceding and 490.000 
for corresponding time last year. From 
Nov. 1 the total is 3.880,000. against 4,- 
630.000 a year ago— a decrease of 750,000. 
Prices were lower for the week, the clos- 
ing average for the leading markets be- 
ing $4.45 per cwt.. as compared with 
$4.50 the preceding week. $4.50 two weeks 
ago. $6.30 the corresponding period of last 
year, $5.15 two years ago, $4.55 three 
years ago. and $4.70 four years ago. The 
speculative provision market was rather 
quite during the week with moderate 
changes in price. May pork was lowest at 
$12.95; highest, $13.30; closed at $13.10, 
against $13.05 last week and $16.37% a 
year ago. The week's export clearances 
were as follows: Total meats, 9.183.000 lb. 
against 8,295.000 lb. same period last 
year; lard, 8,206,000 lb. against 10,568,000 
lb. 



BUSINESS CONDITIONS. 
Dun's Review says that business quiet- 
ed down at the conclusion of the holiday 
sales, as is customary, and the time was 
devoted to stock-taking, while in manu- 
facturing plants machinery was being 
overhauled and repaired. Much idle ma- 
chinery was placed in motion with the be- 
ginning of the new year but production 
will continue light in many lines until 
the outlook becomes more definite. Cur- 
tailment is general in the iron and steel 
business and in the New England cotton 
business, but stocks are not burdensome 
and there is full confidence that trading 
will soon return to a normal stage. There 
is a better feeling as to mercantile collec- 
tions since the closing days of December 
brought no pressure in the money mar- 
ket. Railway earnings for December 
were 8.S percent less than in 1906. Many 
iron and steel mills have resumed opera- 
tions. Footwear trade is quiet but the 
outlook is promising. Wheat broke sharp- 
ly but the market was well supported by 
other interests. Corn ruled 'fairly steady. 

Total failures for 1907 were 11.669; lia- 
bilities. $195,479,214; in 1906 there were 
10.682; liabilities, $119,201,515. 



WOOL TRADE REVIEW. 
The American Wool and Cotton Report- 
er <of Jan. 2. says: The new year opens 
with a moderate volume of business, but 
with the brightest prospects for an active 
market at no distant date. Annual inven- 
tories have been made and it is now defin- 
itely known that many manufacturers are 
short of desirable lines of wool, and the 
Sunply in the hands of dealers is decid- 
edly limited. This applies to practically 
all lines of domestic wools. With the ex- 
ception of quarters all fleeces are unusu- 
ally firm. There is nothing distressing in 
the quarter-blood situation. excepting 
that the demand has not yet reached an 
active stage. There have been several 
fair-sized sales during the w^fe Ohio 
three-eighths and ha'f-hioods have been 
seii;!"- at 33%c. a total of about 50.000 
pounds changing hands at that price. 



FIELD NOTES. 



Crawford Co., O.. (N. C.) Doc. 28.— 
Mild and rainy. Stock doing well. Wheat 
in good condition. Corn somewhat soft; 
some shredding being done. Some corn 
and apples being shipped. Much hay 
shipped out. at $11; wheat. 94c; oats, 45c; 
corn, 65c; butter, 20c; eggs. 25c. Farmers' 
institute well attended; good work done. 
— C. 'E. Reece. 

Darke Co., O., (W. C.) Dec. 30.— Mild 
weather, very little snow or freezing. 
Most wheat fields looking well. Some corn 
in field yet; larger percent will spoil in 
cribs this year than usual. Stripping of 
tobacco well Tinder< way. No buyers yet in 
the field. Market for hogs, horses and 
cattle slow. Corn, 40c; bran and mid- 
dlings, $25 ton; oil meal, $36. Little hay 
changing hands. — C. R. Smelker. 

Saline Co.. ill. <S. £.) Dec. 31.— Unsea- 
sonably mild " -.rf lots of rain. Stock win- 
tering wel> >~ " .1 szy] than usual. Prices 
have dieting - perceptibly. No farms 
changing' asuli except in case of tenants. 
Prices of m<1 strongly held. Corn all in. 
Baling a* done. Very few farmers carry- 
ing surplus stock. .Not much feeding for 
market. — W. H. Thornberry. 

Henry Co., O.. (N. W.) Jan. 1.— Pleas- 
ant winter weather; no snow. Live stock 
doing WeEL Farmers anxious to get rid of 
hogs on account of low price and high 
price cf corn. Hogs. 4%c; veal calves, 6c; 
wheat, 97c; oats, 50c; rye, 70c; corn, 70c I 
cwt.; hay, $11015; butter. 24c; eggs. 28c; 
lard. 9c; potatoes, 60c; chickens, 8c; tur- 
keys, 12c. Wheat and rye looking fairly 
well. Public sales numerous and every- 
thing selling well. Farm work pretty 
well along; corn about all husked, some 
shredded. About all butchering done. Some 
corn not keeping good in the crib. — I. M. 
G. 

Preble Co., O., (W. C.) Jan. 1.— Very 
little winter weather -yet; not much in 
December. Live stock fail to regain the 
prices of last fall, and the effect of the 
recent panic is noticeable at public sales. 
Hogs, 4i4c; fat cattle. 3©4%c; wheat. 95c; 
corn. 42c; oats, white. 42c, mixed, 40c; 
butter. 22c; eggs, 22c. Farmers are busy 
stripping tobacco. A few orops have been 
sold for 10c lb. New year begins .in a 
generally prosperous condition. — Jacob . 
Nill. 

Logan Co., O., (C.) Jan. 2.— Weather 
fine for season of year. Stock looking 
good; prices fair. Corn about all husked 
and in crib; not much being sold at ele- I 
vator, price, 45c; hay. $8010; potatoes, I 
80c. Lots of soft corn that is unmarket- j 
able. The continued nice weather has I 
given farmers a chance to keep abreast 
of their work; comparatively no winter 
yet. — Jesse L. Stout. 

Adams Co.. O., (S. C.) Jan. 2.— Spring 
weather prevails. Live stock do not rel- 
ish dry feed as weather is so warm. Many 
fat hogs still held for higher prices. Wheat j 
is making good growth during the open ' 
weather. Cattle. 304c; hogs. 404%c; 
wheat, 95c; corn. 54c; hay. $10012. Some 
corn yet out in shock. Some plowing has 1 
been done. The Xmas trade of local j 
merchants not so good as in former 
years. — W. E. Roberts. 

Champaign Co.. O., (W. C.) Dec. 28.— I 
Plenty of rain and very muddy. Live 
stock doing well but lower in price. Wheat 
is verv small to stand a very hard winter. 
Corn still very soft and soggy; lots to be 
husked yet. Corn. 45 to 50c at elevator; 
hay. $7.5008; milk at creamery. $1 cwt. , 
Some are plowing sod. getting ready for 
spring. Every one should read the arti- 
cles in the Ohio Farmer on how we are 
governed. and be ready to help to get some 
of these good laws in force. — W. S. Chat- 
field. 

Coshocton Co.. O.. (C.) Dec. 27.— We 
are having splendid fall weather. Wheat 
got a poor start because of late ripening 
of corn. All feed is selling high. Timo- 
thy. $8010; corn. 60c; oats. 50c; potatoes. 
60c; eggs. 27c; butter, 20c; hogs. 4c. We 
can not get along without the Ohio Farm- 
er. — Douglas Snow. 

Pasco Co., Fla.. (C.) Dec. 30.— Weath- 
er has been favorable for early crops of 
vegetables. Growing crops of berries are 
fine. Cabbages, cauliflowers, turnips. 
Irish potatoes, lettuce an* cucumbers are 
doing well. October-planted Irish pota- 
toes are now readv for market and are 
quoted at $6 per bbl. Other prices good. — 
W. E. E. 

Cass Co.. Ind.. (N. C.) Jan. 1.— Consid- 
erable rain but little snow. Corn about «all 
husked, poor quality. Wheat is in fair 
condition. Timothy hay, $13014; wheat, 
94c- new corn. 50c cwt.; oats, 45c; rye. 60c; 
apples. 75c(Ti$1.50: potatoes, 50c; horses, 
$75 0 150; cows, $40060: fat .steers. 4c; 
hogs, 4i404%c; turkeys, 10012c; chick- 
ens. 7c: ducks. 7c: geese. 6c; butter. 20c; 
eggs, 25c. Roads good. Stock in good con- 
dition. Not many sales. Financial condi- 
tion improving. — G. W. Thompson. 

Huron Co., O.. (N. C.) Dec. 30.— Weath- 
er mild and roads good. Stock doins; well. 
Many sheep still on pasture; a small daily 
grain ration would be time and money 
well spent. Many hogs being fed and mon- 
ey lost by feeders. Few cattle and lambs 
being fed because of high prices of grain. 
Much corn yet to husk, very poor. Late 
sown wheat looks bad. Wheat ijeing held 
for $1 or more. — E. P. S. 




You Need Our Catalog 

Whether you intend to sow for pleasure 
or for profit. 

The CULTURAL DIRECTIONS will 
be found invaluable. 

Our 107th successive annual edition is 
ready for mailing. Send for a copy now. 

WE MAIL IT FREE. 

J. M. THORBURN & CO., 
33 BarclaySt.,Thru to 38 ParkPI. 
NEW YORK. 



ONE MAN DOES 
WORK OF TWO 

With Iron Age Hiding Culti- 
vators. Yon can dolt easier and ,' 
better, because they are built on 
lines that make this possible. 
Hoes are nnder perfect 
control. Can regulate 
depth and keep noe 
desired distance 
from growing 
plants. More 
advantag- 
es In our 
Iron 
Age 



# 

Book— 
w It's free. 




BATEMAN MFG. CO.,Box 103C ,Grenloch, H.J 



H0LL0WBUILDING BLOCK 

PLAIN AND ROCK FACED 

Thoroughly Hard Burnt, Vitrified and Salt Glazed 



LET US TAN 
YOUR HIDE, 

Whether Steer, Bull, or Horse bide, 
Calf, Dug, Deer, or any kind of bide 
or skin with the hair on, soft, light, 
odorless and moth-proof for robe, rntr, 
coat or gloves, and make tbom up when 
so ordered. 

But first get our illustrated catalog, 
with prices, shipping tags and instruc- 
tions. Wo aro tuolnrgef'tcustomfur 
tanners of largo wild and domestic 
animal skinsi n the world. 

We make and sell Natural Black 
Galloway fur coats and robes. Black 
and Brown Frisian, Black Dog Skin, 
and fur 1 ined coats ; also do taxidermy 
and head mounting. 

THE CROSBY FRISIAN FUR CO., 

116 Hill Street. Rochester. N. Y. 





Non-conductor of dampness; always clean: requlrs 
no painting, no wood to rot out. We are largest 
manufacturers of clay wares. Ourwell known 111a- 
tezial liR»been used for buildings of every descrip- 
tion by hundreds of readers of this paper; also onr 
Vitrified Drain Tile. We sell mixed carloads. 
Write postal today for prices. 

THE H.-B. CAMP COMPANY. 
FULTON B L DC, PITTSBURGH, PA. 



New Crop 
1907 

Seed 



A LFALF A 

We have just secured a splendid stock of A\tn\f» 
seed selected from many samples as the best, l ot 
the past five years or more the price at this season 
has been less and the grade better than in the 
spring. We believe it will pay farmers to invest 
in this stock now before prices advance. WriU 
quick for present price, stating quantity needed. 
LIVINGSTON SEED CO., Box 160. Columbus, O 

TC^TPPJ PARM We are Recleaners 
ILOILLS rMninlof Clover, Timothy and 
a full line of Grass 
and Farm Seeds, also 
Growers, Importers 
and dealers in Garden, 
Field and Flower Seeds. 

Write for Field Seed 
price list, also Annual 
Seed Catalog Mailed Free. 
THE HENRY PHILIPPS SEED 8 IMPLEMENT CO .Toledo. Ohio 

'The Best 230-acre Stock and Grain Farm in South-" 
A em Michigan — will sell all or any part of it 
cheap, and at your own terms of payment. No 
agents. 1 >irect from owner to you. Write for full 
particulars. S. S. WITHINQTON, Adrian, Mich. 

FRUIT TREES $5 per 100 

wages. L. M. ALEXANDER, Bellville, Ohio. | Catalog Free. Reliance Nursy., Box P, Geneva, N. Y. 



/Vs phalt Sea m less 

ROOFING 

Superior to Shingles, Slate or Steel. Send for 
Samples and Prices. 

CONSOLIDATED ROOFING WORKS, 
Estab 1888. Columbus, Ohio 

ICE PLOWS 

Cuts two rows. Equals 20 men 
^v^H" with saws. Catalog tells all 
;Jt^ about it. Sent free with prices. 

-> Wm. H. Pray,CIove,N. Y. 

Wont aH a* Once — Farm hand, single, sober, in- 
IIIICU dustrious, experienced. State age and 





SEED CORN 



DIAJIOMl JOK'H Bit. IVIIlTt Eaiiil 
in the world. Made 146 bushels per ai 
acre tor seed. Big illustrated catalog « 
Farm and Garden Seeds mailed Hit K 



it Matur 
re. It c 



tyo 



ne. Big 
sU but ! 



ared Corn 
cents per 
I kinds at 
paps 



RATEKIN'S SEED HOUSE, SHENANDOAH, IOWA 

(LARGEST SEED CORN GROWEHS IX THE WORLD ) 



<HKK><XK>OO<>OC<KH>00<>O<><X><>O<W <! 
$ The Problem of TESTING EVERY EAR OF SEED CORN quickly and accurately has been solved by the use ol the 

g NEW IDEAL SEED CORN TESTER 

6 Over 2000 of them in use during the season of 1907. Hundreds of testimonials from 
O farmers all over the corn belt. Great gains in the corn crop obtained where this tester 
6 was used. Endorsed by Agricultural Colleges. Write for catalog and testimonials, 
g ULBMCH SEED CORN TESTER CO.. Dept. G. ATLANTIC. IOWA. 
J Agents wanted in every township in the corn belt. Write for particnlars. 

<K>O0O<KK><K><>00<><KKKKH><X>^^ OOOO < 




HE GOT A LEMON. 

The man who bought a water cooled gaso- 
line engine. He had to drain and fill a big 
water tank every time he used it. until one 
winter day he forgot! Cylinder froze and 
burst. 

AIR COOLED ENGINE 
—The Modern Farm 



Look for 




engine, has no water to freeze or any such 
fool troubles. See the "NEW WAY" at work 
and you will not consider any other. No 
matter what any one says, investigate' the Write us for Catalog X 
only air cooled engine teTfetrJfo-fam&Mm 
guaranteed for all Work. UuiSiNG. MiCHlGAX.U.S.A 



This Brand 



5 ASH ST. 



Ohio State Corn Growers' Asso'n.— 
There will be a meetinsr to ore-aiizo the 
State Corn Growers' Asso'n. at Columbus. 
O.. Jan. 15. in Townshend Hall, O. S. U.. 
at 9 A. M. 



The One Roller-Bearing Spreader 

There are many spreaders and so-called spreaders. You may wonder 
[which one to buy. You don't want a machine that you will lay up in 
the shed for good after a few months. But 
there's danger of it. We believe we can 
help you to choose wisely. We have been 
over all the "features" of all the new 
spreaders in the 29 years we have been 
evolving 

The SUCCESS 

Spreader. It has always been the leading 
spreader. It was the gold medal machine 
at Norfolk. It controls patents on the best 
adapted appliances. It has tried and dis- 
carded scores of devices that proved not to be the best. It runs at least a horse 
lie-hter than any other spreader. 

The Only Completely RoHer-Bearing Spreader 

It is practicallv unbreakable. No other spreader is so simple, so direct and 
positive in its workings, or so easily controlled. We are building for the whole 
country, and wo build it to last— with right care — a farmer's lifetime. 

Isn't that your kind of a spreader? Write for catalog and get the proof. 

Kemp & Burpee Mfg. Co., Syracuse, N. Y. 




16— 48 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 11, J9«€. 



NewCureforRupture 1 household 1 



New Scientific Appliance, Always a Perfect Fit- 
Adjustable to Any Size Person- Easy.Comfort- 
' a able, Never Slips-Costs Less Than Many Com- 
mon Trusses--Made for Men, 
Women and Children. 

I Send It On Approval — You Wear It — If 
You Are Not Satisfied, I Refund 
Your Money. 

I have invented a rupture appliance 
that I can safely say, by 30 years' expe- 
rience in the rupture business, is the only 
one that will absolutely hold the rupture 
and never slip and yet is cool, comforta- 
ble, conforms to every movement of the 
bodv witlniut chafing nr hurling and costs 
less than many ordinary trusses. I have 



RENAISSANCE DESIGN FOR PIL- 
LOW IN CROSS-STITCH. 



BY MAE Y. MAHAFFY. 




Embroidering in cross-stitch has 
really never been entirely out of date, 
for it has claimed a greater or less 
number of devotees at every period 
since its inception away back in feu- 
dal times, but certain generations have 
given it more attention than others. 
Now a decided revival of this old-time 
form of needlework is upon us. On 
every side quaint and charming de- 
signs are seen in this easily wrought 
stitch, and every one who wishes to be 
up-to-date in needlework must devote 
a little time to its modern forms. 

New names, even, are cropping up 
Everywhere for this fascinating work, 




SWEDISH 

s ASTHMA CURE; 



material and the center of your pat- 
tern, and ^vork one-half the design. If 
it is a repeating pattern, the other 
half can be worked from the first, but 
otherwise the pattern mast be kept at 
hand. This of course refers to the 
work on the unstamped canvas. It is 
possible to obtain the Holbein designs 
and some others stamped on homespun 
linen, and each stamped cross is then 
covered without the need for counting. 
However, it is not always possible to 
get these designs stamped accurately, 
so that for perfect work one must, as 
a rule, use a separate pattern and 
count the threads. 

In the pilow top shown, Jiva canvas 
forms the background, and each cross 
covers two threads each way of the 
canvas. The work is done with a me- 
dium-weight mercerized cotton, which 
will wash nicely. Red is the color used, 
and it looks well on the creamy back- 
ground. Reds and blues are the favor- 
ite colors for tljis work now. In some 
of the imported models u two colors 



C. E. Brooks, the Inventor. 

put the price so low that any person, rich 
or poor, can buy, and I absolutely guar- 
antee it. I make it to your order — send 
it to you — you wear it, and if it doesn't 
satisfy you send it back to me and I will 
refund your money. That is the fairest 
proposition ever made by a rupture spe- 
cialist. The banks or any responsible cit- 
izen in Marshall will tell you that is the 
way I do business — always absolutely on 
the square. 

If you have tried most everything else, 
come to me. Where others fail is where 
I have my greatest success. 

Write me today and I will send you 
my book on Rupture and its Cure, show- 
ing my appliance and giving you prices 
and names of people who have tried it 
and been cured. It is instant relief when 
all others fail. Remember, I use no salves, 
no harness, no lies. Just a straight busi- 
ness deal at a reasonable price. 
C. E. BROOKS, 6189 Brooks Building, Marshall, Michigan 



High firade Door on. 

2-0x6-0, AIS White Plno.^H J&J 
Regular Prloe, $2.00 WW 

If you h five any une for doors, win- 
down, storm, flush, moulding, porch 
brackotH, colnmus nnd xn ill work, for 
joar own. build. mrh. or as contrfictor, 
don't buy olsowhoro nt nny price or 
a underanyclrcumKtanct'flnntilyouget 
■ J ; , the Grand Mtllv/ork Catalog which 
vl t i ,- mukr^ ii c]"nn saving of L0/ c on any 
dealer's prices. It makoe no differ- 
ence whore you live. If you intend to 
build, or if you need mi 11 work for any 
purpose, do not think of buying until 
you getourestimoto. Our goods are 
high grade as well as wonderfully low 
in price. Our lumberia first air-dried 
and then, as an extra precaution, ia 
put through a scientific) drying pro- 
cess. Joints are made with heavy 
hardwood dowel pins, glued with im- 
ported glue, pressed together by heavy 
steam power preps. There is no 
513 "come apart" to our work. 
Door partis have a heavy raiso on both sides. The 
fiRnt lM ate sandpapered on a special machine of on 
own invention before tho door is put together, anr 1 
the entire is then smoothed with nne-gruined eand- 

faper. We guaranteo our goods to be strictly up to 1 
he official grade adopted by the Bash. Door & Blind 
Manufacturers* Association of tho Northwest, 

Wo operate the largest plant in the world — 1G3.000 
feet of floor space (four acre*) have been in business 
since 1865— own our own timber lands— sawmills and 
lumber yards. We carry a large stock and can there- 
fore ship promptly. We have no traveling men — sol 1, 
only for cash. Wo are the largest producers of sash, 
doors and blinds selling direct to the consumer. Our 

r rices will astonish you. Don't buy anything in our 
ine until you get our catalog, (he grandest woodwork 
catalog published. It's Free — write for it today. 

Addle- * 

GORDON, VAN TINE CO. 

60S Case St. Davenport, Iowa 

ASTHMA 
$& harts am 

▼SWEDISH ▼ 




RENAISSANCE CROSS-STITCH PILLOW TOP. 



We teach you at homo In 
e months of your spore time 
by Illustrated lecture* ami grant diploma with degree, 



$2000 



o^ASTHMA CUREH£ 

MARTS SWEDISH ASTHMA CURE CO.BUf FALO.N.Y. 

LEARN VETERINARY DENTISTRY 

and 

make, 

try llluntrati'd lectin-- ...... r =_ — • 

Parti, uinm Free. Detroit Veterinary Dental 
College. Detroit. Mich. 

DR. WEBFR'S HOSPITAL, (iptablished for the 
treatment C" A NJ C ln """ " ; 

of e '1 1 ^ * li*e methods, 

For particulars address Dr.CharlesWeber. 
17 W. Eighth Street. Cincinnati, Ohio 

Printing for Everybody. 



Cards, l.ettsr Ha 
work. Low tit Price 
BURNS & CO. 



Mop 

Samples free. 25 Yiiitinr Card*. i«c. 
Isabella Building. CHICAGO 



— Wo pay hiiihent c*?li price* for them. 
'25 years in the business. We charjrs 
no comim»»ion nml pay express 
charges Send for prlM li»t 
Belt, Butler Co., 140 Greo.no St., New York 

HnUnn K GattMa, I'M. lit \ ti..r- 
ney, Wailtinpton, P C. A it vice 
free Tern. v low. Highest references 



Raw Furs 



PATENTS 



so that instead of Berlin wool work 
which occupied so much of our grand- 
mother's spare time, we now have 
Holbein, Moldavian. Renaissance, or 
some other fancy title for what in re- 
ality is simple cross-stitch carried out 
after designs or patterns which sug- 
gest the different names. 

The Holbein embroidery is the fol- 
lowing of designs such as were fa- 
vored by that master painter in the 
early part of the fourteenth century, 
and frequently consist of heraldic em- 
blems or figures in the court costumes 
of his day. 

Moldavian and other provincial 
names are given ro the odd designs of 
the peasantry of Moldavia. They are 
usually queer combinations of birds 
and beasts and geometrical forms, and 
are highly attractive. 

The Renaissance designs cover not 
only these others but the scroll work, 
flowing lines, wreaths and garlands, 
birds and beasts of that period, one of 
which, in the form of a pillow top. is 
illustrated herewith. 

The simplicity of the cross-stitch and 
the vast possibilities which it holds 
have given it such a place in needle- 
dom as few stitches may lay claim to, 
and its great durability when made of 
good materials also speaks well for it. 
Any one capable of doing plain sew- 
ing, and of counting, can do cross- 
stitch work, tho to secure the best re- 
sults from this species of stitch work 
it is necessary to observe a few rules. 
One of these is to make all the cross- 
es the same size thruout the article at 
hand, and another is to make the ding- 
xinal stitches forming the cross always 
in the same direction, the under stitch 
always running one way. and the 
upper stitch always the opposite. If 
stitches are chanrred about, first one on 
top and then another, tho result is an 
uneven effect, anything but phasing. 

In beginning work it is always a 
good plan to find the center of your 



Please Mention THE OHIO FARMER 
When Writing to Our Advertisers. 

SUFFERED 25 YEARS 

With Eczema — Her Limb Peeled and 
Foot Was Raw — Thought Amputa- 
tion Necessary — Believes 

Her Life Saved By Cuticura. 

"I have been treated by doctors for 
twenty-five years for a bad case of ec- 
zema on my leg. They lid their best, 
but failed to cure it. My doctor had ad- 
vised me to have my leg cut off. At 
this time my leg was peeled from the 
knee, my foot was like a piece of raw 
flesh, and I had to walk on crutches. 
I bought a set of Cuticura Remedies. 
After the first two treatments the 
♦swelling went down, and jn two 
months my leg was cured and the new 
skin came on. The doctor was surprised 
and said that he would use Cuticurs 
for his own patients. I have now been 
cured over seven years, and but for the 
Cuticura Remedies I might have lest 
my life. Mrs. J. B. Renaud, 277 Men- 
tana St., Montreal, Que., Feb. 20, 1907." 



The Story o£ 
Banking by Mail 

and the reasons why this favorably- 
known savings bank pays 

4 Percent Interest 

are graphically told in a new book wp 
have just published. It will he sent free 
to any one interested in this subject. 
Please ask for Book "I." 

Glevelanb 
{Trust Company 



CLEVELAND, 



OHIO. 



Capital, $2,500,000.00 
Surplus, $2,500,000.00 
Seventy-three Thousand Depositors. 



are combined, tho more often one alone 
is used thruout the design. 

The pillows are then made up with 
the back the color of the floss used, 
and are edged around with a narrow 
crocheted lace in the same shade. Clu- 
ny lace may be substituted, if pre- 
ferred. Scarfs, table covers, and the 
like are decorated in this cross-stitch 
work, and are usually finished by hem- 
stitching. Towels, too, have borders of 
cross-stitch in red or blue, with an in- 
itial or monogram above, and are hem- 
stitched or fringed on the ends. 

USING ROASTED MEAT LEFT- 
OVERS. 

The first step in securing a good 
roast is to choose a good-sized piece of 
meat. Put a little drippings or lard 
in the roasting pan and set on top of 
range, and when smoking hot, put the 
meat into it and sear on all sides, then 
turn in a little hot water to keep the 
roast from burning. Turn from time 
to time and baste frequently if in an 
uncovered pan. adding water as what 
first put in evaporates. When done, it 
will be a beautiful rich brown if 
cooked in this way, with no waste 
from burnt crust. 

A dressing prepared as for roast 
chicken may have been mixed and 
baked in a separate pan. which should 
be well greased before the dressing is 
put in. and the top must be dotted with 
butter or some of the drippings from 
the roast so that it may be nioisl when 
served. The rest of the drippings 
should be made into a rich brown 
gravy, which may be flavored to BVtt 
the taste, but if anything except salt 
and pepper are used, only as much as 
is needed for one meal should have 
the extras added: the rest should be 
left plain, to be used later in other 
dishes made from the left-over meat. 

Thin slices of cold roast beef served 
rlain for luncheon or supper we are all 



X-RAY 

Stove Polish 



Ask 
your 
dealer 
rorit. 



Remark Reg.U. S. Tat. 09. 
CUftR AN I t ELI to to Imiu a* 
llrtspwla or liquid aollahea 
Clves ■ quick, brilliant lustre, ana 
DOES HOT BURN OFF. 
FREE SAMPLE. Ad J ran Department N, 
LAJIOST, C0UL1S9 a CO., A»l,,:b Hodion M 




iSendUsYour Hides 1 

We are tanner* ami dreas- 
era of all kluria uf furs. |*a 
yon want a Fur I'oat like 
this at small expense! We 
man n fact nre coals. rob**, 
ffloves. rug* and mitten* 
from cattle aud horn* bidet. 

The rat ihown Is from 
puff bide. I>og and musk- 
rat ■kiM make beautiful glo 
ea and mtitrns. Oar work 
piiui . iii«>t*<l Wlatd, waiiT 
hikI ni€»t h. proof. DfOP 
a card, vet catalog and sam- 
ples taatof, telling yon all about 
our work. 



IHE SYLVANIA TANNING 

Sylvama. Ohio. 



CO. 



HARTSHORN 
SHADE ROLLERS 

Bear thq script name of Stewart 
Hartshorn on lahel. 
Gel "Imareeea 1 ." ticks required 



Wood pollers Tin Rollers 



VALENTINES 

Ki*iut«tt«- |ol-n« of Ur»» 25c. S0r 
MADISON YAl.KNTINK CO., Wad I 



Omental Valen- 
tine* or 90 Com* 

if Ul't.i rei 

ind f 1 00 each. 
>«n, Wisconsin 



WE TAN 



Your Horie or «'a«fU»> Hlilr 

for Robev l oam or Mitten*. 
Wind. Water ami Moth proof, 
'larffe over 97.00 for tanning 



for circular* anil aampiea. 



Wcsl Bcsr-rVe Rtihe&Tznning Co .Cuyzhoca Falls. 0. 

LWAYS mention OHIO FARMER 
when writing to our acV_. use: s- 



A 



Jan. 11, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



17-^49 



familiar with, but a nice v t dish can 
be made instead, by heating the slices 
of meat in some of the gravy. If there 
is not enough gravy, use tomatoes, 
rubbed thru a colander so as to remove 
the seeds, till the quantity needed is 
made up. If one likes tomatoes very 
much no meat gravy need be used at 
all, only tomato "auce, the tomatoes 
being treated as above, with butter 
added for seasoning and flour in such 
quantity as is needed to make a smooth 
gravy. Salt and pepper must not be 
forgotten, and a little onion juice, or 
grated or finely minced onion is a fine 
addition. 

The ragged-looking pieces remain- 
ing make an appetizing fricassee. Cut 
up a stalk or two of celery in small 
pieces, cover with water and cook till 
tender, salting slightly. When done, 
add the meat and milk enough to cov- 
er all, let come to a boil, then thicken 
slightly and add salt and pepper to 
taste, with a little butter. This is nice 
served in individual dishes with toast- 
ed bread. 

Such pieces of meat as are used for 
the fricassee make a very nice meat 
pie. Peel and cut some potatoes into 
thin slices, put on to cook with plenty 
of water to cover well; onions may be 
added if liked. When done, add the 
meat, and season as directed for the 
fricassee, put into a pudding pan, add 
a top crust of good rich biscuit dough 
rolled thin, or a dough may be made of 
1 cup flour, 1 cup mashed potatoes, % 
teacupful lard or other shortening, 1 
level teaspoon salt, 1 level teaspoon 
baking powder and enough sweet milk 
to make a dough easily worked with 
the hands. For a large pie increase all 
the ingredients in like proportion. This 
potato crust makes a pleasant change. 

The bones, with scraps of meat ad- 
hering, may be put over to cook in 
cold water; after simmering an hour 
or so let them come to a boil, and put 
in enough raw meat to make a meal. 
When it is done, take out the bones 
and meat, and add such vegetables as 
are liked for a plain vegetable soup; 
or a puree may be made by rubbing 
the vegetables thru a colander and re- 
turning to the liquor. 

I nearly omitted one of the bast 
liked and economical dishes of all 
which may be mads from the least de- 
sirable left-overs. The fatty, stringy 
portions may be ground and mixed 
with an equal or greater quantity of 
stale bread, also run thru the food 
chopper, the meat and bread being 
moistened with gravy, stock or milk 
and eggs. The last may be used with 
the stock if desired, to bind the meat 
and bread, then make into flat cakes, 
and bake in the oven or fry. Do not 
omit such seasoning as is liked for sau- 
sage, and success is sure. 

One of the merits of the dishes giv- 
en is that stale bread may be used for 
the dressing, the toast and the meat 
cakes named, thus utilizing an article 
of food which is too often wasted. — 
Margaret Grayson, St. Louis Co., Mo. 



at once, and heals the burn. — M. A. P., 
Lacon, 111. 



Good China Mender. — Please tell me 
thru the Ohio Farmer if there is any 
cement I can get to mend china with 
that will stay. I have tried in vain to 
mend two china bowls. I do not want 
to use them all the time, but wish I 
could mend them so I could use them 
and know they would not come apart 
when warm vegetables are put into 
them. Your paper is a great help to 
us. Mrs. B. T. J., Richmond, Mo.— 
There is nothing better than white 
lead for mending broken china, be- 
cause it resists water and heat. Smear 
it thinly on the broken edges, press to- 
gether and leave for several days to 
get thoroly dry. Another strong ce- 
ment, that will resist water and acids, 
is made by makings a paste of 1 tea- 
spoonful finely powdered litharge (get 
at paint store), 1 teaspoonful fine 
white porcelain sand, 1 teaspoonful 
plaster of Paris and % teaspoonful of 
powdered resin, by adding enough 
boiled linseed oil to mix well together. 
Let stand four hours before using. 
Must be made fresh each time it is 
used. 

Blood Stains. — To remove blood 
stains from cloth, saturate the stain 
with kerosene, and after standing a 
little while wash in warm water. — M. 
A. P., Lacon, 111. 

Good Remedy for Burns. — Beat 
whites of eggs to a stiff froth, stir in 
lard, then put on medicated cotton and 
apply to the burn. This stops the pain 



Lye Soap Recipe Wanted. — Wiil some 
reader please send a formula to this 
paper for making the old-fashioned 
wood ashes lye soap. — Rose Grange, 
Lake Co., 0. 



Wishes to Hear from Others on Ohio 
School Laws. — How many Ohio Farm- 
er readers are satisfied with our pres- 
ent school law? How many think it 
right to be compelled to pay teachers 
$2 per day for attending teachers' in- 
stitutes, and is it right to be compelled 
to pay teachers $40 per month for 
eight months each year regardless of 
what they are worth as school teach- 
ers? Let us hear from several on these 
questions thru the Ohio Farmer. — 
Member of School Board, Washington 
Co., O. 

The object in paying $2 per day for 
institute attendance is to induce the 
teachers to give themselves the advan- 
tage of the institute instruction and 
conference; and of the $40 minimum 
monthly salary is to raise the standard 
of teachers. It is the duty of localities 
to see that teachers are secured who 
are worth $40 per month. Few compe- 
tent and successful teachers will stay 
in the vocation for less than that. 



OUR PATTERNS. 



There is nothing in a woman's wardrobe 
that is more useful for morning wear than 
the princess wrappers, one-piece house 
dresses, and dainty little dressing-sacks, 
that are adaptable to any of the thin 
woolen materials; while for performing 
any household duty the all-over apron is 
indispensable. 

No. P 2173. — Lady's Corset-Cover. With 
or without shield sleeves. Developed in 
Persian lawn, nainsook, jaconet or China 
silk, this dainty little under-garment is 
simple to make. 7 Sizes — 32 to 44. 

No. P 2171. — Lady's Double-Breasted 
Dressing-Sack. Soft cashmere albatross, 
canton or eiderdown flannel, bound with 
self-colored ribbon, makes this a most 
useful garment. 7 Sizes — 32 to 44. 

No. P 2195. — Lady's Work-Apron. These 
all-cover aprons, which are a complete 
protection to the dress, are attractive 
when developed in red-and-white. blue- 
and-white, or green-and-white checked 
gingham. 4 Sizes — 32. 36. 40 and 44. 

No. P 2207. — Lady's House Dress. The 
waist, with or without short body lining, 
and the five-gored skirt joined to the 
waist. Developed in flowered or figured 
challie. or plain albatross, trimmed with 
self-colored or a contrasting shade of rib- 
bon makes this little garment very at- 
tractive. 8 Sizes — 32 to 4fi. 

No. P 21/-9. — Lady's Princess Wraooer. 
Short sweep or round length, with bishop 
or plain sleeves, and rolling or standing 
collar. Nun's veiling, cashmere, albatross 
crepe de Paris, silk crepe or voile, are all 
suitable materials for this prettv wrap- 
per. 8 Sizes— 32 to 46. 



Price 10 ce,nts. Waist and skirt pat- | 
terns are usually separate, therefore be 
sure to send 20 cents for a two-piece suit 
pattern which has two numbers, i. e., a 
waist number and a skirt number; if | 
such a pattern has but one number, send 
only 10 cents. Order by number and title , 
of pattern. If for children, give age; for 
adults, give bust measure for waists, and 
waist measure for skirts. Address orders i 
to Pattern Department. The Ohio Farm- 
er. Cleveland. Ohio. Complete catalog, , 
containing hundreds of the season's de- I 
signs, will be sent you postpaid for 16 
cents. 




VICTOR 

Sacred Music 



"Where is 
Tonight" 




Wouldn't it be fine 
to sit in your home 
and hear the Trinity 
Choir sing "Jesus 
Lover of My Soul" 
and "Rock of Ages"; 
or the Haydn Quar- 
tet sing, 
My Boy 

and "O That Will Be 
Glory For Me"; or to 
listen to the chants 
snd other sacred music 
by the Gregorian and 
Sistine Choirs ? 

That's exactly what you can do with a Victor. 

The powerful soul-stirring hymns and the magnificent anthems and 
oratorios of the masters, sung by noted soloists and famous choirs, are 
yours whenever y6u want to hear them. 

The Victor plays this music true to the living voice — you have never 
known the full beauty of sacred songs until you have heard them on the 
Victor. 

The Victor not only enables you to have sacred concerts at home, 
but puts the best entertainment of every sort at your command. The 
magnificent voices of the most famous grand-opera stars, the world's 
greatest bands and famous instrumentalists, the latest song-hits, old- 
time ballads, side-splitting jokes and comic songs, the liveliest dance 
music — all this and more you can have with a Victor, and only with 
a Victor. jr<^ 

Ask any Victor dealer to play any sacred music or anything else you want to heary' 
Also ask him to tell you about the easy terms on which you can buy a I 'ictor, 
Use the coupon and get free catalogue of the Victor and Victor records. 

JVictor Talking Machine Co. 
Camden, N. J. 

Berliner Gramophone Co. , Montreal, 
Canadian Distributors 

<< 





Three generation! ol 
Simpsons hive mide 



I 

EDdystonE 

PRINTS 

Tounded g4j 



Ask your dealer for 

Simpson-Eddystone 

Silver Greys 

The reliable oM " Simpson " Prints 
made only in Eddystone. 

The beautiful designs and.subdued color 
of these fadeless, durable fabrics appeal to 
women of taste. 

Some designs in a new silk finish. 

Standard for 65 years. 

If your dealer hr^n't Simoson-Eddystone Prints write 
us his name. We ll help him supply you. Decline sub- 
stitutes and Imitations. 

The Eddystone Mf*. Co.. Philadelphia 

Established by Wm. Simpson, Sr.. 





Free Sample of 

DR. WHITEHALL'S 

Rheumatic Cure 

Will be sent to all sufferers of rheumatism without rost. 
The most stubborn cases huve been relieved no quickly 
that it now is a standard remedy in the borne. Ten years 
successful use of this remedy in hospitals and private 
practice by physicians has demonstrated the fact that 
it removes the acid from the system, checks its formation 
and dissolves recent deposits. Write us today for free 
sample box. Sold by all druggists atoO cents, . r l y 

THE DR. WHITEHALL MEGRIMINE CO.. 
356 N. Main Street, South Bend, Indiana. 



SMOKE YOUR MEATS IN THE NEW WAY. USING 

WRIGHT'S CONDENSED SMOKE 

A liquid made from hickory wood. Imparts the delicate flavor that is 
peculiar to meats smoked with hichorv wood. 1,'SEI) BY APPLYING THE 
CONDENSED SMOKE WITH A BRUSH. Send 10c an.l names of five who cure 
meat and we will mail you sample free. Sold onlv in square quart bottles with 
metal cap. Never in bulk. At druggists, 75c per bottle. Bottle smokes a barrel. 

FREE BOOKLET °™ £ Be Sure You Get "Wright's Condensed Smoke." 

Mads by THE E. H. WRIGHT CO.. LTD.. 101 W. FOL'RTH ST.. KANSAS CITY. MO 





PATENTS INVENT! 



WHAT 

YCU 

Your ideas may bring you a fori unel 

Cash offers for certain inventions 

FlfKK HOOK. Oives list of inventions 
wonted ; tolls how to protect them Writ* for it. 
Patents Obtained or fee Relnrncrl 

A No ehsrse for rc| ort as to patcnbilolitv send 
7/ sketch or model. Patents advertised for sale free 

W OODWARD ( : CtiANDLEE. Attorneys 
1209 F Slreet. Washington. D. C 



THE'BEST'tlGti T 



TV TAKES and burns its own pas Pro 

A>i duces 100 candle power light-) 
brighter than electricity or acetylene 
— cheaper than kerosene. No" dirt. 
No grease. No odor. Over 800 styles. 
Every lamp warranted. Agents want- 
ed. Write for catalog. Do not delay. 

~HM BKST LIGHT CO. 
283 ii. sth 8*-- r>>*a n . ohir. 




18^50 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jax. 11, 1908. 



VETERINARY] 



(Conducted by W. C. Fair. V. S.) 
Advice through this department is free 
to our subscribers. Each communication 
should state history and symptoms of the 
case in full; also name and address of 
writer. Initials only will be published. In 
acute cases, where we believe that imme- 
diate treatment will be necessary, reply 
will be made by return mail, free. 

HORSES. 

Cracked Heels — Swollen Leg.— Horse 
has a swollen hind leg. It is thickened up 
to body and skin oozes yellow fluid. There 
are several open cracks. J. T. H., Kittan- 
mg. Pa. — Peed no grain. Clip hair off 
wherever skin is discharging fluid. Put 
1 oz. acetate lead, 6 dr. sulfate zinc and 
1 dr. tannic acid in 1 qt. of water and apply 
to .sores 3 times a day. Give a tablespoon- 
ful of nitrate potash in feed night and 
morning for a week. Feed enough well- 
salted bran mash or vegetables to keep 
bowels open. Bathing leg well with hot 
water twice a day will make him more 
comfortable. 

Exostosis.— Young mare has hard bunch 
on outside of shin, midway between fet- 
lock and hock. Is not lame but leg stocks 
when standing in stable. Give a simple 
formula for condition powder. M. W. H., 
Edgerton, O. — The bunch you refer to is 
an exostosis, same nature as splint. Ap- 
ply 1 part red iodide mercury and 8 
•parts lard twice a week, to bunch only. 
Equal parts by weight of ginger, gen- 
tian, quassia, cinchona and fenugreek is 
a very good and inexpensive condition 
powder. Give a tablespoonful in feed 3 
times a day. 

Stocking— Mare stocks in all four legs. 
E. C. B., New Bremen, O. — Stocking is a 
result of disease, but not one itself. Give 
a tablespoonful of the following com- 
pound powder in feed, 2 or 3 times a day: 
Powdered rosin, ginger, gentian and ni- 
trate potash, equal parts by weight. This 
medicine should be given until the de- 
sired effect is produced, then give once 
a day or as often as necessary. Bandag- 
ing legs in cotton will help. 

Abortion. — Mare has lost two colts af- 
ter being pregnant seven months. G. M. 
L, Pierpont, O.— If your mare is now 
pregnant you had better leave her alone, 
for if you commence injecting her you 
will perhaps do her harm. If she has an- 
other miscarriage write me and I will tell 
you what to do. 

Mare Sleeps Standing.— Mare when idle 
or standing in stable seems to fall asleep 
and drops on her knees. D. W. K., - Day- 
ton. O. — Cut down on the grain when she 
is not working. Also give 1 dr. bromide 
potash. % dr. ground nux vomica in feed, 
3 times a day. She should have some ex- 
ercise every day and the bowels kept 
open. 

Chronic Grease Heel. — Colt with white 
hind leg was poisoned by running in al- 
sike clover. The sores have healed but 
leg remains thick. C. W., Richwood, O. — 
Give 1 dr. iodide potassium and ^ dr. 
Fowler's solution in feed, night and morn- 
ing. Apply no drugs to leg but bandage 
loosely with cotton. 

Indigestion — Out of Condition. — Mare is 
out of condition. Her coat is rough; hair 
erect; appetite variable, eyes seem dull 
and sleepy. H. B., Camden. O. — Your mare 
needs a tonic and nerve stimulant. Give 
% oz. fluid extract cinchona, % oz. fluid 
extract gentian and 2 dr. tincture nux 
vomica in feed, 3 times a day. Also give 
Vfc oz. powdered rosin in feed, once a 
day. Feed enough bran mash and vege- 
tables to keep bowels open. 

Acute Indigestion — Heaves. — Mare Is 
troubled with heaves. When driven a 
short distance she becomes nervous, 
moves hind logs up and down, is inclined 
to roll as tho suffering great pain. At- 
tacks come quite frequently, but are of 
>-hort duration. F. G., Republic, O. — Give 
'/£ oz. ground ginger. 2 dr. muriate ammo- 
nia. % dr. powdered lobelia and V 2 dr. 
powdered opium in feed, twice a day. 
Feed no musty or badly-cured fodder of 
any kind. 

Bruised Foot. — Mule is very lame In one 
foot, apparently caused by being used on 
the road without a shoe. He is worse 
since he was shod. L. S. S.. Rising Fawn, 
Ga. — The proper way to shoe him is with 
a wide-webbed shoe, covering sole of foot 
with leather. Fill In sole with pine tar 
and oakum. This will protect the bruised 
parts but If pus has formed it should be 
allowed to escape. Apply hydrogen-per- 
oxide or 1 part carbolic acid and 20 parts 
water. Keep the wound clean. 

CATTLE. 

Did Not Clean Properly. — Cow did not 
clean properly at time of last calving. 
Her udder is also n little caked. L.. S. S., 
Itlsing Fawn. Ga. — Inject her with 1 part 
coal-tar disinfectant and 100 parts wa- 
ter, twice a day. using not loss than 1 
qt. at a time. Also give 1 oz. hyposulfite 
soda In feed, twice a day. Apply hot Un- 
seed oil to udder, twice a day. 

Acidity of Stomach. — Cow persists In 
eating horse manure. She seems to be In 
frond health. A. W. H.. Germantown. 
O. — Your cow suffers from acidity of 
stomach. Give 2 oz. bicarbonate soda. 1 
oz. ground ginger and 1 oz. powdered 
charcoal In feed, f! times a day. 

Lump-jaw. — Cow has large lump on up- 
rer jaw. It broke In throe different plaoea 
and later healed. Is her milk fit to vise, 
and would she be lit for beof? W. P.. At- 
tica. O. — If the bunch has ceased to sup- 
inirate her carcass would be lit for food, 
if the jaw i« tho only part that is dis- 
eased, but her milk should not be used. 

Milk Fever.— Cow took sick day niter 
i living, and went down. YW U8QO B pump 
and milking tube and filled udder with 
air. Next day she was up and In pood 
condition but udder is sore. J. S. SC.. Syc- 
nnore, O. — You managed very well and 
saved your cow. It is possible that a little 
dirt or germs got into udder when you 




I believe 
the Detroit 
Tongueless 
Disc Harrow has 
had the largest sale in its 
first two seasons on the 
market of any farm imple. 
ment ever manufactured. 
W. W. Collier, Gen. Mgr. 



GAUTIONs 



Why Not Accept My Offer and 

Try a Detroit Tongueless Disc 
Harrow Free for a Month? 

THAT'S my proposition — I mean every word of it. 
Vou can use one of these Discs on your farm — for a full month — without cost. 

At the end of that time— if you don't want it— return it to us. We'll allow the freight — thus the test won't 
cost you one penny. That test is only a part of our liberal selling plan. 

It's just our way of assuring every one of our customers that they are going to get what they want and what 
they will be pleased with when they buy a Detroit Tongueless Disc H arrow. 

We're anxious to send a Detroit Tongueless Disc Harrow to any responsible farmer — without deposit 
— and without advance payment — to make the test. It must be a good Disc— and one that will tleo.se you 
— or we could not go on making this proposition year after year. 

We're sending out thousands upon thousands of these Discs all over the country on this plan. Surely 
we could not afford to do this if the Disc were not all we claim it to be. 

The principle of the Detroit Tongueless Disc Harrow is right. The Forward Truck does away with 
all of the annoyance on the team of the old "tongue." It does away with all jamming — end thrust — and 
whipping of the horses, that frets them and puts them out of commission just at the time you need 
them most. See the two wheels back of the Disc Blades in the picture? 

Those wheels are a part of the Detroit Tongueless TRANSPORT TRUCK, upon which you can raise 
the Disc Blades off the ground, making them reston the front and back Trucks — so that you can drive 
the Harrow over stony ground, rough and sandy roads, bridges, etc., without dulling the blades or cut- 
ting up the surface. A good invention — that Transport Truck, — 'most worth its weight in gold the way it 
saves Disc Blades that have to be transported from one field to another or from house to field. 

Year before last we had over 1600 orders for this Disc that we couldn't fill— had to send them back. 
Last year we made twice as many as the previous year — and still we couldn't fill all our orders. 

This year we've increased our factory facilities, and hope to be able to fill every single order on the 
Detroit Tongueless. It iias had a wonderful sale — and has given universal 
satisfaction. 



Beware of imitations. They pay 
"Imitation is theslncerest flattery" 
— and our Detroit Tongueless Pise 
Harrow Is being very much flattered. 
There are several cheap Imitations 
of our Harrow being oil'ered for sale 
through dealers. Don't buy one of 
of them believing that you are get- 
ting a genulno Detroit— because you 
are not. The Detroit Tongueless 
Disc Is not for sale by any dealer— 
anywhere. Wo sell It direct from 
our factory — and yon keep all tho 
dealers' profits In your own pocket. 



WE SELL YOU A DETROIT TONGUELESS OISO 
HARROW ON TIME-ON TRIAL-FREIGHT 
ALLOWED 

Anyway, we Invite you to drop us a line on a postal card, giving 

us your name and address, and letting us send you our new 1907-08 
Disc catalogue. This Book tells you more about the famous Detroit 
Tongueless Disc Harrow than we can tell you here — gives you our 7 tx= l 
Selling Plan and quotes prices on a Detroit delivered at your rail- A-y 
road station. You can buy the genuine Detroit Tongueless Di>e TV. 
only through us direct. We advise you of this that you may notrtrJP 
be Imposed upon by some unscrupulous dealer who will represent 
to you that he has a Detroit Tongueless Disc Harrow for gale — or\ 
one as good. He can't have a genuine Detroit Tongueless — and he 
can't have one "just us good." 



Write Today 
for Book 
and Prices 



W. W. Collier. Gen. Msr., AMERICAN HARROW CO., 99 Hastings St., DETROIT, MICH. 

NOTE: - Full line cf Detroit Ton?ueIe3s Discs are carried &t our branch houses in all lead- 
ing trade centers, enabling us to make prompt shipment to all points. To be sure of getting a 
Detroit Tongueless just when you want it, better set your order in early. 




Sold on 
Time 



T^or5Sale?nt a bargain— Rec'd Percheron Stallion, 
2 years old. One 2-veur-oJt! mare and one 5 
years old. W. TAYLOR, Hcloit, Ohio. 



For Sale ^u ^ e American Delaine 

EWE LAMBS. First $200.00 Hikes them. Write quick. 
Fine Catalog free. F. H. RUSSELL, K.I, Wokeman, Ohio. 



LAKGK, healthy, well-wooled Shropshire ewes 
for sale, right age, right kind, bred to extra 
good rams. Also ewe and ram lamhs. Inspection 
invited. C. LEMliN, HAMBURG. MICHIGAN. 



"For Sale — 35 Reg. Southdown Sc Shrop.rams &ram 
lambs: Also a few Oxford and Southdown ewes. 
W. L. PORTER & SON, Atwater. Portage Co., O. 



P«ii Cal A— Reg. BlackTop Spanish Merino 

* V wOlC ewes. 2 to 5 years old, bred to 
lamb in March by a noted sire. 40 rams for next 
year's trade. CLOVKR HII,L STOCK & POULTRV 
FARM, J. B. GATES, Prop., Beallsville, Ohio. 



l>eg'd Delaine Ewes and Kams, M. IS, 
-LV Turkeys. S C. Brown Leghorns, 

Address H. J. SHAMHART. Quaker City. Ohio. 



WATCH FOR OUR 

PUBLIC MARCH SALE! 

of 800 registered and grade DELAINES, Write for 
particulars. J. C. TOBIAS & SON. Bncyrus.Ohio. 



BELLE-VERNON FARM GUERNSEYS 

The Largest and Strongest Stock off the Breed 

Head your herd with a Guernsey bnll and improve 
the color and quality of your milk. Young bulls 
and calves for Hale. Farmers' prices. Address 
Belle-Vernou Farms, 'Willouglihy, Ohio. 



HOLSTEINS 



For Sale — best strains. 
Won more prizes in 
1907 than any other breeder in the state. 

J. R. ROSS & SONS, R. 5, Blanchcster, Ohio. 



Holstein-Friesiati Bull Calves.— From 2 months 
to service ago. Only a few left. Write now. 
Prices low. Knapp & Pierce, East Clarldon. Ohio. 



R 



eglstered Holsteins — Bull calves. 8 to 12 weeks 
Id. From high fat-testing ancestors. 
FLOYD M. PELTON, LA GRANGE. OHIO. 



1)EI> I'OLLKI) Cattle — Choice BULL & 

HEIFER CALVES For Sale. 
DR. I). F. MAKER. 1S4 The Arcade. Cleveland, O 



McKeefrey Farm Jerseys 

and BERKSHIRES 

niflH-CLASS STOCK AT LOW PRICES. 
McKEEFREY FARM. LEETONIA, Ohio 

The Village Farm Jerseys 

A line bnll calf for sale dropped November K. 
Solid color. Eligible to registry. 

W. 11. PRICE. WOOKV1LLE, OHIO. 



SHORTHORNS Q.I.C. 



COTTAGE HILL FARM, 

D. R. KAN N A, Proprietor 



RAVENNA, 
OHIO. 



I have started mor» breeders on 
the road to success than any man 
liiinp. I Itave the Wrjest and fin- 
est herd in the IT- S". Kvery on* 
in eirly developer, ready for the market at she month* Old. 
1 want to place one hog in each community to advertise my 
herd Write for my plan, "How to Make Monev from Ho**. 

C. S. BKXJ AM IN , *4X Manuf artarers Bank 
15 ui 1<I iiig, Portland, Michigan. 



JERSEY CATTLE-BERKSHIRE HOGS 

KIIODr; ISLAND KIDS 

R. F. SHANNON. 907 Liberty St., Pittsburg. Pa 



• — Registered COWS, HEIFERS and 



Jeiseys , 

prices. W. .1. IH'SSKV. ML 1' van 1 . Obi. 



>i..u,t M. ».:,.«• M Kuril) A number of young 
1> .Icrscy Hulls and Che ster W hit" bogs. If TOO 
m t on. . 1 P. I'll. I . H iiillr. Obi... 



YRSHIRES 
—For Sale— 

and Heifers. Also It un raven 
1*. ft years old; 16 1st priiew to lilt 
fairs; quiet ami a Bar* breeder, 
nnd some line bull calves. Address 

HOWARD COOK &SON, Bcloit, Ohio 



A 



A choice lo 
Of St. Am 
credit at 1 
3 yearling ' 



FREE - FEEDERS HAND BOOK 

ation about Ajax Flakes, the wonderful dairy feed. 

AJAX MILLING & FEED CO.. Buffalo. N.Y. 



26 Shorthorn Bulls at fanners' prices. Also some herd headers 
— Imp. andCnnadian bred — will be sold cheap as we have out- 
grown our stable room and they must be sold to make room for 
calves. For catalogs and prices addr.JOHN GARDEX .Ravenna, 0. 


*)(\ Choice September Poland-China pigs, either 

set, for *7.00 each: eligible to registry. 
JNO. A. IRION, GAI.LIPOLIS. OHIO. 


^Sk|^fi 'liort Ii orn Hulls Keenly for Service 

1 S:i'-«1 by Lord Crt.H-u-*, lie by Lord Hi St 1 6- 
Jjf&M&l ' '"' tM-VJ'J) ,<-ut of 1 111 J'. Sweet ( ' roe u s , o< t h 

<3qj^^H bred by Wm. Duthie, Collynie, Scotland, 


TJoland f'hinna — Service Boars; Gilts bred: Fall 
pigs, Meddler strain. Pricra right. Representa- 
tions guaranteed. J. H. Bnrkholder. Archbold. O 


1 .r*r<\ ii istletoe sired by the famous Lovat 
Champion (.4948). Norton Kenney .Columbus Grove, Put.Co.0. 


"POLAND-CHINAS— Service boara, sows bred or 
I open: fall pigs. Best of blood. Reasonable 
prices. Write wants. F. A. KINSEY. PliuiptoD.O. 


T>eef-Milk Shorthorn cows, bred to the famous im- 
ported Victorof Delmany.at bargain prices now. 
Also choice young bulls. Write today for priec 
list No. 20. Maplowood Stock Farm, Allegan, Mich. 


"P P Spring Boars from prise winners. W. p. 
* • Rock AS. C.W.Legb. ckls. ,75c ea ,2 or more 
30 days. O P. McDOVYEI.L, R. 3. Plain City. O. 


TTI7A Yonn g Shorthorn bulls, one a grand* n 
A VV \J of ] ul p - Bapton Diamond, and an extra 
good one. N. B. SAN FORI), STRYKER. OHIO. 


*^ Cracking good Boars — A string of extra rh"ice 
-J Polnnd-China boars from prite-winnlng and 
other dams. C. S. EPP1.EY. Zanesville. Ohio. 


Tpor Sale — Reg. Shorthorns, good milkers: all ages. (Roans or 
Reds 1 bulls and heifer calves, $35. Pol. -Chins Sow pigs, 
$5. Pedigreed. LF.LSER BROS., Akron, Ohio. 


PnlTnrl.nii inn 

Prices reas'ble. L. C. McLaughlin. F1aaaaatillla.fi. 


40 Choice Shorthorn ^^ Va t , k 

er. Cumberland, 0.(Furm 1 mile w. of Cumberland.) 


Tamwnrth Bwlna - and 
i am n ui in t 

blood. K. S. HAWK. .Mtclianicsbnrg. Ohio. 


Choice Red Polls of Both Sexes 

at Bargain prices. C. A. SHUIiTZ, Gaysport, O. 


Poland-Chinas-SF.RYICE BOARS. Bred Sow. 
X and Fall pigs. Meddler and Chief Perfection 
2nd blood. MARIOS MATTICKS. lilcntnont. Ohio 


RfirkfilllPAC — 40bred*ows 1 [fellow Prein- 
DclRSnircS i«rWI0O,8lrt Mid 1 Clmm- 
pionl at the Vniverial Exposition. St. Lonii, 1904 All , for 
Bale. Send for cue it price lmt.M.-ipIo Leaf Fariiig.Milleriburg 0. 


r>0 YOJ WANT SIZE, BONE and Large Lltler. I 

Uoln Poland- Chinas : 


Rorlrchirac — Four. 

UCIr\OIIIIC9 >owa i . o Ang. 1 ii 
piga; fine breeding. O KM EL COLE, Flndlay. Oliio. 


Circular free. GRANT SHKOP, Atwater. Ohio. 


Pnl nnd-Cliiiins - n, '-' rro ' r,ny ' nrln f 

JTUiailu wiiiiuo BiUnr a*x. SmtisfB «nar. 

Write to W. I). STR1CKER. R I. Marysvllle. Ol i 


Thirst prize at Ohio State Fair won bv my large 
English Berkshire boar. Have other 800 1b. and 
imported boars 80 Berk. sows. hoars & pigs for salt, 
ARTHUR C ADAMS. Westerville. Ohio. 


Poland-Chinas^. . 

GEO. R. GREEN. R. 1. Wllloughby, Ohio. 


DrBaavwllintoa] Iterksliirea — 150headto select 
-T from. Write your wants, we can pleas© vou. 
ETZ1.KK A MOSI'.S. CONVOY. OHIO. 


Poland-Chinas 

and April, and a few fancy lall boars Get my 
price*. G. S. 11 ALL. VAKM I>A LE. OHIO. 


T urge English Berkshires — Service boars, gilts. 
Aj bred for April farrow. Will price right, flood 
pedigree. LINCOLN BAKEH, l'luiu City, Ohio. 


ar ~' - Pe; I* fhiCM. Hfrk»hi*»-«. C i-» 


Rarlfctiicac 

uei Kami ea „ ir , ., . . 

f'w.S.C.Blk. Mln. ckls. 11. B. Hunter. Blue Bock. O. 


1^ ~1 Wf •trains, all aft*. maUtl.nnt :■ . 

' .r» finf rn»»y > • 


A 2 to 3 Mos.Old Pig, Express Paid 

in eichance for a few days of your apare tltn». 

You mint no mon*T . Saad for particulari at one*. Addr*** 

PKKNA. ItCKKSlllRE CO.. KanaatttbaiC, Pesos. 


T arpe Fng. llerktliire, - 1 i rlmice tow,, bred ot mported 
A—* tioar; 15 Choice Sow pipit; 10 liner pig*, all flrtt*clats 
-cheap. H. P. M A U t? 11 M A N. Wad. worth, Ohio 


T iirjrt* Kn»rli*tli lt«*rk*li lr*» a — Boars ready for 

service. Sows bred to order. Fall pigs not 
akin. THOS. E. EBKRSOl.E. Carrolltou. Ohio. 


j O I.C Bred Giits 

v/_y promlnm stuck. 'J malea.Send for ped, 
rtatufial Roail Btsofc Farw. Rlchaftoad I r ' 


"C'ngllsh Berkshire S\v ine— Iteg. Exlra good stock. 
Xj Satlsf'n guar. M.B. Tnrkevs. br'd'g loins, wi. 
47 lbs., hens. 30 lbs. H. B. Vaiiglian. On a. W, Va. 


O 1 C SPRING PIGS 

Ready t0 Ship 

H. S. NELSON," ■ 0 „ lM r s o?S. 0 , M, °- 


Berkshires CHEAP. 

C. W. BUM, It. MOT LTKIE. OIUO. 


Poland-Chinas-Breeding 40 Y'lings 

and ell ta for snrlnc farrow to two boars of IVt*r 
Monw's brooding. Their slros wriched over 1000 lbs. 
65 fi\ll pi its from aauio boars. a extra good srrvtc* 1 
b'rs.Wh . Hol.Tkrs. 1. B. IIARNKK K. 3. Xrnla O 


t\ I. C. and Imp Chr.ter White. — lleglstered. 

' '• For Sale. Prise herd boar Jumbo I28t». 

sorv. boars, pin. L F. MARTIN, Newtown Ohio. 


0. I. C. Pigs at a Bargain ' V;*. 

dotte cockerels. 11. E. F MII.LFR, Verniilllon. O. 


T>oland'Chfna Hoes — A few good gilts and male 
rdK* at reasonable prices. Urnwn, China, Kne, 
Hsb. Tonloase geese and Hunt Orpingtons for sala. 
Address C. P. Luttrell, Lut troll, care Octa, Ohio. 


C\ s \ f —Bred sow and rills. '. months 
' *• • ; .ale.. Qnalitv g.>od. f'nee l",r. 
W R. ( ARK. Newtonsviile. Ohio. 


REGISTERED P0LAND-CHINAS==4O 

SOWS I'M f.-t nt Bsnww; SERVICE BOARS, all of beat 

bi d A heet individual, raised In my *> yre.' experience. Prices 
reasonable Fami al ri Ancient L C.SUOS, Dos O.Lebanon. O. 


WRITP ;i '■ s 1 HCNTSVILI.K. O f, r 
Unlit 0. 1. C. .nine. 4<l so i .1 ; SO 

boars for service, aud fall pigs in pairs no kin. 




Chester-White Swine: r 

open: pairs tin akin. Ea«y-feedinc kind with plenty 
of bona and Tlcnr. As repreaented or in on ev re- 
funded. H. L. STEWART, R. 6. Ttffln. Ohio. 


if r^-lPoland'Chinas-.t. 0 '?:': 

xa^HH^I^^PnVin.Sowa all ages bred, flood onea 

i!^^F*TT >■ W rtlaJaa A. Biek.HI betta.O, 


T>oland Chlnas — Special price for SO days on 
I choice service boars, bred sows. fall pie*. Pod! 
famished. Wiife v nni. fi IV 1, lies & Son. CI : ins. O. 


L. H. Martin-Chester-Whites 

Boars and Sows for Sale. Alexandria, Ohio 



Jak. 11, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



19—51 



Invest Your Money in 

City & County Bonds 

A Municipal Bond is a receipt for 
money loaned to a city or county for a 
given length of time, and is secured 
by the taxes on property. No matter 
how bad the politics of a community 
may be it can not affect the security. 

The United States Treasury accepts 
for Government deposits such bonds as 
we offer you. Your principal can not 
shrink, your interest is always as- 
sured, we remit for your coupons the 
day they are due. 

Such securities are always availa- 
ble as collateral, and can be turned 
into cash at any time. 

We only offer you such bonds as we 
have purchased for our own invest- 
ments and will yield from 



You can't afford to miss this oppor- 
tunity. 

Write for free particulars today. 
THE NEW FIRST NATIONAL BANK 
Dept. F, Columbus, Ohio. 



• ._.;_»!„- of practical and fancy pnrp 
VanetteS bred poultry. Beautiful, 
hardy, vigorous. Largest, most successful 
poultry-farm. Thousands to choose lrom. 
Big Profitable Poultry book tells all 
about it. Quotes low priues on fowls, eggs, 
Incubators, and supplies. Sent for i cents. 
Berry's Poultry Farm.Box 46 Clariada.Ia. 

Write for showfJhester-WhiteS AU a S«s for sale, 
record of our = Describe what you 

want. Address HARDIN BROS.. Box u-16»,l.iu>a,0. 




Imp 



. Chester-White , & brodor 

B. S M U C K E R , SMITHVILLK, OHIO. 



j„ ly i» igs CHESTER=WHITES b J ,T e one 

H. A. Hoskins, Pomeroy, Ohio. 



eit 

HEIID BO AR. 



CllCCni If AND LANOASH1K1S SWINE. 
OUT i U Ul\ Choice stork always on hand and for 
,ale. T. B. BENNINGTON. Grafton. Ohio. 



Duroc=Jerseys! 

Boars ready for service, sows bred, pigs at wean- 
insj. Cotswold sheep — bred ewes, ewe lambs, ruins 
all ages. Lincoln rams. B. P. R. cockerels. .ler- 
st-y cows, heifers and bulls all ages. Shipped C.O.D. 
L. It. KUNEY.Bell phone 131. Adrian, Mich. 



Duroc= Jersey Brood So wBargains 

25 gilts bred for Murch and April farrow, $15 to |20. 
Bred to a grandson of Kant-be- Beat and grandson 
of King-to-Be. Choice fall pigs .of either ses. 
A few service boars. Polled Durham bargains. Reg. 
Write E. F. COOVER, Clarksburg, Ross Co., O. 



Duroc=Jersey~ 



j— Choice Gilts, 200 to 225 lbs- 
Bred and proved for March 
and April farrows. Sept. pigs. R. C. R. I. Red ckls, 
C. C. MILLER, R. 9, DECATUR, INDIANA. 



wui ww »« «* * J *Apr. tar w. Have a few males. 
Fall pigs in pairs or trios.no kin. Well-bred stock 
reasonable. J. B. FINNEY & SONS, Millersburg, O. 



Durocs— All ages. Sows bred ; pigs, either sex, not 
akin. Heavy-boned, good colors. Satisf'n guar, 
or money-refunded. R. J. Henderson, Adenu, Ohio. 



TJUKOC-JEKSETS— Sows bred for Spring. Fall 
^ pigs. Buff Rocks, choice breeding at farmers' 
prices. GEO. W. CRIM, Uhrichsville, Ohio. 



Till YCIO-. Tprt5PT7«i~ AI1 a £ es for sale. The 

yard and wins. 80 head to select from. Write your 
wants. E. A. WALUORN, Van Wert, Ohio. 



T)n rnP..Tf»r«PV Pigs— -A choice lot of wean- 

■uuiuo-d eis>ey u „g S . lt .» 5 e(K . h . spring 

gilts, $15. ALBERT NYE, New Washington. O. 



Tinrnp-.Tf i r«ip'u' — s i ,rins and Fal1 p>s s ° f 

blood. J. J. Zimmerman & Sou, Washington C.H..O. 



rTnO 1 Tflrm DUKOCS— Boars ready for 

w 6 J. in service Bre.l sows and gilts. 

L. C. Me C L U R E, I.. Box 1UB3. Galion. Ohio. 



UROO JERSEYS— service boars, bred sows, 
gilts, fall pigs. I guarantee them to please. 
E. E. MILLER, Van Wert, Ohio. 



werg treating her. Apply camphorated oil 
night and morning. 

Cow Aborted. — Cow lost her six-months- 
old calf. She was fed corn fodder and soft 
corn; part of corn was frozen. A. S., Van 
Wert, O. — It is possible that abortion was 
result of accident, or it may have been 
the result of eating ergotized food. 
HOGS. 

Barren Sows. — Brood sows are in good 
health, but fail to come in heat. Boar has 
been with these sows most of time. G. 
A. O. . Greensburg, Ind. — Give each sow a 
dessert spoonful sanmetto and V 2 tea- 
spoonful powdered capsicum in feed. twice 
a day. 

Loss of Appetite — Rheumatism. — Pig 
seems to have lost his appetite: joints are 
quite stiff and he showed a little dizzi- 
ness one evening. J. E. P., Butler. Ind. — 
Give 15 drops fluid extract gentian. 10 
drops fluid extract cinchona, 5 grains car- 
bonate potash and 4 grains bromide pot- 
ash. 3 times a day. 

Billiousness. — Two pigs are sick. They 
have but little appetite and stand humped 
up. 'They have appeared dumpish for tho 
past 10 days. R. B., Defiance, O. — Give Vz 
grain podophyllin and 10 grains hyposul- 
fite soda, once a day. Also give 20 grains 
ground gentian and 10 grains powdered 
sulfate iron, 3 times a day. 

SHEEP. 

Worms. — Flock of sheep is badly run 
down. We dissected one this morning 
and found rectum quite full; excrement 
was mixed with thread-like worms, about 
an inch long, and small intestines con- 
tained tape worms, several feet long. Have 
dosed them with many remedies, kamala 
being the only one that seemed to do 
them any good. S. R.. Gaylord. Ind. — If 
you are sure that your sheen, have tape 
worm give them powdered kamala, % 
grain to a pound of sheep is a full dose. 
Three hours after giving it. give castor 
oil. It will be a mistake to give them 
many doses; however, you had better give 
them some of the following compound 
powder in feed, twice a day: Powdered 
sulfate iron, ground gentian, ginger, cin- 
chona and salt, equal parts by weight. and 
a teaspoonful divided between 3 or 4 
sheep. 



FIELD NOTES. 



Wood Co.. O.. (N. W.) Dec. 24.— Much 
alternate freezing and thawing, quite a 
few light snows. Everything down and 
sales slow, horses less than other stock. 
Most of the corn is husked and much is 
being sold at 70c cwt. ; eggs, 28c; butter, 
25c. Farmers are puzzled on the high 
corn and low hog question. Quite a few 
cattle on feed. Not much work being done 
tho some husk corn on fair days. Average 
number of sales being held. — Clyde A. 
Waugh. 

Upshur Co.. W. Va., (C.) Dec. 27.— 
Warm with plenty of rain; roads very 
muddy. Live stock in good condition for 
winter; little feeding done yet; lots of 
grass. Corn, 75c; oats. 75c; wheat, $1; 
potatoes, 75c; apples. $1; chickens, 8c; 
eggs, 30c; butter. 25c. Some corn to shuck 
yet, plenty soft and damaged corn. Farm- 
ers well up with work. — A. S. Gum. 

Richland Co., O., (N. C.) Dec. 30.— 
Mild winter weather. Stock poor sale. 
Many farmers are pig poor, selling at $2.85 
a pair. Corn all in crib, lots of it molding. 
Corn fodder is not keeping well. Wheat is 
small but looks good. Hay prices have 
dropped. Wheat, 97c; oats. 48c; rye, 70c; 
corn. 70c; timothy seed. $1.90; clover seed, 
$9; potatoes, 50c; butter, 25c; eggs. 26c; 
cabbages, $8 ton. No apples. — C. L. Davis. 

Owen Co., Ind., (W. C.) Dec. 27.— Plen- 
ty of rain, roads very muddy. Wheat is 
looking well. Corn all in crib; large crop 
but poor quality. Wheat. 85c; corn, 45c; 
eggs, 25c; butter. 20c. Numerous sales. 
Property selling low except feed. — Sidney 
Stralv. 

Williams Co.. O., (N. W.) Dec. 28.— 
Weather warm and cloudy; roads bad. All 
live stock low. Cattle. 2 3 i@4c; hogs, 4c; 
veal, Gy 2 c\ chickens, 6c; eggs, 29c; butter, 
20c; best timothy hay, $10; mixed, $8; 
wheat, 95c; corn. 80c; oats. 48c. Grass and 
wheat looking fine since the snow is gone. 
A large amount of plowing done this fall, 
some of the farmers plowing right thru 
snow. We had nearly two weeks of good 
sleighing. — J. H. Rotsel. 

Morgan Co.. O., (S. E.) Dec. 26.— Plen- 
ty of ram; roads muddy. Stock looking 
well. Some corn yet to husk, lots of 
soft corn; considerable fodder being cut. 
Wheat not looking very well. Some farm- 
ers plowing for spring crops. Some wood 
being burnt for fuel; coal hard to get. 
Wheat, 95c; corn. 75c; potatoes, 76c; but- ( 
ter, 18c; eggs, 28c; chickens, 6c: — W. B. 
Hopkins. 



5 GreatValleys 

^^^r Along the Santa Fc are Five Crcat Valleys. Every one of them win ^ >n be supporting an Jfc J immense popn- 
lation. Land can be bought today at reasonable rates and on liberal terms. In five years ^9kW it win double 
^ m ~~ or triple in value. A million and a hair acres arc now, or soon will be. Irrigated. Irrigation insures crops. 

No drouth; no washout ; no uncertainty. Turn on the water; when you have enough to full ill your requirements, turn it off. 
The seasons are Ion?, the variety of crops almost limitless. Read this pace carefully. Investigate thoroughly and you will be 
convinced that this opportunity is one you should take advantage "* 



San Joaquin Valley 

The San Joaquin Valley of Cal- 
ifornia embraces the twelve coun- 
ties between Bakersfield and Stock- 
ton. It is ft valley of unlimited 
resources and is capable of support- 
ing an empire. 

It is a country for a man of limited 
means. Ten acres will more than 
support the average family, while 
twenty acres will mean a bank 
account in three or four years. 

Anything can be grown. Fruit, 
vines, vegetables, cereals, all do 
well. While waiting for his orchards 
and vineyards to begin bearing, the 
settler can tide himself over with 
such crops as alfalfa, potatoes, etc., 
while dairying and poultry will 
help materially. 

Cropsfollow one another through- 
out the year, to that the farmer 
who will attend to his business can 
always have sometime on band to 
sell. 

Large returns are received from 
peaches, apricots, wine, raisins and 
table grapes, figs, small fruits oi all 
kinds, sweet potatoes, and alfalfa, 
while oranges are yielding big 
returns along the foot-hills. 

Land is still to be had at reason- 
able prices. Terms are liberal and 
easily met. The expenses for im- 
provements arc slight. In short, 
it's an opportunity. 



Arkansas Valley 



There are $00,000 acre* of land under irrigation in the Arkansas Valley of Kansas and 
Colorado. The 3,000 miles of canals and laterals cost Si 0,000,000 jxj More sugar-beets are (town 
in this valley than is any other part of the United States. Six Urge beet-augar factories are now in 
Operation and more aro budding. 

Beets grown in this section have a high percentage of sugar, and as the land produce* in unusual 
abundance, the crop is a very profitable one. 

Another staple is alfalfa, which has reached a wonderful development yielding a heavy tonnage and 
allowing two or three cuttings a year. There is a strong demand for every ton grown and prices are good. 

The famous Rocky Ford cantaloupe is grown in this valley and Is a big money maker. 
Fruits of all kinds do well and arc certain income getters. 
The climate is all but ideal; the altitude about 3,600 feet; 
the air invigorating; and the sun shining almost every day 
makes tbe valley a delightful place to live in. 

Lands are still to be had at very reasonable prices. 

This is another aectioo that should be investigated. 



Rio Grande Valley 

In the Hio Grande Valley of Hew Mexico, the Reclama- 
tion Service has projected a system of irrigation that will 
cost S7, 200,000 and will reclaim 300,000 acres of land. It is 
proposed to darn tbe river near Engle, New Mexico, one hundred 
and twenty miles above £1 Paso. 

It will be three years or more before the Engle Dam Is 
completed, but in the meantime a diversion dam has been 
put in to irrigate about 85,000 acres jn the Messlla Valley. 

This valley is as rich as the Rile, and with the completion 
of the Engle project every acre of available land will be in culti- 
vation. Row, however, is a good time to get in "on the ground 
floor," as tbe irrigated land in this fertile valley, with an assur- 
ed water supply, will command big prices. 

With a beautiful climate and rich soil, a great variety of 
crops are grown. 

The population in this valley is made up of a good class of 
eastern people; the towns are progressive end up-to-date. 



The Salt River Valley 



The Roosevelt Dam, soon to be completed, will Irrigate, to start with, about two hundred thousand 
acres of very fertile land in the Salt River Valley of Arizona. This acreage will be increased within a 
few years to three hundred thousand acres. As soon as the water for irrigation is turned into the Val- 
ley, it will become one of the most desirable places of residence in the west. The settler who gets in 
early can get his land at reasonable cost. The increase in land values alone will double his money. 
If he has cultivated the land intelligently, it will sell within five years for three or four tunes tbe pres- 
ent price. The climate is so favorable that one crop immediately succeeds another. Alfalfa yields 
wonderfully and sells readily at from ten to twelve dollars a too. As a fruit and vegetable country this 
valley is destined to rival California. The immense mineral development in Arizona insures a good 
market for all farm products for a long time to come. Sheep and wool are among Arizona's principal 
staples; great numbers of sheep ore pastured on tbe ranges, being driven into more protected valleys 
at shearing time. 



Pecos Valley 



In the Pecos Valley of Hew Mexico 
irrigation is working wonders. Tbe 
Government irrigation projects at 
R os well and Carlsbad, now com- 
pleted, together with more than 
400 artesian wells, every one of 
which will irrigate too acres of 
land, will insure the development 
of upwards of 100,000 acres of tbe 
richest land in the world. 

Water being assured, crop yields 
are very large, and tbe climatic con- 
ditions are all that could be desired. 
Apples and pears grow to perfection, 
tbe fruit being of unusual size, 
without blemish of any kind, and 
of a distinct flavor. 

Ten acres in apples insures a good 
income, while twenty acres means 
a bank account. 

Alfalfa will yield six tons to the 
acre and finds a ready market at 
Sio a too. By feeding bogs, the 
value of this crop is easily raised 
50 per cent. 

Indian com, milo maise, kaffir 
corn, millet, wheat, barley, oats, 
and rye are produced abupdantly, 
and pay splendidly for the labor 
put on them. 

Vbe country is supplied with tbe 
best of schools, churches, and in 
tbe principal towns, with public 
library, water works, electric lights, 
etc. 

You can buy a farm cheap and 
on very attractive terms, but the 
chances now ofiering will not last 
long. 



We have published booklets descriptive of each of the Valleys mentioned above. 
Which interests you most? Let me know and I will send you literature and tell you 
how to go with the least possible expense. 

We have a man in this office who is hired to answer questions and tell the truth. Use him. 



C. L. SEAGRAVES 



Rolled Gold Spectocles 



NO 



SEND 



Just write me your name and address and .1 will mail you my Perfect 
Home Eye Tester and Rolled Gold Spectacle Offer absolutely Free. Address:— 
BK. HABX SPECTACLE COMPA5T, Block 199, St tools, Mo. 
PT / WANT AGENTS ALSO. 

NOTE.— The Above Is the largest Mail Order Spectacle 
House In the World and perfectly reliable. 



COUGH S HEAVES 

Can you afford to neelect 
horses that are couyhintr, 
and let the disease term i- 
nate in broken wind or 
heaves, when it only costs 
S^c a day to treat a horse 
lirop^rly for either eungh or 
heaves. 



DR. W. C. FAIR'S 

New Cough and Heave Remedy 

Always relieves a cough and seldom fails to 
permanently cure heaves. 
60 doses, in coin envelopes, enough for 

30 Days' Treatments $l 

DR. FAIR VETERINARY REMEDY COMPANY, 

57 ! 2-57 1 4 Carnegie Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio. 




NlCA 

'Axle 
Crease 



lightens 
the 
load- 
shortens 
the 
road. 



Makes the wagon pull easier, 
helps the team. Saves wear 
and expense. Sold 
- v every where. 




I Will Give You a Real 30 Day Free Trial With the Mone y in Y0UR Pocket 



YOU don't have to pay me or any one else a single cent on the price of 
my spreader before you try it or after you try it, if it doesn't prove 
itself to be the best made. I am not beginning- in the spreader busi- 
ness. I have built spreaders for years. So I know what beginners don't 
know. I know how to and do build the Galloway Spreader so it can't break 
And wear out where experimental spreaders are sure to break and wear out. 
I challenge any other manure spreader seller or manufacturer to put 



his spreader alongside of the Galloway in the hardest kind of a test 
I don t care what other spreader you try— it won't cost you a cent to try 
the Galloway at the same time. So it's certainly to your advantage to 
try the Galloway at no cost to you even if you do put up your money to try 
any other spreader. If the Galloway doesn't beat any other that you try 
all you have to do is return it at my expense and you're cot out a penny 
and you haven t risked a penny. 



If 



Galloway 



I make the only 70 bu. spread- 
er with wagon running-gear. 
Patented. It's something new. 
Worth $15 more than any 
other, and costs $20 less 



My Price— the Lowest 

Ever Made on a High-Grade Spreader 



Wagon Box 




Manure Spreader 

THE Galloway has the best improvements— all patented so 
you can't get them on other spreaders. The Galloway is 

Lightest Draft— Feeds as You Wish— and is the Only 
Spreader that Fits Quickly and Easily to the Differ- 
ent Widths oi Wagon Gears. 

WILLIAM GALLOWAY, 659 Jefferson St., Waterloo, la. 

Prompt delivery to yog from Waterloo Factory or transfer points at Kansas City ; Minneapolis ; Madison, Wis., etc. 



Galloway of Waterloo 

Send me a postal and I will 
send you, absolutely free, my 
specfal proposition to you and 
the Best and Biggest Manure 
Spreader Book, Free. 




The ONLY Sprerd 
er with MALLTA 
HLE and STEEL lor 
ALL Parts that 
break and wear 
out in other 
spreaders. 

Fits the 
wagon gears 
you already 

ive. 




Patented 
Worth $25 on 
any Spreader 
Costs you nothing 
on the Galloway, 



( The ONLY 
Spreader 
Guaranteed for 
25 Years with 
$25,000 Bond Guar- 
antee TO PROTECT YOU 




Merchandise ,m Sheriffs ' ■" Receivers ' Sales 

30 to SO per cent Saved on Staple Merchandise, 

OUR WONDERFUL 8903 OFFER. 



Wrecking prices are known as 
bargain prices. The most won- 
derful bargain offering ever ad- 
vertised. Such an opportunity 
seldom occurs. The very best 
manufactured articles are being 
offered at less than original cost 
ol production. We do not buy our 



CHICAGO HOUSE WRECKING CO. 



You Must Buy At These Astonishing Low Prices. Don't Wait Until It is Too Late. Send 



goods In the regular way, but 
take advantage of various sales to 
secure bargains. Our mammoth 
plant Is the largest in the world 
devoted to the sale of general 
stocks. Over 86 acres literally 
covered with merchandise. 

Us Your Order 



JACK-SCREWS, 95c. 

new, best quality manufactured. Made with 
cast iron stand and wrought iron screw 
having deep cat thread. 

10 Ton Jack Screw S .SB 

12 _ 1.21 

16 1.42 

20 1.80 

24 2.62 

flonse Raising Jacks, each, 1.G6 

Maple Boilers, each - .20 

Single Tackle Blocks 23 

Double " " - 39 

Triple " " 63 

All kinds House moving equipment 



Conductor Pipe, 3 1-2c per ft. 



Brand new galvanized. 2 in. per ft. 3 1 -2c 
3 In. per ft. 4o. Other sizes in proportion. 
Eave Trough, per ft. 3c and up. Elbows, 
Eavo Trough Corneri, Hangers, Hooks and 
evt ry thing in Down -spouting, Eave Troughs 
and Fittings. Brand new galvuuizod Ridge 
Roll, per ft. 4c and op. Roofer's Snips, 
28c each. Roofing tools of all sorts. 



Lumber! 



Lumber I 



PORTABLE FORGE, $4.75. 

Lever motion; with extra 
heay pipe legs; stand9 30 in- 
nich: 8 in, fan. Larger forge*, 
like illustration from $8.35 to 
$14.50. We guarantee our 
forges equal or superiorto 
anything on the market. 
Write for our furl list. 
Blacksmiths' sledges, 
unhandled, per lb., 5e. 
Hot and Cold Chisels, 9c per lb. 





HORSE SHOES, $3.75 Per Keg 

Weoffcr2,000 kegs of brand new. 
, fl rst- class, celebrated "Englo" 

^horseshoes at S3. 75 

|per keg when ordered in lots 
lot 5 kegs at onetime; in 
smaller quantities, 

'Price $4.00 

We ran furnish sizes from 
'No. 0 to No. 7, either mixed 
^or one kind to a keg. 



Felt Roofing BOcpr.Sq. 

2-ply "Eagle" Brand, 100 eq. ft.. 
60c; 3 ply, 90c; Vulcanite Roof- 
ing with nails, caps and cement, 
easy to put on; requires no coat- 
ing. 108sq ft.. $1.75. Ruberized 
Galvo-Roofiug, guaranteed for 
20 years. No coating required; 
per 108 sq. ft., including nails, 
caps, cement for laps, 1 ply $1.50. 




PAINTS, 30c PER GALLON 

Barn Taint, in bbl. lots, per 
gal., 30c; Cold Water Paints, 
celebrated Asbestine brand, 
outside nse.lully guaranteed, 
liest assortment colors, 50 lb. 
lots. per lb., 3c. " Perfection^' 
Mixed Paints, per naj.. 78e. 
'Premier' Brand, 3-year guar- 
antee, per gal. 96e. Varnishes. 




MANILA ROPE BARGAH4S. 

Good Manila Rope, slight- 
ly used, all sizes, °a in., 
per 100 (t., $3.25. New 
Manila Bope slightly 
chop worn, per lb., 10c 
Wrapping Twine, per lb., w 
5c. Galvanized Guy Wire , * 
100ft. ,$1.60. Wire Bope anO 
Cable at way down prices. Tackle Blocks, etc. 




Steel Roofing %Z S? $1.50 




Most economical and durable 
==A roof covering known. Easy to put 
on; requires no tools butahatch- 
■ etora hammer. With ordinary 
B care will last many years. Thorg 
m andsolsatistled customers every 
ft where have proven its virtues 
Suitablofor covering buildings 
IB of any kind. Alsoused for ceiling 
^andBiding. Fire-proof and water- 

proof. Cheaper and more lasting 

__Hf'than shingles. Will not taint 
r in summer and warmer in winter. Abso 



rain-water. Makes your building c.,„. 

lutely perfect, brand now. straight from the factory. • 1.60 is our prieo for our 
No. 15 grade of Flat Semi-Hardened Bteel roofing and siding, each sheet ii In, 
wide and 21 In. long. Our price on tho corrugated, liko illustration, sheets 82 la. 
wide and 24 in. long, S1.76. At25 cents per squaro additional we will furnish 
sheets 6 and 8 feoWong. Our price on Standing Seam or "V ' Crimped Roofing 
is the sare as on tho corrugated. We have other grades of Steel and Iron 
Roofing. Don't Delay. Write TODAY for Full Particulars. 
U//>Oiw 4fa*. C*mm£mM to all points East of Colorado except Okla 
We fay in® rreignt h™» Tihs himI Indian Territory. Quota 
tions to other points on application. This freight prepaid proposition only refers 
to the steel roofing offered in this advertisement. Satisfaction guaranteed or 
money refunded. We will send this routing to anyone answering tins advertise- 
ment C. O. D., with privilege of examination if you will Bond 25 per cent of the 
amount.you order in cash; balanco to be paid after material reaches yuursCaHan. 
not found as represent' d, refuse tho shipment and wo will cheerfully 



If not found as repre- 
rofuud your deposit. All kinds of R 
phie^eave^troiigl^sto^^s n fa taj fl^tingB. f t e . | 

Brick SMSng, $2.Qil T* 

flx up your old building by covering it with 
1 



ling supplies 



galvanized condu 
t id" n» yo x i r order todi 



, barns. 



stores, housos 
hotels, etc. why noi 




lx up y. 

>rieutpfresh brick Bitting. Easily" put on. 
Made of semi-hardened steel. Looks liko 
brick. No special tools required, Prevents 
decay. Decrcnses fi™ liability. Improves 
appearance of premises. Adaptablo for 
buildings of all kinds. We sell immense 
quantities. Gives thorough satisfaction. 
Comes in sheets 21 ins. x 5b ins. Has all 

good points of steel roofing. Remember, 

you buy direct from our own mill. We aro headquarters for brick siding 

Metal Ceilings, $2.00 ^^SS^W^SSS, 

^ offices, kitchens, restaurants, etc. No falling 
J plaster. Always neat and attractive. Ecc 
3 nomical and lasting. Bont roady to putup.N 
~j special tools required. Comes in shoots 24 
— . in •■ > i'i and s ft. long. Also used for sidin-; 

J Special Prepaid Freight Ottor. W< 
Jwill pay freight on all orders formctal roof 
^lng, bonded ceiling and brick siding to points 
IK east of Colorado— except in Oklahoma, Texas 
.«,:;• I Indian Territory. I'ricos to theso points, 
H freight paid, furnished on application. This 
" includes nothing else. 



fjjcJBh^J^THTehJoffivrrefc^ 



TUBULAR LANTERNS, 45c. 

Steel Shovels, strongly made, 
30c; Stool slnrrlo bit axes, 45c; 
Doable bit axes, 40c; Largo 
istzo stool hammers, 25c; 
JManuro forks, 45c; Hay 
i forks, 30c; Axo handlos, 
I 5c ; Hack saws, with frame, ■ 
115c; Hand Haws, 25c; ComT 
pass saws, 12c; Files, 6c;| 
Hatchets, 30c. 



COMBINATION TOOLS, S2.90. 

1, 000 of those cxcoUcnt tools. Ucre ti a 
chance to buy a combination of an anvil, a 

e a€* IP * Uo » * drm * n R 

. « *t>itw— £v__.rru machine, cut-off 
hardy and pipe 
machtnn, all In 
ono, tor 92.90. 
fmjfr Has no oqnal. The Jews of viso 
TWIP open 5 int., fara of )awa 3 Ina. wide i 
weight. HO lha. LlTM* mmblnatlnn t3.26. 



4-PostWindMillTowerS12 

Galvanized after completion. ] 
liraced in a most thoroufth , 
manner. Easy to put together j 
and eroct. Mot the cheap 
kind. Each complete with 
platform, anchor posts and 
anchor pinto, worth $21; our 
price, $12.00. All kinds of . 
steel storagro tanks from 30 J 
gallon up to 10,000 gallon. 



RE BUILT TRACTION OUTFITS. 



1 1 nvo burn over- 
hauled ana re- 
built. 25 trac- 
tion rigs, dlflur- 
ent make*. 10 
M 25 H. 1'. S200 
and up. Farm 
outfit, on 

arh»ll, 8 tO 15 

U. P. rail 
|,p, clflcation and 




Fifty Million Feet of Lumber for Sale: 

We recently bought at Manufacturers' Sale over 
50,000,000 Feet of all kinds of Lumber and Finish- 
ing Material. We are making special concessions 
to those who will buy at once. Even if you 
have no use for this lumber at once, it will pay 
you to buy now. We cheerfully invite inspection 
of our Lumber Stock and will be glad to have you 
come direct to »ur warehouse and yards at Chicago, 
see the lumber we are offering, and you will recog- 
nize that it is all we say of it; make your own sel- 
ection and see it loaded. It is not necessary how- 
ever to come to Chicago; we sell you by mail very 
easily and will have no trouble to convince you of 
the desirability of placing an order with us. Just 
i ou send us your lumber bill, and we will easily 
"Show You." On application we will send copies 
of letters from customers who have bought from 
us. They saved money, why can't you? Writetoday. 



We Pasr&based Every Exposition 

This includes tho World's Fairs of Chicago and 
St. Louis, tho expositions of Buffalo and Omaha, 
built at a cost of $90,000,000.00. We are tho foremost 
dismantlers and purchasers of large institutions 
in the world. By this means alone millions of 
dollars' worth of the world's best products have 
passed into our possession and have been rebuilt 
and sold at 50 per cent below their original value 

The World's Bargain Center 

Thousands of satisfied customers everywhere have 
learned to recognize the virtue of our business. We 
stand between you and hi.gh prices. The greater 
part of our stock consists of absolutely brand new 
first-class merchandise that wo have secured in con- 
nection with our purchase of stocks at SHERIFFS 
and RECEIVERS' SALES. Ourenormous warehouses 
are overflowing with merchandise secured from such 
Bources. Our wonderful growth and expansion is 
the best evidence of our ability to serve you. 
Merchandise of the highest quality is sold at 
sacrifice prices. Each day some now addition to our 
stock compels us to dispose of what we have on 
hand. The time to buy is when theso bargains, shown 
you in this advertisement, are calling on you for 
action. Send us your order today and bo convinced. 

Fkrnil* SivKZ*Wl*n4t*e>i Wo guarantee absolute 

customer means more to us than a largo sale. Every 
article you purchase from us is guaranteed abso- 
lutely as represented. If you find it to the contrary, 
wo hold ourselves in readiness to make good our 
representations. If tho goods received are not as 
represented, wo will take them back and refund 
your purchase price at once. There will be no ar- 
gument about tho return of your money. All you 
need to say is that "goods are not satisfactory." 
That's enough for us. Money will be promptly re- 
funded to you. Send us your order today. 

We cheerfully Invite investigation as to our re- 
responsibility. Our capital stock and surplus is over 
$1,000,000.00. Wo refer you to any commercial Institu- 
tion in Chicago or anywhere elso. Look us up In 
Dun's or Uradstreet's; ask any Express Company: 
write to the editor of this or any other paper; If you 
want more positive proof, write to our depository, 
tho Drovers' Deposit National Bank; Chicago. 



Send Us Your Lumber 
Bill For Our Estimate 

The Chicago House Wrecking Company offers the most" wonderful opportunity ever heard of to furnish you lum- 
ber and building supplies of every kind at prices that will save you big money. Such an opportunity as this seldom occurs. 
We have lumber for your house, church, barn, meeting house, cribs, stores, factories and in fact buildings of every kind. We 
can furnish absolutely everything required in construction material. Have your carpenter or builder make up a complete list 
of everything that you may require, including Lumber, Sash, Doors, Nails, Roofing, Siding, Ceiling and every single article. 
Send it to us at once, tell us where you have seen this advertisement, and we will make a proposition that will be a saving of 
from 30 to 60 per cent. This is not an idle statement. Thousands of satisfied customers have bought lumber from us 
in the past. We guarantee absolute satisfaction. We require your good will. Read our guarantee below. 

Lumber From Expositions. We have 
had vast lumber experience. After the World's 
Fair at Chicago we sold 80,000,000 feet; at the 
Omaha Exposition, 51,000,000 feet; at the Pan- 
American Exposition, 33,000,000 feet, and at the 
St. Louis Exposition over 100,000,000 feet. You will 
miss one of the greatest chances you ever saw if 
you overlook buying your lumber now. Prices 
on lumber are ever advancing. Do not wait for 
them to go down. They never will. If you have 
no need for a carload yourself, get your neigh- 
bors to club with you. By buying a carload you 
can save all kinds of money on freight charges. 
We have railroad tracks running through our main 
warehouses and buildings and can load a car to 
good advantage to you. You can include other items 
in this same car, such as Pipe, Plumbing Mater 
ial and Merchandise of every kind. Roofing, 
Wire, Fencing, Furniture and Hardware. 



1-INCH PIPE, Per Foot 3 1-2c. 

Overhauled pipe, complete with screwed 
ends and threaded couplings: 

1 inch, per foot 3^>c 

1*4 inch 4Hao 14 inch 4.....6 1 ** 

Overhauled well coping, with couplings 
complete, good ae new: 
1*4 inch 3c 2 3 4 inch...„ lOo 



Today* 



Special Furniture Catalog Free 

We are constantly purchasing at Sheriffs' 
and Receivers' Sales complete stocks ol 
high grade, brand new, up-to-date Fernl- 
ture, Carpets, Hugs and Linoleum. We can 
save you from 30 to GO per cent. Good Lin- 
oleum at 30c per sq. yd. Hugs from 91.50 
up. Bedroom Furniture, Office Fixtures. 
Store Fixtures, etc. We can furnish every- 
thing needed for the home or the office. 

Send us list of yoor requirements or ask 
for our Special Furniture Catalogue. 



FiELD FENCING, 20c per rod. 

Galvanized graduated diamond mesh field 
fencing. 22 in. high, per rod 20c 

36 in., per rod „ 36e 

Square mesh fencing at the eame prices. 
Heavy 2-in. mesh, hexagon galvanized 

fencing, suitable for every purpose, made 

of Ko 16 wire, 150 lineal feet 24 tn. 

wide, per bale S2.00 

Galvanized poultry netting, 2-in. mesh 

150 lineal feet to the bale; 12 in. 

wide, per bale 60c 



EnatneledKiicSienSinksJI.OOljENAMELEO TUBS, $6.00 

New blue enameled, liix'24 
with nickel-plated strain- 
enameled inside and 




outside, price 9 1 .00 

Cust-iron flat rim white _ 
porcelainenainelcd kitchen sinks, size 18x3" 

with nickel-plated strainer 11.76 

Handsome hich back, one-piece, white 
enameled cast-iron seamless kitchen 
sinks $ 1 1 .00 




WIND MILL LIFT PUMPS 

Double acting, 3-way pumps..ft6.20 

Hand-force pumps 3.95 

Syphon spout-lift pnmps 3.65 

Kitchen force pumps 3.26 

Pitcher spout pumps 1.66 

Perfection spray pumps, best 

manufactured 2.26 

Pumps of all kinds. ' \ 



$140 Buys America 



Brand new et 
tubs, with enamel 
bakedon,5ft.lon v . 
Handsome white 
enameled.eeamlear 
cast-iron, roll rin 
bath-tubs. 916. 26*" 
Low-dow.i water 

closet outfits 910.00 

Beautiful Marble Washstands 0.00 




GALV. STEEL TANKS, $2.00 

Weigh leea and twice 
at practical at wooden 
tankt; best mauufac- 
tured. 32 gal. tank. (2; 
47 (ial., (2.50: 73 gal.. 
$2.70; 6bbl.,»3.M:larf- 
vt aizca Id proportion. 
Feed Cookers. «9.20; 
8tecl Wagon Tanks 17.00. GaW. Trough f 60c. 




Built Gasoline Engine 



s Finest X 



untfs Bind- 
Ing Guarsnteo. 




The best farm Engine manufacture d is offered 
you at a price within the reach of all. It is built 
for serrlce and satisfaction. It is not a toy 
engine, but made along lines that will be 
appreciated as time goes by It is rated con- 
servatively by the manufacturers at 5 II. P. 
but it will easily develop 6 II. P. It has the 
most perfect construction possible. The cool- 
ing tank is placed on top of cylinder, lees 
water being thus required in cold weather. 
No danger of freezing^ in winter time. The 
gasoline supply tank is cast in the base. Ko 
necessity for any piping. Xo danger of leak- 
age. All castings are made of a special mix- 
ture of iron, giving great strength and no 
danger of breakage. The connecting rod and crank shaft are steel dropped 
forglngs, made of fin. - 1 of mild steel. Both the crank and wrist pin brasses 
are adjustable. Here you have an Engine, built on tho most improved up-to- 
date design, along lines giving great strength, dnrbility and simplicity of oper- 
ation. Ko need to be a mechanic in order to understand working this Engine. 
Our complete instructions cover every pofsible contrivance. This Engine will 
pay for itself in a year's time. It can be used for any general farm 
purposes, as well as for regular machine shop uses. Be alive to modern 
ideas. A few cents per hour will cover all cost of operation. When the 
Engine is idle, no expense. Can be started an 1 stopped instantly. 
Absolutely tho Easiest Started Engine Manufactured 
We furnish the outfit complete with ma;:neto dynamo and set of four dry 
batteries. We furnish a set of batteries for starting Engine. When Engine 
is started, ubo the magneto. Bhipped complete with all necessary oil cupe, 
1 ti b r i c a t o r and muffler, all ready to run. Send in yon r o rd e r t < 



Complete Water Supply Outfits at $48 

Sou can live in city comfort even though your a — ^ 



You can live in city 
home be on a farm. By our Improved and simple 
pneumatic water supply systems you can have run- 
ning water in your home and on yoor farms, thereby 
enjoying all the comforts of modern plumbing con- 
veniences. At $48 we furnish you one of our spec- 
ial outfits consisting of a 150 gal, Chicago air and 
water tank, a special air and water pump and all 
necessary valves, gauges and so forth to complete 
the outfit. At $125 we will furnish you one of our 
Complete House Plumbing Outfits with air pressure 
water system, a bath tub. closet, lavatory, kitchen 
sink and range boiler for hot water and lnelud* 
ins all necessary pipes and fittings, similar to 
illustration shown in this advertisement. 

Wc aro in position to save you 30* or more. 
Our comprehensive book of Instructions, sent 
free on application. Our material is first class. 
It Is easy to install any of our systems. VYa 
furnish comprehensive drawings, so that any 
man handy with tools can properly install and 
operate. In replying tell os as much as you 
ran regarding construction of your bo tiding and 
any facts that will help us to give you an intr:ii- 

^^^^ We hnvr oiiti-ts from to f-00. 





100 POuNDS FENCING WIRE, SI. 25. 

Ko. II Tainted Wire short. SI. 25 

Nos. V. 10, 11 and 13 OalTanlsed wire 

shorts $1.80 

Nos. 14 anJ 15 tl.eo 

'anttrd Wire continuous lengths. No. 1 

per 100 lbs. »2.00 

No. 7 1.-0 

HB PtatCI win N it. U prrlOO Ihs.. B2.BB 

No. 14 B2.I0 

Telephone equlpmcnt.Fencewlreallkinds. 




FREE CATALOG COUPON 

CHICAGO HOUSE WRECKING CO. 

35th and Iron Streets. Chicago, III. 

I ftm a render ot Ohio Farmer. Hi nd me vcuir I n ,-. 

600-paso cutulOB. absolutely free as advertised lu tills paper. 

Hams 



Post -Office Address 

If- F. D. Mo. Post -Office Box Mo. 

County State 




DOORS, 6Ccand up. 

10.000 doors and win- 
dows, which we will ctose 
out nt a saving of 404. At 
cents we can furnish 
i an ordinary door, 
>d enough for general 
rposct. 

r*e have a complete 
t of these doors and 
ndows, which wo will 



La Gripper Wrench, 60c 

Most perfect wrench manufac- 
t u n d, patented and Improved Id J 
c v. rjr way. Suitable lor rods," 
ptpi'8, nuts and fortrencral pur- 
pose! No lost motion : haa pat- 
cut clamp to move Jawa one. 
•manor • I an Inch closer toecth- 
rr than with any other wren.-h. 

10 l'i,-h »Oo each 

It Inch 70e each 



FARM and PLATFORM SCALES 

3 ton Steel Wagon Scale with 
sail ft. platform. CZ2.7S; other 
wagon scales up 
to tV».Wj 400 la. 
■rapert:? rortablcrr^^ 
Platform Scales. ^. > 
guaranteed. gS 




Brand new Counter Platform 
Scales, weights from 01. te 
2*0 lbs.. H2.2S. Brand New 
family Bea'ce, weighs from 
1 ot. to 24 lbs., ftftc. 



Wrought Iron Bolts, per lb. 4c 

-i\ [m u i -< 

Bought at manufacturer* aale, 10 rar loads 
al high grade carriar* and machine bolta. 
mlard all kinds together, excellent assert, 
ment. strictly first class. In lots of log Ihs.. 
per lb.. 4e. Also rarriagr aad marhlae 
bolts; wood irrrwi 1 Oc p«*r lb. 



OUR NEW 50O-PACE CATALOG NO. 



29 FREE 



THIS WONDFRFt'I. BARGAIN BOOK is just out and ready to be sent to voti at once.'It is a hoot such as every 
shrewd buyer must have. 5<» page* with thousands of items of the very best merchandise and supplies bought by a* 
at Sheriffs' and Receivers' Sales. It will pay you to keep it handy. Its pages contain a full record of what we mtiU 
have on hand from the wonderful St. Louis World's Fair. Mrrchandi>c. machinery and supplies, articles for every- 
one. You w ill find it utrlul in the home, in the fi< Id. in the workshop or in the office. Write us today. 

Cot out this ' "Ad" mark a croii on thote itemt that most interest you and we will send von'much valuable 
Info rmatio n Alto All in Free Catalog coupon attached and our new catalog will be tent you absolutely free 
and prepaid, if you do not want to cut out the "Ad" send us your name and address correctlv. tell ut where yew 
have teen this "Ad" also tell us just what items in our "Ad" interest you most. Address 

Chicago House Wrecking Co., IronSts. Chicago 




Volume CXIII, «o. 3. 
Whole Number 7356 



CLEVELAND, OHIO, SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1908. 



Price 5 Cents. 
75 Cents a Year. 



special Article p er manent Pasture 



A PARTY of people of a certain lo- 
cality once visited a great ex- 
position, each member of the 
party agreeing that upon their 
return they would state what 
appealed to them as the 
most beautiful scene on 
the grounds.There were 
immense buildings upon 
these grounds, beautiful 
flower gardens, drive- 
ways, and electrical dis- 
plays, but strange to 
say, when the reports 
were rendered, the con- 
sensus of opinions fa- 
vored a beautiful green 
bluegrass campus. One 
can hardly imagine a 
more beautiful sight 
than a field of green 
bluegrass in which are 
found grazing herds of 
high-class live stock. To 
a man buying a farm, 
who is not a judge of 
land, there is no better 
guide than the natural 
growth of bluegrass, be- 
cause where this grass 
grows luxuriantly all 
other crops will grow. 
Land dealers or real es- 
tate men are learning 
that when a farm is cov- 
ered with this grass 
buyers are easily found 
and sales readily made. 

Bluegrass is one of 
the best . crops with 
which to maintain the 
fertility of land, the 
main reason fcr which 
is that it can not well 
be sold except in the 
form of beef, pork o 
mutton, which is not the 
case with grain and 
hay. When hill and 
rolling lands are culti- 
vated the washing away 
of the surface soil is us- 
ually tne heaviest drain 
upon the fertility, and 
nothing worse can hap- 
pen to such soils. Blue- 
grass sods prevent this 
washing and after very 
heavy rains the water 
can be seen running 
from hillsides perfectly 
clear. When allowed to 
grow as it should, this 
grass will mulch the 
soil, keeping it dark, 
cool and moist, all of 
which are beneficial to 
the soil-enriching bac- 
teria. By keeping the 
soil filled with living 
roots and rootlets blue- 
grass allows no plant 
food to be lost. 

Farmers everywhere 
are complaining of the 
scarcity of satisfactory 
farm labor, and well may 
they complain; but by 
devoting a part of the 
farm to permanent pas- 
ture, and grazing live 
stock, more can be ac- 
complished in the way 
of labor-saving than in 
any other manner. Per- 
manent pastures do 
away with the need of so much high- 
priced labor, farm teams, plowing, har- 
vesting, threshing, machinery, etc. 
The grazing season can be lengthened 
and the feeding period shortened. 



The stock feeder may succeed with- 
out permanent pasture but the stock 
breeder can not,' for right at the foun- 
dation of successul stock breeding is 
good permanent pasture. Choice blue- 



any other kind of feeding, and daily 
gains of 2, 3 and even more pounds 
have been secured on steers during 
the grazing season. Where winter 
feeding of cattle is practiced, two 




BEEF STEERS ON BLUEGRASS PASTURE — IOWA AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 




DAIRY HERD ON BLUEGRASS PASTURE— IOWA AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 



grass produces a high quality of bone 
and a highly flavored flesh. Carefully 
conducted experiments show that 
cheaper gains by far can be obtained 
from permanent pastures than from 



pounds per day gain is considered 
good, as a rule, and at the present price 
of feed will cost from 8 to 10 cents 
per pound and ordinarily a higher fin- 
ish and a better price will be secured 



from the pasture, than from the win- 
ter-fed stock. Producing pork or baby 
beef profitably without pasture of soma 
kind is next to impossible. As a satis- 
factory feed for all live stock blu^ 
grass has few equals, be- 
ing highly nutritious, 
well-balanced, palatable, 
succulent, easily digest- 
ed and assimilated, all 
of which are necessary 
in the successful feel- 
ing of live stock. 

Soils sufficiently fer- 
tile to produce good 
general crops are suita- 
ble for permanent pas- 
ture. Brome grass and 
orchard grass are adapt- 
ed to soils generally, 
while Kentucky blue- 
grass is more particular 
as to the kind of soil.rij- 
quiring considerable 
lime and phosphorus if 
pasture of tne best qual- 
ity is to be produce-!. 
To secure a good heavy 
bluegrass sod on lan Is 
that have been plow.:-! 
frequently requires con- 
siderable time and one 
reason why there are 
not more of them is that 
farmers are too impa- 
tient and not willing to 
give the crop sufficient 
time to become estab- 
lished. On good soils, 
where this grass grtiws 
well naturally, all that 
is necessary to secure a 
good sod is to seed to 
grass, timothy and clo- 
ver with wheat, mow a 
few seasons and blue- 
grass soon covers the 
ground, crowding o.:t 
all other grasses and al- 
most all weeds. 

Where new ground is 
wanted for permanent 
pasture, after burning 
off the trash a seed bed 
should be prepaicl 
without plowing if pos- 
sible, and about the la: t 
of August sow a peck 
of timothy and a bushel 
of Kentucky bluegrass 
per acre. The following 
spring add three quarts 
each of alsike and me- 
dium Ted clover per 
acre. Red top is also 
usually recommended to 
be used but there is 
some danger of its form- 
ing a sod too dense for 
the rapid establishment 
of the bluegrass. The 
reason for using other 
grasses in connection 
with the seeding of 
bluegrass is because 
they are of quicker 
growth and give return; 
from the land while the 
bluegrass, which comes 
more slowly, is becom-. 
ing established. About 
eight years will be re- 
quired on ordinary lime- 
stone clay soils for this 
grass to become well es- 
tablished. 
Transplanting sma'.l 
blocks of bluegrass sod to lands where 
a permanent pasture is wanted ha=i 
proved beneficial and a large load of 
such sod applied to each acre af:er 
seeding will always pay for the time 



2—54 



THE OHIO r ARMER. 



Jan. 18, 1908. 



required, because bluegrass spreads 
from an under-ground stem and blocks 
of sod a foot or less square applied 
every few feet will greatly hasten the 
establishment of a good sod. It should 
be kept in mind that this grass is not 
a poor-land crop and all such lands 
must be improved before good sods 
can be secured. 

The one thing that has caused 
more failures than anything else 
in establishing this grass is the 
difficulty in securing good seed. When 
the seed is first "stripped'.' it is some- 
times placed on barn floors to such a 
depth that it heats and its germina- 
tion is thereby injured; and again, the 
seed in states of lax laws is badly 
adulterated, Canada bluegrass seed be- 
ing the chief adulterant. This seed 
costs only about half as much 
as the Kentucky seed and the 
difference in appearance is slight. 
The color of the Canada seed is 
somewhat lighter than the Kentucky 
seed and the fact that there is from 
G00.000 to 700,000 pounds imported in- 
to the United States each year which 
is used chiefly for mixing with Ken- 
tucky bluegrass seed accounts for 
many of the reported failures to get 
satisfactory results from sowing so- 
called Kentucky bluegrass seed. 

The accompanying table from the 
National Department of Agriculture 
shows to what an extent Kentucky 
hluegrass seed sold on the open mar- 
ket is sometimes adulterated. There is 
an increasing demand for genuine 
seed and those having it for sale 
should advertise. 

ANALYSES OF SAMPLES OF SEED SOLD AS 
KENTUCKY BLUEGRASS. 

L 2. 3. 

Chaff, dirt, sticks, 

etc 22.9£ 2Y.2<* 21.4# 

Pure Kentucky 
bluegrass ...... 51.1;< HO'.S* 1.7* 

Adulterants, Can- 
ada bluegrass, 

etc 26. £ ■">..;', 76.9* 

Price paid for 

100 lb % 6.75 $ 50 $ 6.50 

Actual cost of 100 
lb. of the pure 
Kentucky blue- 
grass 13.21 27.60 382.35 

The plow has been an.- is at the 
present time the worst enemy of blue- 
grass. On account of constant plowing 
and continuous cropping in many sec- 
tions bluegrass fields are practically a 
thing of the past. Close pasturing is 
another hindrance and should be 
guarded against where permanent 
sods are wanted. Farmers and stock- 
men are beginning to realize that it 
pays to take care of the pasture and in 
addition to less plowing and more care- 
tful grazing find that the sods are 
greatly benefited by a light application 
of stable manure, by the application of 
phosphorus in some form, by apply- 
ing lime, and by feeding grain to the 
animals while on the grass. Cows giv- 
ing milk and young animals in the 
.formation of bone and nerve tissues 
gradually absorb the phosphorus from 
the soil and for this reason highly 
beneficial results have been obtained 
by applying acid phosphate to blue- 
grass growing upon clay soils. Stock- 
men of the old country take great 
pains to fertilize and care for their 
permanent pastures and have made it 
pay. The American farmer should do 
likewise. 

Because Kentucky bluegrass is so 
generally used as a permanent pasture 
one is likely not to give due consider- 
ation to other varieties used for the 
same purpose. In circular No. 18, Uni- 
ted States Department of Agriculture, 
attention is called to the universal sat- 
isfaction secured from smooth brome- 
grass (Brcnnus inermis) as a perma- 
nent pasture and any one wanting to 
establish a permanent pasture should 
give this grass careful consideration. 

Joe Wing says: "I consider broine- 
grass better in every way than any 
other pasture grass I have ever seen 
tried in this (his) part of Ohio. It 
makes more feed than bluegrass, ani- 
mals relish it far better, and it is ear- 
lier in the spring." 

Orchard grass Is frequently used as 
permanent pasture and I am told that 
near Shelbyville, Kentucky, right in 
the finest bluegrass section, dairymen 
are plowing up the Kentucky blue- 
grass and sowing orchard grass for 
cow pasture. Orchard grass comes 
early in the spring and comes near to 
being a year-round pasture when 
properly managed. On sandy soils it 
thrives far better than bluegrass. 



Where milk-production is desired, 
Kentucky bluegrass sometimes be- 
comes too dry for best results, succu- 
lence being highly important for a sat- 
isfactory flow of milk, and the fact 
that orchard grass is more succulent 
in dry weather, may account for the 
substitution. Dairymen who have 
tried both kinds of grass as pasture^ 
for dairy. cows, should report results. 

The kind of land to be devoted to 
permanent pastures will depend upon 
location, markets, etc. The market 
gardener or truck grower near a good 
market, would not think of devoting 
an acre of land to permanent pasture. 
People and horses in our great cities 
must be fed, and the general farmer 
away from market is the one to devote 
more land to permanent pasture, and 
the question is often asked how high- 
priced land can we afford to devote to 
this purpose. That will depend large- 
ly upon the kind of live stock to be 
produced. In Prance I am told there is 
land worth $800 per acre in perma- 
nent pasture and making good profits; 
but it should be remembered that only 
live stock of the highest class can be 
kept on such land as this. The kind 
of live stock to be kept will have much 
to do with the question how high- 
priced lands can profitably be devoted 
to permanent pastures in this country. 
In speaking of pasture lands, Prof. 
Curtis of Iowa, says: 

"I do not think there is any farm 
land in America too good or too high- 
priced to produce good grass. On the 
contrary, I believe that as our lands 
increase in value and labor and 
feed-stuffs advance in price, we 
shall be compelled, as a matter of 
farm economy, to keep a larger por- 
tion of our best farms in grass in- 
stead of a smaller portion. In foreign 
countries it is not uncommon to find 
land worth from $300 to $500 an acre 
producing grass and some of the best 
land is maintained in permanent pas- 
ture and has not been turned by a 
plow for centuries." 

As to the returns in pounds of beef, 
mutton or pork from an acre of pas- 
ture nothing very definite has so far 
been obtained. I have seen fields where 
one export steer was being pastured to 
the acre and gained 400 pounds during 
the grazing season. This at 5 cents per 
pound would amount to $20, a wonder- 
ful profit. I have heard of pastures 
that have produced 500 pounds of beef 
to the acre in one season, or 500 to 600 
pounds of mutton. Of course these are 
exceptional cases but they show what 
can be done. I hope our experiment 
stations will show us just what an 
acre of permanent pasture will do and 
what variety of grass is best. It is 
greatly to be hoped that farmers and 
stockmen generally will give more at- 
tention to this matter of permanent 
pastures in the future and see wheth- 
er or not more of our fields should not 
be devoted to this purpose. 



TROUBLESOME JOHNSON GRASS. 



This section has never had a pest 
that has proved more troublesome or 
annoying than Johnson grass, and I 
might safely add that we have never 
had or never expect to have a pest 
that will prove more pilfering or as 
near worthless. Yet, in spite of this, 
some men seem to sit back with an 
easy conscience and write flattering ar- 
ticles praising Johnson grass, thus 
alluring and misleading brother 
farmers until they give the grass a 
trial. 

A farmer in our section never hoard 
of Johnson grass until he read a flat- 
tering and no doubt a greatly misrep- 
resented article that had no end of 
praise for the grass. With this article 
as his guide post this farmer gave 
Johnson gra.<s a trial, giving several 
acres of his best land for the trial 
test. This was done against the ad- 
vice of some of his neighbors who had 
seen some disastrous experiments witb 
it. Our neighbor seemed elated with 
his now crop the first year. He secured 
the finest looking lot of hay that I ever 
saw, and an enormous amount of it 
from the amount of land. When he br>- 
gan to feed it his trouble began. His 
stock soon refused to eat it and it was 
too coarse for good bedding. 

Finding that it was not fit for hay 
our friend decided that be would let 
Johnson grass go and sow his surplus 
land to cow peas and clover. But when 
he broke the land the next spring 
Johnson grass came so thick tha< he 



almost lost his crop. He finally aban- 
doned this field for cultivation and at- 
tempted to destroy the grass by pas- 
turing. This method seemed success- 
ful as the grass soon quit coming above 
the surface. So again the land was 
broken and planted to corn. But to his 
surprise the seemingly dead Johnson 
grass came again to life and took pos- 
session of his field. 

Again the land was given to pastur- 
age but proved very poor, as the grass 
soon ceased to grow above the surface 
when pastured. Not only has this field 
been rendered worthless by t is pilfer- 
ing pest, but other farmers whose land 
lay adjoining have suffered consider- 1 
able loss also. The wind, birds and 
rain have carried the seed to these ad- ! 
joining farms until they are badly in- 
fested and it is only a matter of time 
until they will be made worthless, j 
Where one neighbor scattered the 
barnyard manure he got a complete 
stand of Johnson grass. Some of this 
manure which had laid about the sta- 
bles for several years *fras given to a 
farmer who thought there could be no 
possible danger of getting the grass 
by using the manure. But to his sur- i 
prise he also got Johnson grass and j 
plenty of it. 

I recently passed thru a farm that ! 
lies four or five miles from the farm 
where the grass was started. Here I 
also found the grass badly scattered. ! 
It got to this farm by the overflooding j 
of a ditch that received water from 
the farm first infested. It is scattered 
more or less over all this section and 
has caused no little loss in money and 
a large amount of hard work and no 
doubt a liberal amount of cussing, all 
brought about by some Mr. Know-all's 
article giving the pest a large amount 
of undue praise. Take my advice and 
let Johnson grass alone. It is unlawful 
for any man to bring the seed into 
this county and I trust the time will 
come that the man who ships it into 
any county will be subject to a heavy 
fine. — W. C. Crook, Henderson Co., 
Tenn. 



IS SPROUTED CLOVER SEED EVER 
KILLED BY FREEZING? 

I am always interested in the arti- 
cles written for the Ohio Farmer by 
Prof. W. F. Massey. In the issue of 
Dec. 28 there appears this statement 
in an article headed, "Farming for 
Clover:" "In all my farming experi- 
ence I never failed with a crop of clo- 
ver but once, and that was killed by 
frost as it germinated." I want to ask 
Prof. Massey — thru the columns of the 
Ohio Farmer — at what particular stage 
of germination the life of the plant is 
endangered by freezing. I have been 
told by practical farmers of wide ex- 
perience, that if hard freezing weath- 
er follows close on the sprouting, be- 
fore the root has time to strike into 
the ground, the vitality of the seed will 
surely be destroyed. 

I have followed sowing clover seed 
early for forty years and have never 
yet lost a crop from freezing. It 
may be that the freezing that has of- 
ten followed the sprouting and growth 
has missed the vital stage. Last spring 
I sowed March IS. It came up directly 
and had the first two leaves well devel- 
oped when the hardest kind of freez- 
ing weather followed, lasting all thru 
April. The mercury stood at 16 degs. 
above on the morning of April 1. One 
of my neighbors reported my seed 
killed. A good many were frightened 
and resowed. They had no better seed- 
ing than those who lot it alone. Every- 
body secured a fine stand, whether 
sowed early or late. I seldom have 
had as good a catch and never better. 
I want to suggest as the topic of a 
timely article from Prof. Massey. "The 
Best Time to Sow Clover Seed. — E. P. 
Snyder, Huron Co., O. 



For >he land's sake — use Bowker's 
Fertilizers. They enrich the earth. 



Request for Snort.— The School of Agrl- 
CUlture of the P"nn«vl\ ania State College 
wishes to s.'rure Med of all the princi- 
pal Varieties of corn, oats and wheat 
frrown In the state of Pennsylvania and 
the adjacent Counties of New York and 
Ohio with a view to their Improvement. 
It is requested that any farmer having a 
Rood pure seed to so;ire of any of these 
crops 'will send a postal card to John W. 
Oilmore. Department of Ac-onomv. State 
College. Pa., stating the kinds of crops, 
the varieties and the price ef ten pounds 
Of seed. 



$4.00 to $8.00 
Per Acre 

That's What a Good Spreader 
Will Do if Used as it Should Be 

Write Us And 
Let Us Tell You 
How. 




: 'r' J 



There Are Several Kinds of 
Spreaders 

All The Best ? 

No Spreader is best, or even cood, unless 

St has :— 

An Oak Pol? — not pine 

Oak Sills au<l frame — not pine cr maple 

Wrought Iron Truss and Stay-rods to 

keep the frame square 
Hickory Double trees— not rock elm 
Malleable FHh Wheel— not cast iron 
Double Oak Bolsters 
Wide Front A xle so wheels will track 
Front Axle set under the front end of 
the body so the load is equally bal- 
anced on front and rear axles 
Oear Wheels and Sprockets keyed on 
— not pinned on or fastened with 
set-screw only 
Heavy Wheels with his spokes— not 
light wheels with IK or2-in. spokes 
An Endless Apron— not a half apron 
A Hood and bnd Gate to keep the 
manure away from the beater while 
loading 

The Great Western Endless Apron Spreads. 

has all of the above good features. 

It Is Made for the Man 
Who Wants the Best. 

There is no other "just as pood" or nearly 
as good. Ask your dealer about the 

Great Western 

Don't let him sell you a substitute, 

that he says " is just as good." 
The Great Western will cost you just; a little 
more than any other, but for ever' dollar 
extra that it costs, you will pet $3.00'more in 
value. The difference in cost will be more 
than made up in repairs alone in a short time. 
Besides this, you will always have a machine 
that will be ready to do business. It won't be 
laid up for repairs just at the time that you 
want to use it 

We issue a book that will tell you when, how 

and where to spread manure ; how to mttke 
from §4.00 to SS.00 more per acre from your 
farm than ever before. Write just these- 
word3 on a postal card or In a letter. "Send 
me your book. Practical Experience with 
Barnyard Manures, and catalog No. 258." 
They will be mailed to you Free. Do it now 
before you haul your manure or prepare for 
another crop 

SMITH MANUFACTURING CO., 

158 Harrison St., CHICAGO, ILL 



WHAT DO YOU SAY? 



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Jan. 18, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



3 — r>.j 



HORTICULTURE 



CATALPA TREES. 



(Answer to query by C. E. A., Her- 
kimer Co., N. Y.) 

There is something wrong if ywur 
trees have not made a gro- 'h of over 
eight inches the past season. I fear the 
soil where your trees are planted is 
not adapted to the growth of catalpas 
which require a very fertile soil for 
best results, and should be fairly well 
drained. I find for a thin soil the lo- 
cust does much better and it will do 
well in your latitude. It is true it is 
subject to its enemies the borers, but 
if it. is kept growing thrifty, it will 
succeed very well and make splendid 
posts. The post question is getting 
to be a very important problem to solve 
to us who keep our farms fenced for 
live stock. 

We have locust trees, planted three 
years ago last May, that were one year 
old when planted — mere whips — that 
are now, with four seasons' growth, 
ten inches in circumference and they 
did not have the care they should have 
had. While I would not plant locusts 
exclusively I believe there are a great 
many things in their favor, and we will 
set out another thousand next spring. 
I think every farmer should devote a 
portion of his farm to the growth of 
post timber and very much regret that 
I did not come to that conclusion 30 
years ago, as it would have proven a 
very profitable investment. We recent- 
ly purchased 500 pos.ts, at a cost of 
$lfi5, but they were red cedar from the 
vicinity of Murfreesboro, Tenn., and 
ought to have some good, lasting qual- 
ities. — Walter S. Tomlinson, Defiance 
Co., O. 



JAPANESE PLUMS. 

Those who are making a business of 
plum culture are aware that the Jap- 
anese plum boom has lost its force. 
Comparatively few of this class are now 
being planted, and yet the real facts 
concerning them are not generally 
known. 

Ten or fifteen years ago several va- 
rieties of this class were highly ex- 
tolled and every one seemed to be try- 
ing to say all of the good things about 
them that he could. Much of the praise 
came from those who had trees to sell, 
but there were disinterested parties 
who spoke very confidently of the mer- 
its of Burbank, Abundance, Ogon and 
other varieties. I confess that for a 
time I was somewhat enamored with 
the prolificacy and precocity of some 
varieties and also shared the hope of 
several horticulturists that as parent 
stock the species might serve a useful 
purpose. My delusion did not carry me 
very far, however, nor did it last 
long. As soon as the fact became appar- 
ent that the Japanese sorts possessed 
no virtues not found in the European 
varieties I undertook to stem the tide 
which seemed to be all against our old 
and tried varieties of the domestic 
class. My efforts appeared to do no 
good and the imaginary virtues of the 
Jap continued to be sung. What force 
kept the tide running one way for so 
long a time has always been a mystery 
to me. When it did turn there were 
but few who admitted their mistake. 
The talk stopped and that "as all 
there was of it. 

Nearly all varieties of Japanese 
plums are lacking in hardiness and if 
the blossom buds escape the winter 
they open very early in the spring and 
are often caught by frost. The trees 
bear early and freely even to a fault, 
and the fruit is very prone to. rot. Of 
most varieties the quality is inferior 
and there are none that approach the 
standard of excellence of the best Eu- 
ropean sorts. What good traits have 
the Japanese sorts that are not found 
in our old well-known varieties? I 
have often asked this question but 
never got an answer. If every one 
knew of these facts it would not l"9 
worth while at this late day to men- 
tion them, but that class of fruit tree 
buyers who are so easily victimized 
by the wily tree agent are not fully in- 
formed. There is not enough in plum 
culture at best to warrant the taking 
of unnecessary risks, hence one should 
select none but the most reliable varie- 
ties. 

Some years ago there was quite a 
craze for the native plums, and, on the 



whole they are superior to the Japan- 
ese class, principally because they are 
quite sure to give a crop. Most of 
them, however, are lacking in quality. 
Those which belong to the American 
class are hardiest and of the best qual- 
ity, in fact some of these varieties are 
unsurpasied for eating raw, but cook, 
ing develops in them acidity and as- 
tringency. 

The lesson to be learned from our 
experience with Japanese plums is the 
same that we had with Russian apples 
and Chinese pears. We may go far for 
new fruits and not fare as well as tho 
we were to spend our time in develop- 
ing something superior from the va- 
rieties which we already have. — W. J. 
Green, Ohio Experiment Station. 



HOW TO MAKE A PRIVET HEDGE. 



Where it is desired to construct a 
formal, neat-looking hedge, to be kept in 
condition by shearing or clipping, it is 
doubtful whether any plant is superior 
to a good kind of privet. The old-fash- 
ioned box, or boxwood, which has long 
been a favorite for this purpose and 
was employed with telling effect as a 
border plant in colonial gardens, is of 
slow growth and doubtful hardiness. 
In some of the privets we have dark, 
glossy, rich-looking foliage, hardiness, 
tractability and a bushy habit of 
growth which render them unrivalled 
for such purposes. 

In making a hedge, use plants one 
or two years old and set them twelve 
to fifteen inches apart in ordinary soil, 
increasing the distance to eighteen 
inches if the earth be rich, and keep 
them well hoed the first summer. The 
next spring cut the plants back to the 
ground, which will induce a low, thick 
growth. If the plants have become 
well established and grow freely, they 
may be clipped jmce when about a foot 
high. By the third spring the plants 
should have formed a dense, shrubby 
base and can be shorn into any form 
the taste or fancy of the grower may 
suggest. The conical or triangular-sec- 
tion shape is probably the best, altho 
the hedge with perpendicular sides and 
flat top has many admirers. When the 
latter style is employed decay in the 
interior of hedge is more apt to result, 
owing to the exclusion of light. After 
a growth of six to eight inches has 
been made it should be cut back one- 
half, and the process may be repeated 
two or three times in a season. Shear- 
ing should always be discontinued by 
August first to let the new growth ma- 
ture before winter. After the desired 
hight has been attained, leave only 
one-half inch of wood at each clip- 
ping. Altho a carefully shorn hedge is 
neat-looking, to the nature lover it ap- 
pears less beautiful than if numerous 
small sprays of the green had been left 
uncut and permitted to decorate the 
smoothly-trimmed surfaces. This 
statement applies only to trimmings 
made thru the summer. The hedge 
should always be shorn smooth in 
spring. 

It is surprising that a plant so defi- 
cient in hardiness as is the California 
privet should have been widely dissem- 
inated, while a variety in every way its 
equal, with a better habit of growth 
and the additional merit of undoubted 
hardiness — the Amoor privet — should 
remain comparatively unknown. By 
some this is also called the Ibota pri- 
vetbut they are quite similar.there be- 
ing at most but a slight varietal differ- 
ence. The Amoor privet branches free- 
ly near the ground, differing decidedly 
in tjiat regard from the California 
privet, which naturally grows erect 
and tall. It has good foliage, retained 
till very late in the fall, and has been 
known to withstand a temperature of 
twenty degrees below zero. On the 
grounds of the Experiment Station 
plants of California privet grown for 
five or six years have killed to the 
ground every winter, while the Amoor 
privet, grown for a shorter period, has 
gone thru the last two winters without 
an inch of wood being injured. At pres- 
ent there is considerable confusion in 
the nomenclature of the privets, but 
when the true Amoor privet can be se- 
cured it should certainly supersede the 
less hardy species.— W. Emerson Bon- 
trager, Ohio Experiment Station. 




The costliest materials form only about one-third of a 
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The best paint is that mixed from Pure White Lead and Pure Linseed i 
with the particular needs of your building, wagon or implement in view. 
There is a simple test which anyone can make. 

White Lead is made from metallic lead and can be changed back to that 
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or other counterfeits, mixed with the White Lead, prevent the appearance 
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the sample yields drops of lead, it is pure; if not, it is adulterated. 

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in whichever of the following cities is nearest you : 
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(National 





Ope rlARDiE Automatic Power Sprayer 




PRICES 163— WEIGHT 660 Lbs 



All objections as to cost and weight over- 
come, powerful engine, 150 gallon cypress 
tank, all brass pump which will supply 
two lines of hose and from six to eight 
nozzles, so simple in its construction that 
a boy can operate it and so completely 
automatic that there is 

Nothing to Watch but the Spray 



We also make a complete line 
pumps for bucket, barrel or tank 
Hardie" Is strictly a high 
pressure pump and Is 



of hand 
The 



J noted for its simple construction, Its strength and durability and 

£ because They Work So Easy 

I The man who sprays gets the fruit. Gel in the game. Our 
» catalog tells how. 

L 



THE HARDIE MFG. CO., 




Improving All the Time.— The Ohio 
Farmer was a good paper, but it is im- 
proving all the time. It keeps right up 
to the top notch. I admire vour stand on 
all great questions. — J. t. Campbell 
Hartstown, Pa. 




OUR SEEDS, PLANTS, 

Roses, Bulbs, Vines, Shrubs, 

FRUIT AND OKN OMEN- 
TAL TREES have been tho 
standard of excellence for over 
half a century. The best are 
always most satisfactory in re- 
* suits. Wo mail postpaid. 
Seeds, Roses, Plants, Bulbs, 
Vines, t'tc, and guarantee 
safe arrival and satisfaction 
. —larger by express or freight. 
GO choice collections cheap in 
Seeds, Plant**, Rosea, etc. 
Elecrant 1 <>8-pajreC'ata1nfriio 
FREE. Send for it today and 
see what values *6J?ive for a 
ittle monev. 54 years. 44 greenhouses. 1200 ac es. 

THE STORRS & HARRISON CO. 

Box 149, PAINESVILLE. OHIO. 

Defender 
Sprayer 

All brass, easiest work- 
ing, most powerful, auto- 
matic mixer, expansion 
valves, double strainer. 
Catalogue of Pumps and 
Treatise on Spraying free. 
Agents Wanted. 
F. Gaylord, Box 70 CatskiU, N. T. 



Sow Your Glover and Timothy 





Nurseries Pay Cash Weekly 

and Want More Salesmen Every- 
where. Best Contract, Best Outfit, 
Largest Nurseries—with an 82- Year Record. 
STARK BRO'S, LOUISIANA. MO. 




Booklet on CATALPA TREES 

Let me tei you about the 15U acres 
I am growing for Telephone Poles. 
This wood takes the place of Ash aud Hickory for Car- 
riage-makers' uses. Beats farming Two to One. 
H. C. KOGEKS, Box 4, Meclianicsburg, Ohio 



With MICHIGAN Wheelbarrow Seeder 



It's made right and sows right. Over 30 years in 
the field. Send for circular. 

The SEEDER MFG. CO., Box A, Homer, Mich 

ALFALFA 

Choice, selected and tested American Grown. 
New Crop Seeds. Let as shorn jron sample and 
' quote present price on quantity needed. For a num- 
I ber of years the price at this season has been less 
than in the spring. We believe It will pay farmer* 
to invest in this seed now before spring* demand 
causes prices to advance. Ask for I a rife seed catalog. 
LIVINGSTON SEED CO., Box 1G0. Columbus, O. 

PEACH TREES % 

Trees. Free catalog. Freight Prepaid. Ag»'ni» 
wanted. Mitchell's Nursery, Beverly. Ohio. 

60 Varieties of Strawberry Plants 

$2 per 1000 and up. Send postal card for 190* catalog. 3 new 
dlants to the 6nt 100 inqnirers H W m Mi V, laPorte, Ind. 

FRUIT TREES ^S^S? $5 per 100 

Catalog; Free. Reliance Nursy., Box P, Qenava, N. T. 

BEST SEED POTATOES,, ;;!:.. 
A G. ALDRIDGE, Fisher's. Ontario Co.. N I 

-We pay highest cash prices for them. 
25 years in the business. We charge 
no commission and pay express 
charges. Send for price list. 

Belt, Butler Co., 140 Greere St., New York 



Raw Furs 



4—56 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 18, 1908. 



fLIVE STOCK 1 

DEVON CATTLE AS A FACTOR IN 
THE BEEF & DAIRY INTERESTS. 



No system of agriculture which robs 
the soil of its fertility can be perma- 
nently a successful one. A mixed 
system of pasturage and tillage is nec- 
essary to produce the best results. The 
growing of cattle is one way of im- 
proving the soil, and it is important 
to know what kind of cattle we should 
breed. There are cattle and cattle, 
and among the various breeds the 
Devon is inferior to none for the pur- 
poses under consideration, combining 
as they do, beef, milk and butter-pro- 
ducing qualities with hardiness, activ- 
ity and good temper. Devon cattle are 
not merely a breed produced by care- 
ful selection and breeding for a num- 
ber of years, but a race of cattle which, 
with most of its distinctive features, 
has been known in Britain since the 
conquest of the country by Julius 
'Cassar nearly two thousand years ago. 
This race has for the past two hun- 
dred years been carefully bred and all 
of the care taken to improve it which 
has marked the improvement of other 
breeds of cattle. 

The types produced by this long 
course of careful breeding have be- 
come fixed and have rendered the 
Devon wonderfully prepotent, stamp- 
ing his distinctive features upon his 
progeny and making him of great val- 
ue to cross upon any breed of cattle 
where a well-formed and hardy ani- 
mal is wanted. The Devons are very 
hardy and withstand not only changes 
of climate, but will live and prosper 
on short feed and scanty pastures, yet 
with good feed and care will show as 
good results as any other breed. They 
have wonderful longevity and fecun- 
dity. It is not unusual, in looking 
over the Herd Book, to find cows breed- 
ing until they are from 18 to 20 years 
old and credited with from 14 to 16 
1 calves. Professor Win. Brown of the 
Agricultural Experiment Station of 
Canada, in his report on the various 
breeds, says of the Devon: "The re- 
markable feature of the Devon with 
us has been a uniform conduct. No 
coming and going but an even run of 
breeding, health and good doing, un- 
der all conditions. Summer and win- 
ter the Devon is equally at home, 
plump on pasture and, in good heart in 
ihc stall without grain. They have been 
particularly good mothers, nursing 
their calves in a manner superior to 
anything in our experience. The Dev- 
on calf is always a full calf on its milk 
alone, rolling in fat, and with all the 
build of an old 'animal. The particular 
character of the breed/ and the rich 
milk, give these results. After wean- 
ing and on up to heiferhood breeding, 
there is a distinct heartiness and vig- 
or. The Devon cow is a milker, rich 
in quality and moderate in quantity, 
while the bull gives a frame to the 
steer that compares well with other 
breeds for beef carrying." 

This statement being that of an un- 
prejudiced and careful observer, is 
certainly highly complimentary to the 
beautiful red cattle, and would be cor- 
roborated by all breeders of Devons. 

As a beef breed the only objection 
urged against them is size. They are 
spoken of as the "Little Devons." The 
forcing process may cause some of the 
more bulky breeds to outstrip them in 
weight but for each bushel of grain fed, 
and each acre of grass.there is no breed 
that will make more pounds of beef. 
Bulls have tipped the beam at 630 11). 
at eight months old, as Barrister did, 
and at 4 years old he weighed 2,275 lb. 
(and by the way, this bull was bred 
by an Ohio breeder). Felix 2d at two 
years old weighed 1,530 lb. Duke of 
Homden weighed 2,030 lb. at three 
years old. Cows also show good 
weight. At Ohio state fair, last Sep- 
tember, there were cows shown that 
weighed from 1,150 to 1.430 lb., and 
these cows had no grain fed them all 
summer, but run on grass. In some of 
the Devon herds of the country the 
value of the breed for dairy purposes 
has been overlooked by breeders pay- 
ing more attention to them as beef- 
producers, but in many other herds, 
particularly in the dairy districts of 
New York, Pennsylvania anil New 
England, much attention has been giv- 
en to their dairy qualities. It would 
be useless to enumerate the Cows 
which have nroduced from 14 to 20 



lb. of butter per week, giving from 20' 
to 22 quarts of milk per day, althol 
many authenticated cases are on rec- 
ord, not for a single week only, but 
for a long period. The cow, "Gem," pro- 
duced 215 lb. of butter in 95 days — 
more than 2% lb. per day. " Beauty" 
produced 16 lb. per week when she was i 
fourteen years old — an age at which 
most of the cows of the butter breeds, 
so-called, have passed to that country 
where churn dashers are unknown. 

Devons are active, vigorous, hardy, ! 
of robust constitution, suitable to all 
climates, sure breeders and good moth- j 
ers. Whoever saw a nurse cow help 
feo raise a Devon cow's calf? At the 
Ohio state fair, last September, the 
fine calves shown had nurse cows to ) 
help their dams raise them. No j 
wonder they grow so large. Devon 1 
cows can always- produce milk suffi- 
cient to make fine calves. Devons are 
easily reared, will stand exposure and 
neglect, and yet respond promptly to, 
and pay well for care and good feed- 
ing. In the dairy they will, under sim- I 
ilar conditions, show as good results 
as to quality and quantity of product 
as any other breed of cattle. In short, 
as general purpose cattle, in the dairy 
and in the shambles, they are second to 
none.— L. P. Sissons. Ohio. 



WINTER PIGS. 



The feeding of winter pigs is looked 
upon by most farmers as a very un- 
profitable enterprise. Nearly every 
farmer believes it pays to raise winter 
calves or even lambs but when it comes 
to pigs ,for some reason or other they 
have a mark chalked up against their 
record. For the past few years I have 
arranged a part of my brood sows to 
farrow late in the fall so that I have 
several litters to feed during the win- 
ter preparatory for fattening in the 
spring. This season I have on feed 
nearly forty pigs about eight weeks of 
age. These pigs were farrowed during 
the month of October. They were al- 
lowed to run with the sows until sev- 
en weeks of age and then weaned. 

I find that winter pigs have several 
advantages over spring litters. In the 
first place, they return a good margin 
of profit. Pigs that are farrowed dur- 
ing the fall months and economically 
wintered make excellent home growth, 
and by the time green forage can be 
produced in the spring are of suffi- 
cient size to make very rapid gains dur- 
ing the fattening period. Pigs that 
have been properly wintered ought to 
weigh by the first of May around 
275 pounds. If a good clover pasture 
is at hand to complete the finishing 
process it will be no trouble to make 
these hogs take on fat very rapidly, 
and with a small addition of grain, 
ought to be ready for the market with- 
in five or six weeks. 

Winter pigs that are handled in this 
way come to maturity at a time of 
year when very little pork is ready for 
the market, consequently commanding 
a much better price generally than can 
be obtained during the fall months. 
Last season my winter pork made me 
more money than that put upon the 
market in the fall. As a general rule, 
larmers endeavor to have their sows 
farrow during the early spring, thus 
bringing to maturity for the fall mar- 
ket a large amount of salable pork. 
The result is obvious. The market of 
course becomes overstocked and a fall- 
ing off in price results. Where only 
one litter is produced yearly this ter- 
mination results in reducing the prof- 
its from pork production. In order to 
strike good markets in live stock pro- 
duction attention must be directed to- 
ward getting stock into market condi- 
tion when the supply is at a low tide. 

The feeding of winter pigs has oth 
er advantages than meeting good mar- 
kets. During the winter months farm 
work is not pressing, consequently af- 
fording the farmer an opportunity to 
turn his attention toward the feeding 
and care of live stock. One reason ad- 
vanced against winter pigs is that i hoy 
make very little manure to return to 
the soil, thus handicapping the restor- 
ation of soil fertility by winter ma- 
nuring. In handling my winter pigs I 
use a part of a basement barn which 
is done off into pons by pannel gates. 
Each pen has a small yard for the 
pigs to exercise During the winter I 
keep the hogs well bedded with straw, 
thus absorbing the excrement and 
manufacturing a high ' grade of ma- 
nure. I find that by using plenty of 
litter I am able to make sufficient ma- 
nure from my winter hogs to cover 



Heavy Steers 

A steer receiving a small amount of 
Dr. Hess Stock Food twice a day in his 
grain will consume, digest and assim- 
ilate larger quantities of coarse fodder 
and make steady growth from start to 
finish. This is because Dr. Hess Stock 
Food acts upon the digestive organs, 
keeping them in perfect health and 
activity. 

Dr. Hess Stock Food is 
the prescription of Dr. Hess 
(M.D., D.V. S,) and con- 
tains tonics, iron and ni- 
trates necessary to 
aid digestion, make 
good blood and 
cleanse the system. 

D E HESS 
STOCK 



Is a perfect animal tonic. It causes 
rapid growth, increases milk yield and 
insures good health and condition in 
all farm animals. 

Sold on a written guarantee. 

.on ii „ «- nn 1 Except in Canada 
100 lbs. ••'•00 I anil extreme 
35 lb. pall S 1.60 j- Wes , aud South 

Smaller quantities at a slight advance. 

Where Dr. Hess Stock Food 
differsin particular 
is in the dose — it's 
small and fed but 
twice a day, which 
proves It has the most 
digestive strength to 
the pound. Our Gov- 
ernment recognizes 
Dr. Hess Stock Food as 
a medical compound 
and this paper is back 
of the guarantee. 

your dealer can't supply you, we will. 
DR. HESS & CLARK, Ashland, Ohio. 

Alio manufacturers of Dr. linns Tonltry Pan<a-ee-a and 
Instant Louse Killer. 





Warranted 

to give satisfaction. 




GOMBAULT'S 

CAUSTIC BALSAM 

A safe, speedy and 
positive cure for 

Curb, Splint, Sweeny, Capped Hock, 
Strained Tendons, Founder, Wind Puffs, 
and all lameness from Spavin, Ringbone 
and other bony tumors. Cures all skin 
diseases or Parasites, Thrush, Diphtheria. 
Removes all Bunches from Horses or 
Cattle. 

As a H I" MAX Kr.MKDT for Rheu- 
matism. Npralm, More Throat, eu>., it 
Is invaluable. 

Every bottle of rnnillr nalanm sold is 
Warranted to (rive satisfaction . Price i* 1 . .'.O 
per bottle. Sold by drumrlsts. or sent by ex- 
press, charges paid, with full directions for Its 
use. Send for descriptive circulars, testimo- 
nials, etc. Address 

THE LlWRENC.-WIUIiMS COMPANY, ClsTcUnd, Ohio. 



'SaveTheHorse'SpavinCure. 



PtC TOAOC MAP* 





Considering Results lis Cost is Inlimlesunil -Write lor 
Proofs-Compare II wiih anything you c»er used or taw. 

Cold w.ath.r noed not interfere. "Sav.-ltl.-Hor.e" can ho 
»|dlcd In any ami all eitreuiei of weather and horae worked. 



ne of tin 
a* on. * 
uylier.. 
. I. Met 
K limit 



dor f 
eolutely 

named I 
ff) f a bottle. 

$5; 



SHIRE, PERCHERON, BELGIAN, COACH & HACKNEY 

STALLIONS 

For the next 30 day* I will sell at my barn 
cheaper than any olher firm in America, quality con- 
sidered. The reason 1 can sell cheaper is be- 
c;hi-h my lather lives in Europe and lie can buy 
them for me and save all middlemen's profits. If 
you are thinkiiiK of buying a draft stallion of 
either of the above breeds, or a high-stepping 
Hackney or Coach Stallion, please write me or 
come and see my slock, aud X will surprise you 

W.' b. BULLOCK, Moundsville, W.Va. 

MINERAL 
HEAVE 
REMEDY 




YourHorse 

Send today for 
only 
PERMANENT 




St c E 
CERTAIN 



S3 PACKAGE 

will cure any case or 
money refunded. 

$1 PACKACE 

cures ordinary cases. 
Postpaid on receipt of 
price. Agents Wanted. 

Write for dcwcrlptlr* booklet. 



Mineral Heave Remedy Co.. 462 Fourth Ave., Pitt 



COUGH S H s HEAVES 



Can you afford to nee 
horses that are couphine 
and let the disease term, 
nate in broken wind 01 
heaves, when it only costi 
H^ic a day to treat a horai 
rroperly for either cuugh 0 
heaves. 

DR. W. C. FAIR'S 




New Cough and Heave Remedy 

Always relieves a congh and seldom fails to 
permanently cure heaves. 
60 doses, in coin envelopes, enough for 

30 Days' Treaimenf^$i 

DR. FAIR VETERINARY REMEDY COMPANY. 

5712-5714 Carnegie Avenue. Cleveland, Ohio. 



Mix Your Own 
Stock Food 



One 5-lb. package of my Condensed 
Stock Food, costing $2 express prepaid 
when mixed with 40 lb. linseed meal 
costing 80 cents. 30 lb. white mid- 
dlings costing 45 cents and -5 lb. wheat 
bran costing 35 cents, makes the 
best - known fattener for all firm 
animals, and gives you 100 lb. of stock 
food for $3.60. This stock food makes 
one dollars' worth of grain do the 
work of two dollars' worth in produc- 
ing health, meat and profits. Full di- 
rections on every' package. Send t- to- 
day, or write for further Information. 

DR. S. H. KENT, Stocklood Specialist. 
.No. tot v • cut. cm.. 




ABSO 



RBINE 



Cure* Strained 1'nffy Ankles 

1.) ui|ih:iiigitis. Itruior. and 
Sw filing*. Lnmrtirm Btd 

Allays PsUn «;, ; rkij without 
Itlinterln^. re;: ,. \mc the hair, or 

lu mg t he horse up. I lraxant to use. 
f: ■ t">r tattle. delivered 
illrectluni. Hook free. 

ATJSOKniVF. JR.. for man- 
kind, fl.00 Bottle. Cures Strain*. 
Oont, Varicose Veins, Varicocele, 
Hydrocele, Prostatitis, kills pa!n. 
F. Y0UN6. P D F . 60 Monmouth St . S;ringfi:ld.Msss 



JACKS 



ery da 



roaeaa not un which i-c th* Mamfah 

it ft d.dlar and no raaaonaMa pric* would 

Vptician.ftie Marttfl St.. 
I bar* a irara which had iMcuNof 
f li-np atandinf 1 cmph'yad two irteri- 
*»r>l and applied fMT remedy, and aha 
>at*p tine*, and hat t>#«n In r niUni 

-"Savalhc ll«r«e" 1 bought last lummar 
iw\nn r»i\ tn > 

t inr:# word*, hut a •ijjnM r- ntmrt ah- 
to protect purthaaar to lr**l any Caaa 




J. F. Cook&Co. Lciington.Ky. 

I Branch B»rn. Grecn.ilie. lem 



MAKEYOURHORSE 




YOUR FRIEND 



If b.'i a rood hon* h.'H 
. |f neioa* or ha* 



th written binding troarantee. Scad for copy, 
booklet and letters from bus.ncss men and trainers on 
r.cryt:n,|nf(j,r. IVrman.al ly t uros >pa<l». Tbwmck 
Jila. Rl.cb... (crct-rt low\ firk, Kpllat, Cspnl U~«, 
Wlndpnir, Shoe Il.lt, laJarM Tfadoi» a.d all laat.aM. No 
scar or loss of hair. Horse work as utual. Dealers or K» 
pros paid. Troy rk.asltsd I cm paay, Blasfcaaalaa. mm Mm 



PROF. J. 



aunt H 



Ohio. 



HORSES. PONIES and MULES ! 

Tbe kind that made Kentucky famous. 100 head. 

Vl.lt niv farm or write for wants and price.. 
J. F. BARUEK. Mlllersbnrg. Bourbon Co.. Ky 



SPAVIN CURE 



WC GUARANTEE TO 
CURB Rt. H o« or PI Od 

pai in :Rins-oone.St»lip| or 
ny oth.r .iilarir.ni.D1 of 
i pay. Adore L W. GITtt. Co . Mi.haoaka. Ind. 



STALLION SALE 

ton Ohio on Feb. 5, 190K. Ac 10. Wcieht 1150. 
for Information write TIVERTON It KE EDI NO 
ASSOCIATION. TIVERTON. OHIO. 



Jan. 18, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



5— 57 



five or six acres of land. Last winter, 
from forty hogs I wintered, I made 
enough manure to cover over six acres 
of sod land for corn. If properly han- 
dled no other stock will make more 
fertilizer of rich plant food value than 
winter hogs. 

Where winter dairying is carried on, 
winter pigs can be made a very profit- 
able adjunct to the farm live stock. We 
find that by separating the cream at 
the farm and feeding the skimmed 
milk, mixed with middlings, directly 
to the growing pigs, we have one of 
the best and most nutritive rations 
possible to compound. The farmer who 
is milking several cows and separating 
his cream by machinery certainly can 
not afford to be without a few pigs 
io consume the by-product and turn 
it into a good profit. With skim-milk 
and middlings, I am able to make bet- 
ter gain with growing pigs during the 
winter than at any other time of the 
year. 

If the most profit is to be obtained 
from winter pigs, an economical yet 
nutritive ration must be fed. Mid- 
lings and bran of course must be pur- 
chased, but with plenty of skim-milk 
at hand, can be made a very profitable 
investment. The ration should be com- 
posed, as far as possible, of farm-grown 
grains. Corn, barley, rye, spelt and 
cull-beans should comprise the larger 
portion of the grain ration. It is nec- 
essary (to secure the best gain) to feed 
some succulent food. I have never 
found anything that produced better 
results than roots. I have fed ensilage 
to winter pigs with excellent results 
and when the former can not be ob- 
tained silage can be made a good sub- 
stitute. Clover hay is a most excel- 
lent food for winter pigs and can be 
profitably fed in limited amounts. — 
Leo C. Reynolds, Shiawassee Co., Mich. 



THE USE OF LIME ON THE FARM. 



If the full value of lime in its dif- 
ferent forms was fully appreciated 
there would be more of it used on the 
farm than there is today. Many have 
the opinion that its only use is for 
whitewashing, and use it very sparing- 
ly even for that. The mechanical ef- 
fect of a good coat of whitewash is 
well worth its cost, to say nothing of 
the added appearance. 

Lime is one of the best and most re- 
liable disinfectants and deodorizers 
that we have, and at the same time, 
the cheapest. We use it in the form of 
whitewash for walls and roosts in 
chicken houses and walls of portable 
hog-houses, also the watering and 
slopping troughs for hogs. In the form 
of air-slacked lime it is one of the best 
absorbents of moisture and foul odors 
that we have found. 

If mixed with the droppings of ani- 
mals it has a tendency to liberate the 
ammonia but it can be used so as to 
cause very little waste and we can 
afford to sacrifice a little ammonia for 
the security of the health of our ani- 
mals. Sprinkle it on stable and hog- 
house floors, after cleaning out and 
before putting in new bedding; it will 
dry and sweeten. Put it on the chicken 
coop floors and in the dust bath. Put 
a small amount in the hog slop, not 
enough to make it caustic or turn it 
yellow, but just enough to sweeten it, 
and the pigs will relish it. If one 
would take the time to fix it, lime wa- 
ter would be better for last-named 
purpose, made by adding large quanti- 
ties of water to quicklime and using 
onlyjj>the clear water that rises after 
the lime settles. 

Sprinkle the powdered lime on the 
feeding floors and about the yards; it 
will not hurt anything and I believe 
it has done as much for us as any oth- 
er one thing to help to check two or 
three cases of hog cholera, within the 
last few years. Lime is one of the in- 
gredients of one of the best selling 
"hog remedies" on the market today. 

An old farmer of this state said some 
time ago that he had come to the conclu- 
sion that there is no use to lose hogs 
with cholera (we haven't gotten that 
far along yet). When asked his plan, 
he said he always kept the following 
mixture before his pigs (and it is sur- 
prising how much they will eat of it) : 
Lime 50 lb., sulfur 5 lb., sal-soda 5 
lb., black antimony 5 lb., copperas or 
sulfate of iron 5 lb. 

Use fresh quicklime, add ju?' enough 
water to slack to a fine powder, then 
add the other ingredients and mix 
thoroly. Take two parts of this mix- 
ture and one part salt, and keep it 



where they can get at it, and see howl 
quickly it is used up. — Olin A. Dob- 
bins, Ferndale Stock Farm, Greene 
Co., O. 



SHEPHERDS' PROBLEMS. 



TOISACCO FriR INTERNAL PARASITES. 

From questions that continue to 
come I seem not yet to have made 
plain regarding the use of tobacco for 
internal parasites. 

The proportion of salt is not im- 
portant. It is added simply to get the 
sheep to eat the tobacco. Some men 
have told that their sheep ate it with- 
out any salt. Mine would not do so. I 
have found some men adding so much 
salt that the sheep ate that and left 
the tobacco. At this time in the year, 
when the flocks are about the barns, 
sprinkling a little brine Over the 
leaves will be practical. I have seen 
no ill results from allowing sheep free 
access to a box of salted leaves. Stems 
are not quite as strong in nicotine as 
the scrap leaves, yet it seems probable 
that they may be eaten in large enough 
quantity to prove efficacious. 

A reader in Indiana writes that he 
has been losing lambs from internal 
parasites altho having given gasoline, 
a medicated salt, and copperas and 
salt, and even some tobacco. A post- 
mortem revealed balls of small worms 
in the intestines, also tapeworms. I 
have not been certain as to the effica- 
cy of tobacco for tapeworms. If in this 
case it has been fed long enough to 
give it a fair trial, I advise the use of 
areca nut. Allow the flock to fast for 
twelve hours then give very small al- 
lowance of ground feed with an ounce 
of Epsom salts for each animal. With- 
hold feed again for 24 hours and then 
give each two drams of powdered are- 
ca nut in an ounce of milk. This fol- 
lowed an hour later by two ounces of 
linseed oil and five drops of croton oil 
to each sheep, should effect a complete 
removal of all worms. 

WIXTER CARE OF EWES. 

The open winter so far has been ex- 
ceedingly favorable for the breeding 
flock wherever they have been allowed 
to have advantage of it by freedom up- 
on the pastures. Exercise and blue- 
grass will ward off many of the ills 
usually complained of in the breeding 
flock toward spring. The only danger 
is that they will have to depend upon 
exercising alone, too long. That alone 
isn't satisfactory. Sometimes winter 
pasturage is blamed for ill condition 
of flocks when it is the lack of pastur- 
age that is responsible. Good bluegrass 
in winter is next to clover hay for 
breeding ewes. Corn alone as the 
grain may be safely fed so long as the 
flock has the freedom of the fields. Do 
not make the fatal mistake, however, 
of substituting timothy hay or straw 
or corn stover for the bluegrass and 
exercise. 

As pregnancy advances more protein 
must be fed. This calls for clover hay, 
soy beans, oats or some of the rich 
protein concentrates. — H. P. Miller. 



HOW TO SELECT 

Safe Investments 

iTO YIELD 

Good Interest and Save Taxes 

The remarkable developments of the last four years in industrial 
lines have so increased the demand for money that at the present tfme 
well-seasoned securities are paying a higher rate of income than for 12 
years. Where such securities are offered by a company having a good 
reputation, they are as safe for you as to deposit your money in banks; 
and your money earns twice as large an income for you, because you 
deal direct and receive the total interest paid in place of dividing the 
amount with your banker. 

Another feature that is especially desirable, and is worth at least 2# 
in addition to the dividend paid, is the fact that a cumulative, pre- 
ferred stock of an Ohio corporation is tax exemrt to Ohio investors. 

The average investor has not the time, experience or facilities to 
pass judgment upon securities. Our many years of experience in buying 
investment securities is at your service. In our judgment it is an excel- 
lent time for investors to place their surplus funds, as we are able to 
secure for you from G to 7 percent upon your money, free from taxes. 
We will gladly give you our list of securities upon application. 

The GEIGER, JONES COMPANY, 
218 N. Market St., Canton, Ohio. 




Isn't this an object lesson 
that makes tho reason plain to you, 
Mr. Hoe Raiser, for the heavy losses among your 
shoats? Now, these worms live on the nutriment 
your shoat should get from feed rations— shoat starves 
— blood b omes poisoned — shoat dies — profits vanish. 
Let us prove to you that the Iowa Worm Powder is the 
f only safe and sure worm remedy on the market. It will 
kill the worms and save the shoats. Here's our offer: 

RR» pi Now, if you have never fed 
m m Iowa Worm Powder 
ll^l we'll send you a $1.00 package 
free, if you'll just send us 25c to 
paythe cost of postage and packing. Dept. L, 

IOWA STOCK FOOD CO. 
Jefferson, Iowa 




This exposure shows stomach 
and intestineR taken from a25- 
pound shoat full of intestinal 
worms. 

This shows liver of same shoat 
with worm in bile bladder. 
(X mark showing location.) 
The duct through which worm 
has come was split with a 
knife to show worm. 




Care of the Brood Sow. — Do not be 
too anxious to have your sow farrow 
young. If she drops her first litter 
when about a year old she will raise 
a better and a thriftier number. While 
the cost of production may be some- 
what more in doing this, ' her extra 
usefulness later on will more than re- 
pay it. It is considered better to fig- 
ure at least six months between lit- 
ters, letting the first litter run with 
the sow for about three months. During 
pregnancy a succulent ration should 
be given — grass in the summer, and in 
winter roots, such as beets, carrots, po- 
tatoes, etc., may be included in the 
dietary. Rye, barley, oats, bluegrass or 
clover are also good. The principal ob- 
ject should be to have the pregnant 
sow in good condition but at the same 
time not too fat. — Peterkin Wiley, Jr., 
N. Y. 



Sharon Valley Stock Farm 



G. W. Crawford, Prop. 
NewarK, Ohio. 




The great barns of the noted stocK farm at Newark, 
Ohio, contain a fine lot of choice BELGIAN and PER- 
CHERON and GERMAN COACH stallions and mares. 

Running in age from 1 to 5 years, weighing from 1.500 
to 2.100 lb. All horses are for sale on reasonable terms. 
Cash or bankable notes of 1, 2 and 3 years. 

The right types can be found at the Sharon Valley 
Stock Farm which is located 1*4 miles west of the 
courthouse. Intending purchasers send for catalog. 
Bell phone 651 W; Cit zens' phone 266. 
Yours, 

G. W. CRAWFORD, Newark, Ohio. 



Estates. — Under the laws of the state 
of Ohio do half brothers and sisters in- 
herit from the estate of deceased per- 
sons when the full brothers and sisters 
are living? A. D. H. — Assuming that your 
question refers to personal property, the 
estate would distribute as follows: First. 
To the children of the intestate. Second. 
If there are no children, to the husband 
or wife. Third. If there be no husband or 
wife, to the brothers and sisters of the 
intestate of the whole blood. Fourth. If 
there be no brothers or sisters of the 
whole blood, then to the brothers and sis- 
ters of the half blood. — H. L. Snyder. 




Symptoms of Worms 

Your horse had worms if he 
has any of these symptoms: 
111 health — poor condition 
• — roneb coat — scurvy dry 
skin — dandruff — itching — 
hide bound — pot belly — col- 
icky pains — bloating morn- 
ings — scourin g — pawing — 
switching — rubbing tail — 
turning up lip— bad breath— fits— nervousness 
—diarrhea— sometimes constipation— mucous 
around rectum— and the passage of large or 
small worms or their eggs. 

Dr. Fair's New Worm Remedy 

Kills worms, bnts and bowel parasites; can be 
safely fed to brood mares, and is a great tonic 
and conditioner. 

For 25c we delivr hy mail l'J 

,, in coir envelopes, or C| fl{\ 
five times as many for - Ol. UU 

Dr. Fair Veterinary Remedy Company, 

5712-5714 CARNEGIE AVE.. CLEVELAND. 



FOhio Farmers' 



INSURANCE 
COMPANY 

has been the reliable protective friend of 
farmers' property of every kind 
Buildings Fibe 
Lite Stock against Cyclones 
Crops Tornados 
For Over I talf :i ( Vnt ury 
it lias never failed to fully pay every 
loss on most equitable basis. Call on 
Ohio Farmers' Insurance Co. Agents or 
write the company at LeRoy. Ohio. 



PIT.KS rnRFn ix 6 TO 14 HATS, 

PAZO OINTMENT is guaranteed to cure any 
case of Itching, Blind, Bleeding or Protruding 
Piles in 6 to 14 days.or money refunded. 50c. 



Cooper'sWormTablets 

A Sure Remedy for 

INTESTINAL WORMS 

in Horses, Sheep, Cattle, Hogs 

DOSE— One tablet for lnmb or shoat; two for sheep 
>r hogs; three for horses and cuttle. 

Box of IOO Tablets, Si. 50, Postpaid 

! *ai, Cooper & Nephews, 177 Illinois St., Chicago 




[THE 
PUMP 
THAT 



Write for Circulars 
and l'rlces to 

F.E. Myers & Bro. 

Ashland, Ohio 



YERS 



PUMPS 



TOOLS 



0WSHER SWEEP MILLS 



Different from all others. 4 or 2 horses 
Geared 16tolor7to L Grind Conmlth .h..cl.i 
or without. And all small grains including 
Oat^ and Wheat. (AUo m»k. 7 Htm belt milk ) 

*H. N. P. Bowsher Co., South Bend. Ind. 




6—58 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 18, 1908. 



THE DAIRY 



THE SILO.— II. 



SILO MATERIALS. 



Everyone, in constructing a new 
building, spends more or less time 
considering plans and materials. There 
have been a good many kinds of ma- 
terials used in silos in the past. Stone 
and brick were used in the first ones, 
and continued in use until quite a re- 
cent date. They were ungainly and 
the necessary thickness of walls, made 
them too expensive. The builders then 
jumped to the opposite extreme, put- 
ting up single thicknesses of boards, 
in a square form. This did not prove 
perfect but was an improvement over 
the early styles. 

Cement has been tried, to a very lim- 
ited extent, and is still in the experi- 
mental stage. A silo must be tall, 
circular, quite small in diameter and 
able to withstand great pressure. To 
make a silo out of cement and make 
the cost reasonably low, requires quite 
a thin wall. It also requires skilled 
labor. A person is perfectly safe in 
making his walls 6 to 8 inches thick 
if he reinforces the walls every three 
feet with a steel rod. Make the rods 
link into each other, having a contin- 
uous rod around the silo. The cement 
should be mixed one part to six or sev- 
en of sand. Cement is a ticklish mate- 
rial to deal with, and must be well 
studied before using, especially in the 
silo. It is durable, however, and when 
kept washed on the inside, should last 
a lifetime. The thing is to get it up 
right and to that end a prospective 
builder should understand the mate- 
rial he is working with. The cost is 
surprisingly reasonable. I know of a 
few in this locality that are giving 
good satisfaction, and the material has 
a great future in silo construction. 

Wood is still the mainstay in silo 
construction. There are several kinds 
of wood used, and if one is furnishing 
his own lumber, he can choose some 
variety. The majority of stave silos 
are of two-inch, soft pine, or else the 
same thickness tamarp^k. Tamarack is 
not to be had in all localities, but 
where it can it is a splendid material. 
Soft pine has qualities that make it a 
very fine material, but hard pine is al- 
so used to a great extent. Most any 
timber that is used in other building 
will do for the silo. The inside sheet- 
ing should be chosen with a little ex- 
tra care, as it has to contend with the 
acids of the silage. 

There are several types of wood si- 
los, but the round is the only success- 
ful one. The stave silo is probably the 
best known and most in use. It 
makes a very satisfactory silo, but is 
not so lasting as some others. It has 
suffered some in having so many cheap, 
poorly constructed ones put up, which 
either blow down or fail to keep the 
silage. Other kinds are more truly 
buildings, in that they are built sta- 
tionary around studding. The exact 
method of construction varies with 
different makes. The two that I be- 
lieve are best are the King and Gur- 
ler, described at some length in bulle- 
tin No. 125 of the Wisconsin Experi- 
ment Station, Madison, Wis. The King 
silo requires a sill made by two layers 
of two by fours, 12 inches long, break- 
ing joints. Studding made of two by 
fours, are set up 12 inches apart. 
Three layers of sheeting, one-half Inch, 
is bent around the inside and securely 
nailed to the studding. Building paper 
is used between the second and third 
layers. The outside is sheeted with any 
kind of outside sheeting, bent, of 
course, horizontally. 

The Gurler silo uses the same idea 
of frame work but instead of the last 
two layers of inside sheeting, a sort 
of lath is bent around, one-half inch 
apart. The lath are made by sawing 
three-quarter material into narrow 
strips, three-quarter inches on the nar- 
row face, and one and one-half inches 
on the broad. These are nailed with 
the narrow face next the sheeting, 
leaving a dove-tailed space between 
thorn. The inside is then plastered 
with cement three-quarter inches 
thick, from face of lath. The propor- 
tion is two of cement to one of sand. 
The beveled lath, being put on hori- 
zontally, holds the cement securely. 
A whitewash of cement must be used 
every two years, to close any cracks 
and fill up the pores which the silage 



is liable to force into the cement. Make 
the wash by stirring cement into water 
until a good thick wash is made, as 
thick as can be easily spread with a 
brush or spread with a sprayer. A one 
hundred and fifty-ton silo like these, 
should not cost over $200, and can be 
built by any careful carpenter if fur- 
nished with plans.. 

While the stave silo may look like a 
makeshift, it is in reality a very ser- 
viceable one. Whether bought all 
ready to set up or made on the farm, 
it must be put up carefully and then 
cared for. We have a stave silo that 
has been in use five years and is ap- 
parently as good as the day put up. It 
gets good care and -the hoops are kept 
tight and the foundation firm. Some 
firms make a thirty-foot s ave but it 
has been my experience that a silo us- 
ing fourteen and sixteen-foot staves is 
much more easily put up and is just 
as good, besides it is difficult to get 
one so long that is perfectly sound. 
All the stave silos that I have ever 
seen go down, rot out, or fall to pieces, 
have done so thru some fault of the 
owner. They are easily and quickly 
put up and may be readily moved. 
They look nice when well finished and 
keep the silage as well as any and are 
a good bin to begin with. — John Bow- 
ditch, Jr., Hillsdale Co., Mich. 



ACID TASTE IN BUTTER. 



Please tell us what is wrong with 
our butter. The only way we can de- 
scribe it is that it is sour. Our cow was 
fresh in August and for a time we 
made good butler. Then the butter 
took on an acid taste and we have been 
unable to remedy it. L. S. B., Bowling 
Green, O. 

The acid taste in your butter is due 
to one Of two things: First, either to 
an abnormal fermentation which gains 
entrance into the milk during milking 
time, or by coming in contact with 
vessels that are slightly infected; or 
second, it may come about thru feeds 
that you are feeding. I advise you not 
to feed too many stock beets or car- 
rots. In fact, I would feed none at all 
for two weeks and substitute for these 
beets, bran, mixed with a slight 
amount of linseed meal, feeding her 
hay and corn fodder — all that she 
wants to eat. I advise you to thoroly 
boil the utensils that come in contact 
with the milk and wash them with a 
solution of borax. I am sure this will 
remove the trouble. — O. Erf, O. S. U. 



WINTER DAIRYING MOST PROFIT- 
ABLE. 



I find from experience that winter 
dairy work is more profitable than 
summer dairy work. I try to have my 
cows come fresh between October and 
January first, and feed plenty of en- 
silage and good clover hay once a day, 
with bran, gluten or some other good 
protein feed. I let the cows be the judge 
regarding the amount they will con- 
sume and digest to get the greatest 
value. I think this is the way to make 
them pay. I find that good cows will 
pay a profit every day of the winter 
and will do nearly as well during the 
summer as cows fresh in the spring. 
A cow that freshens at this time will 
take her vacation in the fall when the 
pasture it short. As a rule, her sisters 
who freshen in the spring shrink con- 
siderably in their flow of milk. 

Every dairyman has more time to 
care for calves during the winter than 
in summer. With well-lighted and 
warm quarters they will do as well in 
winter as in summer and as the first 
few days of spring makes the grass 
ready for them to go onto, they will 
have prospered so that they can take 
excellent advantage of the warm, ear- 
ly summer weather. I find it is most 
profitable to keep the cows doing their 
very best while they are fresh. No cow 
can be allowed to shrink in her milk 
flow for a week or month nnd be ex- 
pected to catch up to her former stand- 
ing by high feeding. She will not make 
up for lost time, therefore it is very 
important that she be kept up in her 
flow of milk. — R. B. Rushing. John- 
son Co., 111. 



TUishel of TCar Corn. — Please publish In 
your valuable paper the lawful weicht of 
a bushel of ear corn. Some claim timi 
It is f!S lb. while others say that T'l lb. are 
a bushel the year round. C. K. Schwab. — 
The standard weight of a bushel of ear 
.corn In Ohio is 68 lb., the vear round. 
See Sec. 4443 Ohio Laws. 



THE VERY LATEST IN 

Cream Separators 

Every one having the milk of two or more cows to care for 
should not fail to see and examine the new improved DE LA- 
VAL Cream Separators. These new machines embody the very 
latest improvements in cream separator construction and are the 
result of the past two years of tests and experiments, backed up 
by our experience of 30 years in the manufacture of separators. 

There are ten new styles, ten new capacities and ten new 
prices. There is a machine for every dairy, from the smallest to 
the largest, and at a price that will fit every pocket. 

Th'e DE LAVAL was the original separator and it has always 
led in every separator invention and improvement. All good 
features are now bettered and many new and novel ones add- 
ed, making the DE LAVAL even more superior to imitating 
machines than in the past. 

The new patented De LAVAL center balanced bowl, with 
its separate spindle, is a triumph in separator construction and 
the whole machine from the patented "anti-splash" sanitary 
supply can to the base is a lesson in mechanical beauty, sim- 
plicity and convenience, operating as smoothly and noiselessly 
as a watch. Only one tool — a screw driver — is required to set 
the machine or to entirely remove its parts. The new DE LA- 
VAL sells on its appearance alone, while back of that are 
those mechanical and skimming qualities that have made the 
DE LAVAL the world's standard. 

Last.but not least, and notwithstanding the many big im- 
provements, a considerable reduction has been made in all prices 

Send for free new 1908 DE LAVAL catalog. 

The De Laval Separator Co. 

General Offices: 



43 E. Madison Street 
CHICAGO 

1213 & 1215 FILBERT ST. 

PHILADELPHIA 
Orumm ft Sacramento Stb. 
SAN FRANCISCO 



173-177 William Street 
MONTREAL 

74 CORTLANDT STREET, 14 * w.nnTpIq 3 ™"' 



NEW YORK. 



107 First Street 
PORTLAND. OREG. 



ROOFS 



THAT NEVER WEAROUf 

Sea Green and Purple Slate 

RflflfC " 6s "'«<"'!/ last forei 

IIUUIO raet.tl m apart 



Being solid 

Reduce your insurance rate. Afford pure cistern water. Don't require ireqaent*".KintiiiV'a'od 
coating like metal and composition rooting. Not affected by heat or cold Suitable for all 
buildings, new or old. First cost— only a trljte more than short lived roofings. Let us *rttle 
your rooting question/or all time Don't spend more good money for poor routine * WHITE TO L"6 
AT ONCE for out free book."KOOFS." It will nave you money. Give as name ofyour local dealer. 

JHE AMERICAN SEA GREEN SLATE CO., Box 6, GRANVILLE, N. Y. 




If you want to KNOW HOW to 
Raise Calves Cheaply and 
Successfully Without Milk, write to 
ii 1. W. HARWELL, WAUKEGAN. ILLS.aanaaaaai 



Rll««all'«~ S r Br.4Wh Uthotn. Blk Minorca! Rai 

, , . 8 "°<*».«.C.R.I.Reds.Wh Wvands and Sc. 

lollies. Lxtra fine; farm raised. JT'ie "inoers. Fine caL 
tm - ' H. Rl'SSKLL, R. 1, » AMMAN, OHIO. 



FREE - FEEDERS HAND BOOK 

■ ■ ■ *m mm with analysis tables and Taluable Inform- 
ation about Ajaz Flakta, the wonderful dairy feed. 

AJAX MILLING & FEED CO., Buffalo, N.V. 




ICE PLOWS 



Cuts two rows. Equals 20 men 
with saws. Cavil.* tells all 
about it. Sent tree with }>rices. 
Wm. H. Pray, Clove, N. Y. 



Knoll Poultry Farm. Box 40. R. 3, Albany. O. 
M. B. Turkeys. Pekln Ducks, W. and Buff 
P. R. A R. C. B. Leghorns and S. <\ B. Minoreas. 
Ferrets, S. Collies. B Unres Sold on approval. 



AOn Select breeders la F a S . Bi Lefhi., Bd wi, altf. 
OW l, .. .. , A.h.c li.-.l ckl.. Pokin drakes. Litre fins 
vigorous, fsrui-raised. prolific bustlers. Trap-nest bred from 
best f'nd'n stock. Bargains *l up Imestigstethis BID bay 
State wants. Cir free. W. J. CRAWFORD, R. 6. Freieysburg.O. 



Cockerels For Sale. 

W.iandi.tl.a, Huff l«b..r., a W hit* Fac-d Hlarl *penl.a'. I 

loaarlrrr. H. B. SLACK M Sl>\. In-pC I, tl LfOMIAl, OHIO 



iV|sple Orove roultry Farm has W W Hawkins strsin Co. 
* * ant Man W.Arnold's strain B. P. Rocks Thomson strain SC. 
W. loch Wyckofl a laying .train Good breeders at fl and $J 
each, trios. $S and fit Inhibition birds at reasonable prices 
Circular, free. II . KARl. FOBHKST Prop . R. 2, Rutland. Ohio 



<f^R. I. Reds.'T,,:: 1 "^.:;,^"::-- 

V ' I.. rl In pair*. Trios, pra. anil swkrrrh |M 

later* Kgve. f I OO per li. Sprrlsl Brians, for SO da,.'. 
Illu.tr. tril cslalos free I INK hUllMITS, Fulloakaas . Ohio 



Famous Rhode I. Reds ^ 

(Both combs) from heavv-la, ing strain. Ctrcnlat 
free. P. 1. OBKK. Box 23. Wnlte A sh. Penna. 

f^hok-e Ool. Wynn. .S.S. Hamburg*. S. at R C B Mln 
VA>rcas.Buff Legh's. Orpington*. Bd.ABuff Rocks. 
Klarn.Pekin Dncka, Tonlonse Ucese. Mam Bronia 
& Wh.Hol Turkey s Ralph H. Raby. Mlllcrebnrg. O. 

White Holland Toms r 

J. It. 11 KIM A - OX. not 1 i lilK. Obit*. 

Barred Rocks 

erato prices. L. W. Clelland.R. 2.Fainnouui, W.Va. 

"Darred and Buff Rocks- America's finest strains. 

~ Finest S-cotch Collies, bred from imp'd cham- 
pions, at low prices. Chas. J. Webb. Kinsman. Ohio. 

TJurred : 

ckls. Wt .7 to oLj ihs. Well barred: rood shape, 
farm raj re, B. P. QUE KB. R. 1. Oi 

l)o»e tomb Klioilo Island K,.,l < ,,, I,. , , |« 

Score cards famished Prlcaa from K u t>' 
Write K. K. BRANDT, R. 3 Saaara, <•> 

"D.irgains In Barred A Buff Rks.AHronse Turkey. 
■* J Bd. Kks.. Tliompsou and Bradley strains: Huff 
Rks , Maggot strain. 1>. II McQueen. Bonerston O. 

T> I Kadi ami Wh.Wyanda. aa eo.nl as trow Ufc. 
breeding and rxhtbt'n birds bred from Oerv- 
■ ■ ' 1 '- - ■ H. Hilllncs. <>!■■ rlin n. 

Barred P. Roeks _v 

UdllBII Ti nUvn» gnalltv the b. .1. fS earl, 

*5 per trio. W. U CaRM TON. P.m.. roy. OLIo. 

Rincrlet Rigk class show aa* 

niiigiei 

to sell tirnbb A Richardson. R. 1. MrtNmovllsrillp.il. 



Rnrkc v ' *' Leghorns* ! ,,ro,, " : ""'"'Rocks 

HOCKS Pacini I . Inart I mrmtaad — ^ ' kls cocks hrs. iml rn. """"J 



1 «t nte s.nd you a rk I . r tn. t.. n i r your flock or w I n at 
your show. D. J. BAUSON, Bos J»3. Cardinfton. Ohio. 



ks hens and cgirf 

layers. I. F. M A K TIN. New u 



RnflP ORPINGTONS— Lai task, lartctt. band 
soino.t. best laying, best eating variety 
Big cockerels and pullet.. »I.2S tip. Kg k -s from « 
prise pons JOHN WILl.ARD, linden. Mich. 



Tl tKH- M B « II N 
1 1 I Blk Min'cas. S C R.I 
Orp g os. B P. a Wb Rocks. 
Stock snd prices correct W. 



ltankin I'ektn IHirke. Haw some larce. white 

I * br lera loft.Wi from « to 10 lbs. Proline larers. 

Write H K.R1.K L. 1MMKL. Sv'VlIle.Ohlo. for prices. 



Single CombWh. 

inseaaon. CCTTKR BR08.. Holmesville. Ohio. 



MAMMOTH Bronse Torkey. — Winners of the 
prite for a years at Ohio State Fair Pvkln 
Drake* FRF.K ANTHONY. VTth Lawrence. O. | 

ALWAYS mention OHIO FARMER 
when writing to our advertisers- 



TlPSt 1 * , " ,,M ""' Uerse Pekin ducks V 

v v Wyandotte and Wh. Roea.rkls. and Pearl 
liulneas for sale. K. Schleber. R. 2. Bocyraa. •». 

Mammoth r < 

manimvin , kin , nd t , tit . fd to „„,, 

FRKP I.. SMITH. R II. HI1.I.SBORO, OHIO- 

M Tl TVRKKTS- King Pney strain. Largs frame and bone. 
1 From Chicago prise wiener. IWie Wt 41 lbs when s 

»r l.~lrkl» WM J -»ITH 0.1.M1 led 

f r\(~\ ' as large rorlr-rl, Br W and Buff Forks U 
l"U I rahmas Best strains. Alse Pekia Pi < k« 

r- ■ I ' T" IMti, R I OBIBI IS OHIO 

Wh. Plymouth Rocks^;;^ 1 ;",^ 

•S.00. A. H. nWUH, Lndlosr Falls. Ohio. 

MB Turkey* bred from high Scoring Birds. 
• " ■ also B. P. R- rk.S 1 \R. Log. A Bine Aoda. 
■■n--,- . - \ ' <»" I'l N 1:. 1 -nnnra.il, 

TJarr-d and White Rocks Bnff Orpington cocker, 
els. M. Fine, large rlgoroos birds. Write ns. 
THEO. Bl'RT & SONS. Melrosa. Ohio. 



Jan. 18, 1908., 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



7—59 



Because You 

Need 
The Money 

It's your business and if yon don't 
attend to it, who will? You cannot 
afford to keep cows for fun. That isn't I 
business, and, furthermore, it isn't I 
necessary. There is money in cow 
keeping if you go at it right, and be- 
sides there is more fun in going at it 
right than there is in staying wrong. 



POULTRY 



You need a Tubular Cream Sepa- 
rator because it will make money Tor 
you; because it saves labor; because 
it saves time ; because it means all the 
difference between cow profits and 
cow losses. 

Look into this matter; see what a 
Tubular will do for you and buy one 
because you need it. 

How would you like our book 
"Business Dairying"! and our catalog 
B. 151 both free. Write for them. 

The Sharpies Separator Co. 

West Chester, Pa. 
Toronto, Can. Chicago, III. 



Easy to 
Doctor 




Be your own Poultry Doctor. If you 
will use Germozone according to direc- 
tions you need not have sick fowls from any 
cause. Germozone prevents disease and 
cures it, should it get started. Simple to use 
and very effective— put it in the drink twice 
a week— the chickens take their own medi- 
cine regularly and keep well.They like it, too. 

GERMOZONE 

the great National Remedy is a sure cure for 
Roup, Colds, Cholera, Bowel Complaint, 
Chicken-Pox and all such disorders, A trial 
will make you a regular user. Either tablet 
or liquid. 50c at dealers, or direct from 
.» GEO. H. LEE CO., Omaha, Nebraska 



.15 

Buys the Best 

120-EGG 

Incubator 
ever made 
Freight Prepaid East of Rockies 

Double cases all over; best 
copper tank; n«rsery; self- 
regnlating. BestlOO chick hot-water Brooder, J4.35. 
Both ordered together, $11.00. Satisfaction guaran- 
teed. No machines at any price are better. Write for 
our book today or send price now and save waiting. 

Belle City Incubator Co., Box 16, Racine, Wis. 





125 Egg Incubator 
and Brooder 



$10 



If ordered together we 
•send both for $10 
_ and pay freight. Hot 
water, copper tanks, double 
walls, double glass doors. Our 
free catalog describes them. 
Wisconsin Incubator Co., 
Box 63, Racine, Wis. 




Famous Invincible Hatchers 

From*4-u?J 




The safe way to buy an In- | H°* &} r . 0V 
cubator is on a Real Free jf « ot Water 

Trial. Invincibl e Hatchers are sold that way and' 
results guaranteed. Brooders, Poultry Houses and 
supplies all at very low prices. 224-paoe bookFrea. 
Write to-day. The United Factories Co., Dept. 521, Cleveland, 



a 



REAL PROFITS 
Proved in Poultry 

Guaranteed best hatcher is Cyphers 
Incubator proved so by beginners, ex- 
perts and Agricultural Experiment 
Stations. Write to prove it by our 

PQrr 212-page Book, ll.astn.te8 what 
t* If t Bl others are doing towards making 
Poultry Paj Big Profits. Money-Back Guarantee. 

Cyphers Incubator Co., Buffalo, N. 

N. Y.. Boston. Chicao, K. City, Oak land, Cal.,L 



I 





Hatch Chickens by 
Steam with the 

EXCELSIOR INCUBATOR 
Or WOODEN HEN 

Simple, perfect, self -regulating. 
Hatcli every fertile egg. Lowest 

Sriced first-class hatcherB made. 
IEO. H. BTAHIh Quinoy. III. 



2 HATCHES FREE 
And a S Year Cuarantee 

Most liberal offer ever made. Whole- 
sale price in effect for short time. 
Gem Incubators and Brooders hand-' 
lest to nse. Proven success by 
thousands. Catalog explains alL _ 
Worth dollars to you. Sent free, f'fl' 1 !- 
THE GEM IKOOBATQR CO.. Box 46. Trotwood. Ohio. 




FEEDING FOR WINTER EGGS. 

Very much of the profit of the poul- 
try keeper .depends upon the number 
of eggs obtained during the late fall 
and winter. This can be readily seen 
when it is remembered that as a rule, 
one dozen fresh-laid eggs at this sea- 
son are worth two dozen laid in spring 
and summer. 

But it will not he as readily admit- 
ted that it is possible to obtain a suc- 
cession of fresh eggs during the win- 
ter where the fowls have only fairly 
comfortable winter quarters and are 
not kept in a room made almost warm 
enough for a living room for the fam- 
ily. Having been successful in secur- 
ing a goodly supply of fresh eggs 
from November to April, and this while 
keeping the fowls in a small and 
cheaply-constructed building, * not 
warmer than would be considered es- 
sential for the comfort of farm stock 
t>f any kind, I will give an outline of 
my methods of care and treatment of 
fowls. 

I believe that a small, low building 
is preferable for winter quarters for 
the hens at night if they can be giv- 
en the range of a warm and sunny 
building, facing to the south thru the 
day, as the animal heat is better re- 
tained thru the night in such a build- 
ing. I believe success or failure in egg 
production will as a rule depend more 
upon feed than on breed of fowls kept. 
My practice has been to introduce new 
blood each year or at least as often 
as every two years by bringing into 
the flock ' pure-blooded or nearly pure 
cocks from other flocks. 

"Why," said a neighbor, recently, 
"what on earth do you 'feed your hens 
to make them lay so every winter? We 
give ours all the oats they can eat, 
and haven't had an egg for weeks." 

Another said to me: "I feed my 
hens all the wheat shorts they will eat, 
mixed in hot water, and yet they don'*t 
lay." 

And yet another: "I don't see why 
our hens do not lay, for we feed them 
all the corn they can eat, and they are 
just hog fat." 

I was certainly tempted to say in re- 
ply: "Poor simpletons! Don't you 
know more than to expect eggs in win- 
ter, or in fact at any time, on such ra- 
tions as these? The first two will hard- 
ly keep a hen alive two months in our 
cold climate, and the latter will make 
them too fat to lay at all. But I mere- 
ly answered them that I took pains to 
give my hens as great, a variety of 
food as possible, combining it with a 
feeding, two or three times each week, 
t»f some sort of green feed, and an oc- 
casional feed of meat scraps, furnish- 
ing them also with plenty of clean, 
sharp gravel for grit, and a constant 
supply of shell-forming material of 
some sort, with all the pure, fresh wa- 
ter they will drink. Common sense, 
combined with a knowledge of the con- 
stituents forming the egg, ought to 
give a very definite idea of the condi- 
tions and feed necessary for egg pro- 
duction. 

Preparations for winter layers 
should begin the preceding spring, by 
securing a supply of early-hatched 
chickens — the earlier the better. These 
early pullets will begin laying corre- 
spondingly early, and besides having 
come to maturity thus early in the 
first season, they will reach the moult- 
ing season correspondingly early the 
coming year and so he in a condition 
for better production of winter eggs 
the following year. 

Experience has confirmed me in the 
belief that, with other conditions the 
same, there is nothing like internal 
heat produced by hot, not warm, but 
hot, feed to prompt hens to winter lay- 
ing. I depend on it largely, tho I vary 
the grain feed by giving whole grain, 
such as buckwheat, corn, oats, whole 
wheat, etc., once or twice a day, and al- 
ways as a night-feed. Also a hot mash 
made of equal parts by weight of corn 
meal and wheat shorts stirred up in 
boiling water and fed in the morning, 
in winter, without standing to cool at 
all. In the earlier years of my poul- 
try keeping I should have thought it 
unsafe to place the feed before my 
flock as hot as this but I have long 
made a practice of doing so and al- 
ways with satisfactory results, so do 
not hesitate to recommend it for oth- 
ers. — E. J. Brownell, Delaware Co.,N.Y. 




Let My 50 Years Success Start You 
Right for Poultry Profits — — 



Whether you are an expert Poultry Raiser, or a Beginner, it will pay you. 
especially this year, to write me a postal for my New Free 1908 Chatham 
Incubator and Brooder Book on Poultry Science. 

My SO years of practical experience in building Chatham Incubators and 
Brooders is told fully in this book. I tell you how you can start in the poultry 
business with a small amount of money and offer to prove to you on 5 years' 
guarantee that my machines are the best made. My l'K>8 book is so full of the 
latest improvements in chicken raising methods and practical information 
that no Expert or lieginner can afford to overlook it. 



MANSov CAMPBELL, 

President, 
The Manson Ciimpbell 
Company, Ltd. 



Take 84 Days 

My Chatham 



Free Trial of 

Incubator 



If you are an Expert, set I 
aasaaas.niB.BaiB5B.Biiiiii.iM Chatham beside any other incu 
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hatches that Chathama beat the rest. 

If you are a Beginner, just hold off a day or two until 
you get my low factory prices direct to you — freight pre- 
paid — and read my 1''08 Book before you buy. Write a 
postal to me personally, now, to get it. 

Learn all about our two immense factories — our new 
improvements and our ways of testing every machine at 
our own experimental station. 

When a Chatham Incubator or Brooder leaves our 
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experience with it and is an assurance of your success. 

New, Free Chatham Poultry Book 

It tells you how our $500,000 invested in the In- 
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Start with CKathams. 

Write me personally, today, for my New Book. 
Hanson Campbell, Pres., The Manson Campbell Co., Ltd. 
152 Wesson Ave.. Detroit. Mich. 

Dept.46 KaniM City; 8t, Paul; Portland, Ore.; N. shells, Teno. : Hurlstmrr. Pa. > 

- We have 24 Branch Houses and Make Prompt Shipments. 




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Act now to get yours. 




30 Days Free Trial 
Satisfaction or 
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THIS 

230-Egg 



Yes, freight prepaid, even at this pric f t a limited tlmeanywhere ea6t of the Mississippi River. You 
can clip this ad and send $13.50 now to b sure to j_'et yours promptly. Money back if not perfectly satlsned 
by 30 days' Free Trial. We refer you to the publish r of this paper or to the Iowa NatlnutU Bank or the 
Mechanics' Saving Bank, both of l>es Moines, Iowa. We do just as we say we will. And there's no better 
Incubator than tlie Royal for assured hatches at any price. This is our No. 3 Breed -r's Favorite. 230- Kgg 
Royal— regular price 81S — even better quality than usually sold for 8t£i. Strictly high-grade i n every respect. 
Easy to operate; automatic control of heat; perfect ventilation. One Trial Hatch Free. Don't pay more 
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until you have investigated our remarkable offer. We save you about half the cost and guarantee better 
results than incubators give costing twice as much. It will pay you to Investigate. Write for special offer. 
CTirli 1 Handsome Catalog of incubators, brooders, poultry supplies, poultry foods, egge for hatcb- 
av 3%. ali a_j j n and standard bred poultry from our own farm. Book on "Proper Care and Feeding of 
Young Chicks, Ducks and Turkeys,'* 10c. 50c Standard Poultry Paper 1 year, 10c. 

ROYAL INCUBATOR COMPANY. DRAWER 213, DES MOINES. IOWA 

WHITE TODAY AND HEE FOR YOURSELF THE BARGAIN H£ OFFER, 




Start Your Wife in the Poultry Business 

Give Hera Sure Hatch Incubator and Let Her 
Make a Lot of Money Easily at Home 

You or your wife fill out the Free Book Certificate and let us send 
book at once by fast mail, with full information about Making: Easy 
Money with the Sure Hatch. Thousands of other women everywhere 
spend a few minutes every day in this — — _ - _ _ _ . 
delightful money -making: occupation. I 
Why not give her the opportunity? One J 
hatch pays for the Incubator and leaves I 
a profit. The Sure Hatch never fails. J 
It gets the chicks and they live nnd prow into 
dollars Quickly, with little cure. The Sure 
Hatch regulates itself nnd runs itself. 
Hatches egga better, quicker, cheaper thnn 
hens or other incubators. Guji ran teed 5 years. 
We will ship one to you direct from our 
nearest warehouse on tnJinilted Trial. We 
pay freight. Send Free Book Certificate 
today or write a postal for the book. 

SURE HATCH INCUBATOR CO. 
Box 2 1 1 Fremont, Neb.* or 

Dept. 21 Indianapolis, Ind. 



Free Book Certificate 



21, Indian- 



SURE HATCH INCUBATOR CO., 

Box ? 1 Fremont, Neb., or Oept. 
apolls, Ind. 

Please send Free Book Telling How to Make 
Money with the Sure Hatch. 



Incubator Whys 



SI Our new book, telling Whys and Wherefores I 
Of Poultry Profits— Why Ertel machines make j 
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1 prices are lowest — will be sent you free. 

" ~ the vast difference In results 

between Ertel Incubators i 
'and others. Please say! 
;ther Interested in large I 
machines or a small outfit. I 

GEORGE ERia CO., QUINCY, ILL 




SUCCESSFUL HATCHES 

and healthy, vigorous chicks are 
always a certainty with 

RELIABLE 
INCUBATORS 

1 23 years* experience and practical demonstration Is 

I crystallized in the one pert eot machine. Double hcat- 

I I nsr system, double ventilating, economical — all ex- 
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| Reliable Incubator & BroodorCo.,Box IJ86 Qulncy.lli 




You Haven't Got The Lowest. Prices 
Until You Get Mine 

I quote you the lowest prices on 
Che best Incubatorsand Brooders. 
I know how to build them. 
IDEAL Hot-Air and Hot-Water 
INCUBATORS and BROODERS 
ire made to give best results. Send for my 
handsomely Illustrated free book. "Poultry 
lorProllt." 1 Read my trial offer. See how 1 protect you. 

I. W. MILLER COMPANY. Box 85 FREEPORT. ILL. 




Hatches Every i A f| of 
Fertile Egg lUU/o 

The GLOBE Incubator does this all 
tho time— has done it for In years- 
ami hiiflies strnne.healthy chicks 
—chicks ih .t Hie and rtr..w Our lilobr- la. 
tubal.. r Ho.dc with beautiful color plate, 
tells vnu how to make more money oat of 
poultry. Sent for 4c in itampe. Write today. 
C.C. SHOI •!»!.» K Hoi 213, Frerport, III. 

ET MORE EOO* 

many by feeding green cut bout& 
■ <= UTT _« r'riVSrlU 





MANN'S ■£!!! 



No money In advance. Cat'lg f rec 
F. W. Mann Co.. Box 111 Mllford. Ma 




^5-00 BUCKEYE fe O -d t i¥I fk 

Se^c.,^.„„ ,i,.ti„.rl„r,>h.w liuarantoed to hatch ■■■O "aBaBaa- a^CaaS aw BJ «ar — u» <_ 



Self-regulatinc Incubator. Guaranteed to hatch 
everyhatohable ess- Both the Incubator and 50- 
Chick Brooder, freicht prepaid east of Rockies, 
$9. 40 days trial. Send for FREE catalogue. 

Buckeye Incubator Co. 
Box B 27, Springfield, Ohio 



CAN BE CURED. My mild, aoothinc. jraarante-": 
""it and FREE SAMFl.E prove, it STOPS THE ITCHIV, 
and cures to stay. WRITE NOW-TOIUY. 

Dr. CANNADAY, 166 Park Sq., Sedalla, Mo. 



8 — 60 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 18, 1908. 




ESTABLISHED 1848 

THE LAWRENCE PUBLISHING CO. 

EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS. 

General Office, 1011 1015 OltKGON Ave,, N. E. 
CLEVELAND, OHIO. 
NEW YORK OFFICE, 725 Temple Court Bldg. 
CHICAGO OFFICE, 1736 First Nat. Bank lilde. 
liF.TROIT, Mich.. OFFICE. 39-45 Confess St..W. 
S BATTLE. Wash. .OFFICE. 211 People'sS. Bk. Bide 

M. J. LAWRENCE President 

M. W. LAWRENCE Vice-President 

M. L. LAWRENCE Secretary 

P. T. LAWRENCE Treasurer 

M, E. WILLIAMS % 

W. I. CHAMBERLAIN ) Fditoria , 

JOHN F. CUNNINGHAM V staff 

•HARRIET MASON \ 

A. J. ANDERSON J 

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION 

Three Years, 156 $1.50 

TWO YEARS, 104 Copies lo one person 

One Year. 52 " " 75 Cents 

Six Months. 26 " " 40 

Canadian subscriptions 50c per year extra lor postage 

We guarantee to stop sending paper 
when the time for which it is paid has 
expired, so that, to avoid missing any 
numbers, all should renew promptly. 

Always send money by draft. postoffice money order, 
registered letter, or by express. We will not be re- 
sponsible for money sent in letters. Address all com- 
munications to, and make nil drafts, cheeks and post- 
office orders payable to The Lawrence I'ublishinj; Co. 

RATES OF ADVERTISING 

50 cents per agate-line measurement, or S7.O0 
per inch, each insertion, -with a reasonable dis- 
connt on orders amounting to $15 or over. 

No adv't inserted for less than $1 .50 per insertion. 
WW No lottery, quack doctor or swindling adver- 
tisements inserted at any price. 

Entered as second-class matter at the Cleveland, 
Ohio, postoffice. 

We cannot furnish addresses of contributors. 

Copyright 1907 hy The Lawrence Tub. Co. 

All persons are warned against reprinting any 
portion of the contents of tiiis issue without our 
written permission. 

Cleveland, 0., Jan. 18, 1908. 



WE GUARANTEE to stop THE 
OHIO FARMER immediately upon ex- 
piration of time subscribed for, and we 
will pay all expenses for defending 
any suit brought against any sub- 
scriber to The Ohio Farmer by the 
publisher of any farm paper which 
has been sent after u .e time ordered 
has expired, providing you return such 
papers to your postmaster unread, tell 
him to notify the publishers that you 
refuse to accept them, and you send 
us due notice before suit is started. 

Avoid future trouble by refusing to 
subscribe for any farm paper which 
does not print, in each Issue, a defi- 
nite guarantee to stop on expiration 
of subscription. 

The Lawrence Pub. Co., Cleveland, O. 



CURRENT COMMENT. 



The Gist annual 
State Board of Ag- report of the Ohio 
•Bicui/ruRE. State Board of 

Agriculture, for 
the year 1906, has just heen issued. It 
is a large volume of 986 pages, con- 
taining the usual matter — transactions 
of the Board, crop and live stock sta- 
tistics, reports of county societies, 
awards at the State Fair, report on 
commercial fertilizers, report of pro- 
ceedings at the annual meeting of the 
Board, annual reports of farmers' in- 
stitutes, of the division of nursery and 
orchard inspection, the State Board of 
Live Stock Commissioners, the State 
Dairymen's Association, and the divi- 
sion of horticulture. The report on 
farmers' institutes embraces a large 
number of the best papers read and the 
best addresses delivered at the various 
institutes by local talent, and contains 
a fund of information for farmers, hor- 
ticulturists, stockmen, dairymen, house- 
wives, etc. Every farmer in Ohio 
should secure these annual reports and 
thus keep in touch with the state 
work for the promotion of all agricul- 
tural interests. In the farmers' insti- 
tute section there are 50 or more pa- 
pers; in the dairy Teport. a dozen or 
more; and in the horticultural report, 
20 or 30, with appended discussions 
that contribute additional value. These 
are all published for the benefit of 
farmers. We have often wondered 
what proportion of the farmers Of the 
state get these reports, what propor- 
tion make any effort to get them, and 
how many utilize the information af- 
ter receiving them. As a rule, people 
prize what they pay foT directly, and, 
of printed matter we read what we 
pay for. and little else. As to mode of 
distribution, each member of the House 
and Senate has a hundred, more or 



less, sent to his home to give to whom 
he will, each county auditor has a big 
quota, each regular farmers' institute 
has a number for free distribution dur- 
ing the sessions, each crop reporter 
(about 1,000 in all) receives a copy 
by mail or express, and any farmer, 
we believe, may receive a copy; as long 
as the supply lasts, by requesting it 
and paying postage or express charg- 
es — about 30 cents. Something like 
25,000 copies are printed, and so, even 
if all go to the farmers, only about 
one farmer in ten can get a copy. 

On Grange page we 
The Grange and print a communica- 
Taxation. tion on this subject 

from Mr. C. M. Free- 
man, secretary of the National Grange, 
with points numbered (in parenthe- 
sis) for comment here. (1) We regret 
that Mr. Freeman injects so much of 
mere opinion and of -personal feeling 
into the matter, instead of confining 
himself to an unimpassioned recital of 
facts and statement of arguments. In 
(1), he states what motives prompted 
Mr. Dunham to offer a certain amend- 
ment, and then states what Mr. Dun- 
ham really meant instead of what he 
really said! (2) We object to this 
statement, that up to the Kenton meet- 
ing, Dec, 1907, "the farmers' side had 
scarcely been mentioned!" The cool as- 
sumption that Mr. Derthick and the 
Ohio Farmer and all who do not 
think as Mr. Freeman does, are 
not "on the farmer's side," is what we 
object to. During its whole life of 35 
years under the present ownership 
and management the Ohio Farmer has 
tried always to be "on the farmer's 
side" of every important question, and 
subsequent history has proved that it 
has been level-headed and on the right 
side. And we never more earnestly 
desired to be "on the farmer's side" 
than in all we have, written on taxa- 
tion. We give Mr. Freeman credit for 
honesty and earnestness in his views 
on taxation; he should give us and the 
thousands who differ from him exact- 
ly the same credit. (3) This "interpre- 
tation" is unworthy of Mr. Freeman. 
It imputes unworthy motives to those 
who differ from him on a certain eco- 
nomic question. The substitute was 
as follows: 

"First. That there should be appoint- 
ed a non-partisan tax commission rep- 
resenting the varied interests of the 
state, which commission in connection 
with the people thru their representa- 
tives, shall have power to revise our 
tax system from time to time as ne- 
cessity and experience suggest. Sec- 
ond. That the people should assume the 
management of their revenues and 
that the state constitution should per- 
mit such elasticity in our tax system 
as may be found necessary to raise 
needed revenues, equalize the burden 
of taxation more nearly than now, and 
result in the greatest prosperity to our 
commonwealth." We can not see "low 
rates to favored classes" in this, but 
simply a desire to trust the people, un- 
bound by old limitations, to make their 
own tax laws to fit actual present con- 
ditions. (3M.>) If, as Mr. F. says, this 
"tabled the whole matter," then it ta- 
bled also the report of the taxation 
committee favoring uniform rate and 
left the State Grange as a body not 
committed to either side: neither to 
the present constitutional restriction 
nor to its removal. (4) This amounts to 
saying that the same governmental ma- 
chinery which can colle't a fair and 
just tax can collect an unfair and un- 
just tax, and the next line under (4) 
implies that "policy" always conflicts 
with "principle." which is not true. St. 
Paul says: "All (these) things are 
lawful for me. but not all are expedi- 
ent." (5) "That no particular effort to 
enforce tax laws had been made." We 
say that every effort, including the "in- 
quisitor's tax law." had been made. 

(6) This report of "doctrines" is not 
accepted by the Ohio Farmer, nor by 
most of those who favor a change In 
our present (inoperative) tax laws. 

(7) The Grange "opposes double tax- 
ation in any form." But wo have 
shown, clearly we think, in fo-mer is- 
sues that the taxation of mortgages 
has been in the past and is likely to 
be in the future, double taxation. To 
tax the real estate represented by a 
■mortgage deed is to tax that which has 
already been taxed as represented by 
the warranty deed covering the same 
property. The mortgage-tax is in point 
of fact almost never paid (on the 
ground that it is double taxation and 
unjust) but the tax is always charged 



as excess interest to the bonower, just 
as if the lender had paid the tax, and 
this bears hardest of all upon the 
farmer. (8) This does not seem to us 
to place the Grange on either side, nor 
to endorse any action of the executive 
committee longer than to the next reg- 
ular meeting of the Grange itself and 
in this case the Grange did not endorse 
the action of Nov. 7. The fact is, the 
Grange, State and National, seems to 
us to be about equally divided between 
"uniform rate" and "classification." 
The State Grange laid the whole ques- 
tion on the table. The National 
Grange, we are informed, voted only 
21 to 15 for uniform rate with 14 not 
voting because undecided. Why did 
not Mr. Freeman give these figures, in- 
stead of implying that the vote carried 
with practical unanimity? We have 
not space to elaborate, but only to say: 
These are difficult economic and philo- 
sophic questions, to be settled by cool, 
impersonal arguments. To get heated, 
impute motives and call names will 
not help but greatly hinder their cor- 
rect solution. 

In justice to State Master Derthick 
it might be well to explain that all of 
his public utterances have been made 
asi an individual, that he did not 
claim to speak by authority of the 
Grange, and that, so far as we know, 
he spoke on taxation only upon invi- 
tation. 

There have been 
Statistical Record four distinct 
of 1907. waves of prosper- 

ity in the business 
of the country during the last forty 
years. The first began soon after the 
close of the Civil War and broke in 
1872. The second began in 1879 and 
culminated in a panic in 1884, which 
lasted until 1887 when another for- 
ward movement started. This third 
wave broke hard in 1893 and was fol- 
lowed by four years of business stag- 
nation. In 1897 the fourth wave was 
well under way, and this movement 
has lasted longer and has attained 
greater dimensions than any that has 
preceded it. In 1906 almost an unbrok- 
en line of records were made in trade 
and industry. The year 1907 started 
to outdo the records of the preceding 
year and the first ten months succeed- 
ed in practically every line except ag- 
riculture. Some people would have us 
believe that there has been such a 
thing as the "panic of 1907," and that 
we are now entering into the years of 
depression which follow such crises. 
The statistical review of the year, 
while showing some reverses, is never- 
theless a wonderful showing and the 
most convincing evidence of national 
prosperity. The production records 
show no evidence of a panic, but indi- 
cate a reserve wealth scarcely equalled 
by any previous year. The following ta- 
ble gives the agricultural yields, with 
comparisons with the highest yearly 
record. Figures are given in round 
numbers, the last three figures being 
omitted. 

AGRICULTURAL YIELDS. 

Past 

Crop. Yields. Record. Year. 

Corn, bu 2,592,320 2,927,416 1906 

Wheat, bu... 634.087 748,460 19ut 

Oats, bu 754,443 987.843 1902 

Barley, bu... 153,317 178,916 1906 

Rve, bu.. .. 31.566 33,631 1902 

Buckw't, bu. 14.290 22,792 1866 

Flaxseed, bu. 25.851 2.8,478 1905 

Potatoes, bu.. 297.942 332,830 1904 

Hay. tons . . 63.677 66.830 1889 

Tobacco, lb.. 69S.1.2G S21.824 1902 

Rice, bu 18.738 21.096 1904 

Cotton, bales. 12,000 13,600 1904 

Sugar, tons.. 1.53 1 . 1.470 1906 

Hops. lb.. .. 48.330 56,000 1906 

In the above table sugar is the only 
crop in which the 1907 yield surpasses 
all past records, but all are well above 
the ten-year average. The unfavora- 
ble weather durine the growing sea- 
sun was largely responsible for the de- 
creased yields. The early spring was 
cold and backward and in practically 
no section of the country were crops 
up to their normal condition at the 
beginning of August It was then gen- 
erally predicted that the total yield 
would fall far short of previous years. 
In view of these conditions the year's 
showing is a tribute to the skill and 
perseverance of the American farmer. 
And he is reaping his reward in the 
increased prices. The heavy domes- 
tic and export demands have kept 
prices well up and in total value of 
farm crops the year stands ahead of 
all past records. The following table 
gives the value of the farm crops.and 



comparisons with other high years. 

The last three figures are omitted in 
value columns. 

AGRICl LTURAL VALVES. 

Past Reoord 

Crop. Value. Records. Year. 

Corn $1,340,446 $1,166,626 1906. 

Wheat 554,437 518,373 1905 

Oats 334,568 306,293 1906 

Barley 102,058 74,236 190G 

Rye 23,068 24,589 1891 

Buckwh't . 9,975 16,812 1867 

Flaxseed . . 24,713 25,899 1906 

Potatoes . . 183,880 160,821 1905 

Hay . . . . 743,507 592,540 1906 

Tobacco . . 76,234 68,233 190G 

Rice . . . . 16,081 16,121 1900 

Cotton . . . 650,000 716,352 1906 

Total ...$7,412,000 $6,794,000 
This total is the largest ever reached 
and all crops except rye, buckwheat, 
flaxseed, cotton and rice exceed all 
previous records. The total receipts 
of the government for the fiscal year 
ending June 30, 1907, from customs re- 
ceipts, internal revenue, postoffice.etc, 
were $846,725,339, only 11.4 percent of 
the total value of the farm crops. Dur- 
ing the recent financial stringency 
the government authorized the loan of 
$150,000,000 by the sale of bonds, etc., 
and gold was imported to the sum of 
about $75,000,000. The total of money 
thus secured to relieve the scarcity of 
currency was $225,000,000, or about 
three percent of the value of the sea- 
son's crops. In other words when the 
farmers of this country bank, or by 
other means, put three percent of their 
year's income into circulation, they 
duplicate the effort of the government 
in correcting the financial depression 
and increase the total of money in cir- 
culation by seven percent. Other rec- 
ords which indicate the volume and 
value of business are shown in the 
following table, last three figures be- 
ing omitted: 

Past ree'ds. 
1907. 1906. 
Bank clearg's $144,200,000 $158,823,845 
Exports, mdse. 1,906,289 1.798,248 
1,430.884 1.320,609 
3,337,173 3,118,857 



Imports, mdse. 
Total trade... 
R. R. earn- 
ings (10 mo.) 
Circulation . . 
Building . . 
Pig iron output. 
Iron ore ship'ts. 
Immigration . 

Anthracite do. . 



1,503,468 
3,008.241 
583,000 
•25,200 
•41.288 
1,332,354 

•66.500 

175.000 



1,335,147 
2,734,000 
627,000 
25.307 
37.513 
1,227,000 
1905. 

61.410 
1903. 
650,000 



Labor strikers. 
•Tons. 

Estimated population, 86,666,000; in 
1906, 84,154,000. 

The increasing num- 
HorsEnoLD Lec- ber o f inquiries 
tures at Ohio which are coming to 
Institutes. us from various sec- 
tions of Ohio for ad- 
vice in securing suitable speakers on 
domestic topics for farmers' institutes 
indicates that it is fully time for Ohio 
to progress from the old custom of de- 
voting all of the institute lectures and 
funds to the problems that pertain 
mostly to the men's work on the farm. 
Mr. Blackford, one of the Ohio insti- 
tute speakers, has an interesting com- 
munication on this need on page 20 of 
this issue. We are years behind sever- 
al states in recognizing that the do- 
mestic side of farm life, the farm wo- 
men's wnrk and problems, constitute 
a "branch of business connected with 
the industry of agriculture," and 
should have state aid in institute in- 
struction on the same basis with the 
producing, the crop and stock raising 
branch. Illinois. Indiana. Kansas. Mich- 
igan, Minnesota, New York and Wis- 
consin are sending out to their insti- 
tutes, at state expense, lecturers on do- 
mestic topics. For several years many 
of the Ohio local institute associations 
have been trying to meet the wants of 
their farm housekeepers with abstract 
papers by local ability, by securing 
near-by speakers whose charges and 
expenses were within the $31.25 al- 
lowed by the state for local expenses, 
by subscription, or by admission fees 
at independent sessions, which had to 
be held after the institute proper be- 
ccuse the law forbids admission charg- 
es at state-aided institutes. It is ab- 
surd and unfair to oblige the institute 
associations to provide for this sort of 
instruction out of the pittance left of 
the $31.25 after necessary local expens- 
es are covered: to permit the domestic 
"branch of the industry of agriculture" 
(Continued on page 17.) 



Our Magazine Section 



LITERATURE 
POETRY 
HISTORY and 
INFORMATION 




The FARM BOY 

and GIRL 
SCIENTIFIC and 
MECHANICAL 



CLEVELAND, OHIO, JANUARY 18, 1908. 



The VanTilarcom Estate. 



Hy Helen Whitney Clark 



"A fine old place, ladies, tho a little 
out of a repair — a 1-i-t-t-l-e out — of — re- 
pair!" said the agent, extenuatingly. 

"Y — es," admitted Mrs. De Forest, 
doubtfully surveying .the roomy old 
country house, with its neglected, 
weed-grown lawn and garden. "It is, 
as you say, a little out of repair." 

"A little!" scouted Ermentrude, the 
eldest Miss De Forest. "Why, it's a 
perfect owl's nest! The shutters of the 
bay window are half off their hinges, 
and the hall paper is fairly mottled 
with the dampness!" 

"And the plaster in the parlor is 
cracked in a dozen places," chimed in 
the second sister, Lollita. 

"But it's a delightful old retreat, if 
it is a little out of repair," amended 
Bab, the youngest Miss De Forest, with 
all the enthusiasm of her eighteen 
years. 

Bab, with her usual impetuosity, had 
already made her way all over the 
house, from cellar to garret, while her 
sisters and aunt were still inspecting 
the first floor. 

"There isn't a whole pane of glass in 
the third story of the west wing," she 
added, cheerfully, "and the place is 
full of bats, and I thought I heard and 
got a glimpse of some ghost back in 
the dark end of the long hall, gliding 
into a darker room after the manner 
of day-time ghosts!" 

"What do you say, girls?" questioned 
Aunt De Forest, drawing her two eld- 
er nieces apart for a private consulta- 
tion. "Shall we decide to take the 
place? House rent is a great consider- 
ation to us, you know, and the Van 
Blarcoms offer it scot-free, 'to refined 
tenants,' ahem! 'who will take care of 
the property,' as they have decided to 
remain in Italy, and are averse to sell- 
ing the old homestead." 

"I say take it, if the agent will put 
it in repair," decided Ermentrude. 

"O, certainly! The place will be put 
in repair at once, and the rooms re- 
decorated," promised the agent, ur- 
banely, glad to have the matter settled 
so promptly. 

"We should like to take possession 
as soon as possible," hinted Mrs. De 
Forest, remembering the next month's 
rent, which was almost due. 

"The repairs shall be made at once," 
agreed the man of business. 

"And, if not too much trouble, you 
might recommend a young man to gar- 
den, and do odd jobs, "suggested Lol- 
lita, haughtily. 

"Certainly, certainly, I will do so," 
acquiesced the agent, obligingly. 

Mrs. De Forest and her nieces, hav- 
ing lost nearly all their worldly pos- 
sessions in the great San Francisco dis- 
aster, had made the best of their way 
on a refugee train to a small Missouri 
town, where they metaphorically threw 
themselves upon the bosom of their 
only known relative, a maternal un- 
cle of the three girls. 

The uncle, however, not being in the 
best of circumstances himself, was 
somewhat nonplussed by the sudden 
and unexpected advent of his dis- 
tressed relatives. 

"Of course we expect to make our 
own living as soon as possible, "said 
Aunt De Forest, with her handker- 
chief to her eyes. 

But as "Every woman her own milli- 
ner, dressmaker and fancy-worker" 
was the motto at Hazel Hill, and as 
such work composed the whole reper- 
toire of the De Forest capabilities, the 
question of their earning a livelihood 
seemed a precarious one, to say the 
least. 

However, the opportunity of secur- 
ing a desirable residence without any 
pecuniary consideration seemed really 
Providential, especially as much of the 



the furniture, tho, old-fashioned and 
considerably the worse for wear, still 
remained in the mansion house. 

Aunt De Forest, it seemed, had a 
small annuity, which she was fortun- 
ate enough to receive from the strick- 
en city, and on this they could live 
with some degree of comfort, for a time 
at least. 

"Thank Providence, we shall be able 
to pay the gardener's hire, and bity a 
few necessities, tho we may not live 
on the fat of the land, exactly," sighed 
the elder lady, resignedly. 

"Uncle Sylvester says there is a 
good market for butter and eggs, and 
for all the 'garden truck' we can 
grow," declared Bab, enthusiastically. 
"And he says there's lots of small fruit 
on the place, gooseberries, raspberries, 
and the like, which we can sell. And 
with a man to do the hard work, I'm 
sure I could raise all we shall eat of 
garden vegetables and have much to 
sell. 

"And won't it be just lovely, to live 
in the country, where we can sit un- 
der our own vine and fig tree, with no 
one to molest, or make us afraid! No 
rent-collector, anyway!" 

The repairs were completed at last, 
and the De Forests, much to their own 
satisfaction, took possession of their 
new home. The young man recom- 
mended by the agent, to garden and do 
odd jobs, made his appearance punctu- 
ally. He was quite a good-looking 
young man, with pleasant gray eyes, 
and a red-brown moustache; he seemed 
intelligent, too. 

"Really quite gentlemanly," admit- 
ted Lollita, "but we must not let him 
know we think so. He might grow too 
presuming." 

"You will take your meals in the 
kitchen," announced Ermentrude, on 
her first interview with the young gar- 
dener. "And I presume you will sleep 
over the stable." 

"Anywhere that's convenient," 
agreed the employe. "It's quite imma- 
terial where I eat or sleep. Pity the old 
house has been so neglected," he add- 
ed, gazing at the dilapidated west 
wing. 

"We shall not need your opinion 
about the condition of the house," she 
returned, coldly. "All that is required 
of you is to attend to your own du- 
ties." And shaking out the folds of her 
stiffly-starched calico dress Ermen- 
trude rustled away with all the digni- 
ty of a society belle. 

"I wanted to impress him, and teach 
him to know his place," she explained 
to Aunt De Forest and Lollita, "but it 
was really hard to ke p ii a straight face, 
he seemed so surprised. I suppose the 
farmers where he has worked have 
been in the habit of treating him like 
one of the family. He went off meekly 
enough, tho," she added, laughing. 

The spacious rooms of the old man- 
sion had been re-decorated, according 
to promise, and the family purse was 
strained to the utmost in supplying the 
necessary articles of furniture, simple 
tho they were. Some cheap matting 
and one or two rugs for the floors, mus- 
lin curtains to the windows, with lam- 
brequins and mantel scarfs evolved by 
Ermentrude's skillful fingers, and a 
few pretty chromos and engravings on 
the walls made the house Lome-like 
and attractive. 

Lollita had a fancy for flowers, and 
with her supervision the oval and 
heart-shaped beds in front of the build- 
ing were put in order, and planted 
with carnations, China pinks, petunias, 
nasturtiums, verbenas, various-colored 
zinnias, balsams, and marigolds. While, 
in due season wistarias, clematis, sear- 
let-runners, moonflowers and passion- 
vines twined about the posts and pil- 



larc . of porches and verandas; and 
hanging baskets of ferns, and ground- 
ivy ornamented the long French win- 
dows and balconies. 

As for Bab, she declared her inten- 
tion of raising pumpkins and speckled 
beans, and all sorts of things that 
they could eat or sell. 

But her sisters frowned on the 
scheme. "It's the gardener's place to 
plant the vegetables," they informed 
her. 

"I don't care whose place it is," re- 
torted Bab, defiantly. "I choose to 
plant them myself, and I intend to do 
so." 

Altho the young gardener gave ex- 
cellent satisfaction to his employers, 
and showed no signs of presumption, 
he continued to take his meals in 
the kitchen, and to sleep over the sta- 
ble, and if, by chance, his duties 
brought him into contact with either 
Miss Ermentrude, or Miss Lollita, they 
treated him with the cold toleration 
they might have bestowed on an East 
Indian thug, or a Dyak head-hunter, 
who had chanced to cross their path. 

But Bab, the younger sister, who was 
something of a tomboy, was soon 
hand-in-glove with the young factotum, 
John Hildreth._ 

She planted the greater part of the 
vegetable garden, under John's direc- 
tions, and kept her word in regard to 
the pumpkins and speckled beans, fol- 
lowing patiently in the wake of John 
as he planted the long rows of corn, 
carefully dropping the exact number 
of beans and pumpkin-seeds to a hill, 
according to his directions. 

"But don't you think it a waste of 
corn, John, to drop six grains to a 
hill," she asked, "when you only want 
three stalks, and have to pull up the 
other three?" 

"Well, you see, its this way, Miss 
Bab." John paused to wipe his sun- 
burned cheek on the corner of a hand- 
kerchief, which he wore around his 
neck for that very purpose. 

"Most farmers, in planting corn, go 
by the old rule, which says: 
'One for the blackbird, and one for the 
crow, 

One for the cutworm.and three left to 
grow.' " 

"Oh, I see!" confessed Bab. "And 
if the blackbird, and the crow and the 
cutworm don't claim their share, you 
have to pull 'em up!" 

"Exactly," admitted John. 

But one day, much later on, when 
the corn was in tassel, and the bean- 
vines with their pale, green pods were 
twined gracefully around the tall 
stalks, and the pumpkins were begin- 
ning to show their large, round, yellow- 
ing proportions from among the wide 
leaves, Bab stole bashfully to the 
house, with a beating heart and blush-, 
ing cheeks — to discover her sisters in 
tears. 

"Ermentrude — Lollie —what is it?" 
What is the matter'" she demanded, 
with a throb of self-reproach, that she 
had been so selfishly happy, while her 
sisters had been in trouble. 

"You may well ask what is the mat- 
ter," sobbed Lollita, while Ermentrude 
dried her eyes and bitterly explained: 
"The matter is that the Van Blarcoms 
are going to sell the place" — 

"Sell the old homestead? This— this 
place?" gasped Bab. almost dazed by 
the suddenness of the announcement. 

"This place, to be sure, reiterated 
Ermentrude. "The agent has been here 
to tell us that they have already sailed 
from Italy, and will be here in a short 
time, to meet the purchaser here, and 
complete the bargain. And of course we 
shall be turned out at short notice! 
Aunt is completely prostrated." 

Bab had no consolation to give; she 



had become attached to the rambling 
old place partly for reasons unknown 
to the others, and it wrung her very 
heart-strings to think that they must 
give it up. 

"Perhaps, tho, it will turn out for 
the best," she ventured, weakly. 

"Perhaps it won't!" snapped Lollita, 
angrily. And finding that she had no 
oil to cast on the troubled waters, Bab 
stole sorrowfully away to the meadow- 
bars, leading into the lane, where she 
met John on his way home with a 
forkful of new hay for the horses. 

"0, John," cried Bab, as he drew 
near, "we — we can't be married at 
corn-harvest time, after all, because 
the Van Blarcoms are on their way 
home, and they are going to sell the 
old place, right away! And Aunt is 
nearly prostrated!" 

"What is that, sweetheart?" John 
threw the hay on the ground, leaned 
his fork against a tree, and took pret- 
ty Bab in his arms. "Sell the old place? 
Well, let them sell it, dearest! I have 
good health, and a strong pair of arms, 
and I think I can provide for my little 
wife, and the aunt and sisters, too!" 

"O, John, will you? How good and 
kind you are, after they have behaved 
so — so shockingly to you, too!" 

"What of that?" asked John, caress- 
ing her tenderly. "They are your sis- 
ters, and your aunt, and it is only my 
duty to provide for them. Besides, they 
treated me simply as city people usual- 
ly treat coachmen and gardeners and 
men of all work." 



Aunt De Forest and her three nieces 
were gathered in the simply-furnished 
parlor, when the agent and a fresh- 
faced, elderly lady, attired in black, 
appeared on the scene. 

"My dear Mrs. De Forest, and you, 
too, girls," said Mrs. Van Blarcom, 
smilingly, when the introductions had 
been duly pronounced, "how can I 
thank you for the exquisite care you 
have given to the dear old homestead? 
Indeed it is dear to me," she added, 
"and I should never dream of selling 
it to strangers, but my nephew, who 
is about to be married, has a great lik- 
ing for the place, and has offered me 
such a liberal price for it, that I really 
could not refuse him. He promised to 
meet me here : " 

At that moment a knock sounded on 
the door, and Ermentrude hastened to 
answer the summons. It was John, the 
gardener, who stood on the threshold. 

Ermentrude frowned. 

"Be so good as to wait until our vis- 
itor has gone," she commanded. 

John bowed respectfully. "But it is 
the visitor I wish to see," he rejoined. 
And before Ermentrude could frame an 
answer to such an insolent remark, 
Mrs. Van Blarcom rushed to the door 
and threw her arms around the in- 
truder's neck. 

"My dear, dear nephew!" she cried, 
and what happened after that seemed 
all a chaotic confusion to the De For- 
est* family. John, the gardener and fac- 
totum, who had been compelled to 
take his meals in the kitchen, and to 
sleep in the stable; who had been flout- 
ed and looked down upon, and consid- 
ered beneath their notice; was it pos- 
sible, could it be possible, that this 
same John was the nephew of Mrs. 
Van Blarcom. and the propective pur- 
chaser of the old estate 

But It was a still greater surprise 
when John, taking Bab's hand, led her. 
blushing, to his aunt, and presented 
her as his future bride. 

"That is if her relatives are willing 
she should marry tv.p Vred man," he 
added, with a smile 

At this speech Aunt De Forest 
came very near being prostrated again, 



1(_) — 62 [Magazine Section.] 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 18, 1908. 



but fortunately warded off the attack 
for the time being, and willingly gave 
her sanction to the alliance of the 
young lovers, while Ermentrude and 
Lollita had the grace to beg pardon of 
their prospective brother-in-law, for the 
contumely with which he had been 
treated. 

But John, soon allayed their qualms 
by declaring that all old scores were 
forgiven in consideration of the prize 
he had won. 

"Besides," he continued, "when I 
took the place of hired man and facto- 
tum I had no right to expect any other 
treatment than that usually accorded 
by city people to servants." 



"But," replied Aunt De Forest, "when 
we saw, as we couldn't he'p doing, that 
you were an educated gentleman, we 
ought to have 'risen to the occasion,' 
and I'm ashamed that we didn't, as it 
seems Bab did." 

"But how did you happen to come 
here, as our gardener, in the first 
place?" asked Bab, that evening. 

John smiled, a little sheepishly. 

"If I must admit it, little girl, the 
truth is I had been looking over the 
old place, in my white duck suit, the 
very day you came to inspect it, with 
your aunt and sisters, and I was back 
in the west wing, among the bats, 



when you peeped in at the door. And, 
of course, I kept back in the dark 
and — fell in love with you at sight. 
And so I persuaded the agent to recom- 
mend me as a suitable hand when he 
said you wanted one. And the rest you 
know! " 

"Yes, of course!" laughed Bab, "and 
that's the ghost I knew I saw and 
heard. But — take care, John, aunt is 
coming! Let go of me!" 

"What puzzles me is to know how 
you could be such a good gardener and 
farm hand," admitted Mrs. De For- 
est, in a confidential tete-a-tete with 
her nephew-in-law to be. "You were 
not brought up to it, I'm sure." 



"Not exactly, my good auntie, but I 
graduated from our State Agricultural 
College, and I worked for a year at the 
State Experiment Farm, in Columbia. 
I prefer farming to any other occupa 
tion," added John, "and that is one 
reason I bought this old bungalow. 
Bab is fond of it, too, and to please 
her I am going to renovate the wholu 
of the west wing, to which she has tak- 
en a fancyi" 

Aunt De Forest laughed good-na- 
turedly. 

"And I dare say you would try to 
purchase the moon, and renovate it, if 
Bab took a fancy to it," she declared, 
indulgently. 



Telephoning Without Wires. 



THE telephone, which is now a 
business and household neces- 
sity nearly everywhere, was 
invented within the memory of 
a large proportion of the peo- 
ple who are living today. It was con- 
sidered a remarkable invention and an 
interesting fad by scientists for years 
before it was given serious considera- 
tion as a device of everyday utility. 
Even when, with the assistance of an 
electrical current, the sound of the 
voice could be suc- 
cessfully transmit- 
ted for a mile or 
more, it was only 
thought to be a de- 
vice that would be 
useful in connect- 
ing two par'ies, one 
•with the other. 
Only a few days 
ago the writer was 
talking with a gen- 
tleman who has 
been one of the 
greatest factors in 
promoting the tele- 
phone in Ohio. He 
told of his early ac- 
quaintance with the 
inventor of the tele- 
phone and of the 
great trouble that 
was experienced *t 
interesting the pub- 
lic in the device. 
Finally, a great 
harvester machine 
company in Spring- 
field, O., grasped 
the possibilities of 
the device and in- 
stalled telephones 
connecting the fac- 
tory departments 
with the main of- 
fice. But in the 
main office there 
was a 'phone over 
which to speak 
with each depart- 
ment — over a dozen 
in all! Then came 



our homes or offices, in country or 
city, and talk to some one five hun- 
dred miles away with no more exertion 
than is necessary when we talk to our 
next-door neighbor. From a fad and a 
luxury the telephone has grown to be 
an actual necessity, without which the 
activities of the business and social 
world in city and country would be 
sadly crippled. 

Several years ago the newspapers 
published accounts, from time to time, 



r.mong which the most talked of were 
those of De Forest and Marconi. 
These men were so successful that now 
practically every great trans-oceanic 
freight or passenger vessel is equipped 
for wireless communication with shore 
and with other ships. At all times on 
their way across the Atlantic Ocean, 
ships are in wireless communication 
with one or both shores. Stations at 
Cleveland, O.. have intercepted mes- 
sages from ships well out to sea off 




S. BATTLESHIP 



-One of the Great Fleet Under Adn 



It was a unique little paper. 

Last summer, while attending the 
annual Inter-Lake Regatta at Put-in- 
Bay, I had accepted an invitation to 
step aboard Commodore Huntington's 
yacht Thelma, and noticed what I con- 
sidered an unusual-looking marine in- 
strument on a table in the cabin. Be- 
ing unable to figure out what the thing 
was, I made bold to inquire, and was 
told by the genial Commodore that it 
was a wireless telephone! "A what?" 

I asked again. "A 
wireless telephone," 
he repeated. I must 
have shown by my 
looks that I could 
hardly credit the 
statement, but that 
was hardly to be 
wondered at, for 
here was the first 
instrument in the 
world for the trans- 
mission of the hu- 
man voice without 
the use of wires. 
The other station 
was on shore near 
the boat landing, 
and tests were be- 
ing made daily, the 
Thelma taking up 
her position at va- 
rious positions and 
distances about the 
islands and estab- 
lishing communica- 
tion with the shore 
station. At that 
time they succeed- 
ed in talking over 
a distance of about 
four miles. 

That was the be 
ginning of what is 
destined to be a 
great system of 
c o m m u n ication. 
Why may not the 
wireless telephone 
displace the wire- 
less telegraph very 
largely — except for 





THK I NSTK I " M KN'TS I'SKP IN 

the development of the telephone in- 
strument, the utilization of the elec- . 
trical current in transmission of the 
sound of the voice, and finally the in- 
vention of the central switchboard by 
which different parties could t»e con- 
nected. This made the plan complete, 
and improvements innumerable have 
been made until today we can sit in 



wmi 



•I KPHONK MTAIlATt'S INSTAI.I.Kn < 'N BOARD SHIP. 



of tests that were being made with a 
system of wireless telegraphy, but the 
whole thing was so incongruous, so 
weird and seemingly so impossible, 
that it was hard to believe. But the in- 
ventors knew their business, and mind- 
ed it. working hard to perfect their 
new systems of communication. We say 
"systems" because there were several, 



Cape Hattcras. The ships of the Great 
l akes are equipped to send and re- 
ceive messages. Several years ago, 
upon landing at a beautiful island har- 
bor in the North Pacific Ocean I was 
solicited to buy, and did buy, p daily 
called the "Wireless." which contained 
news delivered from the California 
Coast by wireless telegraph each day. 



code communh ation? And if commun- 
ication can be carried on without 
wires, why should this enormous ex- 
pense not be discontinued altogether? 
Are there not great possibilities in it? 

The United States government Is 
ever xm the alert for new and useful 
inventions — especially in the army 
and navy departments. But unless an 



Jan. 18, 1908 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



(.Magazine Suction.] 11 — 63 



invention has real worth it is never 
accepted for use. Therefore the accept- 
ance of an invention by the army or 
navy is as high a credit as can be 
given it. This mark has been placed 
upon Dr. Lee De Forest's wireless tel- 
ephone system, and the fleet that is 
now steaming southward toward the 
Horn to round into the Pacific Ocean, 
is completely equipped with wireless 
telephones. Admiral Dvans can actu- 
ally speak any ship in the fleet from 
the flagship Connecticut, and converse 
with her commander without depend- 
ing upon code flag or wig-wag. From 
time immemorial the only system of 
communication between ships of the 
navy has been the code and the wig- 




THE AUDICN — PART OF THE RECEIVING AP- 
PARATUS. (Full size.) 

wag. The former consists of elevat- 
ing the various code flags in certain 
succession or groups, each having its 
exact significance. This system had to 
be interpreted by the signal officers 
of the various ships. The wig-wag sys- 
tem is a sort of telegraph system car- 
ried on by means of a small square 
flag on a staff, which is manipulated 
by a jackie under the direction of the 
ship's signal officer. Compared with 
wireless telephony both systems are 
laborious and cumbersome. The U. S, 
government is the first to utilize the 
new system of communication, and the 
warships of the fleet now under way to 
reach our Western coast next May are 
the only ones in the world so equipped. 
Admiral Evans is particularly proud 
of this fact. 

It would not be advisable to attempt 
a detailed description of the system 
here and now, but a brief statement of 
what it is and how it works will cer- 
tainly interest our readers. Like wire- 
less telegraphy, wireless telephony is 
carried on thru the. production of elec- 
tric waves that pass thru the atmos- 
phere and other substances, solid as 
well. They travel at the same velocity 
as light, 186,000 miles per second. The 
production and transmission of these 
waves is practically the same in wire- 
less telephony as it is in wireless tel- 
egraphy. In the catching or interrupt- 
ing of these delicate wa\^ impulses, 
however, there is a great difference f">- 
tween the two systems. In wireless tel- 
egraphy it is possible to work the fa- 
miliar Morse dot and dash system with 
five interruptions per second, while in 
the wireless telephone work che vibra- 
tions come at the rate of from 500 per 
second, for a man's voice, to 20,000 per 
second for the overtones. Any one of 
several receiving devices may be suc- 
cessfully used in the wireless tele- 
graph system, but the telephone re- 
ceiver must, of necessity, be a very 
delicate device. The instrument used 
is called the Audion, and it looks 
something like an incandescent lamp. 
It is shown in one of the illustrations 
presented herewith. 

In the words of Mr. Franklin H. 
Peed, one of the best electrical author- 
ities: "The process, stripped of its 
complications, consists of creating the 



waves for carrying the energy by what 
may be called a series of electrical ex- 
plosions. On the great fundamental eth- 
eric waves, which ma be likened to the 
large waves set up in water by the 
falling of a stone, he causes tiny wave- 
lets, due to the action of an ordinary 
telephone transmitter, to ride. Trains 
of waves thus bearing their delicate 
burdens rush off in their ever-widen- 
ing course, and an instant later a por- 
tion of their path is intercepted by 
the wires extending upward into the 
air at the receiving-station. The elec- 
trical energy prefers to follow the me- 
tallic path thus provided to continu- 
ing on thru space, and moves down the 
wire to the earth. In this path is in- 
terposed a receiving device which al- 
lows the main waves to pass, but gath- 
ers out all the energy in the wavelets 
created by the action of the transmit- 
ter into which words were spoken. 

"Apparatus for receiving the voice 
energy is of a comparatively simple 
character. An antenna is erected to di- 
vert to earth a portion of the energy 
in the electromagnetic waves, and con- 
densers, built up of plates of a metal 
which is a good conductor of electrici- 
ty, separated by layers of air, together 
with coils of wire, are connected in 
such a way as to tune the antenna to 
the same electrical pitch as the one at 
the sending-station. Once this tuning 
apparatus has been adjusted, electrical 
oscillations are set up in the circuit 
when subjected to the repeated impact 
of the waves, in the same way 
that the repeated sounding of a 
note on a musical instrument will 
set in vibration other objects which 
give out a similar tone. In this receiv- 
ing circuit, thru which passes the ener- 
gy absorbed from the waves, is includ- 
ed some receiving device which will 
respond to every slightest fluctuation 
of electrical current. The effect of this 
receiving device is to magnify the 
weak fluctuations, giving them suffi- 
cient strength to operate an ordinary 
telephone receiver. The latter instru- 
ment retransforms the electrical 
waves into sound-waves, which unite 
to produce words similar to those spok- 
en into the distant transmitter." 

On the preceding page are shown the 
instruments used in wireless tele- 
phony. The receiver frame fits over 
the head like those used by the oper- 
ators at ordinary telephone "centrals." 
The transmitter is also shown with the 
ordinary telephone "mouthpiece." The 
small instrument between the receiver 
and transmitter in the left-hand pic- 
ture is a telegraph key that is used for 
calling the party desired. It may also 
be used as a wireless telegraph. 

At present the wireless 'phone is 
known to operate successfully over 
sixty-five miles of water. It ha"s not 
been experimented with much on land.. 
There is no doubt but that the range 
of the instruments will be greatly in- 
creased within a short time. The 
sound of the voice is clearer than with 
the wire telephones as there is no buz- 
zing of the wires- to contend with. The 
army department has appropriated the 
sum of five thousand dollars for experi- 
mental work in wireless telephony. 
One eminent authority states his firm 
belief that the experiments that have 
already been made warrant the state- 
ment that wires for telephoning will 
cease to be a feature of the telephone 
business. This will be seen to be 
quite an item when it is recalled that 
the Bell telephone system alone uses 
6,500,000 miles of wire. It also is said 
to cost 22i/2 million dollars annually 
to maintain the poles of the telegraph 
and telephone systems in America. — J. 
F. C. 



Down the Mississippl.ii. 



"By JOHN F. CUNNINGHAM. 



"GWINE AWAY." 

BY BERTA HART NANCE. 

Up and down de cotton rows 
Seems tuh me a whisper goes, 
'N' ever day it louder grows, 
"I'm gwine away tuh leave yeh." 

Ta-a-ake de banjo up p i play, 
Neveh sounded that-away, 
All de chunes jus' seem tuh say, 
"I'm gwine away tuh leave yen." 

Let the bucket down the well, , 
Hyar the rusty preachin' bell, 
Ever'thing jus' seems tuh tell. 
"I'm gwine away tuh leave yeh." 



The type of boat used upon the riv- 
ers of the central United States is one 
that has been evolved for the naviga- 
tion of shallow streams such as the 
Mississippi and its tributaries. There 
are times when there is plenty of wa- 
ter in these rivers and there are other 
times when the going requires very 
careful work. At some seasons navi- 
gation of the Ohio, for instance, must 
be suspended altogether. 'ihis is gen- 
erally between September first and 
January first. Therefore the boats are 
as shallow draft as can possibly be 
built and not be top heavy. They have 
good beam, or width, and this gives 
them the required stability to stand 
up with high upper works and fre- 
quently with a heavy deck load. They 
have a very "nousy" appearance and 
have not the pretty lines of craft that 
travel deep waters and which must be 
built to withstand a wash or heavy sea. 
The river boats are all built with flat 
bottoms; some hulls are of steel but 
most of them are of wood. They are 
sometimes loaded down with cotton un- 
til, the lower deck is under water. 

As stated in the last magazine all 
freight and all passengers enter the 
boat over the forecastle deck, or the 
lower deck, forward. From this deck 
a wide stairway leads to the cabin 
deck, above. The forward part and 
the sides of this deck are also used 
for freight while the greater part of 
it is occupied by the cabin. The cabin 
of one of these river boats is like a 



like it before the war. Of course 
those boats were not lighted with elec- 
tricity and were not provided with 
modern conveniences. But doubtless 
they were just as comfortable in 
many ways, and in fact, in some 
ways, they would ha"" been bet- 
ter to sleep on than the boat 
of today. One night we were trying to 
put in a good night's rest in one of the 
"noiseless" state rooms which was just 
over the ship dynamo. There was no 
sleep to be had, however, until the 
blamed thing "busted" or slipped the 
belt or something, and all the lights 
on the boat went out. Then some rich 
African voice away down in the steer- 
age piped up, "Where was Moses when 
the light went out?" — but » e hardly 
heard the last words. The quietness 
and the dark were so soothing that 
we were sound alseep almost as soon 
as the light faded from mo filaments 
in the incandescent lamps. But as a 
rule these boats are very quiet and it 
is a fact with one of the ^oats which 
we traveled upon, that one could not 
tell whether the boat was under way 
or not without looking outside. 

Of course one will be interested in 
his fellow passengers. There was net 
a heavy passenger list at the season 
of the year in which we were traveling 
(November), so we had plenty of op- 
portunity to see and know every one 
aboard. Everyone is cordial on these 
boats, with rare exceptions. The boat 
companies make it a rule for their 




"QUAWTAH LESS TWAIN." 



long room, extending practically the 
entire length of the boat. There are no 
divisions in it — just one big cabin. 
The "men's cabin" is the forward end 
of the main cabin and here the men 
are supposed to remain while smoking. 
Men unaccompanied by ladies are sup- 
posed to remain here at all times. The 
bar j room is also located at the men's 
end of the cabin. Of this we shall have 
more to say later. The ladies' cabin" 
is at the extreme aft ■:• end of the 
main cabin. There is no dividing wall 
between it and the rest ot the cabin, 
but their portion is generally carpet- 
ed and furnished with easy chairs. 
There is also a piano there and the 
boat running south from Memphis also 
had a fine talking machine with a full 
line of first-class record. 

As soon as we were well under way 
and the evening hd become so dark 
that we could see little outside we 
■were naturally interested in sizing up 
the inside of the cabin which was to 
be our home for a few days. Really 
the general appearance of the cabins 
of these river steamers is quite cozy 
when the lights are lit and everybody 
is sitting around wonderin. what there 
will be to eat for supper. There are 
several things to occupy one's mind. 
First you make mental note of the sur- 
roundings and possibly comment up- 
on them to yourself ot to your com- 
panion. Here is a type of boat that is 
rather ancient. They used boats very 



boat officers and men to become ac- 
quainted with the passengers to t;ie 
extent of answering questions and 
making them enjoy their trip. Then 
there is always the congenial fellow 
traveler who, like yourself, is looking 
for some pleasant way in which to 
dispose of his time. The first meet- 
ing of the passengers is generally at 
the table, and after a meal or two you 
begin to feel that you really belong 
there and come to know people by 
where they sit at the table. 

The table, by the way, h quite an 
important factor in the pleasures of 
the trip. Here is where the company 
makes good some of the money which 
you pay them. If anything the meals 
are too elaborate. One does not need 
an immense meal, three times a day. 
when he is traveling on one of these 
easy-moving boats, which have not 
even the jar of the railway train to 
keep the appetite stirred up. Still the 
cooks on the steamboats insist on mix- 
ing up the best of foods in the finest 
of fashions and setting it all before 
you in such elaborate quantities that 
you are ashamed not to eat; and you 
just sail in and make a hog of your- 
self often to the subsequent uneasiness 
of your internal machinery. But a 
brisk walk on the upper or texas deck, 
will keen you in fair trim. 

The tables are set right out in th* 
main cabin. There are no special din- 
ing-rooms cn these steamers. Every- 



12— 64 [Magazine Section.] 



THE OHO FARMER. 



Jan. 18, 1908. 



body sits down at once, boat officers, 
men, women and children. Ladies and 
their escorts are seated at the table 
nearest the ladies' end of the cabin. 
Then come the men passengers, and 
at the men's end of the cabin the boat 
officers are seated. The table help, is 
black, as is all of the help on the boat, 
and they are careful and courteous 
waiters. They are ^ot looking for 
large tips at all times, but a small one, 
of course, does no harm. 

After supper the first evening aboard 
wife and I were taking a stroll around 
the texas deck, when the ship bell 
tolled twice. We were out in mid- 
stream and we were at a loss to know 
what the Jig ial meant. But we soon 
found out. Going forward we found 
a big black stevedore perched up on 
the rail of the texas, repeating in a 
rather musical manner after one of 
the boatmen, who was on the forecas- 
tle deck below, a strange lot of words 
r — "Quarter less twain," "Mark twain," 
"Quarter twain," "Quarter less three," 
etc. These are the terms used in call- 
ing the results of the soundings that 
are taken below when the boat is 
known to be in shallow water. These 
soundings are taken by "heaving the 
lead" or dropping into the water a 
weight on the end of a line, which is 
marked to show the depth to which it 
goes. The men become very expert at 
taking these soundings and can call 
them immediately the lead touches 
bottom, even on the darkest night. In 
calling or singing the depth it 
is called in feet up to ten feet. 
Above that the terms are as 
follows: Quarter less twain, 10% 
leet. Mark twain— 12 feet, or two fath- 
oms. Quarter twain— 13% feet. Half 
twain— 15 feet. Quarter less three— 
16i/. feet. Mark three— 18 feet, or three 



fathoms. After that "no bottom." 
The singing of the soundings had a 
sort of fascination for me. They are 
sung with a sort of tune — half spoken 
and half sung — and especially in the 
dead of night have a weird but pleas- 
ing effect. It may not be generally 
known that they must have had the 
same effect upon a certain great humor- 
ist who used to run as pilot on one of 
the Mississippi River boats. For Sam- 
uel L. Clemens is much better known 
by his pen name — Mark Twain — than 
by his own real name. The call "no 
bottom" must also have ,had a deep ef- 
fect upon a certain nigger in the deck 
gang of the boat from St. Louis to 
Memphis, for whenever he was ordered 
to his place at the guy to swing the 
staging inboard or outboard to make 
a landing, he invariably accompanied 
the action of reaching down to get 
hold of the rope by drawling out to a 
tune of his own, and which was rath- 
er musical in its own way — "There 
a-aint no bottom daown, he-e-e-ayr." 
If I heard him sing that song once I 
heard him sing it twenty times in the 
days I was on the boat and happened 
to be watching him when he was or- 
dered to his post. When the pilot calls 
for soundings to be taken one tap in- 
dicates that the lead shall be heaved 
to starboard (right); two taps to lar- 
board or port (left). 

I have mentioned the texas deck 
several times. That is the upper deck, 
or hurricane deck, as it is called on 
most steamers. The structure that oc- 
cupies most of the deck is called the 
texas in reference to the state of Tex- 
as. It is a large deck house containing 
the cabins of the officers and the men's 
quarters. The pilot house is on top of 
it. 

(To be continued.) 



Fruit of the Desert 



'By E. L. VINCENT. 



CHAPTER IV. 



As he went to find the notary he 
congratulated himself that the first 
step had been taken in a movement to 
liberate the farmers of a wide section 
of the country from what had come to 
be an oppression that bade fair to be- 
come intolerable. 

But now this almost vacant room, 
the missing paper, the wild expression 
that showed itself in the eyes of Rob- 
ert Cameron and the still more excited 
words with which he met the young 
man— what did it all mean? Slowly the 
truth came out. From the almost in- 
coherent utterances of the old man he 
gathered up the threads of the story. 

No sooner had he left the room than 
Alice Gregg.turning to the sweet-faced 
daugbter, said in her most winning 
way: 

"Could you give me a glass of water, 
please? Somehow I am terribly thirs- 
ty " 

And she quickly went to bring the 
water The door had scarcely closed 
behind her when the stranger, with 
cat-like step slipped to it and turned 
the key in the lock. Then swiftly she 
went back and took up the paper which 
the old Scotchman had written. A 
flush of deepest interest now mantled 
her face. It was the first time in her 
life when Alice Gregg had bent her 
strength toward the accomplishment 
of a real crime, and as she went about 
this, her very soul was stirred to its 
depths. , . 

But this was not the first time she 
had stepped out upon the pathway of 
wrong She could not have told Just 
when the first departure from the 
straight road of right had been taken. 
Of that she was now altogether uncon- 
scious; but little by little since she 
had come under the influence of the 
man in whose office her work had been 
done for the past few months, a change 
had been coming into her nature. The 
things which looked so base that her 
soul started back from them in very 
horror had gradually come to look, if 
not altogether right, at least not de- 
cidedly wrong. The steel had been bent 
so manv times that now it had lost Us 
fine temper and could be turned and 
shaped as seemed most in accordance 
with the policy of her employer. She 
had finally come to feel that loyalty 
to her employer could, like "chanty. 



"cover a multitude of sins." 

Quickly she had formed her plans 
for the frustration of the plans of the 
farmer folk of Stoneham. It was a bold 
scheme which had taken possession of 
her. If she could carry it thru, it 
would surely bring her not only the 
praise of her employer and that of the 
men with whom he had seen fit to link 
his fortune in the business world, but 
also give her greater power for future 
ambitious undertakings. 

Stilling the beatings of her heart 
as well as she could and making a des- 
perate effort to bring her voice under 
command, she went over to the bed- 
side of Robert Cameron. 

"Was it for a man who might take 
your acknowledgement that Mr. Blake- 
ly went out? I was not thinking par- 
ticularly about it at the time, or I 
might have saved him the trouble. I 
am myself a duly qualified official of 
the law for that purpose. You see, we 
often have papers of this kind to exe- 
cute in the office at Stoneham and Mr. 
Stone secured my appointment some 
time ago. I see you have signed the 
paper. Do you acknowledge its execu- 
tion?" 

For a moment Robert Cameron was 
taken off his guard. Surely a woman 
who could smile like that could not do 
a wrong thing. He had misjudged her. 
At any rate, she was only the instru- 
ment of men far deeper in sin than 
she could possibly be. 

"Oh. aye," he began, unconscious of 
the train of thought which was passing 
in the woman's mind, "I writ my name 
there. I thoucht I micht as well ha'e it 
all doon when the man came." 

Then suddenly, catching with that 
keen glance of his something of the 
steely glitter that came into the eyes 
of Alice Gregg, much as she tried to 
keep every such expression hack, he 
quickly drew himself up and hurried to 
say: 

"But that does not make mo fast i' 
the eye o' the law! No, no! I dinna say 
I maket the paper. I winna dae that 
till they coom back! You're fair kind, 
but I winna dae it noo! You'll pit the 
paper doon an" wait!" 

But as if she did not hear a single 
word of all he said, Alice Gregg sat 
down at the desk which stood at one 
side of the room and wrote rapidly on 
the paper. It was all done in a mo- 
ment, and before Appy had returned 



with the cup of cool water she had 
opened the door and was there to meet 
her with a smile. The flush of the 
moment before had now faded and she 
was as pale as the white sheet which 
Cameron had thrown back from him 
in his longing to know what had been 
done to the paper the woman still held 
in her hand. 

"Appy, lass, bring me the paper!" 
he"' exclaimed. "Summat tells me a 
wrong has been done! Quick lass; bring 
it back!" 

But Alice Gregg had slipped past the 
daughter and the next moment she was 
out upon the street and in the carriage 
which had been in waiting for her. 

With a cry that showed his heart's 
distress the old man, in spite of his 
pain, half threw himself from the bed, 
as if to go in pursuit of the one who 
had done this shameless deed; but the 
next moment he sank back, overcome 
by the misery in his poor, crippled 
limbs. 

"I canna dae it, Appy, lass!" he 
cried. "She's done us sore wrong; but 
I canna help it! I canna help it!" 

"But I'll bring her back, father! " was 
the brave respon'se that came from 
the lips of Appy. "Here, let me help 
you back to the bed, and then I'll fol- 
low her like the wind! She shall not 
do it! I did not trust her more than 
you! She can smile as she will, her 
heart is a pit!" 

With arms grown strong from lift- 
ing her father so long, Appy placed 
him back on the bed and bidding him 
never fear, she sped out. 

"I heard the clatter o' the feet of her 
horse as he shot oot of the yard," the 
old man said as he finished the story. 
"She was away after the jade! She'll 
find her! Trust her for that! Appy's as 
keen on the scent as a hound on the 
track of a fox!" 

And the Scotchman had not placed a 
wrong estimate upon the ability of his 
daughter to run this human creature 
down to its covert. Throwing a saddle 
on the back of her horse with as much 
dexterity as the best trooper of the 
West might have done.Appy had leaped 
to the saddle and was soon scurrying 
down the street in hot pursuit of the 
fast disappearing carriage. 

First she chased the woman and her 
driver to the station of the railroad. 
Then, as if some sudden thought had 
come over her, the fair piotter seemed 
to have changed her course and direct- 
ed the carriage to be driven to the of- 
fice of the recorder of deeds for the 
city and county. 

When Miss Gregg stepped from her 
seat in the carriage, Appy stood there, 
her eyes flashing with the fire she had 
drawn from the Highland blood of her 
Scotch father. 

"You'll give me the paper!" she said 
•in a voice as firm and clear as any of- 
ficer armed with authority from the 
chief executive officer of the land 



might have used. "You have no right 
to it! I do not know what lies behind 
your act, but surely you have done a 
thing that would bring you to the pris- 
on!" 

The prison? The sound of the word 
for a single instant caused the woman 
to start back in spite of hc.se.lf. That 
was a word she had not dreamed of. 
She did not like it now that it was 
thrust upon her by this girl with eyes 
glinting like polished steel. Crushing 
in her hand the paper for which she 
had risked so much she stood there si- 
lently, as if discussing in her heart of 
hearts what was to he done in the face 
of this unexpected situation. It was 
only for one moment, however. She 
had not undertaken this enterprise 
without understanding, in some meas- 
ure, at least, the danger to herself 
which might follow, and with a fierce 
determination to win, her eyes flashed 
back the defiance of a woman at bay 
as she replied: 

"You say I am in danger of the 
bars. Do you know what you are say- 
ing? That is a strong word to use! I 
will show you that it is you who have 
made yourself liable for the law's 
strong arm! Come in here! I am will- 
ing to place this matter before the of- 
ficer and let him decide between us! 
I have no time to lose, either! Come!" 

Appy put out a hand as if to check 
the bold schemer; then she thought, 
"It will be just as well to let that go! 
Surely there will be only one outcome 
of it all!" 

And together they went up the steps 
and in where the County Recorder was 
sitting. 

"Here is a paper I wish you to re- 
cord, sir, "Miss Gregg said calmly. "I 
will pay the fee." 

She passed the paper over to the of- 
ficer and took out her purse. 

Then Appy bent forward and inter- 
rupted. 

"And I forbid you to do it! The pa- 
per is not right! She came by it wrong- 
fully!" 

The words were still on her lips 
when Harry Blakeley, following the 
trail thru the gathering twilight of the 
day, pressed his way into the presence 
of the three. 

From one to another the official 
looked in a puzzled way. It was evi- 
dent that all was not right, but what 
was the wrong? He could do nothing 
but wait 

Harry stooped over the shoulder of 
the official and looked at the docu- 
ment as it lay spread out in the man's 
hands. With emotions which may be 
better imagined than described he 
saw that a change had been made in 
the name of the person to whom the 
land was conveyed by the deed! 

"That name is a forgery!" he de- 
clared, reaching over and pointing to 
the line where the change had been 
made. 

(To be continued.) 



"One of the Least of These." 

By EDWIN CARLILE LITSEY. 



(Concluded from Jan. 4. Magazine Sec- 
tion.) 



Night came down blackly, and a 
sudden cloud loomed ominously on the 
horizon. The man speeding swiftly 
along the familiar trail felt a quick 
gust of wind, and heard the trees rust- 
ling above his head. The wind smelled 
of rain, and the mountaineer was glad. 
Nothing could favor his night's work 
more than a storm. The devious moun- 
tain road brought him at one place to 
a high elevation, and here he saw that 
his hopes were to be realized. From 
the west billows of jet were hurrying 
on silent wings, hiding the trembling 
stars as they came, and in and out of 
their sable bulk ran vivid streaks of 
flame. He touched the sensitive flank 
of the horse with the spur on his heel, 
and the animal plunged forward with 
a snort and took a pace full of danger 
both for its rider and itself. But Tom 
never thought of a possible mishap. 
The pain-drawn face of the little-un was 
always before his eyes. The doctor had 
said there was a chance, and a hundred 
dollars would buy it. The town was 
still eight miles away, but the night 
was young. 

He was in a gorge when the storm 
broke, and the wind came shrieking 
down it like a legion from hell. It 



beat him and tore at his clothes, but 
Tom only smiled, and rode on. The 
worst it could do would not be too 
bad; he needed the protection this up- 
roar of nature afforded. From the vio- 
lence of its beginning he feared the 
storm would be short, but mile after 
mi'e slipped under the feet of the run- 
ning horse, and still the wind roared 
and the rain' poured in torrents. Pre- 
occupied as he was, he thundered in«o 
the town before he was aware of its 
proximity. He pulled his quivering 
beast up short, and peered about him. 
No one was stirring. People went to 
bed early here, and the few who were 
up did not care to venture out in such 
weather. Tom sat a moment and 
thought of Gus's parting injunction, 
then turned his horse's head to the left 
and rode slowly forward. He passed a 
few scattered houses, which were dark, 
and finally drew up in the rear of a 
small brick building. From the front of 
this building a sickly gleam straggled 
out into the darkness, to be instantly 
submerged in the thick night. Tom got 
down and hitched his tired animal to 
a fence, and without any ado tried the 
back door. It was locked. He gritted 
his teeth in disappointment, felt for 
hi; hip pocket until his palm closed 
over a familiar object, then warily ad- 
vanced, keeping close to the wall. The 



.Tax. 18, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



[Magazine Section.] ]3 — G~) 



slorm had not abated in the least, and 
sheets of rain were driven against his 
back as he crept along in a crouching 
posture. Gaining the front, he peeped 
cautiously thru a window. A well- 
dressed man was seated at a desk writ- 
ing in a large book by the light of a 
small lamp. He was the cashier of the 
First National Bank of Ringville, an 
institution but recently established by 
some local capitalists. By some strange 
decree of Providence he had come to 
the bank that night to work on his 
books. 

Tom Batlin did not wait an instant. 
He walked boldly to the front door. It 
had been left unlocked, for no one 
would come on such a night— and he 
went in. The cashier heard the door 
close, and looked up. An expression of 
terror sprang to his face, and he began 
to fumble under the desk at which he 
sat, with both hands. Tom's long pis- 
tol came up and covered his breast. 

"Git yo' han's up whar I kin see 
'em, 'n' lay 'em on thet dest!" he com- 
manded. 

The man obeyed, trembling visibly. 

"I don't mean yo' no hurt," went on 
Tom, "but yo' mus' do whut I say. I 
gotter have a hun'erd dollars, 'n' I 
gotter have it mighty quick!" 

His eyes were blazing, and the hand 
which held the pistol was steady. 

"I haven't but five dollars, and you 
are welcome to that," answered the 
cashier, his fingers flying to his vest 
pocket. 

"This be the bank, I take it?" quer- 
ied Tom. 

"Yes, this is the First National 
Bank, and it is under the protection of 
tbe government." 

"Guv'ment be damned! Ain't thar a 
hunderd dollars here?" 

"Yes, but it belongs to the govern- 
ment." 

"The guv'ment owes it to me, 'n' 
I've come to collect. Lis'n. Las' night 
the guv'ment shot my little boy. The 
doctor sa}:; thar's one chanct, 'n' thet 
thanct costs one hun'erd dollars. 'N' 
I 'low fur the guv'ment to pay thet 
lull! Quick! The money or a hole thu 
jo*!" 

The speaker came closer, so that the 
n: i^.zle of his weapon almost touched 
the breast of the other man. 

"I'll get it," said the cashier, white 
v :th fear. "It's locked up. Wait a min- 
ute." 

He got down from his stool, opened 
the door of the vault in the rear of the 
room, and went in. Very soon he ap- 
peared with a package of bills in his 
hands. 

"How much yo' got thar?" asked 
Tom. 

' One hundred dollars." 

"Ef it's a dollar short I'll come back 
n'n kill you'!" said the moonshiner, 
thrusting the bills in his trousers' 
pocket. "This ain't rob'ry, remember; 
it's whut the guv'ment owes me fur 
shootin' my little-un." He backed to 
the door. "Don't yo' raise no fuss fur 
a quarter uv 'n' hour; then you' kin 
raise hell ef yo' wan' to." 

It was early morning when Tom 
Batlin reached the valley. There was 
no need to hurry. He had got the hun- 
dred dollars, and the avaricious doctor 
would do his best for the little-un, and 
would wait for it, and he, Tom, would 
be easy on the faithful, tired horse. It 
seemed fearfully quiet about his cabin 
as he drew near, the bills clenched in 
one hand, ready to he paid over. No 
smoke was rising from the crude chim- 
ney, and the door hung partly open. 
In vague fear he tip-toed to the en- 
trance, and listened. There was not a 
sound. Where was the doctor? Where 
was M'randy? In sudden desperation 
he pushed the door open and went in. 
No one was there but the little-un, ly- 
ing white and still on the corn-husk 
pallet. With an absent gesture Tom 
cast upon the floor the worthless stuff 
which was to have purchased the life 
of the child he loved. Then he went 
and sat down by the pallet, and took 
the little-un's cold hand in his, dully. 

When M'randy came in they shared 
their mutual grief together for a time. 
Then he got up slowly, picked up the 
wad of bills from the floor, wrote la- 
boriously for a time on a bit of paper, 
and took it to his friend, Gus Tatlock. 

That evening the bank directors 
were in session over the hold-up. The 
doctor had told the detective who it 
was that had got the hundred dollars. 
The cashier was called to the door dur- 
ing the session and the queer, string- 



tied package was handed him by Gus 
Tatlock with no explanation, and Gus 
was gone. The cashier untied the pack- 
age and read this to the directors: 
"The little-un's ded an' hears the hun- 
erd at the doctor said he'd save is life 
fer i aint no use fert dad and me both 
fit for the guvment in the wah on 
small pay and we both made whisky 
before the tax an now the guvment 
murderd the little-un cos I made whis- 
ky ime et home rite erlong ef you 
want enthin uv me my names torn bat- 



lin and thet gready sneek doctor 'at 
sent me fer the hunerd kin tell yo 
where i liv." 

The president rose and said this: "I 
think I see it now, and I've got my 
opinion of a doctor that'll bleed a 
father in his distress, tempt him to 
crime and then blab. I'll not discuss 
this moonshiner's guilt, but I'll enter- 
lain a motion to drop the entire mat- 
ter." 

The motion was offered, and it 
passed unanimously. 



Corn and Poultry Contests 

$400.00 in Prizes 

PRIZE CORN CROP FOR BOYS UNDER EIGHTEEN. 
PRIZE POULTRY CONTEST FOR GIRLS UNDER SEVENTEEN. 



(The following is the circular which we announced that we would send 
to all who applied for it. Cut this circular. out or file the paper away for 
reference when wanted. Study the conditions well and feel free to ask ques- 
tions on any points that are not made perfectly clear. Remember that re- 
quests for the circular do not constitute a request for application to the con- 
test. Such application must be in on or before the dates given below, and 
will be kept on file. Do not wait, but apply now and begin preparation for 
the work.) 



The Ohio Farmer desires to arouse 
the interest of its young readers — the 
boys and girls — in farm management, 
methods and practice, and get them to 
reading, studying, planning and work- 
ing for the highest -success in various 
lines of agriculture. Farm life is the 
cleanest, healthiest, happiest life if 
pursued rightly. Boys and girls leave 
the farm for other occupations if their 
interest is not aroused and main- 
tained in its varied operations. With 
their interest properly awakened, and 
with good inducements offered for suc- 
cess, the boys and girls will seek in- 
formation, study best plans and meth- 
ods, and make rapid progress in 
knowledge and practice. Their finan- 
cial success will do more to secure per- 
manent interest and keep them on the 
farm than anything else. The Ohio 
Farmer intends to do all it can to keep 
the boys and girls on the farm and 
make them successful, happy and 
prosperous. For the coming season it 
will provide a contest for both the 
hoys and the girls, and if it works suc- 
cessfully, similar contests will be pro- 
vided every year. 

CORN CONTEST FOR 1908. 

For the best and most profitable ten 
crops of corn from one acre of ground, 
the following prizes are offered: 
Best crop, $25 watch and $75 cash. $100 
2d best, $25 watch and $25 cash . . 50 

3d best. $25 watch 25 

4th best, $15 watch 15 

5th to 10th, each, $10 watch 60 

Total value of 10 prizes $250 

The watches will be beautiful, first- 
class time-keepers, fully guaranteed, 
and worth every cent of the value 
placed on them. They will all be en- 
graved on inside of case with some- 
thing like this: 

"First prize watch awarded to John 
Jones in the Ohio Farmer Corn Con- 
test of 1908." 

These prize watches will thus be of 
greater value than the same amount in 
cash, for they will serve as medals — 
positive evidence of success in the con- 
test, and will be worth treasuring thru 
life and handing down to posterity. 
CONDITIONS OF CORN CONTEST. 

1. Contestant must be under 18 years 
of age. If a boy has reached his 18th 
birthday, he is debarred. 

2. He must either be a subscriber of 
the Ohio Farmer or a member of a 
family in which the Ohio Farmer is 
taken. 

3. Application for entering the con- 
test must be received at this office hy 
Feb. 15, 1908. 

4. Each contestant must make a 
final report to this office, by Feb. 1, 
1909, containing the following points: 

(a) Name, age and postoffice address 
of contestant, (b) Size or measurement 
of plot — length and breadth in rods, 
(c) Character of soil — clay, clay loam, 
sandy, gravelly, black, light or heavy, 
upland or bottom, level or rolling, (d) 
Drainage, natural or artificial. (e) 
Previous crop, (f) How fertilized — 
with barnyard or animal manure, arti- 
ficial fertilizers, etc., how much per 
acre, when and how applied, (g) Date 
of plowing and depth, (h) How pre- 
pared for planting, (i) Date of plant- 
ing, (j) Kind and quantity of seed. 



(k) Method of planting, in hills or 
drills; distance apart of rows, and 
distance apart in row if drilled. (1) 
Date of each cultivation — first, second, 
etc., and method, whether with weeder, 
harrow, cultivator or plow, and by 
hand, (m) Whether cut and shocked 
or left standing; if cut, give date and 
size of shocks, (n) Date of husking, 
(o) Total number of bushels of sounu, 
well-matured, marketable ears, allow- 
ing 70 pounds per bushel; also total 
of soft or unmerchantable ears and 
nubbins, 70 pounds per bushel, (p) To- 
tal cost of crop, including artificial 
fertilizer, seed corn, and all labor ex- 
pended on the acre. The labor must 
include hauling manure, plowing.har- 
rrwing, dragging or rolling, planting, 
cultivating, cutting, husking and crib- 
bing. In order to place all contestants 
on an equal footing the following rates 
for man and team labor will be used: 
Man, 15 cents an hour, including 
board; horse, 7% cents an hour, in- 
cluding feed. Considering 10 hours a 
day's work, this would be at the rate 
of $1.50 per day for man labor and 75 
cents a day for each horse; man and 
team, $3 per day. But labor must be 
counted by the hour, strictly, as there 
will be so many parts of a day put in 
that the exact cost of the crop can not 
be computed otherwise. 

The acre plot in this contest must 
be measured off in the spring before 
planting. If it is a corner or part of a 
large corn-field, the exact contents of 
the whole field must be ascertained, so 
that if the acre is plowed, planted and 
cultivated in connection with the en- 
tire field, the labor expended upon the 
acre can be accurately computed. Thus, 
if the field contains 10 acres, then one- 
tenth of the labor belongs to the acre 
plot. It will be far better, where pos- 
sible, to select an acre by itself; then 
all the expense, etc., will be easily ac- 
counted for. Every contestant must 
report the number of hours' labor for 
boy or team or horse, in plowing, prep- 
aration, planting, cultivating, etc., and 
the cost at the rates given above. He 
must also report the "going" wages in 
his neighborhood, which we will use in 
making comparisons in our final Te- 
port. The cost of fertilizers, seed corn, 
etc., must be reported in every case. 

The corn must be cribbed or placed 
under shelter and kept till January 15, 
1909, and then weighed. This will give 
two months or more for natural 
shrinkage, and thus place all contest- 
ants on an equality so far as possible. 
The value of the crop will be computed 
at this office on the market value of 
corn in the Cleveland market, Feb. 1, 
1909. Each contestant must select the 
best ear he can find at husking time, 
label it and send it to this office. We 
will weigh it when received and again 
on Jan. 15, and report the weights and 
shrinkage. If any other condition es- 
sential to securing proper Teports, re- 
sults, etc., has been omitted in this 
circular, we claim the right to include 
it hereafter. 

The correctness of the final report 
must be attested — sworn to or affirmed 
— before a justice of the peace or no- 
tary public, by the contestant; and the 
measurement of the plot and the 
amount and quality of the crop must 



be attested by three reliable and disin- 
terested men. The township trustees 
will be acceptable for such witness, n 
they are reputable and qualified, an 1 
have no personal interest in the mat- 
ter. 

POULTRY CONTEST. 

FOR G1RI.S UNDER 17 YEARS. 

For the best five returns or net prof- 
its from a flock of 20 hens, during the 
year from March 1, 1908, to March 1, 
1909, the following prizes will be 
awarded : 

Best and most profitable returns, 

$25 watch and $25 cash $50 

2d do., $10 cash and $25 watch 35 

3d do., $25 watch 25 

4th do., $20 watch 20 

5th do., $15 watch 15 

Total value $145 

These ladies' watches will be beauti- 
ful, guaranteed, and will be engraved 
on inside of case in the same manner 
as described for the boys, above. Ev- 
ery one will be worth the money value 
placed upon it, and will be still more 
valuable as a medal — the evidence of 
success in an important industrial 
contest. 

CONDITIONS OF POULTRY CON- 
TEST. 

The conditions for this poultry con- 
test are as fellows: 

1. Name, age and postoffice address, 
of contestant. 

2. The contestant must be a subscri- 
ber of the Ohio Farmer or a member 
of a family that takes it. 

3. Application for entering the con- 
test must be received at this office by 
Feb. 15, 1.908, and the final report of 
each contestant sent to this office by 
March 15, 1909. This gives 15 days af- 
ter the year has expired to make and 
£end in report. The final report must 
embrace the following points: 

(a) Number and breed of fowls, (b) 
How managed and fed, in spring, sum- 
mer, autumn and winter; kind and 
quantity of feed; cost or value of feed, 
(c) Number of eggs produced each 
month, and the amount received 
for them, (d) Number of hens 
lost by accident, disease or ver- 
min, and date of such loss, (e) 
Number of hens that "set," number of 
chicks hatched, number and market 
value of all chicks raised to maturity. 

A strict account of cost of feed must 
be kept. If grain on the farm is used, 
its market price must be allowed. 
Scraps, waste products, such as skim- 
milk, etc. — all kinds of feed, and the 
amount used of each, must be report- 
ed. The number of eggs sold each 
month and their value must be strictly 
reported. The awards will be made on 
the net profits of the flocks.. 

SCORING FOR THE AWARDS. 

In order to secure the best reports 
possible, in both Corn and Poultry con- 
test, and to secure the photographs 
that will render the reports more in- 
teresting and instructive, we will score 
as follows, in deciding awards: The 
net yield, 85; the report, 10; photo- 
graphs, 5. The yield and net profit of 
the acre will be largely the deciding 
point, but the correctness and clearness 
of the report, and its completeness, 
will have an important bearing. A 
good yield will be lessened in useful- 
ness by a poor report. The photographs 
are not so important, but good pic- 
tures help to make an article more in- 
structive and interesting. Photographs 
of the corn field at any or various 
stages, of the corn in shock, of the 
husked corn in a pile, of notable ears, 
etc.; of the poultry flock, house, best 
fowls, etc., will all be acceptable. 

Lessons in corn culture and poultry 
keeping, by the best authorities, will 
be given thruout the duration of each 
contest, for the especial benefit of the 
contestants, and they are all cordially 
invited to ask questions freely, which 
will be promptly answered. 

Send your application so that it will 
reach us by Feb. 15 next. The sooner 
you make application the better. Don't 
hesitate. It will be of great and perma- 
nent value to every boy or girl who 
goes into it with a determination to 
win. Don't hesitate because you fear 
that you can not make the report 
properly. We shall make that work 
easy by furnishing blanks and instruc- 
tions. The drill you will get in keep- 
ing accounts- and ascertaining cost and 
profit will alone more than pay you 
for the work, and the practical and sci- 
entific knowledge gained during the 
contest will be worth far more than all 
the prizes combined. Send in your ap- 
plications at once. 



14 — GG [Magazine Section. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 18, 1908. 



Grape Harvest Among the Isles of Erie. 



ByLydia J. Ryall 



In poetry, song 
and romance the 
vintage of the 
German Rhine- 
lands and other 
favored sections 
of the old world 
have figured so 
long that any al- 
lusion to grapes 
and grape harvest- 
ing is apt to sug- 
gest these storied 
places. Compara- 
tively speaking, 
it is safe to say 
that in no part of the United States 
east of the Rockies can a territory be 
found that in climatic conditions and 
vinous products, so closely resem- 




sponding dryness of the soil, and to 
the protection from frost — spring and 
fall — afforded by the great body of wa ; 
ter surrour.ding the group. Seldom are 
these islands visited by the stinging 
frosts such as devastate mainland sec- 
tions. The season is later by two or 
three weeks, and the foliage retains its 
freshness longer. Late ripening varie- 
ties, including the Catawba — grape of 
commerce — are thus afforded ample 
chance to mature, and may hang upon 
the vines without injury until mid- 
November. 

In an average season, picking begins 
the latter part of August, lasting until 
about the first of November. When 
girdling is employed to force the ri- 
pening, picking may begin at a still 
earlier date. For this early product, 




COVEKINO THE BASKETS. 



bles the above mentioned localities, as 
that embraced by the islands of Lake 
Erie. Not alone, indeed, as the scene 
Of "Perry's Victory," in 1813, nor yet 
as a delightful Mecca for summer tour- 
ists, are these islands noted, since 
equally famed is the group for the fine 
quality and extent of its vineyard 
products. 

Excepting a few orchards and an oc- 



basketed and sold as table grapes.there 
is a sharp demand. Agents represent- 
ing the commission houses of main- 
land cities are always on time with 
their bids, and when the grapes show 
a good color and are sweet enough to 
put upon market, without spoiling.the 
hustle commences. During the outing 
season the islanders are kept busy en- 
tertaining the thousands of summer 




GENERAL VIEW OF ISLAND VINEYARDS. 



casional garden, truck patch, or pas- 
ture lot, practically the whole area of 
the Bass Islands, including Put-in-Bay, 
Middle Bass and Isle St. George, is 
covered with vineyards from shore to 
shore. 

That island grapes are a surer and 
more prolific crop, and bear a finer fla- 
vor than those grown on the mainland, 
is a generally recognized fact, duo in 
part to natural di linage and corre- 



visitors who frequent their shores, yet 
it remains for the autumn grape har- 
vest to initiate the grand rush in which 
almost the entire population joins. 
Cargoes of baskets arrive by island 
steamers: these are quickly seized 
and carried away by wagon loads. It 
frequently happens that there are not 
enough to go around, and as the first 
who come are the first served it is nec- 
essary for the shipper, anxious to push 
his harvest, to reach the wharves in 



time to grab a share o* the baskets 
while they are going. The more provi- 
dent, who have storage room, do not 
wait until the rush begins, but secure 
their baskets whenever convenient, 
storing them away until needed. 

In former years table grapes were 
shipped in half-bushel baskets, but the 
size now in common use, known as 
"fifths," hold one-fifth of a bushel, and 
are handled by the commission houses. 
Another popular size holds about five 
pounds. There are still others hold- 
ing eight and ten pounds. Small bas- 
kets are generally used in supplying 
the "fine trade." Especial care is tak- 
en in packing them with choice grapes 
that have been closely looked over. 
These are shipped to the order of large 
retail grocers in the cities. 

On markets, wherever placed, island 
grapes command quicker sales and 
higher prices than are paid for the 
mainland product. Among staple va- 
rieties that figure in the early picking 
are the Champion, Niagara, Wilder, 
Warden, Massasoit, Salem— white and 
purple — Golden Pocklington, Noah. and 
Hartford. The Concord, Delaware, Nor- 
ton's Virginia seedling and Ives seed- 
ling come next in order. The latest, the 
Catawba leads in extent, as it does in 
value, representing a larger acreage 
than all of the other varieties com- 
bined and commanding in general a 
higher price. 

Nearly every island dweller picks | 
grapes, regardless of standing or occu- 
pation. Men, women, children, all take 
a hand at the grape harvest. Dishes go 
unwashed, floors unswept, while for 
visitors and book agents there is posi- 
tively no show. The island forces not 
being sufficient, however, help from 
the mainland is also employed. Of 
prospects seen, or imagined, none offer 
such pleasurable inducement to main- 
land girls as this. They are just crazy 
to go, not alone for the excellent wages I 
to be earned, but for the enjoyment af- 
forded. Numbered with this contingent 
from abroad, erudite schoolma'ams are 
found, together with stylish-appearing 
shop and store girls — all out for a 
"tearing good time." That they have 
it, goes without saying. An individual 
who fails to appreciate anything so de- 
lightful as an island grape harvest 
must be hopelessly prosy. 

In the season's earlier stages consul- 
erable gleaning may be required to find 
the ripened clusters, but later, when ev- 1 
ery passing zephyr brings odors rare . 
and delicious, from vineyards across ^ 
which they have strayed, and the 
sweetness wafted outward over bay 
and channel tickles the nostrils of 
passing boatmen — then, by this sign is 
it known that the crop is fully ripe 
and ready to harvest. Then, too, have 
come the mellow days when skies 
show more deeply blue and the depth 
and blueness are duplicated on Erie's 
surface, and every bold bluff and rag- 
ged rock and flaming sumach is mir- 
rored in the still water. Shadows lie 
among the grape leaves, and lights 
softened by October haze show up the 
foliage in golden bronze. 

Looking along the wide, straight 
rows, you may see upon each side only 
vines in heavy masses — apparently 
running wild — with distant patches of 
azure, showing where they end upon 
the lake front, but the rare clusters 
found nesting under the leaves, as you 
amble thru, form a pleasing revela- 
tion. Purple and olive, ruby and gold, 
according to variety — with a bloom up- 
on each perfect berry delicate as frost- 
film, these clusters embody each a po- 
em in itself. So thickly do they hang 
that in many places a basketful may 
be picked at one silting. A bundle of 
baskets, a stool or a small box to be 
used as a seat, and a pair of sharp, 
short-bladed nippers, purposely made 
for grape-nicking, form the grape har- 
vester's outfit. 

For the general trade, table grapes 
are picked over as closely as may be 
compatible with speedy work, the 
green, rotten, dry and •wormy and 
broken ones being eliminated. The 
picking out of this refuse with the 
thumb and fingers of one hand is the 
speedier way. but the proper method is 
to cut it out with the nippers. This 
leaves the cluster in better shape. 
When it inclines to be "stnngy." the 
stem is cut out. Stems on all bunches 
are closely nipped. 



^<>0<KH>OO0<>OO0<><KK>0<>0<K><K><K> 

Make Your Oton Cough 
aud Cold Medicine 

Make a thick syrup by heating 
and stirring Granulated Sugar 
and water. Put 2% oz. of Pinex 
in a pint bottle and fill it up with 
the Granulated Sugar Syrup. 
Take a teaspoonful every one, 
two or three hours. 

This gives you a full pint of 
better cold and cough remedy 
than you could buy, very pleas- 
ant in taste and prompt in effect. 
It usually conquers a bad cough 
in twenty-four hours. The cost is 
as follows: Pinex (2% oz.), 
about fifty cents; Granulated Su- 
gar about four cents. This cost, 
as compared with "ready-made" 
syrup, is extremely low. 

Care should be taken to use 
the ingredients above given. All < 
druggists have Pinex, or can get j 
it very easily if requested. It is < 
the most concentrated form of < 
Norway White Pine Extract, and ( 
is far superior to any of the nu- ( 
merous pine oil or pine tar prep- ' 
arations. Granulated Sugar ( 
makes the best syrup. 

This recipe is also an excellent < 
thing for whooping cough, weak J 
lungs, pains in the chest, bron- < 
chial troubles and other common J 
affections of the throat. , 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO-O OOOC I 



Thrifty People 

do not worry about the safety of 
their savings when they have an ac- 
count in this big, strong bank. 

That's why it has depositors in 
all parts of the world. 

Write for booklet, telling how to 
do banking by mail. 

4^ Interest 

The Union 
Savings *Bank 

Resources. $7,000,000 
Frick Bldg., Sta. 0, PITTSBURG, PA 



Furs Wanted 

We want every Hunter and Trapper to 
send for our handsome new booklet, 
"Sloman'sMoney-Making; 
Plan for Hunters. Trap- 
pers and Dealers." It is 
full of valuable Informa- 
tion and sent free on re- 
quest. We pay generous 
prices for all kinds of furs, 
givo liberal grading and 
Pay Eiprru Charges. 
Prompt remittances. Twenty years of 
square dealing have made us the large>t 
exporters in the U. S. Ask your banker 
abc it us. You can't afford to sell your 
furs till you write us. 

M.SIoman & Co. ul?r 0 ?t"%tch. st ' 



-ISend Us Your Hides 

We are tanner- and dress- 
era of all kinds of turn. l>o 
yon want a Fur Coat like 
tiiin at Mnnll expensel We 
Wn manufacture coats, robe*. 
Bfl elorefl ruff* and Bittern 
m from cattle and horse hide*. 
The ent shown U from 
cow hide. I»og end ronsk- 
rat taint make beantlful flor- 
et end mittens. Onr work It 

RltHI »1>H'«-<I nihil. «»t<T 
Hint mm li |> roof 

■ rani, ret catalog and .am- 
ple* tree, telling yon all about 
onr work. 

THE SYIVANIA TANNING CO 

Sylvarwa, Ohio. 



Violin Music Free 



To Introduce onr New Violin Catalog and ePEriAt 
\ iiil.l N Ul't'l K we will send for tho next thirtj 
dn? s our fiO cent music hook; con' a;-. - 2 4 piece* of cepj- 
right s»a*ir. such nsCrrermreNWaltrt «,Tw,>.stepa.etv ; 
printed on fine pat*>r. We want to jp-t our t™ band- 
wme Ulur.t rated cat alog of Viol ins.Guitars.Mandolin*. 
Musical Supplies. Mr.nrs Hows, etc.. in the band* of 
r - it Viol n t !a>er: f • if rou will *end the BAme* of 
four'per*ons who pl.ij the Violin we will *end ron our 
music book. free, a'«orur catalog. W rite names and 
► iJreases plainly and enclose nee '.toon t stamps to p«» 

c book. 




ik. free, a «o our cat 
. plainly and enclose £ 
postage and mailing co*t of 70 — 

E. T. ROOT & SONS. 

S 7 r.'t.en BldR. listablisbed 1357, CHICACQ 



Jan. 18, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



15—67 




One of the Most Important Questions 
to Consider in the Search for 
Happiness and Health. 

The burning question, to you, is, "Are 
you getting out of life all the pleasure 
and the health you are entitled to?" I 
If not, why not? 

No matter whether every organ and 
member of your body is in a sound 
state of health and strength, if your 
stomach is in any way disordered, you ] 
are not going to be "yourself." You ! 
are going to be a worried, out-of-sorts, \ 
nervous or sullen individual, whose ac- 
tions will reflect your condition inside, 
and people will naturally avoid you. 

The world wants to smile and be 
cheerful, and unless you are cheerful 
and smile, at least, occasionally, you ; 
will have few friends, fewer oppor- j 
tunities, no success, and you will go 
down in defeat — defeated by dyspepsia 
and a bad stomach. 

A good and thoro digestion has a 
qaiek, wonderful reaction upon the 
brain. You must have noticed it many | 
times, for the brain and stomach are 
as intimately connected as a needle 
and its thread, one can hardly be used | 
to advantage without the other. If 
your stomach is slow and lazy in di- 
gesting your food, it will produce at 
once a slow, lazy and cloudy influence 
upon your brain. Mark it! If your 
stomach has absolutely quit work, and 
fermentation is poisoning your vitals 
as a result, surely your brain is going 
to be sluggish and correspondingly de- 
pressed. No one need tell you that. 

But why continue to suffer all the 
miseries and torments that a disor- 
dered stomach brings you? 

If your stomach can not digest your 
food, what will? Where's the relief? 
Where's the cure? 

Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets are the 
relief and the cure. Why? Because, 
as all stomach troubles arise from in- 
digestion and because one ingredient | 
rf Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets is able 
to thoroughly and completely digest I 
3,000 grains of any kind of food, doesn't I 
it stand to reason that these little 
Dyspepsia Tablets are going to digest 
all the food and whatever food you put 
into your stomach? Science nowadays 
can digest food without having to use 
the stomach for it. And Stuart's Dys- 
pepsia Tablets are the result of this 
scientific discovery. They digest, and 
digest thoroly and well, anything and 
everything you eat. 

So, if your stomach refuses to work 
or can't work, and you suffer from 
eructations, bloat, brash, fermentation, 
biliousness, sour stomach, heartburn, 
irritation, indigestion, or dyspepsia of 
whatever form, just take one or two 
of Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets, and see 
the difference. It doesn't cost you 
much to prove it. Then you can eat 
all you want, what you want, and when- 
ever you want, if you use these tablets, 
and you can look the whole world in 
the face with a beaming eye, and you 
will have a cheerful spirit, a pleasant 
face, a vigorous body and a clear mind 
and memory, and everything will look 
and taste delicious to you. That's life. 

Get a package of Stuart's Dyspepsia 
Tablets at any drug store on earth for 
50c a package. 

Send us your name and address to- 
day and we will at once send you by 
mail a sample package free. Address 
F. A. Stuart Co., i50 Stuart Bldg., 
Marshall, Mich. 

Ten 'Days' Free Trial 

allowed on every bicycle we sell. 
We Ship on Approval and trial 

to anyone in U. S. and prepay the freight. 
If you are not satisfied with bicycle after 
using it ten days don't pay a cent. 

Factory Prices £° y '£ *„? \ 

pair of tires from anyone at any price until 
you receive our latest Art Catalogs of high 
grade bicycles and sundries and learn our «n- 
heard of ' prices and marvelous new off ers. 
It Only Costs a cent to write a postal 
and every thin g will be sent y ou FREE 
by return mail. You will pet much valuable 
information. Do Not Wait; write it Now I 
Tires, Coaster Brakes, single wheels, 
parts, repairs aud sundries at half usual prices. 

MEAD CYCLE CO., Dept. F77, Chicago 




1% 



TELEPHONES specially 
adapted to farm lines. Sold 
direct from f actoi-y. 
Book of instructions 
how to organize 
farmers and build 
line free. Write for 
Bulletin No. 303. The North 
Electric Co., Cleveland, O. 
Kansas City, Mo. Dallas, Tex. 




For the "fine trade," extra time and 
care are taken in picking and packing. 
The "rounding up" of a basket in prop- 
er shape requires deftness as well as 
practice. Like a load of hay, it must 
be built out even with the sides. Un- 
der the handle it must be heaped high, 
with a gradual slope towards the ends, 
which — on account of stacking for 
shipment — must not bulge too prom- 
inently. Baskets are covered with pink 
netting which is tucked under the rim 
with a sharp knife. The name of the 
sender and that of the company to 
whom they are consigned, appear on 
slips inside the covering. 

In working a gang, two pickers to a 
row were formerly considered neces- 
sary. This proved a social and pleas- 
ant arrangement, especially for the 
slow plodder who was fortunate 
enough to secure a speedy partner, able 
and willing to keep up the working 
reputation of both; a felicitous plan 
also, where the parties in question rep- 
resented a bewitching maiden and a 
susceptible young man. Incidentally, 
with only the row between them, the 
opportunities for live fun and frolic — 
saying nothing of flirtation and love- 
making — were never more propitious. 
Many an acquaintanceship begun in the 
vineyards of Put-in-Bay has culminat- 
ed in a matrimonial alliance in which 
— it is assumed — the parties "lived hap- 
pily ever after." Howbeit, the vineyard 
owner of the present has got "a flea in 
his ear" of large size. Wiser and more 
practical, if less mindful of spooning 
couples and of slow goers generally, 
his cruel mandate — "One picker to a 
row" — is now being obeyed, with a per- 
ceptible increase in the amount of 
grapes harvested. Each picker must 
stand upon his or her own merits, and 
as each has a record to make and 
maintain, less time is left for hilarity, 
and less chance for spooning. No self- 
respecting member of the force wishes 
to be left behind; competition for the 
leading place is therefore excited and 
some lively races precipitated, in 
which the leaves fly one way and the 
grapes another. Those who first com- 
plete their rows are expected to help 
out the others. When the ends are fin- 
ished they all start in upon fresh 
rows, and the race begins again. 

However, there are drawbacks even 
to this delightful occupation, when 
the season grows late and green and 
gold have faded to a medley of browns. 
When chill rains fall and winds cut 
sharply across the lake, and mud and 
water stand in the rows, then to sit 
all day in the vineyard, tho bundled 
into voluminous wraps, is neither po- 
etical nor pleasant. That, however, is 
the busiest time of all, for the grape 
grower is nervously anxious to get his 
crop off before the snow flies. 

One dollar per day was formerly con- 
sidered good pay for picking, but lead- 
ing grape growers now pay $1.25. As 
an instance of that which may be ac- 
complished at Put-in-Bay, six pickers, 
during the present season, harvested 
in one day eighty-eight bushels of Ives 
seedlings, aggregating about 4,400 
pounds. These grapes were intended 
for pressing, and did not require as 
careful picking over as the basket 
product. 

Preserved grape juice, or unferment- 
ed wine, is booming prices and work- 
ing wonders for the grape grower. Un- 
like wine, this product can not be 
adulterated, and its use is approved by 
church and temperance people gener- 
ally. It is prescribed for use in hospit- 
als and is appropriate for sacramental 
purposes. In its making there is no 
working over of old pomace nor any ad- 
dition of spirits or other hurtful sub- 
stances. 

When intended for wine or preserved 
juice, the wormy and rotten grapes, to- 
gether with most of the large green 
and the dry ones, are picked out. No 
attention is paid to those that - are 
broken nor to appearance of cluster. 
Receptacles for product designed for 
pressing are bushel and half-bushel 
baskets, and barrels. Some of these are 
shipped without covers. This is apt to 
result in waste and proves a sad temp- 
tation to street urchins in the places 
where they are sent; the services of a 
policeman are required to keep back 
the grape-hungry crowd when the car- 
go is unloaded. In transporting all the 
grapes shipped from the little archipel- 
ago, the capacities of the island steam- 
ers are frequently taxed to the utmost. 



Water for Your 



Country Home 

A first class and sanitary water supply 
makes life on the farm worth living 
It is now possible to have all the con 
veniences, comforts and protection 
of the best city water works 
This means plenty of water de- 
livered under strong pres- 
sure, in the bathroom, 
kitchen, laundry, garden, 
lawn or barn — any 
where you want it. 
This is accom- 
plished by 



The 
Kewanee 
System of 
Water Supply 

You can avoid the unsightly and un- 
safe elevated tank, which may leak 
freeze or collapse. The Kewanee Systen 
does away with the attic tank, which is 
dangerous and inefficient. 

Instead, install a Kewanee Pneumatic Tank 
in your cellar. Use hand pump, wind mill, gas 
engine, hot-air engine or other good power — pump 
the water into this tank from your own well, cistern 
■ other natural source. This creates air pressure in 
the tank, which delivers the water to tho fixtures and 
hydrants. 

Everything is frost proof and protected from ex- 
tremes in temperature. Tank is made of steel and rests on 
solid ground. C. W. Welman, Sullivan. Ind.. writes: 
"The Kewanee System which I installed in 
my country home two years ago gives per- 
fect satisfaction. It is always in order, 
always works perfectly and we have not 
spent 5c for repairs since it was put in." 
We will plan your whole water syst«m free of charge, 
Over 8,000 Kewanee Systems in successful operation. 
Plants furnished in all sizes for any require- 
ments, from a cottage to a town. There may be 
some in your neighborhood — our catalogue tells. 
Write for our 64-page illustrated catalogue 
which explains everything. Mention 
•fiiayV this paper and ask for catalog >' 




Kewanee Water Supply Company, 
Kewanee, Illinois. 

No. 32 Broadway, New York City. 

820 Marquette Bldg., Chicago. 

404 Equitable Bldg,, Baltimore, Md. 



NO , 
ATTIC 

TANK 



« » 



[KZWANET 
TANK 

tot- 






To have a "good 
old-time hunt," 
shoot the shells 
your grandfather 
shot — U. M. C. shells. Any- 
standard power is loaded in 
U. M. C. Nitro Club Shells. 
They won the Grand American 
Handicap, J. J. Blanks scoring 
96 per cent. 



Send for illustrated folder. 



THE UNION METALLIC CARTRIDGE COMPANY 
Bridgeport, Coon. 

Agency, 818 Broadway, New York City. 



Dr. Marshall's Catarrh Snuff 

CONTAINS NO COCAINE 

Morphine or Other Injurious Drugs— Most Other Remedies Do. - 



It is the pure old remedy for Catarrh — Cold in the Head 
— Headache — LaGrippe — Hayfever — Ringing in the Ears — 
Deafness (due to Catarrh), and Lost Sense of Smell, bring- 
ing relief and comfort at once, aiding nature to heal and ef- 
fect a permanent cure. Made from the same formula since 
J 835— fifty years before Cocaine was discovered — guaran- 
teed pure, and registered by the Government under the Pure 
Food and Drugs Act ot June 30th, 1906. Serial number 243. 
ASK YOUR DRUGGIST FOR DR. HARSE ALL'S CATARRH SNUFF . 

Ad neither sprays, ointment? nor medicine taken internally will cure It 
Catarrh tn the head. Soli by all druggists at 25C p-r bottle or mailed direct. I! 

F. C. KEITH, Mfg. and Prop., 580 Society for Savings B'dg., CLEVELAND, 0^ 




OVER 70 YEARS 
SUCCESS 





A Kalamazoo, 

Direct to You 



Vto have more than 100.000 satisfied customers tn more than 17.000 cttles. 
Tillages and towns In the United States who have each saved from ti to 
|40 by buying a Kalamazoo stove or rao^e on 

S60 DAYS APPROVAL 




direct from our factory at actual factory prices. No stove or ran pre has 

a higher reputation or gives better satisfaction. You run no 
risk- You save all dealers* prollts. pay the freight. 

Send PosSal For Catalog No. 112 

and see list of towns where we have satisfied custom e 
Kalamazoo Stove Company. Mfr*. a Kalamazoo. Mi 

Oar patent ot*q therTucmet'r m*ket tt»kl&g 



1G — G8 [Magazine Section.] 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 18, 1908. 



Pile Cure 

FREE 



Free Trial Package of Wonderful 
Pyramid Pile Cure Sent to All 
Who Send Name and Address. 

There are hundreds of cases of piles 
which have lasted for 20 and 30 years 
and have been cured in a few days or 
weeks with the marvelous Pyramid 
Pile Cure. 

Piles sufferers in the past have 
looked upon an operation as the only 
relief. But operations rarely cure, and 
often lead to fearful results. 

The Pyramid Pile Cure cures. It re- 
lieves the swelling, stops the conges- 
tion, heals the ulcers and fissures and 
the piles disappear. There is no form 
of piles which these little pyramids 
are not made to cure. 

The Pyramid Pile Cure can be used 
at home. There is no loss of time or 
detention from business. There is no 
case of piles so severe that the Pyra- 
mid Pile Cure will not bring relief. 

We make no charge for' a trial pack- 
age of Pyramid Pile Cure. This sam- 
ple will relieve the itching, soothe the 
inflamed membrane and start you on 
your way to a cure. After you have 
used the sample g - o to the druggist for 
a 50-cent box of the remedy. Write to- 
day. The sample costs you nothing. 
Pyramid Drug Co., 139 Pyramid Bldg., 
Marshall, Mich. 



IF THOSE WHO SUFFER WITH 

FITS 

Will write to me I will tell them how 
they can be relieved of this terrible dis- 
ease. 

I will send the names of hundreds who 
have been cured, and a booklet describ- 
ing the disease and how it is treated suc- 
cessfully! 

I have devoted 30 years to treating Epi- 
lepsy, and there are few cases that my 
treatment will not cure. If you are a suf- 
ferer, or know of one. write me at once. 
My advice and book is free. 

DR. W. TOWNS MEDICAL CO., 
FOND DU LAC. WIS. 



U5E THIS LAMP 

FOR GO DAYS FREE 



Lotus placo this 100-candlo power No. 106 
ISrllllant <>ns I,nmpin your home. TTseitand 
test the light in every way and prove that every 
claim we mako is true 

Wo dof y comparison with pas, kerosene, or elec- 
tricity^ and claim that tho saving will pay for this 
Lamp in a fow months. If yon are dis- 
satisfied and find that it is not the very 
best reading and working light made, 
wo will gladly refund your money. 

If* "ft Hau operates this lamp and 
%0 ... %J4MJ E ivos you a home aa 
brightand cheerful as in any city. Ship- 
hero. Safe delivery © (C fifl 
guaranteed on receipt of $VlUU 

BRILLIANT CAS LAMP CO. 
217- 42 State St, Chicago, III. 





RHEUMATISM 



Cured by Br. Shafer's New System of 
Treatment, based upon the Chemical 
Analysis of the Urlue. No charge for 
consultation, analysis of urine and re- 
port. Mailing case for urine sent 
free. T)r. Shafer has the Largest Prac- 
tice of any specialist In the world. 
Address J. F. SHAFER. M. D., 

4 1 4 Penn Ave, Pittsburg, Pa. 



1 



Ship your PuT8 direct to the World's I, arrest Pur 
Market, where prices t\ro always highest. Write for 
nur Latest Price List.^ivini; highest prices for Purs 
and Pelts of ail kinds from all sections. If* fre ■■. 

MYERS BOYD COMMISSION CO.. ST. LOUIS, MO. 



WE TAN: 

and lining a robe. Write for circulars and sampl 

West. Reserve Robe&Tanning Co. .Cuyahoga Falls, 0. 



our Horse or CalHr llidr 

»r Robe ft, Coats or Mittens. 
Wind. Water and Moth proof. 
No charge over $7.00 fur tannin* 



SURE CURE FOR PILES 

TT( 1 N<; l*i 1 es prod nee moisture and oanso itching. 
This form, ns well as Blind, Bleeding or Protruding 
Piles «re onred bi Dr. Bosanko's Pile Remedy 

St. ips iteliing and bleeding. Almorott tumors. fiOe a 
Jar at d nudists or sent by mail. Trorvt iso free. Write 
lao abuutyour case. DR. BOSANK.O, Philada., Pa. 



DR. WEBER'S HOSPITAL, established for the 

•it r A M T P D bj ii" 

of external v ™ »" v C iv. the methods, 

For pnrticulnrs address D r . C h arl e s Wc be r , 
17 W. Eighth Street. Cincinnati. Ohio 




AUNT MATILDA'S REMARKS. 

I swan! If there don't come pa over 
the hill coaxin' erlong Parson Strong, 
ah' me washin', too. Menfolks don't 
reelize w'ttt washin'-day means! 



"Now," said Mrs. Goodhart, "if you 
do a little work for me, I'll gi^ yon a 
good meal after a while." 

"Say, lady," replied Hungry Hawkes, 
"you'll git off cheaper if yer gimme a 
meal now. Work always gives me a 
fierce appetite." — Philadelphia Press. 

"Why do you do that?" demanded 
the teacher. 

"Oh, just for fun," replied Tommy 
Tuff. 

"But didn't you know it was against 
the rules?" 

"Sure! Dat's where de fun comes 
in." — Philadelhia Press. 

In a Western paper a man advertis- 
es for a woman "to wash, iron and 
milk one or two cows." 

The following advertisement ap- 
peared in a daily paper: "Lost, a cam- 
eo brooch representing Venus and 
Adonis on the Bratenahl Road, about 
10 o'clock Tuesday morning." 

A coroner's verdict reads thus: "The 
deceased came to his death by excess- 
ive drinking, producing apoplexy in 
the minds of the jury." 

A bill presented to a farmer ran 
thus: "To hanging two barn doors and 
myself, $1.25. 



ANSWERS TO PUZZLES IN DEC. 21 
ISSUE. 



WJIONTROSS 

Wl Pn.tivl th 



METAL SHINCLCS 

homo from flrftnml lUM- 
ii m t- r,... in. m . mi.. ■ - Danble.' 

■ Bnl.l Shln«li< < n . (»mdrn, I. J, 



P» TCUTC WATSON E. COLEMAN 

r H I t-H I J Pattnl Attorney. Washinijton. D C. 



LWAYS mention OHIO FARMER 
k when writing to our advertisers. 



First (Tebus) — Paleontology (pale 
E on tall O G). 
Second (rebus) — 

Ella M. Beebe (i.ambb). 
Emma D. Arrow (mauro). 
Ellen T. Owen (lnton). 
Effie I. Essen (feisn). 
Katie O. Energy (kto.nrg). 
Third (quotation) — 

Oliver Wendell Holmes, author: 
"Chambered Nautilus" the poem; 
missing words italicized in following: 
Build thee more stately mansions, O 

my soul. 
As the swift seasons roll. 
Leave thy low-vaulted past. 
Let each new temple, nobler than the 
last, 

Shut thee from heaven with a dome 

mt>re vast. 
Till thou at length art free. 
Leaving thine outgrown shell by life's 

unresting sea. 

We are sorry to be obliged to an- 
nounce that not one letter has been 
received which correctly answers all 
three of these puzzles. Hence no one 
will got the prize, which was a year's 
subscription for the correct solution of 
all three. Most of the letters failed to 
give answers to any but "Quotation." 
seeming not to have noticed the first 
two puzzles. Homer L. Wright. Sardis. 
O.. had them all right except that he 
failed to give the author and the name 
of the poem in No. 3. Gladys A. Beebe. 
OdlnJPa.,had them all right except that 
she made HAD BO in No. 2 read May D. 
Roe instead of Emma D. Arrow. We 
are planning to offer another prize for 
the pnzzles in our Feb. 1 issue, and 
somebody must get it. 



Whose Say=so Is Best ? 

"With nearly all medicines put up for sale 
through druggists, one has to take the mak- 
er's say-so alone and exclusively as to their 
curative value. Of course, such testimony 
is not that of a disinterested party and ac- 
cordingly is not to be given the same credit 
as if written from disinterested motives. 



Dr. Pierce's medicines, however, form 
a single and therefore striking exception 
to the above rule. Their claim to the 
confidence of invalids does not rest 
eolely upon their owners' and makers' 
eay-so or praise. Their ingredients are 
matters of public knowledge, being 
printed on each separate bottle-wrap- 
per. Thus invalid sufferers are taken 
into Dr. Pierce's full confidence. Scores 
of leading medical men have written 
enough to fill volumes in praise of the 
curative value of the several ingredients 
entering into these well - known med- 
icines. 

In favor of Dr. Pierce's medicines is 
the frank, confiding, open, honest state- 
ment of their full composition, giving 
every ingredient in plain English, with- 
out fear of successful criticism and with 
confidence that the good sense of the 
afflicted will lead them to appreciate 
this honorable manner of confiding to 
them what they are taking into their 
stomachs when making use of these 
medicines. 

WHAT THEY CURE. People often 
ask "What do Dr. Pierce's two leading 
medicines— 'Golden Medical Discovery ' 
and 'Favorite Prescription' cure?" 

Briefly, the answer is that "Golden 
Medical Discovery" is a most potent al- 
terative, or blood-pnrifier, and toni c, or 
invigorator. and acts especially favor- 
ably in a curative way upon all the 
mucous lining surfaces , as of the nasal 
passages, throat, bronchial tubes, stom- 
ach, bowels and bladder curing a large 
percentage of catarrhal cases whether 
the disease affects the nasal passages, 
the throat, larynx, bronchia, stomach 
(as catarrhal dyspepsia), bowels (as 
mucous diarrhea), bladder or other 
pelvic organs. Even in the chronic 

or ulcerative stages of these affections, 
it is generally successful in affecting 
cures. In fact the "Golden Medical 
Discovery" is- without doubt, the most 
successful constitutional remedy for all 
forms of catarrhal diseases known to 
modern medical science. In Chronic 
Nasal Catarrh Dr. Sage's Catarrh Rem- 
edy fluid should be used for washing 
and cleansing out the nasal passages 
while taking the "Discovery" for its 
blood cleansing and specific, healing 
effects upon the mucous lining mem- 
branes. This combined local and gen- 
eral treatment will cure a very large 
percentage of the worst cases of chronic 
nasal catarrh, no matter of how many 
years' standing they may be. 

As to the "Favorite Prescription," it 
is advised for the cure of one class of 

diseases only — those weakness- 
es and derangements peculiar to 



women. It is a powerful, yet gently 
acting invigorating tonic and nervine. 
For weak, worn-out, over-worked wom- 
en—no matter what ha6 caused tl e 
break-down, "Favorite Prescription" 
will be found most effective in buildir? 
up the strength, regulating the womanly 
functions, subduing pain and bringing 
about a healthy, strong, vigorous con- 
dition of the whole system. 

Dr. Pierce believes that our American 
forests abound in most valuable medi- 
cinal roots for the cure of most of our 
obstinate and most fatal diseases, if we 
would properly investigate them; and, 
in confirmation of this firm conviction, 
he points with pride to the almost mar- 
velous cures effected by his "Golden 
Medical Discovery," which has proven 
itself to be the most efficient stomach 
tonic, liver invigorator, heart tonic and 
regulator, and blood cleanser known to 
medical science. Not less marvelous, 
in the unparalleled cures it i6 constantly 
making of woman's many peculiar affec- 
tions, weakness and distressing derange- 
ments, is Dr. Pierce'6 Favorite Prescrip- 
tion, as is amply attested by thousands 
of unsolicited testimonials contributed 
by grateful patients who have hern 
cured by it, often after many other 
advertised medicines had failed. 

Both these world- famed medicines 
are wholly made up from the glyceric 
extracts of native, medicinal roots, 
found in our American forests. The 
processes employed in their manu- 
facture were original with Dr. Pierce, 
and they are carried on by skilled chem- 
ists and" pharmacists with the aid of 
apparatus and appliances specially 
designed and built for this purpose. 
Both medicines are entirely free from 
alcohol and all other harmful, habit- 
forming drugs. What is said of their 
power to cure the several diseases for 
which they are advised may be easily 
learned by sending your name and 
address to Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, 
N. Y., for a little booklet which he has 
compiled, containing copious extracts 
from numerous standard medical books, 
which are consulted as authorities by 
physicians of the several schools of 
practice for their guidance in prescrib- 
ing. It is free to all. A postal card 
request will bring it. 

Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets cure 
constipation. Constipation is the cause 
of many diseases. Cure the cause and 
you cure the disease. One "Pellet" is 
a gentle laxative, and two a mild ca- 
thartic. Druggists 6ell them, and 
nothing is "just as good." They are the 
original Little Liver Pills first put up by 
old Dr. Pierce, over 40 years ago. 
Much imitated, but never equaled. 
They are tiny suijar- coated granules — 
easy to take as candy. 



DON'T LET YOUR CHILD DIE 

when a positive cure can now be had for CROUP, COLDS. HOARSENESS or WHOOPING COUCH 

Dr. Drake's German Croup Remedy 

is guaranteed to cure Croup every time—and do it quick. Cash back it it tails. 

It has a very pleasant taste, and will not sicken the most delicate child or adult 
Get a Ten-Cent Bottle FREE and keep It In the house. Give It a fair trial at the 
first sign of a Cold, Cough or any trouble of that kind — it may prevent many days 
of real sickness. One little dose will cure Croup — a few drops will save your 
child's life. You will soon find you need a full size bottle to keep In the house for 
emergencies. The cure Is quick and certain — your best doctor can not do as well. 
Dr. Drake'* German Cough Remedy Never Falls. 

FREE. The Glessner Medicine Co., Findliy.O 



Writ* roar n«mf 




It's the "IMPERIAL" 

Which lms cxcUtttTtleatnresnot to be had on other MM snch a 
STOMi OVEN BOTTOM— stores the heat in the oven— tract tad mawmr, 
ODOR HOOD-carries tho steam and odor from cookinc op tlx chimney 
ASH SITTER i^rmits tho Rifting of the ashes rt|ht In lot ran re; 
OVE.N THER HO *FTER— tolls tho exact temperature of theoTon. 
^^JOdivi trlil. RratfMPaM. Sold o. «">nthlj osTments. Cal.hre. 

IMPERIAL STEEL RANOE CO. 170 State St, Cleveland, 0 JPf 




MaKe the Wire Fence Last Another Year 



Little When it take* ju«t two minutes to spliro a break in ynur wire fenee with a Little 

ttiiint Wire Bplicer, jf"U can't afford to have breachrcattle.rrippled horses 
blani or t>:>d nt'itri-.'x.rs. Will not hrrak or pet out of ordor. At all deale 
ipt of price. *t.00. Illustrated catalog show- 
lixtures. etc., free. Send for it. 
Splicer Wagner Mnlg. (o, 120 W. First St. 

Cedar Falls, la. 



W'rc °r sent prepaid on re 
Ine \Vacner Hay R~ 



PATS FOR ITSELF IN A DAY 




Jan. 18, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



17—69 



(Continued from page 8.) 
to pinch along financially in its effort 
to get something for its inspiration 
and help out of the institutes, while 
two speakers are furnished to promote 
the interests of the other branch. It is 
time to equalize matters. We suggest 
that the Ohio institute associations re- 
quest the State Board of Agriculture 
to arrange to have on the list of 
speakers for next winter a cookery 
and a domestic art teacher of experi- 
ence, a practical housekeeper or so, a 
seamstress or a milliner who can dem- 
onstrate a lesson, an authority on 
physical culture, one on psycholog- 
ical development, and one on- house 
construction, planning, ventilation and 
sanitation. Urge this now while the 
institute season is on, and while the 
need is fresh in your minds. 



THE WINTER COURSE IN AGRICUL- 
TURE. 



(Editorial Correspondence.) 



Up to date, Jan. 11, just about an even 
200 young men and one young woman 
have registered for the above course, a 
large increase on last year's registration. 
"Young" men, I say, for their ages main- 
ly range between 17 and 24, with one 16 
and one over 60. It is a most inspiring 
audience to address. Some 16 returned 
lrom last winter's short course and 15 of 
these have elected the lectures, once 
more, in agricultural chemistry. The 4 P. 
M. practical lectures each day are by 
prominent and successful farmers, dairy- 
men and fruit men. A list will be given 
next week. A somewhat humorous news- 
paper writer, who never spoils a story for 
a little thing like the truth, last year 
wrote (I am told) that smoking on the 
steps of buildings and on the walks about 
the campus Was disgustingly common on 
the part of both professors and students, 
and, in effect, that the chief work of 
many of the professors seemed to be to 
hold down their jobs, draw their salaries 
and smoke! I learn that only one mem- 
ber of the entire Agricultural Faculty is 
a habitual smoker, and in the three days 
in which I was on the campus about an 
hour during exchange of classes. I saw only 
two persons smoking. I know, too, that 
the professors seem conscientious, faith- 
ful, hard-working and able men. 

New Buildings. — The new stock barns 
and live stock pavilion now almost com- 
pleted at a cost of $80,000, are remarka- 
bly fine and well adapted to their pur- 
pose, the pavilion being the largest and 
best adapted to stock judging and dis- 
play of any in the land. With Townshend 
Hall and the horticultural department, or- 
chards, gardens, greenhouses and farm 
fields and crops, Ohio now stands in the 
very fore-front in agricultural equip- 
ment. The moral and religious atmos- 
phere is unquestioned now, on the part 
of president, and most of the professors 
and students. The reception given by the 
University Y. M. C. A. and the faculty to 
the Winter Course men was a pleasant 
and helpful affair. The ancient taunt, nev- 
er true, that the University had "got as 
far as possible away from God and agri- 
culture" is even less true now than ever 
before. 

Frauds in Fertilizers. — At present the 
Attorney General of Ohio, on proof by the 
Board of Agriculture, is bringing - ac- 
tion for fraud under the fertilizer law, 
against The Smith Agricultural Chemical 
Co. of Columbus. This concern seems to 
have several affiliated concerns for which 
it manufactures fertilizers, such as The 
Abott & Martin Rendering Co., Chicago 
Fert. Co., Hardy Packing Co., Ohio Farm- 
ers' Fert. Co., Western Chem. Co., etc. I 
find from the official analyses that this 
many-headed concern runs short on quite 
a large proportion of its goods, for exam- 
1 le, in phosphoric acid as follows, in 
part: No. 91, 6.58 percent short; No. 102, 
3.46; No. 44, 3.71; No. 41. 4.60; No. 326, 
4.37, etc., etc., and in potash about the 
same percentages short. The extreme lim- 
it of variation allowed by the law is one 
percent, and that is far too liberal. The 
proof of fraud apparently known and in- 
tentional is official and seems overwhelm- 
ing. The company will no doubt plead 
guilty, pay the fines, take the penalty and 
necessarily go out of business. The 
farmers have been cheated out of many 
thousands of dollars, before the official 
proof could be established. There should 
be a possibility of more speedy exposure 
and punishment. So far as I know, how- 
ever, this is the first really aggravated 
case of apparently intentional fraud, in 
the entire history of fertilizer control by 
the Ohio Department of Agriculture. — W. 
I. Chamberlain. 



THE WEEK. 



Leading Events. 

Taft in New York. — For the first time 
since he became a recognized candidate 
for the Presidential nomination. Secretary 
Taft addressed a New York audience, 
Jan. 10. He declared that states were 
hirming themselves when they passed 
unfair railroad or corporation legislation. 
He also declared that the time had come 
when employers must recognize and deal 
fairly with labor unions. He praised hon- 
est riches. The speech made a very fa- 
vorable impression in New York and 
Washington, and shows that Secretary 
Taft has not changed the attitude upon 
the labor question which he took several 
years ago. A newspaper story was pub- 
lished last week to the effect that Presi- 
dent Roosevelt had predicted the nomina- 
tion of Secretary Taft upon the first bal- 
lot. 

Congress. 

Currency Bill. — The building of the cnr- 
rency bill seems to have been left almost 
entirely with Senator Aldrich. Senators 



Hair and Allison were supposed to work 
with him but both have been sick most 
of the time. Senator Aldrich's bill has 
the approval of Speaker Cannon and Sec- 
retary Cortelyou and all of the Republi- 
can Senators generally accept anything 
that Senator Aldrich prepares. The liiil 
provides for the issue of emergency cur- 
rency by the national banks, to the 
amount of $250,000,000, to be secured by 
approved bonds and subject to a 6 per- 
cent tax. For the operation of the plan 
the country is divided into eight districts 
each centered by one of the subtrcasur- 
ies. When the banks of any district 
think that a crisis is imminent they may 
apply to the sub-treasury of their dis- 
trict to issue the notes. These notes are 
to be of the same form as other bank 
notes. This bill is generally believed to 
be the work of the big financiers of New 
York. The next question is whether it 
will pass the Senate in good shape. The 
bill was introduced in the Senate Jan. 1. 

New Office Building. — The drawing for 
rooms in the new office building for Rep- 
resentatives took place Jan. 9. and at- 
tracted more attention than any previous 
event of the session. The choice of 
rooms was decided by lot. The Ohio mem- 
bers have very good rooms, several being 
bunched on the fourth floor. 

Ohio Legislature. 
Governor's Message. — The Ohio legisla- 
ture opened the present session Jan. 6. 
Governor Harris's message was an able 
document. He urged economy in expend- 
ing state money; a law requiring competi- 
tive bidding on supplies for state institu- 
tions; careful rules for bank inspection; 
the passage of a new bill drawn up by the 
Fish and Game Commission; that the 
work of the Experiment Station be given 
careful attention and provision made for 
it; the appropriation of money to pay for 
diseased animals slaughtered by the State 
Live Stock Commission; regulation of 
telephone companies as to rates and 
methods; the improvement of the canals; 
some definite policy regarding armories 
for the militia; careful consideration of 
the liquor question and local option ;morc 
money for good roads and a well-framed 
primary law. 

Calendar Cleared. — A resolution was 
passed by the Senate, Jan. 6. declaring 
this to be the second session of the 77th 
general assembly, and wiping out all 
pending legislation. It was adopted by a 
vote of 21 to 12 after a bitter personal 
discussion. The House followed the action 
of the Senate on Jan. 7 in clearing the 
calendar of all pending bills and begin- 
ning the session with a clean sheet. 

Foraker Balked. — The present Ohio 
contest for favor in the race for the. 
presidential nomination was dragged into 
the legislature last week. The Foraker 
forces sought to invalidate the call for 
primaries to elect delegates to the nom- 
inating convention for delegates-at-large 
to the national Republican convention, by 
the passage of the pending Huffman pri- 
mary bill and the repeal of the Bronson 
bill under which the call for the conven- 
tion was made. When the calendar was 
cleared of pending legislation the Huff- 
man bill was disposed of. or at least it 
will have to begin at the bottom of the 
ladder as a new bill, and this probably 
can not be enacted before Feb. 11, at 
which date the primaries will be held. 

Minor Items. 

It is stated that unless the cotton spin- 
ners modify their wage demands, cotton 
mills thruout the country will close, Jan: 
25, and 150,000 employes will be locked 
out. 

The Canadian Pacific steamer Mount 
Royal, which was practically given up for 
lost, a week ago, labored into Queens- 
town, Jan. 7. She left Antwerp Dec. 7 
with over 300 passengers and a crew of 
100. Shortly after leaving the British 
coast she encountered heavy gales with 
which she battled for a fortnight. At that 
time serious trouble with the boilers de- 
veloped and she put about and made for 
the Irish coast. 

In his annual report, sent to Congress 
last week by Secretary of War Taft he ad- 
vocates higher pay for officers and men 
in the army. Last year, altho a year of 
peace. 14 officers and 358 men were killed 
in action or died of wounds or disease. A 
bill reducing the size of the standing 
army from 40.000 to 35,000 was introduced ; 
into the House of Representatives Jan. 6, j 
by John Sharp Williams of Mississippi. 

It is now estimated that the Panama 
Canal will cost not less than $200.000.000 ' 
instead of $140,000,000 as originally esti- 
mated. 

f A meeting of prominent mine owners 
was held irT""Washington, D. C, Jan. 8, 
to discuss the recent mine disasters and 
how to prevent them. State associations 
of owners will undoubtedly be organized 
which will appoint committees for re- 
search and dissemination of knowledge 
concerning accidents. 

Nearly $8,000,000 was spent in the Uni- 
ted States for automobiles in 1907 ac- 
cording to an estimate of the Asso'n of 
Licensed Automobile M'f'rs. 

There were 27 vessels lost on the Great 
Lakes last season. Fifteen were steamers, 
one of which was the Cypress, but a few 
weeks from the hand of the builder, and 
valued at $300,000. Seven of the boats lost 
were barges and the rest were tugs. 
Nine steamers and one tug were de- 
stroyed by fire. 

Baron Takahira. the new Japanese am- 
1 bassador to the United States, reports 
himself delighted with the appointment. 

The American fleet of warships, under 
Admiral Evans, arrived at Rio de Janeiro, 
Jan. 12. The fleet has now covered 4.600 
miles or about one-third of the distance 
to San Francisco. 



B & B 

75c ancf$l .00 
suitings, 50c 

Shelf emptying puts 
these out at the price- 
order from Lot R 116 
and see how exception- 
al they are. 

42 to 44-inch plaid or 
check suitings-medium 
to dark color combina- 
tions—Reds, Greys or 
Blues— all desirable pat- 
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or Children's dresses— 
50c a yard. 

See these suitings and you will 
be gratified with their unusual 
merit— -texture and dressiness, such 
as have not been shown this year 
at the price. 

Shelf Emptying an all month sale to 
empty shelves of surplus and odd lots — 
causes hundreds similar values to be of- 
fered in every section of the store. 

Those out of town can satisfactorily 
take advantage of these values thru the 
mail — write for what you need and our 
skilled shoppers will select the goods for 
you as if for themselves. 



OAK LAWN FARM 




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Constant importations. Next one due Feb- 
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Wayne, Du Page County, Illinois 



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By special arrangement with RiUekin'a Seed 
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Catalog, with a sample of "Diamond Joe's Big 
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18-70 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



Jan. 18, 1908. 



GRANGE 



THE OHIO STATE GRANGE AND TAX- 
ATION. 



(Note. — The numbers inserted in paren- 
thesis in the following article refer to 
comments on our editorial page. — The Ed- 
itors.) 

In the Ohio Farmer of Dec. 28, 1907, in 
an article headed "Ohio State Grange 
Broad yet Conservative," State Master F. 
A. Derthick .gives his analysis of the ac- 
tion of the Ohio State Grange on taxa- 
tion, and also his conclusions. To appre- 
ciate the action of the State Grange at 
Kenton we will start with the resolu- 
tion at Canton, as suggested. The state 
master offered the following resolution: 

"Resolved, that the Ohio State Grange 
is willing to co-operate with all interests 
in the state in all sincere efforts to de- 
vise a system of taxation that shall be 
wise, just and fair to all the citizens of 
the state." (1) Seeing the danger con- 
tained therein, and not knowing just 
what co-operation State Master Derthick 
had in view. Brother Dunham moved to 
amend by adding the words "but the 
Grange is not committed to any system 
or policy." This was accepted by the 
Worthy Master and appears, without mo- 
tion, as part of the original resolution. I 
think the meaning Brother Dunham had 
in mind would have been better stated 
by changing the word "is" to 'be," as the 
resolution had no reference whatever to 
resolutions already passed, but referred 
wholly to future co-operative efforts with 
other interests. 

I do not find that the executive com- 
mittee of the Ohio State Grange has co- 
operated with any interest to devise a 
system of taxation during the past year, 
but do find that the Ohio State Board of 
Commerce has devised a system and 
asked the Ohio State Grange to endorse it. 

The State Master has been quite ener- 
getic during the year in presenting argu- 
ments along the general lines asked by 
the Ohio State Board of Commerce. 
County after county has been visited by 
the State Master in behalf of the Grange 
and his plea for amending the constitu- 
tion has been made. In some counties he 
has visited their Pomona Granges, in oth- 
ers their public meetings, and the tax- 
ation' question has been discussed from 
his standpoint. I note at some of these 
ratherings. after the State Master had 
completed his address on taxation, a vote 
was taken to see how many endorsed his 
argument. In the meantime, literature, 
prepared by the Ohio State Board of 
Commerce containing special arguments 
in favor of classification of property for 
taxation, is sent to the granges of Ohio 
in generous quantities. 

At the State Grange at Kenton !~rt 
fall we found many delegates who had 
teen instructed to support the State Mas- 
ter's taxation views. (2) Up to the time 
of the State Grange at Kenton the farm- 
er's side had scarcely been mentioned. 
Brother T. R. Smith had written a few 
articles, and a few articles were written 
by others, but these were not printed in 
pamphlet form and distributed to every 
grange, but were printed in some of the 
agricultural papers of Ohio. 

It is true that the National Grange had 
passed resolutions condemning classifi- 
cation of property but this action came 
so close to the meeting of the State 
Grange that the delegates had but little 
time to learn this fact. So it is readily 
scon that the arguments made were about 
all on one side up to this time. And 
you can also see the disadvantage of 
those who were opposed to these plans. 
For in the discussion which took place at 
Kenton the State Master and those who 
stood with him requested one-half of the 
time. The committee on taxation report- 
ed Thursday marning and the report stood 
five to one against classification and in 
favor of a uniform rate. The discussion 
lasted nearly all day, and about the mid- 
dle of the discussion the Stae Master of- 
fered a substitute (see editorial page) for 
the report of the committee. (3) The sub- 
stitute was for "larger liberty" which be- 
ing Interpreted means a low rate for fa- 
vored classes. 

While the discussion was running at 
full speed a motion was carried that the 
substitute be laid on the table and this 
finally took the whole question with it. 
(3%) This action relieved those who had 
been instructed, and at the same time 
prevented the endorsement of classifica- 
tion, and as the Grange was already on 
record for a uniform rate, pleased the 
others, and all in all, left the Grange in 
better relation than could have been ob- 
tained by any other course. 

The State Master says, "The arguments 
advanced at Kenton against the practica- 
bility of the ironclad rate of taxation 
were not disturbed by any one." Then 
why was not his substitute adopted? 
There must have been some things 
proved, and here are some of them as 
it seems to me. It was argued that It is 
the moral duty of every one possessing 
property, whether real or personal, to pay 
taxes on all he has; that, if all men were 
honest, the present system of taxation 
•was sufficient: that, if all property were 
listed at actual value for taxation In 
Ohio, the rate would not be one-half of 
one percent; that the high rate com- 
plained of is caused by the withholding of 
property from the tax list; (I) the same 
governmental machinery that would col- 
lect one-tenth of one percent would col- 
lect any other percent: that the Ohio 
State Grange stands for principle not pol- 
icy: that while the ten commandments 
are over fifty years old they are still true 
and should not be given more elasticity: 
that it was unfair and unpatriotic to as- 
sesa the property of one man at a low 
rate and that of another mar, at a high 
rate; that no particular effort to enforce 
tax laws had been made; (6) that the 



tax jumper should not be hailed as a pub- 
lic benefactor, but made to pay the penal- 
ty the same as any other law-breaker; 
that exemption of property or classifica- 
tion will be against the farmer; that it is 
unwise and unsafe to remove from the 
constitution all safe-guards on taxation; 
that placing the power of taxation in the 
hands of the General Assembly means a 
surrender of the farmer in the matter of 
taxation; that the effort being made in 
Ohio for classification and exemption of 
property is but one step -toward single 
tax. 

But I have shown that enough was said 
to cause some thinking, and could this ar- 
gument have been heard by the granges 
of Ohio. I feel sure not one would have 
voted to instruct their delegates to vote 
for classification. 

"But." says State Master Derthick, "we 
must follow the advice of the tax experts 
and the presidents of our Ohio universi- 
ties." Let me say in passing, I have the 
greatest respect and admiration for the 
three college presidents and two of these 
are personal friends, but I have been giv- 
en my own think-shop, and I can't help 
it if they differ from me on the tax ques- 
tion or any other. But the tax experts are 
in the way. What about them? Let them 
speak for themselves, and then you will 
believe it. The following is taken from 
the Ohio State Journal of Dec. 3, 1907: 

(6) "Doctrines of Taxation. — Professor 
Baldwin, who was a delegate to the Na- 
tional tax conference in this city a few 
days ago, condenses for the Boston Tran- 
script the general principles of the tax 
reform, to which he says all who lay 
claim to the title of tax "expert" would 
substantially agree. They are as follows: 
1. The personal property tax should be 
abolished by state legislation as soon as 
possible. 2. If this is not immediately 
practicable, personal property should be 
taxed at a low rate, in order to facilitate 
the assessment and increase the revenue 
from this source. 3. State and local rev- 
enues should be divorced to a certain ex- 
tent, some taxes being reserved for 
the state, and others assigned to the lo- 
cal units. 4. The most available sources 
of revenue for the state are inheritance 
and corporation taxes, which furjiish at 
least a partial substitute for the decay- 
ing personal property tax. 5. The taxa- 
tion of real estate should be left, as a 
rule, to the local units, which can admin- 
ister it most equitably and effectively. 6. 
The selection of other taxes, state and lo- 
cal, should be determined by the concrete 
conditions and needs of each community." 

Now, brother farmers and Patrons, do 
you agree with the first doctrine? If you 
do. you can swallow the rest. If not, then 
you can see the fallacy of the second. and 
so on down the list. And you will not 
forget that "all who lay claim to the ti- 
tle of tax expert" substantially agree to 
these doctrines. 

(7) After all. what is the status of tax- 
ation in the Ohio State Grange at the 
present time? At the Canton session in 
1906, the committee on taxation reported 
as follows concerning taxation: "First, 
we favor the taxing of public bonds. Sec- 
ond, we recognize franchises as property 
and ask that they be taxed as such. 
Third. We oppose double taxation in any 
form. Fourth. We favor the prompt re- 
enactment of the tax inquisitor law, so 
as to conform to constitutional require- 
ments. Fifth. We favor a uniform rate 
of taxation and believe that all real and 
personal property should be taxed at its 
true value in money." 

This was adopted without a dissenting 
vote, and stands as the platform of the 
Grange till changed or repealed by the 
State Grange. It stands as the action of 
the Grange as much as the election of of- 
ficers, which was held then, or any other 
act unless removed or repealed since. 

Again, the following is the action of 
the executive committee of the Ohio 
State Grange taken at Columbus. Ohio, 
Nov. 7, 1907: "We, the members of the ex- 
ecutive committee of the Ohio State 
Grange, at a regular called meeting held 
at Columbus, Nov. 7. 1907. do hereby 
place ourselves on record as opposed to 
the proposed amendment to the constitu- I 
tion, so as to permit a classification of 
property for the purpose of taxation; but 
we are in favor, if necessary, of such an 
amendment that will compel a just ap- 
praisement of all property at its true val- 
ue in money." To make it more emphatic 
let me call your attention to a resolution 
passed without any opposition at the last j 
session txt Kenton: 

"Resolved, that no officer of the Ohio 
State Grange shall take a public position 
on any public question in the name of the 
State Grange v unless the Ohio. State 
Grange or its executive commitec has en- 
dorsed the same." 

(8) While this clearly places the Grange 
in favor of a uniform rate and against 
classification, the greater importance of , 
this latter resolution lies in its guarding i 
against any future effort, by an offlcer.to 
commit the Grange to a policy not en- 
dorsed by the Ohio State Grange. But | 
when endorsed, he may lightly champion | 
It. in his official capacity, and at the ex- 
pense of the Ohio State Grange. 

I regret the length of this article but to 
have said less would have made it Incom- 
plete and I desired that the exact sit- 
uation be known.— 'C. M. Freeman. 



Tax Question. — A sold B a farm. A to 
pay all taxes due and demandable up to 
190S; B to pay all taxes due and demand- 
able after 1908. There is a ditch tax not 
due or demandable till after 1908. Can B 
bold A for ditch tax after 1908? C. It H.. 
Scott. O. — No. not according to terms In 
your statement. 

Parcel Post.— Every render of the Ohio 
Farmer should write to his Congressman, 
asking *or a, percel post law If every 
farmer would spend 2 cents for this pur- 
pose it would bring the law in short or- 
der. See how the opponents have got 
busy. Let farmers do the same. — H. L. 
Hank. Louisville. Ind. 



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Trial. Best and stronffest. Turns stock as well 
oh poultry. Sri.J for Free Catalog No. 25. Ad. 
dress The Ward Pence Co.. Bos 625 Decatur, In<L, 



nofaclurt-r 

mental Steel Picki 



_ . and Oral- 
st Farm Pence 



SUPERIOR FENCE 

Strongest and best. M.-te .., 

High Carbon ( oiled 
Spring; steel. all > . 

heuriits nod 8{»cinira. 
l*OW I* rices. Eaay Term* 
Write lor Free t ..;.,|.. ■ 
full infoninttluu. 

TIIK SI PERIOR FEVfE CO 
Dept. J? Cleveland. Ohio 




BIG MONEY MAKER 

Would you care to sell 
fence and make big money? 
'Here's your opportunity. Ei- 
usi ve terri tory I or the sale of the 

FROST WIRE FENCE 

entogoodmen. Easiest to sell because 
It's the bf!t fence made. Write for par- 
:lrulars and catalogue. 
THE FROST WIRE FENCE CO., Cltteuho, Otna. 



FREE! 

Until FEB. 1, 1908 

Wo will present absolute" 
lv Iroo with every ow" 
for Weston's Patent (. 
vanizod Gate Attachments 
at $'J.S0, a full paid year's 
subscription to either 

Tho Ohio Farmer cr The Michigan Farmer. 

With thrse attachment* you can make the best swing and 
slide gate ever used. Will not bind or iaff, Endorsed by hun- 
dreds of farmers and railroads. We guarantee satisfaction or 
money refunded. Write for our free CAUlof and full inform- 
ation of our special offer. We refer you to the publisher of 
this paper as to our reliability. 

WESTON GATE CO. 65 Hali Avenue. NORTH DOVER. OHIO 



POSTS FOR SALE-Locust,Chestnut 

LINE »nd ANCHOR. OAK LOTS ONLY 

DRUMM0ND WIRE FENCE CO.. CHILI.IC0TIIE. 0. 



G0IL SPRING FENCE 




! Made of high carbon Steel V I re 
i Horse-high. Bull-strong, Chick, 
en-tight. Sold direct to the 
Farmer st lowest manufac- 
turers prices on 30 Days Free 
; Trial, freight prepaid. lOOnaire „ 
I Catalogue and price-list free. W . 
KITSELMAN BROS., fcjj 
Bos 277 MUflCIE, IND. S3 



WIRE FENCE 



^^"rtS^rT-ZuC 

no* Best l.if'i can .n. roiled ttrrl 
„ A »prin» * ire. r>tal<« of ftnrrt. 



to..|, and suprl 't IKKI. I 
direct at w l.ulesaW. Wnt. 
today 

MASON FENCE CO , 
Box 64, Leesburg, Ohio 



BP** 



Stronger, f 

Ma do 



Medcof Hifh Carbon Double Strength 
led V no. Heavily Calvaniaed to 



I^^jsjr<sjts#aatf^ no agent.. 

Sw^a*^aS>a«l'actory prices on 30 daya' free trial. 

mm 



allfr«i|ht. : . b.-iifht*of farm 
&nd |H>uItrr ft* n or. Catalog (">•«. 

COILED SPRING FENCE CO. 
JJox Winchester, Indiana 



Locust and Chestnut Posts for Sale < 

NAILERS, WIRE and ANCHOR POSTS 

E S. CUXjBERTSON. IKONTON. OHIO «• for rrtces.' D. I. 



V 




LARGE 

STRONG 



Get Our Free Sample ■ 

and rigidness. then look to the (Jalvaniilnc. 
ec how thick tnat is. Wo want you to satisfy yot 
yon. Brown Fence is the best fence to buy fc 



section. 
MifTness 

tie It and 
self that 
Horses, 

aule," Sheep, rigs. Chickens, etc. Our fences are made of extra 
w Moel Wire, -Doth strand and stay wires No. » gauge. 

BROWN WIRE FENCE 

Sells At 15 to 35 Cents Per Rod Delivered-WE PAY FREIGHT 

Easy to put np. Ball-proof and Pig-tieht. Stands stanch, solid and rig. d. Wont 
sag or l>.ig down. Our prices are less than you would pay for much lighter fencea, 
—fences not half so durable. Write today for sample and catalog showing 133 styles. 

ihk kkown ramus & wzrs co- Cleveland, ohio. 



Jan. 18. 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



19—71 



VETERINARY 



(Conducted by W. C. Fair, V. S.) 
Advice through this department is free 
to our subscribers. Each communication 
should state history and symptoms of the 
case in full; also name and address of 
writer. Initials only will be published. In 
acute cases, where we believe that imme- 
diate treatment will be necessary, reply 
will be made by return mail, free. 

HORSES. 

Nasal Catarrh. — Horse is thin in flesh 
and has a cough. When coughing he dis- 
charges from nose and mouth. Another 
mare has glands of neck swollen. J. A. 
W., Mesa, Wash. — Give 1 dr. powdered 
sulfate iron, Yz dr. powdered lobelia and 
3 dr. ground gentian in feed, 3 times a 
day. For other horse apply equal parts 
camphorated oil and tincture iodine to en- 
larged glands every day or two. Also give 
a teaspoonful of syrup iodide iron in feed 
night and morning. 

Stands on Foot. — Weak Back. — Horse 
has habit of standing with one hind foot 
upon the other, cutting hoof badly. J. G. 
D., Elyria, O.— Give 2 dr. carbonate pot- 
ash in feed, night and morning. Put a 
side calk on inside of hind shoe, well for- 
ward and make it dull, then he will not 
cut or wound coronet when standing in 
this position. It is often necessary to 
protect the hoof with a leather shield cov- 
ered with zinc. 

Indigestion — Surfeit. — Colt came from 
pasture in poor condition. Its back is cov- 
ered with small bunches and hair is rough. 
G. B. B.. Lodi. O.— Give 1 dr. Fowler l s so- 
lution, 3 dr. fluid extract gentian, 3 dr. 
' fluid extract cinchona and V 2 oz. ground 
ginger in feed, 2 or 3 times a day. Fee 1 
well-salted bran mash or vegetables to 
keep bowels open. 

Indigestion — Stocking. — Horse's legs 
stock when standing in stable. He scours 
after driving. A. E. P., Jefferson, 'O. — 
Give 2 dr. fluid extract gentian. 2 dr. 
fluid extract cinchona and 1 dr. Fowler's 
solution in feed, 3 times a day. Also give 
Yz oz. powdered rosin in feed, twice a day, 
until legs cease stocking. 

Bunch on Leg. — Horse has hard swell- 
ing on fore leg about the size of a pint 
measure. His leg is crooked and bunch 
seems to cause stiffness. J. V. B., Finley- 
ville. Pa. — A bunch that has been on that 
length of time can not be removed with 
drugs. A surgical operation might be ad- 
visable but I doubt it. If it does no harm, 
better leave it alone or consult your vet- 
erinarian. 

Thrush — Enlarged Coronet. — Colt has 
been lame on fore leg for past 3 months. 
Coronet seems sore and feverish, and dis- 
charge comes from side of frog. There is 
no soreness. J. W. H.. Quincy, O. — Apply 
calomel, night and morning, to frog; also 
apply equal parts tincture iodine and 
camphorated oil to coronets, once a day. 

Thick Urine. — Indigestion. — Mare occa- 
sionally passes a worm and her urine is 
thick find yellow. D. H. A., Van Wert, O. 
— Give 3 dr. gentian, 1 dr. powdered sul- 
fate iron and 2 dr. powdered rosin in 
feed, twice a day. 

Abnormal Heat. — Filly when in pres- 
ence of other horses, acts as tho she was 
always in heat. In this condition she is 
dangerous, but when not she is very mild 
and docile. A. M. M., Millersport, O.— 
Give Y2 oz. powdered nitrate potash, 2 or 
3 times a day, only when she is in heat. 
Also feed her vegetables instead of grain 
when she is in this condition. Apply equal 
parts extract witch-hazel, alcohol and wa- 
ter to capped hocks 3 times a day. 

Foot Puncture. — Mule received foot i 
puncture some time ago, which produced j 
considerable suppuration. L. S. S.. Rising 
Fawn, Ga. — Keep foot clean and apply 
hydrogen-peroxide twice a day. After do- 1 
ing so apply iodoform, boric acid and tan- 
nic acid to parts, twice a day. 

CATTLE. 

Mange. — Cow has skin eruption almost 
all over body. H. H., Columbus. O. — Give ! 
1 dr. iodide potassium, 2 dr. sulfate iron \ 
and 1 dr. Fowler's solution in feed, 3 [ 
times a day. Also apply any one of the 1 
coal-tar disinfectants, making solution 1 
to 30. Apply it every day. 

Calves Scour. — Calves suddenly become 
weak and dumpish and their bowels move 
too freely. E. R. W., Geneva, O.— Give 1 
oz. ground ginger. Y z oz. powdered sulfate 
iron and 2 dr. powdered catechu two or 
three times a day. Also give 2 drops cre- 
osote 3 times a day. 

Enlargement in Udder. — Cow has sever- 
al growths in udder. Bunches disappear 
almost entirely, but soon return. J. L., 
Casstown, O. — Apply 1 part camphorated 
oil and 2 parts tincture iodine to bunches 
once a day. Also give 1 oz. syrup iodide 
iron in feed, night and morning. 

HOGS. 

Hogs Take Cold. — Shotes were doing 
well, and suddenly they got thin and did 
not eat as they should. They are weak 
in hind quarters. A. L. B., Mt. Healthy. 
O. — Keep your hogs dry and warm. Give 
them equal parts ground gentian, ginger, 
cinchona and sulfate iron, a teaspoonful 
to 3 or 4 pigs, 2 or 3 times a day. 

Blisters rn Skin. — Young pig has many 
small blisters on skin, about size of a pea. 
As the pig grows the blisters form scabs 
and spread. J. A. M.. Norwalk. O. — Apply 
1 part coal-tar disinfectant and 5 parts 
vaseline to sores, once a day. 



If You Read This 

It will be to learn that the leading med!« 
cal writers and teachers of all the several 
schools of practice recommend, in the 
strongest terms possible, each and every 
ingredient entering into the composition 
of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery 
for the cure of weak stomach, dyspepsia, 
catarrh of stomach, "liver complaint," 
torpid liver, or biliousness, chronic bowel 
affections, and all catarrhal diseases of 
Whatever region, name or nature. It is 
also a specific remedy for all such chronic 
or long standing cases of catarrhal affec- 
tions and their resultants, as bronchial, 
throat and lung disease (except consump- 
tion) accompanied with severe coughs. It 
is not so good for acute colds and cough*, 
but for lingering, or chronic cases it is 
especially efficacious in producing per- 
fect cures. It contains Black Cherrybarl:, 
Golden Seal root, Bloodroot, Stone root, 
Handrake root and Queen's root— all of 
which are highly praised as remedies for 
all the above mentioned affections by such 

Eminent medical writers and teachers as 
•rof. Bartholow, of ^Jefferson Med. Col- 
lege; Prof. Harrverf the Univ. of Pa.; 
Prof. Finley-^ttfngwood, M. D., of Ben- 
nett Med. College, Chicago; Prof. John 
King, M. It.', of Cincinnati ; Prof. John 
M. ScuddenTM. £>., of Cincinnati; Prof. 
Edwin M^Iaie, M. D., of Hahnemann 
Med. Cpnege'; Chicago, and scores of 
others/Wi«rally eminent in their several 
Schq&gsoi practice. 

he " Gold en .Me dical Discovery" Is the 




.^JfrgESl ordinary teiti" - 
mflhlals. Open publicity of its formula 
is the best possible guaranty of its merits. 
A glance at this published formula will 
show that "Golden Medical Discovery" 
contains no Doisonous, harmful or habit- 
forming drugs and no alcohol— chemically 
pure, triple-refined glycerine being usad 
instead. Glvcerine is entirely unobjsc- 
tionable and besides is a most usef ur age:>t 
in the cure of all stomach as well as bron- 
chial, throat and lung affections. Thevo 
is the highest medical authority for its 
use in all such cases. The "Discovery " is 
a concentrated glyceric extract of native, 
medicinal i .-ots and is safe and reliable. 

A booklet of extracts from eminent, 
medical authorities, endorsing its ingre- 
dients mailed free on request. Address 
Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y. 



Cotswold Sheep 

Lincoln rams. Jersey cattle, bulls cows ond heif- 
ers. Barred Plymouth Rocks. Duroc-Jersey swine. 
I/. It. KTJNEY, Adrian, Mich. 



LARGE, healthy, well-wooled Shropshire ewes 
for sale, right uge, right kind, bred to extra 
good rams. Also ewe and ram lamlis. Inspection 
invited. C. I.EM ION, HAMBURG, MICHIGAN. 



"For Sale — 35 Reg. Southdown & Shrop. ranis &ram 
A lambs : Also a few Oxford and Southdown ewes. 
W. L. PORTER & SON, Atwater, Portage Co., O. 



Cav S2SlA~ *<& e ' Bl ackT °P Spanish Merino 
' "* WOI^ ewes. 2 to 5 years old, hred to 
lamb in March by a noted sire. 40 rams for next 
yea'r's trade. CLOVER HILL STOCK & POULTRY 
FARM, J. B. GATES, Prop., Beallsville, Ohio. 



Reg'd Delaine Ewes and Rams, M. B. 
Turkeys. S. C. Brown Leghorns. 

Address H, J. SHAMHART, Quaker City, Ohio. 



SHROPSHIRES SyifoV.^^ 

both sexes. T. B. BENNINGTON Grafton. Ohio. 



"WATCH FOR OUR 

PUBLIC MARCH SALE! 

of 800 registered and grade DELAINES, Write for 
particulars. J. C. TOBIAS & SON, Bucyrus .Ohio. 



McKeefrey Farm Jerseys 

and BERKSHIRES 

HIGH-CLASS STOCK AT LOW PRICES. 
McKEEFREY FARM. LEETONIA, Ohio 

The Village Farm Jerseys 

Fine solid-colored bull calf, dropped Dec. 17, 1907. 
Sired by our Melia Ann bull, The Village Farm King 
No. 75690. W. H. PRICE, WOCTDVIJ.LE, O. 



A 



YRSHIRES 

— For Sale— 

A choice lot of Cowh and Heifers. Also Dunraven 
of St. Anne 7662, 6 years old; 16 1st prizes to his 
credit at state fairs; quiet and n sure breeder. 
3 yearling bails and some fine bull calves. Address 

HOWARD COOK &SON, Beloit, Ohio 




SHORTHORNS 



COTTAGE HILL FARM, 

D. R. HANNA, Proprietor 

2B Shorthorn Hulls at farmers' prices. Also some he 
—lull', and Canadian bred— will ho suld cheap as wo have out- 
grown our stahle room utul they must he sold to make room for 
calves. For catalogs and prices addr.JOIIN liAHDKN.Uaveiina.u. 



RAVENNA. 
OHIO. 



rd headers 



a Shorthorn isulitt Ready for Service 
Sired by Lord Crocus, he by Lord Mistle- 
toe (81522), out of Imp. Sweet Crocus, both 
bred by Wm. Duthle, Collynie, Scotland, 
Lord Mistletoe sired by the famous Lovat 
Champion (74948). Norton Kenney^Columhus Grove, Put, Co. O. 



pol. \ Nl) . CHINA lid \ US 

*■ ready for service. Sows and pigs 
at all ages. One good yearling Shr >p 
(Bshire ram. Barred Plymouth 

Rock chickens. H. A. YOST, Camden. Ohio 

iPoland=Chinas 

IS WIMIIM «n»m«p 

Pakin.SowB all ages bred. Good onej 
'cheap. WrlteJaa A. Eick.Hibbi tt*,0. 

T>Or.AM>-< hin 18— Bred tight 
J for practical, profitable results. All ages. both 
sexes. Speciail low prices now. Catalog free. 
MAPLE WOOD STOCK FARM. Allegan, Mich. 

♦ OQ will buy a fine Poland-China sow, bred: or a 
~*' v ' male ready for tsrvica, ot Chief Perlection 
2nd strain. A. J. HAIR & SON, CELINA, OHIO. 

Q/"i Choice September Poland-China pigs, either 
sex, for $7.00 each: eligible to registry. 
JNO. A. IRION, GAL1.1POLIS. OHIO. 

Deland China) — Service) Boars; Gilts bred: Fall 
- 1 - pigs, Meddler strain. Prices right. Representa- 
tions guaranteed. .1 H. Burkholder, Archbold. O 

Cracking good Boars — A string of extra choice 
^ Poland-China boars from prize-winning and 
other dams. C. S. EPPLEY, Zanesville, Ohio. 



T* WT C\ Young Shorthorn bulls, one a grandson ' Pol fl Tl d -fill i Tl fl — 50 Sept. pigs, both sexes: 
■*■ w v of Imp. Bapton Diamond, and u„ extra ulftuu 10 service boars ; bred 

good one. N. B. SANFOR1). STRYKER. OHIO. Prices reas'ble. L. C. McLaughlin, I'leasantvllle.O. 



Xpor Sale— Reg. Shorthorns, good milkers : all ages. (Iloans or 
Reds) Bulls and heifer calves, $:i5 Pol ..China Sow pigs, 
$5. Pedigreed. LEESKR BROS., Akron, Ohio. 



40 Choice Shorthorn^i^ a u :;i 

er. Cumberland. O. (Farm 1 mile w. <>f Cumberland.) 



Choice Red Polls of Both Sexes 

at Bargain prices. C. A. SHURTZ, Gay-sport, O. 



TaiilWfirfh Swine for Sale — All ages, pairs and 
■ aiiinviiM trios, not akin. The best English 
blood. K. S. HAWK, .Michauicsburg. Ohio. 



polaiid-C'liinas-SKRVICK BOARS, Bred Sows 
i- and Fall pigs, Meddler and Chief Perfection 
2nd blood. MARION MATTICKS. Ulenmont. Ohio 



f\0 YOU WANT SIZE, BONE and Large Litters? 

UoUK Poland-Chinas 



■ RANT SHROP, Atwuter. Ohio. 



HEREFORDS- choice young bulls and heifers 
at BARGAIN PRICKS. Write us for wants. 
BLAKULY BKOS., Carditis; ton, Ohio 



Polled Durhams 



fine y'l'g bull calves, 1 
l'g heifer;all reg. Were in 



my show herd. A. LeSOURD, Bellefontaine, O. 



BELLE-VERNON FARM GUERNSEYS 

The Largest and Strongest Stock of the Breed 

Head your herd with a Guernsey bull and improve 
the color and quality of your milk. Young bulls 
and calves for stile. Farmers' prices. Address 
Belle-Vernou I'arms, ' Willoughby , Ohio. 



HHT C T IT T "\J C For Sale— best strains. 

nyj*-'<j i JL-irNO Won more prlaea ,„ 

1907 than any other breeder in the state. 

J. R. ROSS & SONS, R. 5, Blanchester, Ohio. 



Poland-China s~ Bie K, '" wtllv s,,r 

Write to W. I). STR1CKER, R 1, Marys ville, Ohio. 



Poland-Chinas,; . 

GEO. R. GREEN, R. I. Willoughby, Ohio. 



Poland Chinas , — ' 

and April, and a few fancy fall boars. Oct my 
prices. G. S. HAH., rAKMDALE, OHIO, 



A 2 to 3 Mos.Old Pig, Express Paid 

in exchange for a few days of your upare time. 
Vou invest no money. Send for particulars at once. Address 
PENNA, HKiiKSHIRE CO., Fannettsburg, Penna. 



Holstein-FrieMan Bull Calves.— From 2 months 
to service age. Only a few left. Write now. 
Prices low. Knapp & Pierce, East CI arid on. Ohio. 



It 



egistered Holsteins — Bull calves. 8 to 12 weeks 
old. From high fat-testing ancestors. 
FLOYD M. PELTON, LA ■ GRANGE, OHIO. 



RED POLLED Cattle — Choice BULL & 
HEIFER CALVES For Sale. 
DR. D. F. BAKER. 4^4 The Arcade. Cleveland, O 



A I C SPRING PIGS 
" w " Ready to Ship 

H. S. NELSON, n " 0 r l " s 5 e n'o°i HI0 ' 



D AvIrehlVA* - 40 bred s°™s, bred to Longfellow Prem- 
DSrKdflirea ier98700,Sire and Dam both Grand Cham- 
pions at the Universal Exposition, St. Louis, 190*, Adages for 
sale.Send for circ a price list. Maple Leaf Farms, Millershurg.O. 



D AptfcllirAC — Four choice Service boars, young 
U6I Hdllll BO bows bred; some Choice Aug. boar 
pigs; fine breeding. ORMEL COLE, Findlay. Ohio. 



First prize at Ohio State Fair won by my large 
English Berkshire boar. Have other 800-lb.and 
imported boars. 80 Berk, sows.boars & pigs for sale, 
ARTHUR C. ADAMS. Westerville. Ohio. 



)rize wiuiiing: Berkshire* — 150 head to select 
from. Write your wants, we can please you. 
ETZLER & MOSES. CONVOY, OHIO. 



Large English Berkshires — Service boars, gilts, 
bred for April farrow. Will price right. Good 
pedigree. LINCOLN BAKER, Plain City, Ohio. 



01. C. and Imp. Chester-Whites. — Registered, 
For Sale. Prize herd boar Jumbo 1269S. So* s, 
serv. boars, pigs. L. F. MARTIN, Newtown. Obi... 

WRITE A. H.FRANKS. HCNTSVILLK. 0 
(111! lb o. I, C. swine. 40 sows to breed; 30 
boars for service, and fall pigs in pairs no kin. 



Chester- White Swine^S sows" 

open; pairs no akin. Easy-feeding kind with plenty 
of bone and vigor. As represented or monev re- 
funded. H. L. STEWART, R. 6, Tiffin, Ohio. 



Large Eng. Berkshires— 15 choice sows, bred to imported 
boar; 15 Choice Sow pigs; 10 hoar pigs, all first-class 
—cheap. H. P. B A U G H M A N, Wadsworth. Ohio 



Large English lSerknliires — Sows bred to far- 
row in Mar.& Apr. Boars readv for service. Fall 
pigs not akin. THOS. E. EBERSOI.E. Carrollton.o. 



English Berkshire Swine- 
Satisf'n guar. M.B. Turkeys, br'd'g torus, wt. 



47 lbs., hens. 30 lbs 



-Reg. Extra good 
•keys, br'd'g torn! 
H. B. Vaughan, Ona, W. Va. 



ICDCCV C -Registered Stock and 
JCnOCIO HIGH PRODUCERS. 
LARGE IMPROVED VADVCUIDCC 
PEDIGREED Stock, ■ UI\rVOnil\C9 

E. E. STEVENS, R. 3, Madison, Lake Co., Ohio. 



Berkshlres-J e ° u ^eVoo 0 fonls CHEAP. 

C. W. HEIM, R. 2, MOULTRIE, OHIO. 



L. H. Martin-Chester-Whites 

Boars and Sows for Sale. Alexandria, Ohio 

Write for sho« Chester-Whites A11 ag>-s f. r sale, 
record of our Describe what you 

want. Address HARDIN BROS.. Box 0-169, Liuta.o. 

. Chester-White Sp 0 "i! e D „ g . 8 wriie bredor 

E. B. SMUCKER, SMITHVILLE, OHIO. 



Imp 



July Pigs PUCCTCD UfUITCQ Young - 
either sex Unto I tn=iinl I L J bred. ON E 
HERD BOAR. H.A. Hoskins, Pomero?, 11 



Duroc= Jersey Brood SowBargains 

25 gilts bred for March ^nd April farrow, $15 to (£0. 
Ured to a grandson of Kaut-be-Beat and gram) hud 
of King-to-Be. Choice fall pigs of either Bftx. 
A few service bonrs. Polled Dnrham bargains. Reg. 
Write E. F. COOVEB. Clarksburg, Ross Co.. O. 



Poland-Chinas— Breeding 40 Y'lings 

and gilts for spring farrow to two boars of Peter 
Mouw's breeding. Their sires weighed over 1000 lbs. 
65 fall pigs from sam6 boars. 6 extra good service 
b'rs.Wh.Hol.'i'kys. L. B. 1IARNF.R, R. 3. Xenla.O 



s and male 
China. Eng. 

lish. Toulouse geese and Buff Orpingtons for sale. 
Address C. P. Luttrell, Luttrell, care Octa, Ohio. 



Poland-China Hogs— A few good g 
pigs at reasonable prices. Brov 



JERSEY CATTLE-BERKSHIRE HOGS 

KHOUG ISLAND REDS. 

R. P. SHANNON. 907 Liberty St., Pittsburg, Pa 



Jerseys bull < 



tered COWS, HEIFERS and 
, CALVES at reasonabl 
HUSSEY. Mt. Pleasant, Ohio. 



REGISTERED POLAND-GHINAS-40 

SOWS bred for spr. farrow, SERVICE BOARS, all of Lest 
bl'd * best individuals raised in my 30 yrs.' experience Prices 
reasonable. Farm at Ft. Ancient. L.C.NIXON, Box O.Lebanon, O. 



IXroad Meadow Stock Farm — A number of young 
J' Jersey Bulls and Chester-White hogs. If you 
want one, say so. F. P. DILL, Westerville, Ohio. 



Poland-Chinas— Special price for 30 flays on 
choice service boars, bred sows, fall pigs. Ped. 
furnished. Write wants. U.D.Liles & Son, Collins, O. 



(LEASE say "SAW IT IN OHIO FARMER " 
when writing to our advertisers. 



DuroC" Jersev st ^ l,re ;l for V u 

wmivv »si «»J **Apr. f ar w. Have a fev 

Fall pigs in pairs or trioB.no kin. Well-bred rtock 

reasonable. J. B. FINNEY & SONS, Millcrsbttrg, o. 



Durocs-All ages. Sows bred: pigs, either sex. not 
akin. Heavy. boned, good colors. Salisf'n guar, 
or money-refunded. R- J. Henderson, Adena, Ohio. 



T\rROC-JERSKYS— Sows bred f..: 

pigs. Buff Rocks, choice breeding at farmers' 
prices. GEO. W. CRIM, L'brichsvllle, Ohio. 



gilts. $15. ALBERT NYE. New Washington. O. 



blood. J. J. Zimmerman & Sou, Washington C.H..O. 



Hncr Torm IH'ROCS- Boars ready f.r 
ug -«- dim 8er , , Bred b< 
L. C. Mc C L P R K, I.. Box lo«3. Gallon. Ohio 



CROC JERSEYS— service b"ars, bred s..«s, 
gilts, fall pigs. I guarantee them to please. 
E. E. MILLER, Van Wert, Ohio. 



1) 



Breach of Contract. — A buys hay from 
B at a certain price and is to bale it in 
two weeks' time, at which time he is to 
pay for it. The price of hay drops about 
$2 before the time for baling and A re- 
fuses to take the hay. Can B collect dam- 
ages? R. S. S.— A may tender the hay to 
B and sue him for the entire price, or he 
may sue him for his damages which will 
be the difference in the price of the hay 
at the time of making the contract and 
at the time when the hay was to be paid 
for. — H. I,. S. 




My Catalog Will Quote You 
Prices That Save You 33 %% 

I want to send you my big, new 1908 Book, containing 192 pages of Split Hickory Tleasnre Vehicle 
Bargains, anl full line of Harness. A postal addressed to mo will get it FREE, posmge prepaid. 
I will quote you prices that I guarantee to save you 33'^ to 60%, and will send you any vehicle 
made by my Company on THIRTY DAYS' FREE TRIAL and guarantee it TWO YEARS — this 
guarantee backed up by my two big vehicle factories, in Cincinnati and Columbus, Ohio. 

SPLIT HICKORY VEHICLES 

Are Known and Used Everywhere 

I wUlbuild yoo a bugpy just as you want It, trim it likoyou want it trimmed, paint It any 
color you want, stripe it to suit you, give you correct proportion whether you want a t ;] 
medium or heavy bujrgy, and I will save you 23}6%. My line of vehicles consists of all kinds and 
all styles of Top Buggies, Automobile Seat Two-iu-One Buggies, handsome Runabouts w ith fan •>* 
Beats, regular seats and automobile seats. Phaetons, Carriages, Surreys, Spring Wagons, and 
Harness. Write for my big free Catalog today. Address me personally, and 1 will see that you 
l?et one promptlv, by return mall. Address 

H. C. Phelps, President. THE OHIO CARRIAGE MFG. COMPANY, 
Station 33, Columbus, Ohio 



Guar* 
an teed 
Two 
Years 





20—72 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



HOUSEHOLD ] 



WOMEN'S SESSIONS AT FARMERS' 
INSTITUTES. 



During the institute week closing 
Dec. 14, we were in attendance at two 
institutes at which the women were 
given one session for the discussion of 
subjects of pre-eminent interest to 
them. This is not a novelty, but entire- 
ly too few institute organizations are 
mindful of woman's interests in mak- 
ing up their programs. There was a 
time when for a woman to open her 
lips in meeting was considered very 
i'orward and the occasion of a remon- 
strance from the spiritual leader of 
the community. For some cause the 
sterner sex has made a practice of si- 
iencing its better half on public occa- 
sions by furnishing no opportuni- 
ty for discussing subjects of pecu- 
liar interest to her, and relying 
upon her natural timidity to main- 
tain her silence. But, like Ban- 
quo's ghost, she will not down. 
By tact and a splendid show of reason 
and complete mastery of the situation 
wherever she has been accorded a trial, 
she has been accorded a set time by 
some program committees, to be used 
as she sees fit. 

Farm women are directly interest- 
ed in every farm operation. They 
have furnished almost half t>f the at- 
tendance at the institutes of this state, 
and have sat thru whole institutes lis- 
tening to crop rotation, soil, improve- 
ment, best methods of growing various 
crops and fruits, and latest practices 
in stock management. Woman is inter- 
ested in all of these, but should she 
not be given an opportunity for dis- 
cussing subjects that are especially near 
to her ; to learn methods of doing things 
accepted religiously as a duty and an 
obligation; of learning of short cuts 
in household labors; of knowing more 
of the scientific principles underlying 
the very many things which she -does? 
We all learn by knowing the why, the 
principles involved, the causes under- 
lying. Things uninteresting before and 
unattractive become positively at- 
tractive when considered in all of their 
relations, and in the light of cause an 1 
effect. 

We men have not half appreciated 
a woman's work. We have not consid- 
ered that there is such a thing as do- 
mestic science ,or if we have, we have 
been too prone to think it of no par- 
ticular moment. There is a wonderful 
range of subjects of peculiar interest 
to women, which call for study and 
discussion. At one institute, the wo- 
men discussed "The Servant or Help 
Proposition on the Farm," "Methods 
of Beautifying the Home," "Scientific 
Bread - Making Demonstrated," and 
"Home Amusements." At another in- 
stitute the women's session had the 
following subjects considered: "Time 
Savers or Conveniences About the 
Home," "The Passing of the Setting 
Hon, or Artificial Incubation and 
Brooding," "Home Sanitation." and 
Methods of Preparation of Foods." Do 
these not suggest that the women 
should be given an opportunity to 
take part at the institutes in a dif- 
ferent way from preparing the 
lunch and furnishing the entertain- 
ment of the program? And would it 
not be good for the men to listen dur- 
ing at least one session to subjects 
which should not be entirely uninter- 
esting to them? 

I would urge those who have not 
made their program to place a part of 
it at the disposal of the women. There 
need not be a whole session, but by 
all means see to it that the ladies 
have a chance to take a more active 
part in the serious work of the ses- 
sions. — Frank Blackford, Preble Co., 
Ohio. 



SMOKINC MKAi. 



One of the essentials in smoking 
moat is to avoid overheating it. which 
happens when the fire is too close and 
directly under. A few years ago I 
built a small smoke-house of matched 
pine, covering it with the same. It was 
almost air-tight, and I thought it 
would be great, and it was — a great 
failure. While I was careful to have 
only a little fire at a time, the smoke- 
house was so small and close that al- 
most before I knew it the hams were 
as black as night and nearly roasted. 



I then ventilated the building by 
boring a lot of holes in the gables, and 
while that helped it some, it was nev- 
er satisfactory till I carried the smoke 
into the house from a fire outside the 
building. I fitted a sheet-iron cover to 
a cauldron kettle, and cut a hole in the 
cover, into which a joint of stovepipe 
was fitted. The kettle was set about 
four feet from the smoke-house, and 
by means of an elbow and two more 
joints of pipe the smoke was carried 
into the smoke-house. In this way the 
hams were never heated, and all dan- 
ger of burning house, hams and all 
was entirely avoided. We start a smoke 
about eveTy other day till the meat is 
of the right complexion, and the job 
is done and well done. 

The Farmers' Mutual Insurance Co. 
for this county is frequently called on 
to pay losses of burned meat. It calls 
for fine care to smoke meat with the 
fire directly under it and avoid dan- 
ger, and the result is never so good, 
at the best, as where the smoke is 
cooled before reaching the meat. 

I have known first-rate results with 
only a barrel for a smoke-house, when 
the smoke was carried under and into 
it by means of a trench in the ground. 
Less pickled pork and more bacon is 
now made than formerly thruout the 
country, and its proper curing is an 
important matter. — E. P. Snyder, Hu- 
ron Co., O. 



WORK FOR WINTER DAYS. 

There are many things which 
should be done now in order to lighten 
the work which spring and summer 
always bring. One of these is the 
year's sewing. It is uphill work to sew 
in the warm season of the year, when, 
even if we have the time for it, we 
would sc much rather spend that time 
out of doors. But now, with the weath- 
er down around the zero point, let us 
do up enough plain sewing to last till 
next winter. Work dresses and 
aprons, work shirts and overalls— that 
is, of course, where the two last men- 
tioned are made at home, as few are 
nowadays — nightdresses, muslin un- 
derwear, sheets, pillow slips, towels 
and tablecloths can all be made up in 
quantities, for there is no danger of 
these articles going out of fashion be- 
fore they can be worn out. 

Then there are the cast-off garments 
to be disposed of into carpets and rugs. 
It is a good plan to sort the garments 
before cutting, for the light-weight 
rags work up best in carpets, and 
heavy ones make far better rugs. 

Use black stocking legs to make a 
stripe in your carpet. Cut around in- 
stead of lengthwise, and you can cut 
from top to heel in just one strip, and 
not have much sewing to do on these. 
Use knit underwear for rugs, cutting 
around a" you do the stocking legs. 
Ordinary width carpet rugs can be 
used for rugs, but better results are 
obtained if the rags are cut wider so 
as to make a heavier rug. Old woolen 
dresses make nice centers for rugs, and 
odds and ends of bright colors can us- 
ually be found in sufficient quantities 
for the fancy stripes. 

Underwear must of course be dyed 
before weaving. Copperas makes a good 
durable color, and is inexpensive. Put 
the copperas to soak the day before 
you wish to do the coloring. Also fill 
a kettle half full of wood ashes, fill 
with water and bring to a boil, then let 
stand to settle. In the morning drain 
off the lye water from the ashes. Have 
enough of this and also of the copper- 
as water to cover the goods well. Dip 
the rags first into the copperas water 
and then in the lye, repeat till the de- 
sired color; rinse and dry without 
freezing. For a good blue take enough 
ordinary box blue to make the water 
a dark blue. Dip the rags in the blue, 
then in alum water; rinse and dry the 
same as for copperas. No boiling Is 
required for either color. 

Two nice rugs may be made from 
these colors if you have some black or 
a dark color to use. Make one of the 
copperas, having each alternate thread 
of black. And have the second rug 
made in the same manner, of blue and 
black. 

Now for some bedroom rugs, which 
are both dainty, and serviceable, as 
they can be washed. Sew some plain 
white rags for the center and en^s of 
the rug. and sew indigo blue calicoes 
for stripe near each end. Have the 
warp white. These are very pretty over 
matting. — Nettie Williams. Seneca 
Co.. O. 



Important to all Women 

Readers of this Paper. 

Women are as subject to kidney 
trouble as men, which fact is often 
overlooked. 

Many woman's complaints often 
prove to be nothing else but kidney 
trouble, or the result of kidney or 
bladder disease. 

If the kidneys are not in a healthy 
condition, they will cause the other Or- 
gans to become diseased. 

You may suffer a great deal with 
pain in the back, bearing-down feel- 
ings, headache and loss of ambition. 

Poor health makes you nervous, irri- 
table and may be despondent; it 
makes any one so. 

But thousands of irritable, nervous, 
tired and broken-down women have re- 
stored their health and strength by the 
use of Swamp-Root, the great Kidney, 
Liver and Bladder Remedy. 

Swamp-Root brings new life and ac- 
tivity to the kidneys, the cause of such 
troubles. 

Many send for a sample bottle to see 
what Swamp-Root, the great Kidney, 
Liver and Bladder Remedy will do for 
them. Every reader of this paper.who 
has not already tried it, may address 
Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton, N. Y., 
and receive sample bottle free by mail. 



New Jersey Farms 

S5 Down-.$|00" S5Month, y 

Big money ia being made by truckers, frnit 
growers and poultry men in South Jersey. 
Climute and soil particularly adapted to fruits, 
berries, early truck, vegetables, poultry and 
squabs. Produce marketed much earlier than in 
other localities, thus bringing highest prices. 

The best markets, Atlantic City, only 17 
miles away: Philadelphia and New York aie 
handily reached. Three main line railroads. 
Good roads. Pure air and water. Two large 
manufacturing towns nearby. Prosperous 
community. Title insured. Write today for 
free booklet. 



DANIEL FRAZIER CO. ,757 Bailey Bids . Philadelphia. Pa. 




For information 



The NATION'S GARDEN SPOT 

along the 

ATLANTIC COAST LINE RAILROAD 

in Virginia. North and South Carolina. Georgia, 
Alabama and Florida write to Wll.ltl K .lie. 
COY, Agricultural anil ImiiiiKratiou 
Agent, Jackson ville, Florida. 



Homeseekers,L 
Come to Tennessee 



ami timber lands of a]] 
deRr-riptions for sale, 
with and without im- 
provements. $5 per ! 
acre up. Mild climate, healthy, happy farm era, big 
crops, splendid mnrkets. Catalog free. 
B.T.WATKINSACO.,819 E. Main St.Richmond, Va 



Tennessee produce growers most 
rtuaatel; -t . ■.: I Tennewec 
proi'uce reaches south- 
ern market* just as ex- 
treme ftouthero-crown 
produce is exhaaBed, and reaches northern markets seteral 
weeks earlier than northern -Town stuff, thus eoamudfau 
very best prices both north and eouth. From $100 to MNm 
acre cleared from Cantaloupe. Cahba?e and Tomato crops ia 
TYnnesseu in IW7; notwithstanding, this land is selling foi 
from $ . to $20 an acre. Excellent climate: pure water. >\.r 
descriptive literature ad tress H. K. Smith, Traftlr ■s^-., Drpt 
<), >ashillle, thattaoootra A SU Louis Kt., NashiHIe, Tens 



» 
■ 

H" 1 ^! a. farm — 8-room house; 3 good barns, 30*60: 
granary, 14x24; 2 good orchards; good water. 20a, 
good timber. Good land, lies level. $5,000, $1,500 cash, 
bal on easy terms at 5 percent. This is a bargain. 
CHANDLER 6 RICE, Cortland. Ohio 




$50 GASH 



and $10 Per Monti 

s a $500 25 acre 

poultry, fruit end 
vegetable farm. New 3 roomcottajrellk* 
cut. liest climate, water and markets 
In Sunny Yfnrlnla. Other lan-U fit 
acre up. Band for beautiful pamphlet, 
maps and rates. 

F. H. LA BAUME, ft. A I. Act.. V.rlull 
A Western Hj „ Hox 'A, Roanoke, Vs. 



The Best 230-acre Stock and Grain Farm in South- 
ern Michigan— will sell all or any part of It 
cheap, and at your own terms of payment. No 
agents. Direct from owner to you. Write for full 
particulars. S. S. WITH INGTON, Adrian, Mich. 



ALL ABOUT 
OKLAHOMA 



ARaffyain — 105 acre farm 2 miles from Geneva. 
Udlgaill Tile drained. Fine bank barn; 9- 
room house. 12 acres of timber, living water, on 
main road. Best in Ohio at the price, $5,500. 
A. B. MARTIN & SONS, GENEVA. OHIO. 



For Rent 



— 20 acres of well-manured market 
garden ground, 3 miles eouth of 
Bellaire, O. For further Infnrm'n 
writeElmer Robinson. Shady side.*). 



Fnr C s$l a— SORGHUM MIL.IV-7.00C . 
r VI oaic double 8-ton spring, 6-roll, including 
counter shaft, all in best condition. Address 
The Logan County Lumber On.. Bellefontaine.Ohio 



Michigan Farms 



Send for Free List No 6. des- 
cribing stock and grain farms 
for sale w in the dairy section of Central Nicliicm. 

R. M. SAYRES, BYRON, MICHIGAN 



KM 1 1 ft lv I and ror sale In tracts to suit 
ITIUVrt S.CIIIU In Ohio's greatest i 
Onions, celery, etc. snceessfully grown. Shipping 
fac'l'a to largo markets. H. C. Johnson, Hudson. O. 



fJIfl AHDMu ' truth ill. ..-.i < > . 
UIM.MIIUITIH Stamps, limp 

and names of sir farmers who w ill answer ques- 
tions. CHAS. AI.l.ING, Gl'THRlK. OKI. A. 



250 pages of inform- 
ation and statistics, 
describing every 
county and 100 towaa, 
compiled by editors of Oklahoma's greatest news- 
paper. Schools, churches. Industries, farms, crops, 
acreage, property values, all shown. 

50 Cents a Copy Postpaid. 
The Daily OfclttllonUMi, oklahoiiut f'ily. 

FARM FOR SALEL ! 

340 acres. Two good bonses : five barns ; good tim- 
ber: plenty of water: three windmills. Two milt . 
from Saline, 6 miles from Ann Arbor. Good giavrl 
roads. One of the finest grain and stock farms la 
Southern Michigan. Must be sold to settle an es- 
tate. Address G. L. HOVT. Saline, Michigan. 

\M E can show you better values In farms than 
*' you can get anywhere east of the Mississippi 
River. In l.ogan County, Ohio. All improved 
farms, good piked roads, and a good warm soli — 
grows any crops. Write for our new farm list. 

THE BIVKKYE REALTY COMPANY 
143 So. Main Street. BEI.I.EKONTA 1NE. OHIO. 



160 



•acre highly improved farm. New It- room 
house worth M.hm) : 2 large barns. lc« 
house, granary .carriage houpe.po*\er wind 
mill, sugar bush. 20 acres timber: frnit. 
Verv fertile soil. Four miles fr<*m Oberlfn. 
P. E. T W IN IN (i. R.I.OB E K L I N. o H IO. 



I00-0HI0 FARMS FOR SALE 



Writa '"' 

TYIIle catalog- 



lHt»"-l f'll'lll 

(lesrribitig 

for sale. A. B. MARTIN & SONS. GENEVA. O. 



50 Farms 



'escrlptrve list, quoth 
0 half-tone views of Fai 
1. II. KISTXEB, 



g prices, and Ulna, with 
n Homes for sale. free, 
u VRREN, omo. 



WRITE ; J 

farm 



HANSON 
price of fruit 
It will pay you to do so. 



Hart, Michigan, 



1.' 

• M n 

address SAMUEL 



'ARM FOR RENT— Near Salisbury. W 
grain and stock I 1 Maryland. Al 



mlco Co. 

■ for sale Kor full particulars 
WOODCOCK, Salisbury. Md. 



"Dargalri — SO acres for *7, 200. One/ mile of Akron, 
- LJ O. Good soil, lruit, water and bldgs. MO other 
farms. Free List. F. A. I.U.M K, Akrun. Ohio. 



/2J.ove Co.. Kansas, has healthiest climate, blackest 
" soil. purest water, cheapest land and best crops. 
Circular free W1I.E & BOYER. Thorutown. Jnd. 



Three fenerations ol 
Simpsons hsve mtde 

EDdystonE 

PRINTS 

rounded Pip 



Ask your dealer for 

SimpsonEddystone Prints 

The famous eld "Simpson'* faondt 
Bk*Ue uutyla i sc. 

For 65 years the standard 
dress fabrics for durability,' fast 
colors, beauty of patterns, and 
economy. 
Some designs in a new silk finish. 

If ytxir dealer ha«at Simpson ToMy-rtonc rmw write 
us bm tunic. We'll help htm supply you. Devlin* sub- 
stitutes - 1. 1 Imitation*. 

The Eddyrton© Mfg. Co.. Philadelphia 

Kstabiiahcd by Wm. Simp»on f Sr. 





Quality 
Supremo 



Every ounce of material that pncs^lnto a 
Studebaker wagon or buiriry has the "Srude- 
baker Reputation" behind it. Over 50 years' 
experience hns t.iue/ht us how to make vehicles that lafct 1 very axie— every spoke; — every 

hub— bolt and screw is made by experts. The result— the finest wagons 
possible to produce have made the Studebaker the 



Largest Vehicle Factory in the World 



The ah! 
to. II care 
the sru.1.1 
to us. It] 
two-cent 
Farmer's . 



IIISSllSlM ll 



who want honest value. No© 
<<■.: (SOS) ; know one. writ. 

this paper and enclose a 
pond toil the studebaker 

FREE. 



Studebaker Bros. Manufacturing Co. 



South Bend Indiana 




Jax. 18, 1908. 



THE OHIO FARMER. 



21^73 



Please Mention THE OHIO FARMER 
When Writing to Our Advertisers. 



SAID "USE CUTICURA." 



Doctor Resorted to It — In Bad Case of 
Eczema on Child ■ — Disease Had 
Reached a Fearful State — Pain and 
Itching were Terrible. 



His Order Resulted In Cure. 



"When I was small I was troubled 
with eczema for about three months. 
It was all over my face and covered 
nearly all of my head. It reached 
such a state that it was just a large 
scab all over, and the pain and itching 
were terrible. I doctored with an able 
physician for some time and was then 
advised by him to use the Cuticura 
Remedies, which I did, an,d I was en- 
tirely cured. I have not been bothered 
with it since. I used Cuticura Soap 
and Cuticura Ointment, but do not 
know exactly how much was used to 
complete the cure. I can safely say that 
Cuticura did a lot for me. Miss Anabel 
Wilson, North Branch, Mich., Oct. 20, 
1907." 



Acre FARMS 



Western 
Canada 



FREE 




AGRICULTURAL 

SCIENCE 



THE FREEZING OF WELLS. 



WHAT A SETTLER CAN SECURE IN 

WESTERN CANADA 

160 Acres Grain-Growing Land FREE— 20 to 40 Bu. 
Wheat to the Acre— 40 to 90 Bu. Oats to the Acre— 35 to 
60 Bu. Barley to the Acre — Timber for Fencing and 
Buildings FREE — Good Laws with Low Taxation- 
Splendid Railroad Facilities and Low Rates— Schools 
and Churches Convenient— Satisfactory Markets tor 
all Productions— Good Climate and Perfect Health- 
Chances for Profitable Investments. 

Some oS the choicest grain-producing lands in Sas- 
katchewan and Alberta may now be acquired in these 
most healthful and prosperous sections under <the 
REVISED HOMESTEAD REGULATIONS 
by which entry may be made by proxy (on certain 
conditions), by the father, mother, son, daughter, 
brother or sister of intending homesteader. 

Entry fee in each case is $10.00. For pamphlet "Last 
Best West." particulars as to rates, routes, best time 
to go and where to locate, apply to 

H. M. WILLIAMS 
413 Gardner Bldg. , Toledo, Ohio 

Canadian Government Agent 



LET US TAN 
YOUR HIDE, 

Whether Steer, Bull, or Horse Hide, 
Calf, Dog, Deer, or any kind of hide 
or skin with the hair on, soft, light, 
odorless and moth-proof for robo, mg, 
coat or gloves, and make them up when 
so ordered. 

But first get our illustr